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London Public Library

The London Public Library is the public library system of London, Canada. All 16 locations city-wide offer services and programs for adults and children residing in London and the surrounding counties of Oxford and Elgin; the branches includes art exhibits, author readings, a summer reading program, health-oriented activities. LPL provides many services to its patrons, such as the following: Information and reference services to assist patrons in locating specific library materials Community resources Internet access Reader's advisory services for read-alike suggestions Programming for children and adults Visiting Library Services Interlibrary Loans for materials not available at LPL but found in another library system outside of it Book Club in a Bag In order to borrow materials from the library, both physically and electronically, a membership is needed to the London Public Library; the library card provides access to materials at any of the 16 branches in the city, as well as access to many digital resources through the library's website.

Library cards are free to all London and area residents, excluding Woodstock Paid subscription membership cards are available to those who live outside of the areas mentioned above Borrowing privileges are as follows: A maximum of 60 items may be signed out to a patron at a time A maximum of 20 DVDs may be signed out at a time A 3-item card, as well as a "Computer Only" card are possible in special scenarios Most items can be borrowed for three weeks and renewed up to three times, provided there are no holds on them for other patrons Quickpicks, adult magazines, feature films may only be signed out for one week, with no renewals allowed on Quickpicks due to their popular demand Overdue items accumulate fines at a rate of 15 cents/item daily for teens and seniors, 30 cents/item daily for adults Children's cards are fine free, only subject to costs associated with a missing or damaged itemMaterials which can be borrowed include: Books Audiobooks, books in mp3 format DVDs and CDs Newspapers and Magazines Board Games Wireless Hotspots* Laptops**Wireless Hotspots and Laptops must be returned within the seven-day loan period to ensure charges for the device are not applied to account.

In addition to over 140 scheduled programs, the LPL offers year-round programming as well. Some these programs include: Book a Librarian - offers individual, 1-on-1 help for anyone seeking to learn how to use the library and/or library resources for their research. One hour sessions are available in person at the branches, with a maximum of two sessions/person each month. In the first year of this pilot program in 2015, over 220 "Book a Librarian" sessions took place. Library Settlement Partnership - multilingual LSP workers assist newcomers with information regarding housing and healthcare at Jalna and Beacock locations The Welcome Centre - in June 2017, the LPL in partnership with the Canadian Mental Health Association, began an outreach program that sees two mental health workers hosting a table on the 3rd floor of the Central branch every Wednesday from 9:30am-5pm. Based on an economic impact model developed by the Martin Prosperity Institute, the London Public Library estimates that for every dollar invested, Londoners receive $6.68 in value.

In total, the LPL creates over $102 million in total economic impact for the city each year. London Mechanics’ Institute was one of a series of Mechanic's Institutes that were set up around the world after becoming popular in Britain, it housed a subscription library. The Mechanic's Institutes libraries became public libraries when the establishment of free libraries occurred; the London Public Library opened in November 1896. The present-day Central Library was built in a remodeled space that housed a Hudson's Bay outlet; the Central library opened in this location on August 25, 2002. This not only allowed for an economical expansion of the branch, but offered the library a more central location in the city's downtown core. Additional outside donations enabled the construction of the Wolf Performance Hall, a concert hall which hosts music and theatre performances; the Central Library is home to the Reading Garden, equipped with seating and multiple water features. From 2016 to 2017, the Central Branch was extensively renovated, its first major overhaul since it moved into CitiPlaza.

As part of this renovation, a portion of the branch's northern section was remodeled to become CBC Radio One's CBCL-FM's new broadcast studio for new local and regional programming such as London Morning and Afternoon Drive and as well as digital content. Susanna Hubbard Krimmer is the 11th CEO of the London Public Library and only the second woman to hold that position; the London Public Library has 16 branches. The branches are: Beacock - 1280 Huron Street Bostwick - 501 Southdale Rd. W. Byron - 1295 Commissioners Rd. W. Carson - 465 Quebec St. Central - 251 Dundas St. Cherryhill - 301 Oxford St. W. Crouch - 550 Hamilton Rd. East London - 2016 Dundas St. Glanworth - 2950 Glanworth Dr. Jalna - 1119 Jalna Blvd. Lambeth - 7112 Beattie St. Landon - 167 Wortley Rd

Oliver Lynn

Oliver Vanetta Lynn, Jr. known as Doolittle Lynn was an American talent manager and country music figure, known as the husband of country music legend Loretta Lynn. Over the course of their often-tumultuous 48-year marriage, Lynn was instrumental in developing his wife's musical talent and country music career, purchasing her first guitar, lining up her first radio appearances, serving as her de facto talent manager for many years. In addition to his ongoing support for his young wife's career, Lynn's relationship with his wife was described in the following: " thought I was something special, more special than anyone in the world, never let me forget it... Doo was my security, my safety net", he was known to be violent, an alcoholic, a womanizer, a somewhat reluctant participant in his wife's life as a country music celebrity. Nonetheless, he was a central figure in many of his wife's hits, including "Fist City", "The Pill", "Don't Come Home A-Drinkin'", "You Ain't Woman Enough". Loretta said, "Doo gave me a lot of things to write about, you know.

He was very...what do you call it? Inspirational"; the couple's marriage, which began when he was 21 and she was 15, has been described by historians and music scholars as "one of the great legends of the twentieth century" and "one of the most compelling tales in American popular culture." Of Irish descent, born in Butcher Hollow, near Paintsville, Kentucky in Johnson County, Oliver Lynn was an uneducated resident of a town based around the coal mining industry. Having served in the United States Army during World War II, he was uninterested in coal mining upon his return, he made a living selling moonshine. At age 21, Lynn met 15-year-old Loretta Webb at a pie social, a month they married. A year the newlyweds relocated to Custer, Washington as Lynn searched for better work opportunities. By the time his wife was 17, the couple had three children. Throughout the course of their marriage, the Lynns had six children: Betty Sue, Jack Benny, Clara Marie, Ernest Ray, twin girls Peggy and Patsy. Jack Benny Lynn predeceased his parents.

During the early years of their marriage, as described by Loretta Lynn in her autobiography Still Woman Enough:I married Doo when I wasn't but a child, he was my life from that day on. But as important as my youth and upbringing was, there's something else, he thought I was something special, more special than anyone else in the world, never let me forget it. That belief would be hard to shove out the door. Doo was my safety net, and just remember, I'm explainin', not excusin'.... Doo was a hard worker, but he was an alcoholic, it affected our marriage all the way through. He was a womanizer. Cheating husbands have been all over. Lots of women say. My story is about one who did—me.. In 1953, Lynn bought his 21-year old wife a guitar as an anniversary present and encouraged her to perform in local venues and on local radio. At a televised talent competition in Tacoma, Loretta Lynn was discovered by Norm Burley, who founded Vancouver, Canada-based label Zero Records to promote Loretta's music; as chronicled in the movie Coal Miner's Daughter, Lynn was instrumental at this stage of his wife's career, during which the couple "dutifully set out across the country to promote her debut release "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl".

The song managed to climb into the top twenty of the country charts, the couple ended their trip in Nashville with a performance at the Grand Ole Opry". Music scholar Martha Hume wrote:When you shake all the stardust off this tale, what you must begin with is an uneducated child from one of the most isolated cultures in the United States, given in marriage to a man some six years her senior, a man, a violent and sometimes brutal alcoholic, uneducated and without any job skills to speak of. Add to that a migration to the state of Washington, where the child had no friends or relations, but what happened was so improbable, so unimaginable, that the lives of Loretta and Mooney Lynn became one of the great legends of the twentieth century. Oliver Lynn died on August 1996, five days before his 70th birthday, his death was attributed to diabetes-related heart failure. He was buried on the Lynn family estate in Tennessee. Loretta Lynn was portrayed by Sissy Spacek. Oliver Lynn was portrayed by Tommy Lee Jones in the 1980 Oscar-winning film, Coal Miner's Daughter

Prime Suspect (NCIS)

"Prime Suspect" is the 17th episode of the tenth season of the American police procedural drama NCIS, the 227th episode overall. It aired on CBS in the United States on March 5, 2013; the episode is written by George Schenck and Frank Cardea and directed by James Whitmore, Jr. and was seen by 20.81 million viewers. Gibbs tries to help clear his barber's son's name after the barber suspects his son may be a murderer. Meanwhile, Tony takes Probationary Agent Ned Dorneget on his first undercover assignment. Gibbs' barber Frankie asks him to find out if his son Cameron, a former Navy enlistee, was the "Dead Rose Slasher" - the nickname given to a serial killer who targets young female drug addicts - due to Cameron's physical resemblance to the photofit issued by the Metro Police. Frankie is worried. Abby and her friend from the Metro PD's forensics lab pull an all-nighter while Ducky calls in a favor as they try to find out who the murderer is. At the same time, the team is tasked with tracking down a Marine lance corporal who has absconded to the Caribbean with over $120,000 in cash from the cash sales office he was assigned to.

Tony is sent to the Bahamas to stake out for the lance corporal along with probie agent Ned "Dorney" Dorneget and takes the opportunity to "probie" him like he did with McGee during Seasons 1-3, much to Ziva's amusement. "Prime Suspect" was written by George Schenck and Frank Cardea and directed by James Whitmore, Jr. Schenck and Cardea wanted a "long-time friend" to seek Gibbs' help, "someone the viewers would know has been a part of Gibbs’ life for, at least, the past ten years". About how the writers chose Gibbs' barber, they said "That's when it came to us…that singular haircut! Let’s make it Gibbs’ barber who needs his help."The character of Gibbs' barber was named Frankie Dean, a name taken from the stylists on the show, Frankie Fontaine and Carla Dean. Additionally, Carla Dean "is the one who has given Mark his haircuts since Day One", the writers said. Although some scenes in the episode was set in Grand Bahama they were "actually shot at Mandalay Bay in Oxnard, California"; the scenes are both sunny and hot, but when shooting "it was one of the coldest days of the year at the beach".

According to Schenck and Cardea, "Crew members were bundled in parkas, the actors and extras had to pretend to be warm in skimpy beachwear". "Prime Suspect" was seen by 20.81 million live viewers following its broadcast on March 5, 2013, with a 3.4/10 share among adults aged 18 to 49. A rating point represents one percent of the total number of television sets in American households, a share means the percentage of television sets in use tuned to the program. In total viewers, "Prime Suspect" won NCIS and CBS the night; the spin-off NCIS: Los Angeles drew second and was seen by 16.24 million viewers. Compared to the last episode "Detour", "Prime Suspect" was in both viewers and adults 18–49. Douglas Wolfe from TV Fanatic gave the episode 4.2/5 and stated that "Episodes like this are so welcome - when all of the cast gets a small but meaty role to play. Frankly, I had a problem with the outcome of the "Dead Rose Slasher" case; the show was otherwise light and a bit surprising with all of the relational subplots - and there were so many of them."

Cauterize (band)

Cauterize was an alternative rock band from Canada, active from 1995 to 2007. In 2003, Cauterize's first single Something Beautiful was released, with its only music video, was broadcast on the web site Its second and third singles Choke and Killing Me were used in Nintendo's 1080 Avalanche video game and commercials, with a hidden live video within the game. In 2003, Cauterize recorded its 3rd CD, So Far From Real, produced by Murray Daigle; the band toured with Evanescence, Three Days Grace, Hoobastank. It ceased touring, but in 2005 produced an independently released second album, Paper Wings, the band having left Wind-up Records; the same year, the band's personnel was augmented with guitarist Chuck Coles. Coles subsequently played in heavy metal band Brown Brigade, has started a southern rock collaboration with Cauterize drummer Matt Worobec. In 2006 Darrin Pfeiffer, Cauterize's new manager, founded record label, High 4 Records, to promote Canadian Talent; the band re-recorded a number of tracks from Paper Wings, new material, with Greig Nori.

In 2007 a scheduled September 5 performance on MTV Live in Canada was canceled and on September 12, at a concert in Ottawa, Cauterize announced that they were breaking up after twelve years together. This was confirmed on the band's website, they played their final show on October 2007 in their hometown of Oshawa. Jesse Smith - lead vocals, guitar Josh Slater - guitar, backing vocals Chuck Coles - lead guitar Jason Bone - bass, backing vocals Matt Worobec - drums, percussion Ryan van Asten - guitar Cauterize on Myspace YouTube Channel

J. Stewart Marshall

John Stewart Marshall was a Canadian physicist and meteorologist. Researcher for the Canadian government during the Second World war and professor at McGill University from 1945 until his retirement in 1979, he was renowned for his research in cloud physics and precipitation, but for being a pioneer of weather radar. Stewart Marshall was born on July 18, 1911 in Welland, Canada, he attended Queen's University in Kingston, where he got in 1931 a bachelor's degree in Physics and Mathematics, graduated a master's degree in 1933 with a dissertation on scattering of electrons by metallic foils. After pausing to cure tuberculosis, he entered Cambridge University on a scholarship to study nuclear physics. Marshall was recalled to Canada in 1939 to join the National Research Council of Canada in Ottawa and participate in the war effort. In Canada, he first worked on ballistics problems on experiments with a brand new invention, the radar, he was among the first to recognize that an artifact that sometimes obscured ships and planes on radar data was caused by rain and snow.

In 1943, Marshall underwent thoracic surgery to fight a reappearance of tuberculosis and took the lead of the "Stormy Weather" project by the Canadian Department of National Defense whose purpose was to find a use for these parasitic echoes. The analysis of precipitation backscatter properties made it obvious that the undesirable interference provided a new way to observe the atmosphere. Just after the war, Marshall and R. H. Douglas formed the "Stormy Weather Group" at McGill University and continued their work. Different instruments were used by the group in research on the fundamental properties of precipitation, they were mounted at Dawson College, just south of the university's main campus. In the mid-1950s, the Stormy Weather Group's contribution included the study of cloud physics, radar precipitation echo properties, early radar application to storm surveys, precipitation monitoring at wider scale; some of the topics associated with Marshall are the raindrop size distribution, the study of the snow virga slope, radar signal fluctuation and radar displays like CAPPI and HARPI.

In 1968, the need for a more permanent radar led to the construction of the current observatory, named the J. S. Marshall Radar Observatory a little in honor of the founder of the research group. At the same time Marshall was leading the research group, he was a professor of physics and meteorology at McGill University; the activities of the "Stormy Weather Group" attracted more and more graduates and, in large part, enabled the formation of the full-fledged meteorological department in 1959, the first in Canada. As director and founder, Stewart Marshall has profoundly influenced the teaching of meteorology, his department serving as a model for the creation of half a dozen programs across Canada. Marshall and R. C. Langille, a colleague from Ottawa, were the only Canadians to attend the first radar meteorology conference at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1947, he organized the third conference at McGill in 1952 with two of his first PhD students: Walter Hitschfeld and Kenrick Gunn.

Marshall organized the 11th conference in Boulder in 1964, co-sponsored by the American Meteorological Society and the International Union of Radio Science, the 13th conference in 1968, again in Montreal. Stewart Marshall and his doctoral student, Walter Palmer, became famous for their work on the distribution of mid-latitude raindrops that led to the relationship between radar return and precipitation rate: the ZR relation. Marshal has published many articles, he has served on numerous scientific and educational committees in the United States. He was a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society and served a term on the AMS Board from 1965 to 1967, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1953. He has received several awards: In 1961, the Patterson Medal of the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society In 1982, the Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Advance of Applied Meteorology by the AMS The Hugh Robert Mill Medal of the Royal Meteorological Society David Atlas.

Radar in Meteorology: Battan Memorial and 40th Anniversary Radar Meteorology Conference. Boston: American Meteorological Society. P. 806. ISBN 0-933876-86-6. AMS Code RADMET J. S. Marshall Radar Observatory McGill Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Works by or about J. Stewart Marshall at Internet Archive "Papers of J. S. Marshall". American Meteorological Society

Pars compacta

The pars compacta is a portion of the substantia nigra, located in the midbrain. It is located medial to pars reticulata. Parkinson's disease is characterized by the death of dopaminergic neurons in this region. In humans, the nerve cell bodies of the pars compacta are coloured black by the pigment neuromelanin; the degree of pigmentation increases with age. This pigmentation is visible as a distinctive black stripe in brain sections and is the origin of the name given to this volume of the brain; the neurons have long and thick dendrites. The ventral dendrites go down in the pars reticulata. Other similar neurons are more sparsely distributed in the midbrain and constitute "groups" with no well-defined borders, although continuous to the pars compacta, in a prerubral position; these have been given, in early works in rats, the name of "area A8" and "A10". The pars compacta itself is subdivided into a ventral and a dorsal tier, the last being calbindin positive; the ventral tier is considered as A9v.

The dorsal tier A9d is linked to an ensemble comprising A8 and A10, A8, A9d and A10 representing 28% of dopaminergic neurons. The neurons of the pars compacta receive inhibiting signals from the collateral axons from the neurons of the pars reticulata; the dopaminergic neurons of the pars compacta project many of their axons along the nigrostriatal pathway to the dorsal striatum, where they release the neurotransmitter dopamine. There is an organization in which dopaminergic neurons of the fringes go to the sensorimotor striatum and the highest to the associative striatum. Dopaminergic axons innervate other elements of the basal ganglia system, including the lateral and medial pallidum, substantia nigra pars reticulata, the subthalamic nucleus; the function of the dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta is complex. Contrary to what was believed, SNc neurons do not directly stimulate movement: instead, it plays an indirect role by regulating the more direct role of the striatum, contributing to fine motor control, as has been confirmed in animal models with SNc lesions.

Thus, electrical stimulation of the substantia nigra does not result in movement, but lack of pars compacta neurons has a large influence on movement, as evidenced by the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. "Dopamine neurons are activated by novel, unexpected stimuli, by primary rewards in the absence of predictive stimuli and during learning". Dopamine neurons are thought to be involved in learning to predict which behaviours will lead to a reward. In particular, it is suggested that dopamine neurons fire when a reward is greater than that expected; this signal can be used to update the expected value of that action. Many recreational drugs, such as cocaine, mimic this reward response—providing an explanation for their addictive nature. Degeneration of pigmented neurons in this region is the principal pathology that underlies Parkinson's disease and this depigmentation can be visualized in vivo with Neuromelanin MRI. In a few people, the cause of Parkinson's disease is genetic, but in most cases, the reason for the death of these dopamine neurons is unknown.

Parkinsonism can be produced by viral infections such as encephalitis or a number of toxins, such as MPTP, an industrial toxin which can be mistakenly produced during synthesis of the meperidine analog MPPP. Many such toxins appear to work by producing reactive oxygen species. Binding to neuromelanin by means of charge transfer complexes may concentrate radical-generating toxins in the substantia nigra. Pathological changes to the dopaminergic neurons of the pars compacta are thought to be involved in schizophrenia and psychomotor retardation sometimes seen in clinical depression