Bodorgan is a hamlet and a surrounding community area on the Isle of Anglesey, United Kingdom. According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, there are 1,503 residents in the ward,72. 7% of them being able to speak Welsh. This increased to 1,704 at the 2011 Census but only 67. 72% of this population were Welsh speakers. The local government community of Bodorgan, including the village of Llangadwaladr, the village is served by Bodorgan railway station, which is located near the hamlets of Bethel and Llangadwaladr to the north-west. It lies on a road to the southwest of the village of Hermon. To the east and south of Bodorgan lies the estuary of the Afon Cefni, Bodorgan Hall is the largest country estate in Anglesey. The house, dovecote and a barn are Grade II listed buildings, media related to Bodorgan at Wikimedia Commons
Llangadwaladr, formerly spelt Llancadwaladr in some sources, is an isolated mountain parish in Powys, Wales. It was formerly in the county of Denbighshire, and from 1974-1996 was in Clwyd. Some 7 miles west of the nearest town, Oswestry, it covers an area of sparsely settled hill farming country around the valley of the Afon Ysgwennant beneath Gyrn Moelfre. Samuel Lewiss 1849 Topographical Dictionary of Wales described the parish as having 234 inhabitants, in the late 1980s, Tregeiriog and its surrounding areas were transferred to the parish of Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog. Before the rural depopulation of the late 19th century, the area was almost exclusively Welsh-speaking, the 1891 census recorded that 99. 5% of the inhabitants of Llangadwaladr parish spoke Welsh, and that 88% knew no English whatsoever. The Church in Wales parish church is dedicated to Cadwaladr Fendigaid and was mentioned as Bettws Kadwaladr as early as 1291 and it is sheltered by yew trees, some of which are 1000 years old.
Some of its current fabric dates from the 15th century, with alterations made in 1883 by W. H. Spaull of Oswestry. Lewis noted that St Cadwaladrs church possessed a very elegant set of communion plate presented by Sir John Trevor of Brynkinallt, the Rev. Robert Williams, author of the Lexicon Cornu-Britannicum, the first Cornish-English dictionary, was the perpetual curate of Llangadwaladr and Rhydycroesau from 1837 to 1879. A native of Conwy, where his father was Vicar, he was educated at Christ Church, graduating MA, in 1879 he became Rector of Culmington, near Ludlow, in England, where he died and was buried in the churchyard in 1881. His gravestone is the one there made of slate. Media related to Llangadwaladr, Powys at Wikimedia Commons
Aberffraw is a small village and community on the south west coast of the Isle of Anglesey, in Wales, by the west bank of the Afon Ffraw. Access by road is by way of the A4080 and the nearest rail station is Bodorgan, in the early Middle Ages Aberffraw was the capital of the Kingdom of Gwynedd from c.860 AD until c.1170. Under the eponymous Aberffraw Dynasty it came to be the most important political centre in medieval Wales, the Llys remained the symbolic throne of the Kings of Gwynedd from the 9th century to the 13th century. The Royal Annals of Edward I of England show the Llys was dismantled in 1315 to provide building materials for nearby Beaumaris Castle, at the 2011 census, Aberffraw had a population of 620, of which 67. 5% are able to speak Welsh. Attractions near Aberffraw village include Llyn Coron, Barclodiad y Gawres, a Neolithic burial chamber, the church still holds services in the summer and is sometimes used for weddings, with access by boat. The village has a beach, which was awarded the Blue flag rural beach award in 2005.
There is a post office in the village, st Beunos Church, dates from the 12th century and is a Grade II* listed building. The village has an association football team. An electoral ward in the name exists. This ward includes the community of Llanfaelog, aberffraws population was 620, according to the 2011 census, a 1. 97% increase since the 608 people noted in 2001. The 2011 census showed 67. 5% of the population could speak Welsh, in Welsh mythology, Aberffraw features as the site of Branwen and Matholwchs wedding festival, where Efnysien maimed Matholwchs horses. A Vision of Britain Through Time British Listed Buildings Aberffraw and genealogical information at GENUKI, geograph Office for National Statistics Ysgol Aberffraw
Anglesey or Ynys Môn is an island off the north-west coast of Wales. With an area of 276 square miles, Anglesey is by far the largest island of Wales, Anglesey is the largest island in the Irish Sea by area, and the second most populous island in the Irish Sea. The population at the 2011 census was 69,751, two bridges span the Menai Strait, connecting the island to the mainland, the Menai Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford in 1826, and the Britannia Bridge. A historic county of Wales and administrated as part of Gwynedd, Anglesey today makes up the Isle of Anglesey County along with Holy Island and other smaller islands. The majority of Angleseys inhabitants are Welsh speakers and Ynys Môn, Anglesey is derived from Old Norse, originally either Ǫngullsey Hook Island or Ǫnglisey Ǫnglis Island. No record of any such Ǫngli survives, but the name was used by Viking raiders as early as the 10th century and was adopted by the Normans during their invasions of Gwynedd. All of these derive from the proposed Proto-Indo-European root *ank-.
It was spelled as Anglesea. Ynys Môn, the islands Welsh name, was first recorded as Latin Mona by various Roman sources and it was likewise known to the Saxons as Monez. The Brittonic original was in the past taken to have meant Island of the Cow and this view is linguistically untenable, according to modern scientific philology. The etymology thus currently remains a mystery, poetic names for Anglesey include the Old Welsh Ynys Dywyll for its former groves and Ynys y Cedairn for its royal courts, Gerald of Wales Môn Mam Cymru for its productivity, and Y fêl Ynys. Numerous megalithic monuments and menhirs are present on Anglesey, testifying to the presence of humans in prehistory, Plas Newydd is near one of 28 cromlechs that remain on uplands overlooking the sea. The Welsh Triads claim that Anglesey was once part of the mainland, Anglesey has long been associated with the druids. News of Boudicas revolt reached him just after his victory, causing him to withdraw his army before consolidating his conquest, the island was finally brought into the Roman Empire by Gnaeus Julius Agricola, the Roman governor of Britain, in AD78.
During the Roman occupation, the area was notable for the mining of copper, the foundations of Caer Gybi as well as a fort at Holyhead are Roman, and the present road from Holyhead to Llanfairpwllgwyngyll was originally a Roman road. The island was grouped by Ptolemy with Ireland rather than with Britain, British Iron Age and Roman sites have been excavated and coins and ornaments discovered, especially by the 19th century antiquarian, William Owen Stanley. Following the Roman departure from Britain in the early 5th century, pirates from Ireland colonised Anglesey, in response to this, Cunedda ap Edern, a Gododdin warlord from Scotland, came to the area and began to drive the Irish out. This was continued by his son Einion Yrth ap Cunedda and grandson Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion, as an island, Anglesey was in a good defensive position, and so Aberffraw became the site of the court, or Llys, of the Kingdom of Gwynedd
Kingdom of Gwynedd
The Principality or Kingdom of Gwynedd was one of several successor states to the Roman Empire that emerged in sub-Roman Britain in the 5th century during the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain. Based in northwest Wales, the rulers of Gwynedd repeatedly rose to preeminence and were acclaimed as King of the Britons before losing their power in civil wars or invasions and that realm lasted until the conquest of Wales by Edward I in 1283. The sons of their leader, were said to have possessed the land between the rivers Dee and Teifi, the modern preserved county of Gwynedd and principal area of Gwynedd are both somewhat smaller. The 5th-century Cantiorix Inscription now in Penmachno church seems to be the earliest record of the name and it is in memory of a man named Cantiorix and the Latin inscription is Cantiorix hic iacit/Venedotis cives fuit/consobrinos Magli magistrati, Cantiorix lies here. He was a citizen of Gwynedd and a cousin of Maglos the magistrate, the use of terms such as citizen and magistrate maybe cited as evidence that Romano-British culture and institutions continued in Gwynedd long after the legions had withdrawn.
As early as the 2nd century, there may have been an Irish presence in the region as Ptolemy marks the Llŷn Peninsula as the Promontory of the Gangani which is a name he recorded in Ireland, the region became known as Venedotia in Latin. The name was attributed to a specific Irish colony on Anglesey. According to traditional pedigrees, Cuneddas grandfather was Padarn Beisrudd, Paternus of the red cloak, nennius recounts how Cunedda brought order to North Wales and after his death Gwynedd was divided among his sons, Dynod was awarded Dunoding, another son Ceredig received Ceredigion, and so forth. According to Professor John Davies, here is a determinedly Brythonic, there was generally quick abandonment of Roman political and ecclesiastical practices and institutions within Gwynedd and elsewhere in Wales. These early petty kings or princelings adopted the title rhi in Welsh, replaced by brenin, genealogical lists compiled around 960 bear out that a number of these early rulers claimed degrees of association with the old Roman order, but do not appear in the official royal lineages.
It may be assumed that the stronger kings annexed the territories of their weaker neighbors, other evidence supports Nenniuss claim that a leader came to north Wales and brought the region a measure of stability, although an Irish Gaelic element remained until the mid-5th century. During that peace he established a mighty kingdom, after Cadwallon, Gwynedd appears to have held a pre-eminent position amongst the petty Cambrian states in the post-Roman period. The great-grandson of Cunedda, Maelgwn Hir Maelgwn the Tall, was one of the most famous leaders in Welsh history, there are several legends about his life concerning miracles performed either by him or in his presence. Maelgwn was curiously described as the dragon of the island by Gildas which was possibly a title, Maelgwn eventually died in 547 from the plague leaving a succession crisis in his wake. His son in law, Elidyr Mwynfawr of the Kingdom of Strathclyde, claimed the throne and invaded Gwynedd to displace Maelgwns son, Elidyr was killed in the attempt but his death was avenged by his relatives who ravaged the coast of Arfon.
Rhun counter-attacked and exacted the same penalty on the lands of his foes in what is now central Scotland, Rhun returned to Gwynedd and the rest of his reign was far less eventful. He was succeeded by his son, Beli ap Rhun in c, on the accession of Belis son Iago ap Beli in c. 599, the situation in Britain had deteriorated significantly, most of the area today called northern England and been overrun by the invading Angles of Deira and Bernicia who were in the process of forming the Kingdom of Northumbria
Gwalchmai is a village on Anglesey in north Wales, within the Trewalchmai community. The communitys population in the 2011 census was 1009, Gwalchmai is a village along the A55, less than a mile from the Anglesey Show Ground and less than two miles from RAF Mona. There are the remains of a windmill in the part of the village. Llyn Hendref is a lake to the north-east. The village consists of two parts, Gwalchmai Uchaf which is the south-east section and Gwalchmai Isaf which is the north-west section. On the village clock are inscribed the names of the 29 people from the village who died in World War I, in 2015 the 90 year old memorial received a grant of £5,000 to be restored. The local association football team, C. P. D, won the 2009–2010 Gwynedd League championship and were promoted to the Welsh Alliance League. The village primary school is called Ysgol y Ffridd, features near the village include a recycling centre, a stone quarry, Anglesey Showground, Mona Business Park, and Mona Airfield. According to the 2001 Census the community of Trewalchmai had 898 people and 367 dwellings, the area retains a strong Welsh character with 75% of the ward population being recorded as Welsh speakers in the 2001 Census.
The ward is represented on Anglesey County Council by Councillor Bob Parry OBE, Trewalchmai Community Council normally meets on a monthly basis to consider local issues. St Morhaiarns Church, Gwalchmai Gwalchmai on Multimap. com photos of Gwalchmai and surrounding area on geograph
Cadfan ap Iago
Cadfan ap Iago was King of Gwynedd. Little is known of the history of Gwynedd from this period, the historical person is known only from his appearance in royal genealogies, from his grant to Saint Beuno for the monastery at Clynnog Fawr, and from his inscribed gravestone. Cadfan was the son and successor of King Iago ap Beli, there is no evidence that Gwynedd had any part in the battle, so Cadfans accession at that time appears to be no more than coincidence. Cadfans gravestone is at Llangadwaladr on Anglesey, a distance from the ancient llys of the kings of Gwynedd. Cadfan was succeeded as king by his son, Cadwallon ap Cadfan, Saint Beuno and the monastery at Clynnog Fawr are often cited in conjunction with Cadfan. It goes on to say that Beuno founded a Convent at Clynnog in 616, the promise was carried out by Cadfans son, King Cadwallon, and that Cadwallon was given a golden sceptre worth 60 cows as a token of acknowledgment. A consistent version is given in W. J. Rees 1853 Lives of the Cambro-British Saints, there is no historical basis for this story, as is readily acknowledged in the preface of works on the subject.
The story that they had spent an idyllic youth together may have had a romantic appeal, edwin would eventually ally himself with Rædwald of East Anglia in 616, defeating and killing Æthelfrith and becoming one of Northumbrias most successful kings. Edwins life in exile is unknown, and there is no basis for placing him at the court of King Cadfan