Francis Mildmay, 1st Baron Mildmay of Flete
Francis Bingham Mildmay, 1st Baron Mildmay of Flete, TD, DL was a Liberal and a Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 until 1922 when he was raised to the peerage. Mildmay was his wife, Georgiana Frances, he was educated at Cambridge. He became a partner in the firm of Baring Brothers. At the 1885 general election, Mildmay was elected Liberal Member of Parliament for the Totnes division of Devon, he was one of the Liberal Unionists who combined to oppose the Home Rule Bill in 1885, was returned in subsequent parliaments as a Liberal Unionist, from 1912 as a Conservative. He held the seat for 37 years until he retired from the Commons at the 1922 general election and was ennobled. Mildmay held a commission in the West Kent Yeomanry, a cavalry Yeomanry regiment, where he was first lieutenant, promoted to captain on 17 May 1893, to major on 20 March 1901, he saw active service in the Second Boer War when he volunteered for the Imperial Yeomanry, where he was appointed a lieutenant in the 11th battalion on 10 February 1900, leaving Liverpool for South Africa on the SS Cymric in March 1900.
After the war had ended, he returned to a commission in the West Kent Yeomanry in August 1902. He served in World War I between 1914 and 1918. At one stage he was divisional interpreter of General Sir Thomas D'Oyly Snow, who referred to him with affection and some wonderment at his tireless work and bravery in doing his duty at the Second Battle of Ypres. Mildmay was found to be carrying messages across the battlefield. Snow described him as a colourful and brave chap and recommended him for a decoration more than once though he never got one apart from the Territorial Decoration. Mildmay was created Baron Mildmay of Flete, of Totnes in the County of Devon, on the 20 November 1922 and was a member of the Committee for Review of Political Honours Commission between 1923 and 1924. Appointed a deputy lieutenant of Devon on 31 March 1913, he became Lord-Lieutenant of Devon in 1928, he lived at Flete House, a mansion near Plymouth built by his father which remodelled and extended the original house of the Elizabethan era.
He was an extensive breeder and exhibitor of South Devon Cattle and was President of the Royal Agricultural Society of England in 1932 and from 1941-43. He was a member and treasurer of the Medical Research Council and a director of the Great Western Railway, who named'Bulldog' class locomotive 3417 after him. Mildmay married Alice O. St. J. Grenfell, daughter of Charles Seymour Grenfell, in 1906, they had two children: a son, a daughter. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Francis Mildmay
Castle Hill, Filleigh
Castle Hill in the parish of Filleigh in North Devon, is an early Palladian country house situated 3 miles north-west of South Molton and 8 miles south-east of Barnstaple. It was built in 1730 by Hugh Fortescue, 14th Baron Clinton, created in 1751 1st Baron Fortescue and 1st Earl of Clinton, the son of Hugh Fortescue, lord of the manor of Filleigh, Weare Giffard, etc. whose family is earliest recorded as residing in the 12th century at the manor of Whympston in the parish of Modbury in South Devon. The Fortescue family became major land owners, influential in British and West Country history. Castle Hill is a rare example in Devon of an 18th-century country mansion "on the grand scale"; the house was reconstructed following a disastrous fire in 1934. It was designated a Grade II* listed building in 1967; the park and gardens are Grade I listed in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. Today the property is leased by Eleanor, Countess of Arran, the grand-daughter of Hugh Fortescue, 5th Earl Fortescue.
The manor of Filleigh has been held by the Fortescue family since the 15th century, although the family's main seat until the late 17th century was Weare Giffard, some 12 miles to the west. An older late Tudor manor house on the site was re-modelled in 1684 by Arthur Fortescue and his son Hugh Fortescue. A plaque to the left of the north entrance front of the main range is inscribed in Latin: Re-Edificat Per Arthur Fortescue AR AD 1684. Hugh Fortescue, who in 1721 inherited the title 14th Baron Clinton, via his mother, consulted Lord Burlington, the pioneer and arbiter of Palladianism in England, on the design of his proposed new mansion. In 1728/9 he appointed Burlington's favoured builder Roger Morris to reface the house in Portland stone; the former hall was remodelled as a double-height saloon. A circular library was added in the early 19th century. In 1841 the architect Edward Blore added a porte-cochere on the north side of the main range, now demolished and replaced in 1974 by an entrance porch to the design of Raymond Erith.
Blore refashioned the entrance hall and stairs and added a top storey with mansard roof. In 1861 Blore added at the east side of the house service wings and stables, thus elongating the southern appearance of the building beyond the east wing; the service wing is set back from the east wing by the width of the entry road which passes directly in front of it, is topped in its centre by a clock tower. Adjoining it on its east end and extending backwards to give the ensemble an L-shape, is Blore's stable block; this has small circular windows with portrait busts, is pierced on its long eastern face by the imposing full height main entrance arch, through which vehicles pass and continue past the front of the service wing and through decorative inner gates into the courtyard situated between the north facade of the main range and the steep and rocky hillside. A major fire burned for two days, it killed two members of staff, the housekeeper and a maid. The 5th Earl had installed a central heating system, the boiler of which, situated underneath the library floor, had malfunctioned.
After the fire the house was restored to the 18th-century style by Lord Gerald Wellesley, soldier and architect, with Trenwith Wills. Although 49 paintings, including many Fortescue family portraits, were saved from the fire with only minor smoke damage, all were shortly afterwards destroyed by fire when the delivery lorry returning them from the restorer caught fire whilst parked overnight in a garage pending their return to Castle Hill; the house is surrounded by landscaped grounds containing many picturesque structures and decorative points-de-vue. The former include three small classical-style Greek temples, the Sunrise Temple, the Sunset Temple and Satyr's Temple; the ancient parish church situated next to the former pre-Palladian manor house was demolished in 1732 by Lord Clinton with the licence of Stephen Weston, Bishop of Exeter, was rebuilt to a new design in its present position some one mile to the west of the house, visible from the terrace. This made available an unencumbered site for the planned landscaping.
Other points-de-vue include the Sham Castle, the Triumphal Arch, the Ebrington Tower and the Sham Village. A sham castle dating from about 1746, occupies the hill behind the house to the north inspired by Vanbrugh, is said to be the feature which gave the house its name; when Lord Lieutenant of Devon, Hugh Fortescue, 4th Earl Fortescue flew the Fortescue standard from the castle, noted in his diary that his ancestor Matthew Fortescue, 2nd Baron Fortescue had "armed" it, as a modern reference to which in 1991 Lady Margaret Fortescue installed the decorative cannon now present on its south lawn. It served for a while as a banqueting hall, at which time it was lined with oak panelling from nearby North Aller House, which in 1812 was moved on to Weare Giffard Hall; the building was converted into a dwelling house intended for a couple to tend the tame pheasants, lived in by the huntsman of the Fortescue Harriers, Abraham Moggeridge. From the castle can be seen to the west Lundy Island and at a closer distance, Bampfylde Clump to the n
Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle
Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle was an English soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1667 to 1670 when he inherited the Dukedom and sat in the House of Lords. Monck was the son and heir of George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle by his wife Anne Clarges, a daughter of John Clarges, "Farrier in the Savoy", of Drury Lane, Westminster. Anne's brother was Sir Thomas Clarges, MP, who assisted his brother-in-law before his elevation to the dukedom, General George Monck, in bringing about the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660, she was the presumed widow of Thomas Radford, milliner, of New Exchange, Westminster, although it was said that her husband was still alive when her son was born. This left a question concerning Monck's legitimacy. Monck was educated and entered Gray's Inn in 1662. From 1660 until his father's death ten years in 1670, he was known by the courtesy title of Earl of Torrington, one of his father's subsidiary titles. At the age of 13, Monck entered politics, having been elected Member of Parliament for Devon in January 1667.
In 1670 he was elevated to the peerage and thus entered the House of Lords, following the death of his father, thereby inherited his father's peerage titles. He became a Gentleman of the Bedchamber and inherited his father's great feudal title, Lord of Bowland, he was created a Knight of the Garter, a Privy Councillor and in 1675 Lord Lieutenant of Devon, in which latter role he served for ten years. He became a titular colonel of several horse regiments of the English Army. In 1673 he raised a regiment as part of the Blackheath Army under Marshal Schomberg, it was intended for service in the Dutch Republic, but was disbanded following the Treaty of Westminster before seeing any action. From 1682 until his death, Monck was Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. In 1685 he resigned the Lord Lieutenancy of Devon to fight against the Monmouth Rebellion, but was unsuccessful as a military leader. In 1686, Monck was a major investor in a treasure-seeking expedition headed by William Phips, who had located the wreck of the Spanish treasure ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción in February 1687.
Phips returned to London with more than £200,000 worth of treasure, of which Monck received a 25 percent share. After serving in a few more minor positions, in 1687, Monck was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica. On 6 January 1681, Monck arranged a boxing match between his butcher; this was the first recorded boxing match in England. The butcher won the match, his Devonshire seat was Potheridge, 3 miles south-east of Great Torrington, a grand mansion re-built by his father circa 1660 on the site of the former manor house occupied by his family since at the latest 1287. It was demolished after the death of the 2nd duchess in 1734 and the surviving section forms the present Great Potheridge farmhouse, inside which however some remnants of the former mansion remain, including two massive 17th-century classical-style doorcases, a colossal overmantel with carved putti and trophies, a grand staircase. In 1675 Monck purchased for £26,000 the grand London townhouse Clarendon House from the heirs of its builder, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon.
In 1683 he resold it to a consortium of investors led by Sir Thomas Bond, who demolished it and built on its site Albemarle Street, Bond Street and Dover Street. At the royal palace of Whitehall in London on 30 December 1669, shortly before his father's death, Monck married Lady Elizabeth Cavendish, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle, she gave birth to a son who died soon after his birth, Monck left no further surviving children. In 1692 his widow remarried to 1st Duke of Montagu, she was buried in Westminster Abbey on 11 September 1734. Monck died in Jamaica on 6 October 1688, age 35, he was buried in Westminster Abbey on 4 July 1689. As the Duke left no children, all his titles became extinct on his death. 1660 – 3 January 1670: Christopher Monck, Earl of Torrington 3 January 1670 – 6 October 1688: Christopher Monck, Duke of Albemarle
John Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Bath
Sir John Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Bath, PC was an Earl in the peerage of England. He succeeded to the titles of 12th Baron FitzWarin, Baron Daubeney and 4th Count of Eu, he was the son of 1st Earl of Bath and Cecily Daubeney. Bourchier was himself descended from royalty, his father was the 3rd great grandson of Thomas of Woodstock, youngest son of Edward III. A more contemporary relation was Anne Stanhope, she was the daughter of the 1st Earl of Elizabeth Bourchier. Upon her marriage to Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, she became the sister-in-law to Queen Jane Seymour and therefore the Aunt of King Edward VI. After the death of Henry VIII, his widow, Catherine Parr, married Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley; this made Anne the sister-in-law to two English queens. She was Bourchier's first cousin. In 1519 he was appointed Sheriff of Somerset and Sheriff of Dorset and was knighted in 1523. On the death of King Edward VI, he was one of the first to declare Queen Mary his rightful heir.
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor in 1533, served as a Commissioner at the coronation of Queen Mary. Bourchier was a commissioner at the trial of Lady Jane Grey. Other offices held by him included: Lord-Lieutenant of Cornwall, Lord-Lieutenant of Devon, Lord-Lieutenant of Dorset and Governor of Beaumaris Castle. In 1539 he was granted by King Henry VIII the manors of Hackpen, Sheldon and Saint Hill, having inherited the feudal barony of Okehampton from his grandmother, Elizabeth Dynham. John Bourchier married three times: Firstly to Elizabeth Hungerford, daughter of Sir Walter Hungerford, of Farleigh, younger son of Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford. By Elizabeth he had one daughter: Elizabeth Bourchier Secondly to Eleanor Manners, daughter of George Manners, 11th Baron de Ros by his wife Anne St. Leger. By Eleanor he had children including: Lord FitzWarin, who predeceased his father, he married his step-sister Frances Kitson, the daughter of his father's 3rd wife from her 1st marriage to Sir Thomas Kitson.
Her monument with recumbent effigy exists in Tawstock Church and is covered by the earliest six-columned canopy in Devon. His son by Frances Kitson was William Bourchier, 3rd Earl of Bath. Thirdly, on 4 December 1548, to Margaret Donnington daughter and sole heiress of John Donnington of Stoke Newington, a member of the Worshipful Company of Salters, by his wife Elizabeth Pye. Margaret Donnington was the widow successively of Sir Thomas Kitson, the builder of Hengrave Hall in Suffolk, next of Sir Richard Long of Wiltshire, Great Saxham and Shingay, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King Henry VIII. Margaret Donnington was a strong-minded lady who insisted that at the same time as her marriage to Bourchier, his son and heir should marry her own daughter Frances Kitson; the double marriage took place at Hengrave on 11 December 1548. Thus the 2nd Earl's eldest son from his 2nd marriage to Eleanor Manners, John Bourchier, Lord FitzWarin, married his own step-sister, Francesca Kitson, was by her the father of William Bourchier, 3rd Earl of Bath.
Margaret Donnington and Bourchier made Hengrave Bourchier was buried at Hengrave. Stained glass in the cloister of Hengrave Hall survives memorialising the Bourchier residency, showing ten quarterings of Bourchier impaling Donnington His eldest son by his second marriage John Bourchier, Lord FitzWarin predeceased his father, having married his step-sister Frances Kitson, daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson of Hengrave Hall by Margaret Donnington, their son William Bourchier, 3rd Earl of Bath, therefore succeeded his grandfather in the earldom, aged under 1 year old. He died on 10 February 1560/61 and was buried on 10 March at Hengrave, Suffolk
A militia is an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or members of a warrior nobility class. Unable to hold ground against regular forces, it is common for militias to be used for aiding regular troops by skirmishing, holding fortifications, or irregular warfare, instead of being used in offensive campaigns by themselves. Militia are limited by local civilian laws to serve only in their home region, to serve only for a limited time. With the emergence of professional forces during the Renaissance, Western European militias wilted; the civic humanist ideal of the militia was spread through Europe by the writings of Niccolò Machiavelli Beginning in the late 20th century, some militias act as professional forces, while still being "part-time" or "on-call" organizations. For instance, the members of some U.
S. Army National Guard units are considered professional soldiers, as they are trained to maintain the same standards as their "full-time" counterparts. Militias thus can be paramilitary, depending on the instance; some of the contexts in which the term "militia" is used include: Forces engaged in defense activity or service, to protect a community, its territory and laws. The entire able-bodied population of a community, county, or state, available to be called to arms. A subset of these who may be penalized for failing to respond to a call-up. A subset of these who respond to a call-up, regardless of legal obligation. A private, non-government force, not directly supported or sanctioned by its government. An irregular armed force enabling its leader to exercise military and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state. An official reserve army, composed of citizen soldiers. Called by various names in different countries, such as the Army Reserve, National Guard, or state defense forces.
The national police forces in several former communist states such as the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries, but in the non-aligned SFR Yugoslavia. The term was inherited in other former CIS countries, where they are known as militsiya. In France the equivalent term "Milice" has become tainted due to its use by notorious collaborators with Nazi Germany. A select militia is composed of a small, non-representative portion of the population politicized. Militia derives from Latin roots: miles /miːles/: soldier -itia /iːtia/: a state, quality or condition of being militia /mil:iːtia/: Military serviceThe word militia dates back to ancient Rome, more to at least 1590 when it was recorded in a book by Sir John Smythe, Certain Discourses Military with the meanings: a military force, it should be noted that the term is used by several countries with the meaning of "defense activity" indicating it is taken directly from Latin. In the early 1800s Buenos Aires, by the capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, was attacked during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata.
As regular military forces were insufficient to counter the British attackers, Santiago de Liniers drafted all males in the city capable of bearing arms into the military. These recruits included the criollo peoples, who ranked low down in the social hierarchy, as well as some slaves. With these reinforcements, the British armies were twice defeated; the militias became a strong factor in the politics of the city afterwards, as a springboard from which the criollos could manifest their political ambitions. They were a key element in the success of the May Revolution, which deposed the Spanish viceroy and began the Argentine War of Independence. A decree by Mariano Moreno derogated the system of promotions involving criollos, allowing instead their promotion on military merit; the Argentine Civil War was waged by militias again, as both federalists and unitarians drafted common people into their ranks as part of ongoing conflicts. These irregular armies were organized at a provincial level, assembled as leagues depending on political pacts.
This system had declined by the 1870s due to the establishment of the modern Argentine Army, drafted for the Paraguayan War by President Bartolome Mitre. Provincial militias were outlawed and decimated by the new army throughout the presidential terms of Mitre, Sarmiento and Roca. Armenian militia, or fedayi played a major role in the independence of various Armenian states, including Western Armenia, the First Republic of Armenia, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh. Armenian militia played a role in the Georgia-Abkhazia War of 1992–1993. In the Colony of New South Wales Governor Lachlan Macquarie proposed a colonial militia but the idea was rejected. Governor Ralph Darling felt. A military volunteer movement attracted wide
Saltram House is a grade I listed George II era mansion house located in the parish of Plympton, near Plymouth in Devon, England. It was deemed by the architectural critic Pevsner to be "the most impressive country house in Devon"; the house was designed by the architect Robert Adam, who altered and expanded the original Tudor house on two occasions. The drawing room is considered one of Adam's finest interiors. Saltram is one of Britain's best preserved examples of an early Georgian house and retains much of its original decor and furnishings, it contains the Parker family's large collection of paintings, including several by Sir Joshua Reynolds and educated at Plympton and a friend of the Parker family. The present building was commenced by John Parker of nearby Boringdon Hall, of Court House North Molton, both in Devon, together with his wife Catherine Poulett, a daughter of John Poulett, 1st Earl Poulett, it was completed by his son John Parker, 1st Baron Boringdon, whose son was John Parker, 1st Earl of Morley.
The Parker family had risen to prominence in the mid-16th century as the bailiff of the manor of North Molton, under Baron Zouche of Haryngworth. In 1957 Saltram House was donated by the Parker family to the National Trust in lieu of death duties, is open to the public. Saltram House was used as one of several local settings for Sensibility; the name Saltram derives itself from the salt, harvested on the nearby estuary and the fact that a "ham", or homestead, was on the site before the Tudor period. The first recorded family to have owned is that of Mayhew who were yeoman farmers in the 16th century; the family owned Saltram for about 50 years, their prosperity declining at the end of the century when they began to sell and lease parts of the estate. Their landholdings were considerable, for example a lease granted by them in 1588 granted the right to farm in Saltram Wood'and all houses and buildings adjoining or upon the same', to have fishing rights at Laira Bridge Rock and Culverhole; the next family to own Saltram were the Baggs, who were responsible for turning the farmhouse into a mansion.
Sir James I Bagg, MP for Plymouth and Mayor of Plymouth, purchased Saltram in about 1614. On his death the house passed to his son James II Bagg, Deputy Governor of Plymouth and a vice-admiral allied to the Duke of Buckingham, a favourite of King James I, he is believed twice to have embezzled funds from the Crown, the first occasion having contributed to the failure of Buckingham's attack on Cadiz in 1625. For reason unknown King Charles I twice defended him despite his obvious culpability. James II Bagg died in 1638 and was succeed by his son George Bagg, when Saltram was described as comprising "One great mansion house, one stable, three gardens, two acres of orchard, eight acres of meadows" and eight acres more. Despite inheriting his father's role as Deputy Governor of Plymouth, George Bagg did not share his father's luck, having chosen the Royalist side in the Civil War, Saltram suffered at the hands of the Parliamentarian forces. Following the defeat of the Royalist cause, shortly after 1643 he was forced to compound in the sum of £582 to secure his landholdings.
Despite having held on to Saltram through the Civil War, the Baggs lost Saltram in 1660, shortly before the Restoration of the Monarchy when the Commonwealth government transferred it to the former Parliamentarian captain Henry Hatsell in payment of a large debt owed by Bagg. However, after the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 Hatsell was stripped of the house and estate, which were granted to Sir George Carteret in settlement of a loan he had made to the King during the Civil War. In 1712 George Parker of Boringdon Hall, about 2 miles north of Saltram, purchased the manor of Saltram, created the Parker dynasty which reigned over Saltram until its days as a private estate were over. John Parker inherited the house in 1743 and along with his wealthy wife, Lady Catherine Parker, clothed the building with symmetrical Palladian facades which cover the Tudor origins of the house; the interiors of the house were given delicate touches including Rococo ceiling plasterwork in the Entrance Hall, Morning Room and Velvet Drawing Room.
John Parker the second, created Lord Boringdon, succeeded his father in 1768 and a year married Theresa Robinson. The Robinson family was of an artistic mind and advised on the embellishment of the house in the six years until Theresa's tragic early death; these six years are considered Saltram's golden age, epitomised by Joshua Reynolds' association with the house due to his close friendship with the family. The house owns ten portraits by Devon's greatest artist. Alongside Reynold's stands Robert Adam, approached by Lord Boringdon in 1768 to create a suite of neo-classical rooms along the east front which reaches its climax in the drawing room the most iconic of all of Saltram House's rooms. Adam, the most fashionable architect and interior designer of the day, created everything from the door handles to the huge plasterwork ceiling. Not to be confined to the inside of the property, Boringdon commissioned Nathaniel Richmond to lay out the present parkland which surrounds the house; the third John Parker known as Earl of Morley inherited the house just 20 years after his father and took longer again to make any major changes to the house.
However, in 1819 he employed the Regency architect John Foulston to add the Entrance Porch and create the present Library out of two s
Manor of Powderham
Powderham is a former manor on the coast of south Devon, situated within the historic hundred of Exminster, about 6 miles south of the city of Exeter and adjacent to the north-east of the village of Kenton. It consists in part of flat marshy ground on the west bank of the River Exe estuary where it is joined by its tributary the River Kenn, the site of Powderham Castle the fortified manor house of Powderham. On the opposite side of the Exe is the small village of Lympstone and opposite is Nutwell Court in the parish of Woodbury the castle or fortified manor house of the powerful mediaeval Dynham family. In the Domesday Book of 1086, the tenant-in-chief of POLDREHA~ is recorded as William II, Count of Eu, listed under the heading: Terra Willelmi de Ow. Although William II, Count of Eu, held many estates elsewhere in England from the king, in Devon he was one of the lesser Devon Domesday Book tenants-in-chief with only two Devonshire holdings and nearby Whitestone, both sub-infeudated to his tenant Ranulf.
William II, Count of Eu, was executed. The tenant family holding the manors of Powderham and Whitestone under the overlords, as did Ranulf in 1086 adopted the surname de Powderham from their seat and continued to hold under the de Bohun overlords until they lost the lands by escheat. Following the execution of William II, Count of Eu, the manor of Powderham became a holding of the powerful de Bohun family, Earls of Hereford, tenants-in-chief and great landholders throughout England, their tenant at both manors continued to be the "de Powderham" family until after the death of John de Powderham it escheated to the overlord Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford. Pole however states that the escheat was due to the attainder of John de Powderham, who held the lands during the reign of King Edward II. Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford gave Powderham and Whitestone as the marriage portion of his daughter Margaret de Bohun on her marriage to Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon, feudal baron of Okehampton, whose seats were Tiverton Castle and Okehampton.
Margaret bequeathed Powderham in her will to her 4th son Sir Philip Courtenay, who thus became the founder of the junior Powderham branch of the Courtenay family. The family of Courtenay "of Powderham", always known thus to distinguish it from its senior line the family of the Earls of Devon, was one of the most influential and best connected in Devon from the 15th century onwards; the family was descended from Sir Philip Courtenay, a younger son of Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon but itself in 1831 was recognised as having become in 1556 holder of the earldom inherited from its distant cousin. Sir Philip Courtenay, 5th or 6th son of Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon by his wife Margaret de Bohun and heiress of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford by his wife Elizabeth Plantagenet, a daughter of King Edward I, he married daughter of Sir Thomas Wake of Blisworth, Northamptonshire. Richard Courtenay, Bishop of Norwich. Much of his time was spent away from Powderham, which manor together with Chivelstone, he leased to his brother-in-law Sir Robert Cary of Cockington, Devon, 12 times MP for Devon.
Following the bishop’s death at the siege of Harfleur, leaving his 11-year-old nephew Philip Courtenay as his heir, Cary was a co-grantee of the wardship of 16 Courtenay manors in Devon and Somerset at a farm of 410 marks per annum. Sir Philip Courtenay, he was the eldest son of Sir John Courtenay, by his wife Joan Champernoun, daughter of Sir RIchard Champernoun of Modbury, Devon. He married Elizabeth Hungerford, daughter of Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford, KG, by Katherine Peverell, his younger son was Peter Courtenay Bishop of Exeter. His second son was Sir Philip Courtenay, sometime MP and Sheriff of Devon in 1471, bequeathed by his mother the Devon manor of Molland, where his line of the family continued until 1732. Sir William Courtenay, Sheriff of Devon in 1483, he married daughter of William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville. His second son was Edward Courtenay of Landrake, whose monumental brass survives in Landrake Church, who married Alice Wotton and heiress of John Wotton of Wotton in Landrake.
Their son and heir was Edward Courtenay, the husband of Margaret Trethurffe, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Trethurffe of Trethurffe in Ladock, Cornwall. The brass is inscribed: "Pray for the soule of Edward Cowrtney esquyer secunde son of Sir William Cowrtney Knight of Povderam, which dyed the fyrst day of March Anno domini MVCIXo on whose soule ihesu have merci". Sir William Courtenay, he married daughter of Sir John Cheyne of Pinhoe. His younger son James Courtenay founded a branch of the family seated at Upcott, Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon the seat of the prominent Devonshire lawyer and MP Nicholas Radford, notoriously murdered there by henchmen of Thomas de Courtenay, 5th/13th Earl of Devon, of Tiverton Castle, which event was a precursor to the private Battle of Clyst Heath, between Thomas de Courtenay, 5th Earl of Devon and his great rival William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville. Sir William Courtenay (14