Western Avenue (Los Angeles)
Western Avenue is a major four-lane street in the city of Los Angeles and through the center portion of Los Angeles County, California. It is one of the longest north–south streets in Los Angeles city and county, apart from Sepulveda Boulevard, it is about 29 miles long. The avenue is known for prostitution between Melrose Avenue and 2nd Street. Western Avenue passes through a large diversity of residential neighborhoods in Los Angeles County. From the south, where it transitions into Paseo Del Mar near White Point and the Pacific Ocean, it begins in San Pedro passes though Rancho Palos Verdes, Harbor City and South Los Angeles, it is the easternmost border of Torrance. Around the Pico Boulevard, Olympic Boulevard, Wilshire Boulevard intersections, Western Avenue passes through Koreatown. Further north, Western Avenue passes through the East Hollywood district. Around the Santa Monica Boulevard, Sunset Boulevard, Hollywood Boulevard intersections, it passes through the East Hollywood neighborhoods of Little Armenia and Thai Town.
The northern terminus of Western is north of Franklin Avenue in the Los Feliz district, at the base of the Hollywood Hills. The road curves east becoming Los Feliz Boulevard, a major east/west thoroughfare through Los Feliz to the Golden State Freeway and from there into the city of Glendale. Another Western Avenue begins north of Griffith Park and is located in the San Fernando Valley area of Glendale, its southwest terminus is nearly due north of where Los Angeles' Western Avenue transitions into Los Feliz Boulevard. California State Route 213 is designated as the portion of Western Avenue from Interstate 405 to 25th Street, in San Pedro. California State Route 258 is designated as the portion of Western Avenue from Interstate 405 to the Hollywood Freeway US 101; the street derives its name from its history as the western–most border of Los Angeles city limits in the 19th century, before annexations in the early 20th century expanded the city westward and onwards. In 1923, Alejandro Borquez opened the Sonora Cafe on Western.
The cafe, which in 1927 changed its name to El Cholo Spanish Cafe, is credited with the invention of the burrito. Western Avenue is served by three metro Los Angeles Metro Rail stations: Hollywood Boulevard on the Red Line Wilshire Boulevard on the Purple Line Exposition Boulevard on the Expo Line Metro Local lines 205 and 207, in addition to Metro Rapid line 757 and Gardena Transit line 2 operate on Western Avenue. Metro local lines 207 and 757 run between Imperial Highway. Gardena Line 2: between Imperial Highway and Pacific Coast Highway Metro line 205 between Pacific Coast Highway and 1st Street in San Pedro. YouTube: Western Avenue Los Angeles
Alameda Street is a north-south street in Los Angeles County, California. It is 21 miles in length, running from Harry Bridges Boulevard in Wilmington. For much of its length, Alameda runs through present and former industrial corridors, is paralleled by Southern Pacific Railway tracks. Alameda Street runs on the east side of the Old Plaza, Los Angeles, once ran along the westside of Old Chinatown. In the late 19th century, Alameda Street and Commercial Street were Los Angeles' original red-light district. South of Union Station, Alameda Street enters Little Tokyo and the former Warehouse District, now the Arts District. At one time, a lot on Alameda and 8th was a haven for free-speech demonstrations. At 27th Street, Alameda Street splits into two roadways divided by the 10-mile Mid-Corridor Trench: a local roadway on the east and the main Alameda Street to the west. Here, Alameda Street intersects with Slauson Avenue, Florence Avenue, Firestone Boulevard and Imperial Highway; each of these streets is grade-separated from the rail line.
Though Alameda Street has interchanges with I-10, CA-91 and Interstate 405, it does not have an interchange with I-105 near Watts. Alameda Street is designated California State Route 47 between the California State Route 91 and Henry Ford Avenue. There are few at-grade crossing with other streets in this portion of Alameda, with Artesia Boulevard, Del Amo Boulevard, Carson Street, 223rd Street Sepulveda Boulevard, Pacific Coast Highway, all flying over Alameda while being connected to it with connector ramps. Alameda Street descends into a tunnel between California State 91 and Del Amo Boulevard, at which point the Alameda Corridor crosses from the east to the west of Alameda. South of Henry Ford Avenue, Alameda Street continues for another 1.4 miles in Wilmington before ending at Harry Bridges Boulevard. Alameda Street has a long history of Southern Pacific Railroad tracks parallel to it. Before the building of Union Station, Southern Pacific trains would travel along Alameda between Naud Junction and the Southern Pacific Arcade Station on 5th Street.
Though Southern Pacific rerouted its downtown tracks to the LA River, Alameda still carries SP tracks between 27th Street and the Port of Los Angeles. This area is known as the Alameda Corridor. With the 2002 completion of the Alameda Corridor in a trench adjacent to Alameda, the trackage is now shared by the BNSF Railway and Union Pacific Railroad. Los Angeles Union Station fronts onto Alameda Street. Metro Local Line 202 runs along Alameda Street between Pacific Coast Highway. Metro Local Line 58 served Alameda Street between Union Station and Washington, but was discontinued in 2005. Three Metro Gold Line Stations are located on Alameda Street: Little Tokyo/Arts District, Union Station, Chinatown. Union Station is served by the Red and Purple lines, as well as Metrolink and Amtrak
Alvarado Street is a north–south thoroughfare in Los Angeles, California in the United States. The street was named after California governor Juan Bautista Alvarado. North of Glendale Boulevard, it starts off as a residential street, it becomes a major thoroughfare south of Glendale Boulevard. Directly south of Pico Boulevard and north of Venice Boulevard, Alvarado Street merges with Hoover Street. Alvarado Street is signed as State Route 2 from Glendale Boulevard to the Hollywood Freeway. Landmarks on the thoroughfare include the Saint Vincent Medical Center, the Metro station for the Red and Purple Lines at Wilshire Boulevard across from the adjacent MacArthur Park, the Pico-Union Branch Library. Langer's Delicatessen-Restaurant and El Pollo Loco's first United States restaurant are located on Alvarado Street, where it became a local favorite. Edward's Steak House was located on this street; the Peoples Temple's Los Angeles building was located at 1366 South Alvarado Street. The Romanesque Revival–style structure was designed by architect Elmer Grey in 1912 for the First Church of Christ, Scientist.
Metro Local line 200 operates on Alvarado Street. The Metro Shuttle 603 operates on Alvarado Street going only southbound. Langer's Deli MacArthur Park St. Vincent Medical Center Westlake Theatre
A people mover or automated people mover is a type of small scale automated guideway transit system. The term is used only to describe systems serving small areas such as airports, downtown districts or theme parks; the term was applied to three different systems, developed at the same time. One was Skybus, an automated mass transit system prototyped by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation beginning in 1964; the second, alternately called the People Mover and Minirail, opened in Montreal at Expo 67. The last, called PeopleMover or WEDway PeopleMover, was an attraction, presented by Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company and that opened at Disneyland in 1967. Now, the term "people mover" is generic, may use technologies such as monorail, automated guideway transit or maglev. Propulsion may involve linear motors or cable traction. Speaking, larger APMs are referred to by other names; the most generic is "automated guideway transit", which encompasses any automated system regardless of size. Some complex APMs deploy fleets of small vehicles over a track network with off-line stations, supply near non-stop service to passengers.
These taxi-like systems are more referred to as personal rapid transit. Larger systems, with vehicles with 20 to 40 passengers, are sometimes referred to as "group rapid transit", although this term is not common. Other complex APMs have similar characteristics to mass transit systems, there is no clear cut distinction between a complex APM of this type and an automated mass transit system. Another term "Light Metro" is applied to describe the system worldwide. One of the first automated systems for human transportation was the screw-driven'Never-Stop-Railway', constructed for the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley, London in 1924; this railway consisted of 88 unmanned carriages, on a continuous double track along the northern and eastern sides of the exhibition, with reversing loops at either end. The carriages ran on two parallel concrete beams and were guided by pulleys running on the inner side of these concrete beams, were propelled by gripping a revolving screw thread running between the tracks in a pit.
The railway ran reliably for the two years of the exhibition, was dismantled. Small sections of this track bed, a nearby heavy rail track bed, have been proposed for reuse. In late 1949, Mike Kendall, chief engineer and Chairman of the Board of Stephens-Adamson Manufacturing Company, an Illinois-based manufacturer of conveyor belts and systems, asked Al Neilson, an engineer in the Industrial Products Division of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. if Goodyear had considered working on People Movers. He felt that with Goodyear's ability to move materials in large quantities on conveyor belts they should consider moving batches of people. Four years of engineering design and testing led to a joint patent being issued for three types of people movers, named Speedwalk and Carveyor. Goodyear would sell the concept and Stephens-Adamson would manufacture and install the components. A Speedwalk consisted of a flat conveyor belt riding on a series of rollers, or a flat slippery surface, moving at 1.5 mph. The passengers could stand or walk to the exit point.
They were supported by a moving handrail. Customers were expected to include airport terminals, train stations, etc. Today, several manufacturers produce. A Speedramp was similar to a Speedwalk but it was used to change elevations; this could have been accomplished by an escalator, but the Speedramp would allow wheeled luggage, small handcarts etc. to ride the belt at an operating cost predicted to be much lower than escalators or elevators. The first successful installation of a Speedramp was in the spring of 1954 at the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Station in Jersey City, New Jersey to connect the Erie Railroad to the Hudson and Manhattan Tubes; this unit was 227 feet long with a rise of 22 feet on a 15 degree grade, only cost $75,000. A Carveyor consisted of many small cubicles or cars carrying ten people riding on a flat conveyor belt from point A to point B; the belt rode on a series of motorized rollers. The purpose of the motorized rollers was to facilitate the gradual acceleration and deceleration speeds on the conveyor belt and overcome the tendency of all belts to stretch at start up and during shutdown.
At point "A" passengers would enter a Speedwalk running parallel to the belts and cars of the Carveyor. The cars would be moving at the same speed as the Speedwalk. At point B Passengers could disembark and by means of a series of flat slower belts go to other Carveyors to other destinations or out to the street; the cars at point B would continue on rollers around a semicircle and reverse the process carrying passengers back to point A. The initial installation was to be the 42nd Street Shuttle in New York City between Times Square and Grand Central station; the first mention of the Carveyor in a hardback book was in There's Adventure in Civil Engineering by Neil P. Ruzic, one of a series of books published by Popular Mechanics in the 1950s in their "Career" series. In the book the Carveyor was already
Cypress is a city in northern Orange County within Southern California. Its population was 47,802 at the 2010 census; the first people living in the area now known as Cypress were the Gabrieleno, a Native American tribe of the Tongva people, who were displaced soon after the arrival of the Europeans. The government of Spain possessed the land until Mexico gained its independence in 1821. Mexico lost Alta California to the United States during the period following the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican–American War; the original Spanish dons held immense tracts of land throughout California, which were given in lieu of pay to Spanish soldiers. Manuel Nieto was landowners in the area. After his death in 1804, his sons retained title to Rancho Los Nietos, but these lands were broken up and distributed among them in 1833 by a grant from the Mexican governor, José Figueroa. Manuel's son, Juan José Nieto, retained the title to a large portion of his father's original properties in southern California that included the present-day area of Cypress.
That land and other Rancho properties were sold to the American Abel Stearns acquired by the Robinson Trust, a group of investors, which parlayed their holdings into a vast land speculation business. Cypress was nicknamed "Waterville" due to the preponderance of artesian wells in the area, but was incorporated under the name Dairy City in 1956 by local dairy farmers as a means of staving off developers and to preserve their dairies, much like the then-neighboring cities of Dairy Valley in Cerritos and Dairyland in La Palma. After World War II, the land became too valuable for farming or ranching, the dairies sold out to housing developers during the 1960s, so that by the 1970s no dairies remained. Many of the dairymen moved their operations to Chino, where development is once again pushing them out of the area. In 1957 local residents voted to change the name of "Dairy City" to "Cypress"; the name was taken from Cypress Elementary School which took its name from the Cypress trees planted to protect the schoolhouse from the seasonal Santa Ana winds.
Cypress Elementary School provided the name for new Pacific Electric Railway station on Walker Street at Lincoln Avenue when the Santa Ana Line was completed in 1906, as "Waterville" had been used elsewhere in the system. In 1981 the City of Cypress inaugurated an annual birthday celebration for the City; the event, the Cypress Community Festival may be the largest single-day event of its kind in Orange County, California. The Cypress Community Festival is held annually on the 4th Saturday in July at Oak Knoll Park, located adjacent to the Cypress Community Center at 5700 Orange Avenue, between Valley View Street and Walker Avenue. Cypress is bounded to the north by the city of La Palma clockwise by Buena Park, Stanton, Garden Grove, Los Alamitos, Long Beach, Hawaiian Gardens, Lakewood. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.1 square kilometers. 17.0 square kilometers of it is 0.14 % is water. Its Geographical coordinates are 33°49′6″N 118°2′21″W. Cypress is adjacent to the Imperial Estates neighborhood of Long Beach and the Coyote Creek bicycle path to the west and is 13 miles north of Bolsa Chica.
The closest beach to Cypress is Seal Beach, 7.8 miles away from the center of Cypress. Cypress is less than a 20-minute drive from Long Beach Airport; as of the census of 2000, there were 46,229 people, 15,654 households, 12,241 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,991.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 16,028 housing units at an average density of 2,423.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 65.61% White, 20.81% Asian, 0.40% Pacific Islander, 2.77% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 5.44% from other races, 4.38% from two or more races. 15.65 % of the population were Latino. There were 15,654 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.8% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.31.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $64,377, the median income for a family was $70,060. Males had a median income of $50,781 versus $36,337 for females; the per capita income for the city was $25,798. About 4.6% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over. The 2008 population estimated by the California Department of Finance was 49,541; the 2010 United States Census reported that Cypress had a population of 47,802. The population density was 7,253.4 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Cypress was 26,000 White, 1,444 African American, 289 Native American, 14,978 Asian, 234 Pacific Islander, 2,497 from other races, 2,360 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8,779 persons. The Census
Rosecrans Avenue is a major west-east thoroughfare in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, California, USA. It has a total length of 27.5 miles. The street is named after U. S. Union General William S. Rosecrans, who purchased 13,000 acres of Rancho Sausal Redondo southwest of Los Angeles in 1869. Rosecrans Avenue was named Drexel Avenue, ran through the Rosecrans Rancho, part of modern-day Gardena. Rosecrans Avenue begins at the beach near El Porto in Manhattan Beach. On its route, it crosses through Manhattan Beach, El Segundo, Lawndale, Alondra Park, Harbor Gateway, Los Angeles, Compton, East Rancho Dominguez, Downey, Norwalk, Santa Fe Springs, La Mirada, Buena Park, Fullerton, it intersects the 405, 110, 710, 605, 5 freeways. Rosecrans is a straight road until the intersection with Clark Avenue in Bellflower and again at Valley View Avenue in La Mirada when it starts to curve through the West Coyote Hills. Rosecrans enters the cities of Fullerton and Buena Park and crosses into Orange County after the intersection with Beach Boulevard.
Rosecrans Avenue enters Buena Park at Ralph B. Clark Regional Park before entering Fullerton; the eastern terminus of Rosecrans Avenue is at the intersection with Euclid Street in Fullerton. From Lakewood Boulevard in Downey/Bellflower to Valley View Avenue in Santa Fe Springs/La Mirada, Rosecrans is about one mile south of, runs parallel to Imperial Highway. Western terminus, Vista del Mar in Manhattan Beach: 33°54′02″N 118°25′10″W Eastern terminus, Euclid Street in Fullerton: 33°53′37″N 117°56′40″W Beach Cities Transit line 109, Metro Local line 125 and Norwalk Transit line 5 operate on Rosecrans Avenue; the Metro Silver Line Rosecrans/I-110 station on the Harbor Transitway is located above Interstate 110. At Douglas Street, the Metro Green Line serves a station. Rosecrans Avenue is well-known among hip hop culture for its reputation of crime; the thoroughfare is associated with Compton native Kendrick Lamar, as he mentions it in numerous songs from his second studio album good kid, m. A. A.d city, most notably "m.
A. A.d city" and "Compton". The street is mentioned by Tupac Shakur in "California Love", as well as "Genocide" by Dr. Dre. Rosecrans is an album by DJ Quik and Problem named after Rosecrans Avenue
Orange is a city located in Orange County, California. It is 3 miles north of the county seat, Santa Ana. Orange is unusual in this region because many of the homes in its Old Town District were built before 1920. While many other cities in the region demolished such houses in the 1960s, Orange decided to preserve them; the small city of Villa Park is surrounded by the city of Orange. The population was 139,812 as of 2014. Members of the Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño ethnic group long inhabited this area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolá, an expedition out of San Blas, Mexico, led by Father Junípero Serra, named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana. On November 1, 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the area's first permanent European settlement in Alta California, New Spain. In 1801, the Spanish Empire granted 62,500 acres to José Antonio Yorba, which he named Rancho San Antonio. Yorba's great rancho included the lands where the cities of Olive, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Costa Mesa and Newport Beach stand today.
Smaller ranchos evolved from this large rancho, including the Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana. Don Juan Pablo Grijalva, a retired known Spanish soldier and the area's first landowner, was granted permission in 1809 by the Spanish colonial government to establish a rancho in "the place of the Arroyo de Santiago." After the Mexican–American War, Alta California was ceded to the United States by México with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, though many Californios lost titles to their lands in the aftermath, Grijalva's descendants retained ownership through marriages to Anglo-Americans. Since at least 1864, Los Angeles attorneys Alfred Chapman and Andrew Glassell together and separately, held about 5,400 acres along both sides of the Santiago Creek. Water was the key factor for the location of their townsite. Glassell needed a spot he could irrigate, bringing water down from the Santa Ana Canyon and the quality of the soil may have influenced his choice; the community was named Richland, but in 1873 Richland got a new name.
In the book, "Orange, The City'Round The Plaza" by local historian Phil Brigandi, it states, "In 1873 the town had grown large enough to require a post office, so an application was sent to Washington. It was refused, however, as there was a Richland, California in Sacramento County. Undaunted, the Richlanders proposed a new name – Orange." The small town was incorporated on April 1888, under the general laws of the state of California. Orange was the only city in Orange County to be planned and built around a plaza, earned it the nickname Plaza City. Orange was the first developed town site to be served by the California Southern Railroad when the nation's second transcontinental rail line reached Orange County; the town experienced its first growth spurt during the last decade of the 19th century, thanks to ever-increasing demands for California-grown citrus fruits, a period some refer to as the "Orange Era." Southern California's real estate "boom" of 1886–1888, fueled by railroad rate wars contributed to a marked increase in population.
Like most cities in Orange County, agriculture formed the backbone of the local economy, growth thereafter was slow and steady until the 1950s, when a second real estate boom spurred development. Inspired by the development of a region-wide freeway system which connected Los Angeles' urban center with outlying areas like Orange, large tracts of housing were developed from the 1950s to the early 1970s, this continues today, albeit at a much slower pace, at the eastern edge of the city; the city has a total area of 25.2 square miles, 24.8 square miles of, land and 0.4 square miles of, water. The total area is 1.75% water. Southern California is well known for year-round pleasant weather: – On average, the warmest month is August. – The highest recorded temperature was 113 °F in June 2016. – On average, the coolest month is December. – The lowest recorded temperature was 29 °F in December 1990. – The maximum average precipitation occurs in January. The period of April through November is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 74 to 84 °F and lows of 52 to 64 °F.
Due to the moderating effect of the ocean, temperatures are cooler than more inland areas of Orange County, where temperatures exceed 90 °F and reach 100 °F. The period of November through March is somewhat rainy; the Orange County area is subject to the phenomena typical of a microclimate. As such, the temperatures can vary as much as 18 °F between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient of over 1 °F per mile from the coast inland. California has a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom" or "May Gray," which sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning on the coast, but gives way to sunny skies by noon, during late spring and early summer; the Orange County area averages 15 in of precipitation annually, which occurs during the winter and spring with light rain showers, but sometimes as heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Coastal Torrance receives less rainfall, while the mountains receive more. Snowfall is rare in the city basin, but the mountains within city limits receive snowfall every winter.
Old Towne, Orange Historic District