Le Lieu unique
The lieu unique is the national center for contemporary arts and music venue in Nantes, France. Opened on January 1, 2000, it is housed in a former biscuit factory at the center of the city, it is now directed, by Patrick Gyger. Scène nationale of Nantes, the lieu unique is a space for artistic exploration, cultural effervescence and conviviality, it mixes genres and publics. It heralds a spirit for curiosity in the different areas of arts: visual arts, dance, music, philosophy and cuisine. A place for meddling, the lieu unique is the home, next to the spaces dedicated to creation, of a bar, a restaurant, a bookstore, a hammam, a day nursery and a gift shop; the iconic tower of the former factory, with a view on the city, can be visited. Every year the lieu unique presents dozens of shows, residencies for artists, recurring events and festivals, workshops. Mixing of artistic forms Abolition of the boundaries between disciplines and between the scene and the public Diffusion of a culture as popular as experimental Renewing the artistic formsAll year long, the different departments of the lieu unique program with regional and international vocations.
"A factory producing the imaginary", the lieu unique follows a certain idea of cultural development: "We don’t want to build a theater but more a center of arts open permanently to the audience. LU must become both a European platform for contemporary arts. That's and not beside the spaces kept for artistic creation. To the contrary, they here as a support to this creation, thought to preserve it from the temptation of isolation, to connect it to life. LU must be unique, in the sense of extraordinary. A place that will let neither the artist nor the work in peace." During the 20th century, it was a Lefèvre-Utile factory. Today, the building is; the demolition of the manufacturer’s site started in 1974. It only left the building where the lieu unique is now; the disused spaces became a cultural squat. In 1994, it welcomed the 4th installment of the festival Les Allumées. Created by a local and nomad association, the CRDC, this festival featured during 6 days and 6 nights, artists from big cities in the world: Barcelona, St Petersburg, Buenos Aires, Cairo.
Jean Blaise, director of the CRDC, wanted to settle on a permanent basis in this place. He submitted a cultural project to Jean-Marc Ayrault, mayor of Nantes: to create a place where life would spontaneously be side by side with art, in its more contemporary or disturbing ways; the project included spaces of services. The city bought the building in 1995, it was escaped from demolition. It welcomed new cultural events from the CRDC: June 1996, Trafics: marché de l’art et trafic de spectacles in June 1996, Cuisines et Performances in June 1997, Fin de siècle in Johannesburg in October 1997, Fin de siècle in New York in 1998; the tower is built again. The factory is renovated by the architect Patrick Bouchain, respecting the industrial identity of the site. Jean Blaise and his team opened the lieu unique on the 30th of December 1999, during the "End of century" festival in Nantes; this opening was marked by the Grenier du siècle. A translucent double wall was designed to receive an important collection of objects given by the population.
Put in cans, these objects are going to stay a whole century in this Store, until its opening on 1 January 2100 at 5pm. Official website
Togusa is the second most prominently featured male character in Masamune Shirow's Ghost in the Shell manga and anime series. In Stand Alone Complex, as well as the original Ghost in the Shell film, it is stated that he is the youngest member of Section 9 and the only family man, his voice is provided by Kōichi Yamadera in most of his Japanese-speaking appearances, while Hirotaka Suzuoki provides his voice in the Ghost in the Shell PlayStation game. In the film's English dub he is voiced by Christopher Joyce, while Crispin Freeman performs his voice in the English dub of the TV series and the English dub of Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence. Togusa has not undergone cybernetic replacement in some manner as he had been referred to as a natural. Brought to the team by Daisuke Aramaki from the Keishichō, Togusa is an asset for "his new perspective, human intuition and analytical skills for their investigation of cyborg crimes." Section 9 recruited Togusa for his excellent detective work, incorruptible idealism, his lack of cyberization.
The Major's reasoning for his inclusion was that he would add an element of variety and unpredictability to the group. He has a strong love for vintage items, preferring a Mateba revolver over more modern sidearms. In the manga, he is cybernetic like all other members. According to character designer Hajime Shimomura, he did the designs of Togusa based on him being the gentle lion. In addition, Shimomura mentions that he was hard to do since his appearance in the manga looks deformed. Togusa is one of the few humans in Section 9 who hasn't gotten any cybernetic upgrades, one of the few who doesn't have any military background; this makes him an interesting counterpoint to some of the other characters on the force, offer a unique outlook. "Togusa is interesting in the sense that he is the only member of the team, wholly human and is proud of it," said Han. "I think. It’s reflected in his choice of weaponry, the mateba revolver and of course his choice in the mullet for a hairstyle." Togusa is 27 years old and the father of a young daughter.
In the S. A. C. Universe, he has a son. Togusa's personality varies somewhat between the manga and series. In the manga he tends to be emotional and plagued with feelings of failure, he tends to be the most emotional and temperamental, getting so outraged at one criminal committing murder right under his nose in an episode of Ghost in the Shell: S. A. C. 2nd GIG he wounded the man and ends up on trial. He seems friendly with Batou and he was arguably the one who cracked the Laughing Man case, his history as an uncorrupted detective is one of the reasons he was recruited, to add an element of variety and unpredictability to the team. Togusa is the only member of Section 9 to have not come from the military as he was from Section 1, which makes him feel somewhat insecure in his abilities at times, he is fond of his archaic Mateba Autorevolver, opting to use it over the standard-issue Seburo M5 in the field, citing that it cannot jam and that "six bullets is enough to get the job done", a decision which everyone inquires about occasionally.
Togusa is introduced in the 1995 film by Mamoru Oshii right at the beginning in a short scene in a surveillance van with Batou, but he is not identified. We get to know him when he is driving an armored van while Major Motoko Kusanagi dons her police armor in the back, he establishes his newness to the group by asking the Major why she requested he be transferred from the police to Section 9, the Major answers him by stating that different skills and ideas are necessary in the unit, because homogenization equals death in their line of work. Togusa's police instincts come into play when he suspects something untoward involving Section 6, leading up to the theft of The Puppet Master. GITS2 takes place in the years after the events of the first film, featuring a cold, emotionless Batou as the lead. Togusa knows he is upset at the disappearance of Major Kusanagi and is meek in this film. In Stand Alone Complex, several episodes involving an illegally used wiretap called an Interceptor refer to his background as a detective in the police force and his subsequent recruitment into Section 9.
He is pretty much the only character other than Batou whose history is shown in the first season since the other members of Section 9 appear in certain episodes. Despite this background revelation, his first name has not yet been mentioned, he is the least-augmented member of Section 9, although he can still fare well in melee combat against cyborgs. All he has is the implanted cyber-brain, just like Chief Aramaki, he is somewhat skeptical of the blurring of the lines between man and machine, but he suffers the worst injuries due to being human. In the manga, he is hospitalized after being caught near a bomb blast. In Stand Alone Complex, he's shot while doing an investigation and wonders aloud if he shouldn't be a full cyborg; when Aramaki is taken away for questioning, Togusa is arrested and detained for some time before being released. He is shown working at the security company, his official cover while working for the government and is unaware of the fate of the other members for several months leaving him out of the loop because he was being monitored heavily.
Eric Sheridan Prydz known by his aliases Pryda and Cirez D, is a Swedish DJ, record producer, musician. He rose to fame with his 2004 hit single "Call on Me", saw continued chart success with "Proper Education" in 2007, "Pjanoo" in 2008. In 2016, he released Opus. In 2017, he won DJ of the Year at the Electronic Music Awards and was nominated for Live Act of the Year. Prydz is best known for his 2004 hit single "Call on Me", which samples the Steve Winwood hit "Valerie", it topped the UK singles chart for five weeks and was number one on the German Top 100 for six consecutive weeks. Although this track made him immensely popular, Prydz has stopped playing it in his shows in an attempt to distance himself from it. In some respects he has succeeded, with his newer songs, Prydz has gained recognition from both underground and mainstream fans. In 2006, he released a remixed version of Pink Floyd's "Another Brick in the Wall, Part 2", titled "Proper Education", with a video. In 2008, Prydz released the critically acclaimed single "Pjanoo".
Together with Axwell, Sebastian Ingrosso and Steve Angello, Prydz formed a group of DJs that informally referred to themselves as the Swedish House Mafia. When the group with the same name formed in late 2008, Prydz decided not to join his friends, he has collaborated with Axwell with Angello as A&P Project. In 2009, Prydz released "Miami to Atlanta"; the Pryda snare is a popular technique in house and trance music consisting of using a compressed and sustained snare sample at the end of a bar. Used to mark progressions in a song structure, it has been sampled in the electronic dance music world, notably by producers such as Martin Garrix, Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike, W&W. On 21 May 2012, Prydz released his debut artist album, Eric Prydz Presents Pryda, as a 3-disc album on Virgin Records. Disc 1 is made up of new unreleased Pryda productions, which some fans may have heard as works in progress. Discs 2 and 3 bring together many of the classic tracks from the Pryda catalogue and continuously mixed by the man himself, including some of his special re-edits.
The Ministry of Sound club in London hosted the launch of Eric Prydz Presents Pryda on 14 April 2012, where Prydz played some of the tracks from the album. Inserting the CD in a computer and visiting Prydz's Facebook page provides access to a download of'Tijuana', a track known as'Space Miami ID' in. WAV format, his 2013 Essential Mix was named Essential Mix of the Year by Pete Tong. 2014 was the 10th year of Prydz's label Pryda Recordings, as a result, on 9 January 2014, Prydz announced a special upcoming artist album, due for release that year. On 4 May 2015, Prydz announced PRDA, a collection of unreleased tracks from January 2004 to December 2014. PRDA was released over three EPs, leading up to an album release in February 2016. On 19 May 2014, Prydz announced via social media the third installment of his concert, Eric Prydz in Concert, titled EPIC 3.0. Promising the'world's largest indoor hologram', new music, new visuals, the show was to be held at Madison Square Garden during the Fall. Prydz performed his EPIC 3.0 show on 27 September 2014, playing a large range of new and unreleased material.
The show incorporated a 20m, 4K hologram, 32 lasers. On 4 July 2015, Prydz was the first DJ with a set featured as a "One Mix" on Beats 1, the worldwide radio station on Apple Music. On 5 February 2016, Prydz released his debut studio album Opus. In October 2015, Kieran Hebden released a remix of the title track under Four Tet. On 28 June 2016, Prydz collaborated with Luke Versalko from Mashable to produce a short documentary that details the making of his Epic 4.0 show. In June of 2016 he appeared on Insomniacs Night Owl Radio Aside from producing music, Prydz runs the record labels Pryda, Pryda Friends and Mouseville, which release most of his own music. On Pryda, he releases music as Pryda. On Mouseville Records, started in 2002, he releases techno tracks as Cirez D. Prydz has a fear of flying, which means he tours on a bus, he resides in California. Studio albums Opus Official website
Carlo Scarpa was an Italian architect, influenced by the materials and the history of Venetian culture, Japan. Scarpa translated his interests in history, regionalism and the techniques of the artist and craftsman into ingenious glass and furniture design. Scarpa was born in Venice. Much of his early childhood was spent in Vicenza, where his family relocated when he was 2 years old. After his mother's death when he was 13, he moved with his brother back to Venice. Carlo attended the Academy of Fine Arts. Graduated from the Accademia in Venice, with the title of Professor of Architecture, he apprenticed with the architect Francesco Rinaldo. Scarpa married Nini Lazzari. However, Scarpa refused to sit the pro forma professional exam administrated by the Italian Government after World War II; as a consequence, he was not permitted to practice architecture without associating with an architect. Hence, those who worked with him, his clients, craftspersons, called him "Professor", rather than "architect".
His architecture is sensitive to the changes of time, from seasons to history, rooted in a sensuous material imagination. He was Mario Botta's thesis adviser along with Giuseppe Mazzariol. Scarpa taught drawing and Interior Decoration at the "Istituto universitario di architettura di Venezia" from the late 1940s until his death. While most of his built work is located in the Veneto, he made designs of landscapes and buildings, for other regions of Italy as well as Canada, the United States, Saudi Arabia and Switzerland, his name has 11 letters and this is used in his architecture. One of his last projects, the Villa Palazzetto in Monselice, left incomplete at the time of his death, was altered in October 2006 by his son Tobia; this work is one of Scarpa's most ambitious landscape and garden projects, the Brion Sanctuary notwithstanding. It was executed for Aldo Businaro, the representative for Cassina, responsible for Scarpa's first trip to Japan. Aldo Businaro died in August 2006, a few months before the completion of the new stair at the Villa Palazzetto, built to commemorate Scarpa's centenary.
In 1978, while in Sendai, Scarpa died after falling down a flight of concrete stairs. He survived for ten days in a hospital before succumbing to the injuries of his fall, he is buried standing up and wrapped in linen sheets in the style of a medieval knight, in an isolated exterior corner of his L-shaped Brion Cemetery at San Vito d'Altivole in the Veneto. In 1984, the Italian composer Luigi Nono dedicated to him the composition for orchestra in micro-intervals A Carlo Scarpa, Architetto, Ai suoi infiniti possibili. Gallerie dell'Accademia, Italy Padiglione del libro d'arte, Giardini di Castello, La Biennale, Venice, 1950 - 1952 Palazzo Abatellis: La Galleria Di Sicilia, Palermo, 1953-54 Palazzo Ca'Foscari, Italy 1935 – 1956 Venezuelan Pavilion, La Biennale, Italy. Veritti House, Italy, 1955 - 1961 Museo Canova di Possagno, Italy, 1955 - 1957 Museo di Castelvecchio, Italy, 1956 – 1964 Negozio Olivetti, piazza S. Marco, Italy, 1957 – 1958 Fondazione Querini Stampalia, Venice, 1961–1963 Brion Tomb and Sanctuary, at San Vito d'Altivole, Italy, 1969 – 1978 Banca Popolare di Verona, Italy, 1973 - 1978 Francesco Dal Co.
Carlo Scarpa: Opera Completa. Milan: Electa. Francesco Dal Co. Carlo Scarpa: The Complete Works. Milan: Electa. Maria Antonietta Crippa, edited by Marina Loffi Randolin.. Carlo Scarpa: Theory, Projects. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press Nicholas Olsberg, et al.. Carlo Scarpa Architect: Intervening With History. Montréal, Quebec: Canadian Center for Architecture. Carlo Scarpa: architetto poeta. London: RIBA. Sergio Los. Carlo Scarpa, guida all’architettura. Venice: Arsenale. Sergio Los. SCARPA. Taschen, Koln. Franca Semi. A Lezione Con Carlo Scarpa. Venice: Cicero Carla Sonego. Carlo Scarpa. Gli anni della formazione. Venice: IUAV. McCarter, Robert. "Carlo Scarpa." Phaidon Press, 2017. ISBN 978-0-7148-7420-3 Digital Archive of Carlo Scarpa Carlo Scarpa at archINFORM
A novel is a long work of narrative fiction written in prose form, and, published as a book. The entire genre has been seen as having "a continuous and comprehensive history of about two thousand years", with its origins in classical Greece and Rome, in medieval and early modern romance, in the tradition of the Italian renaissance novella. Murasaki Shikibu's Tale of Genji has been described as the world's first novel. Spread of printed books in China led to the appearance of classical Chinese novels by the Ming dynasty. Parallel European developments occurred after the invention of the printing press. Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote, is cited as the first significant European novelist of the modern era. Ian Watt, in The Rise of the Novel, suggested that the modern novel was born in the early 18th century. Walter Scott made a distinction between the novel, in which "events are accommodated to the ordinary train of human events and the modern state of society" and the romance, which he defined as "a fictitious narrative in prose or verse.
However, many such romances, including the historical romances of Scott, Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights and Herman Melville's Moby-Dick, are frequently called novels, Scott describes romance as a "kindred term". This sort of romance is in turn different from the genre fiction love romance novel. Other European languages do not distinguish between romance and novel: "a novel is le roman, der Roman, il romanzo, en roman." A novel is a fictional narrative which describes intimate human experiences. The novel in the modern era makes use of a literary prose style; the development of the prose novel at this time was encouraged by innovations in printing, the introduction of cheap paper in the 15th century. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the Italian novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the Latin novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new". Most European languages use the word "romance" for extended narratives.
A fictional narrativeFictionality is most cited as distinguishing novels from historiography. However this can be a problematic criterion. Throughout the early modern period authors of historical narratives would include inventions rooted in traditional beliefs in order to embellish a passage of text or add credibility to an opinion. Historians would invent and compose speeches for didactic purposes. Novels can, on the other hand, depict the social and personal realities of a place and period with clarity and detail not found in works of history. Literary proseWhile prose rather than verse became the standard of the modern novel, the ancestors of the modern European novel include verse epics in the Romance language of southern France those by Chrétien de Troyes, in Middle English. In the 19th century, fictional narratives in verse, such as Lord Byron's Don Juan, Alexander Pushkin's Yevgeniy Onegin, Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Aurora Leigh, competed with prose novels. Vikram Seth's The Golden Gate, composed of 590 Onegin stanzas, is a more recent example of the verse novel.
Content: intimate experienceBoth in 12th-century Japan and 15th-century Europe, prose fiction created intimate reading situations. On the other hand, verse epics, including the Odyssey and Aeneid, had been recited to a select audiences, though this was a more intimate experience than the performance of plays in theaters. A new world of individualistic fashion, personal views, intimate feelings, secret anxieties, "conduct", "gallantry" spread with novels and the associated prose-romance. LengthThe novel is today the longest genre of narrative prose fiction, followed by the novella. However, in the 17th century, critics saw the romance as of epic length and the novel as its short rival. A precise definition of the differences in length between these types of fiction, is, not possible; the requirement of length has been traditionally connected with the notion that a novel should encompass the "totality of life." Although early forms of the novel are to be found in a number of places, including classical Rome, 10th– and 11th-century Japan, Elizabethan England, the European novel is said to have begun with Don Quixote in 1605.
Early works of extended fictional prose, or novels, include works in Latin like the Satyricon by Petronius, The Golden Ass by Apuleius, works in Ancient Greek such as Daphnis and Chloe by Longus, works in Sanskrit such as the 4th or 5th century Vasavadatta by Subandhu, 6th– or 7th-century Daśakumāracarita and Avantisundarīkathā by Daṇḍin, in the 7th-century Kadambari by Banabhatta, Murasaki Shikibu's 11th-century Japanese work The Tale of Genji, the 12th-century Hayy ibn Yaqdhan by Ibn Tufail, who wrote in Arabic, the 13th-century Theologus Autodidactus by Ibn al-Nafis, another Arabic novelist, Blanquerna, written in Catalan by Ramon Llull, the 14th-century Chinese Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Gua
OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world. OCLC is funded by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system. OCLC began in 1967, as the Ohio College Library Center, through a collaboration of university presidents, vice presidents, library directors who wanted to create a cooperative computerized network for libraries in the state of Ohio; the group first met on July 5, 1967 on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization, hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, to design the shared cataloging system.
Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library. The plan was to merge the catalogs of Ohio libraries electronically through a computer network and database to streamline operations, control costs, increase efficiency in library management, bringing libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the world's information in order to best serve researchers and scholars; the first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26, 1971. This was the first online cataloging by any library worldwide. Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data. Between 1967 and 1977, OCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but in 1978, a new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. In 2002, the governance structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States.
As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with "networks", organizations that provided training and marketing services. By 2008, there were 15 independent United States regional service providers. OCLC networks played a key role in OCLC governance, with networks electing delegates to serve on the OCLC Members Council. During 2008, OCLC commissioned two studies to look at distribution channels. In early 2009, OCLC negotiated new contracts with the former networks and opened a centralized support center. OCLC provides bibliographic and full-text information to anyone. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat—the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the largest online public access catalog in the world. WorldCat has holding records from private libraries worldwide; the Open WorldCat program, launched in late 2003, exposed a subset of WorldCat records to Web users via popular Internet search and bookselling sites.
In October 2005, the OCLC technical staff began a wiki project, WikiD, allowing readers to add commentary and structured-field information associated with any WorldCat record. WikiD was phased out; the Online Computer Library Center acquired the trademark and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press in 1988. A browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July 2013; until August 2009, when it was sold to Backstage Library Works, OCLC owned a preservation microfilm and digitization operation called the OCLC Preservation Service Center, with its principal office in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users; this around-the-clock reference service is provided by a cooperative of participating global libraries. Starting in 1971, OCLC produced catalog cards for members alongside its shared online catalog. OCLC commercially sells software, such as CONTENTdm for managing digital collections.
It offers the bibliographic discovery system WorldCat Discovery, which allows for library patrons to use a single search interface to access an institution's catalog, database subscriptions and more. OCLC has been conducting research for the library community for more than 30 years. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications; these publications, including journal articles, reports and presentations, are available through the organization's website. OCLC Publications – Research articles from various journals including Code4Lib Journal, OCLC Research, Reference & User Services Quarterly, College & Research Libraries News, Art Libraries Journal, National Education Association Newsletter; the most recent publications are displayed first, all archived resources, starting in 1970, are available. Membership Reports – A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding. Newsletters – Current and archived newsletters for the library and archive community.
Presentations – Presentations from both guest speakers and OCLC research from conferences and other events. The presentations are organized into five categories: Conference presentations, Dewey presentations, Distinguished Seminar Series, Guest presentations, Research staff
A music festival is a community event oriented towards live performances of singing and instrument playing, presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality, or locality of musicians, or holiday. Some festivals are focused on women’s music, they are held outdoors, with tents or roofed temporary stages for the performers. Music festivals host other attractions such as food and merchandise vending, crafts, performance art, social or cultural activities. At music festivals associated with charitable causes, there may be information about social or political issues. Many festivals are repeat at some other interval. Some, including many rock festivals, are held only once; some festivals are organized as for-profit concerts and others are benefits for a specific charitable cause. Another type of music festival is the educative type, organized annually in local communities, regionally, or nationally, for the benefit of amateur musicians of all ages and grades of achievement; the Pythian Games at Delphi included musical performances, may be one of the earliest festivals known.
During the Middle Ages, festivals were held as competitions. Another type of music festival is the music education type organized annually in local communities, regionally, or nationally, for the benefit of amateur musicians of all ages and grades of achievement. Entrants perform prepared pieces or songs in front of an audience which includes competitors and friends, members of the community, along with one or more adjudicators or judges; these adjudicators, who may be music teachers, professors, or professional performers, provide verbal and written feedback to each performer or group. The adjudicator may be someone whom they might never meet in any other way, as is the case when an adjudicator from another city is brought in to judge, they usually receive a certificate, classified according to merit or ranking, some may win trophies or scholarships. The competitive element is played down, however, as the important aspect is that participants can learn from one another; such festivals aim to provide a friendly and supportive platform for musicians to share in the excitement of making music.
For many, they provide a bridge from examinations to performing confidently in public. Milwaukee, Wisconsin's 11-day event, promotes itself as "The World's Largest Music Festival", a title certified by the Guinness World Records and has been held since 1999. Operating annually since 1968, the festival attracts between 800,000 and 1,000,000 people each year, hosts over 800 musical acts; the Woodstock Festival in 1969 drew nearly 500,000 attendees, the Polish spin-off Przystanek Woodstock in 2014 drew 750,000 thus becoming the largest open air annual festival in Europe and the second largest in the world. In comparison, the Roskilde Festival in Denmark, attracts about 135,000 spectators each year. Glastonbury Festival has a capacity of about 275,000 spectators, but has "fallow years" every five years, so it is the biggest non-annual greenfield festival in the world; the oldest annual dedicated pop music festival in the world is Pinkpop Festival in the Netherlands, though in other genres, there are much older ones: the Three Choirs Festival in the UK has run annually since 1719.
The Queensland Music Festival, established in 1999 and headquartered in Brisbane Australia, is the largest music festival by land mass, as a state-wide music biennial music festival, over a three week period during July. Upcoming music festival Lists of music festivals in: Australia Belgium Canada Caribbean Central America Cyprus Denmark Finland Germany Greece Israel Italy The Netherlands New Zealand Poland Romania South Korea Singapore United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United StatesLists of music festivals by genre: List of jazz festivals List of metal festivals List of electronic music festivals List of reggae festivals