Long Beach, California
Long Beach is a city on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Los Angeles metropolitan area of Southern California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257, it is the 7th most populous in California. Long Beach is the second-largest city in the Los Angeles metropolitan area and the third largest in Southern California behind Los Angeles and San Diego. Long Beach is a charter city; the Port of Long Beach is the second busiest container port in the United States and is among the world's largest shipping ports. The city maintains a progressively declining oil industry with minor wells located both directly beneath the city as well as offshore. Manufacturing sectors include those in aircraft, automotive parts, electronic equipment, audiovisual equipment, precision metals and home furnishings. Long Beach lies in the southeastern corner of borders Orange County. Downtown Long Beach is 22 miles south of downtown Los Angeles, though the two cities share an official border for several miles.
Indigenous people have lived in coastal Southern California for over 10,000 years, several successive cultures have inhabited the present-day area of Long Beach. By the 16th-century arrival of Spanish explorers, the dominant group was the Tongva people, they had at least three major settlements within the present-day city. Tevaaxa'anga was an inland settlement near the Los Angeles River, while Ahwaanga and Povuu'nga were coastal villages. Along with other Tongva villages, they were forced to relocate in the mid-19th century due to missionization, political change, a drastic drop in population from exposure to European diseases. In 1784 the Spanish Empire's King Carlos III granted Rancho Los Nietos to Spanish soldier Manuel Nieto; the Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos were divided from this territory. The boundary between the two ranchos ran through the center of Signal Hill on a southwest to northeast diagonal. A portion of western Long Beach was part of the Rancho San Pedro, its boundaries were in dispute for years, due to flooding changing the Los Angeles River boundary, between the ranchos of Juan Jose Dominguez and Manuel Nieto.
In 1843 Jonathan Temple bought Rancho Los Cerritos, having arrived in California in 1827 from New England. He built what is now known as the "Los Cerritos Ranch House", a still-standing adobe, a National Historic Landmark. Temple created a thriving cattle ranch and prospered, becoming the wealthiest man in Los Angeles County. Both Temple and his ranch house played important local roles in the Mexican–American War. On an island in the San Pedro Bay, Mormon pioneers made an abortive attempt to establish a colony. In 1866 Temple sold Rancho Los Cerritos for $20,000 to the Northern California sheep-raising firm of Flint, Bixby & Co, which consisted of brothers Thomas and Benjamin Flint and their cousin Lewellyn Bixby. Two years previous Flint, Bixby & Co had purchased along with Northern California associate James Irvine, three ranchos which would become the city that bears Irvine's name. To manage Rancho Los Cerritos, the company selected Lewellyn's brother Jotham Bixby, the "Father of Long Beach".
Three years Bixby bought into the property and would form the Bixby Land Company. In the 1870s as many as 30,000 sheep were kept at the ranch and sheared twice yearly to provide wool for trade. In 1880, Bixby sold 4,000 acres of the Rancho Los Cerritos to William E. Willmore, who subdivided it in hopes of creating a farm community, Willmore City, he failed and was bought out by a Los Angeles syndicate that called itself the "Long Beach Land and Water Company." They changed the name of the community at that time. The City of Long Beach was incorporated in 1897. Another Bixby cousin, John W. Bixby, was influential in the city. After first working for his cousins at Los Cerritos, J. W. Bixby leased land at Rancho Los Alamitos, he put together a group: banker I. W. Hellman and Jotham Bixby, him, to purchase the rancho. In addition to bringing innovative farming methods to the Alamitos, J. W. Bixby began the development of the oceanfront property near the city's picturesque bluffs. Under the name Alamitos Land Company, J.
W. Bixby laid out the parks of his new city; this area would include Belmont Shore and Naples. J. W. Bixby died in 1888 of apparent appendicitis; the Rancho Los Alamitos property was split up, with Hellman getting the southern third and Lewellyn, the northern third, J. W. Bixby's widow and heirs keeping the central third; the Alamitos townsite was kept as a separate entity, but at first, it was run by Lewellyn and Jotham Bixby, although I. W, Hellman had a significant veto power, an influence made stronger as the J. W. Bixby heirs began to side with Hellman more; when Jotham Bixby died in 1916, the remaining 3,500 acres of Rancho Los Cerritos was subdivided into the neighborhoods of Bixby Knolls, California Heights, North Long Beach and part of the city of Signal Hill. The town grew as a seaside resort with light agricultural uses; the Pike was the most famous beachside amusement zone on the West Coast from 1902 until 1969. The oil industry, Navy shipyard and facilities and port became the mainstays of the city.
In the 1950s it was referred to as "Iowa
UC San Diego Health
UC San Diego Health is the academic health system of the University of California, San Diego in San Diego, California. It is the only academic health system serving San Diego and one of only two Level I trauma centers in the region. In operation since 1966, it comprises Hillcrest; the health system works with the university's School of Medicine and Skaggs School of Pharmacy to provide training to medical and pharmacy students and advanced clinical care to patients. It is the official health system of the San Diego Padres, Club Tijuana, the UC San Diego Tritons, the San Diego State Aztecs; the UC San Diego Medical Center, Hillcrest is the first of two primary hospitals for the University of California San Diego School of Medicine. The region's first academic medical center offers both primary care and specialized services, including surgery and management of genetic disease, orthopedics and the Sleep Medicine Center; the renovated 390-bed hospital at Hillcrest is the primary site for such regional services as the Comprehensive Organ Transplant Program, Bone Marrow Transplantation, San Diego Regional Burn Center, Infant Special Care Center, UCSD's Birth Center, San Diego County's only academic Level One Trauma Center, Poison Center, Hyperbaric Medicine Center, the National Institutes of Health-designated Clinical Research Center.
Jacobs Medical Center opened on November 20, 2016. It is the second component of UC San Diego Health's two-campus strategy and provides specialized quaternary care not available elsewhere in San Diego County; the 364-bed facility is divided into four separate hospitals: Thornton Pavilion, Vassiliadis Pavilion, Foster Pavilion, Rady Pavilion. The A. Vassiliadis Family Pavilion for Advanced Surgery includes intraoperative MRI machines and the only Restrictive Spectrum Imaging facility in the United States; the Pauline and Stanley Foster Pavilion for Cancer Care houses a blood and marrow transplant program jointly operated by UCSD and Sharp Healthcare, the floor for, pressurized and filtered allowing patients to roam freely. The Rady Pavilion for Women and Infants includes a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, eight labor rooms, 32 private postpartum rooms, a three-room midwifery birth center; each of the hospital's private rooms is equipped with an Apple iPad for controlling lighting, checking medical records, contacting care providers.
The facility is named for Joan and Irwin Jacobs in recognition of a $75 million gift they made to support its construction. The John M. and Sally B. Thornton Pavilion and Perlman Medical Offices opened in the summer of 1993 as the standalone Thornton Hospital. John Alksne, a neurosurgeon and then-Dean of the School of Medicine, performed the first surgery at this hospital, it was a delicate brain operation. It is located on the UCSD campus in California, it is a 119-bed general medical-surgical facility that offers a full range of services, including surgery, endocrinology, orthopedics, reproductive medicine, pulmonary medicine and physical therapy. In 2016, the hospital was consolidated into the Jacobs Medical Center hospital complex. Established in 1979, the Rebecca and John Moores UCSD Cancer Center is one of 47 National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers in the United States, it provides outpatient care for most specialized cancers. UC San Diego Shiley Eye Institute provides comprehensive eye care services, from basic eye exams to advanced diagnostic tests and sophisticated surgery.
Eye care services offered at Shiley Eye Institute include cataract surgery, cornea transplants, glaucoma diagnosis and treatment, low vision services, neuro-ophthalmology and contact lens service, pediatric ophthalmology, plastic surgery, refractive surgery, retina care, trauma repair. It houses the Joan and Irwin Jacobs Retina Center and Hamilton Glaucoma Center; the Abraham Ratner Children's Eye Center is adjacent to the Shiley building. The Sulpizio Family Cardiovascular Center provides ambulatory and inpatient heart and stroke care in one central location. Sulpizio Cardiovascular Center is the region's first academic-based facility to combine all heart and vascular-related services and technology under one roof, it is connected by footbridges to Jacobs Medical Center and the Altman Clinical and Translational Research Institute, a 311,000 gross square feet, $269 million laboratory building. The emergency department for the La Jolla campus is housed in the Sulpizio building, with 22 outpatient beds and 54 acute care beds.
UC San Diego is one of the most active health science research institutes in the country. Of the $1.07 billion it received in research funding in 2017, $615.7 million was dedicated to health sciences research at UC San Diego Health medical centers and the School of Medicine. Several pioneering medical innovations have been made by UCSD researchers, such as the development of the chemotherapy drug cetuximab, the use of gene therapy in the treatment of congenital defects, the discovery of insulin resistance as a cause of diabetes, the understanding of genetic blood disorders such as sickle cell disease, the link between vitamin D deficiency and certain cancers, the first human trials of robotically assisted laparoscopic surgery, the development of the first oral drug for treating interstitial cystitis called Elmiron, the demonstration of HIV latency, the link between th
Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
The Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center is a hospital located on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles in Westwood, Los Angeles, United States. It is ranked the 7th best hospital in the United States by U. S. News & World Report, second in the West Coast after the UCSF Medical Center. UCLA Medical Center has research centers covering nearly all major specialties of medicine and nursing as well as dentistry and is the primary teaching hospital for the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the UCLA School of Nursing; the hospital's emergency department is certified as a level I trauma center for adults and pediatrics. Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center is a constituent part of UCLA Health, a comprehensive consortium of research hospitals and medical institutes affiliated with UCLA, including: Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center UCLA Medical Center, Santa Monica Resnick Neuropsychiatric Hospital at UCLA UCLA Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA Medical Group, with its wide-reaching system of primary-care and specialty-care offices throughout the greater Los Angeles region.
Collectively, the hospitals and specialty-care facilities of the UCLA Health system make it among the most comprehensive and advanced healthcare systems in the United States. The hospital has been ranked in the top twenty in 15 of the 16 medical specialties ranked by the US News ranking. Ten of those specialties were ranked in the top ten. In 2005, the American Nurses Credentialing Center granted the medical center "Magnet" status. On June 29, 2008, the new Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center opened and became operational, replacing the older facilities across the street; the older hospital complex had suffered moderate interior structural damage in the 1994 Northridge earthquake. Because numerous hospitals in the area were damaged during the Northridge earthquake and injured people had to be transported long distances for emergency care, the state of California passed SB1953, an amendment to an older law requiring all hospitals to move their acute care and intensive care units into earthquake-resistant buildings by 2008.
Budgeted at $598 million in 1998, construction began in 1999 and was completed in 2004. Cost overruns and construction delays attributed to rising construction costs and design changes due to medical advances resulted in the price of the building increasing to $829 million. Equipment purchased for the new building increased the total cost to over $1 billion; the Federal Emergency Management Agency contributed $432 million in earthquake relief funds to the project, the state of California contributed $44 million. Private donations raised over $300 million for the project, including $150 million in President Reagan's name; the new building was constructed to withstand an 8.0 magnitude earthquake, one of the first buildings in California built to the most recent seismic standards. The new 1,050,000-square-foot hospital is named after the late President of the United States and Governor of California Ronald Reagan, it was designed by C. C. "Didi" Pei of Pei Partnership Architects in collaboration with his father, renowned Pritzker Prize-winning architect I.
M. Pei, has been claimed to be the most technologically advanced hospital in the US; the hospital will contain fewer patient beds than the one. Patient beds in the intensive-care units will be accessible to nurses and physicians from 360 degrees, surgical floor plans will be modular, allowing them to be expanded and reconfigured as medical technology evolves; the hospital is sheathed with mechanically honed, cream colored, horizontally grained travertine marble panels sold at below-market-rate cost by Primo Marrioti, the owner of an Italian quarry whose cancer was cured at UCLA. The travertine elements were fastened to a sophisticated interlocking panelized aluminum cladding system developed by Benson Industries of Portland, Oregon; the building envelope is designed to resist and survive severe seismic events and maintain excellent resistance to air and water infiltration. The older center itself is a sprawling 11-story brick building designed by Welton Becket, it is considered a landmark of early modern architecture.
The center was built in several phases, the first of, completed in 1953. The hospital has a "tic-tac-toe" layout of intersecting wings, creating a series of courtyards throughout the complex; the first floor is unusual in that most of its walls are clad in a thick layer of naturally-weathered, travertine, creating an unusual "organic" appearance. The exterior architecture is simple, consisting of a red brick wall with horizontal bands of stainless-steel louvers over the windows to keep direct sunlight from heating the building; some of the old complex will be torn down, some of it will be renovated and turned into office space when it is no longer an operational hospital. The law does not require that all parts of a hospital be made earthquake-safe, only the most important parts. Much of the extensive travertine wall cladding from the building's interior will most be salvaged and re-used. Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center has covered paramedic areas for the Fire Department. Beverly Hills F. D. - RA 1, 2 and 3 Los Angeles Fire Department - RA 5, 19, 34, 37, 43, 58, 59, 63, 92, 94 and 95.
Los Angeles County Fire Department - Squads 71, 88, 89 and 172. The UCLA Mattel Children's Hospital is located on the west wing of the newly constructed Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center "to provide treatment for children in a compassionate atmosphere, and, as a teaching hospital, to conduct research that improves the understanding and treatment of pediatric diseases," as stated in its mission statement
University of California, Irvine School of Medicine
The University of California, Irvine School of Medicine is an LCME accredited medical school, co-located in Orange County's cities of Irvine on the University of California, Irvine campus and Orange at the UC Irvine Medical Center. Of the medical schools evaluated for its 2013 edition, U. S News & World Report ranked the school 43rd in 61st in Primary Care; the school was founded in 1896 by A. C. Moore and is the oldest continually operating medical school in the greater Los Angeles area. Although the School of Medicine joined UC Irvine in 1967, its history goes back more than 100 years. In 1896, the Pacific College of Osteopathy was founded in the city of Anaheim. Upon moving to Los Angeles in 1904, through a merger with the Los Angeles College of Osteopathy, the California College of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons was created in 1914 and would exist as such until 1961. In that year, as the California Osteopathic Association merged with the California Medical Association, the college was converted into an MD-granting medical school and was renamed the California College of Medicine.
Over the next three years, its administrators worked with the University of California to have it become the third UC medical school, joining those on the San Francisco and Los Angeles campuses. This was accomplished on October 1, 1965, when the California College of Medicine passed into the full control of the UC Regents and became part of the University of California. Four days UC President Clark Kerr received a CCM faculty resolution requesting that the Regents designate UC Irvine as the campus on which the College of Medicine be developed. On April 20, 1967, the UC Regents approved moving the California College of Medicine to the Irvine campus, creating the UC Irvine College of Medicine. Following that, on July 23, 1968, the Orange County Board of Supervisors approved an affiliation between the Orange County Medical Center and the UC Irvine College of Medicine, giving the medical school a teaching hospital; the UC Irvine College of Medicine moved onto the UC Irvine campus in 1968, on Aug. 29, a first-year class of 94 students began coursework in the Med Surge I and II buildings.
Six years on October 3, 1974, the UC Regents purchased the Orange County Medical Center for $5.5 million. The facility was renamed the UC Irvine Medical Center; the School of Medicine consists of 19 clinical and 6 basic science departments and has several graduate degree-granting programs. These include PhD programs in epidemiology, the interdisciplinary PhD program in cellular & molecular biosciences the Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program and toxicology, MS programs in environmental toxicology and genetic counseling. In 2010, UC Irvine opened its $40.5 million, 65,000-square-foot on-campus medical education building that provides a simulation training center along with clinical laboratories and telemedicine stations. The UC Irvine School of Medicine was the first medical school in the country to adopt a tablet-based curriculum. Irwin Rose, Nobel Laureate, known for Ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, nephrology and epidemiology Frank L. Meyskens, Jr. oncology
Kaweah Delta Medical Center
The Kaweah Delta Medical Center is a 581-bed hospital located in Visalia, United States. It is operated by the Kaweah Delta Health Care District, a political subdivision of the State of California, governed by an elected board of directors. Kaweah Delta Health Care District is a 581-bed district with eight campuses in Tulare and Kings counties serving the Central Valley of Visalia, its campuses consist of Kaweah Delta Medical Center, Kaweah Delta South Campus, Kaweah Delta West Campus, Kaweah Delta Porterville Dialysis, Kaweah Delta Woodlake Health Clinic, Kaweah Delta Exeter Health Clinic, Kaweah Delta Lindsay Health Clinic and Sequoia Regional Cancer Center Radiation Oncology in Hanford. Kaweah Delta operates with less than 1 % of funding coming from taxpayers, it received certification as a Level III Trauma Center in 2010, making it the only trauma center in the Greater Visalia Area. In July 2013 Kaweah Delta established residency training programs in Family Practice and Emergency Medicine, followed by a Psychiatry Residency program in 2014, Surgery and Transitional Year programs in 2015, an Anesthesia residency in 2017.
As of the academic year 2018, all six Kaweah residency programs are accredited by the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education, include a total of over 100 training positions. The Kaweah Delta Hospital District was formed in March 1961 by a vote of the community; the Tulare County Board of Supervisors appointed the first governing board. After the establishment of the District's physical boundaries and years of planning, operation of Kaweah Delta District Hospital commenced July 1, 1963, when the Board of Directors leased the former Visalia Municipal Hospital, a 68-bed facility and provided basic health care needs to the local community; this building, constructed in 1936, was in use until a new hospital was ready in 1969. Kaweah Delta Hospital is still in operation at this site. In 2004, the southwest tower along Mill Creek was constructed, it was the site of the Automobile Club of Southern California after it moved from its first office in Visalia in 1941. Kaweah Delta’s six-floor Acequia Wing, which opened its doors in 2009, is one of Kaweah Delta Medical Center’s most needed and dramatic expansions.
A major emphasis of the new wing was healing the community’s hearts at home. The wing’s dedication to cardiovascular health is everywhere in its new Telemetry Department, Cardiac Surgery and Catheterization Labs, three new surgery suites and in its new Cardiac Intensive Care Unit. Additionally, the wing added 38 post-delivery rooms for mothers and babies and increased the size of the Emergency Department, which handles more than 80,000 visits a year; the expanded ED includes four state-of-the-art trauma bays, four critical-care beds and eight new treatment rooms and a helipad, allowing Kaweah Delta to accept and transfer patients when minutes matter. Official Kaweah Delta website This hospital in the CA Healthcare Atlas A project by OSHPD
UC Davis Medical Center
UC Davis Medical Center known as Sacramento Medical Center, is a major academic health center located in Sacramento, California. It is owned and operated by the University of California as part of its University of California, Davis campus; the medical center sits on a 142-acre campus located between the Elmhurst, Tahoe Park, Oak Park residential neighborhoods. The site incorporates the land and some of the buildings of the former Sacramento Medical Center as well as much of the land occupied by the California State Fair until its 1967 move to a new location; the 631-bed hospital serves as key referral center for a 65,000-square-mile area that includes 33 counties and 6 million residents. It operates inland Northern California’s only level I trauma center for both adult and pediatric emergencies and maintains a staff of specialists and researchers in more than 150 areas of health care. UC Davis Medical Center ranked among the nation’s top hospitals for 2018-19 in 11 adult medical specialties and 5 children's medical specialties, it is one of the top five hospitals in California, according to an annual U.
S. News & World Report Best Hospitals survey published in July 2018; the medical center is the primary teaching hospital affiliated with the UC Davis School of Medicine. The hospital, medical school, Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing and UC Davis Medical Group together comprise UC Davis Health, a brand of the nearby University of California, Davis; the history of UC Davis Medical Center dates to May 3, 1850 when Sacramento City Council recommended that a hospital be built. The Sacramento County Hospital was established as a result, in 1852. In 1871, the hospital was moved to a 22-acre parcel of land on Stockton Blvd in Sacramento, California. Just five years the original facility was destroyed by fire. In 1879, a new hospital was accepted by the county; this facility was designed by N. D. Goodell, architect of the Governors Mansion in Sacramento, it stood until 1914, when construction of an new facility was proposed. The main hospital building was completed in 1928, still stands today, it was incorporated into the north/south wing of the main hospital in 1950.
In 1964, 34,000 square feet of space was added to the hospital. Two years the facility became a community hospital, making everyone in Sacramento County eligible for patient care. In 1966, an affiliation agreement was reached with UC Davis, making the hospital a primary teaching hospital, expanding its mission to include education and research; the Medical School at Davis opened its doors on September 23, 1968 and one month a dedication ceremony changed the name of the hospital from Sacramento County Hospital to the Sacramento Medical Center. In 1970, defeat of a Health Sciences Bond issue squelched the hopes of a new V. A. hospital in Davis, CA, setting in motion an agreement signed two years between the County of Sacramento and UC Davis. This agreement provided for the transfer of ownership and operation of the hospital to the University; that same year, UC Regents purchased 32 acres of vacant land east of 45th street used by the California State Fairgrounds. This purchase increased the size of the medical center campus to 54 acres.
The Sacramento Medical Center became the University of California, Davis Medical Center on July 1, 1978, five years after its purchase on July 1, 1973. UC Davis Medical Center is verified as both a level I trauma center and a level I pediatric trauma center by the American College of Surgeons. Of the 112 level I trauma centers in the United States, fewer than 20 are verified for both adults and pediatrics. UC Davis functions as California's only level I trauma center north of San Francisco and is among the nation’s busiest. In 2008, UC Davis admitted more than twice the amount of trauma patients required to achieve level I status; the UC Davis Burn Center collaborates with neighboring Shriners Hospitals for Children Northern California hospital to create a regional burn treatment center. As part of their collaboration, UC Davis Medical Center cares for adult burn patients and Shriners for children. With close to 600 admissions per year, the combined burn programs make up one of the busiest five to ten burn centers in the nation.
Specialists research and develop model treatments and guidelines for improving burn care and recovery. The center is the only in inland Northern California and the Central Valley verified by the American Burn Association; the review program is designed to verify a burn center's resources that are required for the provision of optimal care to burn patients from the time of injury through rehabilitation. Of 125 hospitals with burn centers in the United States, less than half are verified. Community firefighters partnered with UC Davis in 1972 to establish the UC Davis Regional Burn Center after an airplane crash at a Sacramento ice cream parlor killed 22 people and burned dozens. In 2005 the Firefighters Burn Institute donated $1 million to help build a new, larger center that will consolidate services in a single location. UC Davis Medical Center is certified as an advanced primary stroke center by The Joint Commission, signifying that services have the critical elements to achieve long-term success in improving outcomes for stroke patients.
Certification is based on recommendations from the Brain Attack Coalition, the American Stroke Association. As part of UC Davis Health, UC Davis Medical Center is linked to clinical and research centers in several area
Loma Linda University Medical Center
Loma Linda University Medical Center is the teaching hospital for Loma Linda University, which includes schools of allied health professions, behavioral health, medicine, pharmacy, public health, religion on the university campus in Loma Linda, United States. The medical center serves as a level I trauma center for San Bernardino County and the rest of the Inland Empire; the hospital has two helipads for use by other helicopter medical transport. The main tower of the center is 11 stories high, it is one of the tallest buildings in the Inland Empire. Because of its height and white coloration, it is possible to view the main hospital building from various locations around the San Bernardino valley and mountains; the hospital is undergoing a seismic upgrade project. Loma Linda University Medical Center made international news on October 26, 1984, when Dr. Leonard L Bailey transplanted a baboon heart into Baby Fae, an infant born with a severe heart defect known as hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
Baby Fae died a few weeks later. LLUMC is home to the Venom E. R. which specializes in snake bites. In 2014, LLUMC was ranked the 14th best hospital in California by the U. S. News & World Report. Loma Linda University Medical Center is the teaching hospital for Loma Linda University, which includes schools of medicine, pharmacy, allied health, public health, behavioral health. Loma Linda University Children’s Hospital is the sole children’s hospital for 1.3 million of California’s youth. With over 275 beds just for children, the American Board of Surgeons has designated the Children’s Hospital as a Level 1 Trauma Center, providing the highest level of trauma care within the Inland Empire four-county area; each year, more than 15,000 children stay at the hospital and over 130,000 children visit the hospital for ambulatory care. The only medical facility in the Inland Empire specializing in the care of children, Children’s Hospital transports over 1,100 critically ill or injured children each year from surrounding hospitals.
The James M. Slater Proton Treatment and Research Center at Loma Linda University Medical Center offers proton therapy treatments for prostate, lung and other types of cancers; this center is the nation's first hospital-based proton treatment center. Since its opening in 1990 over 14,500 patients have been treated. Through a multidisciplinary approach, teams of experts including radiation oncologists, nurses and staff treat patients with care to ensure they experience fewer side effects and better outcomes with the power and precision of proton therapy. Using high-energy protons for medical treatment was first proposed in 1946. Protons were first used to treat patients with certain cancers less than 10 years later. Research and laboratory applications increased in the next three decades, it was not until the opening of the James M. Slater Proton Treatment and Research Center at Loma Linda University Medical Center in 1990, that the full benefits of proton treatment could be offered to patients with a wide variety of cancers.
The synchrotron was invented in the 1950s to produce higher-energy particles for studying subnuclear matter. Much of that work was done at the U. S. Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Fermilab physicists and engineers built the proton accelerator that exists at Loma Linda University Medical Center today. LLUMC's accelerator is the world's smallest variable-energy proton synchrotron, it is designed to deliver a beam of energy sufficient to reach the deepest tumors in patients. In May 2008, it was announced that LLUMC had been in talks since December and had finalized a buyout of the 28-bed California Heart and Surgical Center located two miles east of the main campus on the border of Loma Linda and Redlands, California; this was a marked departure of their previous position of opposition to the facility when it was first proposed in 2005. The Heart and Surgical Center would have been a for-profit facility while the Loma Linda is a non-profit facility and it was feared by area hospitals, including Loma Linda, that the Heart and Surgical Center would take all the paying patients.
However, Loma Linda finalized the construction and furnishing of the center and in January 2009, they received state approval to open and begin operations as Loma Linda University Heart & Surgical Hospital. The daVinci Robot, operated at the Medical Center to perform minimally invasive robotic surgeries was moved to the Surgical Hospital; the hospital is now known as Loma Linda University Surgical Hospital, when heart operations were moved to the main medical center. In 2004, Loma Linda University Behavioral Medicine Center paid 2.2 million dollars to settle a federal lawsuit that the organization had over-billed federal health insurance programs. The lawsuit alleged that its billing service had prepared two different cost reports, one for internal use and an inflated one to bill Medicare. In 2005, a group of 20 physician corporations paid US$2.2 million to settle a federal lawsuit over fraudulent Medicare billings reviewed under the Physicians at Teaching Hospitals initiative. The lawsuit alleged that the hospital had been billing Medicare for procedures done by residents and interns as if they had been done by the attending physicians.
The main hospital building is undergoing a seismic upgrade project. It is being headed by Turner Construction Company of New York, NY; the project includes reinforcing the main building to bring it up to Californi