LAC+USC Medical Center
Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center known as County/USC, or by the abbreviation LAC+USC, is a 600-bed public teaching hospital located at 2051 Marengo Street in the Boyle Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. LAC+USC Medical Center is operated by the County of Los Angeles; the LAC+USC doctors are faculty of the Keck School of Medicine of USC. Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center is one of the largest public hospitals and medical training centers in the United States, the largest single provider of healthcare in Los Angeles County, it provides healthcare services for the region's medically underserved, is a Level I trauma center and treats over 28 percent of the region's trauma victims. It provides care for half of all sickle-cell anemia patients and those people living with AIDS in Southern California; the LAC+USC Medical Center provides a full spectrum of emergency and outpatient services to only Medi-Cal recipients. These include medical, emergency/trauma, obstetrical and pediatric services as well as psychiatric services for adults and children.
LAC+USC is one of the busiest public hospitals in the Western United States, with nearly 39,000 inpatients discharged, one million ambulatory care patient visits each year. The Emergency Department is one of the world's busiest, with more than 150,000 visits per year. LAC+USC operates one of only three burn centers in Los Angeles County and one of the few Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Southern California. LAC+USC is the home of the Los Angeles County College of Nursing and Allied Health, which has prepared registered nurses for professional practice since its founding in 1895. LAC+USC serves as the host facility for the U. S. Navy's Trauma Training Center, allowing uniformed medical professionals valuable exposure to trauma cases that prepare them to treat battlefield injury on the front lines with the United States Marine Corps, at sea with the Navy, or ashore at Fleet Hospitals and Shock Trauma Platoons. In 2013, American Cancer Society awarded LAC+USC with the Harold P. Freeman Award in recognition of the hospital's achievements to reduce cancer disparities among medically underserved populations.
The original hospital, located at 1200 State Street, opened in 1923. Its art-deco construction had 800 patient beds; the 1994 Northridge earthquake on January 17, 1994 renewed concerns about building safety codes, those for hospitals. The California Hospital Seismic Safety Law was signed into law on September 21, 1994; the new law took the 1200 State Street building out of compliance of earthquake and fire safety codes. To address the problem, a new modern facility was proposed and constructed nearby, at 2051 Marengo Street. Designed by a joint venture of HOK and LBL Associated Architects, the new $1 billion hospital consists of three linked buildings: a clinic tower, a diagnostic and treatment tower, an inpatient tower, in total supporting 600 patient beds; the new facility has a larger number of intensive care beds to handle patients in the aftermath of disasters. The new facility was ready by 2008, on November 8 of that year, the new hospital was opened. Transfer of all inpatients from Women's and Children's Hospital and the 1200 State Street building made the retirement of the original hospital complex official.
The old building at 1200 State Street still stands. The Wellness Center, on the first floor of the old building, was opened in 2014, it is open to the public and includes offices for nonprofit organizations, community outreach and classes for wellness activities, a dance studio, a small YMCA on State Street, extensive new landscaping. While this building no longer meets the California Hospital Seismic Safety Law, it does meet current seismic standards for non-hospital use; as of 2008, the original pediatrics & obstetrics ward is abandoned, sits covered in graffiti, visible from US-101. The Los Angeles County Hospital and the University of Southern California Medical School were first affiliated in 1885, five years after USC was founded, it was established as a 100-bed hospital with 47 patients. The present-day LAC+USC complex is adjacent to the University of Southern California Health Sciences Campus, which includes the USC Keck School of Medicine, USC School of Pharmacy, Keck Hospital of USC, the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and Hospital.
In 2004, the hospital appointed its first female Chief of Staff, Cynthia Stotts, D. O. in the 158-year history of the hospital. She was the first osteopathic physician to serve in that position; the station of the same name on the El Monte Busway for the Metro Silver Line and Foothill Transit Silver Streak is located within walking distance from the hospital. Additionally, Metro lines 70, 71, 106, 251, 751, 605 serve the hospital. Marilyn Monroe was born in the charity ward on June 1, 1926; the hospital has a jail ward. In 1954, Stan Getz was processed in the jail ward as his wife gave birth to their third child one floor below, he had been arrested for attempting to rob a pharmacy to get a morphine fix. The 1962 film The Interns starring Cliff Robertson was filmed around the hospital; the hospital was featured in the 1953 version of The War Of The Worlds directed by Byron Haskins in scenes depicting the evacuation of Los Angeles from the oncoming Martians. The distinct Art Deco-style main building served as the exterior of the hospital in the 1998 movie City of Angels.
In Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles, the episode entitled "The Good Wound", exterior shots of the older LAC+US
A fire station is a structure or other area for storing firefighting apparatus such as fire engines and related vehicles, personal protective equipment, fire hoses and other specialized equipment. Fire stations contain working and living space for the firefighters and support staff. In large US cities, fire stations are named for the primary fire companies and apparatus housed there, such as "Ladder 49". Other fire stations are named based on the district, town or village where they are located, or given a number. A fire station will at a minimum have a garage for housing at least one fire engine. There will be storage space for equipment; the most important equipment is however stored in the vehicle itself. The approaches to a fire station are posted with warning signs, there may be a traffic signal to stop or warn traffic when apparatus are leaving or returning to the station. Activities at a fire station include regular inspection and cleaning of the apparatus and equipment, training work. Weekly or bi-weekly routine includes various drills in which firefighters practice their skills.
In a single story station, a tower-like structure is used to hang hoses to dry. Some fire companies host public activities at the fire station during events such as a "fire prevention week", the facility may be used for fund-raising by the "firemen's association", "fire buffs", or "fire auxiliary". If the station is occupied full-time by career firefighters, it will contain living quarters and work areas, where they wait until a callout comes through. Career firefighters are able to sleep during a night shift, so these stations will have dormitories. There will be an alarm system to alert them of an emergency call, to give some indication of where and what the emergency is. In some small fire departments, the only alarm may be a telephone for receiving calls. Many fire stations were built with the living quarters above the garage; this arrangement is common for fire stations built in a crowded city, allows for a raised area to hang hoses to dry to prevent damage. The fireman's pole was invented to allow firefighters to descend to the garage.
In modern times, agencies such as the National Fire Protection Association have argued that these pose a safety hazard. Modern fire stations are built with the living quarters on the same level as the garage; some fire stations are not occupied, with the firefighting carried out by volunteer or retained firefighters. In this case, the firefighters are summoned to the fire station by siren, radio or pagers, where they will deploy the fire engine; these fire stations may still have office space for the firefighters, a library of reference and other materials, a "trophy wall" or case where the firefighters display memorabilia. List of fire stations Fire department Fireman's pole Olathe, Kan. Fire Department West Jackson Fire Department, GA Raleigh and Wake County, NC fire departments Killorglin Fire & Rescue, County Kerry, Ireland
Compton/Woodley Airport is a county-owned public-use airport located two miles southwest of downtown Compton, in southern Los Angeles County, California. The FAA's National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2007–2011 categorized it as a relief airport, it is used for general aviation as an alternative to Los Angeles International Airport, situated about 8 miles to the west. Colonel C. S. Smith landed in an open field near the town of Compton in June 1924. Colonel Smith felt the field, owned by the local school board, would make an ideal airport location and negotiated for the airport's founding. Between 1924 and 1936 the airport and its land passed through several hands until Earl Woodley took over the lease in 1936, he purchased additional adjacent land to allow for a crosswind runway. During the war years of 1941 to 1946, civilian flying was restricted and the airport was used by the military as a truck depot. After the war, Mr Woodley resumed operations and became owner of the land; when Mr Woodley died in 1962, the airport was threatened with closure when it was purchased by an investment company.
Pilot groups, the mayor of Compton, the entire Compton City Council encouraged the Board of Supervisors to condemn the land and allow the county to purchase it. In June 1966 the entire airport property of 77 acres was purchased for $2,948,883. Compton/Woodley Airport covers 77 acres and has two asphalt runways, each 3,322 x 60 ft. In 2012 the airport had 66,000 general aviation aircraft operations, averaging about 180 per day. 175 aircraft are based at this airport: 151 single-engine aircraft, 14 multi-engine aircraft, 1 jet aircraft, 8 helicopters, 1 glider. The Compton Airport is mentioned in the opening bars of Dr. Dre's "Big Ego's" on his multi-platinum album 2001. Compton Airport is featured in Airline episode 46 when Robin Petgrave, the founder of the flight school Tomorrow's Aeronautical Museum, was delayed which resulted in his giving a cast member's son a plane ride at Compton Airport with his flight school. City of Compton web site Los Angeles County Department of Public Works - Compton/Woodley Airport Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for CPM AirNav airport information for KCPM ASN accident history for CPM FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for KCPM
The Toyota Tundra is a pickup truck manufactured in the United States by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota since May 1999. The Tundra was the first North American full-size pickup; the Tundra was nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award and was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year in 2000 and 2008. Built in a new Toyota plant in Princeton, production was consolidated in 2008 to Toyota's San Antonio, factory and is the only full-size pickup truck manufactured in Texas; the first generation Tundra had many similarities with the older Toyota T100 and the compact Toyota Tacoma. These included the shared use of a 3.4-liter V6 engine, the top of the line engine in both the Tacoma and T100. The V6 engine would serve as the base engine for the Tundra, while a second engine was added, a 4.7-liter V8, the first V8 for a Toyota pickup. Publicly introduced in May 1999 as a 2000 model, the Tundra prototypes and "show trucks" were known as T150s; however and automotive journalists described the name was too close to the market-leader Ford F-150, following a lawsuit by Ford, the production truck was renamed the Tundra.
The Tundra was larger than the T100, but still had the perception of being too small and car-like to pose a serious threat to the domestic pickup trucks. With a production capacity of 120,000, sales were double the rate of the T100. At its introduction, the Tundra had the highest initial vehicle sales for Toyota in its history, it was selected as Motor Trend's Truck of the Year award for 2000 and Best Full- Size Truck from Consumer Reports. It was built in a new Toyota plant in Princeton, with 65 percent domestic content. Engine choices available in the Tundra were a 24V 3.4-liter V6 engine that produced 190 hp and 220 lb⋅ft of torque and an LEV certified 32 valve 4.7-liter "i-Force" V8 engine that produced 245 hp and 315 lb⋅ft of torque. A Toyota Racing Development supercharger was available for the 3.4-liter V6 that bumped power to the 260 hp range and 260 lb⋅ft of torque. TRD introduced a second supercharger for the V8 engine late into its second year of production that increased to the mid 300 hp range and torque to the 400 lb⋅ft range.
The V6 supercharger is still available, the V8 supercharger ended production once Toyota released the updated VVT-i equipped 4.7-liter engine. The grille was updated in 2002, along with a new Stepside bed available on Access Cab models; the Tundra Double Cab added to the lineup in 2004, was a crew cab with four rear-opening doors, with interior and exterior details copied from the Toyota Sequoia. Its bed was nearly 5 inches longer than the competing Honda Ridgeline or Ford F-150, it is 13 inches longer, 3 inches taller, 4 inches wider than the Regular and Access Cab versions, with a 12 inches longer wheelbase. A new engine was introduced in 2005: a 4.0-liter V6 rated at 236 hp and 266 lb⋅ft of torque, the existing 4.7-liter V8 was updated with Toyota's VVT-i variable valve timing technology and was rated at 282 hp and 325 lb⋅ft of torque while the 2006 versions were rerated at 271 hp and 313 lb⋅ft of torque. The 5-speed manual gave way to a 6-speed manual, a 5-speed automatic replaced the 4-speed.
With a towing capacity of 6,900 lb on the Double Cab and 7,100 lb on Access Cab and Regular Cab models with a V8 engine, the Tundra still did not have enough power to compete with the heavier-duty offerings of the Big Three and Nissan. In 2003, the T3 Special Edition was sold in conjunction with the release of the Terminator 3 movie, it included a TRD performance package, "T3" badging, blacked out grille and trim pieces, special 17-inch rims and T3 limited interior trim. 650 were sold in the US as 4x2 and 200 were sold in Canada as 4x4. In 2006, the Darrell Waltrip Edition was marketed to honor the NASCAR driver and his participation in the NASCAR Truck Series. Only 2000 V8-powered Double Cab models were produced; the package included unique 18-inch wheels. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety rated the Tundra "Good" overall in their frontal offset crash test, it was the first full-size pickup awarded a "Good" score, its competitors from Ford and Dodge were rated "Poor" and in the case of GM's entry "Marginal".
A larger Tundra was introduced at the February 2006 Chicago Auto Show. It used styling cues from the Toyota Tacoma along with some cues from the Toyota FTX concept truck; the truck featured towing capacity of up to 10,000 lb, a payload capacity of over 2,000 lb, a new 5.7-liter 3UR-FE V8 engine mated to a new 6-speed automatic transmission. The second generation Tundra had three engine options; the new 5.7-liter V8 that produces 381 hp and 401 lb⋅ft of torque, the carry over 4.7-liter 2UZ-FE V8 rated at 276 hp and 313 pound force-feet of torque, as well as the previous 4.0-liter 1GR-FE V6 rated at 236 hp and 266 lb⋅ft of torque. When the new Tundra was first launched in January 2007, it was available in 31 configurations, which consisted of 3 bed lengths, 3 cab configurations, 3 wheelbases, 2 transmissions; the new Double Cab replaces the previous generation's Access Cab, the all new CrewMax replaces the previous generation's Double Cab, it is built to compete with the Dodge Ram Mega Cab. The Double Cab and Regular Cab are available with a 6.5-foot regular bed or an 8-foot
Los Angeles County Fire Department
The Los Angeles County Fire Department provides firefighting and emergency medical services for the unincorporated parts of Los Angeles County, California, as well as 59 cities, including the city of La Habra, located in Orange County and is the first city outside of Los Angeles County to contract with LACoFD. As of 2013 the department is responsible for just over 4 million residents spread out in over 1.2 million housing units across an area of 2,305 square miles. The department has an annual budget of $1.15 Billion. According to Firehouse magazine, the LACoFD is the 6th busiest department in the US, behind New York City Fire Department, Chicago Fire Department, Houston Fire Department, Los Angeles City Fire Department, Dallas Fire Department; the Department responded to 389,313 calls for service in 2015. The LACoFD has featured several times in popular culture, including the 1970s NBC TV series Emergency! The Los Angeles County Fire Department began in 1920, was known as the Los Angeles County Forestry Department and Los Angeles County Fire Protection Districts.
The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors enlisted Stuart J. Flintham to lead the new department, directed him to establish a program for fire prevention and firefighting in the county, he succeeded in opening 30 Fire Protection Districts, which served, continue to serve and the unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County. Cities could choose to join the Fire Protection District by allocating property tax for this service. Cities formed as contract cities in the post-World War II period retained membership in the Fire Protection District. Following the passage of Proposition 13 in 1978, property taxes were capped at 1% and the Fire Department charged cities fees for services when annexation occurred. Properties within the district that are not covered under a fee for service arrangement pay a special fire tax as a result of Proposition E, passed in 1997. County vehicles assigned to the Los Angeles County Fire Department continue to list as registered owner the "Consolidated Fire Protection District of Los Angeles County" on California Department of Motor Vehicles paperwork.
The Los Angeles County Fire Department Emergency Operations are commanded by Chief Deputy David R. Richardson; the 4 Bureaus that the Chief Deputy oversees contain the bulk of the firefighting personnel and apparatus that the Fire Department provides, as well as the Technical Services Division. The 3 Operations Bureaus consist of the neighborhood fire stations and camps that are geographically based, while the fourth bureau has specialized teams that respond throughout the county; the 3 Operations Bureaus of LACoFD serve 59 cities and all unincorporated communities with 22 Battalions and 9 Divisions. Each Division is commanded by an assistant chief; the LACoFD has 10 fire camps with handcrews which are used for both fire prevention and wildland firefighting. In 2013, to help combat jail crowding as well as increase time served by serious criminal offenders, Los Angeles County sent more than 500 inmates to firefighting camps in mountain and foothill areas. Inmates assigned to the camps are nonviolent offenders who have completed physical and security screenings.
They are trained by county firefighters to help fight fires and assist with clearing brush and debris. The camps are run in conjunction with the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and the Los Angeles County Probation Department; the Los Angeles County Fire Department utilizes a wide array of firefighting apparatus, including Engines, Trucks, Light Forces and Water Tenders. Support apparatus include Rescue Squads, Hazardous Materials Squads, Urban Search & Rescue Squads. LACoFD apparatus are painted reddish-orange as opposed to LAFD apparatus red. While many modern fire departments have opted to go with trucks/quints that have rear-mounted ladders, the LACoFD has chosen to stay with tiller trucks because of their enhanced maneuverability in tight areas; the benefit of a quint is that it has a built in pump and water tank and can thus operate without an engine. The LA County Fire Department has 10 helicopters available for aerial firefighting. With the exception of Copter 10, used for command purposes, all copters are outfitted with water drop tanks for aerial firefighting.
The headquarters for the Air Operations Section is located at Barton Heliport, next to Whiteman Airport in Pacoima. Five Sikorsky S-70A/S-70i Firehawks Copter 15, Copter 16, Copter 19, Copter 21, Copter 22 are fitted with 1,000 US gallons tanks. One Bell 412 Copter 12 is fitted with a 360 US gallons tank. Two Bell 412EP Copter 11 and Copter 14 are outfitted with 360 US gallons tanks. Two Bell 412HP Copter 17 and Copter 18 are outfitted with 360 US gallons tanks; as of March 2019 The LACoFD is dispatched from the P. Michael Freeman Command And Control Facility at the county fire operations center in East Los Angeles; the Los Angeles County Fire Department has been featured in multiple different television series. Rescue 8 – The syndicated series of the late 1950s focused on Rescue Squad 8 and starred Jim Davis and Lang Jeffries. Emergency! – The NBC series of the 1970s dramatized a department paramedic rescue squad, popularly credited for encouraging the widespread adaptation of the medical service.
The exterior fire station scenes for the fictional station 51 in the series were shot at county fire station 127. It is now called the Robert A. Cinader Memorial Fire Station in honor of the television producer who made the station famous. In addition, the fire station in Universal City, where Universal Pictures is located, who
The Toyota Sequoia is a full-size SUV manufactured by Toyota and derived from its Tundra pickup truck. Introduced in 2000 and manufactured at Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana in Princeton, the Sequoia is the first vehicle from a Japanese marque in the popular mainstream full-sized SUV class in North America, initial planning done by first-generation Sequoia chief engineer Kaoru Hosegawa aimed the Sequoia directly at the Ford Expedition competing with the Chevrolet Tahoe and the Nissan Armada; the Sequoia slots in between the mid-size Toyota 4Runner and the premium Toyota Land Cruiser in the North American Toyota SUV lineup, is the largest SUV being produced under the Toyota brand. In 2015 the Sequoia was available in the United States, Canada, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen in LHD only; as of 2017, the Sequoia is sold in the United States, Costa Rica, Bahrain, Lebanon, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Yemen in LHD only. Development of a full-size SUV alongside a T100 replacement began in the mid-1990s, with a design freeze in 1997 and design patent filing of the production design on April 4, 1998 at the Japan Patent Office under #1054583.
After the introduction of the Toyota Tundra in 1999, speculation started that Toyota intended to compete in the full-size market with a Tundra-based SUV called the Highlander. However, the Highlander name was used on a midsize Camry-based crossover and the Tundra-based SUV was introduced on January 11, 2000 at the North American Auto Show as the Toyota Sequoia, with full production starting in September 2000 for the 2001 model year; the engine, dashboard and chassis are shared with the Tundra, with the exception of rear disc brakes and a more sophisticated multi-link live axle rear suspension. The Sequoia was nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award in 2001; when the Sequoia was introduced, it was longer than the contemporary Land Cruiser, larger than the Chevrolet Tahoe in most dimensions and similar in size to the Ford Expedition. Frame assemblies and driveshafts are produced by Dana Holding Corporation; the Sequoia came in two trim levels: Limited. The base SR5 started at $32,820 while the more expensive Limited started at $41,855.
It was sold in four-wheel drive versions. Vehicle Stability Control was standard on all models. For the 2005 model year, the Sequoia received a mild facelift. A new engine equipped with VVT-i was new for 2005, as well as a 5-speed automatic transmission, replacing the previous 4-speed. 4 wheel drive models got a Torsen center differential, replacing the previous open differential, that splits power in full-time mode 40% front and 60% rear under normal driving, can send up to 53% to the front and 71% to the rear during slip. The grill was redesigned, the orange lamps were removed from the taillights. Towing Capacity for the 2005 model year: 2WD: 6,500 lb 4WD: 6,200 lb Toyota unveiled the 2008 Toyota Sequoia at the November 2007 Los Angeles Auto Show, with sales beginning that following December. Like the original Sequoia, the new model is based on the new Tundra; however major differences with the Tundra include a boxed frame, a rear independent suspension featuring double wishbones with coil springs for improved ride comfort and room, a locking center differential on 4-wheel drive models.
The new suspension helps give the Sequoia a tighter turning radius of 19 ft and allows for a fold-flat rear seat. Toyota stated the new frame is 70 percent more resistant to bending flex with torsional rigidity up 30 percent However, the new model weighs 500 lb more than the previous Sequoia; the drag coefficient has been reduced to 0.35. Improvements include an optional ULEV-II compliant 381 horsepower 5.7 L 3UR-FE V8, mated to a 6-speed automatic. The 2008 Sequoia comes in three trim lines: the SR5 and Limited, new Platinum. Pricing ranges from about $34,000 to $55,000 depending upon configuration; the base engine is the previous ULEV compliant 4.7 L 2UZ-FE 276 hp V8 featured from the previous generation. The 4.7 L is standard on the SR5, while the Limited and Platinum models come standard with a 5.7 L V8 engine. Four-wheel drive is available on all models; the interior of the 2008 Sequoia features the same dash as the new Tundra. Standard features include a tilt and telescopic steering wheel, power windows and doors, dual sun visors, a keyless entry.
Options include DVD based navigation with backup camera and 7" screen, a rear DVD entertainment system, a 14-speaker JBL audio system, heated seats with ventilated coolers in the front row and warmers in the second row, available in Platinum trim. The Limited trim includes audio and hands-free Bluetooth mobile phone system controls, an improved JBL audio system, electroluminescent Optitron gauges, an electrochromic auto-dimming rear-view mirror and side view mirrors with a HomeLink transceiver; the Platinum model includes a standard DVD navigation with a backup camera, a rear air suspension which can lower for easy loading, Dynamic Laser Cruise Control. Seating arrangements are for seven or eight passengers, eight for SR5 and Limited models and seven for Platinum models. Power folding 60/40 split; the Sequoia has a maximum towing capacity of 7,400 lb with the 5.7 L V8 in 2WD SR5 form or 7,100 lb in the 4WD SR5 trim. For complete trailer & weight capacities, see Toyota's website. Exterior differences i