Illinois's 18th congressional district
The 18th Congressional District of Illinois covers central and western Illinois, including all of Jacksonville and Quincy and parts of Bloomington and Springfield. Republican Aaron Schock had represented the district since January 2009, but resigned March 31, 2015. Special elections were called to select Schock's replacement, with a primary on July 7 and the main election on September 10, 2015. Republican State Senator Darin LaHood, son of former Rep. Ray LaHood, won the special election and reelection in 2016 and 2018. Abraham Lincoln served much of the area, it contains most of the territory, represented by future United States Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen and longtime House Minority Leader Bob Michel. From 1949 to 2015, the district was represented by someone who either attended or graduated from Bradley University; the district covers parts of McLean, Sangamon and Tazewell counties, all of Adams, Cass, Logan, Mason, McDonough, Morgan, Schuyler and Woodford counties, as of the 2011 redistricting which followed the 2010 census.
All or parts of Bloomington, Jacksonville, Macomb, Normal, Peoria and Springfield are included. The representatives for these districts were elected in the 2012 primary and general elections, the boundaries became effective on January 5, 2013. * Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1994, write-ins received 955 votes. In 1998, write-ins received 2 votes. In 2008, Green Party candidate Sheldon Schafer received 9,857 votes. In 2010, Schafer received 11,256 votes. Ray LaHood decided not to seek re-election in 2008 and was chosen by Barack Obama to serve as U. S. Secretary of Transportation. Illinois State Representative Aaron Schock of Peoria won the seat for the Republicans in the November 4, 2008 election, his main opponent was Democrat Colleen Callahan, of a radio and television broadcaster. Green Party candidate and educator Sheldon Schafer, of Peoria, was in a distant third place on the ballot; as of January 2017, two former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Illinois's 18th congressional district are alive.
Illinois's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present 2006 election from The Washington Post 18th District census profile, 2006 18th District Fact Sheet from the United States Census Bureau "U. S. Census Bureau - 18th District map". Campaign contributions from OpenSecrets.org
Mason County, Illinois
Mason County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 14,666, its county seat is Havana. The county is named in honor of George Mason, a member of the Virginia legislature who campaigned for the adoption of the United States Bill of Rights. Mason County was created in 1841 out of portions of Menard counties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 563 square miles, of which 539 square miles is land and 24 square miles is water. Mason County is bound on the south by the Sangamon River, on the west by the Illinois River; these rivers join at the county's southwest tip. The soil covering much of Mason County is sandy; this was formed during the melting of the Wisconsin Glacier about 10,000 years ago. Meltwater from the glacier deposited large amounts of sand in a delta region near at the junction of the Sangamon and Illinois Rivers; the sandy soil does not hold water well exposing crops to drought conditions as the water table drops during periods of low precipitation.
However, the soil is good for growing vegetables that are otherwise not common in Illinois. Modern irrigation has made this a productive agricultural area. A sand wetland on the Illinois River is managed by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service as the Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Havana have ranged from a low of 14 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −30 °F was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 106 °F was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.85 inches in January to 4.43 inches in May. U. S. Highway 136 Illinois Route 10 Illinois Route 29 Illinois Route 78 Illinois Route 97 Fulton County - north Tazewell County - northeast Logan County - southeast Menard County - south Cass County - southwest Schuyler County - west Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,666 people, 6,079 households, 4,060 families residing in the county.
The population density was 27.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,077 housing units at an average density of 13.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.1% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 33.8% were German, 15.6% were American, 11.1% were English, 10.3% were Irish. Of the 6,079 households, 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families, 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 44.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,461 and the median income for a family was $51,348. Males had a median income of $43,448 versus $31,087 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $23,427. About 13.8% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. Havana Mason City Topeka Goofy Ridge Although it voted for the Whig Party in the three elections from 1840 to 1848, Mason County was to be solidly Democratic for the next sixty to seventy years due to its anti-Yankee German-American heritage, it was not until the 1920 election when bitter resentment was felt by German-Americans at Woodrow Wilson’s postwar policies that Mason supported a GOP candidate. In the following eighty years, Mason was a Republican-leaning swing county, although isolationist sentiment did cause it to vote narrowly for Wendell Willkie in 1940 and more convincingly for Thomas E. Dewey in 1944; the past decade or so has seen Mason turn solidly Republican due to opposition to the Democratic Party’s social liberalism and concern over the lack of employment and other economic opportunities in the “Rust Belt” – whose edge Mason County lies on.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Mason County, Illinois
Macon County, Illinois
Macon County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 110,768, its county seat is Decatur. Macon County comprises IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Macon County was formed on January 1829 out of Shelby County, it was named for a Colonel in the Revolutionary War. Macon served as senator from North Carolina until his resignation in 1828. In 1830, future US President Abraham Lincoln and his family moved to Macon County. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 586 square miles, of which 581 square miles is land and 5.2 square miles is water. Macon County is flat, as is most of the state and all of the surrounding counties, the result of geological activity during the Pleistocene epoch. During the Illinoian Stage of the Pleistocene, the Laurentide ice sheet covered about 85 percent of Illinois, including the Macon County area; the subsequent thaw of the region and retreat of the ice sheet left central Illinois with its present characteristic flat topography.
Because of its central location, Macon County is referred to as "The Heart of Illinois." In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Decatur have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.95 inches in February to 4.54 inches in July. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 110,768 people, 45,855 households, 29,326 families residing in the county; the population density was 190.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 50,475 housing units at an average density of 86.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 79.3% white, 16.3% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.7% were German, 17.0% were American, 12.9% were Irish, 10.8% were English.
Of the 45,855 households, 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.0% were non-families, 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 40.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,337 and the median income for a family was $57,570. Males had a median income of $48,570 versus $31,568 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,726. About 10.3% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over. Decatur Macon Maroa Boody In its early years Macon County favored the Democratic Party, voting for it in every election through 1856. Republican Abraham Lincoln won the county in his landmark 1860 election, from until the Great Depression Macon County became solidly Republican, only giving a narrow plurality to Woodrow Wilson in 1912 when the GOP was mortally divided by Theodore Roosevelt's splinter–party run.
The FDR-era New Deal saw the county turn Democratic again due to its strong industrial base, although Macon was a perfect bellwether between 1932 and 1996 apart from the Catholicism-influenced 1960 election and the 1988 election influenced by a major Midwestern drought. Al Gore did narrowly hold the county in 2000 despite losing the election due to a razor-thin loss in Florida, but since the county has trended Republican. Illinois-bred Barack Obama did win Macon County in his 2008 triumph, but was convincingly defeated by Mitt Romney in 2012, whilst in 2016 Hillary Clinton suffered the worst Democratic loss since George McGovern. National Register of Historic Places listings in Macon County, Illinois
Lincoln is a city in Logan County, United States. It is the only town in the United States, named for Abraham Lincoln before he became president. First settled in the 1830s, Lincoln is home to two prisons; the two colleges are Lincoln Christian University. It is the home of the world's largest covered wagon and numerous other historical sites along the Route 66 corridor; the population was 14,504 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Logan County; the town was named on August 27, 1853, in an unusual ceremony. Abraham Lincoln, having assisted with the platting of the town and working as counsel for the newly laid Chicago & Mississippi Railroad which led to its founding, was asked to participate in a naming ceremony for the town. On this date, the first sale of lots took place in the new town. Ninety were sold at prices ranging from $40 to $150. According to tradition Lincoln was present. At noon he carried one under each arm to the public square. There he invited Latham and Gillette, proprietors, to join him, saying, "Now we'll christen the new town," squeezing watermelon juice out on the ground.
Legend has it that when it had been proposed to him that the town be named for him, he had advised against it, saying that in his experience, "Nothing bearing the name of Lincoln amounted to much." The town of Lincoln was the first city named after Abraham Lincoln, while he was a lawyer and before he was President of the United States. Lincoln College, a private four-year liberal arts college, was founded in early 1865 and granted 2 year degrees until 1929. News of the establishment and name of the school was communicated to President Lincoln shortly before his death, making Lincoln the only college to be named after Lincoln while he was living; the College has an excellent collection of Abraham Lincoln–related documents and artifacts, housed in a museum, open to the general public. The City of Lincoln was located directly on U. S. Route 66 from 1926 through 1978; this is its secondary tourist theme after the connection with Abraham Lincoln. American author Langston Hughes spent one year of his youth in Lincoln.
On, he was to write to his eighth-grade teacher in Lincoln, telling her his writing career began there in the eighth grade, when he was elected class poet. American theologians Reinhold Niebuhr and Helmut Richard Niebuhr lived in Lincoln from 1902 through their college years. Reinhold Niebuhr first served as pastor of a church when he served as interim minister of Lincoln's St. John's German Evangelical Synod church following his father's death. Reinhold Niebuhr is best known as the author of the Serenity Prayer; the City of Lincoln features three-story, domed Logan County Courthouse. This courthouse building replaced the earlier Logan County Courthouse where Lincoln once practiced law. In addition, the Postville Courthouse State Historic Site contains a 1953 replica of the original 1840 Logan County courthouse. Lincoln was the site of the Lincoln Developmental Center. Founded in 1877, the institution was one of Logan County's largest employers until closed in 2002 by former Governor George Ryan due to concerns about patient maltreatment.
Despite efforts by some Illinois state legislators to reopen LDC, the facility remains shuttered. Lincoln is located between Bloomington and Springfield. In addition Illinois Route 10 and Illinois Route 121 run into the city and Illinois Route 121 now ends in Lincoln. According to the 2010 census, Lincoln has a total area of all land. Amtrak serves Lincoln Station daily with its Lincoln Texas Eagle routes. Service consists of four Lincoln Service round-trips between Chicago and St. Louis, one Texas Eagle round-trip between San Antonio and Chicago. Three days a week, the Eagle continues on to Los Angeles. Lines of the Union Pacific and Canadian National railroads run through the city. Salt Creek and the Edward R. Madigan State Fish and Wildlife Area are nearby. According to the 2010 United States Census, Lincoln had 14,504 people. Among non-Hispanics this includes 13,262 White, 528 Black, 118 Asian, 227 from two or more races; the Hispanic or Latino population included 336 people. There were 5,877 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with children & no husband present, 40.1% were non-families.
33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 29.7% had someone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.83. The population was spread out with 78.5% over the age of 18 and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.0 years. The gender ratio was 47.9% male & 52.1% female. Among 5,877 occupied households, 64.6% were owner-occupied & 35.4% were renter-occupied. As of the census of 2000, there were 15,369 people, 5,965 households, 3,692 families residing in the town; the population density was 2,596.6 people per square mile. There were 6,391 housing units at an average density of 1,079.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.79% White, 2.82% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from ot
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
U.S. Route 136
U. S. Highway 136 is a spur of U. S. Highway 36, it runs from Edison, Nebraska, at U. S. Highway 6 and U. S. Highway 34 to the Interstate 74/Interstate 465 interchange in Indiana; this is a distance of 804 miles. US 136 never meets its parent, US 36. However, it does come within 2 miles of it at its interchange with I-465/I-74 at its eastern terminus. U. S. 136 passes through the following states: U. S. 136 parallels Nebraska's southern border from its western terminus near Edison to the Missouri River. It exits the state at Brownville via the Brownville Bridge, it is designated the Heritage Highway throughout Nebraska. US 136 enters Missouri on the west just east of Brownville, over the Missouri River, it leaves the state at Alexandria, Missouri, on the east concurrent with US 61. During its journey, it enters every county seat in the nine counties; the distance across Missouri is about 240 miles. US 136 is two lanes for the full distance. US 136 in Iowa consists of a 3.6-mile-long route which travels across the south-easternmost tip of Lee County.
It crosses the Des Moines River from Missouri with US overlapping for just over 1 mile. East of the US 61 split, US 136 is overlapped by US 61 Bus. through Keokuk. US 136 enters Keokuk along 7th Street. At the intersection with Main Street, the southern end of US 218, it turns to the southeast towards the Mississippi River. US 136 travels another 2⁄3 mile before crossing the Mississippi into Hamilton, Illinois via the Keokuk–Hamilton Bridge. US 136 spends 225.95 miles within the state of Illinois. It crosses the Mississippi River into Illinois from Iowa just past Keokuk, it travels through Illinois. It continues as an east–west route intersecting with I-155 and I-55 south of Bloomington-Normal and north of Lincoln in Central Illinois, it intersects with I-74, I-57 just outside Rantoul about 15 miles north of Champaign-Urbana. US 136 travels concurrent with Illinois Route 1 in far east central Illinois before entering Danville, Illinois. At Danville, it turns east to go into Indiana. Through most of its duration in Indiana, US 136 parallels I-74.
Within Indianapolis, the highway is called Crawfordsville Road, US 136 ends in the town of Speedway, Indiana, at the I-74/I-465 interchange where Crawfordsville Road continues without numbered designation. As part of Indiana's Accelerate 465 project, the I-74/I-465 interchange was being reworked to eliminate tight spiral ramps and to add a full interchange for US 136 with I-465, it was completed in 2014. The entire portion of US 136 in Indiana is part of the Dixie Highway. In Illinois, the designation of US 136 in 1951 replaced IL 10 from the Iowa state line in Keokuk to IL 119 in Havana, The route followed IL 119 to an intersection with IL 1, where it traveled south to IL 10, heading east to Danville and the Indiana state line. In Missouri, most of US 136 was designated as Route 4 in 1922; this highway began at St. Joseph and followed present US 169 to Stanberry, turning east there to the Iowa state line along US 136; the rest of US 136 was Route 1A, part of Route 1, Route 18. The east end was truncated to Wayland in 1926, when US 61 was designated over the part east to Iowa, that decade Route 4 absorbed the former Route 52 from St. Joseph southwest to Atchison, Kansas.
When this extension became part of US 59 in the early 1930s, the portion west of Stanberry was deleted in favor of US 59 and US 169. US 136 replaced Route 4 east of Stanberry in 1951 and the rest in 1960. In Nebraska, US 136 was "Route 3." US 136 replaced Route 3 in 1960. US 136 was proposed to use I-465 in Indiana to the US 36 interchange so US 136 could meet its parent, US 36. Nebraska US 6 / US 34 north-northwest of Edison US 183 north-northwest of Alma; the highways travel concurrently to Alma. US 281 in Red Cloud US 81 south-southeast of Hebron US 77 in Beatrice US 75 in Auburn Missouri I‑29 in Rock Port US 275 northwest of Rock Port US 59 south-southwest of Tarkio; the highways travel concurrently to Tarkio. US 71 east-southeast of Burlington Junction; the highways travel concurrently to Maryville. US 169 in Stanberry; the highways travel concurrently to north-northwest of Darlington. US 69 southwest of Bethany; the highways travel concurrently to Bethany. I‑35 in Bethany US 65 in Princeton; the highways travel concurrently through Princeton.
US 63 south-southeast of Glenwood. The highways travel concurrently to Lancaster. US 61 west-northwest of Alexandria; the highways travel concurrently to Iowa. Iowa US 218 in Keokuk Illinois US 67 in Macomb; the highways travel concurrently to east of Macomb. US 24 in Duncan Mills; the highways travel concurrently to south of Duncan Mills. I‑155 east-northeast of Emden I‑55 southeast of McLean US 51 in Heyworth I‑74 south-southeast of Le Roy US 150 southeast of Le Roy I‑57 in Rantoul US 45 in Rantoul US 150 in Danville Indiana US 41 in Veedersburg; the highways travel concurrently through Veedersburg. US 231 in Crawfordsville I‑74 / I‑465 on the Indianapolis–Speedway line. Illinois Route 336 List of U. S. Routes Endpoints of U. S. Highway 136
Interstate 55 is a major Interstate Highway in the central United States. As with most interstates that end in a five, it is a major cross-country, north-south route, connecting the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes; the highway travels from LaPlace, Louisiana, at I-10 to Chicago at U. S. Route 41, at McCormick Place; the major cities that I-55 connects to includes Mississippi. The section of I-55 between Chicago and St. Louis was built as an alternate route for US 66, it crosses the Mississippi River twice: once at Memphis, again at St. Louis; when it was realized that a national highway system was needed, the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 provided for a highway replacing the old Route 66 which I-55 filled. I-55 was constructed in the 1970s, to extend a section of Route 66 between I-294 and Gardner, converted into a freeway and had Interstate signage installed in 1960. During the rest of the 1960s, I-55 was built in portions throughout Illinois connecting St. Louis to Chicago where it became the fourth direct route between them.
As it goes southwards, most of the Interstate was purpose-built during the 70s. The entire length was completed in 1979. In Louisiana, I-55 runs nearly 66 miles from south to north, from I-10 near Laplace to the Mississippi state line near Kentwood, Louisiana. 1⁄3 of the distance consists of the Manchac Swamp Bridge, a nearly 23-mile causeway cited as the third-longest viaduct in the world. In Mississippi, I-55 runs 290.5 miles from the Louisiana border near Osyka, Mississippi to Southaven on the Tennessee border, just south of Memphis. Noteworthy cities and towns that I-55 passes through or close by to are McComb and Grenada; this highway parallels US 51 in its path through the center of Mississippi. The eight miles from Hernando to the Tennessee state line coincide with the newer I-69; the Mississippi section of I-55 is defined in the Mississippi Code § 65-3-3. I-55 in Tennessee lies within the city of Memphis, passing through the southern and western parts of the city and providing a bypass of downtown for motorists who do not want to take I-240 and I-40 through downtown to cross the Mississippi River.
The western portion of this highway, which passes through an industrialized section of the city, contains numerous low-clearance bridges, a tight 270-degree cloverleaf turn northbound at Crump Boulevard. The Tennessee Department of Transportation has an interchange improvement project for this portion. Heavy truck traffic heading to and from Arkansas in this area is hence directed to detour via I-240 and I-40. For the Tennessee stretch of the Interstate, the usual national freeway speed limit of 70 mph is reduced to 65 mph. I-255 was the former numbering of I-240 between I-55 and I-40 through Tennessee. I-55 enters Arkansas from Tennessee as it crosses the Mississippi River on the Memphis & Arkansas Bridge, it overlaps I-40 for 2.8 miles in West Memphis. After separating from I-40, I-55 turns northward and runs with US 61, US 63, US 64 until US 64 exits in through Marion. I-55/US 61/US 63 continue north through Crittenden County through rural farms of the Arkansas delta, including an interchange with I-555/US 63 in Turrell.
I-55 passes through Blytheville. I-55 parallels U. S. 61 in its path through Arkansas, which it continues to do after crossing into Missouri. In Missouri, I-55 runs from the southeastern part of the state, at the Arkansas border, to St. Louis. In this city, I-44 merges in with I-55, I-64, when crossing the Mississippi River into Illinois. Among the cities and towns served by I-55 in Missouri are Sikeston, Cape Girardeau, St. Louis; as noted above, I-55 parallels US 61 for most of its course through Missouri, from the Arkansas border to the southern portion of St. Louis County. Through Illinois, I-55 follows the 1940 alignment of the former US 66, now Historic US 66, it runs from the Poplar Street Bridge in East St. Louis to US 41 in Chicago, passing around the state capital of Springfield and the metro area of Bloomington-Normal. Within Illinois, I-55 goes by several names. Near the I-270/I-70 split, it is referred to as the Paul Simon Freeway after former U. S. Senator Paul Simon, who began his political career in this region.
Further north, between the St. Louis area and Springfield, I-55 is named the Vince Demuzio Expressway for former Illinois State Senator Vince Demuzio. In the Chicago area between the I-80 interchange near Joliet and I-55's eastern terminus at US 41 in Chicago, the expressway is referred to as the Adlai E. Stevenson Expressway in honor of former Illinois governor Adlai E. Stevenson II, a two-time Democratic nominee for President of the United States and the U. S. Ambassador to the United Nations under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. In July 2018 the stretch of I-55 from I-294 to mile marker 202 near Pontiac was renamed as Barack Obama Presidential Expressway; when the stretch of I-55 through Illinois was being planned during the 1960s, the state's governor, Otto Kerner, Jr. made an effort to have it routed close to the larger city of Peoria instead of the straighter route through the Bloomington-Normal area. This failed plan was ridiculed in the press as the so-called "Kerner Curve."
The need for a freeway connection between Springfield and Peoria was filled by the spur route I-155. This connects with nearby Lincoln and Morton and for