Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County is the largest natural and historical museum in the western United States. Its collections include nearly 35 million specimens and artifacts and cover 4.5 billion years of history. This large collection is comprised not only of specimens for exhibition, but of vast research collections housed on and offsite; the museum is an association of three Los Angeles area museums: The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, The Page Museum at The La Brea Tar Pits in Hancock Park and The William S. Hart Ranch and Museum in Newhall, Santa Clarita, California; the three museums work together to achieve their common mission: "to inspire wonder and responsibility for our natural and cultural worlds." NHM opened in Exposition Park, Los Angeles, United States in 1913 as The Museum of History and Art. The moving force behind it was a museum association founded in 1910, its distinctive main building, with fitted marble walls and domed and colonnaded rotunda, is on The National Register of Historic Places.
Additional wings opened in 1925, 1930, 1960, 1976. The museum was divided in 1961 into The Los Angeles County Museum of History and Science and The Los Angeles County Museum of Art. LACMA moved to new quarters on Wilshire Boulevard in 1965, the Museum of History and Science was renamed The Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History; the museum renamed itself again, becoming The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. In 2003, the museum began a campaign to transform its visitor experience; the museum reopened its seismically retrofitted renovated 1913 rotunda, along with the new Age of Mammals exhibition. In 2010, its Dinosaur Hall opened in July 2011. A new Los Angeles history exhibition, Becoming Los Angeles, opened in 2013; the outdoor Nature Gardens and Nature Lab, which explore L. A. wildlife opened in 2013. The museum maintains research and collections in the following fields: Annelida Anthropology and Archaeology Ethnology Crustacea Echinoderms Entomology Herpetology History Ichthyology Invertebrate paleontology Malacology Mammalogy Mineralogy Ornithology Vertebrate paleontologyThe museum has three floors of permanent exhibits.
Among the most popular museum displays are those devoted to animal habitats, pre-Columbian cultures, The Ralph M. Parsons Discovery Center and Insect Zoo, the new Nature Lab, which explores urban wildlife in Southern California; the museum's collections are strong in many fields, but the mineralogy and Pleistocene paleontology are the most esteemed, the latter thanks to the wealth of specimens collected from The La Brea Tar Pits. The museum has 30 million specimens representing marine zoology; these include one of the largest collections of marine mammal remains in the world, housed in a warehouse off site, which at over 5,000 specimens is second in size only to that of The Smithsonian. The museum's collection of historical documents is held in The Seaver Center for Western History Research; the museum hosts regular special exhibitions which advance its mission. Recent special exhibits have included Pterosaurs; the museum hosts a butterfly pavilion outside every spring and summer and a spider pavilion on the same site in the fall.
Over the years, the museum has built additions onto its original building. Dedicated when The Natural History Museum opened its doors in 1913, the rotunda is one of the museum's most elegant and popular spaces. Lined with marble columns and crowned by a stained glass dome, the room is the home of the first piece of public art funded by Los Angeles County, a Beaux Arts statue by Julia Bracken Wendt entitled Three Muses, or History and Art; this hall is among the most distinctive locales in Los Angeles and has been used as a filming location. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County official website William S. Hart Ranch and Museum George C. Page Museum at the La Brea Tar Pits Review of the Museum's new Dinosaur Hall at the New York Times, July 19, 2011Slide show of exhibit
Los Angeles County Superior Court
The Superior Court of Los Angeles County is the California superior court located in Los Angeles County. It is the largest single unified trial court in the United States; the Los Angeles County Superior Court operates 47 courthouses throughout the county. As of 2017, the Presiding Judge is Daniel Buckley. Sherri R. Carter is the Executive Officer/Clerk. With 5,400 employees and an annual budget of $850 million, the superior court operates nearly 600 courtrooms throughout the county; when California declared its statehood in 1849 and became a part of the United States, the first California Constitution authorized the legislature to establish municipal and such other courts as it deemed necessary. The 1851 California Judiciary Act divided the state into districts, placing Los Angeles, San Bernardino, San Diego counties into one district; each district had its own court, below which were county and justice of the peace courts. Judge Agustin Olvera of the Los Angeles County Court and Judge Jonathan R. Scott of the Los Angeles Justice of the Peace Court were the first judges of these lower courts.
The district court system was burdened by the vast expanse of the district. District judges were required to hold court proceedings; because of the distances district court judges had to travel to conduct trials and the sudden growth in population due to the California Gold Rush, the district court system became ineffective and non-responsive to the needs of its constituency. In 1879, California adopted a new constitution and with it a revised court system; the district courts became appeals courts below the State Supreme Court. To take over the district courts' original function, the county superior courts were created; the new Superior Court of Los Angeles County began with two judges: Ygnacio Sepulveda and Volney E. Howard. In 1905, juvenile delinquency and dependency hearings were put under the superior courts' jurisdiction, as were mental health hearing in 1914; the superior courts' jurisdiction came to include all civil, felony criminal, family law, juvenile delinquency and dependency, probate cases in its county.
Throughout its history, the superior court had had a close relationship with the county’s many municipal courts. By 1971, the superior court assumed responsibility for coordinating and scheduling court interpreters for all courts in the County and by 1973 the Court had implemented a countywide system to process the payment of court-appointed attorneys. By 1974, all jury services in the county had been consolidated. In 1986, county-wide uniform criminal Local Court rules and uniform exhibit processing procedures were adopted to ensure consistency in how criminal cases were handled through the court system. By 1988, the Municipal and Superior Courts began to cross-assign cases to ease the county’s judicial backlog. In 1993, the superior court adopted the municipal courts’ automated criminal case processing system. In 1993, the superior court was administratively unified with several of the municipal courts, and by 1999, seventeen more municipal courts had joined. On January 22, 2000, in accordance with Proposition 220 passed in 1998, the judges of the municipal and superior courts voted to merge into the Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles.
On November 14, 2012, Lee Smalley Edmon, presiding judge of the L. A. County Superior Court, announced the closing of ten courthouses, including those in Beverly Hills, West Los Angeles, Huntington Park, Whittier and San Pedro due to budget cuts; the Los Angeles Superior Court mission statement is "The Los Angeles Superior Court is dedicated to serving our community by providing equal access to justice through the fair and efficient resolution of all cases" Alhambra Courthouse, First Street and Commonwealth Avenue 626 841 1944 c Roberts Airport Courthouse, 105 and 405 freeway intersection Catalina Courthouse, Catalina Island, one part-time courtroom Bellflower Courthouse Beverly Hills Courthouse Burbank Courthouse Chatsworth Courthouse Compton Courthouse Downey Courthouse East Los Angeles Courthouse El Monte Courthouse Glendale Courthouse Governor George Deukmejian Courthouse, Long Beach Hollywood Courthouse Huntington Park Courthouse Inglewood Courthouse Long Beach Courthouse Malibu Courthouse Metropolitan Courthouse, Los Angeles Michael D. Antonovich Antelope Valley Courthouse, Lancaster Norwalk Courthouse Pasadena Courthouse Pomona Courthouse North Pomona Courthouse South Redondo Beach Courthouse San Fernando Courthouse San Pedro Courthouse San Pedro Courthouse Annex Santa Clarita Courthouse Santa Monica Courthouse Stanley Mosk Courthouse, Downtown Los Angeles, 100 courtrooms, largest courthouse in the United States Torrance Courthouse Van Nuys Courthouse East Van Nuys Courthouse West West Covina Courthouse West Los Angeles Courthouse Whittier Courthouse Alfred J. McCourtney Juvenile Justice Center, Lancaster Central Arraignment Court Central Civil West Courthouse Clara Shortridge Foltz Criminal Justice Center David V. Kenyon Juvenile Justice Center Eastlake Juvenile Court Edmund D. Edelman Children's Court, Monterey Park Inglewood Juvenile Courthouse Los Padrinos Juvenile Courthouse, Downey Mental Health Courthouse Sylmar Juvenile Courthouse The court uses the California Court Case Management System v3, exposes services to the public such as the Criminal Defendant Index, Civil Party Name Search, Civil Case Document Images, Traffic Ticket Online Services, e-File Small Claims, Divorce Judgment Documents.
The difference between CCMS and these other services is similar to the difference between the federal CM/ECF and PACER sys
Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department
With 18,000 employees, the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department the County of Los Angeles Sheriff's Department, is the nation's largest sheriff's department. The department's three main responsibilities entail providing patrol services for 153 unincorporated communities of Los Angeles County, California and 42 cities, providing courthouse security for the Superior Court of Los Angeles County, the housing and transportation of inmates within the county jail system. In addition, the department contracts with the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Authority and Metrolink, provides law enforcement services to ten community colleges, patrols over 177 county parks, golf courses, special event venues, two major lakes, 16 hospitals, over 300 county facilities; the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's transit division alone is the second largest transit police force in the world, aside from the New York City Police Department. This is through policing contracts of the Metro trains and buses of the Los Angeles Metro and Metrolink.
Furthermore, with policing contracts with nine campuses of the Los Angeles Community College and Lancaster Community College District, the LASD is the largest community policing agency in the United States. The Sheriff's Department's headquarters are located in downtown Los Angeles at the Los Angeles County Hall of Justice; the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department is the largest sheriff's department and the fourth largest local policing agency in the United States. There are 17,926 employees. There are 791 reserve deputies and 400 explorers. On December 1, 2014, Jim McDonnell took the oath of office and was sworn in as the 32nd Los Angeles County Sheriff. LASD deputies provided law enforcement services to over three million residents in an area of 3,171 square miles of the 4,083 square miles on the county, both in the unincorporated County land and within the 42 contract cities; the following are the LASD Divisions: Sheriff's Headquarters Undersheriff Sheriff's Information Bureau Legal Advisory Unit Constitutional Policy Advisors Community Outreach Strategic Communications Chief of Staff Legislative Unit Audit and Accountability Bureau Professional Standards & Training Division Advocacy Unit Internal Affairs Bureau Internal Criminal Investigations Bureau Risk Management Bureau Training Bureau Administrative & Professional Standards - includes: Administrative Services Division - includes: Contract Law Enforcement Bureau Facilities Planning Bureau Facilities Services Bureau Financial Programs Fiscal Administration Personnel Command Personnel Administration Bureau Psychological Services Bureau Bureau of Labor Relations & Compliance Technology & Support Division Communications & Fleet Management Bureau Data Systems Bureau Records & Identification Bureau Scientific Services Bureau Custody Operations - includes.
This includes staffing bailiffs, operating courthouse lock-ups, serving and enforcing civil and criminal process. Court Services provides these services for 48 courthouse locations throughout Los Angeles County, which include the following: Civil Management Bureau Court Services Central Court Services East Court Services West Court Services Transportation Bureau Special Operations Division Aero Bureau Special Enforcement Bureau - Special Enforcement Detail, Canine Services Detail, Emergency Services Detail Emergency Operations Bureau which includes: Industrial Relations Detail - maintains liaison between the business and labor communities; the Detail trains patrol personnel in the handling of labor disputes and picket lines. Arson Explosives Detail Hazardous Material Detail Transit Services Bureau Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Authority MetroLink Patrol Operations are divided amongst as follows: North Patrol Division - Lancaster, Malibu/Lost Hills, Santa Clarita Valley, West Hollywood.
South Patrol Division - Carson, Lakewood, Lomita and Pico Rivera. East Patrol Division - Altadena, Crescenta Valley, San Dimas and Walnut/Diamond Bar. Central Patrol Division - Avalon, Compton, Marina Del Rey, South Los Angeles. Detective Division - Contains the following.
The Ahmanson Theatre is one of the four main venues that comprise the Los Angeles Music Center. The theatre was built as a result of a donation from Howard F. Ahmanson, Sr, the founder of H. F. Ahmanson & Co. an insurance and savings and loans company. It was named for his second wife and philanthropist Caroline Leonetti Ahmanson. Construction began on March 9, 1962; the theatre's inaugural event was held on April 12, 1967, with the Los Angeles Civic Light Opera Association sponsoring the national cast production of Man of La Mancha, starring Richard Kiley and Joan Diener. The theatre was the U. S. premiere of More Stately Mansions starring Ingrid Bergman, Arthur Hill, Colleen Dewhurst, which opened September 12 of that same year. Since it has presented a wide variety of dramas, musicals and revivals of the classics, including six world premieres of Neil Simon plays and works by Wendy Wasserstein, August Wilson, A. R. Gurney, Terrence McNally, John Guare and Edward Albee; the Ahmanson has served in the capacity of co-producer for a number of Broadway productions, including Amadeus, Smokey Joe's Cafe, The Most Happy Fella, The Drowsy Chaperone.
It was home to the Los Angeles production of The Phantom of the Opera which ran at the theater from 1989 to 1993. It opened with Broadway Phantom Michael Crawford as the Phantom, he was replaced with actor Robert Guillaume, Then Davis Gaines. The Ahmanson has the largest theatrical season-ticket subscription base on the West Coast, its year-round season lasts through late summer. Throughout 1994, a major $17 million renovation moved the mezzanine and balcony closer to the stage, reduced the width of the auditorium, lowered the ceiling and improved the acoustics, which had long been criticized since the theater's opening, it allowed the theatre's seating capacity to be reconfigured from 1,600 seats for an intimate play to 2,084 for a major Broadway-sized musical. Designed by Ellerbe Beckett Architects and constructed by Robert F. Mahoney & Associates, the renovation took eighteen months to complete. During this time, the Ahmanson's season-ticket subscriptions were presented at the UCLA James A. Doolittle Theatre in Hollywood.
The Ahmanson reopened on January 25, 1995, with an 8 1⁄2-month-long run of Miss Saigon. The Ahmanson served as the world premiere venue for the following plays and musicals: The Happy Time – Book by N. Richard Nash, Music by John Kander Lyrics by Fred Ebb, Directed by Gower Champion Catch My Soul – Book by N. Richard Nash, Music by Ray Pohlman Lyrics by William Shakespeare Love Match – Book by Christian Hamilton, Music by David Shire Lyrics by Richard Maltby, Jr. Remote Asylum – written by Mart Crowley, starring William Shatner California Suite – written by Neil Simon Chapter Two – written by Neil Simon They're Playing Our Song – Book by Neil Simon, Music by Marvin Hamlisch, Lyrics by Carole Bayer Sager The West Side Waltz – written by Ernest Thompson, starring Katharine Hepburn and Dorothy Loudon Brighton Beach Memoirs – written by Neil Simon, starring Matthew Broderick A Sense of Humor – written by Ernest Thompson, starring Jack Lemmon, Estelle Parsons and Polly Holliday Biloxi Blues – written by Neil Simon, starring Matthew Broderick Legends!
– written by James Kirkwood, starring Mary Martin and Carol Channing Proposals – directed by Joe Mantello Curtains – Book by Rupert Holmes, Music by John Kander Lyrics by Fred Ebb, Directed by Scott Ellis Minsky's – Book by Bob Martin, Music by Charles Strouse and Lyrics by Susan Birkenhead
Descanso Gardens is a 150 acres botanical garden located in La Cañada Flintridge, Los Angeles County, California. The first Spanish governor of California deeded this land as part of a vast 36,000-acre rancho to Corporal Jose Maria Verdugo in 1784 for his loyal service; the property remained in the Verdugo family until 1869. In 1937, the property was purchased by E. Manchester Boddy, owner of The Los Angeles Illustrated Daily News, managed as a working ranch, he built a two-story mansion of 22 rooms, designed by Beverly Hills architect James E. Dolena, he purchased more than 400 acres north of the original property, the source of mountain streams that provide water for Descanso Gardens today. In 1942, when people of Japanese ancestry were forced into internment camps following the attack on Pearl Harbor, Boddy purchased up to 100,000 camellia plants from two Japanese- owned nurseries in the San Gabriel Valley run by his friends, the Uyematsu and Yoshimura families, he built his camellia collection – and his rose and lilac collections – assisted by horticulturist J. Howard Asper and hybridizer Dr. Walter E. Lammerts.
In 1953, Boddy relocated to San Diego County. Four years local volunteers formed the Descanso Gardens Guild, Inc. Now a 501 nonprofit organization, the Guild today manages all garden operations in a public/private partnership with Los Angeles County. Ancient Forest California Natives Camellia Forest Center Circle Japanese Garden Lilac Garden Nature’s Table Oak Forest Oak Woodland Rose Garden The Boddy House is the original 22-room mansion built by E. Manchester Boddy and designed by James Dolena in the Hollywood Regency style in 1937; the house is located in the far southeast corner of the property, overlooking the San Gabriel Mountains. In 2007, the Boddy House was rehabilitated for the 43rd annual Pasadena Showcase House of Design, decorated in a contemporary re-interpretation of its original Hollywood Regency style. Subsequently, a major grant from the Ahmanson Foundation enabled the addition of a museum-quality Heritage Exhibit, with exhibits about the gardens, Manchester Boddy's life and times, important donors and volunteers for the Descanso Gardens.
Executive Director David Brown led the 2007 rehabilitation of the Boddy House. The Sturt Haaga Gallery opened in the Fall of 2011; the gallery is named for the initial gift of $2.1 million from Heather Sturt Haaga and Paul G. Haaga, Jr. Other donations followed from private entities. Mr. Boddy's original garage houses two galleries; the facility was enhanced by the addition of a contemporary structure which doubled the size for exhibitions and with its 12 feet ceilings allowed larger single pieces of art, completing the rehabilitation of site buildings begun in 2007. The contemporary structure was designed by the architects Frederick Fisher & Partners and completed in 2011; the Gallery presents three exhibitions per year. The focus is on work by contemporary artists that portrays themes and subjects relevant to its setting in the Desconso Gardens; the first exhibit of 2014 included works by over 150 contemporary artists, some entered in a jury competition, others commissioned by the Gardens. The exhibition involved contemporary photographs of the Descanso Gardens in a video gallery, using the hashtag #Portraitsofthegarden to collect the photos from social media web sites Twitter and Instagram.
Western screech owl Great horned owl Bobcat Deer Wood duck Western pond turtle Red eared slider Embden goose Mallard duck Koi Great blue heron Official Descanso Gardens website
Government of Los Angeles County
The Government of Los Angeles County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, the Charter of the County of Los Angeles. Much of the Government of California is in practice the responsibility of county governments, such as the Government of Los Angeles County; the County government provides countywide services such as elections and voter registration, law enforcement, vital records, property records, tax collection, public health, health care, social services. In addition the County serves as the local government for all unincorporated areas, it is composed of the elected five-member Board of Supervisors, several other elected offices including the Sheriff, District Attorney, Assessor, numerous county departments and entities under the supervision of the chief executive officer. Some chartered cities such as Los Angeles and Inglewood provide municipal services such as police, libraries and recreation, zoning. Other cities arrange to have the County provide all of these services under contract.
In addition, several entities of the government of California have jurisdiction coterminous with Los Angeles County, such as the Los Angeles Superior Court Los Angeles County is the most populous county in the United States, the largest municipal government in the nation. If the County were a state, it would be the 9th most populous state in the United States, in between Georgia and North Carolina; the County has an annual budget of over $28.2 billion, equal to combined budgets of Indiana and Delaware. The county government employs over 100,000 people, making it larger than the government workforces of most US states. Under its foundational Charter, the five-member elected Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors is the county legislature; the board operates in a legislative and quasi-judicial capacity. As a legislative authority, it can pass ordinances for the unincorporated areas; as an executive body, it can tell the county departments what to do, how to do it. As a quasi-judicial body, the Board is the final venue of appeal in the local planning process, holds public hearings on various agenda items.
These were the board members as of 5 December 2016: Hilda Solis, district 1 Mark Ridley-Thomas, district 2 Sheila Kuehl, district 3 Janice Hahn, district 4 Kathryn Barger, district 5A local nickname sometimes used for the board is the "five little kings." In addition to the board of supervisors, there are several elected officers that form the Government of Los Angeles County that are required by the California Constitution and California law and authorized under the Charter. The Los Angeles County Sheriff provides general-service law enforcement to unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County, serving as the equivalent of the county police for unincorporated areas of the county as well as incorporated cities within the county that have contracted with the agency for law enforcement. Of the 88 cities in Los Angeles County, 40 are just such "contract cities," in an arrangement pioneered in 1954 by the city of Lakewood and known as the Lakewood Plan; the Los Angeles County District Attorney prosecutes all felony crimes that occur anywhere within Los Angeles County, any misdemeanor crimes that occur within the unincorporated areas of the county, for any city that has abdicated this responsibility to the county.
The City of Los Angeles, for example, has its own city attorney to handle most misdemeanor crimes and infractions the occurred within the City of Los Angeles. The Los Angeles County Assessor is the assessor responsible for discovering all taxable property in Los Angeles County except for state-assessed property and inventorying and listing all the taxable property, valuing the property, enrolling the property on the local assessment roll; the Chief Executive Officer known the chief administrative officer, assists the board of supervisors in handling the mounting administrative details of the county and coordinating between departments. From 2007 to 2015, the CEO had direct supervision over 31 of the 37 departments while the other departments did not report to the CEO. Prior to 2007 and from 2015 and following, the CEO provides an strategic coordination and support role. Departments submit recommendations and action items directly to the Board offices without CEO input required, are fired and hired directly by the board, with the CEO providing administrative support in negotiating department head salaries and facilitating communications between departments when necessary.
Board offices felt that the CEO added bureaucracy and that the additional deputy and assistant CEOs added little value. Other tasks given to the CEO include preparation and control of the annual budget in consultation with departments, providing leadership and direction for Board-sponsored initiatives and priorities and advocacy of state and federal legislation; the CEO's office administers the risk management and insurance programs, facilitates departments addressing unincorporated area issues and international protocol issues, manages the County's employee relations program and compensation/classification systems, represents the board in labor negotiations, monitors cable television com
The Hollywood Bowl is an amphitheater in the Hollywood Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. It was named one of the 10 best live music venues in America by Rolling Stone Magazine in 2018; the Hollywood Bowl is known for its band shell, a distinctive set of concentric arches that graced the site from 1929 through 2003, before being replaced with a larger one beginning in the 2004 season. The shell is set against the backdrop of the Hollywood Hills and the famous Hollywood Sign to the northeast; the "bowl" refers to the shape of the concave hillside. The Bowl is owned by the County of Los Angeles and is the home of the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra, the summer home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the host venue to hundreds of musical events each year, it is located at 2301 North Highland Avenue, west of the French Village, north of Hollywood Boulevard and the Hollywood/Highland subway station, south of Route 101. The site of the Hollywood Bowl was chosen in 1919 by William Reed and his son H. Ellis Reed, who were dispatched to find a suitable location for outdoor performances by the members of the newly formed Theatre Arts Alliance headed by Christine Wetherill Stevenson.
The Reeds selected a natural amphitheater, a shaded canyon and popular picnic spot known as'Daisy Dell' in Bolton Canyon, chosen for its natural acoustics and its proximity to downtown Hollywood. The Community Park and Art Association headed by F. W. Blanchard, was the first organization to begin the building the Bowl. One of the earliest performances at the Bowl was Hollywood High School’s Performance of Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night; the Women’s World Peace Concert was held on November 11, 1921. On November 11, 1921 the first Sunrise Service took place at the bowl, in one of its first major events. With the building of the first actual stage, consisting of little more than wooden platforms in and canvas, The Bowl opened on July 11, 1922; the Bowl began as a community space rather than a owned establishment. Proceeds from the early events at the Bowl went to financing the construction of new elements of the bowl such as a stage and seating in 1922 and 1923 respectively. In 1924, a backdrop to the stage was added.
During the early years of the Bowl’s existence, concert tickets were kept at the lowest available price of 25 cents using the slogan popular prices will prevail, coined by F. W. Blanchard. While serving as the venue for concerts by the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Bowl served as a community space, being used for Easter services, the Hollywood Community Chorus, as well as Young Artists Nights where younger musicians could perform well known classical music. Children were invited to perform at community events with the Los Angeles Philharmonic and the Hollywood Community Chorus, beginning with Sibelius’ Finlandia in 1921; the Bowl was home to much more than western music, hosting a variety of Native American tribal events, as well as international music ensembles. In 1924, the land was deeded to the County of Los Angeles. Many of the key influential figures in the founding of the Hollywood Bowl were women, most notably the pianist Artie Mason Carter, whose connections with the Los Angeles arts patrons were vital in the early days of the Bowls existence.
Christine Wetherill Stevenson and Marie Rankin Clarke, who both donated $21,000 to purchase the land on which the bowl was built. E. J. Wakeman, Leiland Atherton Irish, Harriet Clay Penman, composers Gertrude Ross and Carrie Jacobs Bond all contributed to the Bowl through fundraising drives. Lloyd Wright designed the third band shells; the original 1926 shell, designed by the Allied Architects group, was considered unacceptable both visually and acoustically. Wright's 1927 shell had a pyramidal shape and a design reminiscent of southwest American Indian architecture, its acoustics were regarded as the best of any shell in Bowl history. But its appearance was considered too avant-garde, or only ugly, it was demolished at the end of the season, his 1928 wooden shell had the now-familiar concentric ring motif, covered a 120-degree arc, was designed to be dismantled. It was neglected and ruined by water damage. For the 1929 season, the Allied Architects built the shell that stood until 2003, using a transite skin over a metal frame.
Its acoustics, though not nearly as good as those of the Lloyd Wright shells, were deemed satisfactory at first, its clean lines and white, semicircular arches were copied for music shells elsewhere. As the acoustics deteriorated, various measures were used to mitigate the problems, starting in the 1970s with an inner shell made from large cardboard tubes, which were replaced in the early 1980s by large fiberglass spheres that remained until 2003; these dampened out the unfavorable acoustics, but required massive use of electronic amplification to reach the full audience since the background noise level had risen since the 1920s. The appearance underwent other, purely visual, changes as well, including the addition of a broad outer arch where it had once had only a narrow rim, a reflecting pool in front of the stage that lasted from 1953 till 1972. Sculptor George Stanley, designer of the Oscar statuette, designed the Muse Fountain which has stood outside the Hollywood Bowl's main entrance since 1940.
Shortly after the end of the 2003 summer season the 1929 shell was replaced with a new, somewhat larger, acoustically improved shell, which had its debut in the 2004 summer season. Preservationists fiercely opposed the demolition for many years; however when it was built, the 1929 shell was (at least aco