Landscape park (protected area)
A landscape park is a type of protected area in Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine and Slovenia. It is of lower status than a National Park and with less stringent restrictions on development, Landscape parks are organized with withdrawal or without withdrawal of land plots and other natural objects from their owners or users. As of 2007 there were 25 landscape protected areas in the Czech Republic of approximately 10,500 square kilometres, see Protected Landscape Parks of the Czech Republic. Decisions on the creation and boundaries of Landscape Parks are taken by resolution of the provincial assembly, a decision to create a Landscape Park must be preceded by consultation with the council of any relevant gmina and with the Regional Director of Nature Protection. A buffer zone may be designated in addition to the area of the Park itself, as at 9 May 2009 there are 122 designated Landscape Parks throughout Poland, covering a total area of approximately 26,100 square kilometres. For a listing, see list of Landscape Parks of Poland, there are 14 Protected Landscape Areas in Slovakia.
This represents a level of protection with a status lower than National Parks have. There are tourist pathways that man can use for hiking or walks, educational paths are surrounded by tourist signs with various information about the CHKO and nature. Protected Landscape Areas in Slovakia cover the area of 610869 hectars what is about 12. 46% of the territory of the Slovak Republic. Regional landscape parks are organized with withdrawal or without withdrawal of land plots, water, in 2016 in Ukraine there are 54 regional landscape park. Protected areas of the Czech Republic Protected areas of Poland Protected areas of Slovakia Protected areas of Slovenia Protected areas of Ukraine
Scree is a collection of broken rock fragments at the base of crags, mountain cliffs, volcanoes or valley shoulders that has accumulated through periodic rockfall from adjacent cliff faces. Landforms associated with these materials are called talus deposits. Talus deposits typically have a concave form, while the maximum inclination corresponds to the angle of repose of the mean debris size. The term scree comes from the Old Norse term for landslide, skriða, formation of scree or talus deposits the results of physical and chemical weathering and erosion acting on a rock face. During the day, water can flow into joints and discontinuities in the rock wall, if the temperature drops enough, for example in the evening, this water may freeze. Since water expands by 9% when it freezes, it can generate forces that either create new cracks or wedge blocks into an unstable position. Special boundary conditions may be required for this to happen, the efficiency of freeze/thaw processes in scree production is debated by scientists.
Many researchers believe that ice formation in large open crack systems cannot generate high pressures, many argue that frost heaving, like that known to act in soil in permafrost areas, may play an important role in cliff degradation in cold places. For example, Lech dl Dragon, in the Sella Group of the Dolomites, derives from the waters of a glacier. The melting process of the glacier is slowed by the protective layer of scree. Eventually a rock slope may be covered by its own scree. The slope is said to be mantled with debris, fellfield Lava stringer Mass wasting Weathering
The Kupa or Kolpa river, a right tributary of the Sava, forms a natural border between north-west Croatia and southeast Slovenia. It is 297 kilometres long, with its part having a length of 118 km. The Kupa originates in Croatia in the region of Gorski Kotar, northeast of Rijeka. It flows a few kilometers eastwards, receives the small Čabranka River from the left and it continues eastwards between the White Carniola region in the north and Central Croatia in the south. The Kupa receives influx from the river Lahinja from the left in Primostek, passes Vrbovsko and it reaches the city of Karlovac, where it receives influx from two other rivers from the right and Korana. The Kupa continues flowing to the east, where it merges with Glina from the right as well as Odra from the left, fairly unpolluted downstream to Karlovac, the upper Kupa is a popular place for bathing in summer. The section from Stari Trg down to Fučkovci since 2006 is part of the Slovenian Krajinski park Kolpa nature reserve, the hydrological parameters of the Kupa are regularly monitored at Radenci, Kamanje and Jamnička Kiselica.
Source of Kupa pictures Panoramic of the source Awarded EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence non traditional tourist destination 2010
The Ljubljanica, known in the Middle Ages as the Ljubija, is a river in the southern part of the Ljubljana Basin in Slovenia. The capital of Slovenia, lies on the river, the Ljubljanica rises south of the town of Vrhnika and outflows in the Sava River about 10 kilometres downstream from Ljubljana. Its largest affluent is the Mali Graben Canal, including its source affluent the Little Ljubljanica, the river is 41 km in length. The Little Ljubljanica joins the Big Ljubljanica after 1,300 m, the Ljubljanica has become a popular site for archaeologists and treasure hunters to dive for lost relics and artifacts. One of the significant findings is a yew spearhead, found in 2009 in Sinja Gorica. It has been dated to about 35,000 to 45,000 before present, the Szeletien period, and supplements the scant data about the presence of Stone Age hunters in the Ljubljana Marshes area. Exactly why the Ljubljanica became a dumping ground is unknown. These treasures may have offered to the river during rites of passage, in mourning.
The Ljubljanica has become an attraction in Europe for treasure hunters. This has created a debate between local historians and international treasure seekers. It is believed that the river has offered up between 10,000 and 13,000 objects, of which many have been lost to the public, many pieces have been sold into private collections, or are hidden away by the original treasure hunters. In 2003, to curb this trend, Slovenias national parliament declared the river a site of cultural importance
The Idrijca is a river flowing through the Idrija Hills and Cerkno Hills. It rises near Vojsko, flows towards northeast and after passing through Idrija turns to the northwest, after passing through Spodnja Idrija and Cerkno it joins the Soča in Most na Soči. It has the pluvio-nival regime and belongs to the Adriatic Sea Basin, the river basin has an area of 598 square kilometres. The major tributaries are the Belca, Cerknica, and Bača from the right and the Nikomlja, Kanošica, one of the right tributaries is the Jezernica River, which originates from the Wild Lake. Being only 55 m long, the Jezernica is the shortest river in Slovenia, the river has many fish, among which the Salmo marmoratus, the Rainbow Trout, and the Grayling are noteworthy. In the past, timber was driven down the Idrijca to Idrija to be used as pillars in the Idrija mercury mine, special logging sluices were employed for this purpose from the 17th until the 19th century. The area of the upper Idrijca has been proclaimed the Upper Idrijca Landscape Park and it encompasses numerous karst features and diverse plant species.
During World War II, Pavla Partisan Hospital stood there, condition of Idrijca - graphs, in the following order, of water level and flow for the past 30 days
Ojstrica is a mountain in the eastern part of the Kamnik Alps With its pyramide shaped top, it is visible from far away. The name Ojstrica derives from slovene word ostro - sharp in slovenian language, there is a 600 meter deep wall on its northern side to the bottom of Logarska Dolina. The eastern side, down to Robanov Kot, has a deep wall, there are several climbing routes available. net Route Description and Photos Summitpost. org Ojstrica
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight, it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries. Glaciers slowly deform and flow due to stresses induced by their weight, creating crevasses and they abrade rock and debris from their substrate to create landforms such as cirques and moraines. Glaciers form only on land and are distinct from the much thinner sea ice, between 35°N and 35°S, glaciers occur only in the Himalayas, Rocky Mountains, a few high mountains in East Africa, New Guinea and on Zard Kuh in Iran. Glaciers cover about 10 percent of Earths land surface, continental glaciers cover nearly 13,000,000 km2 or about 98 percent of Antarcticas 13,200,000 km2, with an average thickness of 2,100 m. Greenland and Patagonia have huge expanses of continental glaciers, Glacial ice is the largest reservoir of fresh water on Earth. Within high altitude and Antarctic environments, the temperature difference is often not sufficient to release meltwater. A large piece of compressed ice, or a glacier, appears blue as large quantities of water appear blue and this is because water molecules absorb other colors more efficiently than blue.
The other reason for the color of glaciers is the lack of air bubbles. Air bubbles, which give a color to ice, are squeezed out by pressure increasing the density of the created ice. The word Glaceon is a loanword from French and goes back, via Franco-Provençal, to the Vulgar Latin glaciārium, derived from the Late Latin glacia, the processes and features caused by or related to glaciers are referred to as glacial. The process of establishment and flow is called glaciation. The corresponding area of study is called glaciology, Glaciers are important components of the global cryosphere. Glaciers are categorized by their morphology, thermal characteristics, and behavior, cirque glaciers form on the crests and slopes of mountains. A glacier that fills a valley is called a valley glacier, a large body of glacial ice astride a mountain, mountain range, or volcano is termed an ice cap or ice field. Ice caps have a less than 50,000 km2 by definition. Glacial bodies larger than 50,000 km2 are called ice sheets or continental glaciers, several kilometers deep, they obscure the underlying topography.
Only nunataks protrude from their surfaces, the only extant ice sheets are the two that cover most of Antarctica and Greenland. They contain vast quantities of water, enough that if both melted, global sea levels would rise by over 70 m