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Los Angeles County Department of Medical Examiner-Coroner

The Los Angeles County Department of Medical Examiner-Coroner was created in its present form in Boyle Heights on December 7, 1990 by an ordinance approved by the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, although it has existed in some form since the late 19th century. On September 3, 2013, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors approved the name change for the department, from the Department of the Coroner to the Department of Medical Examiner-Coroner. On July 9, 2013, the Board of Supervisors approved the appointment of Mark A. Fajardo, the Chief Forensic Pathologist at Riverside County, as the new Medical Examiner-Coroner, at an annual salary of $275,000, he formally replaced Lakshmanan Sathyavagiswaran, who served 21 years as the Coroner, in August 2013. Dr. Mark Fajardo resigned in March 2016. A news report indicated that "he left because it became common to have up to 50 bodies waiting to be processed and the backlog of bodies was'nuts'.... and toxicology tests were taking six months to complete" due to inadequate staffing.

Lakshmanan Sathyavagiswaran was re-appointed, but as interim coroner, on April 11, 2016. As of December 30, 2016, the position of Chief Medical Examiner-Coroner had not been permanently filled. A search process had been initiated by the county, with Ralph Andersen & Associates working "to develop a customized recruitment brochure for this position". Dr. Jonathan R. Lucas was appointed as the Chief Medical Examiner-Coroner on July 10, 2017. Theodore Curphey: March 19, 1957 – October 25, 1967 Thomas Noguchi: October 26, 1967 – April 27, 1982 Ronald Kornblum: April 27, 1982 – July 1, 1990 J. Lawrence Cogan: July 2, 1990 – February 18, 1992 Lakshmanan Sathyavagiswaran: February 18, 1992 – March 31, 2013 Mark A. Fajardo: August 12, 2013 – April 11, 2016 Lakshmanan Sathyavagiswaran: April 11, 2016 – January 18, 2017 Christopher Rogers: January 19, 2017 – July 9, 2017 Jonathan R. Lucas: July 10, 2017 – present Los Angeles portal Official website

Northern Group of Forces

The Northern Group of Forces was the military formation of the Soviet Army stationed in Poland from the end of Second World War in 1945 until 1993 when they were withdrawn in the aftermath of the fall of the Soviet Union. Although considered Polish allies under the Warsaw Pact treaty, they were seen by most Poles as a Soviet occupation force. Soviet forces entered Poland as they were advancing towards Nazi Germany in the course of the Red Army's Operation Bagration in the summer of 1944. Following the Vistula-Oder Offensive in early 1945, all of Poland was cleared from Nazi occupation by Soviet forces. While formal Polish sovereignty was immediately restored, the territory of Poland fell under de facto Soviet control as the Soviet military and security forces acted to ensure that Poland would be ruled by the Soviet-installed communist puppet government of Poland; as the war ended, the structure of the Soviet military was reorganized from a war-time to a peace-time mode. Directive No. 11097 of 10 June 1945 created several new formations, known as Groups of Forces, equivalent to military districts, but used for command and administration of Soviet forces outside the Soviet Union itself.

One of those new formations, at that time 300,000-400,000 strong, was to be stationed in Poland. It was based on the 2nd Belorussian Front of General Konstantin Rokossovsky. With the exception of Szczecin, which fell under the operational territory of the Western Group of Forces, the Northern Group of Forces was located within the territory of Poland; the Polish communist government, which owed its existence to the Soviets, signed several agreements with the Soviet Union regulating the status and purpose of the Soviet troops. In the early years, the Soviet forces aided the Polish communists in establishing their government and combating anti-communist resistance, such as the Polish cursed soldiers or the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. Another major task of the Northern Group was to organize and transport war reparations from the former eastern territories of Germany attached to Poland after World War II to the Soviet Union; these actions involving the complete stripping down of industrial facilities, sometimes took place in traditionally Polish territories.

This caused tensions between the Soviets and the Polish government, which intended to use the resources of those territories to rebuild Poland. By 1949 the Soviet Union had concluded twenty-year bilateral treaties of friendship and mutual assistance with Poland and several other countries, which granted the Soviet Union rights to a continued military presence on their territory; the Polish government, had no operational control over the Soviet forces. On December 17, 1956, as one of the agreements of the Polish October period, the Polish and Soviet governments signed the dedicated treaty that would fully regulate the Soviet military presence in Poland, the "Agreement on Legal Status of Soviet Troops Temporarily Stationed in Poland". According to the 1956 treaty, the Soviet military in Poland was limited to 66,000 troops, although the Soviets never disclosed the actual number of personnel of the Northern Group to the Polish government, the Polish government had no right to inspect the Soviet bases.

The treaty limited the number of Soviet bases in Poland to 39, while the actual number of bases reached 79. The Soviets installed nuclear weapons in Poland, without informing the Polish government of that fact; the treaty's name declared the Soviet military presence to be temporary, while in fact the treaty did not contain any limitations to the duration of their stay, nor any provisions on their withdrawal. Until the 1956 agreement, the Soviet troops stationed in Poland were seen by some Poles as occupying Polish territory; the issue of Polish-Soviet military cooperation was further regulated the next year, in the 1965 Polish-Soviet friendship treaty that reflected the Soviet domination of Polish military policy. The Northern Group of Forces had several objectives. With the beginning of the Cold War, it was to act, together with other Groups of Forces, as a counterpart to the Western Allies forces in Europe. In that regard it represented part of the Warsaw Pact forces, countering the NATO troops.

Its second objective was much less stressed in public Soviet sources, but nonetheless crucial: it was to ensure the loyalty of the Polish communist government, its Polish People's Army. Soviet forces were mobilized and advanced on Warsaw during Polish October in 1956, there were threats that they could be used before the martial law in Poland was introduced to stem the progress of the Solidarity movement in 1980. All of the objectives of the Northern Group were shared with the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany in the German Democratic Republic and to a lesser extent with the two Groups with a shorter history: the Central Group of Forces in Czechoslovakia and the Southern Group of Forces in Hungary and Romania; the presence of Soviet forces on Polish territory caused several problems, in addition to the war reparations issue

Frontal lobe injury

}</rften score within normal. Close relatives of these same patients, may describe substantial memory problems; the disparity occurs because it is not the memory system itself, affected, but the functions of the frontal lobe that facilitate working memory. Working memory is involved with the ability to hold attention. An increase in impulsivity, risk taking or both is seen in individuals following frontal lobe damage; the two related terms differ in that impulsivity is a response disinhibition, while risk taking is related to the reward-based aspects of decision-making. Put more an impulsive person will make a decision without considering the consequences, leading to a lack of self-control. Contrarily, risk takers will look at the consequences but not weigh them; the increase of risk taking amongst damaged frontal lobe patients can be directly observed during gambling, gambling tasks have been developed to measure such behavior. Before more advanced technology came about, scientists tested individual behavior using more low-tech means.

As technology progressed, so did the tests scientists administer to evaluate a person's cognitive function. In testing the behavioral effects of a frontal lobe injury, many of the tests are still simple and do not involve advanced technology; this test has an inverse relationship between the probability of obtaining a reward and the value of the reward itself. Thus, actual gambling skills are not being tested, but the preference for high reward despite the risks. In one of the ways to carry this out, a set of cards will be presented face down to the individual being tested. Cards will be continuously removed from the pile and added back in randomly, during which time the winning card could be anywhere. Subjects being tested are told they can stop the process at any time and have the cards flipped over; the catch, however, is. Risk takers are those that go for the higher reward though they are less to receive that reward, they choose a higher, less award, over a lower, more probable reward. Subjects that have experienced a frontal lobe injury show just such behavior.

The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test can be used in conjunction with other tests to speculate to possible dysfunction of the prefrontal cortex, the front-most area of the frontal lobe, that plays an important role in executive functioning. However, since the age of modern medicine and brain imaging, the WCST has been proven to be inaccurate and inconclusive in diagnosing frontal lobe damage; the WCST test is supposed to measure an individual's competence in abstract reasoning, the ability to change problem-solving strategies when needed. A saccade is a fast movement of the eyes in a certain direction. In the most simplistic form, there are two types of saccade tests administered in which the only requirement is movement of the eye: the prosaccade and the antisaccade. In the prosaccade, participants are required to look toward a point in response to some attention-catching cue, such as a flashing light; because there are powerful evolutionary forces that work to automatically focus attention toward prepotent stimuli, this type of test does not call upon an individual’s executive control.

Conversely, the antisaccade test requires not only ignoring the flashing cue, but looking in the opposite direction. This task calls for inhibition of a prepotent response as well as planning and executing an eye movement that contradicts instinct. In the anti-saccade test, an individual has to set the goal of ignoring these instincts and continue to ‘’maintain’’ this goal; those with frontal lobe injuries show lower working memory, therefore do not test well in the antisaccade test. While impulsivity and risk-taking behavior are both observed following a frontal lobe injury, such traits are hard to evaluate and quantify without some degree of subjectivity; the definitions of these traits are themselves not straightforward, nor are they always agreed upon. As a result, the methods to measure such behaviors differ, this should be taken into consideration when comparing data/results from different sources; because of this, caution should be taken in. It is important to remember that a single test, such as the WCST, cannot be used to measure the effects of a frontal lobe injury, or the aspects of cognitive function it may affect, such as working memory.

A subject show dysfunction in executive function overall. Test results can be made misleading after testing the same individual over a long period of time; the subject may get better at a task, but not because of an improvement in executive cognitive function. He/she may have learned some strategies for doing this particular task that made it no longer a good measurement tool.<citation needed> Patients with damaged frontal lobes complain of minimal to substantial memory loss though when

Specific absorption rate

Specific Absorption Rate is a measure of the rate at which energy is absorbed by the human body when exposed to a radio frequency electromagnetic field. It can refer to absorption of other forms of energy by tissue, including ultrasound, it has units of watts per kilogram. SAR is averaged either over the whole body, or over a small sample volume; the value cited is the maximum level measured in the body part studied over the stated volume or mass. SAR for electromagnetic energy can be calculated from the electric field within the tissue as: SAR = 1 V ∫ sample σ | E | 2 ρ d r where σ is the sample electrical conductivity E is the RMS electric field ρ is the sample density V is the volume of the sampleSAR measures exposure to fields between 100 kHz and 10 GHz, it is used to measure power absorbed from mobile phones and during MRI scans. The value will depend on the geometry of the part of the body, exposed to the RF energy, on the exact location and geometry of the RF source, thus tests must be made with each specific source, such as a mobile phone model, at the intended position of use.

When measuring the SAR due to a mobile phone the phone is placed against a representation of a human head in a talk position. The SAR value is measured at the location that has the highest absorption rate in the entire head, which in the case of a mobile phone is as close to the phone's antenna as possible. Measurements are made for different positions on both sides of the head and at different frequencies representing the frequency bands at which the device can transmit. Depending on the size and capabilities of the phone, additional testing may be required to represent usage of the device while placed close to the user's body and/or extremities. Various governments have defined maximum SAR levels for RF energy emitted by mobile devices: United States: the FCC requires that phones sold have a SAR level at or below 1.6 watts per kilogram taken over the volume containing a mass of 1 gram of tissue, absorbing the most signal. European Union: CENELEC specify SAR limits within the EU, following IEC standards.

For mobile phones, other such hand-held devices, the SAR limit is 2 W/kg averaged over the 10 g of tissue absorbing the most signal. India: switched from the EU limits to the US limits for mobile handsets in 2012. Unlike the US, India will not rely on SAR measurements provided by manufacturers. All handsets must have a hands free mode. SAR values are dependent on the size of the averaging volume. Without information about the averaging volume used, comparisons between different measurements cannot be made. Thus, the European 10-gram ratings should be compared among themselves, the American 1-gram ratings should only be compared among themselves. To check SAR on your mobile phone, review the documentation provided with the phone, dial *#07# or visit the manufacturer's website. For Magnetic Resonance Imaging the limits are more complicated: Note: Averaging time of 6 minutes. Local SAR is determined over the mass of 10 g; the limit scales dynamically with the ratio "exposed patient mass / patient mass": NORMAL OPERATING MODE: Partial body SAR = 10 W/kg – FIRST LEVEL CONTROLLED OPERATING MODE: Partial body SAR = 10 W/kg – In cases where the orbit is in the field of a small local RF transmit coil, care should be taken to ensure that the temperature rise is limited to 1 °C.

SAR limits set by law do not consider that the human body is sensitive to the power peaks or frequencies responsible for the microwave hearing effect. Frey reports that the microwave hearing effect occurs with average power density exposures of 400 μW/cm2, well below SAR limits. Notes: In comparison to the short term intensive exposures described above, for long term environmental exposure of the general public there is a limit of 0.08 W/kg averaged over the whole body. A whole-body average SAR of 0.4 W/kg has been chosen as the restriction that provides adequate protection for occupational exposure. An additional safety factor of 5 is introduced for exposure of the public, giving an average whole-body SAR limit of 0.08 W/kg. The FCC Guide, "Specific Absorption Rate For Cell Phones: What It Means For You," after detailing the limitations of SAR values, offers the following "bottom line" editorial: "ALL cell phones must meet the FCC’s RF exposure standard, set at a level well below that at which laboratory testing indicates, medical and biological experts agree, adverse health effects could occur.

For users who are concerned with the adequacy of this standard or who otherwise wish to further reduce their exposure, the most effective means to reduce exposure a

You Come and Go Like a Pop Song

You Come and Go Like a Pop Song is an album by The Bicycle Thief, released in 1999 and re-released with a different track listing in 2001. The Bicycle Thief's main song writing is done by frontman Bob Forrest, singer for LA band Thelonious Monster and occasional collaborator Red Hot Chili Peppers guitarist John Frusciante. Forrest is briefly. Josh Klinghoffer plays a major role, contributing drums, guitars and songwriting to the album. Frusciante appears on "Cereal Song" as a guitarist. Additional musicians and producers for the album include Josh Blum, Kevin Fitzgerald, Marc Hunter. Bob is now streaming at www.indie1031.com, as well as a drug counselor in California. The album's title may have come from a lyric in Ani DiFranco's song "Gratitude": "But I don't come and go like a pop song/that you can play incessantly and forget when it's gone." "Hurt" - 2:48 "Tennis Shoes" - 3:15 "Rainin'" - 3:40 "Aspirations" - 4:25 "Max, Jill Called" - 3:07 "Off Street Parking" - 4:17 "L. A. Country Hometown Blues" - 4:30 "MacArthur Park Revisited" - 3:26 "Everyone Asks" - 4:41 "It's Alright" - 4:01 "Rhonda Meets the Birdman" - 0:17 "Cereal Song" - 4:29 "Boy at a Bus Stop" - 2:35 For the 2001 re-release of the album, the track listing was changed, the tracks "It's Alright" and "Rhonda Meets the Birdman" were replaced with "Song for a Kevin Spacey Movie" and "Trust Fund Girl", "Aspirations" was renamed to "Stoned".

"Song for a Kevin Spacey Movie" - 3:04 "Stoned" - 4:25 "Max, Jill Called" - 3:07 "Tennis Shoes" - 3:15 "Off Street Parking" - 4:17 "L. A. Country Hometown Blues" - 4:30 "Hurt" - 2:48 "Rainin'" - 3:40 "Everyone Asks" - 4:41 "Trust Fund Girl" - 4:13 "MacArthur Park Revisited" - 3:26 "Cereal Song" - 4:29 "Boy at a Bus Stop" - 2:35 Bob Forrest - vocals Josh Klinghoffer - guitar, vocals, Rhodes piano, Wurlitzer electric piano, Dobro resonator guitar, lap steel guitar, cello bass Josh Blum - bass, Wurlitzer electric piano, keyboard Kevin Fitzgerald - drums Anna Waronker - vocals Marc Hutner - guitar Nina - cello John Frusciante - guitar solo "Stoned" was released as a single in 2001 around the same time as the re-release of the album. "Stoned" - 3:13 "You Won't Be Missed" - 4:23 "It's Alright" - 3:59

Jamini Roy

Jamini Roy was an Indian painter. He was honoured with the State award of Padma Bhushan in 1954, he was one of the most famous pupils of Rabindranath Tagore, whose artistic originality and contribution to the emergence of modern art in India remains unquestionable. Jamini Roy was born on 14 April 1887 into a moderately prosperous Kayastha family of land-owners in Beliatore village of the Bankura district, West Bengal, he was raised in an average middle-class, art loving household which influenced his future decisions. When he was sixteen he was sent to study at the Government College of Kolkata. Abanindranath Tagore, the founder of Bengal school was vice principal at the institution, he was taught to paint in the prevailing academic tradition drawing Classical nudes and painting in oils and in 1908 he received his Diploma in Fine Art. However, he soon realised that he needed to draw inspiration, not from Western traditions, but from his own culture, so he looked to the living folk and tribal art for inspiration.

He was most influenced by the Kalighat Pat, a style of art with bold sweeping brush-strokes. He moved away from his earlier impressionist landscapes and portraits and between 1921 and 1924 began his first period of experimentation with the Santhal dance as his starting point. Jamini Roy had 1 daughter. Roy began his career as a commissioned portrait painter. Somewhat abruptly in the early 1920s, he gave up commissioned portrait painting in an effort to discover his own. Roy changed style from his academic Western training and featured a new style based on Bengali folk traditions. Roy is described as an art machine because he produced 20,000 paintings in his lifetime, about 10 paintings daily but made sure his artistic aims remained the same, he always targeted to the ordinary middle class as the upholder of art however he was thronged by the rich. Keeping his respect to the middle class reflected on his critical views, his underlying quest was threefold: to capture the essence of simplicity embodied in the life of the folk people.

Jamini Roy's paintings were put on exhibition for the first time in the British India Street of Calcutta in 1938. During the 1940s, his popularity touched new highs, with the Bengali middle class and the European community becoming his main clientele. In 1946, his work was exhibited in the New York City, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1954. His work has been exhibited extensively in international exhibitions and can be found in many private and public collections such as the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, he spent most of his life working in Calcutta. He experimented with Kalighat paintings but found that it has ceased to be a "patua" and went to learn from village patuas, his techniques as well as subject matter was influenced by traditional art of Bengal. He preferred himself to be called a patua. Jamini Roy died in 1972, he was survived by a daughter. His successors stay at the home he had built in Ballygunge Place, Kolkata, his works can be found in various galleries across the globe.

In 1934, he received a Viceroy's gold medal in an all India exhibition for one of his work. In 1955 he was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India, the third highest award a civilian can be given. In 1955, he was made the first Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi, the highest honour in the fine arts conferred by the Lalit Kala Akademi, India's National Academy of Art, Government of India. In 1976, the Archaeological Survey of India, Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India declared his works among the "Nine Masters" whose work, to be henceforth considered "to be art treasures, having regard to their artistic and aesthetic value". On 11 April 2017 Google India dedicated a Google Doodle to celebrate Roy on his 130th birthday. In 1929 while inaugurating Roy's exhibition sponsored by Mukul Dey at Calcutta, the Statesman Editor Sir Alfred Watson said: "... Those who study the various pictures will be able to trace the development of the mind of an artist seeking his own mode of expression, his earlier work done under purely Western influence and consisting of small copies of larger works must be regarded as the exercises of one learning to use the tools of his craft competently and never quite at ease with his models.

From this phase we see him breaking away to a style of his own. You must judge for yourselves how far Mr. Roy has been able to achieve the ends at which he is aiming, his work will repay study. I see in it as I see in much of the painting in India today a real endeavour to recover a national art that shall be free from the sophisticated tradition of other countries, which have had a continuous art history; the work of those who are endeavouring to revive Indian art is not appreciated in its true significance. It is sometimes assumed that revival means no more than a return to the methods and traditions of the past; that would be to create a school of copyists without visions and ideals of their own.... Art in any form cannot progress without encouragement; the artist must live and he must live by the sale of his work. In India as elsewhere the days when the churches and the princes were the patrons of art have passed. Encouragement today must come from a wider circle. I would say to those. You may obtain some things of little worth.