Expanded Universe (book)
Expanded Universe, The New Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein is a 1980 collection of stories and essays by Robert A. Heinlein; the trade paperback 1981 edition lists the subtitle under other Heinlein books as More Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein because the contents subsume the 1966 Ace Books collection, The Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein; the current volume is dedicated to William Targ. The book collects essays, with a foreword for each, they are: Forward "Life-Line" "Successful Operation" "Blowups Happen" "Solution Unsatisfactory" "The Last Days of the United States" "How to Be a Survivor" "Pie from the Sky" "They Do It with Mirrors" "Free Men" "No Bands Playing, No Flags Flying" "A Bathroom of Her Own" "On the Slopes of Vesuvius" "Nothing Ever Happens on the Moon" "Pandora's Box" "Where To?" "Cliff and the Calories" "Ray Guns and Rocket Ships" "The Third Millennium Opens" "Who Are the Heirs of Patrick Henry?" "Pravda Means Truth" "Inside Intourist" "Searchlight" "The Pragmatics of Patriotism" "Paul Dirac and You" "Larger than Life", a memoir in tribute to E. E.
"Doc" Smith "Spinoff", about NASA spinoff technologies "The Happy Days Ahead"The six items marked with appeared in The Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein; when divided into two volumes, Volume 1 concludes with "On the Slopes of Vesuvius", Volume 2 picks up with "Nothing Ever Happens on the Moon". Expanded Universe title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Expanded Universe on Open Library at the Internet Archive
If This Goes On—
"If This Goes On—" is a science fiction novella by American writer Robert A. Heinlein, first serialized in 1940 in Astounding Science-Fiction and revised and expanded for inclusion in the 1953 collection Revolt in 2100; the novella shows what might happen to Christianity in the United States given mass communications, applied psychology, a hysterical populace. The novel is part of Heinlein's Future History series. At the 2016 WorldCon the story won the 1941 Retro-Hugo Award for Best Novella of 1940; the story is set in a future theocratic American society, ruled by the latest in a series of fundamentalist Christian "Prophets". The First Prophet was Nehemiah Scudder, a backwoods preacher turned President dictator. John Lyle, a junior army officer under the Prophet, is stationed at the Prophet's capital of New Jerusalem. Devout at this point, he finds himself questioning his faith when he falls for one of the Prophet's Virgins, Sister Judith. Judith, new to the vocation, faints when she is called upon to render sexual service to the Prophet and is confined to her quarters until she sees the light.
John confides in his far more worldly roommate, Zeb Jones, not only not shocked, but who assists John. A clandestine meeting with Judith goes awry when they are forced to kill a spy, leaving them no choice but to seek aid from the Cabal, an underground revolutionary movement; the two men are inducted into the Cabal. Judith is arrested and tortured as part of the investigation into the death of the spy, John and Zeb rescue her, though leaving enough clues that John is soon arrested and tortured himself, he gives little away, is himself rescued by the Cabal. Zeb and Magdalene have evaded arrest, thanks to a clandestine distress signal that John manages to leave for Zeb while being arrested. Judith is spirited out of the country before John regains consciousness, John is given a false identity in order to make his way to Cabal headquarters, he is detected en route, forced to flee, arrives safely after several misadventures. He finds that Magdalene, who he assumes are a couple, have made their way there before him.
All take on significant roles in bringing to fruition the revolutionary plot, John as an aide to the commander, General Huxley. While working there, John receives a literal "Dear John" letter from Judith, informing him of her impending marriage to a Mexican man she met while getting refuge in his country, he learns that Zeb and Magdalene have no marriage plans, begins a romance with Magdalene. The revolutionary plot is successful, the country, other than New Jerusalem, is seized, but the capital must be conquered lest it serve as a rallying point for loyalists. As constitutional discussions go on, tempered to provide the greatest possible individual freedom, the new regime's troops prepare to take New Jerusalem. John and Magdalene are married just before the assault. During the fight, Huxley is wounded, John must take over temporary command, though not entitled by rank to do so, he gives the orders. He turns over command to the senior unwounded general, leads a squad invading the Prophet's private quarters.
They find. The Cabal uses terminology associated with Freemasonry, there are hints that the Masons are one of the groups involved in the loosely organized revolt against the government. Damon Knight wrote of the novel: Revolution...has always been a favorite theme in science fiction. It's romantic, it's reliable, and—as a rule—it's as phony as a Martian princess. Who but Heinlein pointed out, as he does here in detail, that a modern revolution is big business? And who but Heinlein would have seen that fraternal organizations, for thirty years the butt of highbrow American humor, would make the perfect nucleus for an American underground against tyranny? While set in Heinlein's Future History, the story is self-contained and has little connection with other works in the series. However, it is noted in Methuselah's Children that, during the time of this story, the secret of the Howard Families was held close, that the Cabal assisted in helping the Howards maintain their Masquerade, the concealment of the existence of the Howards.
Lazarus Long mentions that he spent the period of the Interregnum, when the Prophets ruled the United States and space travel was forbidden on Venus. The story depicts the start of the negotiations which would lead to the Covenant, the somewhat idealized basis for government depicted in "Coventry", "Misfit", Methuselah's Children. Scudder was mentioned in passing in the short story "Logic of Empire" and on in Heinlein’s final novel To Sail Beyond the Sunset. A story about the rise of Scudder, "The Sound of His Wings", is contained in the Future History timeline, but was never written by Heinlein, who stated in the afterword to Revolt in 2100: "I will never write the story of Nehemiah Scudder, I dislike him too much". A story called "The Stone Pillow", which would have depicted the earlier foredoomed opposition to the Theocracy, never got written, Heinlein noting that there was "too much tragedy in real life"; the 1940 version of "If This Goes On—" was believed to be Heinlein's first novel until the unpublished work For Us, The Living: A Comedy of Customs was discovered in 2003.
However, in the earlier, unpublished novel Scudder, though coming v
Robert A. Heinlein
Robert Anson Heinlein was an American science-fiction author, aeronautical engineer, retired Naval officer. Called the "dean of science fiction writers", He was among the first to emphasize scientific accuracy in his fiction, was thus a pioneer of the subgenre of hard science fiction, his work continues to have an influence on the science-fiction genre, on modern culture more generally. Heinlein became one of the first American science-fiction writers to break into mainstream magazines such as The Saturday Evening Post in the late 1940s, he was one of the best-selling science-fiction novelists for many decades, he, Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke are considered the "Big Three" of English-language science fiction authors. Notable Heinlein works include Stranger in a Strange Land, Starship Troopers and The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress, his work sometimes had controversial aspects, such as plural marriage in The Moon is a Harsh Mistress, militarism in Starship Troopers and technologically competent women characters that were strong and independent, yet stereotypically feminine – such as Friday.
A writer of numerous science-fiction short stories, Heinlein was one of a group of writers who came to prominence under the editorship of John W. Campbell at Astounding Science Fiction magazine, though Heinlein denied that Campbell influenced his writing to any great degree. Within the framework of his science-fiction stories, Heinlein addressed certain social themes: the importance of individual liberty and self-reliance, the obligation individuals owe to their societies, the influence of organized religion on culture and government, the tendency of society to repress nonconformist thought, he speculated on the influence of space travel on human cultural practices. Heinlein was named the first Science Fiction Writers Grand Master in 1974. Four of his novels won Hugo Awards. In addition, fifty years after publication, seven of his works were awarded "Retro Hugos"—awards given retrospectively for works that were published before the Hugo Awards came into existence. In his fiction, Heinlein coined terms that have become part of the English language, including "grok", "waldo", "speculative fiction", as well as popularizing existing terms like "TANSTAAFL", "pay it forward", "space marine".
He anticipated mechanical computer-aided design with "Drafting Dan" and described a modern version of a waterbed in his novel Beyond This Horizon, though he never patented nor built one. In the first chapter of the novel Space Cadet he anticipated the cell-phone, 35 years before Motorola invented the technology. Several of Heinlein's works have been adapted for television. Heinlein was born on July 7, 1907 in Butler, Missouri, he was a 6th-generation German-American: a family tradition had it that Heinleins fought in every American war starting with the War of Independence. His childhood was spent in Missouri; the outlook and values of this time and place had a definite influence on his fiction his works, as he drew upon his childhood in establishing the setting and cultural atmosphere in works like Time Enough for Love and To Sail Beyond the Sunset. Heinlein's experience in the U. S. Navy exerted a strong influence on his writing, he graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, with the class of 1929.
Shortly after graduation, he was commissioned as an ensign by the U. S. Navy, he advanced to lieutenant, junior grade while serving aboard the new aircraft carrier USS Lexington in 1931, where he worked in radio communications in its earlier phases, with the carrier's aircraft. The captain of this carrier was Ernest J. King, who served as the Chief of Naval Operations and Commander-in-Chief, U. S. Fleet during World War II. Heinlein was interviewed during his years by military historians who asked him about Captain King and his service as the commander of the U. S. Navy's first modern aircraft carrier. Heinlein served as gunnery officer aboard the destroyer USS Roper in 1933 and 1934, reaching the rank of lieutenant, his brother, Lawrence Heinlein, served in the U. S. Army, the U. S. Air Force, the Missouri National Guard, reaching the rank of major general in the National Guard. In 1929, Heinlein married Elinor Curry of Kansas City. However, their marriage only lasted about a year, his second marriage in 1932 to Leslyn MacDonald lasted for 15 years.
MacDonald was, according to the testimony of Heinlein's Navy friend, Rear Admiral Cal Laning, "astonishingly intelligent read, liberal, though a registered Republican," while Isaac Asimov recalled that Heinlein was, at the time, "a flaming liberal". At the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard Heinlein met and befriended a chemical engineer named Virginia "Ginny" Gerstenfeld. After the war, her engagement having fallen through, she moved to UCLA for doctoral studies in chemistry and made contact again; as his second wife's alcoholism spun out of control, Heinlein moved out and the couple filed for divorce. Heinlein's friendship with Virginia turned into a relationship and on October 21, 1948 — shortly after the decree nisi came through — they married in the town of Raton, New Mexico, shortly after setting up housekeeping in Colorado, they remained married until Heinlein's death. As Heinlein's increasing success as a writer resolved their initial financial woes, they had a house custom built with various innovative features described in an article in Popular Mechanics.
In 1965, after various chronic health problems of
The Number of the Beast (novel)
The Number of the Beast is a science fiction novel by American writer Robert A. Heinlein, published in 1980; the first edition featured a interior illustrations by Richard M. Powers. Excerpts from the novel were serialized in the magazine Omni; the book is a series of diary entries by each of the four main characters: Zebadiah John Carter, programmer Dejah Thoris "Deety" Burroughs Carter, her mathematics professor father Jacob Burroughs, an off-campus socialite Hilda Corners. The names "Dejah Thoris", "Burroughs", "Carter" are overt references to John Carter and Dejah Thoris, the protagonists of the Barsoom novels of Edgar Rice Burroughs; the four travel in Zebadiah's modified air car Gay Deceiver, equipped with the professor's "continua" device and armed by the Australian Defence Force. The continua device was built by Professor Burroughs while he was formulating his theories on n-dimensional non-euclidean geometry; the geometry of the novel's universe contains six dimensions. The continua device can travel on all six axes.
The continua device allows travel into various fictional universes, such as the Land of Oz, as well as through time. An attempt to visit Barsoom takes them to an different version of Mars under the colonial rule of the British and Russian empires. E. R. B.'s universe is no harder to reach than Mars is in its usual orbit. But that does not mean that you will find Jolly Green Giants and gorgeous red princesses dressed only in jewels. Unless invited, you are to find a Potemkin Village illusion tailored to your subconscious.... In the novel, the biblical number of the beast turns out to be not 666 but 6 or 10,314,424,798,490,535,546,171,949,056, the initial number of parallel universes accessible through the continua device, it is theorized by the character Jacob that the number may be the accessible universes from a given location, that there is a larger structure that implies an infinite number of universes. The novel lies somewhere between parody and homage in its deliberate use of the style of the 1930s' pulp novels.
Many of the plot lines and characters are derived directly from the pulps, as referenced by the first line of the novel: He's a Mad Scientist and I'm his Beautiful Daughter. The Number of the Beast contains many references to the author; the name of every villain is an anagram of a pen name of Robert or Virginia Heinlein. As in many of his works, Heinlein refers to the idea of solipsism, but in this book develops it into an idea he called "World as Myth" — the idea that universes are created by the act of imagining them, so that all fictional worlds are in fact real and all real worlds are figments of fictional figures' fancy, why Heinlein uses the Ouroboros symbology in works like The Cat Who Walks Through Walls; this plays into the ideology of "Thou Art God" from Heinlein's earlier work Stranger in a Strange Land. Jack Kirwan wrote in the National Review that the novel is "about two men and two women in a time machine safari through this and other universes, but describing The Number of the Beast thus is like saying Moby Dick is about a one-legged guy trying to catch a fish".
He goes on to say that Heinlein celebrates the "competent person". Sue K. Hurwitz said in her review for the School Library Journal that it is "a catalog of Heinlein's sins as an author. It's garbage, but right from the top of the heap". Heinlein buff David Potter explained on alt.fan.heinlein, in a posting reprinted on the Heinlein Society, that the entire book is "one of the greatest textbooks on narrative fiction produced, with a magnificent set of examples of HOW NOT TO DO IT right there in the foreground, constant explanations of how to do it right, with literary references to people and books that DID do it right, in the background." He noted that "every single time there's a boring lecture or tedious character interaction going on in the foreground, there's an example of how to do it RIGHT in the background." On 1 February 2019, it was announced that a novel entitled'Six Six Six' would be published from an unpublished Heinlein manuscript. The text of 185,000 words mirrors the Number of the Beast for the first third but deviates from this.
The Number of the Beast title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database The Number of the Beast on Open Library at the Internet Archive
The Notebooks of Lazarus Long
The Notebooks of Lazarus Long is a 1978 selection of aphorisms from one of Robert A. Heinlein's main characters; these were published as two "intermissions" in the 1973 novel Time Enough for Love. In the context of the novel, these quotes were selected from Long's much longer memoirs; some of the phrases are humorous, some philosophical, some quirky. They range in length from one sentence to multiple paragraphs. For example: Cheops' Law: Nothing gets built on schedule or within budget. Anyone who cannot cope with mathematics is not human. At best he is a tolerable subhuman who has learned to wear shoes and not make messes in the house. Rub her feet. If the universe has any purpose more important than topping a woman you love and making a baby with her hearty help, I have never heard of it. Never try to teach a pig to sing—it wastes your time and annoys the pig. In 1978, these "notebooks" were published as a standalone work, with some selections illuminated by D. F. Vassallo. More excerpts were published in New Destinies, Vol. VI/Winter 1988—"Robert A. Heinlein Memorial Issue", edited by Jim Baen.
The Notebooks of Lazarus Long title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
The modern combine harvester, or combine, is a versatile machine designed to efficiently harvest a variety of grain crops. The name derives from its combining three separate harvesting operations—reaping and winnowing—into a single process. Among the crops harvested with a combine are wheat, rye, corn, soybeans, flax and canola; the separated straw, left lying on the field, comprises the stems and any remaining leaves of the crop with limited nutrients left in it: the straw is either chopped, spread on the field and ploughed back in or baled for bedding and limited-feed for livestock. Combine harvesters are one of the most economically important labour saving inventions reducing the fraction of the population engaged in agriculture. In 1826 in Scotland, the inventor Reverend Patrick Bell designed a reaper machine, which used the scissors principle of plant cutting – a principle, still used today; the Bell machine was pushed by horses. A few Bell machines were available in the United States. In 1835, in the United States, Hiram Moore built and patented the first combine harvester, capable of reaping and winnowing cereal grain.
Early versions were pulled by mule or ox teams. In 1835, Moore built a full-scale version with a length of 5.2 m, cut width of 4.57 m and by 1839, over 20 ha of crops were harvested. This combine harvester was pulled by 20 horses handled by farmhands. By 1860, combine harvesters with a cutting, or swathe, width of several metres were used on American farms. A parallel development in Australia saw the development of the stripper based on the Gallic stripper, by John Ridley and others in South Australia by 1843; the stripper only gathered the heads. The stripper and headers had the advantage of less moving parts and only collecting heads, requiring less power to operate. Refinements by Hugh Victor McKay produced a commercially successful combine harvester in 1885, the Sunshine Header-Harvester. Combines, some of them quite large, were drawn by mule or horse teams and used a bullwheel to provide power. Steam power was used, George Stockton Berry integrated the combine with a steam engine using straw to heat the boiler.
At the turn of the twentieth century, horse drawn combines were starting to be used on the American plains and Idaho. In 1911, the Holt Manufacturing Company of California produced a self-propelled harvester. In Australia in 1923, the patented Sunshine Auto Header was one of the first center-feeding self-propelled harvesters. In 1923 in Kansas, the Baldwin brothers and their Gleaner Manufacturing Company patented a self-propelled harvester that included several other modern improvements in grain handling. Both the Gleaner and the Sunshine used Fordson engines. In 1929, Alfredo Rotania of Argentina patented a self-propelled harvester. International Harvester started making horse-pulled combines in 1915. At the time, horse powered stand alone threshing machines were more common. In the 1920s, Case Corporation and John Deere made combines and these were starting to be tractor pulled with a second engine aboard the combine to power its workings; the world economic collapse in the 1930s stopped farm equipment purchases, for this reason, people retained the older method of harvesting.
A few farms used Caterpillar tractors to move the outfits. Tractor-drawn combines became common. An example was the All-Crop Harvester series; these combines used a shaker to separate the grain from the chaff and straw-walkers to eject the straw while retaining the grain. Early tractor-drawn combines were powered by a separate gasoline engine, while models were PTO-powered; these machines either put the harvested crop into bags that were loaded onto a wagon or truck, or had a small bin that stored the grain until it was transferred to a truck or wagon with an auger. In the U. S. Allis-Chalmers, Massey-Harris, International Harvester, Gleaner Manufacturing Company, John Deere, Minneapolis Moline are past or present major combine producers. In 1937, the Australian-born Thomas Carroll, working for Massey-Harris in Canada, perfected a self-propelled model and in 1940, a lighter-weight model began to be marketed by the company. Lyle Yost invented an auger that would lift grain out of a combine in 1947, making unloading grain much easier.
In 1952 Claeys launched the first self-propelled combine harvester in Europe. This newer kind of combine is powered by diesel or gasoline engines; until the self-cleaning rotary screen was invented in the mid-1960s combine engines suffered from overheating as the chaff spewed out when harvesting small grains would clog radiators, blocking the airflow needed for cooling. A significant advance in the design of combines was the rotary design; the grain is stripped from the stalk by passing along a helical rotor, instead of passing between rasp bars on the outside of a cylinder and a concave. Rotary combines were first introduced by Sperry-New Holland in 1975. In about the 1980s on-board electronics were introduced to measure threshing efficiency; this new instrumentation allowed operators to get better grain yields by optimizing ground speed and other operating parameters. Combines are equipped with removable heads that are desig
Revolt in 2100
Revolt in 2100 is a 1953 science fiction collection by American writer Robert A. Heinlein, part of his Future History series; the contents are as follows: Foreword by Henry Kuttner, "The Innocent Eye" "If This Goes On—" "Coventry" "Misfit" Future History chart Afterword: "Concerning Stories Never Written"The short novel, "If This Goes On—", describes a rebellion against an American theocracy and thus served as the vehicle for Heinlein to criticise the authoritarian potential of Protestant Christian fundamentalism. The work is not an attack on religion in general, however, as he has a Mormon community take part in the anti-theocratic revolt. Heinlein rewrote the work for this appearance; the short stories, "Coventry" and "Misfit", describe the succeeding secular liberal society from the point of view of characters who reject it. Paperback editions have paired Revolt in 2100 with Methuselah's Children; the afterword describes three stories which describe the beginning of the theocracy and subsequent beginnings of rebellion against it.
"The Sound of His Wings" would have concerned a televangelist named Nehemiah Scudder who rides a populist, racist wave of support to the Presidency. "Eclipse" describes the subsequent collapse of American society with particular emphasis on the withdrawal from space travel by the new regime. "The Stone Pillow" offers the rise of the rebellion which the protagonists of "If This Goes On-" join. Internal evidence of the series conversations in Methuselah's Children and Time Enough For Love place the Scudder election in the year 2012; the character of Nehemiah Scudder, the "First Prophet" of the regime, appeared in Heinlein's first novel, For Us, The Living. He is used in Spider Robinson's Variable Star, a novel based on an outline of Heinlein's; the novel borrows liberally from Heinlein's Future History, although it does not follow its timeline. Reviewer Groff Conklin described the Shasta edition as "a classic" and the lead story as "a smashing tale of revolution in the United States." Boucher and McComas, described the collection as "mpressive in its time, important in the development of modern science fiction," but found it uneven, "with pages worthy of the mature 1954 Heinlein... followed by passages from the author's literary apprenticeship."
P. Schuyler Miller found Revolt in 2100 to be "a distinctly minor Heinlein contribution... way below the mark Heinlein has set himself in his recent teen-age books." Political ideas in science fiction Religious ideas in science fiction Chalker, Jack L.. The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Bibliographic History, 1923-1998. Westminster, MD and Baltimore: Mirage Press, Ltd. p. 594. Revolt in 2100 title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Revolt in 2100 on Open Library at the Internet Archive