Thomas Bulkeley, 7th Viscount Bulkeley
Thomas James Bulkeley, 7th Viscount Bulkeley Warren-Bulkeley, was an English aristocrat and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1784 when he was raised to the peerage. Thomas James Bulkeley was the posthumous son and heir to James Bulkeley, 6th Viscount Bulkeley, who died aged 35 in 1752, he was educated as fellow commoner at Jesus College, before making the Grand Tour with the Marquess of Buckingham. Like several of his ancestors, Bulkeley became Member of Parliament for the county of Anglesey, returned in 1774 and 1780. In 1777 he married Elizabeth Harriot, only heir of Sir George Warren. Though he voted against Fox's East India Bill in 1783, he attended a 1784 meeting of the St. Alban's Tavern group of MPs interested in uniting Fox and Pitt. In May 1784 he was created an English peer, Baron Bulkeley, of Beaumaris and had to vacate his seat in the House of Commons. Bulkeley supported Pitt on the regency question in 1788, he spoke in the Lords on the election treating act in 1796.
He opposed the'Adultery bill' in 1800. In the 1806 impeachment trial of Viscount Melville, Bulkeley voted Melville guilty on the sixth and seventh charges. In 1802 Bulkeley changed his name by Royal Licence to Thomas James Warren-Bulkeley, he died without issue in 1822 in Englefield Green. His wife died in 1832. "Archival material relating to Thomas Bulkeley, 7th Viscount Bulkeley". UK National Archives
Hugh Cholmondeley, 1st Earl of Cholmondeley
Hugh Cholmondeley, 1st Earl of Cholmondeley, PC, styled The Honourable from birth until 1681 and known as Viscount Cholmondeley to 1706, was an English peer and politician. Cholmondeley was the eldest son of Robert Cholmondeley, 1st Viscount Cholmondeley, Elizabeth Cradock, was educated at Christ Church, Oxford. In 1681 he succeeded his father as second Viscount Cholmondeley, but as this was an Irish peerage it did not entitle him to a seat in the English House of Lords, he supported the claim of William and Mary to the English throne, after their accession in 1689 he was rewarded when he was made Baron Cholmondeley, of Namptwich in the County of Chester, in the Peerage of England. The peerage was created with remainder to his younger brother George. In 1706 he was admitted to the Privy Council and made Viscount Malpas, in the County of Chester, Earl of Cholmondeley, in the County of Chester, with similar remainder. Lord Cholmondeley was appointed Comptroller of the Household by Queen Anne in 1708.
He held this post only until October of the same year. He was stripped of this office in 1713 but restored when George I became king in 1714, he served as Lord Lieutenant of Anglesey, Denbighshire, Flintshire and Montgomeryshire from 1702 to 1713 and from 1714 to 1725 and of Cheshire between 1703 and 1713 and 1714 and 1725. Lord Cholmondeley died in January 1725, he never married and was succeeded in his titles by his younger brother George, elevated to the peerage in his own right as Baron Newborough. List of deserters from James II to William of Orange Stephen, Leslie, ed.. "Cholmondeley, Hugh". Dictionary of National Biography. 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990. Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages www.thepeerage.com
William Stanley, 9th Earl of Derby
William Richard George Stanley, 9th Earl of Derby, styled Lord Strange from 1655 to 1672, was an English peer and politician. Derby was the eldest son of Charles Stanley, 8th Earl of Derby, Dorotha Helena Kirkhoven, he succeeded his father in the earldom in 1672 and served as Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire from 1676 to 1687 and again from 1688 to 1701 and of Cheshire from 1676 to 1687. Lord Derby married Lady Elizabeth Butler, daughter of Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory, in 1673, his only son James Stanley, Lord Strange, predeceased him. On his death in November 1702 his junior title of Baron Strange fell into abeyance between his two daughters, he was succeeded in the earldom by 10th Earl of Derby. Lady Derby died in 1717. Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990, Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage
Thomas Assheton Smith (1752–1828)
Thomas Assheton Smith was an English landowner and all-round sportsman who played a major part in the development of the Welsh slate industry. Smith was the eldest son of Thomas Assheton of Mobberley in Cheshire, he added "Smith" to his surname when he inherited the Vaynol and Tidworth estates from his uncle, William Smith. He was High Sheriff of Caernarfonshire for 1774–75 and 1783–84 and High Sheriff of Anglesey for 1784–85, he was Member of Parliament for Caernarvonshire from 1774 to 1780 and MP for the English borough of Andover between 1797 and 1821. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Caernarvonshire from 1822 until his death. In 1806 he was able to get Parliament to pass an act enclosing the common land of Llanddeiniolen parish adding to his land holdings. In 1809 he took over control of slate quarrying on his estate, forming a company of four under his presidency; the company was dissolved and he took over sole control of the enterprise. By 1826 the Dinorwic Quarry was producing 20,000 tons of slate per year.
Assheton Smith developed Port Dinorwic as a port for the export of the slates. Thomas Assheton Smith was a keen sportsman and was noted for his involvement in cricket, he was a close friend of George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea and became one of cricket's main patrons following the establishment of Marylebone Cricket Club in 1787. Smith was not a good player, unlike his son, but is known to have taken part in 45 major matches between the 1787 and 1796 seasons. In the contemporary scorecards, he is shown as "A Smith, Esq." whereas his son was recorded as "T A Smith, Esq.". Assheton Smith married daughter of Watkin Wynn of Foelas, he died at Tidworth in 1828, the Vaynol estate was inherited by his namesake second son, Thomas Assheton Smith, a noted amateur cricketer and all-round sportsman. Dictionary of Welsh Biography Scores & Biographies by Arthur Haygarth CricketArchive
Edward Douglas-Pennant, 1st Baron Penrhyn
Edward Gordon Douglas-Pennant, 1st Baron Penrhyn, was a Scottish landowner in Wales, a Conservative Party politician. He played a major part in the development of the Welsh slate industry. Born Edward Gordon Douglas, he was the younger son of the Hon. John Douglas and his wife Lady Frances; the 14th Earl of Morton was his paternal grandfather and The 17th Earl of Morton was his elder brother. He inherited the Penrhyn Estate near Bangor in north-west Wales through his wife's father, George Hay Dawkins-Pennant, changed his name to Douglas-Pennant by Royal licence in 1841. Lord Penrhyn was the owner of the Penrhyn Quarry near Bethesda, which under his ownership developed into one of the two largest slate quarries in the world, he was involved in politics and sat as Member of Parliament for Caernarvonshire between 1841 and 1866. He held the honorary post of Lord Lieutenant of Caernarvonshire. In 1866 he was raised to the peerage of Llandegai in the County of Carnarvon; the village of Llandygai was developed by Lord Penrhyn as a ‘model village’ for his estate workers, in which ‘no corrupting alehouse’ was permitted.
The village lies outside of the walls of the Penrhyn Castle demesne walls, with the entrance to the village being some 100m from the castle's Grand Lodge. Lord Penrhyn died in 1886, aged 85. Lord Penrhyn married, Juliana Isabella Mary, daughter of George Hay Dawkins-Pennant, in 1833, they had three daughters. After her death in 1842 he married, Maria Louisa, daughter of Henry FitzRoy, 5th Duke of Grafton, in 1846, they had eight daughters. He was succeeded in the barony by George. Dictionary of Welsh Biography Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990. Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Leigh Rayment's Historical List of Darryl. "FAQ". Www.thepeerage.com. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Edward Douglas-Pennant
Peter Drummond-Burrell, 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Peter Robert Drummond-Burrell, 2nd Baron Gwydyr, 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby PC, was a British nobleman. He was the son of Peter Burrell, 1st Baron Gwydyr, Priscilla Bertie, 21st Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. From 1812 until 1820, he was Member of Parliament for Boston in Lincolnshire. Up to the 1832 Reform Act Drummond-Burrell was a Whig, but by 1841 had changed his allegiance to the Tories. On 29 June 1820, he succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Gwydyr, 3rd Baronet Burell of Knipp and Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain. On 29 December 1828, he succeeded his mother as 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby and joint hereditary Lord Great Chamberlain. On 19 October 1807, he married Sarah Clementina Drummond, daughter of James Drummond, 11th Earl of Perth, Clementina Elphinstone, they had five children: Clementina Drummond-Willoughby, 24th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby — had issue. His wife died on 26 January 1865, he died less than a month on 22 February 1865. They are buried side by side in the churchyard of St Michael and All Angels, Lincolnshire.
The canopied tomb of their second daughter, Elizabeth Susan is adjacent, those of their son Albyric and grandson Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 1st Earl of Ancaster, are nearby. All five tombs are Grade II listed, some jointly. Gwydyr Mansions in Hove, East Sussex, were named after him in honour of his friendship with the Goldsmid family, upon whose land the development was built in 1890; the Gwydir River in New South Wales was named for him by the explorer Allan Cunningham, for whom he was a patron
Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury
Sir Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, 12th Earl of Shrewsbury, 12th Earl of Waterford, KG, PC was an English politician, part of the Immortal Seven group that invited William III, Prince of Orange to depose James II of England as monarch during the Glorious Revolution. He was appointed to several minor roles before the revolution, but came to prominence as a member of William's government. Born to Roman Catholic parents, he remained in that faith until 1679 when—during the time of the Popish Plot and following the advice of the divine John Tillotson—he converted to the Church of England. Shrewsbury took his seat in the House of Lords in 1680 and three years was appointed Gentleman-Extraordinary of the Bedchamber, suggesting he was in favour at the court of Charles II. With the accession in 1685 of James II Shrewsbury was appointed a captain in order to defeat the Monmouth rebellion, although he resigned his commission in 1687 after refusing to bow to pressure from James to convert back to the Catholic faith.
Making contact with William of Orange, Shrewsbury's home became a meeting place for the opposition to James II and Shrewsbury was one of seven English statesmen to sign the invitation to William to invade England in June 1688. In September he returned with William to England in November. Shrewsbury was influential in the making of the Revolution Settlement, arguing in favour of recognising William and Mary as sovereigns. However, in 1690 Shrewsbury resigned from William's government due to ill-health and opposition to the dissolution of Parliament and the dropping of the Bill that would have required an oath abjuring James as King. In opposition, Shrewsbury contacted the exiled Stuart court in France as a prelude to a Stuart restoration. However, in 1694 Shrewsbury returned to government and was prominent in persuading the House of Commons to vote for the funds needed for William's war against France. Ill-health led to his resignation in 1698 but he returned to the government in 1699 until resigning again in 1700.
From 1700 until 1705, Shrewsbury was in self-imposed exile abroad, visiting France, Switzerland and marrying Countess Adelhida Paleotti. Upon his return to England, Shrewsbury concentrated on the construction of Heythrop Park. In April 1710 Shrewsbury return to government and was an early supporter of the Tory efforts to negotiate peace with France to end the War of the Spanish Succession, concerned at the negative financial impact it was having on landowners; however he was uncomfortable with peace negotiations that left out the Dutch. In November 1712 he was appointed ambassador to France and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, returning to England in June 1714. In July Shrewsbury was appointed Lord Treasurer but in August Queen Anne died and George I succeeded her; the new Whig regime opposed Shrewsbury remaining in government and by 1715 he had lost all his governmental offices, although until his death he remained George's Groom of the Stole. Shrewsbury opposed the Whigs' attack on the previous Tory ministers and opposed their other policies in the Lords, making contact with the Stuart Pretender and sending him money.
He died of inflammation of the lungs in 1718. He was the only son of the 11th Earl of Shrewsbury and his second wife Anna Maria Brudenell, a daughter of 2nd Earl of Cardigan, it has been argued. Talbot was a godson of King Charles II, after whom he was named, he was brought up as a Roman Catholic, but after the scandal of his father's death he was placed in the care of Protestant relatives, in 1679 under the influence of John Tillotson he became a member of the Church of England. On his father's death he succeeded to the Earldom of Shrewsbury, received an appointment in the household of Charles II, served in the army under James II. Nonetheless, in 1687 he was in correspondence with the Prince of Orange, he was one of the seven signatories of the letter of invitation to William in the following year, he contributed towards defraying the expenses of the projected invasion, having crossed to Holland to join William, he landed with him in England in November 1688 during the Glorious Revolution.
Shrewsbury became Secretary of State for the Southern Department in the first administration of William and Mary, succeeding his uncle the Earl of Middleton, but he resigned from office in 1690, when the Tories gained the upper hand in parliament. While in opposition he brought forward the Triennial Bill, to which the King refused assent. In 1694 he again became Secretary of State. Others aver that Shrewsbury himself was unaware of the King's knowledge and toleration, which would explain the terrified letters he was in the habit of penning to him; however this may be, William affected to have no suspicion of Shrewsbury's loyalty, although presented with evidence against him. On 30 April 1694 Shrewsbury was created Marquess of Alton and Duke of Shrewsbury, he acted as one of the regents during the King's absence from England in the two following years. In 1696 definite accusations of treason were brought against him by Sir John Fenwick, which William communicated to Shrewsbury, his p