Coín is a town and municipality in the Province of Málaga, Spain, c. 33 km west of the provincial capital, Málaga, about 30 km north of Marbella. The town has an official population of 22,000 inhabitants. Foreigners now make up a substantial proportion of the town's inhabitants and are attracted to Coín because it is only 25 minutes from the beaches of Málaga and Marbella, including the 50 km stretch of coastline in between which includes the popular resorts of Torremolinos and Benalmádena; the town was ruled by the Moors and the Romans, with the Moors invading and controlling the town from 929 AD until 1485, when the Christians looted and retook control of Coín. The economy was traditionally agriculture; the latter has been during the twentieth century important and known, having a color style of its own called "Green Coin". The most significant ceramics workshop during the past century was the Workshop "Cumbreras" and now work is continuing this traditional ceramic material of Coin, with over 300 years old by local artisans.
The city of cinema was a project carried out in the area of Nacimiento to produce a television series, but was turned into a tourist area as well. For many years, Coín was the setting for several series, first the British Eldorado for the BBC, after that the Andalusian Plaza Alta soap operas and "Arrayan", both recorded in Loasur studios produced by Linze TV, shown by Canal Sur. Tourism and the hospitality industry have replaced old industries, although there are still many potters and several quarries where local marble, dolomite rock and sand are produced for construction materials. Official website Website of tourism, leisure in Coín
Alozaina is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain. It is located between Tolox and Yunquera and in the foothills of the Sierra de las Nieves in its transition to the Hoya de Málaga; the municipality is situated 52 kilometers from Málaga and 41 from the city of Ronda. It has a population of 2,200 residents, its surface area is 33.85 km2 and has a density of 66.23 inhabitants/km2. It is one of eight pueblo blancos that "guard the Sierra de las Nieves". In the past ten years a transformation has taken place, from a dusty somewhat shabby rural village to a lively community proud of its traditions and enhanced by many new amenities. Natives of the town are called Pecheros. Soon to be opened, is a brand new tourist information center. From the Upper Palaeolithic dates a small spindle-shaped idol, preserved in the Provincial Museum of Málaga, which attests to the presence of man during the Neolithic and periods. From the Neolithic are the remains of the area called "the flat", where there was a village with a large cemetery, but was devastated and now only 3 graves in good condition remain.
In the "Cave of the Table" a burial and two golden trumpets were found from the Bronze Age, both can be found in the Archaeological Museum of Málaga. From the time of the Iberians the Phoenicians, tombs have been found with decorated pottery and other objects. Roman urban vestiges have been found in the place of a settlement of Ardite families who inhabited the area in a stable but without shaping a city, it was supposed to serve for travelers who used this area as a rest en route to Acinipo or to Cartima or Malacca, looking for an exit to the sea. These people had a way of life through ranching on a small scale. One can still catch a glimpse of; the Romans left their mark on the Monte's prospect, where they found a column and different types of altar stone. The Valentine area is rich in Roman and Arabic ruins. Amphorae have appeared in Italy, they were signed by potters of this land who used them to trade or fill them with oil to feed the empire, although they have not found remains of mills from this period, though they may have existed.
With the arrival of Muslims, the watchtowers of Ardite and "Aloçaina" were built. Aloçaina gave the town its name. Official site
Mijas is a town and municipality in the Province of Málaga, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. Located on the South-Eastern coast of Spain, Mijas belongs to the region of Costa del Sol Occidental, its centre is a typical Andalusian white-washed village, located on a mountainside about 430 metres or 1,476 feet above sea level, in the heart of the Costa del Sol region. The municipality includes: Mijas Pueblo Mijas Costa La Cala de Mijas Las Lagunas; the economy of Mijas is based on tourism, featuring local historical museums and many souvenir shops. The municipality has seven golf courses, including the La Cala Resort, the biggest golf resort in Spain. Agricultural products include potatoes and avocados. Mijas was founded in prehistoric times by the Tartessians; the remains of the original fortification are still visible on parts of the exterior wall of the city. The area's mineral wealth attracted ancient Greeks and Phoenicians to the village, as described in the Ptolemy’s Geography of the second century.
The Romans, who kept up a lively commerce with Mijas, knew it as Tamisa. Roman domination was replaced with the Visigoth's rule after 714 AD; the Visigoths, in turn, were succeeded by the Moors. The Moors allowed the village inhabitants to preserve their property and customs in exchange for a third of their goods from agriculture and farming, it was the Moors who abbreviated the name of Tamisa to Mixa, which became modern day Mijas. During the time of the Emirate of Córdoba, the village was conquered by Umar ibn Hafsun; the village remained under the rule of Bobastro, defeated by Abd al-Rahman III in the late 9th century. In 1487, Mijas resisted the attacks of the Catholic monarchs during the siege of Málaga. After Málaga fell, the inhabitants most were sold as slaves. During the Revolt of the Comuneros a few decades Mijas remained loyal to the Spanish crown, which granted it the title of Muy Leal. Soon after, Joanna of Castile promoted it to the status of villa and it was exempt from royal taxes.
During this period and into the 19th century, Mijas suffered from intense pirate activity along the coast. It was this pirate activity that motivated the construction of the watchtowers that still stand today. In the 19th century, Mijas's livelihood was agriculture and some farming and mineral extraction. Grape vines were the main source of wealth in Mijas until the Philloxera plague destroyed all of the vineyards. Important to Mijas's economy was paper production; some mills located in the area of Osunillas date back to 1744. The mid-1800s were a productive time for local industry, thanks to the arrival of Valencia’s paper-makers, carpenters from Alcoy, a mop, which created new functional links among manufacturers. Notable were the "paper beds", which were useful in Málaga because they were used as raisin wrappers. An important historical event happened on December 2, 1831. General Torrijos landed at the beach El Charcón with 52 men, they crossed Mijas, climbed the hill to the top and took refuge at a house on Alqueria in Alhaurin de la Torre, on Molinas County property.
They were surrounded by troops, sent by the governor Gonzales Moreno. Torrijos and his companions were shot on the San Andres beaches on December 11, 1831. In 1873 a road opened between Mijas and Fuengirola, ending the segregation between the two towns, in effect since 1841. However, the village remained isolated until the arrival of Second Republic. There was no phone service until 1953 and the town's architecture consisted of shacks; the population was scattered across the countryside. During the post-war period and unemployment increased; the only work in the area was the collection of grass for the esparto, but the effects of droughts weakened this industry. During this era, Mijas was the scene of anti-Franco army operations because of the support and respect of the army in this area. In the 1950s, an asbestos factory was built to reduce unemployment and the first small hotel was built because of the growing fame of the Costa del Sol. With the advent of tourism, the towns of La Cala and Las Lagunas began construction of residential urban residential areas, resulting in the birth of Chollocasa, Cala and many more cities.
Las Lagunas appeared out of nowhere from the interior of a farming community and La Cala was a rural village with just 19 farming families. The climate of Mijas, due to its proximity to the sea, enjoys semi-tropical temperatures with winter days being warm/hot and agreeable, days of hot/very hot weather from May until October; the months of July and August are hot with temperatures at the end of July and early August hovering around 40C. Winter nights can be chilly but with only an occasional light frost. Nights during the hotter months of Summer are quite bearable except for late July and early August when air-conditioning is a necessity for a good night's sleep; the rainfall is below 600 millilitres per year and occurs between October and April. The town boasts some 2,920 hours of sunshine per year; the climate changes with increasing elevation in the mountains. Temperatures can drop to 10 °C. In the peaks, over 600 m high, some ice may form in winter, while precipitation increases to 800 ml.
Mogente or Moixent is a municipality in the comarca of Costera in the Valencian Community, Spain. The municipal area contains the ruins of la Bastida de les Alcusses, one of the most important Iberian archaeological sites in the Valencian Community
Tormos is a municipality in the province of Alicante and autonomous community of Valencia, Spain. The municipality covers an area of 5.3 square kilometres and as of 2011 had a population of 383 people. José Perelló Torrens was a Republican politician in Spain and the Mayor of Tormos during the 1930s
Benafer is a municipality in the comarca of Alto Palancia, Castellón, Spain
Alhaurín el Grande
Alhaurín el Grande is a town located in the province of Málaga in the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain. It covers an area of 73.1 km2 extending from the northern slope of the Sierra de Mijas and the plain of the Guadalhorce river, where alternate crops of citrus and other fruit trees orchards are found. The population reaches 23,675 inhabitants, according to 2010 data; the origin of the name was given by the Arabs, who called it "Alhaurin", where the Catholic Monarchs added "el Grande" to distinguish it from the neighboring town of Alhaurín de la Torre after the conquest of both sites in 1485. It is situated between the stream of Blas González; the coast is close by and there is a network of roads to get there. There is a road to Málaga Torremolinos, which takes about 30 minutes by car. A new road was built in 2010 connecting the town with Fuengirola and the beach, only 20 minutes drive. There is another new road to Marbella, to the southwest with Mijas just along a winding road round the mountain.
From Alhaurín there is a view over the "Hoya de Málaga", Málaga's vale, full of lemon trees and other fruit trees. Villafranco del Guadalhorce is a village within Alhaurín el Grande's municipal term, it was founded by colonist families in the 1950s and subsidized by the Instituto Nacional de Colonización of the Spanish government. Alhaurin el Grande is located on the north side of the Sierra de Mijas at a height of 326 meters above sea level, with a benign climate of mild winters and hot summers and more than a third of the days per year have sunshine, it is 18 km from Marbella. Its inhabitants are known as laurinos, it is the thirteenth largest city in the entire province of Málaga in population, second only to coastal municipalities, the cities of Ronda and Antequera and nearby Alhaurin de la Torre. It has a population around 25,000, but there is a large presence of foreigners settled in the town, estimated to represent nearly 5% of the total population, it contains the neighborhoods of Chorro or San.
Anton, el Bajondillo, San Isidro or Camino de Coin, la Huerta or el Barrio del Alemán, la Fama or the neighborhood of Palustre, plus several developments such as La Paca, La Chíchara, El Cigarral or Sierra Gorda and the hamlet of Villafranco del Guadalhorce. In the municipality traces of different civilizations have been found, from the oldest to abundant Roman and Moorish remains; the municipality of Alhaurín el Grande has seen the history of Phoenicians, Romans and Arabs that have settled nearby. In the forested areas southeast of Alhaurín el Grande, there are traces of Neolithic occupation, witnesses to the long history of human habitation of the area; these traces were found near La Casa Forestal. Subsequently, the agricultural growth of the place took a big leap in quality with the arrival of the Greeks, who left their methods of cultivating the land, olive trees and prune grafted vines. By the time that the Romans arrived, the tiny Iberian settlement in the Sierra de Mijas was well established, but if it had a name the Romans chose not to keep it.
Instead they gave it one of their own. The village became Lauro Nova, it was a spot blessed by the gods: fertile and surrounded by hills riddled with valuable mineral deposits. Roman villas popped up around the centre of the village and the hills are still dotted with their remains. There is evidence of the existence of different settlements in various parts of the term municipal of Alhaurin el Grande, such as: Dehesa Baja Camino de Coín o la Alquería during the Roman period; the most important are those of the Fuente del Sol and Huerta del Niño, named after a burial with a tombstone of a young Roman having been discovered. Numerous Roman remains and objects such as columns and coins have been found, it was a golden age. The town was in no danger of disappearing, it was not until the Moors took it on and built it a fortress on a hilltop called Torres de Fahala that it began to move again. The Moors gave it a new name, Alhaurín, meaning "Garden of Allah". Like the Romans before them, they linked the township to a second to which they gave the same name, the two now being known as Alhaurín el Grande and Alhaurín de la Torre.
To the Romans they had been Lauro Vetus. The fort was destroyed in the destructive zeal of the Reconquista, but at least the village survived. In the following centuries the town suffered from invasions, epidemics of plague, an earthquake in 1680. During the Peninsular War of 1808-14 it was occupied for four years by French troops and suffered considerable bombardment. There have been large-scale building projects, which are being investigated for corrupt practices. From:INE Archiv Arco árabe del Cobertizo Columnas romanas de la Plaza de Ayuntamiento Iglesia de la Encarnación |Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación Ermita de San Sebastián Ermita de la Santa Vera Cruz Ermita del Cristo de las Agonías Ermita de San Antón Ruinas de la Fortaleza de Fahala o Castillo de la Reina Torre vigia de Urique Fuente Lucena o de los Doce Caños Molino de la Paca Molino morisco de los Corchos y de Maroto o Galiano Porton de San Rafael Casa Consistorial, Cripta del antiguo convento franciscano Casa-Hermandad Museo de la Hermandad de NUestro Padre Jesús Nazareno Casa-Hermandad Museo de la Cofradía de la Santa Vera Cruz Museo del Pan, El Colmenero de Alhaurín Biblioteca Municipal "Ildefonso Marzo" Teatro Antonio Gala Parque La Libertad Some traces of the village's ancient past have survived.
There is the Arcos de Cobertizo. In the small plaza in