The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Coin Street Community Builders
Coin Street Community Builders is a development trust and social enterprise which seeks to make London's South Bank a better place in which to live, to work, to visit and to study. Since 1984 CSCB has transformed a derelict 13 acre site into a thriving mixed use neighbourhood. Since its creation in 1984, CSCB redeveloped the Oxo Tower Wharf, Gabriel's Wharf, Bernie Spain Gardens and set up four housing co-operatives; the housing co-operatives are housed in new buildings commissioned by CSCB. Palm was designed by Lifschutz Davidson completed in 1994. Iroko was designed by architects Haworth Tompkins and was completed in 2001. In 2007, CSCB occupied new offices at the Coin Street neighbourhood centre designed by Haworth Tompkins; as well as offices the building includes a day nursery and crèche and meeting facilities. CSCB offers a variety of community programmes for people of all ages including youth clubs and dance sessions and family and children's activities CSCB opposed the Garden Bridge project which would have been built on their land.
The Group Chairman is Dr Scott Rice. The Group Director is Iain Tuckett. Coin Street Community Builders Coin Street — case study by Andrew Bibby Heart of gold article from The Guardian Haworth Tompkins Architects
Bellway plc is a major UK residential property developer based in Newcastle upon Tyne. It is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index; the Company was founded in 1946 by John Thomas Bell and his sons John and Russell as a housebuilder operating in Newcastle upon Tyne under the name John T. Bell & Sons. In 1951 Kenneth Bell, the youngest of the brothers, joined the business; the three brothers developed commercial property in the 1950s and their company, North British Properties, was floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1961. In 1963, North British acquired John T Bell in a reverse takeover; the Bell family managed to tap into the huge demand for private housing that followed World War II promoting developments such as Cramlington New Town, built in partnership with William Leech in the early 1960s. Bellway developed a substantial housebuilding operation in the north of England and sales reached 1,500 units in 1972 with a further 500 in the newly formed Australian and French subsidiaries. In 1973, Bellway moved into the south-east with the purchase of R A Searle.
The group continued to expand through England in the 1970s but its overseas operations were less successful and were closed. In 1979 the "Bellway" private housebuilding business was demerged from the commercial side of the business under the leadership of Kenneth Bell. In 1981 Bellway and fellow Newcastle housebuilder William Leech announced a merger but it was called off within days: "the lifestyle of the two firms looked pretty incompatible". Diversification had not been wholly satisfactory. Howard Dawe reorganised the business, resumed the regional expansion on a more profitable basis and increased the Company's focus on regeneration sites. Family involvement with the Company ended with the death of Kenneth Bell in 1997; the Company does not have national house types and prefers to develop local designs with the help of local people. It achieved a 5 star rating in the 2015/16 Home Builders Federation new home customer satisfaction survey; the company was reported to be on track to build 10,000 homes in 2018 for the first time in its history.
This activity was attributed to low interest rates and good mortgage finance providing buoyancy to the housing market. Official site Yahoo profile London Stock Exchange profile
Balkan Dream Properties
Balkan Dream Properties was an international real estate company with offices in London, Moscow and Svilengrad, as well as in Bulgaria’s resorts Sunny Beach, Golden Sands, Bansko and Varna. The company operates one of the largest real estate networks in Bulgaria, its logo is a Bulgarian folklore detail. In September 2007, at a gala in London’s Grosvenor Square Marriott Hotel, Balkan Dream Properties was recognized as Best real estate agency Website for Bulgaria at the International Property Awards; the company won Best real estate agency and Best real estate agency Website awards in 2006. Costa Rica Velez Realty
Persimmon plc is a British housebuilding company, headquartered in York, England. The company is named after a horse which won the 1896 St. Leger for the Prince of Wales, it is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. Persimmon was founded by Duncan Davidson in 1972. After leaving George Wimpey, Davidson had formed Ryedale Homes in 1965, selling it to Comben Homes in 1972 for £600,000. Davidson restarted development again in the Yorkshire area. In 1984, Persimmon bought Tony Fawcett’s Sketchmead company; the enlarged company was floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1985, by which time the Company was building around 1,000 houses a year. Steady regional expansion took volumes up to 2,000 by 1988 with a target of 4,000 following the housing recession. Tony Fawcett had died in 1990 and in 1993 John White was appointed as chief executive with Davidson remaining as an executive chairman. In 1995, Persimmon made the first of a series of major acquisitions. Ideal Homes, once the largest housebuilder in the country and part of Trafalgar House was bought for £176m giving the Group a much stronger presence in the south-east.
This was followed by the purchase of the Scottish housing business of John Laing plc and Tilbury Douglas Homes. In 2001, Persimmon acquired Beazer Homes UK, for £ 612m; the deal came about after Beazer and Bryant announced a'merger of equals' to create a new house builder called Domus. However, Taylor Woodrow stepped in with a £556 million bid for Bryant, Persimmon bought Beazer, a company named after its founder Brian Beazer, started in Bath; the acquisition of Beazer brought with it Charles Church, a business founded by Charles and Susanna Church in 1965. In January 2006 Persimmon acquired Westbury, another listed UK house builder, for a total consideration of £643 million. In December 2017, Persimmon's chairman, Nicholas Wrigley, resigned over his role in awarding Jeff Fairburn, the CEO, a £128 million bonus; the Persimmon bonus scheme is believed to be the UK's "most generous ever", is scheduled to pay more than £800m to 150 senior staff from 31 December 2016. In April 2019 Persimmon launched an independent review of customer care and quality of work following criticism.
Persimmon had been ranked lowest major housebuilder in the Home Builders Federation annual customer satisfaction survey. The Persimmon Charitable Foundation gives away millions of pounds to local good causes; the winner of its Healthy Communities prize of £200,000 in 2018 was Heart of England Boxing Club. Persimmon’s Community Champions scheme gives away £60,000 every month to local good causes. In 2012 Persimmon gave away a house to charity to celebrate its 40th birthday; the winner was the Harley Staples Cancer Trust. Persimmon provides over 4,500 jobs with a significant number of long serving employees. In 2017 Persimmon built a new brick factory which will produce around 80 million house bricks every year. Persimmon’s Combat to Construction scheme employs ex-military personnel and trains them to build homes, it builds homes under the Persimmon Charles Church and Westbury Partnerships brands. Persimmon has come in for criticism due to poor build quality on a number of their homes. Examples include wiring up sockets dangerously giving the potential to shock, installing wobbly bannisters, laying turf on builder's rubble rather than on newly laid soil and radiators not properly fixed to the wall.
In addition, Persimmon have been criticised for their sales and aftercare processes which do not always live up to the "enjoyable" and "stress free" experiences promised in the company's own pledge. In 2001 Persimmon was fined £125,000 following an employee being crushed to death. HSE investigating inspector Tony Mitchell said: "Companies need to ensure that all safety devices are operational. In this case properly fitted interlocks would have prevented access to the enclosure, saved a life". In 2008 a boy was killed by a falling mantelpiece. Persimmon, which sub-contracted company KD Childs to fit the fireplaces, had not checked the standards and had never received documents about how fireplaces were fitted. A mantelpiece had fallen off at another Persimmon Home but it was treated as a "one-off" incident. In 2013, Persimmon sold a house with a garage, too narrow for a car to fit into. In 2014 a toddler burnt his hand so badly by touching a hot metal sculpture owned by Persimmon Homes at a marina in Portishead, Somerset that he needed morphine and surgery.
In 2016 an 18 month old suffered second degree burns on an unguarded, dangerously hot heater in the sales office at Coity Bridgend. Persimmon refused to issue a safety report. In 2018 a couple created signs warning potential neighbours against buying homes in their Newquay estate, citing multiple faults which Persimmon have, as of 19 July 2018, failed to correct, including patio doors which do not close properly, nails sticking out for their son to discover, damp and mould resulting from poor plumbing. In October 2018, Persimmon boss Jeff Fairburn received widespread criticism after refusing to discuss the bonus awarded to him the previous year; when the bonus was awarded he said he would forego half his shares: the final bonus which therefore was awarded £75 million. This was the largest bonus award by a listed UK company in history. Fairburn has said. In addition analysis carried out showed the shares he retained were the most beneficial to him. Althoug
Grainger plc is a British-based residential property business. It is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index; the business was established by the Dickinson family in 1912 as the Grainger Trust to acquire tenanted residential properties in Newcastle upon Tyne. In the 1970s and 1980s it acquired large residential estates from British Coal, British Rail and Reckitt & Coleman, it was first listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1983. In 1989 it acquired Channel Hotels & Properties and in 2003 it acquired Bradford Property Trust. In 2006 it entered into a joint venture with Development Securities to develop Curzon Park in Birmingham. In 2007 it changed its name to Grainger plc. In 2008 a consortium of Helical Bar and Grainger was named as the preferred developer for the King Street regeneration scheme in Hammersmith. In 2010, Grainger acquired AIM-listed Sovereign Reversions, an equity release provider, subsequently formed a 50:50 joint venture with Moorfield, a UK real estate investor and private equity fund manager.
In 2011 the company entered into a development agreement with the Defence Infrastructure Organisation to create the Wellesley Development, which incorporates the Cambridge Military Hospital at Aldershot and which will generate 3,850 homes. As at 30 September 2018 its investment portfolio was valued at £590 million and its development and trading portfolio was valued at £799 million. Official site Grainger CR Report
West Properties Ltd is a United Kingdom based property development company. The company focuses on high-end development projects, including Skyline Central and Vivo in Manchester. Revenue for the 2008 fiscal year fell from £13.9m, down from £26m the previous year. In their 2012 book, The Untouchables: The People who Helped Wreck Ireland, Shane Ross and Nick Webb note that West Properties was set up and is run by Donal Mulryan, who used to work for Ballymore Group, run by his brother Sean Mulryan. Skyline Central is an elite apartment complex in Manchester which dominates the skyline in the Northern Quarter as Manchester's 11th tallest building at a height of 210 feet, it is known for the luxurious lifestyle it offers its inhabitants over its 18 floors