Sierra de Cazorla
Sierra de Cazorla is a mountain range of the Prebaetic System in the Jaén Province in Spain. It is named after the town of Cazorla, its highest point is the 1,847 m high Gilillo peak. This mountain range is located between the Sierra Nevada, the Sierra de Segura and Sierra del Pozo mountain ranges; the easiest route to reach it is from Cazorla town. The Santuario de la Virgen de Tíscar is a shrine dedicated to the Virgin Mary located on a mountain pass in Sierra de Cazorla. Baetic System Las Villas Sierra de Cazorla Comarca Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park Media related to Sierra de Cazorla at Wikimedia Commons Asociación para el Desarollo Rural de la Sierra de Cazorla Parque Natural Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas - official website Parque Natural Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Turismo Activo en el Parque Natural de las Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas
The Sierra Arana or Sierra de Arana known as Sierra Harana, is a mountain range in the center of the province of Granada, southern Spain. Its highest peak is the Peña de la Cruz, at 2,027 m, it is a karstic range, part of the larger Subbaetic System. According to some geographers Sierra Arana includes other ranges such as the Sierra de Cogollos, the Sierra de la Yedra and the Sierra de Alfacar y Víznar. Municipalities which are part of the Sierra Arana include Deifontes, Cogollos Vega, Huétor Santillán, Darro, La Peza, Píñar, Morelábor and Huélago; the area of the range is bounded in the north by the Comarca of Los Montes and its southern end is included in the area of the Sierra de Huétor and la Alfaguara Natural Park. Subbaetic System Baetic System Granada Natural - Las Zonas Externas Entorno: Parque natural Sierra de Huétor, Granada
Pedro Jaime Martínez is a Dominican retired baseball player. He was a starting pitcher for five teams in Major League Baseball from 1992 to 2009, most notably the Boston Red Sox from 1998 to 2004. From 2002 to 2006 he held the major league record for the highest career winning percentage by a pitcher with at least 200 decisions, he ended his career with an earned run average of 2.93, the sixth-lowest by a pitcher with at least 2,500 innings pitched since 1920. Martínez reached the 3,000 strikeout mark in fewer innings than any pitcher except Randy Johnson, is the only pitcher to compile over 3,000 strikeouts with fewer than 3,000 innings pitched. An eight-time All-Star, Martínez was at his peak from 1997 to 2003, establishing himself as one of the most dominant pitchers in history, he won three Cy Young Awards and was runner-up twice, posting a cumulative record of 118–36 with a 2.20 ERA while leading his league in ERA five times and in winning percentage and strikeouts three times each. In 1999 he was runner-up for the American League Most Valuable Player Award after winning the pitching Triple Crown with a 23–4 record, 2.07 ERA and 313 strikeouts, – along with Johnson – joined Gaylord Perry in the rare feat of winning the Cy Young Award in both the American and National Leagues.
He is the record holder for the lowest single-season WHIP in major league history, is the record holder for the lowest single-season Fielding Independent Pitching in the live ball era. Although his performance suffered a steep decline in 2004, he ended the season memorably by helping the Red Sox end a long drought in winning their first World Series title in 86 years. Listed at 5 ft 11 in and 170 pounds, Martínez was unusually small for a modern-day power pitcher, is believed to have been somewhat smaller than his listed height and weight In his early 30s, injuries began to keep him off the field to an increasing extent, with his appearances and success dropping off in his final seasons. Modern sabermetric analysis has highlighted Martínez' achievements, he dominated while pitching most in a hitter-friendly ballpark and facing some of the toughest competition during the steroid era, thought to have favored batters. His dominance, reflected by modern statistics, has led many to consider Martinez as one of the greatest pitchers in MLB history.
He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2015, his first year of eligibility, joining Juan Marichal as the second Dominican to be enshrined. Martínez grew up in the Dominican Republic in the Santo Domingo suburb of Manoguayabo, he was the fifth of six siblings living in a palm wood house with dirt floors. His father, Pablo Jaime Abreu, worked odd jobs, his mother, Leopoldina Martínez, worked for traditionally wealthy families. When Pedro was old enough to work, he held a job as a mechanic, he did not have enough money to afford baseballs, so he improvised with oranges. His older brother, Ramón Martínez, was pitching at a Los Angeles Dodgers baseball camp in the Dominican Republic; as a young teenager, Martínez carried his brother's bags at the camp. One day at the camp, Ramón Martínez clocked his 14-year-old brother's pitches at between 78 and 80 miles per hour. Martínez debuted professionally with the Tigres del Licey of the Dominican Winter League during the 1989-90 season, he pitched for the Azucareros del Este, before rejoining Licey in 1991-92 in a nine-player transaction that included George Bell, José Offerman and Julio Solano, among others.
Martínez was signed by the Dodgers as an amateur free agent in 1988. After pitching in the Dodgers farm system for several years, he made his MLB debut on September 24, 1992 for the Dodgers against the Cincinnati Reds, working two scoreless innings of relief, he made his first start for the Dodgers on September 30, taking the loss while giving up two runs in a 3–1 loss to the Reds. Although Pedro's brother Ramón a star pitcher for the Dodgers, declared that his brother was an better pitcher than he, the younger Martínez was thought by manager Tommy Lasorda too small to be an effective starting pitcher at the MLB level. Lasorda was not the first to question Martínez's durability. Martínez turned in a strong 1993 season as the Dodgers' setup man, going 10–5 with a 2.61 ERA and 119 strikeouts, in 65 games. With the Dodgers in need of a second baseman after a contract dispute with Jody Reed, Martínez was traded to the Montreal Expos for Delino DeShields before the 1994 season, it was with the Expos.
Despite possessing a live fastball, he had difficulty maintaining control. It was during a bullpen session that manager Felipe Alou encouraged him to modify his primary grip on the fastball from tw
Campiña de Jerez
The comarca of the Campiña de Jerez is a comarca in the province of Cádiz, southern Spain. The Campiña de Jerez comarca is composed by the municipalities of Jerez de la Frontera and San José del Valle. Asociación para el Desarrollo Rural de la Campiña de Jerez
La Janda is a comarca in the province of Cádiz, southern Spain. La Janda is composed of the following municipalities: Alcalá de los Gazules Barbate Benalup-Casas Viejas Conil de la Frontera Medina Sidonia Paterna de Rivera Vejer de la Frontera Mancomunidad de Municipios de la Comarca de La Janda Asociación para el Desarrollo Rural del Litoral de la Janda
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Alamedilla is a city located in the province of Granada, Spain. According to the 2005 census, the city has a population of 811 inhabitants. Alamedilla - Sistema de Información Multiterritorial de Andalucía Alamedilla gallery at WikiCommons