Wilbraham Egerton, 1st Earl Egerton
Wilbraham Egerton, 1st Earl Egerton was an English Conservative Party politician from the Egerton family. He sat in the House of Commons from 1858 to 1883 when he inherited his peerage and was elevated to the House of Lords. Egerton was the son of the 1st Baron Egerton and his wife Lady Charlotte Loftus eldest daughter of the Marquis of Ely, he was educated at Christ Church, Oxford. He was a Justice of a captain in the Earl of Chester's Yeomanry Cavalry. In 1858 Egerton was elected Member of Parliament for North Cheshire and held the seat until it was reorganised in 1868, he was elected MP for Mid Cheshire and held the seat until 1883, when he succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Egerton. He was the second Chairman of the Manchester Ship Canal from 1887 to 1894. In 1897, he was created Earl Egerton, he died at the age of 77. Egerton was chairman of the Church Defence Institution, an Ecclesiastical Commissioner. Egerton married Lady Mary Amherst, the only daughter of the 2nd Earl Amherst on 15 October 1857.
They had one child, Lady Gertrude Lucia Egerton, who married the future 8th Earl of Albemarle. His first wife died in 1892 and on 8 August 1894, Lord Egerton married Alice Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, the widow of the 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Wilbraham Egerton
Sir Edward Thomas Davenant Cotton-Jodrell, known until 1890 as Edward Thomas Davenant Cotton, was a British army officer and Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1900. Cotton-Jodrell was the son of Rt. Rev. George Edward Lynch Cotton and his wife Sophia Ann Tomkinson and baptised with the name of Edward Thomas Davenant Cotton, his father was a master at Rugby School and Bishop of Calcutta. Cotton was educated at Marlborough College and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, he became captain. With the Cheshire Royal Engineers he attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. Cotton was elected at the Member of Parliament for Wirral at the 1885 general election and held the seat until he stood down at the 1900 general election. On 10 July 1890 his name was changed to Edward Thomas Davenant Cotton-Jodrell by Royal Licence. Cotton-Jodrell was J. P. for Cheshire, was appointed Deputy Lieutenant of the county in 1901. He was on the Headquarters Staff of the War Office from 1906 to 1912 and became Colonel in the Territorial Forces.
He was invested as a Knight Commander, Order of the Bath. in the 1911 Coronation Honours. Cotton-Jodrell had residences at Yeardsley and Reaseheath, Cheshire, at Shallcross, Cheshire, he died at the age of 70. Cotton-Jodrell married Mary Rennell Coleridge, daughter of William Rennell Coleridge and Katherine Frances Barton, on 24 April 1878 and had two surviving daughters. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Edward Cotton-Jodrell
William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby
William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby, KG was an English nobleman and politician. Stanley inherited a prominent social position, both dangerous and unstable, as his mother was heir to Queen Elizabeth I under the Third Succession Act, a position inherited in 1596 by his deceased brother's oldest daughter, two years after William had inherited the Earldom from his brother. After a period of European travel in his youth, a long legal battle consolidated his social position, he was careful to remain circumspect in national politics, devoting himself to administration and cultural projects, including playwriting. His own literary works are lost or unidentified, but in the 1890s he was put forward as one of the contenders to be the true author of the works of William Shakespeare, according to some proponents of the Shakespeare authorship question. William Stanley was a younger son of Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby, by his marriage to Lady Margaret Clifford, his maternal grandparents were Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland, Lady Eleanor Brandon.
Eleanor was the third child of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, of Mary Tudor. Mary was the fifth child of Henry VII of Elizabeth of York, his mother was the heiress presumptive of Queen Elizabeth from 1578 until her own death in 1596. After this, Anne Stanley, the daughter of his older brother Ferdinando, became the heir to the throne. Stanley was educated at Oxford. In 1582 he travelled to the continent to study in university towns in France and may have attended Henry of Navarre's academy at Nérac. In 1585 he returned home but was once more sent to Paris as part of an embassy to Henry III of France, he remained on the continent for a further three years of personal travels before returning home once more. He may have been accompanied on his travels by the young John Donne. During his travels, William Stanley is said to have led an adventurous existence, being involved in duels and love affairs and travelling in disguise as a friar while in Italy, he is supposed to have visited Egypt, where he fought and killed a tiger going on to Anatolia, where it is claimed he narrowly escaped being executed for insulting the prophet Mohammed.
According to the story, he turned her down, travelling on to Moscow and to Greenland, from where he returned to Europe in a whaling ship. These colourful adventures are traceable to a popular ballad entitled Sir William Stanley's Garland, which exaggerates his three years away from England to "twenty one years travels through most parts of the world"; this was recorded in 1800 and its contents published in 1801. There is no extant documentary evidence for these supposed adventures, but the stories were repeated in 19th-century biographies of the sixth Earl. After the death of his father in 1593, his elder brother Ferdinando Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby, inherited the Earldom and its estates, but he died a few months in April 1594, leaving three daughters but no sons. Ferdinando's daughters claimed their father's estates, while William inherited the titles of Earl of Derby and Baron Strange. A further complexity was that Ferdinando's eldest daughter Anne Stanley, Countess of Castlehaven, became the heir presumptive to Elizabeth's throne in 1596 on the death of her grandmother.
A complex legal dispute followed. This led to a judgement that the Isle of Man, a possession of the 5th Earl, was forfeit to the Queen. However, the Queen ceded her right to it in recognition of the Stanley family's services. Stanley was granted Lathom and Knowsley, with other lands and estates in Lancashire, Yorkshire, Cheshire and elsewhere, while Ferdinando's daughters received estates linked to baronies and the Isle of Man, but they sold it to their uncle, the 6th Earl, his title to it was confirmed by James I. While retaining the title of Lord of Mann, Derby passed the administration of the Isle of Man to his niece, Anne Stanley. In 1612 he transferred the title to Elizabeth. Derby's assumption of the barony of Strange was not contested in his lifetime, but after his death it was determined to have been incorrect, a new creation of the barony was given to his son; the Stanley family, as the lawful heirs to the throne of England through Henry VIII's sister Mary Tudor, were suspected of Roman Catholic sympathies.
There were many rumours surrounding the untimely death of Ferdinando Derby, approached to lead an attempt to overthrow Queen Elizabeth, but had remained loyal to her. Due to the sudden and violent nature of his final illness, poisoning was suspected; because of the potential for military rebellion in alliance with Irish Roman Catholics, the 6th Earl was expressly forbidden by the Queen to take part in the Earl of Essex's campaign in Ireland. He therefore limited his involvement with national politics, devoting himself to the management of his estates and his dominant position in local administration in Lancashire and Cheshire. In 1603 he became a member of the Privy Council of England. Queen Elizabeth granted Derby the Order of the Garter, while James VI and I appointed him Lord Chamberlain of Chester. A few years after the death of his wife, when Derby was "old and infirm, desirous of withdrawing himself from the hurry and fatigue of life" he assigned his estates to his son James, retaining an annuity of £1,000.
He bought a house by the River Dee just outside Chester, where he lived in retirement until his death on 29 September 1642. Derby is one of several individuals who have been claimed by proponents of the Shakespearean authorship question to be the true author of William Sh
William Herbert, 1st Marquess of Powis
William Herbert, 1st Marquess of Powis, PC was an English nobleman, best remembered for his suffering during the Popish Plot. He was daughter of Sir William Craven, he succeeded his father, the 2nd Baron Powis, as 3rd Baron Powis in 1667, was created Earl of Powis in 1674 by King Charles II and Viscount Montgomery, of the Town of Montgomery, Marquess of Powis in 1687 by King James II, having been appointed to the Privy Council in 1686. He married in July 1654, Lady Elizabeth Somerset, daughter of Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquess of Worcester, by whom he had six children, a son and heir and six daughters, one of whom, married William Maxwell, 5th Earl of Nithsdale, condemned to death for high treason for participating in the Jacobite rising of 1715. Lady Nithsdale famously organised her husband's escape from the Tower of London. A cousin of the 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, Powis was, together with his wife, one of the leaders of the Roman Catholic party, he was one of the "Five Catholic Lords" falsely accused by Titus Oates in the Popish Plot of conspiring to kill the King and as a result spent six years in the Tower of London awaiting trial.
Powis was freed in 1684. He remained faithful to the deposed King James after the Glorious Revolution of 1688, it was he who spirited away Queen Mary and the infant James, Prince of Wales, took them into their French exile. As a reward, he was created "Duke of Powis" and "Marquess of Montgomery" in the Jacobite Peerage by King James. In 1690, Powis landed in Ireland with James. James made him Lord Chamberlain, he remained in Ireland until the king's flight back to France after the Battle of the Boyne, settled again at the exiled Jacobite Court at St Germain. Powis was a prominent figure in the Jacobite Court, serving as Lord Steward and Lord Chamberlain of the household, but he seems to have been rather marginal in the king's counsels, his wife continued as Principal Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Mary of Modena and Royal Governess to James, Prince of Wales until her death on 11 March 1691. James made Powis a Knight of the Garter in April 1692. Others exercised more influence at Court as Powis struggled to maintain the dignity of a royal household on an insufficient income.
Having lost estates valued at £10,000 a year, he had given up more than most for the Jacobite cause. He died, aged about seventy, on 2 June 1696, after a riding accident in St Germain, was buried there the next day, he was succeeded by his only son William Herbert, Viscount Montgomery, as second Marquess of Powis and, jailed in the Tower as a Jacobite and fought a long battle in the courts to retain some of his property, resulting in the restoration of his family's estates. He was relieved of the attainder placed on his father and was restored to the forfeited peerages in the rank of marquess in 1722. Powis married Lady Elizabeth Somerset, daughter of Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquess of Worcester, in July 1654, they had six children: "Herbert, William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900
Thomas Legh, 2nd Baron Newton
Thomas Wodehouse Legh, 2nd Baron Newton PC, DL, was a British diplomat and Conservative politician who served as Paymaster-General during the First World War. Newton was the son of William Legh, 1st Baron Newton, Emily Jane Wodehouse, daughter of the Venerable Charles Nourse Wodehouse, Archdeacon of Norwich; the Legh family had been landowners in Cheshire for centuries. Newton was educated at Oxford. In 1879 he entered the Diplomatic Service and served as an Attaché at the British Embassy in Paris from 1881 to 1886; the latter year he was elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament for his home constituency of Newton, a seat he held until 1898, when he succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Newton and took his seat in the House of Lords. He was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Cheshire on 23 February 1901. In 1915 Prime Minister H. H. Asquith appointed him Paymaster-General, with special responsibility for representing the War Office in Parliament when the Secretary of State for War was unable to attend.
The same year he was admitted to the Privy Council. In 1916 Lord Newton became Assistant Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, was put in charge of two departments at the Foreign Office, one dealing with foreign propaganda and the other with prisoners of war. In October 1916 he was appointed Controller of the newly established Prisoner of War Department, in this position he negotiated the release of thousands of British prisoners of war. Lord Newton was appointed a deputy lieutenant for Cheshire in February 1901, he served as an officer in the Lancashire Hussars Imperial Yeomanry, was promoted to the substantive rank of major on 1 July 1901, before he resigned with the honorary rank of lieutenant-colonel in October 1902. Lord Newton was the author of two biographies, one on Richard Lyons, 1st Viscount Lyons, published in 1913, the other on Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, published in 1929. In 1941 he published his memoirs, entitled Retrospection. Lord Newton married Evelyn Caroline Davenport, daughter of William Bromley-Davenport, in 1880.
They had two sons and three daughters. His younger son Sir Piers Legh served as Master of the Household from 1941 to 1953. Lady Newton died in September 1931. Lord Newton survived her by eleven years and died in March, 1942, aged 85, he was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Richard Legh. The latter's son, Peter Legh, 4th Baron Newton, was a Conservative politician and government minister. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Thomas Legh Works by Thomas Wodehouse Legh at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Thomas Legh, 2nd Baron Newton at Internet Archive
George Cholmondeley, 1st Marquess of Cholmondeley
George James Cholmondeley, 1st Marquess of Cholmondeley, styled Viscount Malpas between 1764 and 1770 and known as The Earl of Cholmondeley between 1770 and 1815, was a British peer and politician. Cholmondeley was the son of George Cholmondeley, Viscount Malpas, Hester Edwardes. George Cholmondeley, 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley, was his grandfather, he was a direct descendant of the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. He was educated at Eton. In January 1776, Cholmondeley began an affair with the noted beauty Grace Dalrymple Elliot taking her up during a Pantheon masquerade ball. Grace was separated from her husband, Dr. John Eliot, to divorce her several months later; this liaison lasted for three years. In 1770 he entered the House of Lords. In April 1783, Cholmondeley was admitted to the Privy Council and appointed Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard in the government of the Duke of Portland, a post he held until December the same year, he remained out of office for the next 29 years, but in 1812 he was made Lord Steward of the Household in Spencer Perceval's Tory administration.
He continued in the post after Lord Liverpool became Prime Minister after Perceval's assassination in May 1812, holding it until 1821. In 1815, Cholmondeley was created Earl of Rocksavage, in the County of Chester, Marquess of Cholmondeley, he was further honoured when he was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order in 1819 and a Knight of the Garter in 1822. Apart from his political career, he was Lord-Lieutenant of Cheshire from 1770 to 1783 and Vice-Admiral of Cheshire from 1770 to 1827. Lord Cholmondeley married Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, daughter of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, on 25 April 1791. Through this marriage the ancient hereditary office of Lord Great Chamberlain came into the Cholmondeley family, he inherited Houghton Hall in Norfolk from his great-uncle Horace Walpole in 1797 but preferred to live at Cholmondeley Castle in Cheshire, rebuilt in 1801-04 to his design. According to the betting book for Brooks's, a London gentlemen's club, Cholmondeley once wagered two guineas to Ld.
Derby, to receive 500 guineas upon having sexual intercourse with a woman "in a balloon one thousand yards from the Earth." It is unknown whether the bet was finalised. Lord Cholmondeley died at age 77 in April 1827, he was succeeded in his lands and titles by his eldest son George. Lady Cholmondeley died in 1838. Debrett, Charles Kidd, David Williamson.. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-38847-1 Lodge, Edmund.. The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire as at Present Existing. London: Hurst and Blackett. OCLC 17221260 Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Marquess of Cholmondeley Houghton Hall Cholmondeley Castle Metropolitan Museum of ArtOil painting of Mrs. Grace Dalrymple Elliott by Thomas Gainsborough, "apparently commissioned by her lover, the first Marquess of Cholmondeley, was exhibited at the Academy in 1778."
William Bromley-Davenport (British Army officer)
Brigadier-General Sir William Bromley-Davenport, was a British soldier and Conservative politician. He fought with distinction in both the First World War. An MP from 1886 to 1906, he held political office under Arthur Balfour as Financial Secretary to the War Office from 1903 to 1905. Bromley-Davenport was the son of William Bromley Davenport and his wife Augusta Elizabeth Campbell, daughter of Walter Campbell, of Islay, he was educated at Oxford. Bromley-Davenport played football for Old Etonians, he represented England against Scotland and Wales respectively. A centre-forward, he scored two goals in the game against Wales. Bromley-Davenport was elected Member of Parliament for Macclesfield in the July 1886 general election, he was appointed a captain in the Staffordshire Yeomanry on 30 December 1891, received the honorary rank of major on 28 February 1900. While an MP, he fought in the Second Boer War with the Imperial Yeomanry, where he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in November 1900.
At the end of 1901, he was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Cheshire. He served in the Conservative administration of Arthur Balfour as Financial Secretary to the War Office from 1903 to 1905 and was a Civil Member of the Army Council from 1904 to 1905. However, he lost his seat in the House of Commons in the 1906 Liberal landslide. During the First World War Bromley-Davenport commanded the 22nd Mounted Brigade of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force with the rank of Brigadier-General from 1916 to 1917, he was Assistant Director of Labour from 1917 to 1918. Between 1920 and 1949 he held the honorary post of Lord-Lieutenant of Cheshire, he was made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1918, a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1919 and a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1924. Bromley-Davenport's seat was Cheshire, he died unmarried in February 1949, aged 87. He still is patron of Poynton Show, a Horticultural and Agricultural show in Poynton, which still to this day takes place in the Saturday of the August Bank Holiday.
Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir William Bromley-Davenport