Logan Formation

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Logan Formation
Stratigraphic range: Lower Carboniferous (early Osagean)
Logan Formation exposed in Wooster, Ohio.
Unit ofWaverly Group
Sub-unitsBerne, Byer, Allenville, Vinton
UnderliesMaxville Limestone, Pottsville Group, and Rushville Shale
OverliesCuyahoga Formation; Black Hand Sandstone
Thickness0 to 40 m
Primarysandstone, siltstone, conglomerate
RegionAppalachian Basin
CountryUnited States
ExtentOhio, West Virginia
Type section
Named forLogan, Ohio
Named byAndrews, 1870

The Logan Formation is the name given to a Lower Carboniferous (early Osagean) siltstone, sandstone and conglomeratic unit exposed in east-central Ohio and parts of western West Virginia, USA.

Stratigraphy and paleoenvironment[edit]

The Logan Formation was named by Andrews (1870) and originally described as a "buff-colored, fine-grained sandstone" above the Waverly Formation and below the Maxville Limestone. Bork and Malcuit (1979) concluded that the Logan Formation was deposited on a shallow marine shelf in a generally transgressing sea; the age of the Logan Formation has been established as early Osagean (Tn3) by the occurrences of brachiopods, ammonoids, conodonts and miospores (Clayton et al., 1998; Matchen and Kammer, 2006).


  • Andrews, E.B. (1870). "Report of progress in the second district, Part II, IN Report of progress in 1869". Ohio Division of Geological Survey Report of Progress, 2nd series: 1091–1094.
  • Bork, K.B.; Malcuit, R.J. (1979). "Paleoenvironments of the Cuyahoga and Logan Formations (Mississippian) of central Ohio". Geological Society of America Bulletin. 90: 89–113. doi:10.1130/0016-7606(1979)90<1091:potcal>2.0.co;2.
  • Clayton, G.; Manger, W.L.; Owens, B. (1998). "Mississippian (Lower Carboniferous) miospores from the Cuyahoga and Logan Formations of northeastern Ohio, USA". Journal of Micropalaeontology. 17: 183–191. doi:10.1144/jm.17.2.183.
  • Matchen, D.L.; Kammer, T.W. (2006). "Incised valley fill interpretation for Mississippian Black Hand Sandstone, Appalachian Basin, USA: Implications for glacial eustacy at Kinderhookian-Osagean (Tn2-Tn3) boundary". Sedimentary Geology. 191: 89–113. Bibcode:2006SedG..191...89M. doi:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2006.02.002.