The Auster B8 Agricola was a commercially unsuccessful British agricultural aircraft designed for the aerial topdressing market which opened up in New Zealand in the early 1950s. Constructed of fabric over a corrosion-proofed steel frame, the design featured a large high-lift low-set monoplane wing, external control cables, fixed tailwheel undercarriage and a somewhat angular fuselage, it had an aft cabin that could seat two passengers, a hopper over the centre of the wing which could hold 750 kg of superphosphate in the topdressing role, or 654 litres of spray as a crop duster. The pilot sat forward of the hopper over the wing leading edge, a position which gave a good field of view compared with the American practice of placing the pilot behind the hopper, though this view was somewhat restricted by the extensive canopy joinery and bulky rear decking; the Agricola's handling was described favourably its slow speed performance and controls, while its rugged and simple construction allowed for easy maintenance and repair.
The aircraft was utilitarian rather than attractive. The type was first flown in 1955, it was out-competed in its target market by the PAC Fletcher and attempts to sell the type for Aerial application work in Britain and Europe met with little success. Only nine were made. Of these ZK-BXO, is the sole survivor. Restored by John Stephenson of Whitianga, it was operated for many years by him as both a historic aircraft and personal transport. BXO was sold to the UK in 2005 and re-registered as G-CBOA. In March 2016, the aircraft was once again sold to New Zealand. Data from British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 1General characteristics Crew: one Capacity: 144 imperial gallons insecticide or 1,700 lb. Flight. Vol. 69 no. 2451. 13 January 1956. Pp. 47–51. Knowles, Alan. New Zealand Aircraft Illustrated. Jackson, A. J.. British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 1. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10006-9. Lambert, C. M.. "Handling the Agricola". Flight. Vol. 70 no. 2491. Pp. 646–647. New Zealand forum discussion G-INFO database entry for G-CBOA
Madeleine Biardeau was an Indologist from France. Madeleine Biardeau was born into a middle-class family of small entrepreneurs, she was educated at the Ecole normale supérieure in Sèvres. Here, she was attracted to the Eastern spirituality and started learning Sanskrit in order to study Hindu philosophy. Curious about India, Biardeau joined the University of Travancore for two years in the 1950s, studied Sanskrit texts with pandits, she visited India every year until the 1990s, worked with pandits at the Deccan College and the French Institute of Pondicherry. She visited places of worship in towns and villages, surveying people from different castes and collecting information about the various cults and rituals. Meanwhile, she taught at the École pratique des hautes études, she studied the philosophy contained in the Advaita Vedanta in detail. She translated the works of Mandana Misra, Vacaspati Misra, Bhartṛhari into French, she wrote her doctoral dissertation on The Theory of Knowledge and the Philosophy of Speech in Classical Brahmanism in 1964 The Hindu epics constituted a main area of Biardeau's scholarship.
She translated the Ramayana of Valmiki into French, in collaboration with two other scholars: Marie-Claude Porcher and Philippe Benoit. Her last major work comprised the two edited volumes of the Mahabharata published in 2002. Biardeau retired to Cherveux in 2008, died there in 2010. Histoires de poteaux: Variations védiques autour de la Déesse hindoue, École Française d'Extrême Orient, 2005. Stories about Posts: Vedic Variations around the Hindu Goddess. ISBN 978-0-226-04595-5. Translated by Alf Hiltebeitel. L'hindouisme, anthropologie d'une civilisation, Flammarion, 1995. Hinduism: The Anthropology of a Civilization. ISBN 978-0-19-563389-4. Translated by Richard Nice. Le Mahabharata, Le Seuil, 2002. A two-edition French translation of the Mahabharata. Obituary in Indologica Volume XXXVII
Stepan Skitalets, was the pen-name of Stepan Gavrilovich Petrov, a Russian/Soviet poet, writer of fiction and folk musician. The name Skitalets means "wanderer" in Russian. Skitalets was born in Samara Province to a peasant father. After gaining his freedom Skitalets's father spent some time as a village bartender and took to wandering through Russia, with his young son in tow, the two making a living together as street and barroom musicians for several years. Afterwards they returned to Samara province. Skitalets's father taught him to play the gusli, Skitalets was well known in life for his skill with the instrument and for being a talented folk singer, he spoke of his early years with his father in a short poem: "His gusli my singer father left, / He left me songs my share, / To sow his peasant seed song gift / To grow in my native air. During the years of wandering with his father he experienced want and bad conditions, but he was able to collect a wealth of experiences, meeting different people and travelling throughout Russia.
After being expelled from the Samara Teacher's Seminary in 1887 under suspicion of political radicalism, he went out on his own in southern Russia, working as a clerk, singer, writing for several papers, taking part in the student revolutionary movement. In 1898 he met Maxim Gorky, whose fame was on the rise, the two became close friends; this meeting was the deciding point of his young life. Skitalets came to Moscow with Gorky where he joined the Sreda, a literary group founded by the writer Nikolay Teleshov, which included many of Russia's most popular authors and artists, such as Leonid Andreyev, Ivan Bunin, Fyodor Chaliapin, Gorky and, when he was in town, Anton Chekhov. In 1902 Skitalets's first collection of stories and poems was published by Gorky's company Znanie. During this time he published poetry, short stories, novellas, most of which were read and discussed among his friends in the Sreda. One of his songs, which he first sang at a meeting of the Sreda, was included in the beginning of the second act of Gorky's play The Lower Depths.
The song begins with the lines: The sun rises and sets / But my prison is dark, dark. He was the author of a popular folk song about Stepan Razin. Skitalets's revolutionary poetry was praised by Vladimir Lenin among others. One of his revolutionary poems, recited at a charity event in 1902, can be found on the List of Russian language poets, his reading of this poem and several others caused an uproar of cheers and shouts, leading to the event being broken up by the police, to the arrest of Leonid Andreyev, who'd been the event's organizer. Andreyev was acquitted in court. Skitalets was arrested for his revolutionary activities in 1888, 1901, 1902 and 1905, he continued publishing his works separately and in collected editions through the years leading up to World War I and the Russian Revolution of 1917. During World War 1 Skitalets served as a medical orderly, published several works condemning the war, he supported the 1917 Revolution. He lived abroad from 1922 to 1934 in Harbin China where he worked for several newspapers, contributed works to Soviet journals.
He spent some time in Australia on assignment. He returned to Russia in July, 1934, renewed his friendship with Gorky and again took part in literary and social life, he published the novels The House of the Chernovs in 1935 and Fetters in 1940. He died in Moscow in 1941, was buried in the Vvedenskoye Cemetery; the Love of a Scene Painter, from Short Story Classics Volume 1, P. F. Collier, 1907. From Archive.org Icarus, And the Fire Spread, The Blacksmith, from The Salt Pit and Other Stories, Raduga Publishers, 1988
Thomas J. Madden is an American author and public relations expert, founder of the international public relations firm TransMedia Group. Thomas Madden received a BS degree in journalism from Temple University in 1962. In 1964, he moved to Atlantic City, New Jersey, began working as a reporter at The Press of Atlantic City. In 1966, Madden and his family relocated to Philadelphia where he became a reporter and feature writer at The Philadelphia Inquirer. After receiving an MA from the Annenberg School of Communications at The University of Pennsylvania in 1970 while working the night shift as a reporter, Madden taught journalism part-time at Rutgers University before moving his family to New Orleans in late 1970, where he became an assistant professor of journalism at Loyola University. In 1974, Madden left college teaching, moved his family back to the Northeast and took a position with the well-known public relations firm Dudley Anderson Yutzy in Manhattan, where he worked on the firm's largest accounts, including Kellogg's of Battle Creek, MI, writing speeches for the company's CEO, William LaMothe, which were printed in The New York Times and Vital Speeches of the Day.
In 1977, Madden joined American Broadcasting Company as Director of Public Relations Planning. At ABC he wrote speeches for and media-trained senior executives, including the company’s founder Leonard Goldenson and programming whiz Fred Silverman who in 1980 brought Madden with him to NBC after becoming its president and CEO. Silverman appointed Madden to Vice President, Assistant to the President. Madden worked at NBC in both executive administration and programming before leaving and starting TransMedia Consultants, Inc. in 1981, which became a boutique PR agency in Manhattan, serving such clients as AT&T, Drexel Burnham Lambert, Met Life, The City of New York. In 1987, Madden and his wife and partner, Angela who had become the firm’s CFO, relocated the business to Palm Beach, FL, renaming it TransMedia Group. In 1999, Madden and his wife bought a building in downtown Boca Raton, which became The TransMedia Building, where the firm grew to become one of the largest independent PR firms in Florida and where it operates.
The firm’s clients have included AT&T, American Red Cross, City of New York, GL Homes, Jordache Enterprises, McCormick and Schmick's, Rexall Sundown and Stanley Steemer. Inventor of the Knife and Forklift, a patented combination of utensils and dumbbells designed to help overeaters slow down and exercise while eating. Accredited Member of the Public Relations Society of America. Author of several books, including a memoir, Spin Man and King of the Condo, a satiric murder mystery novel based on his personal experiences as a tormented president of a Florida condo. Platinum author on EvanCarmichael.com Named Writer of the Month for his screenplay Father's Day Ghost Story Literary Agent ShowcaseSpotLight Trustee member of the Boca Raton Chamber of Commerce Received a Bronze Anvil Award in 1981 from The Public Relations Society of America for a public service campaign promoting fair housing in New York City, which Madden created for The City of New York
Combe Martin is a village, civil parish and former manor on the North Devon coast about 4 miles east of Ilfracombe. It is a small seaside resort with a sheltered cove on the north-west edge of the Exmoor National Park. Due to the narrowness of the valley, the village consists principally of one single long street which runs 2 miles between the valley head and the sea. An electoral ward with the village name exists; the ward population at the 2011 census was 3,941. Evidence of Iron Age occupation includes the nearby Newberry Castle fort; the toponym "Combe" is derived from Old English cumb meaning "wooded valley". It derives from the same Brythonic source as the Welsh cwm of the same meaning; the name was recorded as Comer in 1128. The'Martin' suffix on the place name is from the name of the FitzMartin family, feudal barons of Barnstaple, from which large barony the manor of Combe was held; the FitzMartins held the barony following the marriage of Nicholas FitzMartin to Maud de Tracy, heiress of the barony of Barnstaple, until the death of his grandson William II FitzMartin in 1326 who left his two sisters co-heiresses.
There are several disused silver mines on the eastern ridge and evidence of tunnels can still be seen, as well as the remains of a wheelhouse used to lift ore from the mine. There are items in the Crown Jewels made from Combe Martin silver and a large part of the war expenses of Edward III and Henry V were paid for by the sale of silver mined here; the unusual dedication of the parish church St Peter ad Vincula to St Peter ad Vincula is derived from the ancient Basilica of San Pietro in Vincoli in Rome. One of the village's unusual features is the Pack o' Cards public house built around 1700 by George Ley. Reputed to have been funded by his gambling successes, it had 52 windows, 13 rooms and four floors, it is believed that the street is the longest village street in England, but this is a myth. It was measured at around a mile and a half long; the actual longest street is Buckinghamshire. The myth has several possible origins: Combe Martin has the Guinness world record for the world's longest street party, this can be confused as longest village street.
Many people measure Combe Martin from one "you are entering Combe Martin" sign to the other. One of the signs is placed an unusually long way from the village. Combe Martin has several active pubs. There is a saying in Combe Martin that "At the George and Dragon they talk about my sprained thumb, at the Dolphin they talk about my broken leg." At one time there were nine pubs: The Castle, The Dolphin, the Fo'c'stle, the George and Dragon, the Lion Inn, The London Inn, The Marine, the Pack o' Cards and the Top George. As part of the annual Carnival celebrations, there was a wheelbarrow race over the length of the village, competitors having to stop at each pub and consume a glass of beer before continuing. In 2008 the wheelbarrow race was replaced by a Fun alcohol free wheelbarrow parade; the wheelbarrow race was reinstated in 2009. The carnival, ran in the first week of August includes a popular parade where Floats travel down the long high street for many onlookers. One float named the Uncle Tom Cobley has been entered into the parade since 1911.
The annual procession "The Hunting of the Earl of Rone" features the rare hobby horse of England and a character called the Earl of Rone. The Hunting of the Earl of Rone takes place over a weekend, finishing with a two-mile procession along the main street, featuring, as well as the'obby'oss and Earl of Rone, a Fool, "Grenadiers", drummers and music, a donkey, hundreds of dancers in festive dress; the custom was banned in 1837 as well as the death of a drunken parishioner falling off a wall during the celebrations. The Rone custom was reconstructed in 1970. Legend has it that the Earl of Tyrone fled Ireland in 1607 and was shipwrecked at Rapparee Beach, in Ilfracombe harbour, to the west of the village. However, he made it to Continental Europe, it is an interesting and noisy event which takes place over the Spring Bank Holiday weekend each year. In early June, a traditional strawberry fayre is held, where stalls are set up to sell local farm produce. Combe Martin was a big producer of strawberries in the past, being sold all over Devon and further afield.
Whilst they may not produce many strawberries in the present, the tradition of holding a strawberry fayre remains to celebrate their history. However, other stalls such as charities and children's entertainment are usually present. A Farmers Market is held every 3rd Saturday of the month, which only sells food and is smaller, fitting into the village hall. Just to the east of Combe Martin Bay are the Hangman hills, the Hangman cliffs are made up of Little Hangman and the Great Hangman; the Great Hangman is a hog-backed hill of 1043 ft with a cliff-face of 820 ft, making it the highest cliff in southern Britain, can be reached by following the South West Coast Path which runs through the village. Combe Martin lies within the North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty; the Wildlife and Dinosaur Park is similar to a normal wildlife park, containing animals such as wallabies, free-roaming macaws and lions, but there are models and animatronic dinosaurs. The models are in their own area, Domain of the Dinosaurs, whilst the animatronics have an enclosure in the main area of the park.
There is a Dinosaur Museum with a fossilised skeleton and egg nest of some dinosaurs. Other attractions include a train ride wit