In Christology, the Logos is a name or title of Jesus Christ, derived from the prologue to the Gospel of John "In the beginning was the Word, the Word was with God, the Word was God", as well as in the Book of Revelation, "And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God." These passages have been important for establishing the doctrine of the divinity of Jesus since the earliest days of Christianity. According to Irenaeus of Lyon a student of John's disciple Polycarp, John the Apostle wrote these words to refute the teachings of Cerinthus, who both resided and taught at Ephesus, the city John settled in following his return from exile on Patmos. Cerinthus believed that the world was created by a power far removed from and ignorant of the Father, that the Christ descended upon the man Jesus at his baptism, that strict adherence to the Mosaic Law was necessary for salvation. Therefore, Irenaeus writes, The disciple of the Lord therefore desiring to put an end to all such doctrines, to establish the rule of truth in the Church, that there is one Almighty God, who made all things by His Word, both visible and invisible.
The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by Him, without Him was nothing made. What was made was life in Him, the life was the light of men, and the light shines in darkness, the darkness comprehended it not." Christian theologians consider John 1:1 to be a central text in their belief that Jesus is God, in connection with the idea that the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit together are one God. Although the term Logos or Word is not retained as a title in John's Gospel beyond the prologue, the whole gospel presses these basic claims; as the Logos, Jesus Christ is God in redemption. He is God to the extent that he can be present to knowable to man; the Logos is God, as Thomas stated: "My Lord and my God." Yet the Logos is in some sense distinguishable from God, the Father, for "the Logos was with God." God and the Logos are not two beings, yet they are not identical. The paradox that the Logos is God and yet is in some sense distinguishable from God is maintained in the body of the Gospel.
That God as he acts and as he is revealed does not "exhaust" God as he is, is reflected in sayings attributed to Jesus: "I and the Father are one" and "the Father is greater than I." The Logos is God active in creation and redemption. Jesus Christ not only gives God's Word to us humans; the Logos is God and therefore distinguishable from the Father, being God, of the same substance. This was decreed at the First Council of Constantinople. In the context of first century beliefs, theologian Stephen L. Harris claims that John adapted Philo's concept of the Logos, identifying Jesus as an incarnation of the divine Logos that formed the universe. However, John was not adapting Philo's concept of the Logos but defining the Logos, the Son of God, in the context of Christian thought: To the Jews. To the rabbis who spoke of the Torah as preexistent, as God's instrument in creation, as the source of light and life, John replied that these claims apply rather to the Logos. To the Gnostics. To the Gnostics who would deny a real incarnation, John's answer was most emphatic: "the Word became flesh."
To the Followers of John the Baptist. To those who stopped with John the Baptist, he made it clear that John was not the Light but only witness to the Light; the Greek term Logos was translated in the Vulgate with the Latin Verbum. Both of them concern with the Hebrew דבר Dabar. Among many verses in the Septuagint prefiguring New Testament usage of the Logos is Psalms 33:6 which relates directly to the Genesis creation. Theophilus of Antioch references the connection in To Autolycus 1:7. Irenaeus of Lyon demonstrates from this passage that the Logos, the Son, Wisdom, the Spirit, were present with the Father "anterior to all creation," and by them the Father made all things. Origen of Alexandria sees in it the operation of the Trinity, a mystery intimated beforehand by the Psalmist David. Augustine of Hippo considered that in Ps.33:6 both logos and pneuma were "on the verge of being personified". Τῷ λόγῳ τοῦ κυρίου οἱ οὐρανοὶ ἐστερεώθησαν καὶ τῷ πνεύματι τοῦ στόματος αὐτοῦ πᾶσα ἡ δύναμις αὐτῶν By the word of the Lord were the heavens established, all the host of them by the spirit of his mouth David L. Jeffrey and Leon Morris have seen in Luke 1:2 a first reference to Logos and Beginning:... just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word have delivered them to us.
In the beginning was the Word, the Word was with God, the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; the Word made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth; the Gospel of John begins with a Hymn to the Word which identifies Jesus as the Logos and the Logos as divine. The translation of last four words of John 1:1 has been a particular topic of debate in Western Christianity; this debate centers
Soon I Will Be Invincible is a novel by Austin Grossman, published by Pantheon Books and released on June 5, 2007. The novel uses two alternating first person narratives—the first told from the point of view of Fatale, a female cyborg recruited by the superhero group The New Champions as they investigate the disappearance of a superhero named CoreFire; the other narrative is told from the point of view of Dr. Impossible, a supervillain possessing super-human strength and intellect who suffers from Malign Hypercognition Disorder; the plot follows Impossible's thirteenth attempt to take over the world after escaping from prison. The novel—Grossman's first—was written during his tenure as a video game designer; the book uses characters and storylines associated with comic books and superhero fiction, but is written in prose. The story explores how superheroes interact with one another; the potential motivations and perspectives of supervillains are examined. Grossman's book has been variously described as clever and fun—but overstuffed with comic book tropes.
An audiobook was released along with the hardcover edition, while a movie has been in development since 2008. The novel Soon I Will Be Invincible is the first novel by Austin Grossman, an established video games designer. Grossman had come from a literary family, son of Judith and Allen Grossman and brother of Lev Grossman, which had fostered his ambition to write his own novel. Instead, Grossman accepted a job working in the video game medium which he credited with teaching him to realistically portray creative characters and situations, he always had an interest in the superhero genre, citing Alan Moore and Frank Miller as literary influences. In the mid-1990s, the idea behind what would become his first novel came to him in the form of a supervillain's voice. Grossman spent the next few years casually developing the character that would become Dr. Impossible, adding supporting characters, writing short stories. By 2006, Penguin's imprint Michael Joseph purchased the publishing rights for the UK, as did Rizzoli for an Italian version.
By the time the book was being published, Grossman was 37 years old and had entered the University of California-Berkeley's doctoral program studying English Literature, specializing in Romantic and Victorian literature. After CoreFire, the world's greatest superhero, goes missing, the former members of The Champions re-unite to investigate his disappearance, bringing in two new replacement heroines and Fatale, they suspect CoreFire's nemesis, Dr. Impossible, was involved though he has been incarcerated in a maximum security prison since his defeat by Damsel during his twelfth world domination attempt. An interrogation by two novice heroes about CoreFire's disappearance gives Dr. Impossible the chance to escape and initiate a new attempt at world domination; the New Champions search for Impossible, convinced he is responsible for CoreFire's demise, while he gathers the materials needed to advance his plan. This is intercut with flashbacks to earlier times and his origin, as well as reflections on other paths he could have taken in life.
Fatale observes the actions of the New Champions as its newest member. She feels uncomfortable replacing a popular, deceased member and unworthy of belonging to a superhero group, but she proves herself to be competent and earns the respect of her teammates. Fatale's closest friend on the team is another new member, Lily, a reformed supervillain and former girlfriend of Dr. Impossible. Fatale contrasts Dr. Impossible's flashbacks by having no memory of her life before the accident in Brazil that made her a cyborg, with her exposition coming from her new experiences with the other superheroes. During the investigation, she discovers that the corporation that transformed her into a cyborg was a front for Dr. Impossible during one of his previous plans; the climax is reached on Dr. Impossible's island, as he attempts to start a controlled Ice Age, making him Earth's ruler and only source of energy, he succeeds, using the hammer belonging to the supervillain The Pharaoh to defeat the New Champions.
CoreFire returns but is unsuccessful against Dr. Impossible. Lily, who had quit the team earlier returns and defeats Dr. Impossible. Lily reveals that she is Erica Lowenstein, Dr. Impossible's childhood crush before his transformation and frequent kidnapee when she was the girlfriend of CoreFire. In the final chapter, Dr. Impossible ponders what it means to conquer the world, whether such a feat can be achieved, as he prepares for yet another escape from custody to start the cycle all over again with a new plan. Dr. Impossible, the supervillain narrator; the novel chronicles his escape from maximum security prison and his thirteenth attempt at world conquest. He is the "smartest man in the world." A lab accident involving'zeta radiation' gave him superpowers, consisting of super-reflexes, reasonable super-strength, toughened skin. He was diagnosed with Malign Hypercognition Disorder, he is a pastiche of Doctor Doom. Fatale, the superhero narrator. A rookie hero recruited by the New Champions, she is a cyborg, the result of experimental surgery following a near-fatal accident in São Paulo.
She discovers that the corporation responsible for creating and maintaining her cybernetic parts were a cover for one of Doctor Impossible's schemes. For a time she worked National Security Agency missions, she is a pastiche of Tomorrow Woman. Fatale, a superhero recruited by the New Champions and the narrator of the superhero-half of the novel, she is the result of experimental surgery following a near-fatal accident in São Paulo. She d
Perfect Angel is the second studio album by American singer Minnie Riperton, released in 1974 by Epic Records. The album contains the biggest hit of Riperton's career, "Lovin' You", which topped the U. S. Pop Singles chart for one week in early April 1975. In 1973, a college intern for Epic Records found Riperton in semi-retirement, she had become a mother of two in Florida. After he heard a demo of the song "Lie In The World", the rep took the tape to Gracie Allen, VP of A&R for Epic. Riperton signed with Epic Records, the family moved to Los Angeles. Riperton's husband, Richard Rudolph, said that shortly after she was signed to Epic, Ellis asked them who they wanted to produce the album. Riperton requested Stevie Wonder, busy at the time with his band Wonderlove. Rudolph said that Wonder was a huge fan of Riperton and agreed to produce Perfect Angel under one condition. According to Rudolph, Wonder was signed to Motown and concerned that they would not allow him to work on the project. Wonder said that he would only produce it under a pseudonym and with Rudolph as co-producer.
Therefore, Rudolph recounted, they created the name El Toro Negro for Wonder and a production company called Scorbu Productions. With associate producers Malcolm Cecil and Robert Margouleff on hand engineering and programming the synthesizers and company recorded Perfect Angel at the Record Plant in LA, Stevie Wonder's choice of studio on the West Coast. Perfect Angel was a musical romp through rock, easy-going pop with a wonderful message song that closed out side one. Wonder wrote the title tune as well as “Take a Little Trip”. At the end of production, there were eight completed songs, he asked Riperton and songwriter-husband Richard Rudolph to come up with a tune that they considered to be their “most embarrassing song”. With hesitation, Riperton did mention a lullaby she sang to her daughter Maya to put her to sleep at night so that she and Rudolph could spend “grown-up time”. With Rudolph’s help, Riperton created "Lovin’ You" from that lullaby, the song was recorded with Wonder on electric piano and synthesizers.
Rudolph supplied the chirping birds from a sound effects reel. Epic released Perfect Angel in August 1974, one month after Wonder’s Fulfillingness' First Finale hit the record stores. While the album represented Riperton’s eclectic musical directions, it posed a marketing dilemma with the label: is she a rock, soul or pop singer? As for radio, "Reasons", the first single, was embraced by the rock stations, but R&B radio weren’t too keen on the hard-rocking guitar work heard on the disc. “Every Time He Comes Around” and “Seeing You This Way” hit a similar brick wall. Sales started slow, Epic was ready to move on to the next project However, a few MOR radio stations were playing “Lovin' You” as an album cut. Riperton and Rudolph asked Epic to give the song a shot as a single release; the label agreed and “Lovin’ You” was on 45 in January 1975. The single made a slow three-month climb to #1 on the pop charts in April, thanks to an intense promotional schedule and several in-person concert appearances.
The album went Gold on the strength of "Lovin' You" and remains the only Gold Album in Riperton's career. Minnie Riperton was revered as the "lady with the high voice and flowers in her hair." The album featured the song "Every Time He Comes Around", with Deniece Williams singing the background vocals. In December 2017, Capitol Records released a deluxe edition of Perfect Angel as a two CD set with outtakes and unreleased alternate versions of the original songs. All songs written by Richard Rudolph except where indicated. Side One "Reasons" – 3:25 "It's So Nice" – 4:47 "Take a Little Trip" – 4:11 "Seeing You This Way" – 2:51 "The Edge of a Dream" – 4:20Side Two "Perfect Angel" – 3:41 "Every Time He Comes Around" – 3:55 "Lovin' You" – 3:44 "Our Lives" – 5:42 Information adapted from the original album’s Liner Notes Minnie Riperton – vocals Stevie Wonder – acoustic piano, electric piano, cymbals, bass drum, harmonica Michael Sembello – lead guitar Marlo Henderson – guitar Richard Rudolph – guitar Reggie McBride – bass Ollie E. Brown – drums Rocki Dzidzornu – congas Deniece Williams – backing vocals Yvonne Wright – backing vocals Shirley Brewer – backing vocals Lani Groves – backing vocals Production Baker Bigsby – assistant remix engineer Malcolm Cecil – engineer, associate producer Kent Duncan – mastering Barry Feinstein – cover author Ann Garner – artwork Robert Margouleff – engineer, associate producer Gary Olazabal – assistant engineer Richard Rudolph – producer Stevie Wonder – arranger, producer Four artists who performed on this album would all find themselves sharing space on the pop singles charts within a year of each other, a decade after this album's release.
Minnie Riperton-Perfect Angel at Discogs List of number-one R&B albums of 1975