Lieutenancy areas are the separate areas of the United Kingdom appointed a Lord Lieutenant - the representative of the British monarch. In many cases they have similar demarcation and naming to, but are not conterminate with, the counties of the United Kingdom. In England, Lieutenancy areas are colloquially known as the ceremonial counties, although this phrase does not appear in any legislation referring to them; the Lieutenancy areas of Scotland are subdivisions of Scotland that are more or less based on the counties of Scotland, making use of the major cities as separate entities. In Wales, the Lieutenancy areas are known as the preserved counties of Wales and are based those used for Lieutenancy and local government between 1974 and 1996 and not the historic counties; the Lieutenancy areas of Northern Ireland correspond to the six counties and two former county boroughs. Not shown: City of London
Wigtownshire or the County of Wigtown is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area in south-west Scotland. Until 1975, Wigtownshire was one of the administrative counties used for local government purposes, is now administered as part of the council area of Dumfries and Galloway; as a lieutenancy area, Wigtownshire has its own Lord Lieutenant John Alexander Ross. In the 19th century, it was called West Galloway. Wigtownshire borders the Irish Sea to the west, the Solway Firth to the south, Ayrshire to the north, the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright to the east. Together the Stewartry and Wigtownshire are referred to as Galloway; the western area of Wigtownshire is known as Rhinns of Galloway, the eastern area is known as Machars. Wigtownshire includes the southernmost point in Scotland, the Mull of Galloway, the Machars and the Rhins of Galloway peninsula; the county town was Wigtown, with the administrative centre moving to Stranraer, the largest town, on the creation of a county council in 1890.
Major road links to the area comprise the A77 to the north, A75 to the east. The European route E18 starts in Northern Ireland and runs from Stranraer, Wigtownshire – Gretna – Carlisle to Newcastle, it re-joins at Norway, goes through Sweden and ends at Saint Petersburg, Russia. Like all European routes, it is not signposted as such in the United Kingdom; the European Union is financing "The Stranraer and Loch Ryan Waterfront Project", at Inch. Stranraer station connects the Glasgow South Western Line to Ayr, Paisley Gilmour Street and Glasgow Central as well as Kilmarnock, Carlisle for the West Coast Main Line to Preston and London Euston; the Beeching cuts cut off the Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway and Portpatrick Railway in 1965 resulting in an adverse mileage increase via the Glasgow South Western Line to reach Stranraer from Carlisle and the West Coast Main Line. The 11th-century ex-King of Dublin and Mann, Echmarcach mac Ragnaill, had the title Rex Innarenn, "King of the Rhinns", attributed to him on his death in 1065 AD.
The western sections of Galloway had been aligned with the Isle of Man, Norse and Gaelic-Norse settlement names from the 10th and 11th centuries are spread all along the coastal lands of south-western Scotland. In 2012 the University of Glasgow led a community archaeology project in Inch, between Stranraer and Cairnryan, including a geophysical survey of the area to the north of the motte at Innermessan, it is a site with a long history – from the early mesolithic, about 10,000 years ago, to a medieval town, now disappeared, which in its time was more important than Stranraer. An unnamed detectorist found a gold lunula in a cultivated field near Garlieston, Sorbie in March 2011, the first Scottish gold lunula found in over 100 years; the lunula is a flat, crescent-shaped neck ornament thought to date from around 2300 – 2200 BC, described by some archaeologists as a symbol of power. The gold sheet hammered out from a bar, is thin and decorated around its edges with incised and punched zigzags and dots.
It had been cut up and folded, the two pieces do not join. Initial surface analysis has shown that the metal contains 0.5 % copper. Further analysis may indicate whether the lunula had been made of Scottish gold. Staff of Stranraer Museum and the Wigtownshire branch of the University of the Third Age walked the field looking for artefacts. Test pits were dug and Historic Scotland commissioned a geophysical survey. No more metalwork was any evidence for why the lunula might have been buried there. From Glenluce Sands there have been recovered "more objects of antiquity than from any area of similar extent in Scotland"; the relics range from neolithic to mediaeval times. The fields between the mound and Dunragit village and Droughduil Mote, Old Luce, contain "one of the most important Stone Age sites in Scotland". Aerial photography and archaeological excavation of the henge has revealed the remains of three massive concentric timber circles. Built c.2500 BC, this huge monument was a ceremonial centre and a meeting place for south-west Scotland's early farming communities.
Funding for the dig was provided by the University of Southampton. The staff at Stranraer Museum assisted with computing and communications facilities and access to collections. Wigtownshire is divided into 16 civil parishes. Glasserton Inch, Wigtownshire Kirkcolm Kirkcowan Kirkinner Kirkmaiden Leswalt Mochrum New Luce Old Luce Penninghame Portpatrick Sorbie Stoneykirk Whithorn Wigtown Ardwell Cairnryan Clachanmore Drummore Dunragit Elrig Garlieston Glenluce Kirkcolm Kirkcowan Kirkinner Kirkmaiden Leswalt Lochans Newton Stewart, a burgh from 1677 Port Logan Portpatrick Port William Sandhead Sorbie Stranraer, a royal burgh from 1617 Whithorn, a royal burgh from 1511 Wigtown, a royal burgh from 1469 Castle of St. John, now a Visitor Centre and museum. Galloway House Monreith House Mull of Galloway Lighthouse at the southernmost point of Scotland, which includes a visitor centre and RSPB nature reserve. Sorbie Tower Wigtown Castle Historic Scotland properties: Castle of Park Glenluce Abbey St Ninian's Chapel at the Isle of Whithorn, St Ninian's Cave, two miles north-west Kirkmadrine Monogram Stones Rispain Camp Torhousekie Stone Circle, dating from the 2nd millennium BC, this is one of the best preserved sites in Britain.
Lord Lieutenant of Greater Manchester
The Lord Lieutenant of Greater Manchester is the representative of the monarch, Queen Elizabeth II in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester in North West England. As Greater Manchester remains part of the Lancashire County Palatine, the Lord Lieutenant is appointed by the monarch in their capacity as Duke of Lancaster; the office was created on 1 April 1974. Before 1974 the area had been covered by the Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, the Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire, a small part by the Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire; the role of the Lord Lieutenant is to "first and foremost... to uphold the dignity of the Crown". The Lord Lieutenant acts as Keeper of the Rolls, it promoted the work of voluntary service and benevolent organisations. The Lord Lieutenant is aided in his office by over 70 Deputy Lieutenants. High Sheriff of Greater Manchester Lord Lieutenant of Greater Manchester
The London Gazette
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November 1665 as The Oxford Gazette; this claim is made by the Stamford Mercury and Berrow's Worcester Journal, because The Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage. It does not have a large circulation. Other official newspapers of the UK government are The Edinburgh Gazette and The Belfast Gazette, apart from reproducing certain materials of nationwide interest published in The London Gazette contain publications specific to Scotland and Northern Ireland, respectively. In turn, The London Gazette carries not only notices of UK-wide interest, but those relating to entities or people in England and Wales.
However, certain notices that are only of specific interest to Scotland or Northern Ireland are required to be published in The London Gazette. The London and Belfast Gazettes are published by TSO on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, they are subject to Crown copyright. The London Gazette is published each weekday, except for bank holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published: Granting of royal assent to bills of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or of the Scottish Parliament The issuance of writs of election when a vacancy occurs in the House of Commons Appointments to certain public offices Commissions in the Armed Forces and subsequent promotion of officers Corporate and personal insolvency Granting of awards of honours and military medals Changes of names or of coats of arms Royal Proclamations and other DeclarationsHer Majesty's Stationery Office has digitised all issues of the Gazette, these are available online; the official Gazettes are published by The Stationery Office.
The content, apart from insolvency notices, is available in a number of machine-readable formats, including XML and XML/RDFa via Atom feed. The London Gazette was first published as The Oxford Gazette on 7 November 1665. Charles II and the Royal Court had moved to Oxford to escape the Great Plague of London, courtiers were unwilling to touch London newspapers for fear of contagion; the Gazette was "Published by Authority" by Henry Muddiman, its first publication is noted by Samuel Pepys in his diary. The King returned to London as the plague dissipated, the Gazette moved too, with the first issue of The London Gazette being published on 5 February 1666; the Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense: it was sent by post to subscribers, not printed for sale to the general public. Her Majesty's Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette in 1889. Publication of the Gazette was transferred to the private sector, under government supervision, in the 1990s, when HMSO was sold and renamed The Stationery Office.
In time of war, despatches from the various conflicts are published in The London Gazette. People referred to are said to have been mentioned in despatches; when members of the armed forces are promoted, these promotions are published here, the person is said to have been "gazetted". Being "gazetted" sometimes meant having official notice of one's bankruptcy published, as in the classic ten-line poem comparing the stolid tenant farmer of 1722 to the lavishly spending faux-genteel farmers of 1822: Notices of engagement and marriage were formerly published in the Gazette. Gazettes, modelled on The London Gazette, were issued for most British colonial possessions. History of British newspapers Iris Oifigiúil The Dublin Gazette – in Ireland London Gazette index Official Journal of the European Union List of government gazettes London and Belfast Gazettes official site Great Fire of London 1666 – Facsimile and transcript of London Gazette report
John Dalrymple, 10th Earl of Stair
John Hamilton Dalrymple, 10th Earl of Stair KT, styled Viscount Dalrymple from 1853 until 1864, was a Scottish peer and politician, who served as Governor of the Bank of Scotland for thirty-three years. He was the eldest son of North Dalrymple, 9th Earl of Stair, married Louisa-Jane-Henrietta-Emily, eldest daughter of the 3rd Duc de Coigny, in 1846, they had 6 children: John Dalrymple, 11th Earl of Stair Lady Jane Georgina Dalrymple, married Sir Arthur Vivian and had issue Lady Anne Henrietta Dalrymple, married Major-Gen. William Versey Brownlaw and had no issue Hon. North de Coigny Dalrymple-Hamilton, married Marcia Liddell and had issue, including Frederick Dalrymple-Hamilton Hon. Sir Hew Hamilton Dalrymple KCVO, unmarried and had no issue Rev. the Hon. Robert McGill Dalrymple, Vicar of Sneinton, NottinghamHe represented Wigtownshire in Parliament from 1841 to 1856, he became Earl of Stair on the death of his father in 1864, served as Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshire from 1870 to 1897. From 1870 to 1903 he was the Governor of the Bank of Scotland.
After it was proposed in 1877, he opposed the southward extension to Drummore of the Portpatrick and Wigtownshire Joint Railway. He served as Lord High Commissioner to the Church of Scotland from 1869 to 1871. Oliver & Boyd's new Edinburgh almanac and national repository for the year 1850. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh, 1850 Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Stair
George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway
Admiral George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway, styled Lord Garlies between 1773 and 1806, was a British naval commander and politician. Garlies was the eldest son of John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway, Anne, daughter of Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet, attended Westminster School before embarking on a career in the Royal Navy. Garlies entered into the navy at an early age, serving as a 13-year-old midshipman under the command of his uncle, Commodore Keith Stewart at the Battle of Dogger Bank in August 1781, in the Great Siege of Gibraltar in 1782. In 1789 he was promoted to lieutenant, he returned to England in early 1790. He was promoted to post-captain on 30 April 1793, soon after was appointed to the frigate Winchelsea, serving in the West Indies, being wounded while covering the landing of the army at Guadaloupe in April 1794, was sent with detachments of troops to accept the surrender of the islands of Marie-Galante and La Désirade. In 1795 he took command of the frigate Lively, took Sir John Jervis out from England to assume command in the Mediterranean.
Commanding a division of four frigates and a sloop, he engaged the Spanish ship of line San Francisco de Asís in the Action of 25 January 1797, in which he was forced to withdraw. He served in the area until the Battle of Cape St Vincent in February 1797. After the battle Lively carried Sir Robert Calder, with the account of the victory, Lord Minto, Viceroy of Corsica, his suite, who were on board during the battle, back to England. Around November 1799 Garlies commissioned the frigate Hussar, commanded her in the Channel and on the coast of Ireland until early 1801, making several captures and recaptures: On 17 May 1800 Hussar, the frigate Loire and the schooner Milbrook recaptured the ship Princess Charlotte, captured the French schooner La Francoise. On 2 March 1801 Hussar captured the French schooner Le General Bessieres. On 12 April 1801 Hussar recaptured the ship James of Liverpool. In early 1801 Garlies moved into the Bellerophon, to serve on the blockade of Brest, remaining there until the Treaty of Amiens in early 1802 brought a short-lived period of peace.
Following the renewal of hostilities in May 1803 he commanded the ship Ajax, sat on the Board of Admiralty in between May 1805 and February 1806. Galloway saw no further active service, but was promoted to Rear-Admiral on 31 July 1810. Apart from his military career Garlies sat as a Member of Parliament, he was first elected in 1790 for the constituency of Saltash, served until vacating his seat in favour of his brother William in February 1795. He returned to Parliament when elected MP for Cockermouth on 22 July 1805, sat for Haslemere after the 1806 election, but was shortly after obliged to quit his seat following the death of his father on 13 November, when he became the Earl of Galloway, moved to the House of Lords, he served as Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright from 26 December 1794 to 1807, from 1820 to 1828, of Wigtownshire from 28 March 1807 to 1828. On 30 May 1814 he was invested as a member of the Order of the Thistle, he served as Vice-President of the Board of Agriculture in 1815.
In April 1797 he married Lady Jane Paget, the daughter of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge, sister of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey. They had eight children: m. George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough. Lady Caroline Stewart Hon Randolph Stewart 9th Earl of Galloway Lady Louisa Stewart, m. William Duncombe, 2nd Baron Feversham. Hon Arthur Stewart Hon Alan Stewart Lady Helen Stewart Vice Admiral Hon Keith Stewart CB, m. Mary FitzRoy, daughter of Charles Augustus FitzRoy. Had issue, 9 daughters, 1 son. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Galloway
Lord-Lieutenant of Lincolnshire
The Lord-Lieutenant of Lincolnshire is the British monarch's personal representative in the county of Lincolnshire. The lord-lieutenant was responsible for organising the county's militia. In 1871, the lord-lieutenant's responsibility over the local militia was removed. However, it was not until 1921 that they formally lost the right to call upon able-bodied men to fight when needed. Since 1660, all lord-lieutenants have been Custos Rotulorum of Lincolnshire; the lord-lieutenancy is now an honorary titular position awarded to a retired notable person in the county. Until 1975, this had been awarded to a peer connected to the county; this is a list of people. The lord-lieutenant selects from their deputy lieutenants one to act as the vice lord-lieutenant during their tenure; this office is not automatically renewed on the appoint of a new lord-lieutenant. The current Vice Lord-Lieutenant of Lincolnshire is Mr C G Rowles Nicholson. Deputy Lieutenants are nominated by the lord-lieutenant to assist with any duties as may be required.
In Lincolnshire, they are appointed by the Lord Chancellor on command of the sovereign. The current Deputy Lieutenants for Lincolnshire are: Mrs J M Ashton A E Baxter Esq JP DL Lady Benton Jones N D S Brown Esq J B Burke Esq DL Mrs C E Carlbom Flinn DL D C Chambers Esq DL A S Clark Esq DL Mrs A C Coltman OBE DL R J Douglas Esq DL H C Drake Esq DL F J F M Dymoke Esq DL Colonel D K Harris Mrs J G A M Hughes DL Mrs P G Keeling MBE DL Ms U F R Lidbetter J W Lockwood Esq MBE DL B Marsh Esq N E McCorquodale Esq DL Mrs R M Parker DL Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach Mrs V M Pettifer C A Pinchbeck Esq DL Mrs S A L Price DL Mrs H M L Reeve DL Professor M A Robinson OBE DL Mrs S E Robinson DL C G Rowles Nicholson Esq DL Sir Reginald Sheffield Sir Reginald Tyrwhitt By DL Mrs A L Ward DL W S Webb Esq DL C W H Welby Esq DLPrecious deputy lieutenants include: Thomas Sherwin Pearson-Gregory 2 January 1901 J. C. Sainty. "Lieutenancies of Counties, 1585–1642". Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research.
J. C. Sainty. List of Lieutenants of Counties of England and Wales 1660-1974. London: Swift Printers Ltd