Lockwood, North Yorkshire

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Lockwood
Civil parish
Location of Lockwood
Coordinates: 54°32′20″N 0°58′01″W / 54.539°N 0.967°W / 54.539; -0.967Coordinates: 54°32′20″N 0°58′01″W / 54.539°N 0.967°W / 54.539; -0.967
CountryEngland
CountyRedcar and Cleveland
RegionNorth East England
StatusParish
Government
 • TypeParish Council
 • UK ParliamentMiddlesbrough South and East Cleveland
 • EU ParliamentNorth East England
Area
 • Total3,951 ha (9,763 acres)
Population
 • Total3,708
 • Density94/km2 (240/sq mi)

Lockwood is a civil parish in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland with ceremonial association with North Yorkshire, England. The population of Lockwood ward in the Redcar and Cleveland Unitary authority taken at the 2011 census was 2,022.[2]

The parish was historically in the North Riding of Yorkshire until 1974, when it was transferred to Cleveland. In 1996, it was given to the newer county of North Yorkshire.[3]

Description[edit]

The larger part of the parish (to the south) is rural with a small section of moorland in the North York Moors National Park; the parish covers over 3,950 hectares (9,800 acres) of land between Guisborough to the west, Skinningrove to the north, Staithes to the east and Commondale to the south.[4]

The A171 road runs diagonally north/south across the bottom corner of the parish and just south of Lockwood Beck is Lockwood Beck Reservoir;[5] the reservoir covers a surface area of 33 acres (13.2 hectares) and has a perimeter of 1 mile (1.5 km). It was built in 1872 and feeds water into Lockwood Beck, which flows into the North Sea at Skinningrove as Kilton Beck;[6][7] the reservoir is noted for its fishery and wildlife, with nathusius’ pipistrelle bats and ospreys being recorded at the site.[8][9]

The southern part of the parish is peppered with Neolithic Barrows and scheduled monuments,[10][11] whereas the north part is more populated and has a history of ironstone mining. Both Kilton and Lingdale had mines that supplied iron to the forges and smelters on Teesside;[12] these were linked via industrial railways into the national network at Boosbeck.[13]

The hamlet of Kilton has the now grade I listed ruins of a 13th century castle.[14] A timber constructed castle had existed on the site previously to the stone being built between 1190 and 1200, it was partially abandoned in the 14th century and by the 16th century, it was described as being worthless.[15]

Lockwood is the location of one of three ventilation shafts for the new tunnel carrying polyhalite from Woodsmith Mine to Wilton on Teesside. Roadworks to accommodate new traffic on the A171 road were completed in 2017 with groundworks on the shaft and tunnel being started in 2018.[16]

The parish includes the hamlets and villages of;[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Lockwood Parish (E04000264)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  2. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Lockwood Ward (as of 2011) (E05001513)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  3. ^ "East Cleveland Registration District". ukmbd.org.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  4. ^ "ONS Geography Linked Data | Lockwood". statistics.data.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  5. ^ "OL27" (Map). North York Moors - Eastern area. 1:25,000. Explorer. Ordnance Survey. 2016. ISBN 9780319242667.
  6. ^ "Recording our shared Industrial Heritage". www.industrialhistoryonline.co.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Lockwood Beck Reservoir overview". environment.data.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Nathusius' Pipistrelle". nhsn.ncl.ac.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Cleveland Local Group - The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds". ww2.rspb.org.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Round barrow on the summit of Brown Hill (1018769)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Two round barrows on Moorsholm Moor known as Black Howes (1015446)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  12. ^ Chapman, N A; Chapman, S A (1985). "Lumpsey Ironstone Mine". British Mining : memoirs of the Northern Mine Research Society. Skipton: Northern Mine Research Society (28): 2. ISSN 0308-2199.
  13. ^ Bairstow, Martin (2008). Railways around Whitby : Scarborough - Whitby - Saltburn, Malton - Goathland - Whitby, Esk Valley, Forge Valley and Gilling lines. Farsley: Martin Bairstow. p. 32. ISBN 9781871944341.
  14. ^ Historic England. "Remains of Kilton Castle  (Grade I) (1136489)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  15. ^ Historic England. "Kilton Castle: tower keep castle 130m east of Castle Cottages (1018946)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  16. ^ Cain, James (20 April 2017). "Roadworks to start near Teesside as part of £2bn mine plan". Gazette Live. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  17. ^ "Your Parish - Lockwood Parish Council". www.lockwoodpc.co.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2019.

External links[edit]