Alpujarra Granadina is a Spanish comarca in the Province of Granada. Along with Alpujarra Almeriense, is part of the region of the Alpujarras. Located in the west of the Alpujarras, it borders the Granadan comarcas of Accitania to the north, the Vega de Granada to the northwest, the Valle de Lecrín to the west, the Costa Tropical to the south, as well as with the Almerían comarcas of Poniente Almeriense to the southeast and the Alpujarra Almeriense to the east; the comarca is divided into 25 municipalities.: Almegíjar Alpujarra de la Sierra Bérchules Bubión Busquístar Cádiar Cáñar Capileira Carataunas Cástaras Juviles Lanjarón Lobras Murtas Nevada Órgiva Pampaneira Pórtugos Soportújar La Taha Torvizcón Trevélez Turón Ugíjar Válor Alpujarra Almeriense Morisco Revolt Sierra Nevada Visit Alpujarras: your holiday quide, travel information and rural accommodation Touristic website of Alpujarra Granadina History and infos about the Alpujarras
Poniente Almeriense is a comarca in Almería, Spain. It is sometimes known as the "sea of plastic" due to the numerous greenhouses that cover the area; the comarca contains nine municipalities and 218,426 inhabitants in an area of 971 km². The "sea of plastic" was one of the subjects of We feed a 2005 documentary; the comarca borders the Alboran Sea to the South, the city of Almería to the east, the Sierra de Gádor to the north, the municipality of Albuñol to the west. The Poniente Almeriense contains the following municipalities: Adra Balanegra Berja Dalías El Ejido Enix Felix La Mojonera Roquetas de Mar Vícar Las Norias de Daza - Google maps Greenhouses of the Campo de Dalías, Almería Province, Spain - NASA Earth Observatory Southeastern Spain's Greenhouse Landscape: Plastic over Sand-Beds
Costa Tropical is a comarca in southern Spain, corresponding to the Mediterranean coastline of the province of Granada, Andalusia. It is but less called the Costa de Granada or Costa Granadina, it is crossed by the N-340 coastal highway that runs southwest-northeast along Spain’s Mediterranean coast, to the border with France. Within the last 4 years the A7 has been extended from Nerja in the Malaga province to the Taramay district to the east of Almuñécar. Construction is ongoing to link the A7 motorway to the A44 motorway which heads north from Motril on the coast to the city of Granada; the Costa Tropical is made up of agricultural zones and small resort towns and villages. What makes the Costa Tropical unique in comparison to the rest of the Spanish coast is that the mountains of the Sierra Nevada range fall to the edge of the Mediterranean Sea on the rugged coastline. Except for la vega de Motril, there are no flat areas for large urban sprawl, unlike the Costa del Sol in the Málaga province.
The area east of Málaga is more lush than the surrounding areas. This is because the Sierra Nevada mountain range that serves as a backdrop to the Costa Tropical catches more rain and thus supplies the area with abundant irrigation; this same mountain backdrop provides a shelter from northerlies and creates a pleasant microclimate of mild winters and mild summers compared to the interior of Spain, with temperature differences of 10 °C relative to the area on the other side of the mountains – so it could be 38 °C on a summer day in the city of Granada and only 28 °C on the Costa Tropical. In the winter, it can be snowing in 10 °C on the Costa Tropical; the main towns of the Costa Tropical are Almuñécar. Motril is principally agricultural center. Motril possesses a small seaport. Almuñécar is a resort town and agricultural center, with the summer-time vacation population more than tripling the town’s population. Like the rest of the Spanish coast, it underwent a housing and construction boom with some environmental degradation.
This housing boom was not as severe as on other parts of the Spanish coastline due to the townships of Almunecar and La Herradura being unable to agree the terms of their new Urban plan with the Junta de Andalucia since 2002. Albondón Albuñol La Rábita Almuñécar La Herradura Velilla-Taramay Gualchos Castell de Ferro Ítrabo Jete Lentegí Los Guájares Lújar Molvízar Motril El Varadero Torrenueva Costa Carchuna Calahonda Otívar Polopos La Mamola Castillo de Baños La Guapa Haza del Trigo Rubite Salobreña Sorvilán Vélez de Benaudalla The Costa Tropical has many historical sights, including prehistoric cave paintings in nearby Nerja. In fact, Almuñécar served as the entry point to Iberia and establishment of a power base for Abd ar-Rahman I in 755, who came from Damascus and was the founder of an independent Muslim dynasty that ruled the greater part of the Iberian Peninsula for nearly three centuries thereafter. Baetic System Comarcas of Andalusia Media related to Costa Granadina at Wikimedia Commons Costa Tropical News - English magazine and news website for the region Seaside Gazette - English magazine and news website for Costa Tropical, Lecrin Valley and Alpujarras Relocation information about the Costa Tropical
Belalcázar is a city in the province of Córdoba, southern Spain, in the Sierra Morena area. Castle of the Sotomayor Zúñiga y Madroñiz, in late Gothic style Castle of Madroñiz Convent of Santa Clara de la Columna, founded in 1476 Parish church of Santiago el Mayor, built from the late 16th century and finished in the 18th century. Belalcázar, Colombia Belalcázar - Sistema de Información Multiterritorial de Andalucía
Hinojosa del Duque
Hinojosa del Duque is a city located in the province of Córdoba, Spain. According to the 2014 census, the municipality has a population of 7126 inhabitants. Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain İslahiye, Turkey Battle of Valsequillo Media related to Hinojosa del Duque at Wikimedia Commons Hinojosa del Duque - Sistema de Información Multiterritorial de Andalucía
Córdoba spelled Cordova in English, is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, the capital of the province of Córdoba. It was a Roman settlement, taken over by the Visigoths, followed by the Umayyad Caliphate in the eighth century, it became the capital of a Muslim emirate, the Caliphate of Córdoba, which encompassed most of the Iberian Peninsula. During this period, it became a centre of education and learning, by the 10th century had grown to be the largest city in Europe, it was recaptured by Christian forces during the so-called Reconquista. Today, Córdoba is still home to many notable pieces of Moorish architecture such as the Mezquita, named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984, is in use as a Cathedral; the UNESCO status has since been expanded to encompass the whole historic centre of Córdoba. Much of this architecture, such as the Alcázar and the Roman bridge has been reworked or reconstructed by the city's successive inhabitants. Córdoba has the highest summer temperatures in Spain and Europe, with average high temperatures around 37 °C in July and August.
The first traces of human presence in the area are remains of a Neanderthal Man, dating to c. 42,000 to 35,000 BC. Pre-urban settlements around the mouth of the Guadalquivir river are known to have existed from the 8th century BC; the population learned copper and silver metallurgy. The first historical mention of a settlement dates to the Carthaginian expansion across the Guadalquivir, when general Hamilcar Barca renamed it Kartuba, from Kart-Juba, meaning "the City of Juba", a Numidian commander who had died in a battle nearby. Córdoba was named as Corduba. In 169 Roman consul M. Claudius Marcellus, grandson of Marcus Claudius Marcellus, who had governed both Further and Hither Spain, founded a Latin colony alongside the pre-existing Iberian settlement. Between 143 and 141 BC. A Roman forum is known to have existed in the city in 113 BC; the famous Cordoba Treasure, with mixed local and Roman artistic traditions, was buried in the city at this time. It became a colonia with the title Patricia, between 46 and 45 BC.
It was sacked by Caesar in 45 due to its Pompeian allegiance, settled with veterans by Augustus. It had a colonial and provincial forum and many temples, it was the chief center of Roman intellectual life in Hispania Ulterior. Its republican poets were succeeded by Lucan. At the time of Julius Caesar, Córdoba was the capital of the Roman province of Hispania Baetica; the great Roman philosopher Seneca the Younger, his father, the orator Seneca the Elder, his nephew, the poet Lucan came from Roman Cordoba. In the late Roman period, its bishop Hosius was the dominant figure of the western Church throughout the earlier 4th cent, it occupied an important place in the Provincia Hispaniae of the Byzantine Empire and under the Visigoths, who conquered it in the late 6th century. Córdoba was captured in 711 by the Umayyad army. Unlike other Iberian towns, no capitulation was signed and the position was taken by storm. Córdoba was in turn governed by direct Umayyad rule; the new Umayyad commanders established themselves within the city and in 716 it became a provincial capital, subordinate to the Caliphate of Damascus.
Different areas were allocated for services in the Saint Vincent Church shared by Christians and Muslims, until construction of the Córdoba Mosque started on the same spot under Abd-ar-Rahman I. Abd al-Rahman allowed the Christians to rebuild their ruined churches and purchased the Christian half of the church of St Vincent. In May 766 Córdoba was chosen as the capital of the independent Umayyad emirate caliphate, of al-Andalus. By 800 the megacity of Cordoba supported over 200,000 residents, 0.1 per cent of the global population. During the apogee of the caliphate, Córdoba had a population of about 400,000 inhabitants, with estimates ranging from 100,000 to an unlikely 1,000,000. In the 10th and 11th centuries Córdoba was one of the most advanced cities in the world, a great cultural, political and economic centre; the Great Mosque of Córdoba dates back to this time. After a change of rulers the situation changed quickly; the vizier al-Mansur–the unofficial ruler of al-Andalus from 976 to 1002—burned most of the books on philosophy to please the Moorish clergy.
Córdoba had a prosperous economy, with manufactured goods including leather, metal work, glazed tiles and textiles, agricultural produce including a range of fruits, vegetables and spices, materials such as cotton and silk. It was famous as a centre of learning, home to over 80 libraries and institutions of learning, with knowledge of medicine, astronomy, botany far exceeding the rest of Europe at the time. In 1002 Al-Mansur was returning to Córdoba from an expedition in the area of Rioja, his death was the beginning of the end of Córdoba. Abd al-Malik al-Muzaffar, al-Mansur's older son, succeeded to his father’s authority, but he died in 1008 assassinated. Sanchuelo, Abd al-Malik’s younger brother succeeded him. While Sanchuelo was away fighting Alfonso V of Leon, a revolution made Mohammed II al-Mahdi the Caliph. Sanchuelo sued for pardon but he was killed when he returned to Cardova; the slaves revolted against Mahdi, killed him in 1009, replaced him with Hisham II in 1010. Hisham II was forced out of office.
In 1012 the Berbers "sacked Cardova." In 1016 th
Valle de Lecrín
The Lecrin Valley is a comarca in the center-south part of the province of Granada, southern Spain. This territory borders the Vega de Granada to the north, the Alpujarra Granadina to the east, the Costa Tropical to the south, the Alhama to the west. Lecrin derived from Arabic Iqlim, meaning "gateway": this refers to a small area of land situated between the villages of Mondújar and Talará, which controlled the access to the vast coastal areas of sugar production in Moorish times; the Lecrin Valley consists of eight municipalities, of which the most populous is El Padul, the largest is Albuñuelas, the latter being the least populated. On the other hand, the municipality with the smallest area is Villamena, its traditional and historical capital is the town of Dúrcal. Apart from Dúrcal and Padul and farming remain the principal occupation with pine, almond and grape as the main crops. In more recent times, it has become a destination for Spanish and international holidaymakers looking for a quiet holiday amongst the orchards, but with easy reach to the Moorish city of Granada and the Costa Tropical.
It is an popular destination for walkers, bird watchers and artists. The Lecrin Valley is known for its verdant landscape and its views to lake Beznar and up to the Sierra Nevada mountains, its walks and spring colours; this comarca consists of the following municipalities: Halfway between the city of Granada and the Costa Tropical, this comarca is traversed from North to South by the A-44 motorway, which serves all municipalities with the following ways out: 144: El Padul, Otívar. 153: Cónchar, Cozvíjar, Dúrcal, Albuñuelas. 157: Dúrcal, Nigüelas. 159: Lecrín, El Valle. 164: Pinos del Valle, Lanjarón, Béznar 169: Ízbor-Acebuches. Other notable roads are: N-323, an old road that connected Bailén with Motril, connecting the cities of Jaén and Granada with the coast.