Stevland Hardaway Morris, better known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, musician, record producer, multi-instrumentalist. A child prodigy, Wonder is considered to be one of the most critically and commercially successful musical performers of the late 20th century, he signed with Motown's Tamla label at the age of 11, continued performing and recording for Motown into the 2010s. He has been blind since shortly after his birth. Among Wonder's works are singles such as "Signed, Delivered I'm Yours", "Superstition", "Sir Duke", "You Are the Sunshine of My Life", "I Just Called to Say I Love You", he has recorded more than 30 U. S. top-ten hits and received 25 Grammy Awards, one of the most-awarded male solo artists, has sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the top 60 best-selling music artists. Wonder is noted for his work as an activist for political causes, including his 1980 campaign to make Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday a holiday in the United States.
In 2009, Wonder was named a United Nations Messenger of Peace. In 2013, Billboard magazine released a list of the Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists to celebrate the US singles chart's 55th anniversary, with Wonder at number six. Wonder was born Stevland Hardaway Judkins in Saginaw, Michigan, on May 13, 1950, the third of six children born to Calvin Judkins and songwriter Lula Mae Hardaway, he was born six weeks premature which, along with the oxygen-rich atmosphere in the hospital incubator, resulted in retinopathy of prematurity, a condition in which the growth of the eyes is aborted and causes the retinas to detach, so he became blind. When Wonder was four, his mother divorced his father and moved with her children to Detroit, where Wonder sang as a child in a choir at the Whitestone Baptist Church, she changed her name back to Lula Hardaway and changed her son's surname to Morris because of relatives. Wonder has retained Morris as his legal surname, he began playing instruments at an early age, including piano and drums.
He formed a singing partnership with a friend. In 1961, when aged 11, Wonder sang his own composition, "Lonely Boy", to Ronnie White of the Miracles. Before signing, producer Clarence Paul gave him the name Little Stevie Wonder; because of Wonder's age, the label drew up a rolling five-year contract in which royalties would be held in trust until Wonder was 21. He and his mother would be paid a weekly stipend to cover their expenses: Wonder received $2.50 per week, a private tutor was provided for when Wonder was on tour. Wonder was put in the care of producer and songwriter Clarence Paul, for a year they worked together on two albums. Tribute to Uncle Ray was recorded first. Covers of Ray Charles's songs, the album included a Wonder and Paul composition, "Sunset"; the Jazz Soul of Little Stevie was recorded next, an instrumental album consisting of Paul's compositions, two of which, "Wondering" and "Session Number 112", were co-written with Wonder. Feeling Wonder was now ready, a song, "Mother Thank You", was recorded for release as a single, but pulled and replaced by the Berry Gordy song "I Call It Pretty Music, But the Old People Call It the Blues" as his début single.
Two follow-up singles, "Little Water Boy" and "Contract on Love", both had no success, the two albums, released in reverse order of recording—The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie in September 1962 and Tribute to Uncle Ray in October 1962—also met with little success. At the end of 1962, when Wonder was 12 years old, he joined the Motortown Revue, touring the "chitlin' circuit" of theatres across America that accepted black artists. At the Regal Theater, his 20-minute performance was recorded and released in May 1963 as the album Recorded Live: The 12 Year Old Genius. A single, "Fingertips", from the album was released in May, became a major hit; the song, featuring a confident and enthusiastic Wonder returning for a spontaneous encore that catches out the replacement bass player, heard to call out "What key? What key?", was a No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 when Wonder was aged 13, making him the youngest artist to top the chart. The single was No. 1 on the R&B chart, the first time that had occurred.
His next few recordings, were not successful. During 1964, Wonder appeared in two films as himself, Muscle Beach Party and Bikini Beach, but these were not successful either. Sylvia Moy persuaded label owner Berry Gordy to give Wonder another chance. Dropping the "Little" from his name and Wonder worked together to create the hit "Uptight", Wonder went on to have a number of other hits during the mid-1960s, including "With a Child's Heart", "Blowin' in the Wind", a Bob Dylan cover, co-sung by his mentor, producer Clarence Paul, he began to work in the Motown songwriting department, composing songs both for himself and his label mates, including "The Tears of a Clown", a No. 1 hit for Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (it was first released in 1967 unnoticed as the last track of their Make It Happen LP, but became a majo
Ronald Ernest Paul is an American author and retired politician who served as the U. S. Representative for Texas's 22nd congressional district from 1976 to 1977 and again from 1979 to 1985, for Texas's 14th congressional district from 1997 to 2013. On three occasions, he sought the presidency of the United States: as the Libertarian Party nominee in 1988 and as a candidate in the Republican primaries of 2008 and 2012. Paul is a critic of the federal government's fiscal policies the existence of the Federal Reserve and the tax policy, as well as the military–industrial complex, the War on Drugs, he has been a vocal critic of mass surveillance policies such as the USA PATRIOT Act and the NSA surveillance programs. He was the first chairman of the conservative PAC Citizens for a Sound Economy and has been characterized as the "intellectual godfather" of the Tea Party movement. Paul served as a flight surgeon in the U. S. Air Force from 1963 to 1968, worked as an obstetrician-gynecologist from the 1960s to the 1980s.
He became the first Representative in history to serve concurrently with a son or daughter in the Senate when his son, Rand Paul, was elected to the U. S. Senate from Kentucky in 2010. Paul is a Senior Fellow of the Mises Institute, has published a number of books and promoted the ideas of economists of the Austrian School such as Murray Rothbard and Ludwig von Mises during his political campaigns. On July 12, 2011, Paul announced that he would forgo seeking another term in Congress in order to focus on his presidential bid. On May 14, 2012, Paul announced that he would not be competing in any other presidential primaries but that he would still compete for delegates in states where the primary elections have been held. At the 2012 Republican National Convention, Paul received 190 delegate votes. In January 2013, Paul retired from Congress but still remains active on college campuses, giving speeches promoting his libertarian vision. Paul received one electoral vote from a Texas faithless elector in the 2016 presidential election, making him the oldest person to receive an electoral vote, as well as the second registered Libertarian presidential candidate in history to receive an Electoral College vote after John Hospers.
Ronald Ernest Paul was born on August 20, 1935, in Pittsburgh, the son of Howard Caspar Paul, who ran a small dairy company, Margaret Paul. His paternal grandfather emigrated from Germany, his paternal grandmother, a devout Christian, was a first-generation German American; as a junior at suburban Dormont High School, he was the 200 meter dash state champion. Paul went to Gettysburg College, he graduated with a B. S. degree in Biology in 1957. Paul earned a Doctor of Medicine degree from Duke University's School of Medicine in 1961, completed his medical internship at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit and his residency in obstetrics and gynecology at Magee-Womens Hospital in Pittsburgh. Paul served as a flight surgeon in the United States Air Force from 1963 to 1965 and in the United States Air National Guard from 1965 to 1968. Paul and his wife relocated to Texas, where he began a private practice in obstetrics and gynecology. While a medical resident in the 1960s, Paul was influenced by Friedrich Hayek's The Road to Serfdom, which caused him to read other publications by Ludwig von Mises and Ayn Rand.
He came to know economists Hans Sennholz and Murray Rothbard well, credits his interest in the study of economics to them. When President Richard Nixon "closed the gold window" by ending American participation in the Bretton Woods System, thus ending the U. S. dollar's loose association with gold on August 15, 1971, Paul decided to enter politics and became a Republican candidate for the United States Congress. In 1974, incumbent Robert R. Casey defeated him for the 22nd district. President Gerald Ford appointed Casey to direct the Federal Maritime Commission, Paul won an April 1976 special election to the vacant office after a runoff. Paul lost the next regular election to Democrat Robert Gammage by fewer than 300 votes, but defeated Gammage in a 1978 rematch, was reelected in 1980 and 1982. Gammage underestimated Paul's popularity among local mothers: "I had real difficulty down in Brazoria County, where he practiced, because he'd delivered half the babies in the county. There were only two obstetricians in the county, the other one was his partner."
Paul served in Congress three different periods: first from 1976 to 1977, after he won a special election from 1979 to 1985, from 1997 to 2013. In his early years, Paul served on the House Banking Committee, where he blamed the Federal Reserve for inflation and spoke against the banking mismanagement that resulted in the savings and loan crisis. Paul argued for a return to the gold standard maintained by the US from 1873–1933, with Senator Jesse Helms convinced the Congress to study the issue, he spoke against the reinstatement of registration for the military draft in 1980, in opposition to President Jimmy Carter and the majority of his fellow Republican members of Congress. During his first term, Paul founded the Foundation for Rational Economics and Education, a non-profit think tank dedicated to promoting principles of limited government and free-market economics. In 1984, Paul became the first chairman of the Citizens for a Sound Economy, a conservative political group founded by Charles and David Koch "to fight for less government, lower taxes, less regulation."
CSE started a Tea Party protest against high taxes in 2002. In 2004, Citizens for a Sound Economy split into two new organizations, with Citizens for a Sound Economy being renamed as FreedomWorks, Cit
UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music
The UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music, located on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles, is “the first school of music to be established in the University of California system.” First established in 2007 under the purview of the UCLA School of Arts and Architecture and the UCLA Division of Humanities, the UC Board of Regents formally voted in January 2016 to establish the school. Supported in part by a generous endowment of $30 million from the Herb Alpert Foundation, the school carries several missions: to educate students through collaborations between performance and scholarship, cultural understandings of the art of music throughout the world, curricula centered on what students need to succeed in music and in life, cross disciplinary integration in the context of a great research university, connections to the musical life of Los Angeles and Southern California; the interim/founding dean Judith Smith was appointed the school's first dean, effective March 1, 2017. The school is subdivided into the Department of Ethnomusicology, the Department of Music, the Department of Musicology.
With the creation in 1919 of an art gallery and music department, the UCLA leadership committed to offer the study of the arts in a liberal arts research university context. The College of Applied Arts was established in 1939 with the inclusion of an art department. In 1960, the college was renamed the College of Fine Arts, which carried departments of art, dance and theater arts. In 1988, several big changes occurred in departments throughout the school: Ethnomusicology and Musicology separated from Music, while Design and Art History separated from Art. Art History and Musicology entered the umbrella of the Humanities division of the college while Design and Ethnomusicology remained in Fine Arts. In 1991, the College of Fine Arts was disestablished, giving rise to two separate schools: the School of the Arts and the School of Theater and Television. With the conjoining of architecture to the School of Fine Arts in UCLA's Professional School Restructuring Initiative in 1994, the school was renamed the School of the Arts and Architecture.
In 2014, a proposal was made for the creation of a School of Music for the college. The new school, called the Herb Alpert School of Music, created in 2016, would join the trio of “independence but complementary arts-centered” schools: the current School of Theater, Television, a redefined School of the Arts and Architecture, the new School of Music. In 2017, UCLA announced the Herb Alpert School of Music would establish the Lowell Milken Fund for American Jewish Music to support research and performance of American Jewish music; the name Herb Alpert School of Music was approved by the Board of Regents after the acceptance of a generous gift of $30 million from the Herb Alpert Foundation in 2007. The entire school is housed in either the Schoenberg Music Building, established in 1955 and 1965, the Evelyn and Mo Ostin Music Center, a pair of buildings completed in 2014. Schoenberg Music Building Named in honor of former UCLA faculty member and composer Arnold Schoenberg, this facility houses the Dean's office, administrative offices for the three departments, most faculty offices, as well as two large theaters.
Schoenberg Hall, which seats about 520, is the main auditorium of the Schoenberg building. Its “rich acoustics” make it the perfect venue for everything from small lectures to large concert ensemble performances; the Jan Popper theater is an intimate 140 seat house intended for small performance groups and lectures, although it has been used for many other types of events.” Aside from the performance venues, Schoenberg Hall contains the Henry Mancini Media Lab as well as the World Music Center. The World Music Center acts like a composing studio, a recording studio, a high tech classroom; the World Music Center includes the Ethnomusicology Archives, the World Musical Instrument Collection, is home to publications by the Ethnomusicology department. Additionally, the building contains a keyboard lab, a computer lab, six classrooms, 36 practice rooms, an orchestra room, a band room, a choral room, the headquarters office of the UCLA Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz Performance as well as the Music Library.
Evelyn and Mo Ostin Music Center The Evelyn and Mo Ostin Music Center, completed in 2014, “includes a high-tech recording studio, spaces for rehearsal and teaching, a café and social space for students, an Internet-based music production center.” Paid for in part by a $10 million donation by Music Industry Executive and Philanthropist Morris “Mo” Ostin and his late wife, Evelyn Ostin, to his alma mater, the center was designed by LA-based architects Daly Genik Architects under the direction of principal Kevin Daly. The center was honored in 2016 at the 46th Annual Los Angeles Architectural Awards by Los Angeles Business Council. Degrees offered: Bachelor of Arts, Musicology Bachelor of Arts, Ethnomusicology Bachelor of Arts, Global Jazz Studies Bachelor of Arts, Music Performance Bachelor of Arts, Music Education Bachelor of Arts, Music Composition Minor in Music Industry Minor in Music History Master of Arts/Ph. D, Ethnomusicology Master of Arts/Ph. D. Musicology Master of Arts/Ph. D. Music Composition Master of Music/DMA, Music Performance Master of Music/DMA, Conducting Master of Music, Music Performance Jazz The Herb Alpert School of Music has 45 active ensembles that perform classical, jazz and world music.
Under the direction of performance faculty, students premiere new works, including those by established composers, students and alumni. UCLA Philharmonia is the flagship orchestra of the UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music, one of Southern California's premiere training orchestras, it performs two or three different programs
John William Carson was an American television host, comedian and producer. He is best known as the host of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Carson received six Emmy Awards, the Television Academy's 1980 Governor's Award, a 1985 Peabody Award, he was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in 1987. Carson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1992 and received a Kennedy Center Honor in 1993. During World War II, Carson served in the Navy. After the war, Carson started a career in radio. Although his show was successful by the end of the 1960s, during the 1970s, Carson became an American icon and remained so after his retirement in 1992, he adopted a casual, conversational approach with extensive interaction with guests, an approach pioneered by Arthur Godfrey and previous Tonight Show hosts Steve Allen and Jack Paar. Former late-night host and friend David Letterman has cited Carson's influence. John William Carson was born on October 23, 1925, in Corning, Iowa, to Ruth Elizabeth Carson and Homer Lloyd "Kit" Carson, a power company manager.
He grew up in the nearby towns of Avoca and Red Oak in southwest Iowa before moving to Norfolk, Nebraska, at the age of eight. There, Carson began developing his talent for entertaining. At the age of 12, Carson found a book on magic at a friend's house and purchased a mail-order magician's kit. After the purchase of the kit, Carson practiced his entertainment skills on family members with card tricks, he was known for following his family members around saying, "Pick a card, any card." Carson's mother sewed him a cape, his first performance was staged in front of the local Kiwanis Club. He was paid $3 a show. Soon, many other performances at local picnics and country fairs followed. After graduating from high school, Carson had his first encounter with Hollywood, he hitchhiked to Hollywood, where he was arrested and fined $50 for impersonating a midshipman, a story regarded as apocryphal. "Johnny embarked on an adventure, one so laden with implications about his future, that some have wondered if the escapade might not be a legend."
Carson joined the United States Navy on June 8, 1943, received V-12 Navy College Training Program officer training at Columbia University and Millsaps College. Commissioned an ensign late in the war, Carson was assigned to the USS Pennsylvania in the Pacific. While in the Navy, Carson posted a 10–0 amateur boxing record, with most of his bouts fought on board the Pennsylvania, he was en route to the combat zone aboard a troop ship when the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ended the war. Carson served as a communications officer in charge of decoding encrypted messages, he said that the high point of his military career was performing a magic trick for United States Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal. In a conversation with Forrestal, the Secretary asked Carson if he planned to stay in the Navy after the war. In response, Carson told him he wanted to be a magician. Forrestal asked him to perform, Carson responded with a card trick. Carson made the discovery that he could entertain and amuse someone as cranky and sophisticated as Forrestal.
To take advantage of the educational opportunities from the Navy, Carson attended the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, where he joined Phi Gamma Delta fraternity and continued performing magic. He majored in journalism with the intention of becoming a comedy writer. Instead, he switched his major to speech and drama a few months because he wanted to become a radio performer. Carson's college thesis, titled "How to Write Comedian Jokes", was a compilation of taped skits and jokes from popular radio shows with Carson explaining the comedic technique in a voice-over, it allowed him to graduate in three years. Carson graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in radio and speech with a minor in physics in 1949. Carson began his broadcasting career in 1950 at WOW television in Omaha. Carson soon hosted. One of his routines involved interviewing pigeons on the roof of the local courthouse that would report on the political corruption they had seen. Carson supplemented his income by serving as master of ceremonies at local church dinners, attended by some of the same politicians and civic leaders whom he had lampooned on the radio.
The wife of one of the Omaha political figures Carson spoofed owned stock in a radio station in Los Angeles, in 1951 referred Carson to her brother, influential in the emerging television market in Southern California. Carson joined CBS-owned Los Angeles television station KNXT. In 1953, comic Red Skelton—a fan of Carson's "cult success" low-budget sketch comedy show, Carson's Cellar on KNXT—asked Carson to join his show as a writer. In 1954, Skelton accidentally knocked himself unconscious during rehearsal an hour before his live show began. Carson successfully filled in for him. In 1955, Jack Benny invited Carson to appear on one of his programs during the opening and closing segments. Carson imitated claimed that Benny had copied his gestures. Benny predicted. Carson hosted several shows besides Carson's Cellar, including the game show Earn Your Vacation and the CBS variety show The Johnny Carson Show, he was a guest panelist on the original To Tell the Truth starting in 1960 becoming a regular panelist from 1961 until 1962.
After the primetime The Johnny Carson Show failed, he moved to New York City to host ABC-TV's Who Do You Trust? known as Do You Trust Your Wife
UCLA School of the Arts and Architecture
The UCLA School of the Arts and Architecture is a professional school at the University of California, Los Angeles. Through the four degree-granting departments, it provides a range of course programs. Additionally, there are eight centers located within the school. In 1919, UCLA's leadership demonstrated an early commitment to offer students opportunities to explore the arts by the establishment of an art gallery and a music department, but in 1939 the College of Applied Arts was founded with the addition of a Department of Art, followed by the College of Fine Arts in 1960, with degrees available in art, dance and theater arts. Following academic restructuring in the late 1980s, the UC Regents formally approved the establishment of two schools: the School of the Arts and the School of Theater and Television. In 1994 architecture and urban design joined the School of the Arts, which became the School of the Arts and Architecture. Brett Steele was appointed dean of the School of the Arts and Architecture in 2017.
Architecture and Urban Design Art Design Media Arts World Arts and Cultures/Dance Art & Global Health Center Art | Sci Center Center for Intercultural Performance Experiential Technologies Center Grunwald Center for the Graphic Arts New Wight Gallery Eli and Edythe Broad Art Center Perloff Hall Glorya Kaufman Hall Three public arts institutions, including a major performing arts program, are located within the School of the Arts and Architecture. These institutions offer access to leading anthropological and contemporary visual arts exhibitions and collections, as well as presentations by performing artists. Hammer Museum Fowler Museum at UCLA UCLA Center for the Art of Performance Rebecca Allen, Professor of Design Media Arts Casey Reas, Professor of Design Media Arts Victoria Vesna, Professor of Design Media Arts Jennifer Steinkamp, Professor of Design Media Arts Erkki Huhtamo, Professor of Design Media Arts Peter Lunenfeld, Professor of Design Media Arts Christian Moeller, Professor of Design Media Arts Eddo Stern, Professor of Design Media Arts Peter Sellars, MacArthur Fellowship, professor of world arts and cultures Catherine Opie, Professor of Photography Andrea Fraser, Professor of New Genres Barbara Kruger, Professor Lari Pittman, Professor of Painting Neil Denari, Professor of Architecture Thom Mayne, Professor of Architecture Sylvia Lavin, Professor of Architecture Greg Lynn, Professor of Architecture UCLA School of the Arts and Architecture
Los Angeles Open (tennis)
The Los Angeles Open was a former tennis tournament held in Los Angeles, United States from 1927 until 2012. It included a women's draw until 1974. Subsequently it integrated into the ATP's professional tennis circuit; the inaugural edition of the event, known as the Pacific Southwest Championships, was organized by Perry T. Jones and held at the Los Angeles Tennis Club in October 1927. Bill Tilden and Kea Bouman were the first singles champions; the tournament became a prestigious event on the tennis calendar. The tournament was held in July or August, hosted the top men in the world. Tournament winners from its beginning in 1927 until 1967 included most of the world's No. 1 tennis players: Bill Tilden, Ellsworth Vines, Don Budge, Fred Perry, Jack Kramer, Pancho Gonzales and amateur champions Roy Emerson and Barry MacKay. In the open era the event was known by various names including Farmers Classic, Countrywide Classic, Los Angeles Tennis Open, Pacific South West Open and Jack Kramer Open. Jack Kramer became the tournament director in 1970.
In the open era, the tournament was won by Rod Laver twice, a second and third time by Gonzales, Stan Smith, Arthur Ashe, Jimmy Connors, John McEnroe, Pete Sampras, Richard Krajicek, Andre Agassi. In doubles and Mike Bryan won a record six titles. From 1975 to 1979 the tournament was played indoors at the Pauley Pavilion. Beginning in 1984, the tournament was held at the Los Angeles Tennis Center at UCLA, built to host the 1984 Summer Olympics tennis event; the matches were played on the Straus Stadium court with a capacity of 6,500 and the 1,500-seat capacity Grandstand court. It was last an ATP World Tour 250 series tournament on the ATP Tour and had a 28-player singles draw and 16-team doubles draw; the tournament, with prize money of $557,550 in 2012, was one of the events included in the US Open Series. Special events during the tournament's run included Kids Day, Fashion Day, Valspar Performance Challenge, a Legends Invitational Singles competition. Colombian investors who purchased the tournament's license for $1.5 million at the end of 2012 moved the tournament to Bogotá.
The new tournament is called the Claro Open Colombia. Pacific Coast Championships – tournament held in various locations in Northern California LA Women's Tennis Championships – women's tournament Official website