Treasure Island, San Francisco
Treasure Island is an artificial island in San Francisco Bay and a neighborhood of the City of San Francisco. Built 1936–37 for the 1939 Golden Gate International Exposition, the islands World’s Fair site is a California Historical Landmark, the San Francisco neighborhood that includes Treasure Island extends far into San Francisco Bay and includes a tip of Alameda Island. Yerba Buena and Treasure islands together have an area of 576.7 acres with a 2010 total population of 2,500. Treasure Island is connected by a 900 ft causeway to Yerba Buena Island, the island has a marina and a bikeway connecting to the newly completed Eastern span replacement of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge. Raised walkways circumscribe nearly the entire island along five streets, prior to the islands construction by the United States government, Yerba Buena Shoals of rock north of the transbay island had less than 27 ft clearance and were a shipping hazard. The 400-acre island was constructed by emplacing 287,000 short tons of quarried rock in the shoals for the island/causeway perimeter rock walls, Facility construction had begun by March 4,1937 when two hangars were being built.
The island had a lagoon, and structures included the 400-foot Tower of the Sun, the International Building, in addition to Building 2 and Building 3, remaining exposition buildings include Building 1 intended after the expo as the Pan American World Airways terminal. The expos Magic Carpet Great Lawn remains, the U. S. Navy seized Treasure Island on April 17,1942 and instead of an island airport, the city built an airport at Mills Field that became the San Francisco International Airport. The station had a Naval Auxiliary Air Facility to support helicopters, fixed wing planes, blimps, dirigibles, in the 70s, 80s, and 90s the U. S. Navy Conducted Naval Technical Training NTTC. The U. S. Navy Rate consisted of the old Shipfitter Rate, the U. S. Navy Technical Training included NBC Warfare Decon. The New U. S. Navy Rate was classified as HT Hull Maintenance Technicians, multiple Maintenance Skills were included into The Naval Technical Training Command NTTC. During World War II over 12,000 men a day were processed here for Pacific area assignments, and thousands more were processed for separation in the aftermath of the war.
Medal of Honor and Navy Cross recipient USMC Gunnery Sgt John Basilone movie theatre Building 401 @680 Avenue I was established in recognition as being one of the earliest World War II heroes. The station was identified by the 1991 Base Realignment and Closure Commission,600 @750 Avenue M, Bldg. 157 @849 Avenue D, and the 20,000 sq ft Bldg,180 by US Naval Station Way & California Ave. The Treasure Island Radar Bomb Scoring Site was a Strategic Air Command automatic tracking radar facility established on the island. Major Posey was the c. 1948 commander of Detachment B which evaluated simulated bombing missions on targets in the San Francisco metropolitan area for maintaining Cold War bomber crews proficiency. From the late 1980s, Treasure Islands old aircraft Hangar 2 and Hangar 3 served as sound stages for film-making and TV, the Matrix and The Pursuit of Happyness
Alamo Square, San Francisco
Alamo Square is a residential neighborhood and park in San Francisco, California, in the Western Addition. Its boundaries are not well-defined, but are considered to be Webster Street on the east, Golden Gate Avenue on the north, Divisadero Street on the west. The park is bordered by Hayes Street to the south, Steiner Street to the east, Fulton Street to the north, named after the lone cottonwood tree, Alamo Hill, was a watering hole on the horseback trail from Mission Dolores to the Presidio in the 1800s. In 1856, Mayor James Van Ness created a 12.7 acre park surrounding the watering hole, Alamo Square Park includes a playground and a tennis court, and is frequented by neighbors and dog owners. On a clear day, the Transamerica Pyramid building and the tops of the Golden Gate Bridge, the San Francisco City Hall can be seen directly down Fulton Street. The area is part of the citys fifth Supervisorial district and is served by several Muni bus lines, including the 5,21,22, in 2016 it was closed for a $4.3 million renovation lasting seven months.
The Alamo Square neighborhood is characterized by Victorian architecture that was largely untouched by the urban renewal projects in other parts of the Western Addition. The Alamo Square area contains the second largest concentration of homes over 10,000 square feet in San Francisco, after the Pacific Heights neighborhood. A row of Victorian houses facing the park on Steiner Street, a number of movies, television shows and commercials have been filmed in or around Alamo Square. The park features heavily in the 1978 horror film The Invasion of the Body Snatchers, the opening sequence of the American sitcom Full House features a romp in Alamo Square Park with the famous row of Victorians in the background. With a high degree of integrity to its designs, the District clearly serves as a visual reminder of how businessmen lived two to four generations ago. Efforts on the part of Alamo Square and North Panhandle residents and merchants have led to restrictions on chain stores on the corridor, Neighborhood groups include the Alamo Square Neighborhood Association and the Haight-Divisadero Neighborhood Merchants Association.
Author Alice Walker lived in one of the Painted Lady Victorians across from Alamo Square park up to the mid-1990s. Parks of San Francisco 49-Mile Scenic Drive Map of district 5 of the county, which Alamo Square is a part of Alamo Square Neighborhood Association Alamo Square, from San Francisco Parks Alliance
University of San Francisco
The University of San Francisco is a Jesuit Catholic university located in San Francisco, United States. The schools main campus is located on a 55-acre setting between the Golden Gate Bridge and Golden Gate Park, the main campus is nicknamed The Hilltop, and part of the main campus is located on Lone Mountain, one of San Franciscos major geographical features. In addition, the university classes at multiple other locations. Its close historical ties with the City and County of San Francisco are reflected in the Universitys traditional motto, the current motto is Change the World From Here. USFs Jesuit Catholic identity is rooted in the vision and work of St. Ignatius of Loyola, founded by the Jesuits in 1855 as St. Ignatius Academy, USF started as a one-room schoolhouse along Market Street in what became downtown San Francisco. Under its founding president, Anthony Marachi, S. J, St. Ignatius Academy received its charter to issue college degrees on April 30,1859, from the State of California, and signed by governor John B.
In that year the school changed its name to St. Ignatius College, the original curriculum included Greek, Latin, French, algebra, history, geography and bookkeeping. Father Maraschi was the colleges first president, a professor, the treasurer. A new building was constructed in 1862 to replace the first frame building, in June 1863, the university awarded its first Bachelor of Arts degree. In 1880, the college moved from Market Street to a new site on the corner of Hayes Street, the third St. Ignatius College received moderate damage in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, but was completely destroyed in the ensuing fire. The campus moved west, to the corner of Hayes and Shrader Streets, close to Golden Gate Park, the college moved to its present site on Fulton Street in 1927. The college was built on the site of a former Masonic Cemetery, to celebrate its diamond jubilee in 1930, St. Ignatius College changed its name to the University of San Francisco. The change from college to university was sought by many alumni groups, a male-only school for most of its history, USF became fully coeducational in 1964, though females started attending the evening programs in business and law as early as 1927.
In 1969, the school division, already wholly separate from the university, moved to the western part of San Francisco. In 1978, the university acquired Lone Mountain College, october 15,2005, marked the 150th anniversary of the universitys founding. As of the fall of 2016, USF enrolled 11,8018 undergraduate and graduate students in all of its programs housed in four schools, the board currently has 43 voting members who serve three, three-year terms and is chaired by Stephen A. Hamill. The board of trustees elects a president to serve as the general manager, the current president is Paul J. Fitzgerald, S. J. The president, according to USF Bylaws, is responsible for articulating and advancing the Jesuit Catholic character of the university
Mission Bay, San Francisco
Mission Bay is a 303-acre neighborhood in San Francisco, California. It is the home of the Chase Center that will open in 2019 and it is located on the east side of the city, outside Downtown San Francisco. Mission Bay is one of the apartment neighborhoods in San Francisco, which borders South of Market, China Basin to the north, and South Beach in San Francisco. Mission Bay is roughly bounded by Townsend Street on the north, Third Street and San Francisco Bay on the east, Mariposa Street on the south, and 7th Street and Interstate 280 on the west. Before urbanization, Mission Bay was nestled inside of a +500 acre salt marsh and lagoon and this area was a natural habitat and refuge for large water fowl populations that included ducks, herons, egrets and gulls. The Native American tribes who resided in this area were the Costanoan people who spoke eight different languages which delineated between the various tribelets, the tribe most prevalent in the Bay area was the Patwin people who resided in the area for over 5,000 years.
As the marsh stabilized with the weight of the infill. By 1850 the area was used for shipbuilding and repair and meat production, with the addition of the railroad, Mission Bay became the home to shipyards, canneries, a sugar refinery and various warehouses. In 1998 the area was announced by the Board of Supervisors as a redevelopment project, catellus subsequently sold or sub-contracted several parcels to other developers. It has rapidly evolved into a neighborhood of luxury condominiums, hospitals. Mission Bay is currently the headquarters of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine and it is the headquarters, at 550 Terry Francois Blvd, of the Old Navy brand of The Gap clothing retailer. Salesforce sold the property it owned to the NBAs Golden State Warriors, the northern terminus of the Third Street Light Rail Project of the San Francisco Municipal Railway. An AT&T Fiber to the premises greenfield project, the first new branch of the San Francisco Public Library in over 40 years, The Mission Bay Branch Library, opened on July 8,2006.
It is located on the floor of a new multi-use facility, which includes an adult day health center, affordable senior housing, retail space. The new library is approximately 7,500 square feet, and is the 27th branch of the San Francisco Public Library, the other half of the building will be occupied by Bayers U. S. Location of the San Francisco Public Safety Building at Third Street and it will include a Police headquarters, Police Station and Mission Bay Fire Station. Funding for the building was passed with a 79.4 percent positive vote on Proposition B, the future location of Rock Health, a seed accelerator for digital health startups. An estimated 56 biotech companies were clustered in Mission Bay in mid-2010, Mission Bay is served by the N Judah and T Third Street lines of San Franciscos Muni Metro
Nob Hill, San Francisco
Nob Hill is a neighborhood in San Francisco, centered on the intersection of California Street and Powell Street. It is one of San Franciscos 44 hills, and one of its original Seven Hills, prior to the 1850s, Nob Hill was called California Hill. It was renamed after the Central Pacific Railroads Big Four – called the Nobs – built mansions there, the actual peak of Nob Hill lies slightly to the northwest, approximately at the intersection of Jones and Sacramento Streets. South of Nob Hill is Lower Nob Hill neighborhood, the district of Union Square, the Tenderloin neighborhood. To the east is San Franciscos Chinatown and a little farther, northeast of Nob Hill is North Beach and Telegraph Hill. North of Nob Hill is Russian Hill, and eventually, the areas of the waterfront such as Pier 39. The area was settled in the rapid urbanization happening in the city in the late 19th century, because of the views and its central position, it became an exclusive enclave of the rich and famous on the west coast who built large mansions in the neighborhood.
This included prominent tycoons such as Leland Stanford, founder of Stanford University, for this reason, its early citizens were known as nabobs, which was shortened to nob, giving the area its eventual name. The neighborhood was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake and fire, except for the walls surrounding the Stanford, Huntington. Those walls remain and black caused by smoke from the intense fires that burned after the quake can still be seen. Also gutted by the fires was the newly completed Fairmont Hotel at Mason and California Streets, both structures had stone exteriors that survived the fires, and both buildings were subsequently cleaned and refurbished. The Fairmont Hotel remains in operation to day and the Flood Mansion is the headquarters of the exclusive Pacific-Union Club. While the neighborhood was able to maintain its affluence following the quake, some rebuilt mansions further west in San Francisco, for example, in Pacific Heights and Cow Hollow. In place of where the mansions had been located, swank hotels were erected, hotels built over the ruins of the former mansions include the Mark Hopkins and Stanford Court.
Nob is disparaging British slang abbreviation of noble/nobility referring to the monied, the location is derisively referred to as Snob Hill. The intersection of California and Powell streets is the location of two of its four well-known and most expensive hotels, the Fairmont Hotel, the Mark Hopkins Hotel, the Mark Hopkins Hotel and the Huntington Hotel are located one block away at Mason & California. The hotels were named for three of The Big Four, four entrepreneurs of the construction of the Central Pacific Railroad, Leland Stanford, the fourth, Charles Crocker has a garage named after him in the neighborhood. The Fairmont is named for a San Francisco tycoon, James G. Fair, opposite the Fairmont Hotel and Pacific Union Club is Grace Cathedral, one of the citys largest houses of worship
A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. Mathematically, a summit is a maximum in elevation. The topographic terms acme, apex and zenith are synonymous, the UIAA definition is that a summit is independent if it has a prominence of 30 metres or more, it is a mountain if it has a prominence of at least 300 metres. This can be summarised as follows, A pyramidal peak is an exaggerated form produced by ice erosion of a mountain top, Summit may refer to the highest point along a line, trail, or route. In many parts of the western United States, the term refers to the highest point along a road, highway. For example, the highest point along Interstate 80 in California is referred to as Donner Summit while the highest point on Interstate 5 is Siskiyou Mountain Summit, geoid Hill List of highest mountains Maxima and minima Nadir Summit accordance Peak finder
Alice Brown Chittenden
Alice Brown Chittenden was an American painter based in San Francisco, California who specialized in flowers and landscapes. Her lifes work was a collection of botanicals depicting California wildflowers, for which she is renowned and received gold and she taught at the Mark Hopkins Institute of Art from 1897 to 1941. Chittenden was born in Brockport, New York in 1859 to Joseph Gladding Chittenden and her parents had settled in San Francisco in 1858 from New York, but her mother returned to New York to await her birth. She had a sister, who was two years younger than herself and her father worked in wood mills in San Francisco. She attended Denman Grammar School and won a medal for being at the top of her class when she graduated in 1876. She studied with Virgil Williams at the School of Design from 1880 to 1882 and she received medals for both drawing and painting. She married Charles Parshall Overton in 1886 but left him and returned to her parents home in 1887, Overton became vice president and manager of the Union Fish Company in San Francisco.
Alice was divorced by 1900 when she and her daughter and her sister and her family lived with Ann M. Chittenden. Carries husband was William Taylor, a sea captain, as educational opportunities were made more available in the 19th-century, women artists became part of professional enterprises, including founding their own art associations. Artists then, played roles in representing the New Woman. Chittenden exemplified the New Woman through her activism for social reform and she created many paintings of flowers, especially roses and peonies. Her lifes work was a series of more than 256 botanical paintings of 350 varieties of California wildflowers executed over a period of 50 years, Chittenden was named the leading flower painter of America in Kate Fields Washington newspaper in March 1895. She gathered many specimens herself locally in the San Francisco Bay Area but during long trips via horseback and these studies were painted using oils on paper. She received assistance from her friend Alice Eastwood, who was the curator of botany at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco and her works were so precise that they added not only to art, but to the field of science.
She painted portraits, often with pastels. In the 1880s she had a studio in San Francisco on the floor of the Phelan Building. In 1893 she exhibited two paintings, one of chrysanthemums and another of roses at the Worlds Fair in Chicago. In 1885 the San Francisco Art Association held an exhibition, thought to be the first major exhibition of that type in the United States
Richmond District, San Francisco
The Richmond District is a neighborhood in the northwest corner of San Francisco, developed initially in the late 19th century. It is sometimes confused with Richmond, a city 20 miles northeast of San Francisco and it is thus known as a safe, serene, family neighborhood, and one of the citys largest as a whole, both in terms of housing stock and population. The Richmond has deep Irish and Russian roots and has many Catholic, in 1917, the district was legally named Park-Presidio District, chosen to avoid confusion between the district and the city of Richmond right across the bay. In spite of the change, virtually every San Franciscan continued to use the old name. The district, originally an expanse of rolling sand dunes, was developed initially in the late 19th century, before this development, the Yelamu Tribe of the Ohlone Nation frequented the coastal sites of the current day district and had a village where the development would take place. In the 18th century, they were not able to use this land anymore after Spanish explorers arrived, Adolph Sutro was one of the first large-scale developers of the area.
After purchasing the Cliff House in the early 1880s, he built the Sutro Baths on the end of the district. After the 1906 earthquake, development increased with the need to provide replacement housing, the last of the sand dunes and coastal scrub that once dominated the area were built over to create a street car suburb. The Russian Revolution and subsequent civil war brought many Anti-Communist White Russian, Orthodox Russian refugees, Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia briefly made its headquarters at Holy Virgin Cathedral on Geary Boulevard. Chinese of birth or descent now make up nearly the half of residents in the Richmond, the western portion Outer Richmond and the eastern portion Inner Richmond is divided by a major thoroughfare, Park Presidio Boulevard. Geary Boulevard is a major east-west thoroughfare that runs through the Richmond, the Farallon Islands, about 30 miles to the west of mainland San Francisco, are part of the Richmond District. The Richmond has been divided into four parts, Lake Street is just south of Presidio of San Francisco.
It is an affluent area characterized by its many Victorian/Edwardian mansions and its boundaries are, the Presidio to the north, Arguello Blvd to the east, California St. to the south, and 25th Ave. to the west. Its name is derived from the neighborhoods northernmost east-west artery, the Inner Richmond sits south of Lake Street. Its boundaries are, California St. to the north, Arguello Blvd to the east, Fulton St. to the south, and Park Presidio Blvd. to the west. The hub of northern Inner Richmond is Geary Blvd. and Clement St. which are known for Chinese, Korean, Burmese. The hub of southern Inner Richmond is Balboa St, which is known for Japanese, the Inner Richmond is a diverse area with a sizable Chinese and Russian population. The Central Richmond is between Inner Richmond and Outer Richmond and it is bounded by Park Presidio Blvd to the east, California St. to the north, Fulton St. to the south, and 32nd Ave. to the west
Telegraph Hill, San Francisco
Telegraph Hill is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California. It is one of San Franciscos 44 hills, and one of its original Seven Hills, the San Francisco Chronicle defines the Chinatown, North Beach, and Telegraph Hill areas as bounded by Sacramento Street, Taylor Street, Bay Street, and the water. Originally named Loma Alta by the Spaniards, the hill was known as Goat Hill by the early San Franciscans. From 1825 through 1847, the area between Sansome and Battery and Vallejo streets was used as a ground for foreign non-Catholic seamen. The hill owes its name to a semaphore, a structure erected in September 1849. The information was used by operating for financiers, merchants. Knowing the nature of the cargo carried by the ship they could predict the local prices for those goods. Those who did not have information on the cargo might pay a too-high price from a merchant unloading his stock of a commodity — a price that was about to drop. On October 18,1850, the ship Oregon signaled to the hill as it was entering the Golden Gate the news of Californias recently acquired statehood, prompting a rogue in the gallery to shout, Sidewheel steamer.
Sailing ships brought cargo to San Francisco, but needed ballast when leaving, rocks for ballast were quarried from the bay side of Telegraph Hill. A second semaphore system was built at Point Lobos in 1853, with the advent of the electrical telegraph in 1862, both became obsolete. Telegraph Hill retained its name and is now registered as California Historical Landmark #91, in the 1920s, Telegraph Hill became with North Beach a destination for poets and bohemian intellectuals, dreaming of turning it into a West Coast West Village. Telegraph Hill is primarily an area, much quieter than adjoining North Beach with its bustling cafés. Aside from Coit Tower, it is known for its gardens flowing down Filbert Street down to Levi Plaza. Today Telegraph Hill is known for supporting a flock of parrots, primarily red-masked parakeets. The flock was popularized by a book and subsequent documentary, both titled The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill and they range widely, including along The Embarcadero and in the Presidio.
A controversial San Francisco city ordinance passed on June 5,2007, the feeding ban was championed by Mark Bittner, the birds most outspoken supporter who fed them for years and wrote the book The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill. Other local conservationists supported the ban, though some continue to object
1906 San Francisco earthquake
The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck the coast of Northern California at 5,12 a. m. on April 18 with an estimated moment magnitude of 7.8 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI. Severe shaking was felt from Eureka on the North Coast to the Salinas Valley, devastating fires soon broke out in the city and lasted for several days. As a result, about 3,000 people died and over 80% of the city of San Francisco was destroyed, the events are remembered as one of the worst and deadliest natural disasters in the history of the United States. The death toll remains the greatest loss of life from a disaster in Californias history. The San Andreas Fault is a transform fault that forms part of the tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate. The strike-slip fault is characterized by mainly lateral motion in a dextral sense, the 1906 rupture propagated both northward and southward for a total of 296 miles. This fault runs the length of California from the Salton Sea in the south to Cape Mendocino in the north, the maximum observed surface displacement was about 20 feet, geodetic measurements show displacements of up to 28 feet.
The 1906 earthquake preceded the development of the Richter magnitude scale by three decades. The most widely accepted estimate for the magnitude of the quake on the moment magnitude scale is 7.8. According to findings published in the Journal of Geophysical Research, severe deformations in the earths crust took place both before and after the earthquakes impact. Accumulated strain on the faults in the system was relieved during the earthquake, the main shock epicenter occurred offshore about 2 miles from the city, near Mussel Rock. Shaking was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles, and inland as far as central Nevada, a strong foreshock preceded the main shock by about 20 to 25 seconds. The strong shaking of the main shock lasted about 42 seconds, there were decades of minor earthquakes – more than at any other time in the historical record for northern California – before the 1906 quake. For years, the epicenter of the quake was assumed to be near the town of Olema, in the Point Reyes area of Marin County, because of evidence of the degree of local earth displacement.
In the 1960s, a seismologist at UC Berkeley proposed that the epicenter was more likely offshore of San Francisco, at the time,375 deaths were reported, partly because hundreds of fatalities in Chinatown went ignored and unrecorded. The total number of deaths is uncertain today, and is estimated to be roughly 3,000 at minimum. Most of the deaths occurred in San Francisco itself, but 189 were reported elsewhere in the Bay Area, nearby cities, such as Santa Rosa and San Jose, in Monterey County, the earthquake permanently shifted the course of the Salinas River near its mouth. Where previously the river emptied into Monterey Bay between Moss Landing and Watsonville, it was diverted 6 miles south to a new channel just north of Marina