State Library of Queensland
The State Library of Queensland is the main reference and research library provided to the people of the State of Queensland, Australia, by the state government. Its legislative basis is provided by the Queensland Libraries Act 1988, it contains a significant portion of Queensland's documentary heritage, major reference and research collections, is an advocate of and partner with public libraries across Queensland. The library is at Kurilpa Point, within the Queensland Cultural Centre on the Brisbane River at South Bank; the Brisbane Public Library was established by the government of the Colony of Queensland in 1896, was renamed the Public Library of Queensland in 1898. The library was opened to the public in 1902. In 1934, the Oxley Memorial Library, named for the explorer John Oxley, opened as a centre for research and study relating to Queensland; the Libraries Act of 1943 established the Library Board of Queensland to manage the Public Library of Queensland. In March 1947, James L. Stapleton was appointed Queensland's first State Librarian.
Stapleton advocated for a new building for the library and that library services should be free to the public. He remains the longest-serving CEO, has been followed by five others: Sydney Lawrence Ryan from 1970 to 1988, Des Stephens from 1988 to 2001, Lea Giles-Peters from 2001 to 2011, Janette Wright, from 2012-2015 and from 2016, Vicki McDonald. In 1971, the "Public Library" became the "State Library." The following year, the Public Library Service was established to liaise with Queensland local authorities regarding their public libraries. A few years the Country Lending Service was established to provide book exchange and other services to public libraries in Queensland's smaller local government areas. Under the new name of Rural Libraries Queensland, the service is still going strong today, administered by the State Library's Public and Indigenous Library Services program. In 2003, the State Library began a new mission of establishing Indigenous Knowledge Centres in the Cape York and Torres Strait areas.
There is now a network of 22 IKCs in remote and regional communities: across Cape York, the islands of the Torres Strait, Central Queensland and at Cherbourg in South East Queensland. The State Library's current strategic vision is to enrich the lives of Queenslanders through creatively engaging people with information and community. In early 2011, the library donated 50,000 pictures to Wikimedia Commons; the library holds general collections, including books and magazines, audiovisual items, family history, music, ephemera and electronic resources. There are research collections and services – including the John Oxley Library and the Australian Library of Art, which includes the James Hardie Library of Australian Fine Arts; the library is home to two UNESCO Memory of the World significant collections, Labour Party Manifesto and the Margaret Lawrie collection of Torres Strait Islands material. The library holds a collection of Queensland election-related material, including websites, posters and how-to-vote cards.
Access to collections, including access to 50,000 Copyright-free Queensland images through Wikimedia Commons Provides books and other resource material to public libraries throughout Queensland. Specialist services to public libraries in a number of areas, including services to young people and multicultural communities. Public programs and exhibitions, including exhibition loans to schools and other community organisations. Outreach programs in reference, information literacy, Internet training and digitisation throughout Queensland for public library staff and the general community. Library services to Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders including the establishment of Indigenous Knowledge Centres in Cape York and Torres Strait regions and increasing the employment and training opportunities for Indigenous peoples in the library industry. A digital culture centre called The Edge, for young people. A free coworking space, the Business Studio, supports startups and small business; the library has hosted a number of prominent exhibitions, including Plantation Voices Home: A Suburban Obsession Islands: hidden histories from Queensland Islands Hot Modernism Free guided tours of the building are available.
In 2010, a total of 3730 school students participated in a tour. Rural Libraries Queensland is a collaboration between the State Library of Queensland and 30 of the local government councils to provide library libraries to rural communities; the Brisbane Public Library moved into the Old State Library Building in William Street, Brisbane in 1899. This building had been occupied by the Queensland Museum; the Library shared accommodation in the building with an art gallery. In the late 1950s, an extension, with a distinctive tiled mural on the exterior, was built onto the building to provide more space; the mural was the winning design in a national competition held in 1958. In 1988, the State Library of Queensland moved to a new home within the Queensland Cultural Centre at South Bank, near the Queensland Museum and the original Queensland Art Gallery. In 2004, work began on the Millennium Library Project - a major redevelopment of the existing State Library building. After three years of extensive redevelopment, the South Bank building
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland; the state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres. As of 15 May 2018, Queensland has a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and in the state's South East; the capital and largest city in the state is Australia's third-largest city. Referred to as the "Sunshine State", Queensland is home to 10 of Australia's 30 largest cities and is the nation's third-largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled by its warm tropical climate, is a major industry. Queensland was first inhabited by Torres Strait Islanders.
The first European to land in Queensland was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606, who explored the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula near present-day Weipa. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for the Kingdom of Great Britain; the colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney. Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. Penal transportation ceased in 1839 and free settlement was allowed from 1842; the state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who on 6 June 1859 signed Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales. Queensland Day is celebrated annually statewide on 6 June. Queensland was one of the six colonies which became the founding states of Australia with federation on 1 January 1901; the history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement.
The north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch and French navigators before being encountered by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the exploitation of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific through a form of forced recruitment known at the time as "blackbirding"; the Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. June 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of its creation as a separate colony from New South Wales. A rare record of early settler life in north Queensland can be seen in a set of ten photographic glass plates taken in the 1860s by Richard Daintree, in the collection of the National Museum of Australia; the Aboriginal occupation of Queensland is thought to predate 50,000 BC via boat or land bridge across Torres Strait, became divided into over 90 different language groups.
During the last ice age Queensland's landscape became more arid and desolate, making food and other supplies scarce. This led to the world's first seed-grinding technology. Warming again made the land hospitable, which brought high rainfall along the eastern coast, stimulating the growth of the state's tropical rainforests. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa, on the western shore of Cape York; this was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, it marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. The region was explored by French and Spanish explorers prior to the arrival of Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland,'New South Wales'; the Aboriginal population declined after a smallpox epidemic during the late 18th century. In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone and Moreton Bay.
At Moreton Bay, he found the Brisbane River. He established a settlement at what is now Redcliffe; the settlement known as Edenglassie, was transferred to the current location of the Brisbane city centre. Edmund Lockyer discovered outcrops of coal along the banks of the upper Brisbane River in 1825. In 1839 transportation of convicts was ceased, culminating in the closure of the Brisbane penal settlement. In 1842 free settlement was permitted. In 1847, the Port of Maryborough was opened as a wool port; the first free immigrant ship to arrive in Moreton Bay was the Artemisia, in 1848. In 1857, Queensland's first lighthouse was built at Cape Moreton. A war, sometimes called a "war of extermination", erupted between Aborigines and settlers in colonial Queensland; the Frontier War was notable for being the most bloody in Australia due to Queensland's larger pre-contact indigenous population when compared to the other Australian colonies. About 1,500 European settlers and their alli
Broadway on the Mall
Broadway on the Mall was a four-storey shopping mall, located in Brisbane, Australia, between the Queen Street Mall and Adelaide Street in the Brisbane central business district. It was developed by Mace Jennings Industries in the late 1980s. Following the collapse of AV Jennings and a series of acquisitions, the centre has been owned by Industry Superannuation Property Trust since 2011. In 2011, the centre conducted a search for a fashion blogger to represent them on social media. On 31 August 2013, the centre closed to allow for a redevelopment of the tired retail space to commence. Broadway on the Mall was expected to reopen in mid-to-late 2014 as "170 Queen Street", but due to construction delays and torrential rain, the project has been delayed. On January 20, 2015, a large fire started in the construction site of Broadway on the Mall, as a result, destroyed a portion of the existing building and air conditioning system, where the fire was reported to have started. Photos of the blaze flew around social media.
This therefore further put back the finish date of the renovations at the mall Today, the building has been demolished and converted into a three-storey, mixed usage retail store, home to a number of prominent fashion retailers, such as Cotton On, UNIQLO and H&M. List of shopping centres in Australia "Fire at Broadway on the Mall shopping centre in Brisbane CBD"Courier Mail. Retrieved 2017-8-12. Official Website
QueensPlaza is an upmarket shopping centre located in Central Business District of Brisbane, Australia, with frontages on Adelaide Street, Queen Street Mall, Edward Street. Construction began in September 2003. Stage 1 of QueensPlaza was completed in June 2005, with stage 2 being completed in October 2007. Stage 2 included giving the building more footage on the Adelaide Street side for more stores; the final stage, an expansion of David Jones, was opened in February 2008. Car parking is available at five basement levels. Fashion shows are held annually in the QueensPlaza as part of the Mercedes-Benz Fashion Festival Brisbane. List of shopping centres in Australia Queens Plaza home page
BI-LO was an Australian supermarket chain owned by Wesfarmers. Once a chain of 180 outlets, BI-LO stores were progressively re-branded as Coles Supermarkets from 2006, or closed. On 30 June 2017 the final store in Queensland closed. BI-LO was established by John and David Weeks in South Australia in 1979; the first stores opened at Stirling and Aldgate in South Australia's Adelaide Hills region after being converted from hardware outlets, followed by the acquisition of a third store at Murray Bridge. Coles Myer cited. BI-LO was a leader in adopting new technology and by 1983 operated product scanning systems in all stores, the first grocery chain store in Australia to complete scanning across all stores in the group. By 1987, BI-LO was operating 28 supermarkets in South Australia and generating one third of metropolitan Adelaide’s supermarket sales, when it was acquired by Coles Myer, which purchased the 34-store Shoeys discount supermarket chain in New South Wales. BI-LO expanded into Queensland and Victoria.
In December 1994, BI-LO opened its first Mega Frrresh store at Greenacres, SA, in response to its chief competitor Franklins "Big Fresh" concept. In 1996, BI-LO acquired six Newmart supermarkets in Western Australia although the Newmart name was retained due to its strong brand identification. In 1998, BI-LO purchased three Northern Territory supermarkets in Alice Springs. BI-LO/Newmart opened nine new stores and completed 23 refurbishments in 2000, opened 26 more stores and completed 11 refurbishments in 2001; the last Newmart stores in Western Australia to open before the chain was absorbed into Coles Supermarkets were at Garden City and Ocean Keys, Clarkson. Newmart Stores in Garden City, Stirling Central and Ocean Keys became an Action Supermarkets outlet at the same time became a Woolworths outlet. In 2002, BI-LO acquired and converted 15 Franklins sites, in New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia. Around 820 former Franklins employees were offered positions at BI-LO. BI-LO opened 7 stores and a BI-LO Discount Petrol site at Narrandera, New South Wales.
In August of that year, all Newmart Supermarkets operated by BI-LO in Western Australia were transferred to the management of Coles Supermarkets. One Newmart Supermarket located in Bentley, Western Australia was rebadged as Coles, subsequently closing in September 2017. In 2004, BI-LO relaunched with the slogan "Why Pay More". In July 2006, Coles Myer CEO John Fletcher announced a strategy to progressively rebrand BI-LO, First Choice Liquor and Theo's under the Coles banner. BI-LO supermarkets were to be converted to Coles supermarkets, with others changing to other Coles Group businesses. Coles planned to keep some BI-LO lines in its converted stores. Re-branding BI-LO stores began in 2006 and had been expected to be completed by mid-2007. A small number of stores were to be re-branded Coles Discount Grocery where a Coles Supermarket existed in the same complex. However, Westfield Knox, Northcote Shopping Centre and Waterfield Street in Coburg have two Coles Supermarkets in their proximity which were former BI-LO sites, they all still operate to this day.
Some stores, such as BI-LO Arkaba in South Australia, were Coles Supermarkets before being converted to BI-LO in the late 1990s. Some BI-LO stores were converted to Coles Supermarkets, despite Coles existing in the same shopping centre. However, Coles Group announced in March 2007 it was "pausing" the conversion of BI-LO stores to Coles, following the poor results of the 129 stores converted thus far. Market analysts commented that the conversion program was unsuccessful due to Coles' transforming of stores in affluent areas first, the replacement of BI-LO's budget items with more expensive equivalents, the removal of trademark budget meat packs. Reflecting on the failed conversion strategy in 2007, Coles chief operating officer Mick McMahon stated "a strategy you can't execute is not the right strategy". In October 2008, Coles stated it was planning to create a discount supermarket chain to replace the remaining BI-LO stores. In 2009, Coles stated. Further stores were closed or marked for closure due to poor performance and small store size, including Armidale and Merimbula.
At its peak, BI-LO employed 13,600 people. By March 2009, only 48 stores remained in NSW and Queensland. At the end of December 2014, that number had decreased to six stores; as at March 2016 with the closure of Toombul and Alderley in Brisbane and as of April 2016 Coles take over of the Lisarow store in New South Wales left only one store remaining at Loganholme, Queensland. This store closed on 30 June 2017; the tag-line "Extra Value for You — and Me" was used between 1999 and 2004, replaced by "Why Pay More!" Between 2000 and 2005, TV cook Iain Hewitson was the face of BI-LO and Newmart supermarkets across Australia, with BI-LO sponsoring and supplying his cooking shows. In late 2005, a stylised BI-LO docket was adopted as BI-LO's mascot and its use replaced Hewitson. At this time, the tag-line "It's the total of the docket that counts!" was used. In 2003, a campa
Pacific Fair Shopping Centre
Pacific Fair is a major shopping centre in Broadbeach Waters on the Gold Coast, Australia. It was Queensland's largest regional shopping centre until 2006. Pacific Fair was developed by Hooker Retail Developments and opened in 1977 on what was swampland with 96 specialty stores and two anchor tenants. Since Pacific Fair has undergone numerous expansions and has grown to have more than 400 specialty stores and four anchor tenants. In January 2014, work began on a major redevelopment project to meet the predicted regional growth on the Gold Coast. Prior to the redevelopment, the shopping centre had four main major stores including a four-level Myer, Target and Toys'R' Us. Daimaru operated in the centre before its Australian withdrawal, albeit briefly, it had a 12-screen Birch Carroll and Coyle Cinema. Pacific Fair is a major public transport interchange on the Gold Coast, serviced by Surfside Buslines, the Broadbeach South G:Link station located not far from the shopping centre. Nearby is Gold Coast Convention & Exhibition Centre.
Pacific Fair is the southern end of the Surfers Riverwalk. This shopping centre was featured on the third season of The Mole. Work commenced in January 2014 on re-branding Pacific Fair; the development, costing $670 million, will allow for 120 new specialty stores including a new David Jones store that will span two levels and cover 14,500 m2, an enlarged and relocated Target, a relocated Coles and new Woolworths as well as a brand new Big W. The expansion will include an outdoor leisure and entertainment precinct and increase the number of specialty stores to more than 400. In November 2014, the first stage of the re-development was completed with the re-opening of the north-east mall, with a new and enlarged Target, a new JB Hi Fi store. A section of the new south-west mall opened in June 2015, introducing an enlarged Coles Supermarket and a number of specialty stores. More of the new south-west mall opened in August 2015, bringing in a new Woolworths Supermarket, new Big W, Fresh Food Market and more than 40 specialty stores.
In November 2015, Event Cinemas reopened with three Gold Class cinemas and one VMax theatre and in late November, Pacific Fair opened The Patio, a casual dining precinct. In May 2016 the'Resort Area' opened along with an extended mall section bringing in a range a two-level David Jones and a number of international brands such as H&M and Uniqlo. Pacific Fair is located in the heart of Broadbeach, located on Hooker Boulevard and not far from the Gold Coast Highway. Pacific Fair Bus Station, located in the centre has bus connections to Robina and SeaWorld/Main Beach. Broadbeach South Station on the G:link light rail line is a short walk from Pacific Fair and provides tram and bus connections. Buses departing from Broadbeach South travel to Nerang, Tweed Heads, Main Beach and the Gold Coast University Hospital. Trams departing the station travel north to the Gold Coast University Hospital via Surfers Paradise, Main Beach and Southport. All bus services are provided by Surfside Buslines and tram services by G:link under contract to Qld Transport's Translink.
List of shopping centres in Australia Pacific Fair
In retail, an "anchor tenant", sometimes called an "anchor store", "draw tenant", or "key tenant", is a larger tenant in a shopping mall a department store or retail chain. With their broad appeal, they are intended to attract a significant cross-section of the shopping public to the center, they are offered steep discounts on rent in exchange for signing long-term leases in order to provide steady cash flows for the mall owners. When the planned shopping centre format was developed by Victor Gruen in the early to mid-1950s, signing larger department stores was necessary for the financial stability of the projects, to draw retail traffic that would result in visits to the smaller shops in the centre as well. Anchors have their rents discounted, may receive cash inducements from the centre to remain open. Early on, grocery stores were a common type of anchor store. However, research on consumer behavior revealed that most trips to the grocery store did not result in visits to surrounding shops.
Large supermarkets remain common anchor stores within power centers however. As of 2005, the declining popularity of old-line department stores makes it necessary for mall management companies to consider re-anchoring with other retail alternatives, or mix commercial development with residential development to guarantee a captive clientele; the challenges faced by the traditional large department stores have led to a resurgence in the use of supermarkets and gyms as anchors. The International Council of Shopping Centers makes the presence of anchors one of the main defining characteristics of the two largest categories of centres, the regional center with 400,000 to 800,000 square feet in gross leasable area, the superregional center with more than 800,000 square feet of space; the regional center has two or more anchors, while the superregional has three or more. In each case, the anchors account for 50–70% of the centre's leasable space. Shopping centres with anchor stores have outperformed those without one, as the anchor helps draw shoppers attracted to the anchor to shop at other shops in the mall.
Retail Shopping centre Supermarket