Governor-General of Papua New Guinea
The Governor-General of Papua New Guinea is the representative of Papua New Guinean monarch, known in Tok Pisin as'Missis Kwin'. As in Australia, the vice-regal officer's title is spelled with a hyphen. Unlike other Commonwealth realms, the Governor-General of Papua New Guinea is nominated by the country's Parliament, rather than being proposed by its Prime Minister; the appointment is made by the head of state of Papua New Guinea Queen Elizabeth II, following a simple majority vote of the National Parliament. For a second term, a two-thirds majority is required. No person may serve for more than two terms, a matter made formal relation in Papua New Guinea, thus far all retired governors-general have been knighted. If the office of Governor-General becomes vacant, the Speaker of the National Parliament becomes acting Governor-General until a new appointment is made; the Governor-General may be dismissed by either a decision of the National Executive Council or an absolute majority of the National Parliament.
No Governor-General has been dismissed from office, although in 1991 Sir Vincent Serei Eri resigned from office after Prime Minister Rabbie Namaliu advised the Queen to dismiss him. List of Administrators and High Commissioners of Papua New Guinea
2017 Papua New Guinean general election
General elections were held in Papua New Guinea between 24 June and 8 July 2017. The writs for the election were issued on 20 April, candidate nominations closed on 27 April. Sir Michael Somare, the first Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, retired as a Member of National Parliament at the election. Somare has served continuously since he was first elected to the pre-independence House of Assembly in 1968, an unbroken term of 49 years. On 1 August 2017 Peter O'Neill was re-elected as Prime Minister by Parliament by a vote of 64–40; the 111 members of the National Parliament are elected from single-member constituencies by preferential voting. Important dates in the election are listed below; the Return of Writs was postponed to 29 July due to few of the 111 seats being declared. The Writs were presented to Governor General Sir Robert Dadae on 29 July by Electoral Commissioner Patilias Gamato, with only 80 seats declared; the Papua New Guinea Electoral Commission reported in preliminary figures that 3332 candidates have nominated to contest the election, 165 candidates of which are women.
There has been less activity in the 2017 election compared to previous elections, with PNG National Party Leader Kerenga Kua saying "There is less colour, less movement, that's not good, because you need to have some level of activity for educational purposes". Four people died in clashes regarding the election, with several candidates attacked during campaigning or nominations, to which Electoral Comisisoner Patilias Gamato said "We have not gone into polls yet but people are engaging in violent activities and intimidation — that's unnecessary."Ezekiel Anisi, MP for Ambunti-Dreikikir Open died on 24 May 2017 at a Port Moresby guesthouse in the midst of his re-election campaign. The Bank of Papua New Guinea is concerned that 160 Million Kina of old currency, stolen has the potential to influence the election. There are concerns in the Menyama District of Morobe Province that poor weather conditions affecting road transport could cause issues with the transportation of polling materials closer towards the election.
Significant issues with voting had arisen by late June. On 27 June, the day voting was due to begin in the National Capital District, voting in all three electorates there was delayed until 30 June after polling officials went on strike due to unpaid allowances. At least sixteen electoral officials were arrested, including NCD election manager Terrence Hetinu, found with US$57,000 in cash stored in his car, while NCD assistant returning officer Roselyn Tobogani was arrested after officials were found smuggling ballot papers out of the provincial election office. Voting in Chimbu Province, Hela Province and Western Highlands Province failed to begin on schedule on 26 June due to issues with the common roll and disputes over numbers of ballot papers, while voting in Eastern Highlands Province only commenced on a limited basis amidst reports that "thousands of students" had been left off the electoral roll. Electoral Commissioner Patilias Gamato obtained a court order against blogger Martyn Namorong, restricting him from sharing defamatory statements against the commissioner.
This came after Gamato received criticism which his surname to a tomato. Members of the National Parliament of Papua New Guinea, 2017–2022 Papua New Guinea Election Commission Registered Political Parties Preliminary Candidate Nominations Election Dates
Politics of Papua New Guinea
The politics of Papua New Guinea takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic multi-party system, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government. Papua New Guinea is an independent Commonwealth realm, with a governor-general, nominated by the National Parliament, acting as head of state. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the parliament. Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech, worship and association; the judiciary is independent of the legislature. The Head of the Commonwealth, or Queen of Papua New Guinea, is represented in Papua New Guinea by a governor general who acts on the advice of the prime minister and the cabinet; the Governor-General of Papua New Guinea is elected by parliament. The governments of Papua New Guinea are characterized by weak political parties and unstable parliamentary coalitions; the prime minister, elected by Parliament, chooses the other members of the cabinet. Each ministry is headed by a cabinet member, assisted by a permanent secretary, a career public servant, who directs the staff of the ministry.
The cabinet consists members, including ministers of executive departments. They answer politically to parliament; the Governor General appoints the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition. The Governor General appoints the other justices with the advice of a judicial commission; the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council serves as the highest appellate court. Papua New Guinea has a unicameral National Parliament known as the House of Assembly, it has 109 seats, with 89 elected from single-member "Open" electorates and 20 from province-level "Provincial" electorates. Members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; the most recent election was held in June–July 2017. Members of Parliament are elected from the National Capital District. After independence in 1975, members were elected by the first past the post system, with winners gaining less than 15% of the vote. Electoral reforms in 2001 introduced the Limited Preferential Vote system, a modified version of alternative vote, where voters number their first three choices among the candidates.
The first general election to use LPV was held in 2007. Parliament introduced reforms in June 1995 to change the provincial government system, with Provincial members of Parliament becoming provincial governors, while retaining their national seats in Parliament. However, if a provincial member accepts a position as a cabinet minister, the role of governor falls to one of the Open members of Parliament from the province. Papua New Guinea's judiciary is independent of the government, it interprets the laws. There are several levels. There is a Supreme Court of Papua New Guinea, not separately constituted but an appellate Full Court of the National Court, its Chief Justice the Chief Justice of the National Court, is appointed by the Governor General on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation with the Minister responsible for justice. Other justices of the National Court, who are available to sit as members of ad hoc benches of the Supreme Court, are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission.
Reforms in June 1995 changed the provincial government system. Regional members of Parliament became provincial governors, while retaining their national seats in Parliament. Papua New Guinea has 22 province-level divisions: twenty provinces, one autonomous province and the National Capital District. On Bougainville Island focused on traditional land rights and economic issues stemming from the operation of the Panguna mine, a civil war grew into a war for independence from PNG. From early 1989 until a truce came into effect in October 1997 and a permanent cease-fire was signed in April 1998 as many as 20,000 people were killed. Under the eyes of a regional peace-monitoring force and a United Nations observer mission, the government and provincial leaders have established an interim government and are working toward election of a provincial government and a referendum on independence; the people of Bougainville are related to those of the nearby Solomon Islands. The Morauta government brought in a series of electoral reforms in 2001, designed to address instability and corruption.
Among the reforms was the introduction of the Limited Preferential Vote system, a modified version of Alternative vote, for future elections in PNG. The first general election to use LPV was held in 2007. There are many parties. Winning candidates are courted in efforts to forge the majority needed to form a government, allegiances are fluid. No single party has yet won enough seats to form a government in its own right. Papua New Guinea has a history of changes in government coalitions and leadership from within Parliament during the five-year intervals between national elections. New governments are protected by law from votes of no confidence for the first 18 months of their incumbency, no votes of no confidence may be moved in the 12 months preceding a national election. On Bougainville Island, a rebellion occurred from early 1989 until a truce came into effect in October 1997 and a permanent cease-fire was signed in April 1
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions. Ill-defined, the term has different meanings depending on context, it is used to designate the monarch in either a personal capacity, as Head of the Commonwealth, or as the king or queen of his or her realms. It can refer to the rule of law. A corporation sole, the Crown is the legal embodiment of executive and judicial governance in the monarchy of each country; these monarchies are united by the personal union of their monarch. The concept of the Crown developed first in England as a separation of the literal crown and property of the kingdom from the person and personal property of the monarch, it spread through English and British colonisation and is now rooted in the legal lexicon of the United Kingdom, its Crown dependencies, the other 15 independent realms. It is not to be confused with any physical crown, such as those of the British regalia; the term is found in various expressions such as "Crown land", which some countries refer to as "public land" or "state land".
The concept of the Crown took form under the feudal system. Though not used this way in all countries that had this system, in England, all rights and privileges were bestowed by the ruler. Land, for instance, was granted by the Crown to lords in exchange for feudal services and they, in turn, granted the land to lesser lords. One exception to this was common socage—owners of land held as socage held it subject only to the Crown; when such lands become owner-less they are said to escheat. Bona vacantia is the royal prerogative; the monarch is the living embodiment of the Crown and, as such, is regarded as the personification of the state. The body of the reigning sovereign thus holds two distinct personas in constant coexistence: that of a natural-born human being and that of the state as accorded to him or her through law; the terms the state, the Crown, the Crown in Right of, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of, similar are all synonymous and the monarch's legal personality is sometimes referred to as the relevant jurisdiction's name.
As such, the king or queen is the employer of all government officials and staff, the guardian of foster children, as well as the owner of all state lands and equipment, state owned companies, the copyright for government publications. This is all in his or her position as sovereign, not as an individual; the Crown represents the legal embodiment of executive and judicial governance. While the Crown's legal personality is regarded as a corporation sole, it can, at least for some purposes, be described as a corporation aggregate headed by the monarch. Whilst the Crown refers to the monarch, this reference is made in re the monarch this reference is to the monarch in their capacity as monarch, does not refer to that individual in their totality of ownership interests and actions; the monarch can act in a private capacity. This duality of characterisation can be illustrated in several ways. In property ownership for example, although both are royal residences, Buckingham Palace is the property of the Crown via the Crown Estate whilst Balmoral Castle is the property of Elizabeth II and not of the Crown.
The latter property can be alienated by the Queen, whereas any disposition of the former property would need to be done via instrument of government as an act of state. The Queen's bank accounts at Coutts contain components of her private wealth only, whilst the resources of the monarch acting as the Crown are dispensed from HM Treasury and the Crown Estate to the Royal Household. A third example is in employment relationships; however those who assist as employees of the monarch as the Crown do so on employment from the Royal Household, the official department charged with supporting the monarch. Those who a
Visa policy of Papua New Guinea
A foreign national wishing to enter Papua New Guinea must obtain a visa in one of the PNG diplomatic missions, unless they are a citizen of one of the countries eligible for visa on arrival or eVisa. All visitors must hold a passport valid for 6 months. Nationals of the following 70 countries and territories may obtain a free visa valid for 60 days. On arrival at Port Moresby or Tokua:As of November 2018 nationals of countries eligible for visa on arrival can obtain an eVisa. 1 – Also applicable to passports issued to residents of French and Dutch territories in the Caribbean.2 – 30 days available at Gurney Airport and Mount Hagen Airport.3 – Also applicable to passports issued to residents of Cook Islands and Tokelau.4 – Also applicable to passports issued to residents of Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands. Visa exemption agreement for diplomatic and service passports was signed with China on 17 November 2018 and it is not yet ratified. Visa on arrival can be obtained by citizens of China who are diplomatic and passport for public affairs holders and ordinary passport holders travelling under organized tour groups sanctioned by the Tourism Promotion Authority.
In April 2016 during Indian President's visit it was announced that Papua New Guinea would extend Visa On Arrival facility for Indian citizens as well but the date of implementing it hasn't been decided yet. HistoryVisa on arrival policy was suspended from 30 October due to the APEC Papua New Guinea 2018 summit. Visa on arrival have been reinstated on 1 December. Holders of passports issued by the following countries who possess an APEC Business Travel Card containing the "PNG" code on the reverse that it is valid for travel to Papua New Guinea can enter visa-free for business trips for up to 60 days. ABTCs are issued to nationals of: Most visitors arriving to Papua New Guinea were from the following countries of nationality: Visa requirements for Papua New Guinean citizens Foreign relations of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Immigration & Citizenship Service Authority
Districts and LLGs of Papua New Guinea
This page is a list of Districts and Local-Level Government areas of Papua New Guinea. On the highest level, Papua New Guinea is divided into four Regions. Below, Papua New Guinea has 22 province-level divisions: 20 integrated provinces, the autonomous province of North Solomons and the National Capital District; each province has one or more districts, each district has one or more Local Level Government areas. For census purposes, the LLG areas are subdivided into those into census units. - Mt Bosave Rural - Lower Wage Rural Provinces of Papua New Guinea Regions of Papua New Guinea List of cities and towns in Papua New Guinea List of cities and towns in Papua New Guinea by population Mapping Application with a lot of detail down to the LLG level LLG boundary maps by Province Local Level Government list – Inter Government relations department of PNG PNG Business Directory List of District Capitals Schedule of Polling for 2007 election – PNG Electoral Commission List of LLGs by Province, with Presidents or Mayors