London Township, Michigan
London Township is a civil township of Monroe County in the U. S. state of Michigan. The population was 3,024 at the 2000 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 35.9 square miles, of which 35.7 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. It is centered at 42°1′N 83°37′W; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,024 people, 1,009 households, 809 families residing in the township. The population density was 84.7 per square mile. There were 1,061 housing units at an average density of 29.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 84.95% White, 12.93% African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.03% Asian, 0.20% from other races, 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.42% of the population. There were 1,009 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.8% were non-families.
15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.35. In the township the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.7 males. The median income for a household in the township was $56,250, the median income for a family was $61,314. Males had a median income of $45,647 versus $27,316 for females; the per capita income for the township was $20,285. About 5.6% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over. London Township home page official page
London Borough of Hillingdon
The London Borough of Hillingdon is a large borough located in Greater London, England which had a population of 273,936 according to the 2011 Census. It was formed from the districts of Hayes and Harlington, Ruislip-Northwood and Yiewsley and West Drayton in the county of Middlesex. Today, Hillingdon is home to Heathrow Airport and Brunel University, is the second largest of the 32 London boroughs by area. Hillingdon Council governs the borough, with its headquarters in the Civic Centre in Uxbridge. For administrative purposes, the borough is split into South Hillingdon; the south's former strong connection with industry has diminished since the 1980s to be replaced by a preponderantly residential suburban population. The borough's residential areas expanded with the extension of the Metropolitan Railway from Harrow on the Hill to Uxbridge in the early 20th century and the gradual establishment of stops along the line, becoming known as "Metro-land"; the borough was formed in 1965 from the Hayes and Harlington Urban District, Municipal Borough of Uxbridge, Ruislip-Northwood Urban District, Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District, all in Middlesex.
The councils involved were unable to decide upon a name, with Keith Joseph suggesting "Uxbridge" in October 1963 revised to Hillingdon. The coat of arms for the London Borough of Hillingdon was granted on 22 March 1965. Between 1973 and 1978, the borough's civic centre was built in Uxbridge; the borough has been twinned with the French town of Mantes-la-Jolie and the German town of Schleswig since the Hayes & Harlington Urban District created the link in 1958. The twinning programme was reviewed in 2011 and it was suggested that the link with Schleswig be ended owing to a lack of contact between the towns. In December 2011, the borough decided instead to end the link with a second German town, citing administrative problems. From 2001 to 2011 the borough's population grew by 11.5% as part of the fastest population-growth area, Greater London. By comparison Merton and Bromley grew by 4.5% and Tower Hamlets grew by 26.4%. The number of households increased from 2001–2011 by 3.3%, the average number of people per household was 2.7.
The borough is governed by an elected council, known interchangeably by the full name and as Hillingdon Council. It is split into wards represented by 65 Labour councillors. A cabinet and leader are elected annually; the present leader of the council is Cllr. Ray Puddifoot MBE of the Conservative Party. Elections for councillors are held every four years. A Mayor is chosen yearly by councillors; the present mayor is Councillor John Morgan, elected on 10 May 2018. In the London assembly elections and Hillingdon Borough form a geographical constituency with one member as there are eleven London-wide members from the four biggest parties. Conservative candidate Richard Barnes won the 2000, 2004 and 2008 elections, since the 2012 election the Labour candidate Onkar Sahota has served as the area's designated member on the London Assembly. At the same election in 2012 Conservative mayoral candidate Boris Johnson won the largest share of Hillingdon's votes in becoming elected Mayor of London for a second term.
The British Government's UK Visas and Immigration has two immigration removal centres: Colnbrook Immigration Removal Centre and Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre in Harmondsworth. The London Borough of Hillingdon is divided into a total of 22 wards: The borough includes RAF Northolt and the former sites of RAF Eastcote, RAF South Ruislip, RAF West Drayton, RAF Ruislip 4MU, RAF West Ruislip and RAF Uxbridge. 52.2% of the borough's population identified themselves as White British in the 2011 census. In the south-east of the borough, in particular Hayes there is a high population of South Asian residents; the wards where Black and Minority Ethnic Residents comprise the largest racial groups are: Barnhill, Townfield, Yeading Whites as a whole form 60.6% of the borough, Asian residents 25.3%, Black residents 7.3%. In addition, the most common language, English, is followed by Punjabi, Polish and Urdu; the borough maintains over 200 green spaces. As much of the area is within the Metropolitan Green Belt it was, in 2008, one of the least densely populated of all the London boroughs.
Council leader Raymond Puddifoot had given a promise that green-belt land in Hillingdon would be safe on his watch:'I can give a categoric assurance that under this administration we will never see a threat to the green belt.' In August 2012, however, Mr Puddifoot announced plans to build on green-belt site Lake Farm in the south of the borough. Dismissing the discontent of residents in the south of the borough, the Conservative majority of the Council's planning committee peremptorily rubber-stamped the plans in March 2013. Harmondsworth Moor, a park owned by the borough, is administered by British Airways on behalf of the borough. After British Airways planned to create a new headquarters in 1992, the airline agreed to convert a former landfill site into Harmondsworth Moor; the Grand Union Canal passes through parts of
London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor. The city had a population of 383,822 according to the 2016 Canadian census. London is at the confluence of the Thames River 200 km from both Toronto and Detroit; the city of London is a separated municipality, politically separate from Middlesex County, though it remains the county seat. London and the Thames were named in 1793 by John Graves Simcoe, who proposed the site for the capital city of Upper Canada; the first European settlement was between 1804 by Peter Hagerman. The village was founded in 1826 and incorporated in 1855. Since London has grown to be the largest Southwestern Ontario municipality and Canada's 11th largest metropolitan area, having annexed many of the smaller communities that surrounded it. London is a regional centre of healthcare and education, being home to the University of Western Ontario, Fanshawe College, several hospitals; the city hosts a number of musical and artistic exhibits and festivals, which contribute to its tourism industry, but its economic activity is centred on education, medical research and information technology.
London's university and hospitals are among its top ten employers. London lies at the junction of Highway 401 and 402, connecting it to Toronto and Sarnia, it has an international airport and bus station. Prior to European contact in the 18th century, the present site of London was occupied by several Neutral and Ojibwe villages. Archaeological investigations in the region show aboriginal people have resided in the area for at least the past 10,000 years; the current location of London was selected as the site of the future capital of Upper Canada in 1793 by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe, who named the village, founded in 1826. It did not become the capital Simcoe envisioned. Rather, it was an administrative seat for the area west of York. Locally, it was part of the Talbot Settlement, named for Colonel Thomas Talbot, the chief coloniser of the area, who oversaw the land surveying and built the first government buildings for the administration of the Western Ontario peninsular region.
Together with the rest of Southwestern Ontario, the village benefited from Talbot's provisions, not only for building and maintaining roads but for assignment of access priorities to main routes to productive land. At the time and clergy reserves were receiving preference in the rest of Ontario. In 1814, there was a skirmish during the War of 1812 in what is now southwest London at Reservoir Hill Hungerford Hill. In 1832, the new settlement suffered an outbreak of cholera. London proved a centre of strong Tory support during the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837, notwithstanding a brief rebellion led by Charles Duncombe; the British government located its Ontario peninsular garrison there in 1838, increasing its population with soldiers and their dependents, the business support populations they required. London was incorporated as a town in 1840. On 13 April 1845, fire destroyed much of London, at the time constructed of wooden buildings. One of the first casualties was the town's only fire engine.
The fire burned nearly 30 acres of land, destroying 150 buildings, before burning itself out the same day. One-fifth of London was destroyed and this was the province's first million dollar fire. Sir John Carling, Tory MP for London, gave three events to explain the development of London in a 1901 speech, they were: the location of the court and administration in London in 1826. The population in 1846 was 3,500. Brick buildings included a jail and court house, large barracks. London had a fire company, a theatre, a large Gothic church, nine other churches or chapels, two market buildings. In 1845, a fire destroyed 150 buildings but most had been rebuilt by 1846. Connection with other communities was by road using stages that ran daily. A weekly newspaper was published and mail was received daily by the post office. On 1 January 1855, London was incorporated as a "city". In the 1860s, a sulphur spring was discovered at the forks of the Thames River while industrialists were drilling for oil; the springs became a popular destination for wealthy Ontarians, until the turn of the 20th century when a textile factory was built at the site, replacing the spa.
Records from 1869 indicate a population of about 18,000 served by three newspapers, churches of all major denominations and offices of all the major banks. Industry included several tanneries, oil refineries and foundries, four flour mills, the Labatt Brewing Company and the Carling brewery in addition to other manufacturing. Both the Great Western and Grand Trunk railways had stops here. Several insurance companies had offices in the city; the Crystal Palace Barracks, built in 1861, an octagonal brick building with eight doors and forty-eight windows, was used for events such the Provincial Agricultural Fair of Canada West held in London that year. It was visited by Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor-General John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar and Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald.. Long before the Royal Military College of Canada was established in 1876, there were proposals for military colleges in Canada. Staffed by British Regulars, adult male students underwent a 3 month long military courses from 1865 at the School of Military Instruction in London.
Established by Militia General Order in 1865, the school enabled Officers of Militia or Candidates for Commission or promotion in the M
London (Samuel Johnson poem)
London is a poem by Samuel Johnson, produced shortly after he moved to London. Written in 1738, it was his first major published work; the poem in 263 lines imitates Juvenal's Third Satire, expressed by the character of Thales as he decides to leave London for Wales. Johnson imitated Juvenal because of his fondness for the Roman poet and he was following a popular 18th-century trend of Augustan poets headed by Alexander Pope that favoured imitations of classical poets for young poets in their first ventures into published verse. London was published anonymously and in multiple editions during 1738, it received critical praise, notably from Pope. This would be the second time. Part of that praise comes from the political basis of the poem. From a modern view, the poem is outshined by Johnson's poem, The Vanity of Human Wishes as well as works like his A Dictionary of the English Language, his Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets, his periodical essays for The Rambler, The Idler and The Adventurer.
During March 1737, Johnson lived in London with his former pupil the actor David Garrick. Garrick had connections in London, the two stayed with his distant relative, Richard Norris, who lived in Exeter Street. Johnson did not stay there long, set out to Greenwich near the Golden Hart Tavern to finish his play, Irene. In October 1737, Johnson brought his wife to London. Soon, Johnson found employment with Edward Cave, wrote for his The Gentleman's Magazine. According to Walter Jackson Bate, his work for the magazine and other publishers "is unparalleled in range and variety", "so numerous, so varied and scattered" that "Johnson himself could not make a complete list". During this time, Johnson was exposed to the "imitations" of Horace composed by Pope and saw how they were used to attack contemporary political corruption. Both the form and subject were popular, Johnson decided to follow Pope's lead by creating his own imitation. In May 1738, London was published anonymously, it went into a second edition that year.
This was his first major work to be published to a wide audience and one of his longest "non-dramatic public poems". It was not written to be a general satire. London is part of Neoclassicism; the work was based on Juvenal's Third Satire which describes Umbricius leaving Rome to live in Cumae in order to escape from the vices and dangers of the capital city. In Johnson's version, it is Thales. Johnson chose Juvenal as a model based on his own appreciation for Juvenal's works; the epigraph from Juvenal, “Quis ineptae / Tam patiens urbis, tam ferreus ut teneat se?” can be translated as “Who is so patient of the foolish city, so iron-willed, as to contain himself?”. The poem describes the various problems of London, including an emphasis on crime and the squalor of the poor. To emphasise his message, these various abstract problems are personified as beings that seek to destroy London. Thus, the characters of Malice and Accident "conspire" to attack those who live in London; the poem begins: Though grief and fondness in my breast rebel, When injured Thales bids the town farewell, Yet still my calmer thoughts his choice commend, I praise the hermit, but regret the friend, Resolved at length, from vice and London far, To breathe in distant fields a purer air, fixed on Cambria's solitary shore, Give to St David one true Briton more.
Who Thales represents is unknown, but it is possible that he represents Richard Savage, Johnson's friend who left London to travel to Wales. The main emphasis of the poem comes to light on line 177: "Slow rises worth, by poverty depressed"; the poem is forced to cut short, the narrator concludes: Much could I add, — but see the boat at hand, The tide retiring, calls me from the land: Farewell! — When youth, health, fortune spent, Thou fly'st for refuge to the wilds of Kent. The government of England under the Whig Sir Robert Walpole opposed to the content expressed in "London." The poem does not hide its political agenda, the lines directed against George II follow a Jacobite political sentiment. Although it does not mention George in line 50, the poem is referring to the king. Not until the end of the poem does the narrator directly address the government when he says: Propose your schemes, ye Senatorian band, Whose Ways and Means support the sinking land, it is through the "Ways and Means", or the Committee of Ways and Means of the House of Commons, that the king is able to tax the people, this function is part of many that Johnson satirises.
The city of London was seen as a means to attack the Whig political party run by Robert Walpole. In particular, Johnson compares the actions of George II and Walpole to those of the Roman emperors during the decline of the Roman Empire. Part of the attack included, as Brean Hammond puts it, "a nostalgic glorification of English history that went hand-in-hand with the representation of the present as in the grip of for
London (Jesus Jones album)
London is the fifth album by the British rock band Jesus Jones in 2001 through Koch Records. Following the commercial failure of 1997's Already which led to the band and EMI parting ways, the band took a hiatus before regathering for the recording of London for Koch/Mi5 Recordings, with a more alternative rock approach as opposed to the techno sounds on their previous albums; the album had low-key promotion only being released in the United States. Two EP's were released from the album, "Nowhere Slow" and "In the Face Of All This"; the band's fourth studio album, was released in 1997 to mixed reviews and bad commercial success, where it only reached 161 in the UK Albums Chart They band chose to focus on the US tour following the album's release. The band and EMI/Food Records parted ways in 1998, for unspecified reasons but due to record sales; the band fell into recording hiatus following this although Tony Arther joined the band in 1998/99 as the band's drummer to replace Gen, who left during the Already era.
Mike Edwards formed. He worked on a solo album that he was approached to make by EMI in 1997 which he chose to put this on hold to focus on Jesus Jones' Already US tour, although when Edwards found time for the solo album, the project was cancelled because he said the album was something "that they'd not be interested in" despite he himself finding some of the tracks to have "good points". Mike Edwards got re-interested in Jesus Jones with the idea that some of his solo songs from the cancelled project could be shaped into Jesus Jones and to sell via the internet. Gen, who left the band years prior got in contact with Mike Edwards indicating he was keen to work again. Lastly, Mi5 Recordings in the United States got in touch with the band in spite of a record contract. Mike Edwards travelled to New York City where he met with the label's manager and discovered they both had similar thoughts on the state of the music industry; the band subsequently signed to the label in 2001 and played several gigs in the UK and US.
When asked in 2001 if London bore musical similarities to the band's previous work, Mike Edwards said there was influences that were "less popular as he was writing the last album that are a central part of this album.", citing drum and bass and garage music as influences on London. He further commented that "those things make it sound different, although saying that my signature hasn't changed in the last 10 years either so I think it's still a Jesus Jones album" and that he thought the album was much more relaxed and happy since "it's been made in a far better atmosphere than the last two albums."Mike Edwards said in promotion of the album that London was a US release where it was released on 9 October 2001, although the band were working out ways "of getting sold around the world. The UK is important to us but there are plenty of fans around the world still that we need to look after". Two singles were released, which were the last two songs on the album, "Nowhere Slow" and "In the Face of All This".
They did not chart. The band embarked on a US tour in December 2001; the album received positive reviews from critics. AllMusic however gave the album three out of 5 stars, noting "London is about and the natural progression in perfecting the music they want to play out live. However, the loyalists who made them superstars nearly ten years prior to this release might have outgrown them." The album did not chart in the UK or US. The band transferred to Mi5 Recordings UK for the next release, Cultue Vulture!. Following the release of London, EMI released a compilation of pre-London material, Never Enough: The Best of Jesus Jones; the band performed in November 2002 for a one-off gig in The Marquee, London where some of the setlist was chosen online by the band's fanclub. This was released as the DVD Live at the Marquee in 2003, as a live album with the same name in 2005. All songs written by Mike Edwards"Message" - 2:24 "Stranger" - 3:28 "The Rocket Ships of La Jolla" - 3:50 "Asleep on the Motorway" - 3:17 "Hello Neon!"
- 4:05 "The A Team" - 3:09 "Half Up the Hill" - 3:27 "The Princess of My Heart" - 3:34 "Getaway Car" - 2:43 "To Get There" - 4:28 "Nowhere Slow" - 4:01 "In the Face of All This" - 3:35
London Records is a British record label that marketed records in the United States and Latin America from 1947 to 1979 before becoming semi-independent. London arose from the split in ownership between the American branches of Decca Records; the American branch of London Records released British Decca records in the U. S. since British Decca could not use the "Decca" name there. The label was noted for classical albums made in state-of-the-art stereophonic sound, such artists as Georg Solti, Joan Sutherland and Luciano Pavarotti; the London name was used by British Decca in the UK market for releases taken from American labels which British Decca licensed, such as Imperial, Dot, Atlantic and Sun, the first two UK releases from Motown. By the 1960s more licensing deals had been made with Big Top, Parrot, Hi, subsidiary labels were London Atlantic, London Dot and London Monument. An unusual feature was the letter code in the numbering system. From the late 1950s until 1973, the label bore the logo "London American Recordings", on Radio Luxembourg it was known as "London American".
In America, the label was best known as the American imprint of the pre–1971 recordings of the Rolling Stones. The label originally issued some early LPs and singles by Texas-based band ZZ Top. In the late 1970s, London signed deals with Bomp! Records and with Big Sound in Connecticut, U. S; this changed the label in the eyes of many from a backwater into something a little more "edgy" compared to the pedestrian contemporary releases from parent company Decca. The president of London Records in the 1970s was D. H. Tollerbond. After British Decca was acquired by PolyGram in 1979, London followed a more independent course with subsidiary labels such as Slash, Pete Tong's Essential Records and FFRR. Universal Music Group acquired PolyGram in 1998. In the 90's Tracy Bennet became President and Colin Bell, Managing Director; when Ames moved to the Warner Music Group, he took the label with him, so all of London's recent back catalogue was acquired by Warner, which acquired the London name and trademark from Decca.
The name is still used for UK-based artists, for ex-Factory Records artists. Notable artists released by that incarnation of London, called London Records 90, include New Order, Happy Mondays, A, Shakespears Sister. After PolyGram took over British Decca, classical-music albums recorded by British Decca continued to be released on the London label in the U. S. with a logo similar to the Decca classical label logo, until American Decca owner Universal bought British Decca owner PolyGram in 1998, after which they were all reissued on the original British Decca label in the U. S; the London pop music catalogue owned by Universal Music is now managed by Polydor Records, with US distribution handled by Mercury Records. Decca Records had a recording studio in West London. In 2010, Universal Music reclaimed ownership of the London Records trademark. On 1 July 2011 Universal Music reclaimed the London Records name and relaunched it under the executive team of Nick Raphael and Jo Charrington who together ran Epic Records for Sony Music Entertainment since 2001.
Both had started their careers at London Records in the Ames era in the 1990s. When Nick Raphael became president of Capitol Records's UK division in 2013, London Records moved there, where it operates as a subsidiary. In July 2017, Because Music announced that it would acquire Warner Music 90, the division of WMG that reissued most London Records artists from the PolyGram era; because completed the deal in August 2017, which includes the rights to over fifty London artists. Warner Music 90 will be rebranded as London Music Stream; because would acquire ten French performers including J. J. Cale's post-Mercury/Shelter catalog with the exception of The Road to Escondido, Mano Negra and The Beta Band from Warners in separate deals. With Because Music being distributed by Caroline Distribution in 2019, this returns London Music Stream to Universal, albeit as an independent label. London Records distributed labels throughout its existence. Among the more familiar labels are: Other subsidiaries include: Astra, All Boy, Ashley, Boot, Best, Brite Leaf, Cannon, Cedwicke, CGD, Chicory, Circle, Collier, Country Capers, Deaux, Domain, Edit, Folk Sing, G.
S. P. George, Great, Gulf, Hi Country, Imco, Jay Boy, Johen, K&G, KAB, Kingfish, LeJoint, London International, Louis, M. O. C. Mach, Magna Glide, Medway, Nefi, PAC, Pawn, Pen, P-K-M, Renegade, Ritz, Running Bear, Sahara, SCA, Shar-Dee, Siana, Splash, Sultan, Tarheel, Terrace, Tilt, Unison, Watch and XYZ Marion Menswear Gay Dad Onslaught Back to the Planet Banderas Chumbawamba East 17 The Yes/No People Voice of the Beehiv
Eday is one of the islands of Orkney, which are located to the north of the Scottish mainland. One of the North Isles, Eday is about 24 kilometres from the Orkney Mainland. With an area of 27 square kilometres, it is the ninth largest island of the archipelago; the bedrock of the island is Old Red Sandstone, exposed along the sea-cliffs. There are various well-preserved Neolithic tombs, as well as evidence of Bronze Age settlement and the remains of a Norse-era castle. During the period of Scottish rule the substantial property of Carrick House was developed at Calfsound, which became a burgh for a short period. During the British era many agricultural improvements were introduced, although there has been a substantial decline in the population since the mid-nineteenth century. In the twenty-first century the Eday Partnership has had success in promoting the island's economy. Local placenames reflect the diverse linguistic heritage and the landscapes of the island and its surrounding seas attract abundant wildlife.
Eday is 14 kilometres long from north to south but only just over 500 metres wide at the narrow neck of land between the Sands of Doomy and Bay of London and has been described as being "nipped at the waist". The centre of the island is moorland covered with heather, cultivation is confined to the coasts; the highest points are Flaughton Hill at the island's centre, Fersness Hill at West Side, Vinquoy Hill to the north and Ward Hill to the south, which reaches 101 metres. In Orkney this last name, which derives from the Norse varði, is a common one for the highest point on an island as in the past they were used for lighting warning beacons; the largest body of water is the 10-hectare sea, south east of Vinquoy Hill. Loch of Doomy lies on the western side of the narrow "waist" and the smaller Loch Carrick on the north coast; the population is dispersed along the coastal farmsteads and nowhere on the island has the status of a village. Calfsound is the most populous of the settled areas, with other concentrations at Millbounds on the east coast, which has a post office and a community facility in a converted chapel, Backaland in the south where the ferry from the Mainland docks.
Eday is surrounded by other small islands that make up the "seemingly impossible green and russet jigsaw of Orkney's North Isles". Calf of Eday lies 350 metres to the north of the settlement of Calfsound. Further east is Sanday across the Eday Sound. Stronsay and Linga Holm are to the south east and Muckle Green Holm to the south west beyond the straits known as the Fall of Warness. Egilsay lies some 5 kilometres due west. Rusk Holm and Holm of Faray lie beyond the Sound of Faray to the north west and beyond them is the larger island of Westray. In common with its neighbouring isles, Eday is formed from Middle Devonian Old Red Sandstone deposited in the Orcadian Basin; the Eday Group is the name for a substantial sequence of sandstones, found at many locations in Orkney, for which Eday and the area around Eday Sound are the type area. In places it is up to 800 metres thick, is composed of yellow and red sandstones with intervening grey flagstones and marls; the rock is quarried and some of the yellow sandstones from Fersness were used in the construction of St Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall.
The Devonian sequence is deformed into a major fold, the north-south trending Eday Syncline, with the youngest part of the sequence, the Upper Eday Sandstone outcropping in the north of the island from Bay of Cusby to Red Head. The oldest part of the sequence, the Rousay Flagstones are found on the eastern side of the island at Bight of Milldale and from Kirk Taing to War Ness, to the west from Sealskerry Bay to Fersness. Veness is formed of Upper Eday Sandstone downfaulted against the flagstones; the limited archaeological record provides scant evidence of Mesolithic life in Orkney, but the assemblage of houses and monumental Neolithic structures in the archipelago is without parallel in the United Kingdom. The chambered cairn of Vinquoy, located in a commanding position overlooking the Calf Sound, is 17 metres in diameter and 2.5 metres high. The narrow entrance passage of this Maeshowe-type tomb leads to a central chamber with four side-cells. Other sites of interest on Eday include the Stone of Setter standing stone that dominates the col north of Mill Loch, which at 4.5 metres high is one of the tallest monoliths in Orkney.
There are another on the Calf of Eday. Rectangular in shape, it was excavated in 1936–37 and contains a small chamber with two compartments and a larger one with four stalls that has a separate entrance and was added at a date. Although there are several Bronze Age sites on the island, they provide less dramatic remains. At Warness in the south west there is a burnt mound from this period and there are the ruins of two houses of a similar age on Holm of Faray near the Point of Dogs Bones; the Fold of Setter is an 85-metre-diameter Bronze Age enclosure located to the north of Mill Loch. There is the site of a large Iron Age roundhouse containing a saddle quern at Linkataing in north west Eday. Latterly, Orkney was settled by the Picts, it is not known "when and how the Vikings conquered and occupied the Isles", although Norse contacts with Scotland predate the first written records in the 8th century, their nature and frequency are unknown. The place name evidence of a Norse presence on Eday is conclusive and little is known about the specifics of life on the island at this time.
The Norse-era ruins of the Castle of Stackel Brae, which dates from the 12th or 13th ce