Pratt Institute is a private, non-profit institution of higher learning located in the Clinton Hill neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York, United States, with a satellite campus located at 14th Street in Manhattan and an extension campus in Utica, New York. The school originated in 1887 with programs in engineering and fine arts. Comprising six schools, the Institute is known for its ranked programs in architecture, interior design, industrial design, offers both undergraduate and Master's degree programs in a variety of fields, with a strong focus on research. U. S. News & World Report lists Pratt as one of the top 20 colleges in the Regional Universities North category. Princeton Review recognizes Pratt as being one of the best colleges in the northeast, making it among the top 25% of all four-year colleges and universities in the United States. Pratt Institute was founded in 1887 by American industrialist Charles Pratt, a successful businessman and oil tycoon and was one of the wealthiest men in the history of Brooklyn.
Pratt was an early pioneer of the oil industry in the United States and was the founder of Astral Oil Works based in the Greenpoint section of Brooklyn, a leader in replacing whale oil with petroleum or natural oil. In 1867, Pratt established Company. In 1874, Pratt's companies were purchased by John D. Rockefeller and became part of his Standard Oil trust while Pratt continued to run the companies himself. Pratt, an advocate of education, wanted to provide the opportunity for working men and women to better their lives through education. Though Pratt never had the opportunity to go to college himself, he wanted to create an affordable college accessible to the working class. In 1884, Pratt began purchasing parcels of land in his affluent home town of Clinton Hill for the intention of opening a school; the school would end up being built only two blocks from Charles Pratt's residence on Clinton Avenue. From his fortunes with Astral Oil and Charles Pratt and Company, in 1886 he endowed and founded Pratt Institute.
In May 1887, the New York State Legislature granted Charles Pratt a charter to open the school. Tuition was $4 per class per term; the college was one of the first in the country open to all people, regardless of class and gender. In the early years, the Institute's mission was to offer education to those who never had it offered to them before. Pratt sought to teach people skills that would allow them to be successful and work their way up the economic ladder. Many programs were tailored for the growing need to train industrial workers in the changing economy with training in design and engineering. Early programs sought to teach students a variety of subjects such as architectural engineering, mechanics and furniture making. Graduates of the school were taught to become engineers and technicians. Drawing, whether freehand, mechanical, or architectural, thought of as being a universal language, united such diverse programs and thus all programs in the school had a strong foundation in drawing.
In addition, the curriculum at the Institute was to be complemented by a large Liberal Arts curriculum. Students studied subjects such as history, mathematics and literature in order to better understand the world in which they will be working in, still used in Pratt's curriculum. Enrollment grew since inception. Six months after inception the school had an enrollment of nearly 600 students. By the first anniversary of the school there were 1,000 students in attendance. In five years time the school had nearly 4,000 students. In 1888 Scientific American said of the school that "it is undoubtedly the most important enterprise of its kind in this country, if not in the world". Andrew Carnegie visited Pratt for inspiration and used the school as a model in developing Carnegie Technical Schools, now Carnegie Mellon University. At the first Founders Day celebration in 1888, Charles Pratt addressed what would become the school's motto: "be true to your work and your work will be true to you" meaning that students should educate and develop themselves diligently and go out into the world working hard, giving all of themselves.
As public interest grew in the school and demand increased the school began adding new programs including the Pratt High School, Library School, Music Department, Department of Commerce. Because of the overwhelming popularity of the Department of Commerce, the department broke off from the main Institute and formed its own school, under the guidance of Norman P. Heffley, personal secretary to Charles Pratt; the Heffley School of Commerce, the former Pratt Department of Commerce having shared facilities with Pratt evolved into what is now Brooklyn Law School. In 1891, the Institute's founder and first president, Charles Pratt and his eldest son, Charles Millard Pratt, assumed responsibility of president for the school. In 1893, Charles Pratt's other son, Frederic B. Pratt, was elected President of Pratt Institute taking over from his elder brother; because Charles Pratt Snr. died so soon after the college was founded, Frederic Pratt is ascribed with guiding the college through its early decades.
Under the direction of Pratt's sons, the Institute was able to thrive both financially and critically with many new construction projects and courses. By 1892, the number of students enrolled was 3,900. In 1897 the most popular major for students was domestic arts. In 1896, the school opened its monumental Victorian-Renaissance Revival library with interiors designed by the Tiffany Decorating and Glass Company and sprawling gardens outs
Good Housekeeping is a women's magazine owned by the Hearst Corporation, featuring articles about women's interests, product testing by The Good Housekeeping Institute, recipes and health, as well as literary articles. It is well known for the "Good Housekeeping Seal", popularly known as the "Good Housekeeping Seal of Approval". On May 2, 1885, Clark W. Bryan founded Good Housekeeping in Holyoke, Massachusetts as a fortnightly magazine. In 1891, the magazine became a monthly publication; the magazine achieved a circulation of 300,000 by 1911, at which time it was bought by the Hearst Corporation. It topped one million in the mid-1920s, continued to rise during the Great Depression and its aftermath. In 1938, a year in which the magazine advertising dropped 22 percent, Good Housekeeping showed an operating profit of $2,583,202, more than three times the profit of Hearst's other eight magazines combined, the most profitable monthly of its time. Circulation topped 2,500,000 in 1943, 3,500,000 in the mid-1950s, 5,000,000 in 1962, 5,500,000 per month in 1966.
1959 profits were more than $11 million. Good Housekeeping is one of a group of women's service magazines. In 1922, the Hearst Corporation created a British edition along the same lines. Famous writers who have contributed to the magazine include Somerset Maugham, Edwin Markham, Edna St. Vincent Millay, Frances Parkinson Keyes, A. J. Cronin, Virginia Woolf, Evelyn Waugh. In 1900, the "Experiment Station", the predecessor to the Good Housekeeping Research Institute, was founded. In 1902, the magazine was calling this "An Inflexible Contract Between the Publisher and Each Subscriber." The formal opening of the headquarters of GHRI - the Model Kitchen, Testing Station for Household Devices, Domestic Science Laboratory - occurred in January 1910. In 1909, the magazine established the Good Housekeeping Seal of Approval. Products advertised in the magazine that bear the seal are tested by GHRI and are backed by a two-year limited warranty. About 5,000 products have been given the seal. In April 1912, a year after Hearst bought the magazine, Harvey W. Wiley, the first commissioner of the U.
S. Food and Drug Administration, became head of GHRI and a contributing editor whose "Question Box" feature ran for decades. Beginning with a "Beauty Clinic" in 1932, departments were added to the Institute, including a "Baby's Center", "Foods and Cookery", a "Needlework Room"; some functioned as testing laboratories. After the passage of the Food and Cosmetic Act in 1938, Assistant Secretary of Agriculture Rexford Tugwell sought to promote a government grading system; the Hearst Corporation opposed the policy in spirit, began publishing a monthly tabloid attacking federal oversight. In 1939, the Federal Trade Commission filed a complaint against Good Housekeeping for "misleading and deceptive" guarantees including its Seal of Approval, "exaggerated and false" claims in its advertisements; the publisher fought the proceedings for two years, during which time competing editors from the Ladies Home Journal and McCall's testified against Good Housekeeping. The FTC's ultimate ruling was against the magazine, forcing it to remove some claims and phraseology from its ad pages.
The words "Tested and Approved" were dropped from the Seal of Approval. But the magazine's popularity was unaffected rising in circulation and profitability. In 1962, the wording of the Seal was changed to a guarantee of "Product or Performance", while dropping its endorsement of rhetorical promises made by the advertisers. In its varying forms, the Seal of Approval became inextricably associated with the magazine, many others mimicked the practice. In 2012, the test kitchen of the Good Housekeeping Research Institute was implemented into a new instructional cooking and exercise TV show on the Cooking Channel, entitled Drop 5 lbs with Good Housekeeping. Good Housekeeping began to be published in the United Kingdom in 1922. William Randolph Hearst appointed Alice Maud Head as assistant editor. Head rose to be the Managing Director, as well as purportedly being the highest paid woman in Europe; as Hearst's deputy, Head would make decisions on his behalf about not just editing, but buying for him St Donat's Castle, expensive art objects, three giraffes for his zoo.
Head remained head until 1939. In Latin America, the magazine was known as Buenhogar and was published in the United States and Latin America by Editorial América. Clark W. Bryan James Eaton Tower William Frederick Bigelow Herbert Raymond Mayes Wade Hampton Nichols, Jr. John Mack Carter Ellen Levine Rosemary Ellis Jane Francisco Consumer Reports John Cecil Clay Nat Mags Official web sites: U. S. edition, including the Good Housekeeping Institute U. K. edition, including the Good Housekeeping Institute Indian edition Russian edition Official subscription site Spanish edition BuenHogar Online archive of the covers of many early issues Official website of the Drop 5 lbs with Good Housekeeping TV show on the Cooking ChannelFrom the Library of Congress: February 1926 issue Today in History: May 2, featuring Good HousekeepingGood Housekeeping at the HathiTrust
Reuben Tam was an American landscape painter, educator and graphic artist. He was born in Kapa'a on the Hawaiian island of Kaua'i on Jan. 17, 1916. He earned a BA degree from the University of Hawaii in 1937, studied at the California School of Fine Art, at Columbia University with Meyer Schapiro and at the New School of Social Research in New York City. From 1946 to the 1970s, he taught at the Brooklyn Museum Art School where his students included Frances Kornbluth and Jean Arcoleo, he spent many summers painting on Monhegan Island in Maine. Upon retirement in the 1970s, Tam died there on January 3, 1991 of lymphoma. Tam is best known for his semi-abstract landscapes showing both land and sea, such as From Cliffs to Evening; the Addison Gallery of American Art, the Brooklyn Museum of Art, the Butler Institute of American Art, the Corcoran Gallery, Des Moines Art Center, Farnsworth Art Museum, Fisher Gallery, the Hawaii State Art Museum, the Henry Art Gallery, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, the Honolulu Museum of Art, the Lowe Art Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, the National Academy of Design, the Newark Museum, Reading Public Museum, the San Diego Museum of Art, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the University of Michigan Museum of Art and the Whitney Museum of American Art are among the public collections holding works by Reuben Tam.
First National Prize at the Golden Gate International Exposition Guggenheim Fellowship American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters Award in Art Chang, Gordon H. Mark Dean Johnson, Paul J. Karlstrom & Sharon Spain, Asian American Art, a History, 1850-1970, Stanford University Press, ISBN 9780804757515, pp. 429–430 Department of Education, State of Hawaii. Artists of Hawaii. Honolulu: Department of Education, State of Hawaii. Pp. 47–54. OCLC 13099980. Forbes, David W.. Encounters with Paradise: Views of Hawaii and its People, 1778-1941. Honolulu: Honolulu Academy of Arts: University of Hawaii Press. Pp. 215–266. ISBN 9780824814465. OCLC 185823750. Haar, Francis. Artists of Hawaii. 2. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. Pp. 85–90. ISBN 9780824804671. OCLC 312830975, 18053919. Johnston, Healoha, "Islanding: Reuben Tam", Honolulu Museum of Art, June • July • Aug 2018, p. 5 Tam, Reuben. Archipelago, Life Cycle of the Hawaiian Islands, A Portfolio of Paintings. Honolulu, HI: Honolulu Academy of Arts.
ISBN 9780937426401. OCLC 43783972. Tam, Reuben. "Sketches". Bamboo Ridge: Journal of Hawai'i Literature and Arts: 32–138. ISSN 0733-0308. OCLC 61311690, 833909657. Tam, Reuben; the Wind-honed Islands Rise, Selected Poems of Reuben Tam. Honolulu, HI: Manoa Books. ISBN 9780824819323. OCLC 35714632. Yoshihara, Lisa A.. Collective Visions, 1967-1997. Honolulu, HI: Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts. P. 73. ASIN B001THP47M. OCLC 37890571
Better Homes and Gardens (magazine)
Better Homes and Gardens is the fourth best selling magazine in the United States. The editor in chief is Stephen Orr. Better Homes and Gardens focuses on interests regarding homes, gardening, healthy living and entertaining; the magazine is published 12 times per year by the Meredith Corporation. It was founded in 1922 by Edwin Meredith, the United States Secretary of Agriculture under Woodrow Wilson; the original name was Fruit and Home from 1922 to 1924. The name was changed in 1925 to Better Homes and Gardens. Better Homes and Gardens is one of a group of women's service magazines; the Meredith Corporation publishes a number of books on home economics and gardening under the BH&G brand, the best known of, the Better Homes and Gardens New Cook Book, colloquially known as the "Red Plaid" book. Now in its 15th edition, the Red Plaid was published in 1930. Meredith publishes the New Junior Cookbook for children learning to cook; the magazine's title was used by Meredith's real estate arm, sold and called GMAC Real Estate.
In October 2007, Meredith entered a 50-year licensing agreement with Realogy Corporation to license the Better Homes and Gardens name to Better Homes and Gardens Real Estate. The company is based in Parsippany, New Jersey, has offices across the country. Meredith's broadcasting division began producing the television program Better in the fall of 2007, a lifestyle show which has a mix of content from Meredith's various magazine titles, consumer advice and celebrity interviews; the program airs on stations owned by Meredith, Fisher and LIN TV groups. Some Meredith-owned stations produce their own local edition of Better; the brand offers a line of home decor products through a partnership with Home Interiors and Gifts, a company based on direct selling. An Australian edition is published, under licence, by Pacific Magazines and there is a television show which airs on the Seven Network; the Australian edition is the 6th best selling consumer magazine in Australia. The Australian edition has been publishing since July 1978.
Mad Magazine published a satire in 1958 titled "Bitter Homes and Gardens," including articles titled "They Built Their House on a Lot 22 Inches Wide". The magazine was spoofed in the 1970s as "Bitter Homes and Garbage", in a set of "Crazy Magazine Covers" produced by Fleer. In an episode of I Love Lucy, Lucy jokes about the magazine as, "Better Homes and Garbage" when she and Ethel redecorate Lucy's apartment. An episode of The Simpsons showed a brief shot of a magazine entitled Better Homes Than Yours. Better Homes and Gardens is mentioned in the song "I Save Cigarette Butts" by the American band P, consisting of Gibby Haynes of the Butthole Surfers, Johnny Depp, Sal Jenco, Bill Carter. In Little Shop of Horrors Audrey sings in "Somewhere That's Green" about how her dream house is a "picture out of Better Homes and Gardens magazine." In country recording artist Miranda Lambert's 2010 hit single titled "The House That Built Me", there is a verse that says, "Mama cut out pictures of houses for years from Better Homes and Gardens magazine".
The music video of the song Sliver by American grunge band Nirvana shows a short take of the magazine at second 00:42. Brandon Flowers mentions the magazine in the song "The Clock Was Tickin" from his 2010 album Flamingo. Chesla Sherlock Elmer T. Peterson Frank W. McDonough J. E. Ratner Hugh Curtis Bert Dieter James A. Riggs James Autry Gordon Greer David Jordan Jean LemMon Karol DeWulf Nickell Gayle Butler Stephen Orr Better Homes and Gardens Real Estate Official site Official site
Jon Whitcomb was an American illustrator. He was well known for his pictures of glamorous young women, he was born in Weatherford and grew up in Manitowoc, Wisconsin. He attended Ohio Wesleyan University and graduated from Ohio State University with a major in English, he is the brother of fashion designer and inventor Merry Hull. Whitcomb started drawing illustrations for student publications while a student at Ohio State, worked summers painting posters for a theater in Cleveland, Ohio. After he graduated, Jon found work making travel and theater posters and advertising illustrations. In 1934 he moved to New York City and joined with Al Cooper to found the Cooper Studio. Whitcomb was a pioneer in the switch from oil to gouache for illustrations; the different qualities of gouache compared to oil led to changes in the design of Whitcomb's illustrations. He zoomed in on people pretty, young city women, reduced the background to simple design elements, his new style of illustrations soon appeared in Collier's Weekly, Good Housekeeping and other magazines.
During World War II Whitcomb was commissioned a Lieutenant, Junior Grade in the United States Navy. After a variety of duties, he was assigned as a combat artist for the invasions of Tinian and Peleliu. After the war Whitcomb produced a series of articles and sketches about Hollywood stars for Cosmopolitan, called "On Location with Jon Whitcomb", he continued to produce story illustrations and covers for magazines, including McCall's and Playboy. He wrote some short stories, two children's books and Pom Pom's Christmas, a book on glamour, All About Girls, he was one of the founding faculty of the Famous Artists School. Jon Whitcomb biography - retrieved August 3, 2006 American Art Archives - Jon Whitcomb - retrieved August 3, 2006 The Rules of Attraction - Something Cool—The Cooper Studio-Al Parker Era at the Wayback Machine - retrieved via Wayback Machine 28 October 2011 Jon Whitcomb posters, hosted by the University of North Texas Libraries Digital Collections The Ohio State University Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum: Jon Whitcomb Collection guide
Stevan Dohanos was an artist and illustrator of the social realism school, best known for his Saturday Evening Post covers, responsible for several of the Don't Talk set of World War II propaganda posters. He named Edward Hopper as the greatest influences on his painting. Dohanos attended the Cleveland School of Art, he worked in fine art as well as in commercial art. He was a member of the Society of Illustrators, he was a founding faculty member of the Famous Artists School of Connecticut. Dohanos worked for the Section of Painting and Sculpture of the U. S. Treasury Department, painting several post office murals, including those for West Palm Beach and Charlotte Amelie, his first magazine illustrator was for McCall's in 1938. In the early 1940s, he moved to Westport, in 1942 he sold his first cover painting to The Saturday Evening Post. Dohanos went on to paint over 125 Post covers during the 1950s, he illustrated for Esquire and other magazines. In the 1960s he became chairman of the Citizens' Stamp Advisory Committee, which selected art to appear on United States postage stamps.
He selected art for over 300 postage stamps during the administration of seven Presidents of the United States and nine Postmaster Generals. In 1984, the Postal Service's Hall of Stamps in Washington was dedicated in his honor, his easel paintings and prints have been displayed in the Cleveland Museum of Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Dartmouth College. He was nationally known as an illustrator and magazine cover artist for his work appearing in The Saturday Evening Post, for which he created over 125 covers, he was a member of the Dutch Treat Club in New York City Barefoot Mailman The United States Air Force Art Collection - Brief biography of Stevan Dohanos - URL retrieved November 8, 2005 Another brief biography of Stevan Dohanos - URL retrieved December 22, 2005 American Realist - Stevan Dohanos at the Wayback Machine "Treasury Department Section of Painting and Sculpture" Delaney, Arthur A "Social realism in WPA-era post office murals", Stamps, ISSN 0038-9358, 02/1995, Volume 250, Issue 9, p. 8 Park, Democratic vistas: post offices and public art in the New Deal Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984.
ISBN 0-87722-348-3 Siboroski, Paul Michael The production of art under the treasury section of fine arts during the new deal: six murals in the West Palm Beach Post Office by Stevan Dohanos, Federal Art Project, 1988 Saturday Evening Post covers at the Wayback Machine Stevan Dohanos artwork can be viewed at American Art Archives web site Stevan Dohanos posters, hosted by the University of North Texas Libraries Digital Collections Stevan Dohanos tear sheets in the Charles Craver Collection at the Modern Graphic History Library "Award for Careless Talk", Stevan Dohanos Museum of Modern Art New Deal Art in Florida The Pop History Dig: The U. S. Post Office, features several Saturday Everning Post covers by Dohanos Society of Illustrators Hall of Fame inductee Stevan Dohanos StevanDohanos.com Gallery of Original Art by Stevan Dohanos