Dunton Green is a small village that forms a northern suburb of Sevenoaks and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, lying in the valley of the River Darent. Three miles north of Sevenoaks, Dunton Green is designated as being part of the Kent Downs area of outstanding natural beauty, due to its proximity to the North Downs; the original ecclesiastical church parish of Dunton Green was part of Otford parish. The former parish church was dedicated to St John the Divine. From at least the 17th century, Dunton Green was a centre for making tiles. In 1862, the Dunton Green Brick and Pottery Works was established: a large concern with clayholes or pits, kilns and an engine house. While clay was being dug for, many fossils were discovered. St John the Divine's Church, the Anglican parish church, was designed by M. T. built in 1889 -- 90 using local bricks. It was declared redundant in 1987 after congregations declined, is now in commercial use; the village Anglican church is now St Mary's, Riverhead and its distinctive green copper spire can be seen rising up in the distance from the village.
Dunton Green Free Church opened in 1873 in a building which became the Bethel Free Church, associated with the Assemblies of God Pentecostal denomination. The Free Church moved to a new building on Station Road, opened in September 1937. Still with its original name, it is a member of the Congregational Federation. Dunton Green railway station provides frequent fast train services to London Cannon Street, London Bridge, London Waterloo and London Charing Cross. Otford station, with its regular 30-minute services to London Victoria, is a 5-minute drive away. There are regular bus services to central Sevenoaks and surrounding villages; the Arriva 402 bus links the village with Sevenoaks, Tonbridge for Hospital at Pembury| Tunbridge Wells and Farnborough Hospital. The Arriva 452 bus links Dunton Green with Sevenoaks, Bat & Ball and Kemsing. There is the Go Coach 401 bus service that can be caught at Riverhead Tesco, runs every day. Sevenoaks Information provides a comprehensive What's on events diary for Dunton Green and the surrounding area.
Dunton Green Community Forum and events calendar. Add your own event and discuss local news; the Dunton Green Social Club offers great entertainment in the village most weekends. National and regional walking trails pass through the village and there are various local footpaths too; the Darent Valley Path is accessed from Rye Lane and follows the course of the River Darent from Sevenoaks to Dartford. There is a local footpath that follows the north of Chipstead Lake and takes you to Chipstead; the North Downs Way passes the northern end of the village at London Road. Heading west will take you along the North Downs to Betsoms Hill, on to Farnham. Heading east will take you to Otford, up to Wrotham, on to the White Cliffs of Dover. Along the London Road there are many shops, businesses and restaurants; the main village arcade is situated between Dunton Green Primary Lennard Road. There are three pubs; the nearest local Library is run by Kent County Council. You can order library items online for collection and there are telecottage facilities available.
Digital television has been available for aerials pointing east in Dunton Green since 2006 from the Blue Bell Hill Transmitter for Kent & Sussex TV transmissions, now broadcasting in HD. List of places of worship in Sevenoaks Media related to Dunton Green at Wikimedia Commons
National Bus Company (UK)
The National Bus Company was a nationalised bus company that operated in England and Wales between 1969 and 1988. NBC did not run buses itself, but was the owner of a number of regional subsidiary bus operating companies. Following the Labour Party victory at the 1966 general election, Barbara Castle was appointed Minister for Transport. Castle ordered a review of public transport, with a view to formulating a new transport policy. Among the issues to be tackled were the ownership and operation of bus services, which were losing patronage and profitability due to increased prevalence of private motor cars; the state owned a considerable proportion of scheduled bus operators outside the major cities, having obtained the Tilling Group companies in 1948 as a byproduct of nationalising the railways. The Tilling Group was subsequently placed under the ownership of the nationalised Transport Holding Company. London Transport was nationalised in 1948 and others voluntarily aquiesced, such as Red & White in 1950.
When the Labour Party lost power to the Conservatives in 1951, the Nationisation Policy remained unfinished. Castle proposed forming regional transport authorities, which would take over the THC subsidiaries and municipal transport undertakings in their area, would have the power to acquire private bus operators. However, in November 1967 British Electric Traction unexpectedly offered to sell its bus operations to the government. BET, the only major private bus operating group, received £35 million for its 25 provincial bus companies and 11,300 vehicles; the deal meant that the state or municipal bus operators now operated some 90% of scheduled bus services in England and Wales. Instead of forming the regional authorities, the government published a white paper proposing the merger of the THC and BET organisations into a single National Bus Company; the recommendations of the white paper formed part of the Transport Act 1968. The 1968 Act reorganised the nationalised bus operation in Scotland, where subsidiaries formed the Scottish Bus Group.
The National Bus Company was formed on 1 January 1969. In 1970, the company was enlarged when it acquired the country area buses of London Transport, the bus operations of the county boroughs of Exeter and Luton, the Gosport & Fareham Omnibus Company, trading under the name of Provincial. Buses were operated with their own fleetnames and liveries. In the early years of the company, there was some rationalisation leading to the amalgamation of operators into larger units and the transfer of areas between them. One was the merging of Aldershot & District with Thames Valley on 1 January 1972. Another example was the transfer of the'land-locked' Trowbridge operations from Western National to Bristol Omnibus in 1970. Following the appointment of Fred Wood as chairman in 1972, NBC introduced corporate images. Henceforward its coaches were branded as National Travel and painted in unrelieved white, with the NBC logo and the'NATIONAL' name in alternate red & blue letters; the services were rebranded as National Express soon afterwards.
The addition of blue and white stripes appeared in 1978. National Travel was the country's first attempt at a uniformly marketable express network, which superseded Associated Motorways and the plethora of other services provided by individual NBC subsidiaries; the coaches were managed by a few areas and included travel agent booking offices based at major bus stations. A hub and spoke system operated with the main hub at Cheltenham. Around the same time the company launched a wide number of UK holiday services under the banner "National Holidays"; this brand and its travel agent booking offices existed until the mid-1990s when the coach holiday division closed. The National Express overseas travel business was relaunched under the name Eurolines. In the 1970s all local service buses adopted a uniform design in either leaf green or poppy red with white relief, bearing the company fleetname in white with the new NBC "double-N" arrow logo. There were, exceptions: buses operating in the area of the Tyne & Wear Passenger Transport Executive became yellow in a similar fashion to the PTE's own fleet but to the NBC design.
Although NBC operated throughout England and Wales, it was not a monopoly. Services were provided by London Transport in Greater London, the fleets of the municipal bus companies and passenger transport executives, by independent operators in some rural areas and a few small towns; the NBC inherited from the Transport Holding Company 75% shareholdings in chassis manufacturer Bristol Commercial Vehicles and body builder Eastern Coach Works. In 1969 NBC formed a joint venture with British Leyland, by means of which British Leyland became a 50% owner of the NBC's manufacturing companies; the joint venture built a new single-deck bus, the Leyland National. The first was delivered in 1972, it remained in production until 1986; the National was available to other bus operators. In 1982 NBC sold its 50% interest in the joint venture to British Leyland. In the late 1970s and early 1980s services were reviewed under a process known within instigator Midland Red as the Viable Network Project and subse
The AEC Routemaster is a front-engined double-decker bus, designed by London Transport and built by the Associated Equipment Company and Park Royal Vehicles. The first prototype was completed in September 1954 and the last one was delivered in 1968; the layout of the vehicle was conventional for the time, with a half-cab, front-mounted engine and open rear platform, although the coach version was fitted with rear platform doors. Forward entrance vehicles with platform doors were produced as was a unique front-entrance prototype with the engine mounted transversely at the rear; the first Routemasters entered service with London Transport in February 1956 and the last were withdrawn from regular service in December 2005, although one heritage route is still operated by Routemasters in central London. The first London bus route to be operated by the Routemaster was route 2, on 8 February 1956, with RM1; the same bus, with a revised front end, appeared at the Lord Mayor's Show in November 1956. Most Routemasters were built for London Transport, although small numbers were built for British European Airways and the Northern General Transport Company.
A total of 2,876 Routemasters were built. A pioneering design, the Routemaster outlasted several of its replacement types in London, survived the privatisation of the former London Transport bus operators and was used by other operators around the UK. In modern UK public transport bus operation, the old-fashioned features of the standard Routemaster were both praised and criticised; the open platform, while exposed to the elements, allowed boarding and alighting in places other than official stops. Despite the retirement of the original version, the Routemaster has retained iconic status, is considered a British cultural icon. In 2006, the Routemaster was voted one of Britain's top 10 design icons which included Concorde, Supermarine Spitfire, London tube map, World Wide Web and the K2 telephone box. In the late-2000s, work began on a New Routemaster bus inspired by the Routemaster's traditional design, it entered service in February 2012. The Routemaster was developed between 1947 and 1956 by a team directed by AAM Durrant and Colin Curtis, with vehicle styling by Douglas Scott.
The design brief was to produce a vehicle, lighter, easier to operate and that could be maintained by the existing maintenance practices at the opened Aldenham Works, but with easier and lower-cost servicing procedures. The resulting vehicle seated 64 passengers, despite being three-quarters of a ton lighter than buses in the RT family, which seated 56; the first task on delivery to service was to replace London's trolleybuses, which had themselves replaced trams, to begin to replace the older types of diesel bus. The Routemaster was designed by London Transport and constructed at Park Royal Vehicles, with the running units provided by its sister company AEC. Both companies were owned by Associated Commercial Vehicles, taken over by Leyland Motors in 1962, it was an innovative design and used lightweight aluminium along with techniques developed in aircraft production during World War II. As well as a novel, weight-saving integral design, it introduced for the first time on a bus independent front suspension, power steering, a automatic gearbox and power-hydraulic braking.
This surprised some early drivers, who found the chassis unexpectedly light and nimble compared with older designs as depicted on film on tests at the Chiswick Works skid pan. Footage of RM200 undergoing the skid test at Chiswick was included in the 1971 film On the Buses; the Routemaster was a departure from the traditional chassis/body construction method. It was one of the first "integral" buses, with a combination of an "A" steel sub-frame and a rear "B" steel sub-frame, connected by an aluminium body; the gearbox was mounted on the underside of the body structure with shafts to the engine and back axle. Pre-war London trolleybuses, had adopted chassisless construction; as part of the Transported by Design programme of activities, on 15 October 2015, after two months of public voting, the original Routemaster bus was elected by Londoners as one of the 10 favourite transport design icons. London Transport placed four prototype Routemasters in service between 1956 and 1958; the first two were built at the London Transport works at Chiswick, the third by Weymann at Addlestone and the fourth, an experimental Green Line coach, at Eastern Coach Works at Lowestoft.
The third and fourth had mechanical units. The Routemaster was first exhibited at the Earl's Court Commercial Motor Show in 1954. In 1961, 24 longer RMLs were built as a test, going into production from 1965. In 1962, the front entrance RMF concept was tried, with RMF1254 based on the trial RMLs; this toured, leading to the production of a small number of RMF and RMA buses. In 1964, just before commencement of mainstream production of the RML, the final front-engined Routemasters, AEC started work on a front-entrance, rear-engined prototype, FRM1. Completed in 1966, it saw regular London service on London Coaches tour operations, before being withdrawn in 1983, it was nicknamed the Fruitmaster. Production of mechanical components was undertaken chiefly at AEC's Southall site with body construction and final assembly at Park Royal Vehicles; the majority of production examples were 27 feet 6 inches long, within maximum length regul
London Country South West
London Country South West was a bus operator in South East England and London. It was formed from the split of London Country Bus Services in 1986 and operated a fleet of around 415 buses from 10 garages, with its headquarters in Guildford. In the run-up to deregulation, London Country Bus Services was broken into four smaller companies on 7 September 1986; the South West division contained 415 buses. On 19 February 1988, LCSW was sold to the Drawlane Group. In 1989 the London & Country trading name was adopted, being applied to a new two-tone green and red livery. LCSW entered the London Regional Transport market, winning several contracts using second-hand Leyland Atlanteans from Greater Glasgow, GM Buses and Busways, where deregulation was making the major fleets dispose of large numbers of surplus vehicles. LCSW purchased new buses, with a batch of Dennis Dominators purchased for route 131 followed by thirteen 88-seater East Lancs bodied Volvo Citybuses, entered service at Addlestone garage in September 1989, displacing Leyland Atlanteans.
In 1989, the airport coach operations at Crawley and Staines had been split off as Speedlink Airport Services. Additionally the private hire fleet was consolidated into re-branded Countryliner. A new garage was opened in Newington Butts, near Elephant & Castle for the operation of London Regional Transport tendered route 78 and part of route 176, this was moved to the more suitable ex London Transport Walworth garage. Following LCSW tendering to operate route 320 from Westerham to Bromley, buses were outstationed at Kentish Bus' Dunton Green garage from 1 September 1990. Garages at the time were Crawley, Guildford, Staines, Addlestone and Godstone, as well as an outstation of Crawley at Broadbridge Heath. In 1990, to cater for an increase in tendered London Regional Transport services, a new Beddington Road garage was built, with Chelsham and Godstone closing. Acquisitions of London & Country during 1989-1995 were: their garage at Warnham. Gem Fairtax based at Crawley; the former Alder Valley operations and garages at Cranleigh and Woking which were rebranded West Surrey Buses and Guildford & West Surrey.
Blue Saloon ABC Taxis of Slyfield, Guildford was merged with the Countryliner fleet. AML Coaches, a small operator based in Hounslow and their garage and some buses were retained for a time; as well as Scarlett Coaches of Minehead, Stanbridge & Crichel/Oakfield Tarvel of Dorset, Southend Transport, Colchester Borough Transport and District Bus of Essex and a small coach operator in North London. In November 1992, the Drawlane Group was restructured as British Bus. Garages by 1992 were located at Cranleigh, Croydon, Hounslow, Reigate, Walworth and Woking, with buses outstationed at Kentish Bus' Dunton Green garage. In 1996, with the demise of the National Greenway project, a new garage was opened at Merstham to replace the facility at Reigate; the Croydon, Dunton Green and Walworth operations were separated off into a new Londonlinks company, itself a subsidiary of fellow British Bus company Maidstone & District. The garages returned to London & Country management in late 1998, in November 1999 became part of Arriva London.
On 1 August 1996, British Bus was sold to the Cowie Group, which in November 1997 was rebranded as Arriva. In 1997, a new garage was opened at Greenford, intended to replace Hounslow, to operate route 105. Leatherhead garage closed and for a short time buses for London Regional Transport contract buses were out-stationed at Fulwell bus garage. During 1999 and 2000, the London & Country and Guildford & West Surrey brands fell out of use, being replaced by Arriva Southern Counties and Arriva London; the fleet that were transferred to Arriva Southern Counties is Dennis Dart SLF and Dennis Dominator buses. With the loss of the Redhill Surrey tenders, in March 2001 Crawley garage was sold to Metrobus
London Buses route 19
London Buses route 19 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Battersea Bridge and Finsbury Park bus station, it is operated by Arriva London. Route 19 began operating in 1906 between Clapham Junction. In 1934 route 19 operated from Finsbury Park to Tooting Bec station with a Sundays only extension to Streatham Common. By 17 October 1956 the Sunday extension had been withdrawn between Streatham and Tooting, although it was reintroduced the following year on 1 May 1957 for a short period until its withdrawal on 16 October 1957. On 23 January 1966, the route was once again given a Sunday extension, this time to Streatham Bus Garage and by 15 February 1969 the Sunday route was renumbered 19A, reverted to 19 by March 1971; the Sunday extension was withdrawn on 8 January 1972. That year, on 15 July, the Sunday service was cut back to Clapham Junction. During August 1972, the AEC Regent III RTs were replaced by AEC Routemasters, it was not until 5 October 1974 that the Sunday service reverted to Tooting Bec, following the withdrawal of route 19A.
During 1975 garage journeys were extended to Tufnell Park, with the whole route being extended further to Archway by 1984. On 3 August 1985, the route was withdrawn between Finsbury Archway. On 24 April 1993, route 19 became the first Routemaster operated service to be awarded to a company, not a subsidiary of London Buses Limited following the route being awarded to Kentish Bus after a competitive tender. Kentish Bus painted their Routemasters in a maroon livery with route branding. Following nearly five years with Kentish Bus, operation transferred to Arriva London South in January 1998, with the Sunday service operated by sister Arriva company Grey-Green. A departure from the cream and maroon livery saw a return to the traditional London Bus red to comply with a contractual requirement for London buses to be 80% red. A little over a year and after a period of 14 years, the Sunday allocation reverted to crew operation using Routemasters from Battersea; the Brixton allocation was retained for some early and late journeys run off the N19.
In August 2002, in preparation for the introduction London congestion charge, the service was increased from 18 Routemasters to 26. The extra buses were released from route 13. On 2 April 2005 the route was converted to one man operation with 28 new Wright Pulsar Gemini bodied DAF DB250LFs. Although Battersea was able to house all of the Routemasters needed to run the route, the newer and longer buses presented capacity problems, with six buses being outstationed at Norwood garage. Upon being re-tendered, route 19 passed to London General’s Stockwell Garage on 31 March 2012 with new Wright Eclipse Gemini 2 bodied Volvo B5LHs and B9TLs. On 28 March 2015, part of the route's allocation was transferred to Northumberland Park. Route 19 was one of the routes used to test automatic speed-limiting technology, beginning in July 2015. Upon being re-tendered, the route was won by Arriva London who resumed operating it on 1 April 2017. New Volvo B5LH/Wright Eclipse Gemini 3s are in use on the route. Route 19 has been mentioned at various points in popular culture.
In Graham Greene's novel The Ministry of Fear, which he classified as an "entertainment", the protagonist, Arthur Rowe, catches "a number 19 bus from Piccadilly" to Battersea in the London of the Blitz and observes how the bombs have struck some areas and spared others: "After the ruins of St James's Church, one passed at that early date into peaceful country. Knightsbridge and Sloane Street were not at war, but Chelsea was, Battersea was in the front line" The 1978 Dire Straits song Wild West End contains the line "And my conductress on the number 19...". The route is referenced in the first line of Rudie Can't Fail by The Clash. In November 2007, the route was featured in Vogue as "one of the 14 most stylish locations in Britain" The opening pages of Linda Grant's novel The Dark Circle describe the hero, riding on a 19 bus from Finsbury Park to Cambridge Circus in 1949. Route 19 operates via these primary locations: Battersea Bridge South Side, Howie Street Kings Road Sloane Square station Knightsbridge station Piccadilly Circus station Shaftesbury Avenue Vernon Place for Holborn station Angel station Islington High Street Highbury & Islington station Finsbury Park bus station Media related to London Buses route 19 at Wikimedia Commons Timetable
Greater London is a ceremonial county of England, located within the London region. This region forms the administrative boundaries of London and is organised into 33 local government districts—the 32 London boroughs and the City of London, located within the region but is separate from the county; the Greater London Authority, based in Southwark, is responsible for strategic local government across the region and consists of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly. The City of London Corporation is the principal local authority for the City of London, with a similar role to that of the 32 London borough councils. Administratively, Greater London was first established as a sui generis council area under the Greater London Council between 1963 and 1986; the county of Greater London was created on 1 April 1965 through the London Government Act 1963. The area was re-established as a region in 1994; the Greater London Authority was formed in 2000. The region had a population of 8,174,000 at the 2011 census.
The Greater London Built-up Area is used in some national statistics and is a measure of the continuous urban area and includes areas outside the administrative region. The term Greater London has been and still is used to describe different areas in governance, statistics and common parlance. In terms of ceremonial counties, London is divided into the small City of London and the much wider Greater London; this arrangement has come about because as the area of London grew and absorbed neighbouring settlements, a series of administrative reforms did not amalgamate the City of London with the surrounding metropolitan area, its unique political structure was retained. Outside the limited boundaries of the City, a variety of arrangements has governed the wider area since 1855, culminating in the creation of the Greater London administrative area in 1965; the term Greater London was used well before 1965 to refer to the Metropolitan Police District, the area of the Metropolitan Water Board, the London Passenger Transport Area and the area defined by the Registrar General as the Greater London Conurbation.
The Greater London Arterial Road Programme was devised between 1913 and 1916. One of the larger early forms was the Greater London Planning Region, devised in 1927, which occupied 1,856 square miles and included 9 million people. Although the London County Council was created covering the County of London in 1889, the county did not cover all the built-up area West Ham and East Ham, many of the LCC housing projects, including the vast Becontree Estates, were outside its boundaries; the LCC pressed for an alteration in its boundaries soon after the end of the First World War, noting that within the Metropolitan and City Police Districts there were 122 housing authorities. A Royal Commission on London Government was set up to consider the issue; the LCC proposed a vast new area for Greater London, with a boundary somewhere between the Metropolitan Police District and the home counties. Protests were made at the possibility of including Windsor and Eton in the authority; the Commission made its report in 1923.
Two minority reports favoured change beyond the amalgamation of smaller urban districts, including both smaller borough councils and a central authority for strategic functions. The London Traffic Act 1924 was a result of the Commission. Reform of local government in the County of London and its environs was next considered by the Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London, chaired by Sir Edwin Herbert, which issued the'Herbert Report' after three years of work in 1960; the commission applied three tests to decide if a community should form part of Greater London: how strong is the area as an independent centre in its own right. Greater London was formally created by the London Government Act 1963, which came into force on 1 April 1965, replacing the administrative counties of Middlesex and London, including the City of London, where the London County Council had limited powers, absorbing parts of Essex, Hertfordshire and Surrey. Greater London had a two-tier system of local government, with the Greater London Council sharing power with the City of London Corporation and the 32 London Borough councils.
The GLC was abolished in 1986 by the Local Government Act 1985. Its functions were devolved to the City Corporation and the London Boroughs, with some functions transferred to central government and joint boards. Greater London formed the London region in 1994; the London referendum, 1998 established a public will to recreate an upper tier of government to cover the region. The Greater London Authority, London Assembly and the directly elected Mayor of London were created in 2000 by the Greater London Authority Act 1999. In 2000, the outer boundary of the Metropolitan Police District was re-aligned to the Greater London boundary; the 2000 and 2004 mayoral elections were won by Ken Livingstone, the final leader of the GLC. The 2008 and 2012 elections were won by Boris Johnson; the 2016 election was won by Sadiq Khan. Greater London includes the most associated parts of the Greater London Urban Area and their historic buffers and includes, in five boroughs, significant parts of the Metropolitan Green Belt which protects designated greenfield land in a similar way to the city's parks.
The closest and furthest boundaries are with Essex to the northeast between Sewardstonebury next to Epping Forest and Chingford and with the Mar