Lorca is a municipality and city in the autonomous community of Murcia in southeastern Spain,58 kilometres southwest of the city of Murcia. It had a population of 92,694 in 2010, up from the 2001 census total of 77,477, Lorca is the municipality with the second-largest surface area in Spain with 1,675.21 km2. The city is home to Lorca Castle and the Collegiate church dedicated to St. Patrick, in the Middle Ages Lorca was the frontier town between Christian and Muslim Spain. Even earlier to that during the Roman period it was ancient Ilura or Heliocroca of the Romans, the city was seriously damaged by a magnitude 5.1 earthquake on 11 May 2011, killing at least nine people. Due to shallow hypocenter, the earthquake was more destructive than usual for earthquakes with similar magnitude. Archaeological excavations in the Lorca area have revealed that it has been inhabited continuously since Neolithic times,5,500 years ago. The earliest permanent settlement is in the Guadalentín River valley, likely because of its presence of sources, mineral resources.
On the hillside below the castle and the archaeological digs have revealed the remains of an important population of the El Argar culture during the Bronze Age. During the Roman period, a settlement here was called Eliocroca, detailed in the Antonine Itinerary, elicroca was important enough to become a bishopric, suffragan of the primatial Metropolitan Archbishopric of Toledo, but it was to fade under Islam. In 713, the Teodomiro Pact was signed, referring to the place with the name Lurqa, under this pact, the population was integrated into an autonomous territory, along with six other cities, governed by Theudimer. This lasted until his death when a Muslim reorganization of the state occurred, carried out by Abb-al-Rahman II, who turned the territory into a Córdoba dependency. It led to the formation of the Taifa kingdoms, with the Taifa of Lorca as one of kingdoms, first created in 1042. Its first governor was Man Ibn Sumadih, its power extending from the city to Jaén, during the Arab period it was known as Lurka and the old part of the town, made up of narrow streets and alley-ways, achieved its present shape under Moorish rule.
The main tower of the fortress of Lorca was named Torre Alfonsina in honour of the King, the city continued to grow, as in Arab times, and became the main town in an emerging rich agricultural region, although the border hindered economic development. During the late Middle Ages, Lorca was a border town. Lorca served as a base for launching raids into enemy territory, the Battle of Los Alporchones, took place here in 1452, during the reign of Juan II of Castile, who ten years earlier had granted the Lorca the title of ciudad. The Kingdom of Murcia took Granada in 1492, after the War of Granada and the Muslim threat disappeared, the city changed in appearance, carrying out a series of urban reforms and developing trade. The numerous public works to be carried out attracted labourers from elsewhere, among the new buildings include the Colegiata de San Patricio, erected in 1553, which is the religious centre of the city, as well as numerous convents of La Merced, Santo Domingo and San Francisco
Fútbol Club Jumilla is a Spanish football team based in Jumilla, in the autonomous community of Murcia. Founded in 1975 and reformed in 2011, it plays in Segunda División B – Group 4, on 1 June 2015, after finishing first in its group, Jumilla was promoted to Segunda División B after defeating FC Ascó in the play-offs. In June 2016, Jumilla was taken over by Chinese famous football commentators Li Xiang and Tang Hui together with Argentinian partner Rubén Iglesias. 2 season in Segunda División B3 seasons in Tercera División As of 12 October 2016 Note, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Chairman, Rubén Iglesias Vice-chairman, Li Xiang Director, Tang Hui Official website La Preferente team profile Soccerway team profile Club & stadium history Estadios de España
Kit (association football)
In association football, kit is the standard equipment and attire worn by players. The sports Laws of the Game specify the minimum kit which a player must use, footballers generally wear identifying numbers on the backs of their shirts. Professional clubs usually display players surnames or nicknames on their shirts, Football kit has evolved significantly since the early days of the sport when players typically wore thick cotton shirts and heavy rigid leather boots. The Laws of the Game set out the equipment which must be worn by all players in Law 4. Five separate items are specified, shorts, footwear, goalkeepers are allowed to wear tracksuit bottoms instead of shorts. While most players wear studded football boots, the Laws do not specify that these are required, shirts must have sleeves, and goalkeepers must wear shirts which are easily distinguishable from all other players and the match officials. Thermal undershorts may be worn, but must be the colour as the shorts themselves. Shin pads must be covered entirely by the stockings, be made of rubber, plastic or a similar material, and provide a reasonable degree of protection.
The only other restriction on equipment defined in the Laws of the Game is the requirement that a player must not use equipment or wear anything that is dangerous to himself or another player. In the event of a match between teams who would wear identical or similar colours the away team must change to a different colour. The England national team plays in red shirts even when it is not required. Many professional clubs have a kit, ostensibly to be used if both their first-choice and away colours are deemed too similar to those of an opponent. Most professional clubs have retained the basic colour scheme for several decades. Teams representing countries in international competition generally wear national colours in common with other sporting teams of the same nation, shirts are normally made of a polyester mesh, which does not trap the sweat and body heat in the same way as a shirt made of a natural fibre. Depending on local rules, there may be restrictions on how large these logos may be or on what logos may be displayed, competitions such as the Premier League may require players to wear patches on their sleeves depicting the logo of the competition.
The captain of team is usually required to wear an elasticated armband around the left sleeve to identify him as the captain to the referee. Most current players wear specialist football boots, which can be either of leather or a synthetic material. Modern boots are cut slightly below the ankles, as opposed to the high-ankled boots used in former times, studs may be either moulded directly to the sole or be detachable, normally by means of a screw thread
Region of Murcia
The Region of Murcia is an autonomous community of Spain located in the southeast of the state, between Andalusia and Valencian Community, on the Mediterranean coast. The autonomous community consists of a province, unlike most autonomous communities. Because of this, the community and the province are operated as one unit of government. The city of Murcia is the capital of the region and seat of government organs, except for the parliament, the Regional Assembly of Murcia, the autonomous community and province is subdivided into municipalities. The Region of Murcia is bordered by Andalusia, Castile–La Mancha, the Valencian Community, the community measures 11,313 km² and has a population of 1.4 million, of whom one-third live in the capital. The highest mountain is Los Obispos, the region is a major producer of fruits and flowers for the rest of Spain and Europe. Wineries have developed near the towns of Bullas and Jumilla, Murcia is mainly a warm region which has made it very suitable for agriculture.
The region is located in the part of the Cordilleras Béticas mountains. These mountain ranges are divided as well in the Prebética, Subbética and Penibética mountain ranges, approximately 27% of the Murcian territory can be described as mountainous, 38% as intramountainous depressions and running valleys, and the remaining 35% as flat lands and plateaux. The Region of Murcia enjoys a Mediterranean climate of semi-arid type, with mild winters, the average annual temperature is 18 °C. With little precipitation of about 300 to 350 mm per year and October are the months with the most precipitation, there being frequent heavy downpours in a single day. The city of Murcia holds the temperature of the 20th century in Spain. It reached 46.1 °C on July 4,1994, the winter of 2005 was the coldest in a long time, with snow even falling on the Murcian coast. The hydrographic network of the region is made up of the Segura river and its affluents, alhárabe and its affluent, the Benamor. Due to the water supplying incapacity of the Segura river basin, contributions to this basin are made, originated from the basin of the Tajo river.
The greatest natural lake of Spain can be found in the region and it is a salt water lagoon, adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea. Its special ecological and natural characteristics make the Mar Menor a unique natural place, with a semicircular shape, it is separated from the Mediterranean Sea by a sand strip 22 km in length and between 100 and 1200 m wide, known as La Manga del Mar Menor. The lagoon has been designated by the United Nations as a Specially Protected Zone of Importance for the Mediterranean and its coastal perimeter accounts for 73 km of coast in which beaches follow one another with crystal clear shallow water
MARCA is a Spanish national daily sport newspaper owned by Unidad Editorial. The newspaper focuses primarily on football, in particular the activities of Real Madrid, Atlético Madrid. It has a readership of over 2,500,000, the highest in Spain for a daily newspaper. Since February 2001 there has been an associated 24-hour/day sports radio station, in 2010 the TV channel MARCA TV was launched, before being closed in 2013. MARCA was founded on 21 December 1938, at the height of the Spanish Civil War and its first editor was Manuel Fernández Cuesta. On 3 September 1987 Luis Infante became the editor of the paper, punto Editorial SA was the owner of Marca. In 1984 Espacio Editorial, which would be called Recoletos, the company merged with Unedisa in 2007 to found Unidad Editorial which is the owner of Marca. The publisher of the paper is Unidad Editorial and the newspapers are El Mundo. MARCA is published in tabloid format, on 25 November 1942 it ceased being published as a weekly publication and has been published as a daily ever since.
The daily was awarded the World’s Best Designed Newspaper™ for 2004 by the Society for News Design, on 21 December 2007 MARCA hosted a gala event, featuring the leading Spanish sportsmen of the 20th century, to celebrate the newspapers 70th anniversary. The paper had been involved in a dispute with Sir Alex Ferguson since the summer of 2008 when he accused MARCA of being Real Madrids. In October 2012, MARCA announced launching the Spanish edition of the games media outlet IGN. MARCA planned to launch another Spanish edition of IGN for Spanish-speakers in Latin America, in 2001 MARCA had a circulation of 403,000 copies. Its circulation was 382,000 copies in 2003, making it the second best selling newspaper in the country. The following awards are awarded by MARCA at the end of each season, zarra - To the top goalscorer among Spanish nationals in La Liga as well as to the top goalscorer among Spanish nationals in Segunda División. Zamora - To the best goalkeeper in La Liga as well as to the best goalkeeper in Segunda División, miguel Muñoz - To the best head coach in La Liga as well as to the best head coach in Segunda División.
Guruceta - To the best referee in La Liga as well as to the best referee in Segunda División, di Stefano - To the best player in La Liga Deportiva. com Facebook Football Awards Carlos Toro. Official website Official English website Radio MARCA website MARCA TV
CF Lorca Deportiva
Lorca Deportiva Club de Fútbol, S. A. D. was a Spanish football club based in Lorca, in the autonomous community of Murcia. Founded in 2002 it was dissolved ten years later, and held home matches at Estadio Francisco Artés Carrasco, Lorca Deportiva was founded in 2002, right after the defunction of Lorca Club de Fútbol which had been born eight years earlier. The new club started in the division, and was promoted to the third level at the first attempt. As rookies in the tier, Lorca qualified for the play-offs after occupying the second place in the regular season. After Emerys departure, with many players leaving, Lorca was relegated the following campaign. In the middle of 2009, although it had just finished second in its group, economic issues led to another drop, for the 2010–11 season, the club was relocated to nearby Totana and renamed LD Olímpico. 2 seasons in Segunda División 4 seasons in Segunda División B2 seasons in Tercera División Official website Futbolme team profile
Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family whose large flowering head is eaten as a vegetable. The word broccoli comes from the Italian plural of broccolo, which means the flowering crest of a cabbage, Broccoli is often boiled or steamed but may be eaten raw. Broccoli is classified in the Italica cultivar group of the species Brassica oleracea, Broccoli has large flower heads, usually green in color, arranged in a tree-like structure branching out from a thick, edible stalk. The mass of heads is surrounded by leaves. Broccoli resembles cauliflower, which is a different cultivar group of the same species, Broccoli is a result of careful breeding of cultivated Brassica crops in the northern Mediterranean starting in about the 6th century BC. Since the time of the Roman Empire, broccoli has been considered a valuable food among Italians. Broccoli was brought to England from Antwerp in the century by Peter Scheemakers. Broccoli was first introduced to the United States by Southern Italian immigrants, there are three commonly grown types of broccoli.
The most familiar is Calabrese broccoli, often referred to simply as broccoli and it has large green heads and thick stalks. It is a cool season annual crop, sprouting broccoli has a larger number of heads with many thin stalks. Purple cauliflower is a type of broccoli sold in southern Italy, and it has a head shaped like cauliflower, but consisting of tiny flower buds. It sometimes, but not always, has a purple cast to the tips of the flower buds, other cultivar groups of Brassica oleracea include cabbage and Romanesco broccoli and collard greens, Brussels sprouts, and kai-lan. Rapini, sometimes called broccoli raab among other names, forms similar but smaller heads, broccolini or Tenderstem broccoli is a cross between broccoli and Chinese broccoli. Beneforté is a variety of broccoli containing 2–3 times more glucoraphanin that was produced by crossing broccoli with a wild Brassica variety, in 2013, global production of broccoli was 22.3 million tonnes, with China and India together accounting for 76% of the total.
Secondary producers, each having about 0.5 million tonnes annually, were Spain, Broccoli is a cool-weather crop that does poorly in hot summer weather. Broccoli grows best when exposed to a daily temperature between 18 and 23 °C. When the cluster of flowers, referred to as a head of broccoli, appear in the center of the plant, garden pruners or shears are used to cut the head about an inch from the tip. Broccoli should be harvested before the flowers on the head bloom bright yellow, spraying of bacillus thuringiensis can control caterpillar attacks, while a citronella vase may ward off whiteflies
Away colours are a choice of coloured clothing used in team sports. They are required to be worn by one team during a game between teams that would wear the same colours as each other, or similar colours. This change prevents confusion for officials and spectators, in most sports it is the visiting team that must change – second-choice kits are commonly known as away kits or change kits in British English, and road uniforms in American English. Some sports leagues mandate that teams must always wear an alternative kit. In some sports, conventionally the home team has changed its kit, in most cases, a team wears its away kit only when its primary kit would clash with the colours of the home team. However, sometimes teams wear away colours by choice, occasionally even in a home game, at some clubs, the away kit has become more popular than the home version. Replica home and away kits are available for fans to buy. Some teams have produced third-choice kits, or even old-fashioned throwback uniforms, in American sports, road teams usually wear a change uniform regardless of a potential colour clash.
Further, almost all road uniforms are white in American football, in the National Basketball Association, home uniforms are white or yellow, and visiting teams wear a darker colour. In the United States, color vs. color games are a rarity, most teams choose to wear their color jerseys at home, with the road team changing to white in most cases. White road uniforms gained prominence with the rise of television in the 1950s, a white vs. color game was easier to follow in black-and-white. According to Phil Hecken, until the mid 1950′s, not only was color versus color common in the NFL, even long after the advent of color television, the use of white jerseys has remained in almost every game. The NFLs current rules require that a home jerseys must be either white or official team color throughout the season. If a team insists on wearing its home uniforms on the road, the road team might instead wear a third jersey, such as the Seattle Seahawks Wolf Grey alternate. According to the Gridiron Uniform Database, the Cleveland Browns wore white for home game of the 1955 season.
The only times they wore brown was for games at Philadelphia and the New York Giants, in 1964 the Baltimore Colts, Browns and Rams wore white regularly for their home games according to Tim Brulias research. The St. Louis Cardinals wore white for several of their home games, until 1964 Dallas had worn blue at home, but it was not an official rule that teams should wear their colored jerseys at home. The use of white jerseys was instigated by general manager Tex Schramm, the Cowboys still wear white at home today