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Location parameter

In statistics, a location parameter of a probability distribution is a scalar- or vector-valued parameter x 0, which determines the "location" or shift of the distribution. In the literature of location parameter estimation, the probability distributions with such parameter are found to be formally defined in one of the following equivalent ways: either as having a probability density function or probability mass function f. A direct example of location parameter is the parameter μ of the normal distribution. To see this, note that the p.d.f. F of a normal distribution N can have the parameter μ factored out and be written as: g = 1 σ 2 π e − 1 2 2 thus fulfilling the first of the definitions given above; the above definition indicates, in the one-dimensional case, that if x 0 is increased, the probability density or mass function shifts rigidly to the right, maintaining its exact shape. A location parameter can be found in families having more than one parameter, such as location–scale families.

In this case, the probability density function or probability mass function will be a special case of the more general form f x 0, θ = f θ where x 0 is the location parameter, θ represents additional parameters, f θ is a function parametrized on the additional parameters. An alternative way of thinking of location families is through the concept of additive noise. If x 0 is a constant and W is random noise with probability density f W X = x 0 + W has probability density f x 0 = f W and its distribution is therefore part of a location family. For the continuous univariate case, consider a probability density function f, x ∈ ⊂ R, where θ is a vector of parameters. A location parameter x 0 can be added by defining: g = f, x ∈ it can be proved that g is a p.d.f. by verifying if it respects the two conditions g ≥ 0 and ∫ − ∞ ∞ g d x = 1. G integrates to 1 because: ∫ − ∞ ∞ g d x = ∫ a − x 0 b − x 0 g d x = ∫ a − x 0 b − x 0 f ( x

Fort Winnebago, Wisconsin

This article is about the town. For the historic U. S. Army fort of the same name, see Fort Winnebago. Fort Winnebago is a town in Columbia County, United States; the population was 855 at the 2000 census. The unincorporated community of Anacker is located in the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.0 square miles, of which, 33.5 square miles of it is land and 0.5 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 855 people, 325 households, 259 families residing in the town; the population density was 25.5 people per square mile. There were 343 housing units at an average density of 10.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.83% White, 0.12% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.23% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population. There were 325 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.8% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.3% were non-families.

16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 2.92. In the town, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $55,673, the median income for a family was $59,167. Males had a median income of $39,375 versus $24,931 for females; the per capita income for the town was $22,171. About 2.5% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. Henry Merrill, Wisconsin State Senator, was postmaster of the town. Jabez H. Wells, Wisconsin State Representative, was born in the town

IROC II

The second year of IROC competition took place over three weekends in 1974 and 1975. IROC II saw the use of the Chevrolet Camaro in all races, which replaced the Porsche Carrera RSR race cars used in the first year of competition; the only track carried over from the first year was Riverside International Raceway, as the series raced on the oval at Daytona International Speedway instead of the infield road course. Michigan International Speedway was added as the second oval in the schedule, which consisted of four races. Bobby Unser was the series champion, took home $41,000 for his efforts; the roster of drivers and final points standings were as follows: Bobby Unser Cale Yarborough David Pearson Bobby Allison George Follmer Emerson Fittipaldi Ronnie Peterson Johnny Rutherford A. J. Foyt Richard Petty Graham Hill Jody Scheckter Emerson Fittipaldi George Follmer A. J. Foyt David Pearson Richard Petty Jody Scheckter Ronnie Peterson Cale Yarborough Johnny Rutherford Graham Hill Bobby Unser Bobby Allison Bobby Allison Bobby Unser Emerson Fittipaldi A. J. Foyt George Follmer Graham Hill Johnny Rutherford Ronnie Peterson Cale Yarborough Richard Petty David Pearson Jody Scheckter Bobby Unser A. J. Foyt Cale Yarborough Bobby Allison David Pearson Emerson Fittipaldi Ronnie Peterson George Follmer Johnny Rutherford IROC II History - IROC Website

46th New York State Legislature

The 46th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 7 to April 24, 1823, during the first year of Joseph C. Yates's governorship, in Albany. A Constitutional Convention met from August 28 to November 10, 1821, the new Constitution was adopted by the voters in January 1822. Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1821, 32 Senators were elected on general tickets in eight senatorial districts for four-year terms, they were divided into four classes, every year eight Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually; the new Constitution legislated Gov. DeWitt Clinton and Lt. Gov. John Tayler out of office at the end of 1822. Besides, the Council of Appointment was abolished, the State officers were to be elected by the State Legislature. On April 12, 1822, the Legislature re-apportioned the Assembly districts.

All existing multiple-county districts were dismembered, every county became a district. The total number of assemblymen was increased from 126 to 128. On April 17, 1822, the Legislature enacted that future State elections be held on the first Monday in November and the two succeeding days. At this time New York politics were dominated by the Bucktails faction of the Democratic-Republican Party; the opposing Democratic-Republican faction, the "Clintonians" disappeared after DeWitt Clinton decided not to run in the New York gubernatorial election, 1822. In some districts Clintonian or Federalist Senate and Assembly tickets were put up in opposition to the Bucktails, but without much success; the Bucktails nominated Supreme Court Justice Joseph C. Yates for Governor, Erastus Root for Lieutenant Governor; the Clintonians made no nomination for Governor, but nominated Henry Huntington for Lieutenant Governor. Solomon Southwick nominated himself for Governor; the State election was held from November 4 to 6, 1822.

Joseph C. Yates and Erastus Root were elected. All 32 State senators were elected on the regular Democratic-Republican tickets; the Legislature met at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 7, 1823, adjourned on April 24. Peter R. Livingston was elected Speaker with 117 votes out of 123. On January 27, the Senate rejected the re-appointment of Chief Justice Ambrose Spencer and Associate Supreme Court Justices Jonas Platt and John Woodworth. On January 28, Gov. Yates nominated State Comptroller John Savage as Chief Justice. On January 29, Savage and Sutherland were confirmed. Thereupon Gov. Yates re-nominated Woodworth, confirmed after some debate by a slim margin. On February 13, the Legislature elected Secretary of State John Van Ness Yates, Attorney General Samuel A. Talcott and Surveyor General Simeon De Witt to succeed themselves. On March 31, the Legislature appointed Edwin Croswell and Isaac Q. Leake as State Printers. On April 17, the Legislature enacted that there shall be eight New York State Circuit Courts, one in each senatorial district.

Gov. Yates nominated as judges: Ogden Edwards. Rochester, they were confirmed on April 21. The First District consisted of Kings, New York, Queens and Suffolk counties; the Second District consisted of Dutchess, Putnam, Sullivan and Westchester counties. The Third District consisted of Albany, Greene, Rensselaer and Schoharie counties; the Fourth District consisted of Clinton, Franklin, Montgomery, St. Lawrence, Saratoga and Washington counties; the Fifth District consisted of Herkimer, Lewis, Madison and Oswego counties. The Sixth District consisted of Broome, Cortland, Otsego and Tompkins counties; the Seventh District consisted of Cayuga, Onondaga and Seneca counties. The Eighth District consisted of Allegany, Chautauqua, Genesee, Monroe and Steuben counties; the asterisk denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. James Burt and Byram Green changed from the Assembly to the Senate. Under the provisions of the new Constitution, upon taking office the senators were classified by drawing lots to terms of one, three or four years, as shown in the table below.

Clerk: John F. Bacon The asterisk denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature. Peter R. Livingston changed from the Senate to the Assembly. Clerk: Edward Livingston Sergeant-at-Arms: Henry Fryer Doorkeeper: James Myers Assistant Doorkeeper: Richard Ten Broeck The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond Election result Assembly, Clinton Co. at project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted by Tufts University Dig

Tony Franken

Anthony Franken is a former Australian goalkeeper. He represented Australia on 14 occasions between 1984–1992 and represented his country at Under-20 level at the 1983 World Youth Cup Finals in Mexico and at Under-23 level in 1984. Tony started playing junior soccer for East Fremantle Tricolore before he played for many professional clubs in Australia including Sydney Croatia, APIA Leichhardt, Perth Glory, Sydney Olympic, Parramatta Eagles and Canberra City, he was awarded the NSL Under 21 Player of the Year in 1984. He is on the coaching staff for the Australian national team. Player Statistics at www.ozfootball.net

Help the Aged Canada

HelpAge Canada is a non-denominational, non-profit charity in Canada dedicated to assisting impoverished older persons living in Canada and the developing world. HelpAge Canada was known as Help the Aged until Fall 2010. HelpAge Canada offers programs for impoverished older persons in eleven developing countries worldwide. Programs focus on primary health care, agro-forestry, food aid, emergency assistance, capacity building and sponsorship. All of HelpAge Canada's overseas programs are coordinated through local charitable organizations such as the Oblate missionaries, SOFEPADI, Ahero Joot Social Services, the Salvation Army and the St. Vincent de Paul Society, they work in collaboration with other international nongovernmental organizations. HelpAge Canada obtains its funding from Federal and Provincial government sources and foundations, individual donors to support their programs. Primary Government sources include Human Resources and Skills Development Canada and the Canadian International Development Agency.

Over 50% of their funding is raised through general donations and donations in-kind. Government income is used to supplement general donations. Administration costs were 2.7% in 2009-10, fund-raising costs were 6.2%. HelpAge Canada is governed by an elected volunteer Board of Directors; the Board appoints Management Committees to advise the Executive Director, hired by the Board of Directors. The charity receives support and professional expertise through its affiliate membership with HelpAge International and through its membership with organizations such as the Alberta Wild Rose Foundation. Among the many issues tackled by HelpAge Canada are: Poverty among older people. Isolation and loneliness. International Development Microcredit Ageism Prevention Neglect Prevention Elder Abuse Prevention AIDS Prevention Disaster Relief HelpAge Canada Financial Audit Report, 2009/10 HelpAge Canada Annual Report, 2010 HelpAge Canada HelpAge International Canadian International Development Agency Human Resources and Skills Development Canada Adopt a Gran Program Overseas Programs Canadian Programs Youth Internship Program