Sally Margaret Field is an American actress and director. She is the recipient of various accolades, including two Academy Awards, three Primetime Emmy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award and has been nominated for a Tony Award and two BAFTA Awards. Field began her professional career on television, starring in eponymous roles on the short-lived sitcoms Gidget, The Flying Nun, The Girl with Something Extra. In 1976, her career saw a turning point when she garnered critical acclaim of her portrayal of a woman suffering from multiple personality disorder in the television miniseries Sybil, for which she received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie. Although her film debut was as an extra in Moon Pilot, her film career escalated during the 1970s with starring roles in successful films including Stay Hungry and the Bandit, The End, Hooper, her career further expanded during the 1980s, twice receiving the Academy Award for Best Actress for Norma Rae and Places in the Heart, continued to appear in a wide range of acclaimed and successful films including Smokey and the Bandit II, Absence of Malice, Kiss Me Goodbye, Murphy's Romance, Steel Magnolias, Mrs. Doubtfire, Forrest Gump.
In the 2000s, she returned to television with a recurring role on the NBC medical drama ER, for which she won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series in 2001 and the following year made her stage debut with Edward Albee's The Goat, or Who Is Sylvia?. From 2006 to 2011, she portrayed the protagonist Nora Walker on the ABC television drama Brothers & Sisters, for which she received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 2007. In 2010s, her film career saw a resurgence, she starred as Mary Todd Lincoln in Lincoln, for which she received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and portrayed Aunt May in The Amazing Spider-Man and its 2014 sequel, with the former becoming her highest grossing release. In 2015, she portrayed the titular character in Hello, My Name Is Doris, for which she was nominated for the Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actress in a Comedy. In 2017, she returned to stage after an absence of 15 years with the revival of Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie for which she received a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play.
As a director, Field is known for the television film The Christmas Tree, an episode of the 1998 HBO miniseries From the Earth to the Moon, the feature film Beautiful. In 2014, she was presented with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Sally Field was born in California, to Margaret Field and Richard Dryden Field, her father was an army officer. Following her parents' 1950 divorce, her mother married stuntman Jock Mahoney. Field alleged in her 2018 memoir. Through her maternal grandmother's genealogical line, Field is a descendant of Mayflower passenger and colonial governor William Bradford, her tenth great-grandfather; as a teen, Field attended Portola Middle School and Birmingham High School in Van Nuys, where she was a cheerleader. Her classmates included financier Michael Milken, actress Cindy Williams, talent agent Michael Ovitz. Field got her start on television as the boy-crazy surfer girl in the sitcom Gidget; the show was canceled after a single season. Wanting to find a new starring vehicle for Field, ABC next produced The Flying Nun with Field cast as Sister Bertrille for three seasons, from 1967 to 1970.
In an interview included on the Season One DVD release, Field said that she enjoyed Gidget, but hated The Flying Nun because she was not treated with respect by the show's directors. Field was typecast, finding respectable roles difficult to come by. In 1971, Field starred in the ABC TV movie Maybe I'll Come Home in the Spring, playing a discouraged teen runaway who returns home with a bearded, drug-abusing hippie, she made several guest television appearances through the mid 1970s, including a role on the western Alias Smith and Jones, a popular TV series starring Gidget co-star Pete Duel. She appeared in the episode "Whisper" on the TV thriller Night Gallery. In 1973, Field was cast in a starring role opposite John Davidson in the short-lived series The Girl with Something Extra from 1973 to 1974. Following the series' cancellation, Field studied at the Actors Studio with the acting teacher Lee Strasberg. Strasberg became a mentor to the actress, helping her to move past her television image of the girl next door.
It was during this time period that Field divorced her first husband in 1975. Soon after studying with Strasberg, Field landed the title role in the 1976 TV film Sybil, based on the book by Flora Rheta Schreiber, her dramatic portrayal of a young woman afflicted with multiple personality disorder earned her a best dramatic actress Emmy Award in 1977 and enabled her to break through the typecasting of her sitcom work. In 1977, she co-starred with Burt Reynolds, Jackie Gleason, Jerry Reed in the year's #2 highest-grossing film and the Bandit. In 1979, Field played the eponymous union organizer in Norma Rae, a successful film that established her as a dramatic actress. Vincent Canby, reviewing the film for The New York Times, wrote: "Norma Rae is a concerned contemporary drama, illuminated by some good performances and one, Miss Field's, that is
Shirley MacLaine is an American film and theater actress, dancer and author. An Academy Award winner, MacLaine received the 40th AFI Life Achievement Award from the American Film Institute in 2012, received the Kennedy Center Honors for her lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts in 2013, she is known for her New Age beliefs, has an interest in spirituality and reincarnation. She has written a series of autobiographical works that describe these beliefs, document her world travels, describe her Hollywood career, her first film was Alfred Hitchcock's The Trouble With Harry in 1955. A six-time Academy Award nominee, MacLaine received a nomination for Best Documentary Feature for The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir, Best Actress nominations for Some Came Running, The Apartment, Irma la Douce, The Turning Point, before winning Best Actress for Terms of Endearment, she twice won the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress, for Ask Any Girl, The Apartment. She has won five competitive Golden Globe Awards, received the Golden Globe Cecil B.
DeMille Award at the 1998 ceremony. Named after actress Shirley Temple, Shirley MacLean Beaty was born on April 24, 1934, in Richmond, Virginia, her father, Ira Owens Beaty, was a professor of psychology, public school administrator, real estate agent, her mother, Kathlyn Corinne, was a drama teacher from Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. MacLaine's younger brother is the actor and director Warren Beatty, their parents raised them as Baptists. Her uncle was a Communist member of the Ontario legislature in the 1940s. While MacLaine was still a child, Ira Beaty moved his family from Richmond to Norfolk, to Arlington and Waverly back to Arlington taking a position at Arlington's Thomas Jefferson Junior High School in 1945. MacLaine played baseball on an all-boys team, holding the record for most home runs, which earned her the nickname "Powerhouse". During the 1950s, the family resided in the Dominion Hills section of Arlington; as a toddler, she had weak ankles and would fall over with the slightest misstep, so her mother decided to enroll her in ballet class at the Washington School of Ballet at the age of three.
This was the beginning of her interest in performing. Motivated by ballet, she never missed a class. In classical romantic pieces like Romeo and Juliet and The Sleeping Beauty, she always played the boys' roles due to being the tallest in the group and the absence of males in the class, she had a substantial female role as the fairy godmother in Cinderella. She decided against making a career of professional ballet because she had grown too tall and was unable to acquire perfect technique, she explained that she didn't have the ideal body type, lacking the requisite "beautifully constructed feet" of high arches, high insteps and a flexible ankle. Realizing ballet's propensity to be too all-consuming, limiting, she moved on to other forms of dancing and musical theater, she attended Washington-Lee High School, where she was on the cheerleading squad and acted in school theatrical productions. The summer before her senior year of high school, MacLaine went to New York City to try acting on Broadway, having minor success in the chorus of Oklahoma!
After she graduated, she returned and was in the dancing ensemble of the Broadway production of Me and Juliet. Afterwards became an understudy to actress Carol Haney in The Pajama Game. A few months after, with Haney still injured, film producer Hal B. Wallis saw MacLaine's performance, signed her to work for Paramount Pictures. MacLaine made her film debut in Alfred Hitchcock's The Trouble with Harry, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress; this was followed by her role in the Martin and Lewis film Artists and Models. Soon afterwards, she had a role in Around the World in 80 Days; this was followed by a leading role in Some Came Running. Her second Oscar nomination came two years for The Apartment, starring with Jack Lemmon; the film won five Oscars, including Best Director for Billy Wilder. She said, "I thought I would win for The Apartment, but Elizabeth Taylor had a tracheotomy." She starred in The Children's Hour starring Audrey Hepburn and James Garner, based on the play by Lillian Hellman, directed by William Wyler.
She was again nominated, this time for Irma la Douce, which reunited her with Lemmon. Don Siegel, her director on Two Mules for Sister Sara, said of her: "It's hard to feel any great warmth to her. She's too unfeminine, has too much balls. She's very hard." At the peak of her success, she replaced Marilyn Monroe in Irma la Douce and What a Way to Go!. Other films from this period include Gambit, with Michael Caine, the film version of the musical Sweet Charity, based on the script for Fellini's Nights of Cabiria released a decade earli
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Baroness Karen Christenze von Blixen-Finecke was a Danish author who wrote works in Danish and English. She is best known under her pen names Isak Dinesen, used in English-speaking countries, Tania Blixen, used in German-speaking countries, she published works using the aliases Osceola and Pierre Andrézel. Blixen is best known for Out of Africa, an account of her life while living in Kenya, for one of her stories, Babette's Feast, both of which have been adapted into Academy Award-winning motion pictures, she is noted in Denmark, for her Seven Gothic Tales. Blixen was considered several times for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Karen Dinesen was born in the manor house of Rungstedlund, north of Copenhagen, her father, Wilhelm Dinesen, was a writer and army officer from a family of Jutland landowners connected to the monarchy, the established church and conservative politics. Her mother, Ingeborg Westenholz, came from a wealthy Unitarian bourgeois merchant family. Karen Dinesen was the second oldest in a family of two brothers.
Her younger brother, Thomas Dinesen, grew up to earn the Victoria Cross in the First World War. Dinesen was known to her friends as "Tanne". Dinesen's early years were influenced by her father's relaxed manner and his love of the outdoor life, he wrote throughout his life and his memoir, Boganis Jagtbreve became a minor classic in Danish literature. From August 1872 to December 1873, Wilhelm had lived among the Chippewa Indians in Wisconsin, where he fathered a daughter. On returning to Denmark, he suffered from syphilis. After conceiving a child out of wedlock with his maid Anna Rasmussen, he was devastated by breaking his promise to his mother-in-law to remain faithful to his wife, he hanged himself on 28 March 1895 when Karen was ten. Karen Dinesen's life at Rungstedlund changed after her father's death. From on her life was dominated by her Westenholz family. Unlike her brothers, who attended school, she was educated at home by her maternal grandmother and by her aunt, Mary B. Westenholz, who brought her up in the staunch Unitarian tradition.
Aunt Bess, as Westenholz was known to Dinesen, had a significant impact on her niece. They engaged in lively discussions and correspondence on women's rights and relationships between men and women. During her early years, Dinesen spent part of her time at her mother's family home, the Mattrup seat farm near Horsens, while in years there were visits to Folehavegård, an estate near Hørsholm that had belonged to her father's family. Longing for the freedom she had enjoyed when her father was alive, she was able to find some satisfaction in telling her younger sister Ellen hair-raising good-night stories inspired by Danish folk tales and Icelandic sagas. In 1905, these led to her Grjotgard Ålvesøn og Aud. Around this time, she published fiction in Danish periodicals under the pseudonym Osceola, the name of her father's dog, which she had walked in her father's company. In 1898, Dinesen and her two sisters spent a year in Switzerland. In 1902, she attended Charlotte Sode's art school in Copenhagen before continuing her studies at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts under Viggo Johansen from 1903 to 1906.
In her mid-twenties, she visited Paris and Rome on study trips. While still young, Dinesen spent many of her holidays with her paternal cousin's family, the Blixen-Fineckes, in Skåne in the south of Sweden, she first fell in love with the dashing equestrian Hans. She therefore decided to accept the favours of his twin brother, Baron Bror Blixen-Finecke, they announced their engagement on 23 December 1912, to the family's surprise. Given the difficulties both were experiencing in settling in Denmark, the family suggested they should move abroad, their common uncle, Aage Westenholz who had made a fortune in Siam, suggested they should go to Kenya to start a coffee farm. He and his sister Ingeborg Dinesen invested 150,000 Danish crowns in the venture. Early in 1913, Bror Blixen-Finecke left for Kenya, he was followed by his fiancée in December. Soon after Dinesen arrived in Kenya, which at the time was part of British East Africa and Blixen were married in Mombasa on 14 January 1914. After her marriage, she became known as Baroness Blixen, she used the title until her ex-husband remarried in 1929.
Karen and Bror Blixen planned to raise cattle on their farm, but they became convinced that coffee would be more profitable. The Karen Coffee Company was established by Aage Westerholz, who chose the name after his daughter Karen, Blixen's cousin, rather than to create an association with Karen Blixen; the couple soon established M'Bagathi, in the Great Lakes area. They ran into difficulties caused by the outbreak of the First World War. Fighting between the Germans and the British in East Africa led to a shortage of workers and supplies. In 1916, the Karen Coffee Company purchased a larger farm, M'Bogani, near the Ngong Hills to the south–west of Nairobi; the property covered 6,000 acres of land: 600 acres were used for a coffee plantation, 3,400 acres were used by the natives for grazing, 2,000 acres of virgin forest were left untouched. The land was not well-suited for coffee cultivation, given its high elevation; the couple hired local workers: most were Kikuyu who lived on the farmlands at the time of the couple's arrival, but there were Wakamba, Kavirondo and Masai.
Bror Blixen-Finecke worked the farm, but it soon became evident that he had l
Jane Seymour Fonda is an American actress, producer, political activist, fitness guru, former fashion model. She is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards, two BAFTA Awards, four Golden Globe Awards, a Primetime Emmy Award, the AFI Life Achievement Award, the Honorary Golden Lion. Born to actor Henry Fonda and socialite Frances Ford Seymour, Fonda made her acting debut with the 1960 Broadway play There Was a Little Girl, for which she received a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play, made her screen debut the same year with the romantic comedy Tall Story, she rose to prominence in 1960s with such films as Period of Adjustment, Sunday in New York, Cat Ballou, Barefoot in the Park and Barbarella. Her first husband was Barbarella director Roger Vadim. A seven-time Academy Award nominee, she received her first nomination for They Shoot Horses, Don't They? and went on to win two Best Actress Oscars in the 1970s for Klute and Coming Home. Her other nominations were for Julia, The China Syndrome, On Golden Pond and The Morning After.
Consecutive hits Fun with Dick and Jane, California Suite, The Electric Horseman and 9 to 5 sustained Fonda's box-office drawing power, she won a Primetime Emmy Award for her performance in the 1984 TV film The Dollmaker. In 1982, she released her first exercise video, Jane Fonda's Workout, which became the highest-selling VHS of all time, it would be the first of 22 workout videos released by her over the next 13 years which would collectively sell over 17 million copies. Divorced from second husband Tom Hayden, she married billionaire media mogul Ted Turner in 1991 and retired from acting, following a row of commercially unsuccessful films concluded by Stanley & Iris. Fonda returned to the screen with the 2005 hit Monster-in-Law. Though Georgia Rule was the star's only other movie during the 2000s, in the early 2010s she re-launched her career. Subsequent films have included The Butler, This Is Where I Leave You, Our Souls at Night and Book Club. In 2009, she returned to Broadway after a 49-year absence from the stage, in the play 33 Variations which earned her a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play, while her major recurring role in the HBO drama series The Newsroom earned her two Primetime Emmy Award nominations.
She released another five exercise videos between 2010 and 2012. Fonda stars in the Netflix original series Grace and Frankie, which premiered in 2015 and has brought her nominations for a Primetime Emmy Award and three Screen Actors Guild Awards. Fonda was a visible political activist in the counterculture era during the Vietnam War and became involved in advocacy for women, she was famously and controversially photographed sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun on a 1972 visit to Hanoi, during which she became known under the nickname "Hanoi Jane". During this time, she was blacklisted in Hollywood, she has protested the Iraq War and violence against women, describes herself as a feminist. In 2005, along with Robin Morgan and Gloria Steinem, she co-founded the Women's Media Center, an organization that works to amplify the voices of women in the media through advocacy and leadership training, the creation of original content. Fonda serves on the board of the organization. Jane Seymour Fonda was born in New York City on December 21, 1937.
Her parents were Canadian-born socialite Frances Ford Brokaw, actor Henry Fonda. According to her father, their surname came from an Italian ancestor who immigrated to the Netherlands in the 1500s. There, he intermarried, the family began to use Dutch given names, with Jane's first Fonda ancestor reaching New York in 1650, she has English and French ancestry. She was named for the third wife of Henry VIII, Jane Seymour, to whom she is distantly related on her mother's side, she has a brother, an actor, a maternal half-sister, Frances de Villers Brokaw, whose daughter is Pilar Corrias, the owner of the Pilar Corrias Gallery in London. In 1950, when Fonda was 12, her mother died by suicide while undergoing treatment at Craig House psychiatric hospital in Beacon, New York; that year, Fonda's father married socialite Susan Blanchard, 23 years his junior. At 15 Fonda taught dance at New York, she attended Greenwich Academy in Connecticut. Fonda attended the Emma Willard School in Troy, New York, Vassar College in Poughkeepsie.
Before her acting career, she was a model. Fonda became interested in acting as a teenager, while appearing with her father in a charity performance of The Country Girl at the Omaha Community Playhouse. After dropping out of Vassar, she went to Paris for six months to study art. Upon returning to the states, in 1958, she met Lee Strasberg and the meeting changed the course of her life, Fonda saying, "I went to the Actors Studio and Lee Strasberg told me I had talent. Real talent, it was the first time. At anything, it was a turning point in my life. I went to bed thinking about acting. I woke up thinking about acting, it was like the roof had come off my life!"Fonda's stage work in the late 1950s laid the foundation for her film career in the 1960s. She averaged two movies a year throughout the decade, starting in 1960 with Tall Story, in which she recreated one of her Broadway roles as a college cheerleade
Sandrine Bonnaire is a French actress, film director and screenwriter, who has appeared in more than 40 films. She won the César Award for Most Promising Actress for À nos amours, the César Award for Best Actress for Vagabond and the Volpi Cup for Best Actress for La Cérémonie, her other films include Under the Sun of Monsieur Hire, East/West and The Final Lesson. Bonnaire was born in the town of Allier, in the Auvergne region, she was born into the seventh of eleven children. Her acting career began at the age of 16 in 1983, when she starred in the Maurice Pialat film À nos amours, she played a girl from Paris beginning her sexual awakening. In 1984, she was awarded the César Award for Most Promising Actress, her international breakthrough came in 1985 when she played the main character in Sans toit ni loi, directed by Agnès Varda, for which she won her second César Award. She portrays a vagrant who fails both morally; the film premiered at the 42nd Venice International Film Festival where it won the Golden Lion prize.
The jury deemed Bonnaire's performance as amongst the best of the year, but decided against awarding the Volpi Cup for Best Actress prize because both of the actresses they judged to have given the best performances were in films that won major awards. Bonnaire worked again with Pialat on the film Sous le soleil de Satan which won the Palme d'Or at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival; the film Monsieur Hire directed by Patrice Leconte followed in 1989, along with further work with directors Jacques Doillon and Claude Sautet. In 1995, she starred as an simple maid in Claude Chabrol's acclaimed thriller La Cérémonie; the film and its stars won awards internationally, including for Best Actress at the 52nd Venice Film Festival for both Bonnaire and co-star Isabelle Huppert. In 2004, she starred in another Patrice Leconte's film: Intimate Strangers, an arthouse box office hit in the United States. In 2017, Sandrine Bonnaire starred in Prendre le large, Gaël Morel's social film about reverse immigration.
At the 8th Magritte Awards, she received an Honorary Magritte Award from the Académie André Delvaux. Bonnaire has a daughter, from a relationship with actor William Hurt, whom she met in 1991 during filming of the Albert Camus novel La Peste, they acted together in Secrets Shared with a Stranger. Since March 2003 she has been married to actor and screenwriter Guillaume Laurant, with whom she has had a second daughter, Adèle. Sandrine Bonnaire on IMDb Sandrine Bonnaire's Cinématon – A 4 minutes online portrait by Gérard Courant Sandrine Bonnaire at AllMovie Sandrine Bonnaire at Film Reference Sandrine Bonnaire at Allocine
Mary Louise "Meryl" Streep is an American actress. Described as the "best actress of her generation", Streep is known for her versatility and accent adaptation. Nominated for a record 21 Academy Awards, she has won three. Streep has received 31 Golden Globe nominations, winning eight - more nominations, wins, than any other actor, she has won three Primetime Emmy Awards and has been nominated for fifteen British Academy Film Awards, seventeen Screen Actors Guild Awards, winning two each. Streep made her stage debut in Trelawny of the Wells in 1975. In 1976, she received a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actress in a Play for 27 Wagons Full of Cotton and A Memory of Two Mondays. In 1977, she made her screen debut in the television film The Deadliest Season, made her film debut in Julia. In 1978, she won an Emmy Award for her role in the mini-series Holocaust, received her first Academy Award nomination for The Deer Hunter. Streep went on to win the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for Kramer vs. Kramer, the Academy Award for Best Actress for Sophie's Choice and The Iron Lady.
Streep's other Oscar-nominated roles were in The French Lieutenant's Woman, Out of Africa, Evil Angels, Postcards from the Edge, The Bridges of Madison County, One True Thing, Music of the Heart, The Devil Wears Prada, Julie & Julia, August: Osage County, Into the Woods, Florence Foster Jenkins, The Post. She returned to the stage for the first time in over 20 years in The Public Theater's 2001 revival of The Seagull, won a second Emmy Award and a Golden Globe in 2004 for the HBO mini-series Angels in America. Streep was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award in 2004, Gala Tribute from the Film Society of Lincoln Center in 2008, Kennedy Center Honor in 2011 for her contribution to American culture, through performing arts. President Barack Obama awarded her the 2010 National Medal of Arts, in 2014, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 2003, the government of France made her a Commander of the Order of Letters, she was awarded the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 2017. Mary Louise Streep was born on June 1949, in Summit, New Jersey.
She is the daughter of a commercial artist and art editor. She has two younger brothers: Harry William Streep III and Dana David Streep, who are actors. Streep's father Harry was of Swiss ancestry, her father's lineage traces back to Loffenau, from where her second great-grandfather, Gottfried Streeb, immigrated to the United States, where one of her ancestors served as mayor. Another line of her father's family was from Switzerland, her mother had English and Irish ancestry. Some of Streep's maternal ancestors lived in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island, were descended from 17th-century immigrants from England, her eighth great-grandfather, Lawrence Wilkinson, was one of the first Europeans to settle in Rhode Island. Streep is the second cousin 7 times removed of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania. Streep's maternal great-great-grandparents, Manus McFadden and Grace Strain, the latter the namesake of Streep's second daughter, were natives of the Horn Head district of Dunfanaghy, Ireland. Streep's mother, whom she has compared in both appearance and manner to Dame Judi Dench encouraged her daughter, instilled confidence in her from a young age.
Streep has said: "She was a mentor because she said to me,'Meryl, you're capable. You're so great.' She was saying, ` You can do. If you're lazy, you're not going to get it done, but if you put your mind to it, you can do anything.' And I believed her." Although Streep was more introverted than her mother, at times, when she needed an injection of confidence in adulthood, she would consult her mother, asking her for advice. Streep was raised as a Presbyterian in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, attended Cedar Hill Elementary School and the Oak Street School, a Junior High school back then. In her Junior High debut, she starred as Louise Heller in the play "The Family Upstairs". In 1963, the family moved to New Jersey, where she attended Bernards High School. Author Karina Longworth described her as a "gawky kid with glasses and frizzy hair", yet noted that she liked to show off in front of the camera in family home movies from a young age. At the age of 12, Streep was selected to sing at a school recital, leading to her having opera lessons from Estelle Liebling.
However, despite her talent, she has remarked that, "I was singing something I didn't feel and understand. That was an important lesson—not to do that. To find the thing that I could feel through." She quit after four years. Streep had many Catholic school friends, attended mass. Meryl was a high school cheerleader for the Bernards High School Mountaineers and was chosen as the homecoming queen her senior year, her family lived on Old Fort Road. Although Streep appeared in numerous school plays during her high school years, she was uninterested in serious theater until acting in the play Miss Julie at Vassar College in 1969, in which she gained attention across the campus. Vassar drama professor Clinton J. Atkinson noted, "I don't think anyone taught Meryl acting, she taught herself." Streep demonstrated an early ability to mimic accents and