Sierra Highway or El Camino Sierra is a road in Southern California, United States. El Camino Sierra refers to the full length of a trail formed in the 19th century, rebuilt as highways in the early 20th century, that ran from Los Angeles to Lake Tahoe following parts of modern State Route 14, U. S. Route 395 and State Route 89. Two portions of this road are signed as Sierra Highway; the first is an old alignment of SR 14/U. S. Route 6 from Los Angeles to Mojave; this road is signed with the unusual designation of State Route 14U through the city of Santa Clarita. The second part signed. Traversing the extremes of California, from the Mojave Desert to the Sierra Nevada, El Camino Sierra has been advertised to the world as a highway to showcase the natural beauty of California as far back as 1910. Though most of Sierra Highway was bypassed in the early 1970s with freeways, the road is still well known; the portion through the San Gabriel Mountains is noted as the primary filming location for the film Duel.
El Camino Sierra connects Los Angeles with Lake Tahoe along the eastern edge of California, serving the counties of Los Angeles, Inyo, Alpine and El Dorado. The highway exists. North of Mojave, El Camino Sierra is better known by the numbered designations in current use. While traversing the state, the highway crosses several mountain passes; the highway crests the San Gabriel Mountains via Soledad Pass. While in the Sierra Nevada the highway crosses Sherwin Summit, Deadman Summit, Conway Summit, Devil's Gate Pass, Monitor Pass and Luther Pass. Sierra Highway begins at Tunnel Station within the northernmost limits of the City of Los Angeles, where it intersects with San Fernando Road; this junction was the intersection of U. S. Route 99 and U. S. Route 6, it is located adjacent to the intersection of the replacement freeways, the Newhall Pass interchange of Interstate 5 and State Route 14. The highway serves as one of the main thoroughfares of Santa Clarita. Through the city, Route 14 was moved to a freeway alignment in 1971.
As a result, this portion is signed California State Route 14U, the U signifying "un-relinquished". Formal specifications for Route 14U are not published on Caltrans logs, but the route's existence is acknowledged in Caltrans' bridge inventory logs. According to the City of Santa Clarita, Caltrans maintains Sierra Highway from 500 feet north of Newhall Avenue to Whispering Leaves Drive; the remaining part of Sierra Highway through the City of Santa Clarita is maintained by the City and not part of the 14U designation. Sierra Highway, modern Route 14, a main line of the Union Pacific Railroad all cross the San Gabriel Mountains, cresting the mountains at Soledad Pass; the three transportation arteries use different paths up the mountains, separating at Santa Clarita and converging near Acton. Sierra Highway uses Mint Canyon, the railroad uses Soledad Canyon and the modern Route 14 is a hybrid route using the ridges and side canyons between the two older routes; these canyons are formed by its tributaries.
Upon exiting the mountains, Sierra Highway enters the Antelope Valley and serves as one of the main streets of Palmdale and Rosamond. The highway runs parallel to the railroad, becoming a frontage road. Just shy of Mojave the freeway portion of Route 14 ends, while the frontage road becomes a dirt path and terminates. From this point, the canonical route of Sierra Highway joins State Route 14, passing through downtown Mojave. North of Mojave the alignments of State Routes 14 and 89, U. S. Route 395 have not changed since first paved, are called El Camino Sierra. Significant portions have been upgraded to a divided highway; the highway cuts across Red Rock Canyon State Park to follow a series of valleys along the crest of the Sierra Nevada. While traversing the Owens Valley, the Sierra Highway passes Mount Whitney, the highest point in the contiguous United States, 10,000 feet above the highway; as of 2009, the only other signed section of Sierra Highway is a portion of U. S. 395 past the separation with U.
S. 6 in Bishop. U. S. 395 was rebuilt on a new alignment on the ascent around Crowley Lake. Unlike the highway relocation in southern California, the old alignments have been renamed, now called Lower Rock Creek Road, Old Sherwin Grade, Crowley Creek Road. From here to Lake Tahoe, the highway crosses mountainous terrain inside the Sierra Nevada, giving the highway its name. While in the Sierra Nevada, the road passes by attractions such as Mammoth Mountain, Yosemite National Park and Mono Lake. El Camino Sierra separates from U. S. 395, just prior to the Nevada state line at Topaz Lake, following SR 89. This is the only portion of the route not used year-round, as Caltrans closes Route 89 over Monitor Pass during winter months. Motorists destined for Lake Tahoe during the winter closures can continue along US 395 into Nevada, return to California via Nevada State Route 88 or Nevada State Route 207; the first recorded journey along what would become El Camino Sierra was by Jedediah Smith in 1826. The trail was in common use by prospectors passing through the area because of the California Gold Rush and Comstock Lode.
While still a dirt road, several people began promoting El Camino Sierra as a scenic route. In 1910, the Los Angeles Times announced that Governor Gillet had announced funding to construct a new road to connect El Camino Real with Yosemite Natio
Venice Boulevard is a major east–west thoroughfare in Los Angeles, running from the ocean in the Venice district, past the I-10 intersection, into downtown Los Angeles. It was known as West 16th Street under the Los Angeles numbered street system; the western terminus of Venice Boulevard is Ocean Front Walk in Venice. Proceeding easterly, it assumes the designation California State Route 187 crossing Lincoln Boulevard; the route passes through the Mar Vista neighborhood. Further east, it forms the boundary between Palms and Culver City and passes near Sony Pictures Studios. Continuing northeast into the Crestview neighborhood in West Los Angeles, the SR 187 designation terminates at the intersection with Cadillac Avenue and the ramp carrying traffic from westbound I-10. Continuing to parallel Washington Boulevard directly to its south, as it does for much of its length, the route proceeds between the Pico-Robertson neighborhood in West Los Angeles and Lafayette Square in Mid-City, through the Mid-Wilshire district, through Arlington Heights and Harvard Heights, dips under the Harbor Freeway, continues into the heart of downtown Los Angeles, where it turns into East 16th Street at Main Street.
Metro Local line 33 and Metro Rapid line 733 operate on Venice Boulevard. The Metro Expo Line serves a rail station at its intersection with Robertson Boulevard. Prior to 1932, West 16th Street ended at Crenshaw Boulevard. In that year part of the Pacific Electric Railway right of way was taken and Venice Boulevard was cut through from La Brea Avenue to Crenshaw. At that time West 16th Street was renamed Venice Boulevard. Venice High School is located near the intersection with Walgrove Avenue. Loyola High School is located by Vermont Avenue; the Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery lies on Venice
Central Avenue (Los Angeles)
Central Avenue is a major north-south thoroughfare in the central portion of the Los Angeles, California metropolitan area. Located just to the west of the Alameda Corridor, it runs from the eastern end of the Los Angeles Civic Center south, ending at Del Amo Boulevard in Carson. From north to south, Central Avenue passes through Downtown Los Angeles, South Los Angeles and Carson. Near its northern end, Central Avenue passes through Little Tokyo, Los Angeles' oldest Japanese neighborhood and now a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. On Central Avenue just north of First Street is the former Hompa Hongwangi Buddhist Temple, it was declared Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No.313 in 1986. Across Central Avenue from the Temple is the Japanese American National Museum, north of, the original branch of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, now known as the Geffen Contemporary at MOCA. In the 1200 block of Central Avenue is the 1930s era Streamline Modern Los Angeles bottling plant of the Coca-Cola company, designed to resemble an ocean liner, complete with porthole windows and metal-railed catwalks.
It was declared Los Angeles Historic-cultural Monument #138 in 1975. At 2300 Central is the now closed Lincoln Theatre, opened in 1926 and long the leading venue in the city for African-American entertainment, it was declared Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument # 744 in 2003. At 4233 Central Avenue is the Dunbar Hotel, Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #131 since 1974. During the era of segregation, when they were barred from the city's major hotels, the Dunbar was the hotel at which visiting black celebrities were most to stay; the Hotel is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. At 4261 Central Avenue is Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #580, the 1928 Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Building, original headquarters of one of the leading African-American owned insurance business companies the state of California. Located at 2700 Central Ave is 27th Street Bakery. Famous for its sweet potatoes pies; the bakery was a restaurant, established in the 1930's by Harry Patterson and his wife.
The couple catered to African American immigrants from the South. It was in 1956; the bakery is one of the few African American owned business left in Central Ave were the Latino presence continues to grow. The bakery has been in the same family for 3 generations and is owned by Jeanette Pickens the granddaughter of Harry Patterson the founder of the bakery. 27th Street Bakery is the largest manufacturer of sweet potatoes pies in the west coast. You can now find them in retail stores such Ralphs, Albertsons, 7 Eleven, KFC and Louisiana Famous Fried Chicken; the bakery was impacted during the 1992 LA Riots due to the damage, occurring outside in the streets it decreased their clientele because the people were unable to get through to the bakery for about two weeks. During the 1950's to the 1990's the bakery was catering towards the African American community but with the growing population of Hispanics in the area during the early 2000's they have branched out adding to their menu sweet bread such as conchas and empanadas to cater to the Hispanic community.
They have translated their menu into Spanish. The bakery added Internet services; the Bakery is part of Central Ave and the community and it continues to evolve along with it. The Central Avenue Jazz Festival is a yearly free music festival held the last weekend of July along a stretch of Central Avenue which includes the Dunbar Hotel; the festival features jazz and Latin jazz performed by well-known and upcoming artists from the area. Central Avenue provides bus service along Metro Local: Line 53. From 1920 to 1955, Central Avenue was the heart of the African-American community in Los Angeles, with active rhythm and blues and jazz music scenes. Local luminaries included Eric Dolphy, Art Pepper, Chico Hamilton, Charles Mingus. Other jazz and R&B musicians associated with Central Avenue in LA include Benny Carter, Buddy Collette, Dexter Gordon, Lionel Hampton, Hampton Hawes, Big Jay McNeely, Johnny Otis, Shifty Henry, Charlie Parker, Gerald Wilson, Anthony Ortega, Onzy Matthews and Teddy Wilson.
Commenting on its historical prominence, Wynton Marsalis once remarked that "Central Avenue was the 52nd Street of Los Angeles." Although Central Avenue is no longer the thriving jazz center it was, its legacy is preserved by the Central Avenue Jazz Festival and a small number of jazz clubs, including Bluewhale in Little Tokyo. Lionel Hampton composed and performed a tune called "Central Avenue Breakdown". Dave Alvin's tribute to Big Joe Turner, "The Boss of the Blues", describes a drive down Central Avenue and Turner's reminiscences about the scene. Underground rapper Bones names a song "CentralAve" on album "Rotten". Central Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles, Clora Bryant et al. ISBN 978-0-520-22098-0 Central Avenue: Its Rise and Fall, 1890-C1955, Including the Musical Renaissance of Black LA, Bette Yarbrough Cox, ISBN 978-0-9650783-1-3 The Great Black Way: L. A.’s Central Avenue in the 1940s And the Rise of African-American Pop Culture, R. J. Smith, ISBN 978-1-58648-295-4 Upside Your Head! Rhythm and Blues on Central Avenue, Johnny Otis, ISBN 978-0-8195-6287-6 Fourteen albums contain the name "Central Avenue" in their titles, including CDs by Pete Johnson, Nat King Cole, Big Jay McNeely, Jack McVea, Big Joe Turner, Teddy Wilson and Savoy Records.
History of Jazz on Central Aven
Transportation in Los Angeles
Los Angeles has a complex multimodal transportation infrastructure, which serves as a regional and international hub for passenger and freight traffic. The system includes the United States' largest port complex. People in Los Angeles rely on cars as the dominant mode of transportation, but starting in 1990 Los Angeles Metro Rail has built over one hundred miles of light and heavy rail serving more and more parts of Los Angeles. In the Los Angeles metropolitan area there are five commercial airports and many more general-aviation airports; the primary Los Angeles airport is Los Angeles International Airport. The seventh busiest commercial airport in the world and the third busiest in the United States, LAX handled 61.9 million passengers, 1.884 million metric tons of cargo and 680,954 aircraft movements in 2007. Other major nearby commercial airports include: LA/Ontario International Airport; the world's busiest general-aviation airport is located in Los Angeles, Van Nuys Airport. Santa Monica Airport is located in Los Angeles.
Union Station is the major regional train station for Amtrak and Metro Rail. The station is Amtrak's fifth busiest station, having 1,464,289 Amtrak boardings and de-boardings in 2006. Amtrak operates eleven daily round trips between San Diego and Los Angeles, five of which continue to Santa Barbara via the Pacific Surfliner, the only service that runs through Los Angeles multiple times daily. Two of those trips continue to California; the Coast Starlight provides additional service on the route and beyond to the San Francisco Bay Area, on to Seattle, Washington. Amtrak motor coaches connect from Los Angeles to the San Joaquin Route in Bakersfield with frequent service through the Central Valley of California to Sacramento and Oakland, eastward to San Bernardino and Las Vegas. There is daily service to Chicago, Illinois on the Southwest Chief, three times a week to New Orleans, Louisiana on the Sunset Limited. Due to the effects from Hurricane Katrina, Sunset Limited service between New Orleans to Jacksonville, Florida has been discontinued, although Amtrak is required by current Federal Law to develop a plan to reinstate the service.
The Texas Eagle is a second train to Chicago. Sunset Limited and Texas Eagle trains operate on the same track between Los Angeles and San Antonio, Texas before splitting off towards their respective destinations. Amtrak Pacific Surfliner trains stop at several locations in Los Angeles County, including: Glendale, Bob Hope Airport in Burbank and Van Nuys. Due to the large volumes of import freight that flows into the city's port complex, Los Angeles is a major freight railroad hub. Freight is hauled by Union Pacific BNSF Railway; the now-defunct Southern Pacific Railroad once served the Los Angeles area before merging with Union Pacific. The Alameda Corridor, a below-grade rail corridor connects the port to the city's main rail yards and to points further north and east; the major highway routes providing intercity connections are Interstate 5, U. S. Route 101, Interstate 10. Greyhound, BoltBus and various smaller bus lines provide intercity bus services. Megabus and Boltbus departs from Union Station and directly connects Los Angeles to San Francsico and Las Vegas.
Greyhound connects smaller departs from various locations within metro Los Angeles. The main station is located in downtown Los Angeles. Greyhound Lines operates several stations within the city of Los Angeles: Hollywood Station Los Angeles Station Los Angeles Wall North Hollywood Station Greyhound Lines operates stations in the following cities and areas surrounding Los Angeles: Anaheim: Anaheim Station Compton: Compton Station East Los Angeles: Los Angeles Olympic Station El Monte El Monte Station El Monte AAU Glendale: Glendale Station Lancaster: Lancaster Station Long Beach: Long Beach Station Palmdale: Palmdale Transportation Center Pasadena: Pasadena Station Santa Ana Santa Ana Station Santa Ana Main StreetGreyhound Lines services bus stops at: Huntington Park Los Angeles: Union Station The Port of Los Angeles is located in San Pedro Bay in the San Pedro neighborhood 20 miles south of Downtown. Called Los Angeles Harbor and WORLDPORT L. A. the port complex occupies 7,500 acres of water along 43 miles of waterfront.
It adjoins the separate Port of Long Beach. The sea ports of the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach together make up the Los Angeles–Long Beach Harbor. There are smaller, non-industrial harbors along L. A.'s coastline. Most of these like Redondo Beach and Marina del Rey are used by sailboats and yachts; the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach comprise the largest seaport complex in the United States and the fifth busiest in the world. Over 11 percent of United States international trade passes through the Los Angeles region and it the Los Angeles customs district collects over 37 percent of the nation’s import duties; the port includes four bridges: the Vincent Thomas Bridge, Henry Ford Bridge, Gerald
LATTC/Ortho Institute station
LATTC/Ortho Institute Los Angeles Trade-Technical College/Orthopaedic Institute for Children, is an at-grade light rail station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system, located on Flower Street at 23rd Street, in the North University Park neighborhood of Los Angeles. This station is served by the Expo Line, it is served by the Metro Silver Line. Northbound Silver Line buses to Downtown Los Angeles stop at Figueroa St./23rd Street. Southbound Silver Line buses to Harbor Gateway Transit Center/Pacific/21st Street stop at Flower St./ 23rd Street. Automated voice announcements, which are recorded for use over multiple years, continued to refer to the station as "23rd Street" until 2015. Expo Line service hours are from 5 AM to 12:30 AM on weekdays and 5 AM to 2:30 AM on weekends. Service started on Saturday, April 28, 2012. Regular service began on Monday, April 30, 2012. Metro Silver Line service hours are from 4:15 AM to 1:50 AM daily; the southbound portion of the Metro Silver Line between Figueroa Street & 23rd Street and Flower Street & Adams Boulevard was modified on April 30, 2012 so that southbound buses towards Harbor Gateway Transit Center/Pacific/21st Street would have a new stop next to 23rd Street Expo Line Station.
For the June 2013 service changes, a new Metro Silver Line stop was added at Figueroa Street & 23rd Street. For the December 15, 2013 service changes, the Silver Line's southbound route was modified to run on Flower Street. Southbound Silver Line buses stop at Flower 23rd Street. LATTC/Ortho Institute station is located on the east side of Flower Street, adjacent to the 110 Freeway, just south of 23rd Street; this station serves the North University Park neighborhood to the south of Downtown L. A, it is within walking distance of two colleges: L. A. Trade Tech College Mount St. Mary's College Los Angeles Orthopedic Hospital St. John's Episcopal Cathedral. LATTC/Ortho Institute station has one entrance on the south side of 23rd/Flower, another just north of the Harbor Freeway overcrossing; the station's art was created by artist Christofer C. Dierdorff. Entitled The Intimacy of Place, the installation uses photographs of the fronts and backs of the heads of local people, creating intimate portraits that show each individual in the context of her/his role in the community.
Media related to 23rd Street at Wikimedia Commons Metro Expo Line Construction Authority Project Website, Metro Rail Expo Corridor, Phase 1 to Culver City Artist Christofer Dierdorff Website
Gower Street (Los Angeles)
Gower Street is a street in Los Angeles, California that has played an important role in the ongoing evolution of Hollywood as the home to several prominent Poverty Row studios during the area's Golden Age. It marks the eastern terminus of the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Gower Street begins at the corner of 1st Street in the Hancock Park district as a residential street, becomes industrial, commercial as it bisects the Hollywood district, becomes residential again north of Franklin Avenue, terminates in Beachwood Canyon at Beachwood Drive near the Hollywood Sign. Gower Street marks the western boundary of the Hollywood Forever Cemetery just south of Santa Monica Boulevard. A farmer from Hawaii named John T. Gower brought in the area's first harvesting equipment and built his home near this street before his death in 1880, a time when Hollywood was an independent city. Upon Hollywood's annexation by the city of Los Angeles in 1910, this street was named in his honor. Many of the original Hollywood movie studios were located near Gower Street.
The Paramount Pictures lot sits on the corner of Melrose Avenue. Gower Street was the location of the first motion picture studio built in Hollywood. Nestor Studios, founded by David and William Horsley and operated by Al Christie in 1911, the Christie Studios occupied a building at the northwest corner of Gower Street and Sunset Boulevard; this same location was home to the Columbia Drugstore, famous for a soda fountain, frequented by many young movie stars. The drugstore was home to an outdoor magazine and newspaper vendor where many celebrities bought their hometown newspapers; the original Nestor Studios site went through various owners until the Columbia Broadcasting System bought it in 1935. CBS demolished Hollywood’s historic first studio, built a $2 million facility that set the stage for the era of Television in Hollywood. Beginning in the 1930s, Gower Street earned the nickname "Gower Gulch" because of the many extras in Westerns who would dress in their cowboy costumes at home walk south to Paramount and RKO studios, which were all located just off Gower Street south of Sunset Boulevard.
Today, a strip-mall named "Gower Gulch", built to resemble a Western set, sits on the southwest corner of Sunset and Gower as a reminder of that era. The phrase "Gower Gulch" is painted on an actual chuck wagon that sits on the site of the old "Copper Skillet" coffee shop, where the cowboys used to have their breakfast. Gower Street became well known to wartime movie audiences in the film Thank Your Lucky Stars when Dennis Morgan and Joan Leslie visit "Gower Gulch", they hear Spike Jones and His City Slickers at the movie colony village situated at the northern end of Gower Street in the Hollywood Hills. Although the scene is a set built in the studio, it is a faithful replica of the actual village that stood there built from discarded movie sets; the street was the subject of a comic song heard in a 1951 Warner Bros. "Daffy Duck" cartoon called "Drip-Along Daffy". The song is called "The Flower of Gower Gulch" and was written by Michael Maltese, though he is uncredited in the actual short; the avenue was featured in the Warren Zevon song "Desperados Under the Eaves".
The Hollywood Walk of Fame begins at the corner of Hollywood Boulevard and Gower Street
Metro Local is a bus service type in Los Angeles County operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. This retronym designation was placed to differentiate it from the Metro Rapid service. Metro Local buses cover both local, limited-stop, shuttle bus services. Metro Local buses are distinguished by their prominent orange color. Based on availability of equipment, units in non-Metro Local livery may be placed into service on lines that use Metro Local buses. There are bus lines that are operated under contract with MV Transportation, Southland Transit, Transdev. Metro Local buses can be found on 400-series and 500-series routes, which are Metro Express routes with different fare structures and routing. Metro buses are given line numbers; this method was devised by the SCRTD, Metro's predecessor. All service operated by Metro as of 28 June 2018. Local bus service to/from other areas; the line numbering begins at line 2 and proceeds counterclockwise around Downtown Los Angeles, ending at line 96 East/west service, not serving Downtown Los Angeles.
North/south service, not serving Downtown Los Angeles. Limited-stop versions of traditional local routes, which make fewer stops and operate during peak times. Most limited-stop routes are designated by placing a 3 before a main line number. Most limited-stop routes have been replaced by Metro Rapid routes. Shuttles, special routes and local service within one or two adjacent neighborhoods and/or jurisdictions. Former Metro Local Routes