Loschbour man

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Coordinates: 49°45′46″N 6°16′44″E / 49.762696°N 6.278976°E / 49.762696; 6.278976

Skeleton of Loschbour man

The Loschbour man (also Loschbur man) is a skeleton of Homo sapiens from the European Mesolithic discovered in 1935 in Mullerthal, in the commune of Waldbillig, Luxembourg.

History[edit]

The rock shelter where the skeleton was found

The skeleton, nearly complete, was discovered on 7 October 1935 under a rock shelter in Mullerthal on the banks of the Black Ernz. It was found by amateur archeologist and school teacher Nicolas Thill.[1] It is now at the National Museum of Natural History in Luxembourg City.[2]

Life[edit]

Loschbour man was a hunter-gatherer, and the flint tools used for stalking and killing prey (wild boar and deer) were found by his body. He was one of the last of his kind, soon to be supplanted by new populations more likely to herd rather than hunt—and with paler skins.[3] According to DNA tests reported in 2014, Loschbour man was male,[4] had dark skin (with a likelihood of 97%), brown or black hair (99%), and likely blue eyes (53%). In contrast to 90% of modern Europeans, he was lactose-intolerant.[5] When he died, he was between 34 and 47 years old, 1.6 m (5.2 ft) tall, and weighed between 58 and 62 kg (128–137 lb).[1]

The cremated remains of a person, likely an adult woman, were found nearby, in a pit which was first excavated in the 1930s and later rediscovered. The bones of the feet were absent, and remains from the thorax underrepresented, and the remaining bones had scrapemarks, evidencing a de-fleshing treatment likely before cremation, including removal of the mandible and scraping of the skull.[6]

Dating[edit]

Loschbour man lived over 8,000 years ago, making the skeleton the oldest human remains found in the country.[5] The remains contained Y-DNA of the Haplogroup I-M423*.[7] DNA testing (two molars presented good samples) indicates that West-European hunter-gatherers like Loschbour man "contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to near-Easterners".[8]

Media, science[edit]

The results of the 2014 DNA testing allowed the Luxembourg Centre National de Recherche Archéologique and the Musée National d'Histoire et d'Art to make a 3-D reconstruction of the man.[4] L'homme de Loschbour is a 2012 animated movie, seven minutes long, by Nic Herber.[9] "Redonner vie à l’Homme de Loschbour" was a one-day conference at the National Museum of Natural History, which presented an overview of the results of recent investigations.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kieffer, Sophie (17 September 2014). "Le "premier Luxembourgeois" a livré plus de secrets que prévu: Le nouveau visage de l'homme de Loschbour". Luxemburger Wort (in French). Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  2. ^ "L'Homme du Loschbour, le plus ancien Luxembourgeois, à la base d'un succès scientifique" (in French). Monarchy of Luxembourg. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  3. ^ Rutherford, Adam (2018). A Brief History of Everyone Who Ever Lived: The Human Story Retold Through Our Genes. The Experiment. pp. 72–74. ISBN 9781615194940.
  4. ^ a b "L'homme de Loschbour était définitivement un homme!" (in French). RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  5. ^ a b "L'Homme de Loschbour dans Nature" (in French). National Museum of Natural History (Luxembourg). Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  6. ^ Jones, Amy Gray. "Cremation and the Use of Fire in Mesolithic Mortuary Practices in North-West Europe". In Cerezo-Román, Jessica; Wessman, Anna; Williams, Howard. Cremation and the Archaeology of Death. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192519092.
  7. ^ "I-M423*". YFull. Vadim Urasin. 2012.
  8. ^ Lazaridis, Iosif; et al. (17 September 2014). "Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans". Nature. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  9. ^ "L'Homme de Loschbour bei Festival nominéiert" (in French). RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg. 3 May 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Conférence: Redonner vie à l'Homme de Loschbour (29/1/2015)" (in French). National Museum of Natural History (Luxembourg). January 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2018.

External links[edit]