Lockport is a city and the county seat of Niagara County, New York, surrounded by the town of Lockport. The population was 21,165 at the 2010 census, with an estimated population of 20,434 as of 2018, it is named from a set of Erie Canal locks within the city. It is part of the Buffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area; the New York State Legislature authorized the Erie Canal's construction in April 1816. The route proposed by surveyors was to traverse an area in central Niagara County, New York, "uncivilized" and free of White settlers. At the time, the nearest settlers were in New York; as it became known where the proposed canal was to be built, land speculators began to buy large plots along and near the proposed route of the canal. By December 1820, when the exact location of the step locks had been determined, the area that would become Lockport was owned by only fifteen men, many of whom were Quakers; the canal reached Lockport in 1824, but the Flight of Five Locks were not completed until 1825.
By 1829, Lockport was an established village. The community was centered on the locks, consisted of immigrant Scottish and Irish canal workers brought in as labor; the workers remained in Lockport after the completion of the locks, giving the city a heavy Celtic influence still discernible today in the Lowertown and North Lockport neighborhoods. The city of Lockport was incorporated in 1865; the Erie Canal was supplanted by the larger New York State Barge Canal in 1918, the famous south "flight of five" locks was replaced by two much larger locks E34 and E35. The north "flight of five" lock. In recent years public officials and private businesses have made an effort to incorporate Lockport history into a regional or national tourist attraction; this includes the completion of the Canal Discovery Center, the Lockport Cave and Underground Boat Ride tour, the Lockport Locks and Erie Canal Cruises. Local officials are seeking state grants to reconstruct the historic "flight of five" and make it a living history site complete with boat rides and reenactors.
Published reports state a living history site in Lockport marketed as a day trip from Niagara Falls could draw thousands to Lockport each year. The city has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places, they include the: Bacon-Merchant-Moss House, Col. William M. and Nancy Ralston Bond House, Chase-Crowley-Keep House, Chase-Hubbard-Williams House, Nathan Comstock Jr. House, Conkey House, Day Peckinpaugh, Dole House, Gibbs House and Locust Streets Historic District, Hopkins House, House at 8 Berkley Drive, Lockport Industrial District, Lowertown Historic District, Maloney House, Benjamin C. Moore Mill, Niagara County Courthouse and County Clerk's Office, Thomas Oliver House, Pound–Hitchins House, Stickney House, Union Station, United States Post Office, Peter D. Walter House, Watson House, White-Pound House. Lockport's largest employer is General Motors Components, the former Harrison Radiator Corporation, founded locally in 1912 and which became a division of General Motors Corporation in 1918.
After 10 years of ownership by Delphi Corporation as Delphi Thermal Systems, it returned to General Motors in October 2009. In 1948, the Lockport Chief of Police denied a permit for a Jehovah's Witnesses minister to preach in a public park using a sound truck. In Saia v. New York, the U. S. Supreme Court struck down the city ordinance as a violation of the First Amendment. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles, of which 8.5 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. The Erie Canal passes through the center of the city, it climbs the Niagara Escarpment through a series of two modern locks. A double set of five combined smaller locks were used. Lockport is at the junction of several major truck roads, including NY Route 78, NY Route 31, NY Route 77 and NY Route 93, it is 17 miles north of Interstate 90 via NY Route 78. Lockport lies in the 716 Area Code; the Lockport Locks and Erie Canal Cruises boat rides are offered on the Erie Canal, with one proceeding upward through the modern locks for a short cruise, returning to pass downstream under two lift bridges and returning to the docks.
The Lockport Erie Canal Museum is in an old lock control structure between the modern Locks 34 & 35 and the remaining original "Flight of Five" Locks spillway and contains historic photographs, engineering drawings and antique machinery. The Canal Discovery Center is housed in an old church about 100 yards to the west of the locks. Lockport has the widest bridge in North America; the Lockport Cave and Underground Boat Ride tour can be taken near the locks. The Niagara County Historical Society, at 215 Niagara Street, is a complex of buildings that tell the story of Niagara County history. 100 American Craftsmen is an annual show of crafts held at the Kenan Arena. The arena is on the historic Kenan Center campus. Ida Fritz park plays host to the Taste of Lockport every August and to a Cruise Night every Monday during the summer. Lockport added a new ice rink for the Clarence Mustangs and Lockport Express called Cornerstone Arena. At the 2010 census, there were 21,165 people, 9,153 households and 5,172 families residing in the city.
There were 10,092 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 87.5% White, 7.2% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the populati
Roser Caminals-Heath is an author and professor. She earned her Bachelor's, Master's, Doctoral degrees at the University of Barcelona, she is the author of five novels written in Catalan. She has translated other authors novels like, The House of Ulloa, by Emilia Pardo Bazán, A Matter of Self-Esteem and Other Stories by Carme Riera, the latter in cooperation with 1994 Hood College graduate Holly Cashman, she has published a non-fiction book, La seducció americana, about her experiences in the United States, as well as essays and reviews in professional journals such as The Georgia Review and The American Book Review. She joined Hood College faculty in 1981. Cinc-cents bars i una llibreria, a novel.. La seducció americana La dona de mercuri La petita mort El carrer dels Tres Llits Un segle de prodigis La mujer de mercurio La pequeña muerte Amores oscuros Once Remembered, Twice Lived. Peter Lang Publishing, 1993) The Street of the Three Beds. University Press of the South, 2011. BTV TV3 Vilaweb Vimeo
Allen Street Historic District is a historic district encompassing a collection of smaller textile mills in central Woonsocket, Rhode Island. The district extends on either side of Allen Street, a road isolated between Truman Drive and the Blackstone River, includes buildings dating from c. 1860 to c. 1930. Of the five textile mill buildings in the district, four are brick structures built between about 1900 and 1920; the latter is adjacent to a rare visible fragment of the once-extensive canal works that characterized the industrial center of Woonsocket. Many of the district's buildings have been converted to housing; the district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. National Register of Historic Places listings in Providence County, Rhode Island