York Regional Police
The York Regional Police are a law enforcement organization that serves over 1.1 million residents in the York Region of Ontario, located north of Toronto. YRP was formed in 1971 from the police forces maintained by the nine municipalities which amalgamated into York Region at the time. Policing for Georgina Island is provided by the Georgian Island Police with assistance from the Ontario Provincial Police; the islands had separate policing under Ontario First Nation policing since 1971. The York Regional Police were formed in 1971, when the province forced the creation of a regional upper-tier municipal government that included the lower-tier municipalities of York County. Prior to 1971, there were several police forces serving individual communities: King Township Police; the YRP's motto, "Deeds Speak", is derived from the motto of the 3rd York Militia Regiment, many of whom served as local constables in the Home District. The YRP crest is based on the crest from the former County of York government.
The YRP's senior command consists of a chief of two deputy chiefs. The head of the police service is Chief Eric Jolliffe, sworn in as chief on December 13, 2010, he replaced retired Chief Armand P. La Barge, after he completed 37 years of service. Chief Jolliffe was a former deputy chief of the force; the administration and senior command are based at York Regional Police Headquarters in Aurora, Ontario. A list of chiefs of the York Regional Police since its creation in 1971: Bruce Allan Crawford 1971-1987, former Metropolitan Toronto Police officer, former Chief of the Toronto Harbour Commission Police Donald Hillock 1987-1992, former Aurora Township Police officer Bryan Cousineau 1992-1997, retired former Whitchurch Township officer. La Barge December 12, 2002-December 2010, former York Regional Police Deputy Chief and career officer with the force Eric Jolliffe December 13, 2010 – present Operations are composed of: Administrative services Information services Investigative services Support services Community services Court services Emergency support The York Regional Police are divided into five geographical districts: 1 District - 240 Prospect St, Newmarket serving:→ Newmarket, Ontario → Aurora, Ontario → East Gwillimbury, Ontario → King, Ontario 2 District - 171 Major Mackenzie Dr West, Richmond Hill serving:→ Richmond Hill, Ontario → Oak Ridges, Ontario → Thornhill, Ontario 3 District - 3527 Baseline Rd, Sutton serving:→ Georgina, Ontario → Lake Simcoe 4 District - 2700 Rutherford Rd, Vaughan serving:→ Vaughan, Ontario 5 District - 8700 McCowan Rd, Markham serving:→ Markham, Ontario → Whitchurch-Stouffville, Ontario Each district is headed by a superintendent and inspector.
Whitchurch-Stouffville Community Substation, 111 Sandiford Dr, Whitchurch-StouffvilleThe York Regional Police provide a substation to the community of Whitchurch-Stouffville. Numerous personnel work out of this substation to provide a police presence within the community. King Community Policing Centre, King TownshipOpened in August 2011, the King Community Policing Centre hosts several events including safety clinics and community events, it is supported by several of the service's volunteers and civilian staff to strengthen the standards of safety, well-being and quality of life in the community. Community Safety Village of York Region, Bruce's Mill Conservation Area, 3291 Stouffville Rd, Stouffville York Regional Police's Community Safety Village is a resource used by the service to teach young children about fire and personal safety; the resource includes a 10,000 square foot replica town with crosswalks, functioning traffic lighting and signals. The resource is utilized by local schools, several family events are held at the location yearly.
Community Resource Centre, 10720 Yonge St, Richmond HillA community resource centre is available to residents of the southern municipalities in the region. This location hosts the service's Collision Reporting Centre; the marine unit consists of 11 full-time members and patrols the southern shoreline of Lake Simcoe and other York Region waterways. It is responsible for 350 square kilometers of Lake Simcoe and can service the entire lake if required; the marine unit operates out of 3 District Headquarters in Sutton. The unit has seven vessels at their disposal and are deployed from Keswick Community Policing Office 290 The Queensway South at Marina Drive. Emergency support is a 23-member unit with an emergency response unit and explosive disposal unit; the service has an authorized strength of close to 1,600 sworn members and 500 civilian staff. The York Regional Police are one of two forces in the greater Toronto area with an active air support unit. While the Toronto Police Service does not have an air unit, York's air unit serves their area und
Vaughan City Council
Vaughan City Council is the lower-tier municipal governing body for the city of Vaughan, Ontario. It is a part of the upper-tier Regional Municipality of York. Members of the council are elected in three categories: wards councillors, city wide councillors, a mayor; the wards have remained consistent since the 2010 election. Known as regional councillors, anyone filling this position not only serves the people's interest on the Vaughan City Council, they are responsible for representing the city at the York Regional Council; the regional councillor who receives the most votes in an election is made the deputy mayor, whose role is to represent the mayor in their absence. For the extra work they do, the deputy mayor receives a 10% higher salary compared to a councillor. City council and various civic offices are housed at the Civic Centre, built by Kubawara, Payne, McKenna and Blumberg and opened in 2011. Besides the main City Hall building, the complex features: Civic Tower with clock Chamber of Commerce Building Public library building Civic Square and Cenotaph reflecting pool/skating rink public gardens and naturalized parkPrevious civic buildings: Township Hall in Vellore on Lot 20 in Concession 5 1845-1943 Township Hall at northeast corner of Major Mackenzie Drive and Keele Street 1943-1957 2141 Major Mackenzie Drive 1957-2011 1971 to 1983 1983 to 1991 1991 to 1994 1994 to 2010 2010 to present Following the November 2006 election, former mayor Michael Di Biase appealed the results of the elections citing possible errors in the ballot counting machines.
The results were reviewed following a decision in his favour in Ontario Superior Court, concluding that the original result, the election of Jackson as mayor, was the correct one. The head of City Council is the mayor. A list of mayors and reeves of Vaughan includes: Reeves Garnett A. Williams 1969-1970 Brian Bailey 1967-1968 Albert H. Rutherford 1961-1966 John W. Perry 1957-1960 Marshall McMurchy 1952-1956 John Hostrawer 1949-1951 Boynton Weldrick 1944-1948 Robert W. Scott 1936-1943 George Kellam 1931-1935 James Henry Robson 1929-1930 Henry Kellam 1928 George Kellam 1927 Thomas B. Weldrick 1925-1926 John T. Saigeon 1922-1924 John Whitmore 1917-1921 Scott McNair 1915-1916 James A. Cameron 1911-1914 Daniel Longhouse 1909-1910 Isaac Devins 1907-1908 John Boyle 1905-1906 William Watson 1903-1904 James H. Kirby 1901-1902 Alexander Bryson 1898-1900 Samuel Arnold 1897 George High 1894-1896 Andrew Russell 1890-1893 James McNeil 1889 Alexander Malloy 1887-1888 Thompson Porter 1881-1886 William C. Patterson 1874-1880 David Boyle 1872-1873 Peter Patterson 1868–1871 Henry S. Howland 1864-1867 Robert J. Arnold 1861-1863 Henry S. Howland 1859-1860 David Bridgeford 1858 John W. Gamble 1850-1857 first reeve of the Township The position of Deputy Mayor is based on the councillor receiving the greatest number of votes in a municipal election, has included: Deputy Reeves' Garnet A. Williams 1965-1968 Jesse Bryson 1961-1964 Victor B.
Ryder 1959-1960 Robert A. Kirk 1957-1958 Albert H. Rutherford 1952-1956, 1969-1970 Marshall McMurchy 1949-1951 John Hostrawser 1944-1948 Boynton Weldrick 1936-1943 Robert W. Scott 1935 Robert Dooks 1931-1934 Thomas Baker 1929-1930 Arthur Farr 1927-1928 James Henry Robson 1925-1928 Thomas B. Weldrick 1922-1924 George Kellam 1922-1926 William O. McDonald 1921 Walter Anderson 1919-1920 John T. Saigeon 1917-1918, 1921, 1929-1931 John Whitmore 1915-1916 Scott McNair 1911-1914 James A. Cameron 1909-1910 Daniel Longhouse 1907-1908 William Watson 1898 James H. Kirby 1897-1898 Alexander Bryson 1894-1897 Samuel Arnold 1890-1896 George High 1887-1893 Andrew Russell 1887-1889 Isaac Reaman 1886-1888 George Elliott 1886 Alexander Malloy 1884-1886 Thomas Webster 1882-1883 William Cook 1881-1885 Damiel Reaman 1879-1885 Isaac Nattress 1879-1881 John L. Card 1878, 1880 Daniel Kinnee 1877-1878 Isaac Chapman 1875-1876 N. Clarke Wallace 1874-1879 Thomas Webster 1872-1877 Thompson Porter 1871-1873 David Boyle 1870-1871 William Hartman 1868-1869 Robert J. Arnold 1867-1870 Thomas Grahame 1865-1867 William Cook 1861, 1863 Alfred Jeffery 1858-1860, 1862, 1864 David Smellie 1851-1853 Members of the Council at the City of Vaughan website Ward and councillor area map
Keele Valley Landfill
The Keele Valley Landfill was the largest landfill in Canada and the third largest in North America during its operation. It was the primary landfill site for the City of Toronto and the regional municipalities of York and Durham from 1983 until 2002, was owned and operated by the City of Toronto, it was located at the intersection of Keele Street and McNaughton Road in Maple, a community in the northeastern part of the City of Vaughan in Ontario. In 1985, the initial portion of a landfill gas collection system was installed to reduce emissions and associated odours emanating into the nearby community; this has been used to generate electricity, which it has continued to do since the landfill's closing, sufficient to power 20,000 homes. The facility is registered in the National Pollutant Release Inventory, with site identification number 7371; the site emitted about 410 kilotonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent greenhouse gases in 2011. In 2002, the site was identified by the Government of Ontario as an Area of High Aquifer Vulnerability, which would prohibit waste disposal and organic soil conditioning facilities being built or operating there per the Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Plan.
Vaughan's Official Plan Amendment 604 specified that the site would be redeveloped as an open public space. The site was a large gravel pit, purchased by the city of Toronto in the 1970s for C$38 million. Before its opening, Toronto's trash was sent to the Beare Road Landfill in Scarborough, Vaughan's trash was sent to a site about 1 kilometre north of Keele Valley, north of Teston Road; when it opened, the Keele Valley Landfill was within an entirely rural setting, but the rapid growth of Maple in the 1990s surrounded the site with residential developments. The site opened on 28 November 1983 based on an agreement between Metropolitan Toronto and York Region, under which Toronto was required to dispose of York's waste until 2003 in exchange for establishing the Keele Valley site; the site accepted garbage from the area of Toronto west of Yonge Street, whereas garbage from areas east of Yonge Street was sent to the Brock Road Landfills. The York municipalities of King and Georgina continued to dispose of their waste in local landfill for some time, whereas the others paid dumping fees to the city of Toronto for use of the Keele Valley Landfill.
The site was scheduled to close in 1993, at which time it was expected to reach its capacity of 20 million tonnes. It overlays a sand aquifer, using a single engineered landfill liner to prevent leachate from entering the aquifer below. An on-site Household Hazardous Waste depot collected paint, pesticides, cleaning agents and other hazardous waste in small quantities. A general recycling depot, to which residents and businesses could bring appliances, corrugated cardboard, scrap metal and tires for recycling operated at the site, as did a tire recycling depot; the facility had a yard waste drop-off area, from which the operators would transport material for composting in large outdoor windrows on a site north of the landfill, at the Avondale Composting Site. It accepted waste brought by residents of households in York Region, but building contractors abused the privilege by bringing numerous small loads to the landfill, prompting the imposition of a tipping fee in 1990 for pickup trucks and small trailers.
Commercial haulers were charged $18 per tonne in 1988, $97 per tonne in 1990. The site was a profitable venture for the city of Toronto. In its last year of operation in 2002, it generated $25 million of revenue, it processed 1.57 million tonnes of waste in 1986, 2.2 million tonnes in 1988, most of which increase was by the private sector. By 2000, it was processing 1.4 million tonnes of garbage from the city of Toronto. The site collected 28 million tonnes of waste throughout its operational lifetime. In 1999 biomedical waste constituted 4,300 tonnes and asbestos constituted 4,900 tonnes of the waste collected that year; the fee for disposing such waste was $50 per tonne before 3 January 2000, $75 thereafter until the site closing. The cost of clean fill increased to $20 per tonne on that date. Hazardous materials, including biomedical waste and asbestos, were treated before final disposal; the table below shows the concentration of various leachate chemicals at the Keele Valley Landfill based on the October 2000 report Final Report East Taro Landfill.
It compares the Keele Valley peak annual average data to the Ontario provincial standards for municipal solid waste and Drinking Water Objectives. Included are results from a 2002 paper about Keele Valley leachate analysis by Fleming and D. Rowe, a 1995 paper by R. K. Rowe. From 1985, a system to collect and flare gas was installed by its operators to mitigate the potential effects of landfill gas, including methane, which constitutes 47% of landfill gases at this site; this system was installed in progressive stages until 2002 as the waste accumulated in the landfill. In 1993, Eastern Power Developers won a bid to develop an electricity generation station at the landfill, which it built in 1994 at a cost of $30 million. By April 1995, it was in operation, selling electricity to Ontario Hydro's electricity distribution department; the landfill gas was collected from the site and diverted to a central blower and flare station via gas transmission pipes. Most of this gas is directed to the electricity generating station, which has a peak generation capacity of about 33,000 kilowatts.
It generates 274,800,000 kilowatt hour of power annually. Five percent of the collected gas is flared, it is a combined cy
Vaughan is a city in Ontario, Canada. It is located in the Regional Municipality of York, just north of Toronto. Vaughan was the fastest-growing municipality in Canada between 1996 and 2006, achieving a population growth rate of 80.2% according to Statistics Canada and having nearly doubled in population since 1991. It is the fifth-largest city in the Greater Toronto Area, the 17th-largest city in Canada. In the late pre-contact period, the Huron-Wendat people populated; the Skandatut ancestral Wendat village overlooked the east branch of the Humber River and was once home to 2000 Huron in the sixteenth century. The site is close to a Huron ossuary uncovered in Kleinburg in 1970, one kilometre north of the Seed-Barker Huron siteThe first European to pass through Vaughan was the French explorer Étienne Brûlé, who traversed the Humber Trail in 1615. However, it was not until the townships were created in 1792 that Vaughan began to see European settlements, as it was considered to be remote and the lack of roads through the region made travel difficult.
The township was named after Benjamin Vaughan, a British commissioner who signed a peace treaty with the United States in 1783. Despite the hardships of pioneer life, settlers came to Vaughan in considerable numbers; the population grew from 19 men, 5 women, 30 children in 1800 to 4,300 in 1840. The first people to arrive were Pennsylvania Germans, with a smaller number of families of English descent and a group of French Royalists; this migration from the United States was by 1814 superseded by immigrants from Britain. While many of their predecessors had been agriculturalists, the newer immigrants proved to be skilled tradespeople, which would prove useful for a growing community. Around the facilities established by this group were a number of hamlets, the oldest of, Thornhill, where a saw-mill was erected in 1801, a grist mill in 1815, had a population of 300 by 1836. Other such enclaves included Kleinburg, Rupertville, Richmond Hill, Claireville, Pine Grove, Patterson, Concord, Fisherville, Elder's Mills, Elgin Mills, Nashville, Richvale, Langstaff and Burwick.
In 1846, the Township was agricultural but had a population of 4,300. There were 25 saw mills. By 1935, there were 4,873 residents. However, World War II sparked an influx of immigration, by 1960, the population stood at 15,957; the ethno-cultural composition of the area began to change with the arrival of different groups such as Italians and Eastern Europeans. Incorporated in 1850 as Vaughan Township, a municipal government was established. Vaughan Road was a rural road constructed in 1850 that linked Vaughan Township with Toronto, though this street's current alignment is much shorter and serves only much of the eastern half of the former city of York. In 1971, the new regional government of York Region was established, acquiring policing and welfare services from the communities it served. In 1991, it changed its legal status to City of Vaughan. An F2 tornado tore through the city of Vaughan during the Southern Ontario Tornado Outbreak on August 20, 2009. Premier Dalton McGuinty and Mayor Linda Jackson toured the destruction the next day and reported 200 homes in critical shape and as many as 600 additional homes to be demolished.
The tornado ripped up trees, flipped cars, left thousands of people without power. Vaughan declared a state of emergency because of the widespread damage. One man injured in the storm suffered a heart attack the following morning. North American telephone customers placing calls to Vaughan may not recognize the charge details on their billings. Although Vaughan has been incorporated since 1850 and has existed in its present form since 1971, the local incumbent local exchange carrier, Bell Canada, splits the city into three historical rate centres–Kleinburg and Woodbridge. Part of the Thornhill rate centre extends into Vaughan. Indeed, Vaughan does not appear in the telephone book. Vaughan is governed by a nine-member council comprising a mayor, three regional councillors, five local councillors; the mayor, elected at large, is a representative on York Region Council. The three regional councillors are elected at large, serve on both the city council and York Regional Council. Five local councillors are elected, one from each of Vaughan's five wards, to represent those wards on Vaughan Council.
City councillors meet at the Civic Centre, located in Maple. The City's new City Hall was opened on September 25, 2011; the building is named in memory of late Mayor Lorna Jackson. The new Civic Centre is one of the first in Canada to conform to a LEED Gold Standard, the second highest environmental classification available. Vaughan is the first municipality in Ontario to have a Youth City Councillor; the youth city councillor is appointed as a non-voting member of Council every six months to represent the youth of Vaughan. Vaughan council rejected the proposal of a youth councillor but, after the Vaughan Youth Cabinet amended its proposal, Council accepted the recommendation. After serving as mayor for nine years, Lorna Jackson saw the Town of Vaughan become incorporated as the City of Vaughan. Following the death of Mayor Lorna Jackson in 2002, Michael Di Biase was appointed mayor by Vaughan council by virtue of his position as one of two regional councillors representing Vaughan, Joyce Frustaglio was the other regional councillor.
Gino Rosati, a Vaughan local councillor, was subsequently app