Comarcas of Spain
In Spain traditionally and some autonomous communities are divided into comarcas. Some comarcas have a defined status, are regulated by law and their comarcal councils have some power. In some other cases their legal status is not formal for they correspond to natural areas, like valleys, river basins and mountainous areas, or to historical regions overlapping different provinces and ancient kingdoms. In such comarcas or natural regions municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in mancomunidad, like the Taula del Sénia, the only legal formula that has allowed those comarcas to manage their public municipal resources meaningfully. There is a comarca, the Cerdanya, divided between two states, the southwestern half being counted as a comarca of Spain, while the northeastern half is part of France. In English, a comarca is equivalent to a district, area or zone. Alto Almanzora Poniente Almeriense Níjar Los Vélez Levante Almería Bahía de Cádiz Bajo Guadalquivir called Costa Noroeste Campo de Gibraltar La Janda Campiña de Jerez called Marco de Jerez Sierra de Cádiz Alto Guadalquivir Campiña de Baena Campiña Este - Guadajoz Campiña Sur Los Pedroches Subbetica Valle del Guadiato Valle Medio del Guadalquivir Granadin Alpujarra Comarca de Alhama Comarca de Baza Comarca de Guadix Comarca de Huéscar Comarca de Loja Granadin Coast Los Montes Lecrin Valley Vega de Granada Andévalo Condado de Huelva Cuenca Minera de Huelva Costa Occidental de Huelva Huelva Sierra de Huelva Alto Guadalquivir - Cazorla La Campiña El Condado Área Metropolitana de Jaén La Loma Las Villas Norte Sierra Mágina Sierra de Segura Sierra Sur de Jaén Antequera Axarquía Costa del Sol Occidental Málaga Serranía de Ronda Valle del Guadalhorce Aljarafe Bajo Guadalquivir Campiña Estepa Marisma Sierra Norte Sierra Sur La Vega Alto Gállego Bajo Cinca called Baix Cinca Cinca Medio Hoya de Huesca called Plana de Uesca Jacetania La Litera called La Llitera Monegros Ribagorza Sobrarbe Somontano de Barbastro Bajo Martín Jiloca Cuencas Mineras Andorra-Sierra de Arcos Bajo Aragón Comunidad de Teruel Maestrazgo Sierra de Albarracín Comarca, named after the Sierra de Albarracín mountain range Gúdar-Javalambre Matarraña called Matarranya Aranda Bajo Aragón-Caspe called Baix Aragó-Casp Campo de Belchite Campo de Borja Campo de Cariñena Campo de Daroca Cinco Villas Comunidad de Calatayud Ribera Alta del Ebro Ribera Baja del Ebro Tarazona y el Moncayo Valdejalón Zaragoza Avilés Caudal Eo-Navia Gijón / Xixón Nalón Narcea Oriente Oviedo / Uviéu Serra de Tramuntana Es Raiguer Es Pla Migjorn Llevant Menorca Eivissa Formentera Añana Aiara / Ayala Agurain / Salvatierra Vitoria-Gasteiz Zuia Arabako Mendialdea / Montaña Alavesa Arabako Errioxa / Rioja Alavesa Arratia-Nerbioi Busturialdea Durangaldea Enkarterri Greater Bilbao Lea-Artibai Uribe Bidasoa-Txingudi Debabarrena Debagoiena Goierri Donostialdea Tolosaldea Urola Kosta Fuerteventura Lanzarote Las Palmas El Hierro La Gomera La Palma Tenerife Valle de Güímar Valle de la Orotava Icod Daute Isla Baja Isora-Teno Tenerife Sur Tenerife Sur Acentejo Metropolitana-Anaga Comarca de Santander Besaya Saja-Nansa Costa occidental Costa oriental Trasmiera Pas-Miera Asón-Agüera Liébana Campoo-Los Valles Alt Penedès Anoia Bages Baix Llobregat Barcelonès Berguedà Garraf Maresme Moianès Osona Vallès Occidental Vallès Oriental Alt Empordà Baix Empordà Baixa Cerdanya Garrotxa Gironès Osona Pla de l'Estany Ripollès Selva Alt Urgell Alta Ribagorça Baixa Cerdanya Garrigues Noguera Pallars Jussà Pallars Sobirà Pla d'Urgell Segarra Segrià Solsonès Urgell Val d'Aran Alt Camp Baix Camp Baix Ebre Baix Penedès Conca de Barberà Montsià Priorat Ribera d'Ebre Tarragonès Terra Alta Llanos de Albacete Campos de Hellín La Mancha del Júcar-Centro La Manchuela Monte Ibérico–Corredor de Almansa Sierra de Alcaraz y Campo de Montiel Sierra del Segura Campo de Montiel.
Alcarria conquense. La Mancha de Cuenca. Manchuela conquense. Serranía Alta. Serranía Baja. Serranía Media-Campichuelo. Campiña de Guadalajara Campiña del Henares La Alcarria La Serranía Señorío de Molina-Alto Tajo Campo de San Juan La Jara La Campana de Oropesa Mancha Alta de Toledo Mesa de Ocaña Montes de Toledo La Sagra Sierra de San Vicente Tierras de Talavera Torrijos La Moraña Comarca de Ávila Comarca de El Barco de Ávila - Piedrahíta Comarca de Burgohondo - El Tiemblo - Cebreros Comarca de Arenas de San Pedro Merindades Páramos La Bureba Ebro Odra-Pisuerga Alfoz de Burgos Montes de Oca Arlanza Sierra de la Demanda Ribera del Duero La Montaña de Luna La Montaña de Riaño La Cabrera Astorga El Bierzo Tierras de León La Bañeza El Páramo Esla-Campos Sahagún Cerrato Palentino Montaña Palentina Páramos Valles Tierra de Campos Comarca de Vitigudino Comarca de Ciudad Rodrigo La Armuña Las Villas Tierra de Peñaranda Tierra de Cantalapiedra Tierra de Ledesma Comarca de Guijuelo Tierra de Alba Sierra de Béjar Sierra de Francia Campo de Salamanca An official classification establishes three comarcas: Segovia.
Cuéllar. Sepúlveda.or sometimes four: Tierra de Pinares. Segovia. Sepúlveda. Tierra de Ayllón. However, historic approaches establish six comarcas: Tierra de Pinares. Tierra de Ayllón. Tierras de Cantalejo y
Brenes is a city located in the province of Seville, Spain. According to the 2014 census, the city has a population of 12,737 inhabitants, it covers an area of 22 km² with a density of 598,46 hab/km². Their geo-coordinates are: 37º 33' N, 5º 52' O and it is 18 m above sea level; the province capital, Seville, is 22 km away. The city is connected by A-462 towards Carmona, by A-8008 connecting San José de la Rinconada and Seville. Brenes - Sistema de Información Multiterritorial de Andalucía
Arahal is a municipality in Seville, Spain. It is situated on the southeast of Seville; this town is known as "El Arahal", being recognized by this name until 1981. Ar-rahal is an Arabic term. Arahal's origins are a bit unclear because on June 30, 1857 all public records were burned in a riot. According to the remains of tombstones and sarcophagi found with the name of Basilippo, the history of Arahal seems to ho back to Roman Empire. On 22 July 1240, Fernando III conquered the city, which served to be a strategic point in conquering the nearby city of Morón de la Frontera two days later; the February 20 of 1554 Arahal reached the plenty independence from Morón, Charles V gives this privilege to Arahal, the document was burned in the riots of 1857. There are several monuments in most of theme churchs, including: Nta. Sra. de la Victoria church. Temple finished in the tower late XVII Vera-Cruz church. 1602 Nta. Sra. Del Rosario convent. 1608 San Roque church. 1624 Santo Cristo de la Misericordia church.
16th century Santa María Magdalena parish-church. It is one of the biggest in the province, it was built in 1800 after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake destroyed the old one, the tower remains from the previous temple. San Antonio hermitage. 17th century. Arahal has a Mediterranean climate Csa according to the Köppen climate classification, it is characterized by its variable rainfall, dry summers and hot summers and mild winters and rainy. One of the official historical higher temperatures was record in Arahal when the thermometer reached 49 °C on the shade on July 23, 1995, according to the Statistical Yearbook of Andalusia, the INM and AEMET. Arahal has a weather station located at Moron Air Base, station data represents the climate of arahal, in operation since 1951
Carmona is a town of southwestern Spain, in the province of Seville. Carmona is built on a ridge overlooking the central plain of Andalusia; the city is known for its thriving trade in wine, olive oil and cattle, holds an annual fair in April. Carmona was a Tartessian-Turdetani settlement. With the arrival of Phoenician traders from Tyre, Carmona was transformed into a city, centuries became a Roman stronghold of Hispania Baetica, it was known as Carmo in the time of Julius Caesar. The city was made more impregnable during the long occupation of the Moors, who erected walls around it, built fountains and palaces within. In 1247, Ferdinand III of Castile captured the town, bestowed on it the Latin motto Sicut Lucifer lucet in Aurora, sic in Wandalia Carmona. Carmona has a Mediterranean climate with a sunny spring and some rain in that season. In October, the average temperature ranges from a minimum of 13 °C to a maximum of 26 °C; the city has pleasant winter temperatures. Palace of King Don Pedro, built in the 13th century by Peter I of Castile.
It was damaged by an earthquake in 1504. Moorish alcázar Palace of Rueda Palace of the Marquess of Torres Seville Gate Palace Baroque palaces of Alonso Bernal Escamilla, Domínguez, Lasso Córdoba Gate, the gate on the road to Córdoba of Roman construction Seville Gate, of Carthaginian origins, has the remains of Roman additions, was modified in the Middle Ages by the Moors and the Christians. Marchena Gate, built during the Almohad domination of Spain Roman Bridge Remains of the Via Augusta Tree-lined avenue of Alfonso XIII Roman Necropolis, discovered in 1881, it is located close to the town, beside the Seville road, contains more than nine hundred family tombs dating from the second century BC to the fourth century AD. Enclosed in subterranean chambers hewn from the rock, the tombs are frescoed and contain a series of niches in which many of the funeral urns remain intact; some of the larger tombs have vestibules with stone benches for funeral banquets and several retain carved family emblems.
The Tomb of the Elephant and the Tomb of Servilia in the necropolis Roman Amphitheatre discovered in 1881, together with a group of tombs, all belonging to the first four centuries AD, near the original necropolis. Ayuntamiento Cave of the Batida Fountain of the Lions Hospital of the Mercy and the Charity Church of Saint Bartholomew Tower of the Peak Market Cerezo TheatreReligious buildingsChurch of San Pedro, its tower is a medieval replica of the Giralda bell tower of the Cathedral of Seville. Church of Santa Maria de la Asunción Church of El Salvador, in Baroque style Church of the Convent of Santa Ana Church of San Blas Church of San Felipe Church of Santiago Convent of the Immaculate Conception Convent of the Trinity Convent of Las Descalzas Discalced Carmelite Nuns Convent of Santa Clara, with a Mudéjar church renovated in 1664 in Baroque style Hermitage of San Mateo Hermitage of Our Lady of Real or San Antón. Ermita de la Virgen de Gracia Carmona's restaurants and bars demonstrate a variety of Spanish cuisine including tapas and other dishes.
The city is known for its traditional Andalusian cooking. A pub crawl of various bars, called. Typical Carmonan dishes include: sopa de picadillo, pringá, snails, spinach, Serrano ham, partridge from the mountains, chickpea soup, tomato soup and cuajados. Sweets include: torta inglesa, rice with milk, polvorónes, almond cakes, chestnut stew with cinnamon, porridge sprinkled with cinnamon, cortadillos. A variety of desserts are made in the convents of the city by the nuns of Santa Clara. A common alcoholic beverage is Anise Los Hermanos, distilled and packaged in Carmona. With its rich historical and artistic patrimony lending the city an atmospheric appearance, Carmona has been the setting of numerous films,and continues to attract movie crews; the Location Managers Guild of America, an association that coordinates shoot locations for movie and television production companies from the United States, has shown special interest in the city centre. The Roman Bética Route Tourism Office Carmona Film Office Museum of the city of Carmona Pgou of the city This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed..
"Carmona". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press
Dos Hermanas is a Spanish city 15 km south of Seville in Andalusia, with a population of 131,317 as of 2015. The city's name, which means "two sisters", dates from its founding in 1248 by King Ferdinand III of Castile and honours Elvira and Estefanía Nazareno, the two sisters of Gonzalo Nazareno, one of the king's principal military commanders. For this reason natives of Dos Hermanas are called nazarenos/as. In Tirso de Molina's play El burlador de Sevilla y convidado de piedra, Dos Hermanas is mentioned as the place where Don Juan Tenorio manages to interpose himself in the marriage of two plebeians and Batricio, whom he cleverly deceives; the Trickster of Seville and Stone Guest is the play from which the myth of "Don Juan" derives the name. The main economic activities of the city today are the production and distribution of olive oil and "Spanish olives", together with a significant number of service industries. At Dos Hermanas, south of Los Palacios, there is a powerful broadcasting mediumwave facility with a 232 metre tall guyed mast, used for the transmission of the first program of RNE with 300 kW on 684 kHz.
The transmitter, most designated as "RNE-1 Sevilla" can be received at night throughout Europe and northern Africa. The members of Spanish lounge music duo Los del Río are natives of Dos Hermanas and still reside in the city. Spanish popstar Melody comes from Dos Hermanas. In 2014 a controversy was sparked when an interviewer for Cuatro TV asked her how come she spoke so well'in spite of coming from Dos Hermanas'; this sparked a large debate on Madrid-centric snobbery. Its football club, Dos Hermanas CF, was founded in 1971, it plays in the highest league in the region. It has had four spells playing in national leagues, including the third tier, the Segunda B, between 1999 and 2002, it returned to regional football in 2010. Media related to Dos Hermanas at Wikimedia Commons Official city council site
The Guadalquivir is the fifth longest river in the Iberian Peninsula and the second longest river with its entire length in Spain. The Guadalquivir river is the only great navigable river in Spain, it is navigable from the Gulf of Cádiz to Seville, but in Roman times it was navigable to Córdoba. The Spanish river is 657 km long and drains an area of about 58,000 km2, it begins at Cañada de las Fuentes in the Cazorla mountain range, passes through Córdoba and Seville and ends at the fishing village of Bonanza, in Sanlúcar de Barrameda, flowing into the Gulf of Cádiz, in the Atlantic Ocean. The marshy lowlands at the river's end are known as "Las Marismas"; the river borders Doñana National Park reserve. The modern name of Guadalquivir comes from the Arabic al-wādi al-kabīr, meaning "great river". Classical Arabic Wadi is pronounced in present-day Maghrebi Arabic as Oued. There were a variety of names for the Guadalquivir in pre-Classical times. According to Titus Livius, The History of Rome, Book 28, the native people of Tartessians or Turdetanians called the river by two names: Kertis/Certis and Rerkēs.
Greek geographers sometimes called it the river of Tartessos, after the city of that name. The Romans called it by the name Baetis; the Phoenicians dealt in precious metals. The ancient city of Tartessos was said to have been located at the mouth of the Guadalquivir, although its site has not yet been found; the Romans, whose name for the river was Baetis, settled in Hispalis, in the 2nd century BC, making it into an important river port. By the 1st century BC Hispalis was a walled city with shipyards building longboats to carry wheat. In the 1st century AD the Hispalis was home to entire naval squadrons. Ships sailed to Rome with various products: minerals, fish, etc. During Arab rule between 712 and 1248, the Moors left a stone dock and the Torre del Oro, to reinforce the port defences. In the 13th century, Ferdinand III expanded the shipyards and from Seville's busy port, oil, wool, cheese, wax and dried fruit, salted fish, silk and dye were exported throughout Europe. A reconstructed waterwheel is located at Córdoba on the Guadalquivir River.
The Molino de la Albolafia waterwheel built by the Romans provided water for the nearby Alcázar gardens as well as being used to mill flour. After the discovery of the Americas, Seville became the economic centre of the Spanish Empire as its port monopolised the trans-oceanic trade and the Casa de Contratación wielded its power; as navigation of the Guadalquivir River became difficult Seville's trade monopoly was transferred to Cádiz. The construction of the artificial canal known as the Corta de Merlina in 1794 marked the beginning of the modernisation of the port of Seville. In late November 2010 the new Seville lock began to function as a regulator of the tides after five years of work; the Guadalquivir River Basin occupies an area of 63,085 km2 and has a long history of severe flooding. During the winter of 2010 heavy rainfall caused severe flooding in rural and agricultural areas in the provinces of Seville, Córdoba and Jaén in the Andalusia region; the accumulated rainfall in the month of February was above 250 mm, double the precipitation for Spain for that month.
In March 2010 several tributaries of the Guadalquivir flooded, causing over 1,500 people to flee their homes as a result of increased flow of the Guadalquivir, which on 6 March 2010 reached a volume of 2,000 m3/s in Córdoba and 2,700 m3/s in Seville. This was below that recorded in Seville in the flood of 1963 when a volume of 6,000 m3/s. was reached. During August 2010 when flooding occurred in Jaén, Córdoba and Seville; the Doñana disaster known as the Aznalcóllar Disaster or Guadiamar Disaster was an industrial accident in Andalusia. In April 1998 a holding dam burst at the Los Frailes mine, near Aznalcóllar, Seville Province, releasing 4 to 5 million cubic metres of mine tailings; the Doñana National Park was affected by this event. Of the numerous bridges spanning the Guadalquivir, one of the oldest is the Roman bridge of Córdoba. Significant bridges at Seville include the Puente del Alamillo, Puente de Isabel II or Puente de Triana, Puente del V Centenario; the El Tranco de Beas Dam at the head of the river was built between 1929 and 1944 as a hydroelectricity project of the Franco regime.
Doña Aldonza Dam is located in the Guadalquivir riverbed, in the Andalusian municipalities of Úbeda, Peal de Becerro and Torreperogil in the province of Jaén. The Port of Seville is the primary port on the Guadalquivir River; the Port Authority of Seville is responsible for developing, managing and marketing the Port of Seville. The entrance to the Port of Seville is protected by a lock that regulates the water level, making the port free of tidal influences; the Port of Seville contains over 2,700 m of 1,100 m of private berths. These docks and berths are used for solid and liquid bulk cargoes, roll-on/roll-off cargoes, private vessels and cruise ships. In 2001, the Port of Seville handled 4.9 million tonnes of cargo, including 3.0 million tonnes of solid bulk, 1.6 million tonnes of general cargo, over 264,000 tonnes (291,000
Écija is a town belonging to the province of Seville, Spain. It is in the Andalusian countryside, 85 km east of the city of Seville. According to the 2008 census, Écija has a total population of 40,100 inhabitants, ranking as the fifth most populous city in the province; the river Genil, the main tributary of the river Guadalquivir, runs through the urban area of the city. The economy of Écija is based on agriculture and textile industry; the city has over twenty churches and convents, some of them with either Gothic, Mudéjar, Renaissance or Baroque towers or bell-gables, as well as an Arab fortress. In the Philippines, the province of Nueva Ecija, created as a military comandancia in 1705 by Governor Fausto Cruzat y Góngora, was named in honor of this city. Ancient Iberian finds date back to the 8th century BC, there are several archaeological remains of Greek and Roman settlements. In Roman times the town was at first known as Astigi. During the Roman civil war Écija stood "firmly" at the side of Julius Caesar in the Battle of Munda.
As a reward Caesar ordered the town's fortification and refounded it as a Julian colony Colonia Iulia Firma Astigitana. Under the reign of Octavian, the emperor Augustus, the colony was strengthened according to Caesar's construction plans, its name was finalized as Colonia Iulia Augusta Firma Astigitana. Astigi was an important town of Hispania Baetica, as well as the seat of the Astigitanus, one of the four conventi where the chief men met together at fixed times of the year under the eye of the proconsul to oversee the administration of justice, it was from an early date the seat of a diocese. St. Fulgentius, was named to the see by his brother Isidore of Seville. With the Reconquista, by which areas, held by Muslims were restored to Christian hands, the archdiocese of Seville was recovered, leading to the overshadowing of a nearby diocese such as Astigi, whose territory was joined to that of the archdiocese in 1144. Astigi thus ceased to be a residential diocese and is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.
Although Astigi was one of the largest and most complete Roman cities unearthed, mayor Julian Álvarez Pernía decided in 1998 to bulldoze Écija's Roman ruins and replace them with a 299-car parking lot. After the Romans, it was ruled by successively by Suevs and Visigoths before the Umayyad conquest in 711. Arabs renamed Astigi from which the present name is derived, it was under Arab rule until its conquest in 1240 by King of Castile. Écija is known in Spain as La sartén de Andalucía because its high summer temperatures, although records show higher temperatures elsewhere in Spain. Écija suffered several floods in December 2010. Turismo Écija, in English. EcijaWeb, in Spanish. Astigi Romana Bishops of Astigi: list Catholic Hierarchy: Astigi