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Lord Thomas Howard

Lord Thomas Howard, was a younger son of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk by his second marriage to Agnes Tilney. He is chiefly known for his marriage to Lady Margaret Douglas, the daughter of Henry VIII's sister, Margaret Tudor, for which he was imprisoned in the Tower, where he died on 31 October 1537; the affair is immortalized in verses by the poet Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey. Lord Thomas was at court in 1533 when his niece, Anne Boleyn, married King Henry VIII as his second wife, helped to bear the canopy at the christening of Anne's daughter, Elizabeth. In the years which followed he was at court, it was there that he met Lady Margaret Douglas, the daughter of Henry VIII's sister, Margaret Tudor, her second husband, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus. By the end of 1535 Lord Howard and Lady Margaret Douglas had fallen in love and become secretly engaged. Lord Thomas Howard is confused with his elder brother, Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, they were both sons of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, however Lord Thomas was the product of a second marriage, while the Duke was the son of his father's first marriage.

Howard's niece, Queen Anne, fell from power in May 1536. This undoubtedly contributed to the King's fury when in early July 1536 he learned of the marriage contract of Lord Thomas and Lady Margaret since Lady Margaret was at the time next in the line of succession as a result of the King's bastardization of his daughters Mary and Elizabeth; the couple were committed to the Tower, on 18 July 1536 an Act of Attainder accusing Howard of attempting to'interrupt ympedyte and lett the seid Succession of the Crowne' was passed in both houses of Parliament. The Act sentenced Howard to death, forbade the marriage of any member of the King's family without his permission; the death sentence was not carried out, Lord Thomas languished in the Tower despite the fact that Lady Margaret was required to renounce their relationship by King Henry's minister Richard Cromwell. While in the Tower Lady Margaret fell ill, the King allowed her to be moved to Syon Abbey under the supervision of the abbess. There are many reports that her illness was her pregnancy with Lord Thomas Howard's son and thus she was sent to the Abbey during her confinement.

She was released from the Abbey on 29 October 1537. Howard remained in the Tower, where he caught an illness and died on 31 October 1537. There is an unsubstantiated tradition, his body was given to his mother, the Dowager Duchess of Norfolk, with the stipulation that it be buried ‘without pomp’. Howard was interred at Thetford Abbey. Lord Thomas' nephew, Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, referred to his death in a poem to a lady who refused to dance with him:— If you be fair and fresh, am I not of your hue? And for my vaunt I dare well say, my blood is not untrue; this gentle beast so died, whom nothing could remove, But willingly to seek his death for loss of his true love. In 1540 Lady Margaret Douglas was disgraced in a similar affair with Thomas Howard's nephew Sir Charles Howard, the son of Lord Thomas' elder half-brother Lord Edmund Howard, a brother of Henry VIII's fifth wife, Katherine Howard. Davies, Catherine. Howard, duchess of Norfolk, noblewoman. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Head, David M.. Howard, second duke of Norfolk and soldier. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. McDermott, James. Howard, first Baron Howard of Effingham, naval commander. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Marshall, Rosalind K.. Douglas, countess of Lennox, noblewoman. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Richardson, Douglas. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc. Riordan, Michael. Howard, Lord Thomas, courtier. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Weir, Alison; the Six Wives of Henry VIII. New York: Grove Weidenfeld

Moyer v. Peabody

Moyer v. Peabody, 212 U. S. 78, is a decision by the United States Supreme Court which held that the governor and officers of a state National Guard, acting in good faith and under authority of law, may imprison without probable cause a citizen of the United States in a time of insurrection and deny that citizen the right of habeas corpus. The case arose out of a wave of labor disputes, known as the Colorado Labor Wars, in the mining industry in the state of Colorado. In August 1902, the Western Federation of Miners organized mill workers in Colorado; the employers planted a spy in the union, the evidence of union activity gathered by the mole led to the dismissal of 42 union members. Union-employer negotiations over the dismissals began immediately, dragged on into 1903. With the negotiations at a standstill, the WFM struck on February 14, 1903. After the number of miners walking the picket lines grew in March and April, the mine owners decided to seek state aid. Governor James Peabody was anti-union, the employers worked with him to craft a response that would break the strike and the union.

Although Colorado City was quiet and no public disorders of any magnitude had occurred, the employers and local authorities claimed extensive rioting had occurred and that local and county law enforcement were unable to handle the mobs. Governor Peabody called out the Colorado militia. Outraged miners in nearby Cripple Creek and the western city of Telluride walked off the job, the militia was deployed in those cities as well. Mass arrests began in September 1903. One of those arrested was Charles Moyer. Moyer had traveled to Telluride to protest deportation of miners, he lent his signature to a WFM poster denouncing the arrests. Moyer was arrested on March 1904, for desecrating the American flag, he was released on bail, but re-arrested the following day on the orders of the Adjutant General of the state militia on the grounds of "military necessity."Moyer's predicament was not unusual. The state militia had detained hundreds of striking workers and union leaders for many weeks in bullpens and had disregarded hundreds of habeas corpus petitions.

Moyer petitioned a Colorado state court for a writ of habeas corpus, granted. However, the Colorado State Attorney General and the local district attorney refused to honor the writ. Moyer appealed to the Colorado Supreme Court. On June 6, 1904, the Colorado Supreme Court ruled in In re Moyer, that Moyer's constitutional right to due process and habeas corpus had not been violated; the court held that the governor had acted under color of state law and that the courts had no jurisdiction to review the governor's finding that a state of insurrection existed in Colorado. Moyer appealed to the U. S. District Court in Missouri, obtained a writ of habeas corpus on July 5, 1904. Alarmed by the writ, Governor Peabody revoked the finding of insurrection the same day and ordered Moyer released by 3:45 p.m. before the federal writ could be served. Moyer continued to press his case; the U. S. Supreme Court accepted certiorari, oral argument occurred on January 5 and January 6, 1909. Associate Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. delivered the opinion for a unanimous court.

The decision was a mere seven paragraphs long. The first three paragraphs were devoted to determining the jurisdiction of the court. Holmes began by refusing to question whether a state of insurrection existed in Colorado. "It is admitted, as it must be, that the Governor's declaration that a state of insurrection existed is conclusive of that fact," Holmes wrote. "The facts that we are to assume are that a state of insurrection existed and that the Governor, without sufficient reason but in good faith, in the course of putting the insurrection down held the plaintiff until he thought that he safely could release him. Holmes made what is considered a famous statement about due process: "But it is familiar that what is due process of law depends on circumstances, it varies with the subject-matter and the necessities of the situation."The existence of the state of insurrection was, critical. Both the state constitution and the statutes gave the governor the power to call out the militia, put down rebellion, hold rebels without providing for relief.

Holmes incorporated the findings of the Colorado Supreme Court in his opinion andonce more refused to entertain any arguments to the contrary: "In such a situation we must assume that he had a right under the state constitution and laws to call out troops, as was held by the Supreme Court of the State." But Holmes' assumptions were not ironclad. He left open the door for plaintiffs to challenge whether or not a state of insurrection did, in fact, exist. In this case, the plaintiff did not do so. Absent any such challenge by the plaintiff to the factual situation, Holmes concluded that plaintiffs have no recourse under law. Holmes placed his faith utterly in the democratic process and a citizenry's ability to elect leaders of "good faith:" So long as such arrests are made in good faith and in the honest belief that they are needed in order to head the insurrection off, the Governor is the final judge and cannot be subjected to an action after he is out of office on the ground that he had not reasonable ground for his belief.

The judgment left plaintiffs. Holmes suggested in dicta that plaintiffs might have grounds if their imprisonment were lengthy: "If we suppose a Governor with a long term of office," Holmes hypothesized, "it may be that a case could be imagined in which the length of the imprisonment would raise a different question. However, since Moyer's incarceration had lasted only four months, it was i

Money management

Money management is the process of expense tracking, budgeting and evaluating taxes of one's money, called investment management. Money management is a strategic technique to make money yield the highest interest-output value for any amount spent. Spending money to satisfy cravings is a natural human phenomenon; the idea of money management techniques has been developed to reduce the amount that individuals and institutions spend on items that add no significant value to their living standards, long-term portfolios, assets. Warren Buffett, in one of his documentaries, admonished prospective investors to embrace his esteemed "frugality" ideology; this involves making every financial transaction worth the expense: 1. Avoid any expense that appeals to vanity or snobbery 2. Always go for the most cost-effective alternative 3. Favor expenditures on interest-bearing items over all others 4. Establish the expected benefits of every desired expenditure using the canon of plus/minus/nil to the standard of living value system.

These techniques are portfolio-multiplying. There are certain companies as well that offer services, provide counseling and different models for managing money; these are designed to make them grow. Money management is used in investment management and deals with the question of how much risk a decision maker should take in situations where uncertainty is present. More what percentage or what part of the decision maker's wealth should be put into risk in order to maximize the decision maker's utility function. Money management for stock trading as well. Money management can mean gaining greater control over outgoings and incomings, both in a personal and business perspective. Greater money management can be achieved by analyzing costs and income etc.. In stock and futures trading, money management plays an important role in every success of a trading system; this is related with trading expectancy: “Expectancy”, the average amount you can expect to win or lose per dollar at risk. Mathematically: Expectancy = – So for example if a trading system has 60% losing probability and only 40% winning of all trades, using money management a trader can set his average win higher compared to his average loss in order to produce a profitable trading system.

If he set his average win at around $400 per trade and managing/limiting the losses to around $100 per trade. Therefore the key to successful money management is maximizing every winning trades and minimizing losses. Ethical or religious principles may be used to determine or guide the way in which money is invested. Christians tend to follow the Biblical scripture. Several religions follow Mosaic law; the Quakers so started the concept of ethical investment. Category:Money managers Balsara, Nauzer J.. Money Management Strategies for Futures Traders. Wiley Finance. ISBN 0-471-52215-5. Retrieved 2006-10-29. Stephen Petrivy, xBinOp.com. 5 Types of Successful Money Management in Trading. Money tips

Hipstedt

Hipstedt is a municipality in the district of Rotenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany. Hipstedt belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, established in 1180. In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, first ruled in personal union by the Swedish Crown - interrupted by a Danish occupation - and from 1715 on by the Hanoverian Crown. In 1807 the ephemeral Kingdom of Westphalia annexed the Duchy, before France annexed it in 1810. In 1813 the Duchy was restored to the Electorate of Hanover, which - after its upgrade to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814 - incorporated the Duchy in a real union and the Ducal territory, including Hipstedt, became part of the new Stade Region, established in 1823

Gary M. Anderson

Gary Michael Anderson is an American musician. He attended Berklee School of Music as a Down Beat Hall of Fame Scholarship recipient, went on to graduate Summa Cum Laude, he served there as a full-time professor and a member of the Berklee Saxophone Quartet, received the institution's Outstanding Achievement Award, has since been named one of Berklee's Fifty Outstanding Alumnus. For five years, beginning in 1973, Anderson toured with Woody Herman's Thundering Herd as music director, playing saxophone and arranging. Anderson is credited on seven albums. After leaving the Herman's band in 1978, Anderson settled in NYC where he composed and orchestrated for television and stage. Gary received numerous Daytime Emmy nominations for work with gameshows daytime dramas and animation, he received a Grammy award in music production for the 30th Anniversary of the Sesame Street soundtrack, "Elmopalooza" and a special Emmy in music production for The 1988 Goodwill Games. Anderson worked as an orchestrator on over 50 movies with composer Charles Gross as well as Broadway stage work with Marvin Hamlisch, Charles Strouse, Bob Fosse and mentor, Ralph Burns.

Re-located to Las Vegas, Anderson continues his multi-faceted work and participates in summer jazz clinics around the country. Gary M. Anderson on IMDb

Lake Georgetown

Lake Georgetown is a reservoir on the north fork of the San Gabriel River in central Texas in the United States. Lake Georgetown is a U. S. Army Corps of Engineers reservoir formed on the San Gabriel by the North San Gabriel Dam, located about three miles west of Georgetown, Texas; the dam and all adjacent property are managed by the Fort Worth District of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the dam was completed on October 5, 1979, serves to provide flood control for the community of Georgetown. Lake Georgetown is a source of drinking water for Georgetown and the nearby city of Round Rock; the lake is a popular recreational destination. The other reservoir on the San Gabriel River is Granger Lake, located downstream of Lake Georgetown, near Granger, Texas. Lake Georgetown has been stocked with several species of fish intended to improve the utility of the reservoir for recreational fishing. Fish present in Lake Georgetown include largemouth bass, white bass, hybrid striped bass and sunfish. In addition to maintaining the dam that creates the reservoir, the U.

S. Army Corps of Engineers maintains recreational facilities at the lake. Cedar Breaks Park, Russell Park, Jim Hogg Park and Overlook Park include day use areas for picnics. Cedar Breaks Park, Jim Hogg Park and Russell Park have boat ramp facilities for recreational boating. No camping is permitted at Overlook park; the Goodwater Trail is a 26-mile-long hiking trail that follows the entire perimeter of the lake with trailheads at Cedar Breaks, Jim Hogg, Russell Park. Tejas Camp, while technically on the San Gabriel river and not on the lake has trail access and is the only other entry or exit point to the southern half of the trail besides Cedar Breaks. Mountain biking is allowed on the entire length of the loop thanks to the Austin Ridge Riders group for their work on the southern half of the trail. Beginner riders would be wise to stay on the North shore as it permits shorter trips with water refilling available and multiple exits; the southern shore presents a much more challenging ride with its rocky terrain and steep drop offs and is not recommended for beginners.

There are no water refilling stations or trail exits between Cedar Breaks and Camp Tejas. Overnight primitive camping is allowed at Sawyer Park which rests halfway between Cedar Breaks and Tejas. Official Lake Georgetown web site Lake Georgetown - Texas Parks & Wildlife Lake Georgetown from the Handbook of Texas Online