City of Burnside
The City of Burnside is a local government area in the South Australian city of Adelaide stretching from the Adelaide Parklands into the Adelaide foothills with an area of 2,753 hectares. It was founded in August 1856 as the District Council of Burnside, the name of a property of an early settler, was classed as a city in 1943; the LGA is bounded by Adelaide, Adelaide Hills Council, Mitcham, Norwood Payneham and St Peters and Unley. A residential upper middle class area, Burnside has little to no industrial activity and a small commercial sector. Over 257 hectares of its area is dedicated to Parks and Reserves, the result being one of the greenest areas in Adelaide, it was one of the first areas outside of Adelaide to be settled, with the early villages of Magill, Burnside and Glen Osmond now inner suburbs. At the 2006 census, the City had a SEIFA score of 1108, the highest figure for any local government area in South Australia — individual CCD scores ranged from 909 in eastern Glenside to 1194 in Stonyfell.
Burnside was inhabited by the Kaurna Indigenous people prior to European Settlement, with the natives living around the creeks of the River Torrens during the summer months and living in the Adelaide Hills during the wintertime. The area was first settled in 1839 by Peter Anderson, a Scots migrant, who named it Burnside after his property's location adjacent to Second Creek; the Village of Burnside was established shortly thereafter and the District Council of Burnside was gazetted in 1856, being separated from the larger East Torrens Council. The council's first chairman was Dr. C. R. Penfold of Penfolds Wines fame. Beaumont House, a historic structure, was constructed for the first bishop of Adelaide, Augustus Short, during 1851. Wineries and olive groves were the mainstay of an early Burnside economy; the first council chamber was designed by chairman George Soward and built in 1869 by Thomas Hill and William Yateman. The present Council Chambers were built in 1927/8 in Tusmore, with the council becoming a municipality in 1935.
With strong growth and development throughout the region, Burnside was proclaimed a city in 1943. The 1960s' brought to Burnside a community library and a swimming centre, both were further expanded and upgraded between 1997 and 2001. Burnside has an area of 2,753 hectares and is located from the east to the south-east of the Adelaide city centre and parklands, extending east to the Cleland Conservation Park in the Mount Lofty Ranges. Two creeks of the River Torrens run through a sloping plain from the ranges. Before European Settlement in South Australia, much of the Adelaide Plains were woodland. In what became Burnside, plains leading out to Unley hosted the large Black Forest of Grey Box woodland. To the north and the floodplains of First and Second Creeks, there were Blue Gums and River Red Gums. Nearer to the foothills, in Mount Osmond and Waterfall Gully, a more diverse range of plant species existed, however Manna Gums and Blue Gums were predominant. With colonisation, much of the native foliage was cut down to enable crops and grazing.
Market Gardens in the Adelaide Hills lowered the amount of water flowing down the creeks and some of the Hills Face was used for quarrying. Early crops included olives, grapes for winemaking and barley. Over the years agriculture declined and only vineyards survive today in Magill and Waterfall Gully. With new suburbs being gazetted in the 20th century, the Burnside Council undertook ambitious tree-planting and conservation schemes to slow and reverse the negative impact on the natural environment. 190 hectares of the council area is held in reserves and parks and some 35,000 trees line the streets. A'Second Generation Tree Planting Program' has been underway since 1993. Notable parks and reserves include Langman Reserve and Hazelwood Park; the Burnside city council is divided into the following wards: Kensington Park Kensington Gardens & Magill Burnside Beaumont Eastwood & Glenunga Rose Park & Toorak Gardens Burnside library is the only public library in the city of Burnside. It is part of the civic centre.
The library is open seven days a week, from 9.30am-6pm on weekdays, except Thursday when it closes at 9pm, on the weekend from 10am-4pm on Saturday and 2pm-5pm on Sunday. For State Government Burnside is part of the Electoral Districts of Adelaide, Morialta, Heysen and Unley. Bragg takes in most of the city. Liberal strength is strongest in the wealthy hills suburbs to the south-east around Beaumont and weakest around Norwood in the north where the Labor Party dominates. Before their catastrophic collapse in recent years, the Democrats polled impressive results in the western near-city suburbs; the Greens gained much of the previous Democrats vote in recent elections. Bragg has been held by Vickie Chapman, Shadow Attorney-General of the State Liberal Party, since 2002. Burnside forms the southern part of the Federal Division of Sturt, which takes in much of Adelaide's eastern suburbs, stretchin
City of Playford
The City of Playford is a local government area of South Australia in Adelaide's northern suburbs. The name'Playford' comes from the recognition of Sir Thomas Playford, who played a part in the development of the area, was South Australia's premier from 1938-1965; the City covers an area of 345 km2, is home to 90,000 residents. Playford is the fastest growing local government area in South Australia; as of 2016 the city motto is: "a great place to live and play". The council members elected in November 2018 are: The city was formed in 1997 through the merger of the City of Elizabeth and the City of Munno Para, which were formed in 1955 and 1988, respectively. Prior to the 1950s, most of the area surrounding the townships of Munno Para and Elizabeth were farming estates. After the end of the Second World War and the accompanying shortage of materials, the state government decided that South Australia needed to grow and become an industrialized state. A "satellite city" was planned for the Elizabeth area, the South Australian Housing Trust initiated a housing development programme in the area, with a purchase of 3,000 acres of land.
The City of Elizabeth was formed on 16 November 1955, being named after Queen Elizabeth II, who visited the city in 1963. The first mayor of the City of Playford was Marilyn Baker, the last mayor of the City of Elizabeth, she continued to hold that role until the 2006 council elections, when she was narrowly defeated by Martin Lindsell, the last mayor of the City of Munno Para. After 1997, the council planned and built a number of new housing developments aimed at attracting young working couples and families in an attempt to rejuvenate the area. A new Civic Centre including council chambers, library and function centre was built. Other developments of the period included a new library in the Munno Para Shopping City in Smithfield, a revamp of the Elizabeth shopping centre, including an 8-screen cinema complex. In 2003 it was announced. Known as the Playford North Urban Regeneration project, it was expected that the population of the area would increase from 13,000 residents to 30,000 in 15 years and involve the demolition of most of the Housing SA homes.
The project has since been renamed "Playford Alive"."As part of the 30 year Plan for greater Adelaide, significant growth and investment is pouring into Playford from business. Increasing employment coupled with new land releases has driven population growth and improved living standards." Mayor Martin Lindsell was defeated in the 2010 local council election by Glenn Docherty, the council's youngest mayor. The council elected in 2010 started the creation of Playford Health Precinct around the Lyell McEwin Hospital; the SCT Logistics Rail Freight Terminal, opened in January 2011 provided for goods and services to be transported by road and rail more efficiently and quickly. Playford is to become the advanced distribution capital of South Australia; the A$750 million expansion within the RAAF Base Edinburgh, including facilities for 7th RAR, was completed in 2011. As of 2010 the council has been involved in discussions regarding expansion of the Elizabeth City Centre on to 30–40 hectares of land to the west of the train line.
As of 2011 the Playford council is working with the South Australian government to release 1,000 hectares of industrial land in the greater Edinburgh Parks region, with the intention of attracting and supporting 38,000 jobs in the northern part of Adelaide. In 2011, Mayor Docherty stated he aimed to make Elizabeth the second central business district of Adelaide, he envisaged a movement away from low density commercial and "quarter-acre block" housing to multiple storey mixed use commercial and residential developments in Elizabeth and other central parts of the council area. In April 2013 the council announced its 2043 Playford Community Vision. From 2012 to 2015 the council partnered with the University of Adelaide to launch the Stretton Centre, a physical home in Playford for research into regional innovation, its "anchor tenant" is the Adelaide University's Australian Workplace Innovation & Social Research Centre. Platyford Council was assisted by a A$11.3 million grant from the Australian Government for the research centre.
The Stretton Centre includes the Stretton Research Centre, the community library and private community meeting spaces and the Innovation Design Lab, to showcase new innovations and technologies in relevant to the community. Docherty was re-elected unopposed to continue as mayor in the 2014 local government elections; the City of Playford has had a number of visits by members of the Royal Family: 1963 visit by Queen Elizabeth II 1977 visit by Queen Elizabeth II 1986 visit by Duke of Edinburgh April 2014 visit by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Fremont Park is located east of the Elizabeth City Centre. Providing recreation and leisure facilities, the park features a large lake with fountain and waterfalls, a rotunda for band performances and two playgrounds; the park contains an adult fitness gym and is the host venue for many community events including Australia Day celebrations, school Holiday programs and other private functions. The Aquadome aquatic centre is the largest such facility in northern Adelaide.
Included in this multi-purpose facility are a 50-metre pool, a beach entry leisure pool, café, a creche, outdoor pinic areas, a large carpark, easy access to bus and rail transport. The Health Club, opened in 2009, contains a modern gym and fi
City of Port Adelaide Enfield
The City of Port Adelaide Enfield, located across inner north and north-western suburbs of Adelaide, is one of the largest metropolitan councils within South Australia. It was established on 26 March 1996 by the amalgamation of the City of Port Adelaide and the City of Enfield. Extending from the River Torrens to Outer Harbor, covering an area of 97 km², the Port Adelaide Enfield contains some of the South Australia's finest historical buildings and landmarks; the Port Adelaide area is known as the History Precinct, as it is home to the Maritime Museum, the National Railway Museum and the Aviation Museum. As of 2018 the current Mayor is Claire Boan, elected in 2018. There are 17 ward councillors who represent the residents and businesses of their wards at council meetings; the current council as of November 2018 is: The City of Port Adelaide Enfield was established on 26 March 1996 by the amalgamation of the City of Port Adelaide and the City of Enfield. The council of Port Adelaide was established on 27 December 1855 when Port Adelaide was declared a Corporate Town centred at the port of Adelaide, opened some years prior in 1837.
From 1884 to 1900 five adjacent district councils were amalgamated with the Corporate Town of Port Adelaide increasing its size. In 1901 Port Adelaide was proclaimed a city by Governor Tennyson. Centred around the township of Enfield, the District Council of Yatala south was formed in 1868 when the District Council of Yatala was divided in two. Dry Creek and the Dry Creek-Port Adelaide railway line formed the new council's northern boundary. In 1933, Yatala South was renamed to be Enfield council. In 1944 Enfield district council became a municipality and in 1953, thanks to the post-war boom in population, it was upgraded to city status. Johannes Gerardus Pieters Michael Charles Stock Johanna Maria Hendrika McLuskey Fiona Barr Gary Robert Johanson Claire Boan Local Government Areas of South Australia City of Port Adelaide James Millner, early alderman of Port Adelaide Council City of Enfield List of Adelaide parks and gardens Couper-Smartt, J. Port Adelaide: Tales from a "Commodious Harbour".
Friends of the South Australian Maritime Museum Inc. ISBN 0-646-42058-5. Official website City of Port Adelaide Enfield community profile Development Plan for Port Enfield area, September 2005
City of Mitcham
The City of Mitcham is a local government area in the foothills of southern Adelaide, South Australia. Within its bounds is Flinders University, South Australia's third largest, the notable, affluent suburb of Springfield which contains some of the city's most expensive properties; the council was founded on 10 May 1853 as the District Council of Mitcham and was the first local government area formally founded in South Australia after the City of Adelaide. It lost the part of the council west of Goodwood Road to the District Council of Brighton on 19 December 1854. In 1871, Unley and surrounding areas were severed from the Mitcham council to create the Corporate Town of Unley, it lost another area on 25 October 1883, when portions of the council around Stirling were detached to form the new District Council of Stirling. It gained city status in 1947; the City of Mitcham is divided into 6 wards, each of which elect 2 or 3 representatives to the Council. They cover suburbs as follows. Local Government Areas of South Australia List of Adelaide suburbs List of Adelaide parks and gardens City of Mitcham website City of Mitcham community profile Mitcham City Brass band website
Brighton, South Australia
Brighton is a coastal suburb of Adelaide, South Australia, situated between Seacliff and Glenelg and aside Holdfast Bay. Some notable features of the area are the Brighton-Seacliff Yacht Club, the Brighton Surf Lifesaving Club, the Brighton Jetty, a beach; the Windsor Theatre constructed in 1925 is a long-standing institution, showing cinema to the locals two films per night. Brighton Post Office opened on 27 August 1849. Brighton Jetty Post Office opened on 1 March 1950 and closed in 1979. Brighton became the seat of a newly-formed municipality, the Corporate Town of Brighton, in 1858; the first Brighton Town Hall was built in 1869 and was just the fourth Town Hall built in the colony of South Australia. The architect and builder was George William Highet who arrived in the colony in 1836 and served as a town clerk and inaugural councillor, he died in Brighton aged 80 years. The hall was constructed of stone from Ayliffe’s quarry in the Adelaide Hills laid on concrete foundations, it was used as the civic centre of the City of Brighton from 1869 until 1936 when it was leased by the RSL.
The second town hall was opened in 1937, at 24 Jetty Road, still fulfils a civic administration purpose. Brighton was the home of Antarctic explorer and academic Sir Douglas Mawson, he was buried at St Jude's Church Cemetery in the suburb. Brighton has a large sandy beach, patrolled by the Brighton Surf Lifesaving Club on Weekends and Public Holidays between November and March. Brighton Beach is popular for Adelaide beach goers as it is safe - rated as Least Hazardous by Surf Lifesaving. A sand replenishment program has been in operation for many years resulting in the beach sand dunes increasing through the program of replacing eroded sand and replanting of the dunes with plants and grasses. In summer, a sandbar forms in the water which can produce waves on windy days. Brighton is well known by local surfers for producing messy but fun'stormy sessions'; the Esplanade is an area of prime real estate, transformed over the years from a street of old cottages to new modern town houses. Brighton's Jetty Road runs perpendicular to the Esplanade and is home to many restaurants and the local hotel, known as "The Esplanade", or "Espy".
The first Brighton Jetty was weathered the sea and storms for over 100 years. The Brighton jetty was badly damaged by winter storms in the 1994; the jetty was rebuilt using funds supplied by a mobile phone service provider, hence the tower on the end of the jetty. In 1926 the women of Brighton erected a drinking fountain near the entrance of the jetty to commemorate the death of Kathleen Duncan Whyte, fatally attacked by a shark while swimming. Kitty taught swimming at Brighton for many years. In 1919 Kitty saved a swimmer from drowning and was awarded a Grand Diploma by the Royal Life Saving Society. At the shore end of the jetty is a War Memorial arch. Here, traditional Dawn Services are held annually on Anzac Day to commemorate fallen service men and women. Brighton is the home of the Brighton Jetty Classic, an Open Water Swim made up of the 1500 metre Brighton Jetty Classic Swim and the 400 metre Jetty Swim, aimed at first time open water swimmers; the Brighton Jetty Classic had its first year in 2006 when 800 swimmers completed the event.
It is an annual event, being hosted on the first Sunday in February. The 2010 event had over 1200 swimmers; the course is around the Brighton Jetty, which makes the Jetty a fantastic viewing platform for spectators. Although called Adelaide Brighton Cement, the cement works are located in the nearby suburb of Marino. City of Holdfast Bay The Brighton Jetty Classic The Brighton Surf Lifesaving Club Brighton Beach Summary from Surf Lifesaving Australia
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, the fifth-most populous city of Australia. In June 2017, Adelaide had an estimated resident population of 1,333,927. Adelaide is home to more than 75 percent of the South Australian population, making it the most centralised population of any state in Australia. Adelaide is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges which surround the city. Adelaide stretches 20 km from the coast to the foothills, 94 to 104 km from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south. Named in honour of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, queen consort to King William IV, the city was founded in 1836 as the planned capital for a freely-settled British province in Australia. Colonel William Light, one of Adelaide's founding fathers, designed the city and chose its location close to the River Torrens, in the area inhabited by the Kaurna people. Light's design set out Adelaide in a grid layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares, surrounded by parklands.
Early Adelaide was shaped by wealth. Until the Second World War, it was Australia's third-largest city and one of the few Australian cities without a convict history, it has been noted for early examples of religious freedom, a commitment to political progressivism and civil liberties. It has been known as the "City of Churches" since the mid-19th century, referring to its diversity of faiths rather than the piety of its denizens; the demonym "Adelaidean" is used in reference to its residents. As South Australia's seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various districts of the metropolitan area. Today, Adelaide is noted for its many festivals and sporting events, its food and wine, its long beachfronts, its large defence and manufacturing sectors, it ranks in terms of quality of life, being listed in the world's top 10 most liveable cities, out of 140 cities worldwide by The Economist Intelligence Unit.
It was ranked the most liveable city in Australia by the Property Council of Australia in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Before its proclamation as a British settlement in 1836, the area around Adelaide was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal nation. Kaurna culture and language were completely destroyed within a few decades of European settlement of South Australia, but extensive documentation by early missionaries and other researchers has enabled a modern revival of both. South Australia was proclaimed a British colony on 28 December 1836, near The Old Gum Tree in what is now the suburb of Glenelg North; the event is commemorated in South Australia as Proclamation Day. The site of the colony's capital was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light, the first Surveyor-General of South Australia, through the design made by the architect George Strickland Kingston. Adelaide was established as a planned colony of free immigrants, promising civil liberties and freedom from religious persecution, based upon the ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield.
Wakefield had read accounts of Australian settlement while in prison in London for attempting to abduct an heiress, realised that the eastern colonies suffered from a lack of available labour, due to the practice of giving land grants to all arrivals. Wakefield's idea was for the Government to survey and sell the land at a rate that would maintain land values high enough to be unaffordable for labourers and journeymen. Funds raised from the sale of land were to be used to bring out working-class emigrants, who would have to work hard for the monied settlers to afford their own land; as a result of this policy, Adelaide does not share the convict settlement history of other Australian cities like Sydney, Melbourne and Hobart. As it was believed that in a colony of free settlers there would be little crime, no provision was made for a gaol in Colonel Light's 1837 plan, but by mid-1837 the South Australian Register was warning of escaped convicts from New South Wales and tenders for a temporary gaol were sought.
Following a burglary, a murder, two attempted murders in Adelaide during March 1838, Governor Hindmarsh created the South Australian Police Force in April 1838 under 21-year-old Henry Inman. The first sheriff, Samuel Smart, was wounded during a robbery, on 2 May 1838 one of the offenders, Michael Magee, became the first person to be hanged in South Australia. William Baker Ashton was appointed governor of the temporary gaol in 1839, in 1840 George Strickland Kingston was commissioned to design Adelaide's new gaol. Construction of Adelaide Gaol commenced in 1841. Adelaide's early history was marked by questionable leadership; the first governor of South Australia, John Hindmarsh, clashed with others, in particular the Resident Commissioner, James Hurtle Fisher. The rural area surrounding Adelaide was surveyed by Light in preparation to sell a total of over 405 km2 of land. Adelaide's early economy started to get on its feet in 1838 with the arrival of livestock from Victoria, New South Wales and Tasmania.
Wool production provided an early basis for the South Australian economy. By 1860, wheat farms had been established from Encounter Bay in the south to Clare in the north. George Gawler took over from Hindmarsh in late 1838 and, despite being under orders from the Select Committee on South Australia in Britain not to undertake any public works, promptly oversaw construction of a governo
Gawler, South Australia
Gawler is the oldest country town on the Australian mainland in the state of South Australia, is named after the second Governor of the colony of South Australia, George Gawler. It is about 40–44 km north of the centre of the state capital, is close to the major wine producing district of the Barossa Valley. Topographically, Gawler lies at the confluence of two tributaries of the Gawler River, the North and South Para rivers, where they emerge from a range of low hills. A semi-rural area, Gawler has been swept up in Adelaide's growth in recent years, is now considered an outer northern suburb of Adelaide, it is counted as a suburb in the Outer Metro region of the Greater Adelaide Planning Region. A British colony, South Australia was established as a commercial venture by the South Australia Company through the sale of land to free settlers at £1 per acre. Gawler was established through a 4,000-acre "special survey" applied for by Henry Dundas Murray and John Reid and a syndicate of ten other colonists.
The town plan was devised by the colonial surveyor William Light, was the only town planned by him other than Adelaide. William Jacob laid out the town. Adelaide became a model of foresight with ample parklands. After Light's death, it became a model for numerous other planned towns in South Australia; as the only other town planned by Light, Gawler is dissimilar to Adelaide's one square mile grid. The parkland along the riverbanks and a Victorian preference for public squares are present, but Light was aware that he was planning a village, not a metropolis. Gawler prospered early with the discovery of copper nearby at Kapunda and Burra, which resulted in Gawler becoming a resting stop to and from Adelaide, it developed industries including flour milling by Hilfers & Co, the engineering works of James Martin & Co manufactured agricultural machinery and ore-processing machinery and smelters for the mines of Broken Hill and the Western Australian goldfields, steam locomotives and rolling stock.
May Brothers & Co. manufactured mining and agricultural machinery. With prosperity came a modest cultural flowering, the high point of, the holding of a competition to compose an anthem for Australia in 1859, four decades before nationhood; the result was the Song Of Australia, written by Caroline Carleton to music by Carl Linger. This became, in the next century, a candidate in a national referendum to choose a new National Anthem for Australia to replace God Save the Queen. Gawler had a horse street tram service from 1879 to 1931. Gawler is a commercial centre for the Mid-North districts of South Australia and a dormitory town for Adelaide. Gawler hosts stages of the annual cycling race, the Tour Down Under; the annual show is South Australia's largest country show. Show attendances attract an estimated 30,000 people over the weekend. Gawler is just over forty kilometres north of Adelaide city centre along Main North Road. Main North Road was the historic road to the Mid North region of South Australia.
North of Gawler, the road is now known as the Horrocks Highway. The Sturt Highway runs northeast from the north side of Gawler, leading to Nuriootpa, the Riverland and Sydney; the Barossa Valley Way runs east from the centre of Gawler into the Barossa Valley, was the original route of the Sturt Highway. The Thiele Highway leads north between the Horrocks and Sturt Highways to Freeling and Morgan; the Northern Expressway is a new highway to the southwest providing a bypass of Gawler as part of the North–South Corridor, Adelaide which will provide a non-stop road from south of Adelaide to Nuriootpa. Gawler railway station was the terminus of the railway from Adelaide from 1857; the railway was extended to Kapunda in 1860. Gawler became a junction station when a branch was constructed into the Barossa Valley in 1911; this is the line that provides the Gawler Gawler Central railway stations in Gawler. Gawler Central is now the terminus of the metropolitan rail services from Adelaide. Gawler's horse-drawn tram service opened in 1879.
It operated for both goods and passengers from the railway station along what is now Nineteenth Street and Murray Street to a terminus near where the Gawler Central station is now. It passed the James Martin & Co engineering factory, providing a convenient way to deliver heavy equipment such as locomotives manufactured there. Broad gauge locomotives were taken directly on the tramway, narrow gauge were transported on specially-built flat-bed trucks. There were sidings at May Brothers and Company and Dowson's Mill; the tram closed in 1931 replaced by a bus, the tracks lifted soon after. The tram route is now part of Adelaide Metro bus route number 491. Jack Bobridge, Australian Olympic cycling medallist Leslie Duncan, politician Bruce Eastick, politician Cecil Hincks, politician Justin Kurzel, film director Darren Lehmann, Former Australian cricketer, was born in Gawler in 1970 Lyn Lillecrapp, Paralympic swimmer Riley McGree, football player for Adelaide United Lisa Ondieki, Long distance runner and Olympic silver medallist Town of Gawler List of locomotive builders Town of Gawler website Gawler travel guide from Wikivoyage Gawler Now and Then