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Louis Dupree (professor)

Professor Louis Dupree was an American archaeologist and scholar of Afghan culture and history. He was the husband of Nancy Hatch Dupree, the Board Director of the Afghanistan Center at Kabul University in Afghanistan and author of five books about Afghanistan; the husband and wife team from the United States worked together for 15 years in Kabul, collecting as many works written about Afghanistan as they could. They travelled across the country from 1962 until the 1979 Soviet intervention, conducting archaeological excavations. Dupree was born on August 1925, in Greenville, North Carolina, he had served in World War II, where he joined the United States Merchant Marine and was stationed in the Philippines. At the end of the war he decided to transfer to the 11th Airborne Division of the United States Army; when World War II ended, he began Asian ethnology studies at Harvard University. After receiving his B. A. M. A. and Ph. D. degrees, he planned to re-visit the Philippines for research purposes but was rejected by its government, instead he was invited to join an archeological survey in Afghanistan in 1949.

This led to his lifelong interest in southwestern Asia, from 1959 and 1983. Dupree has taught at the following universities: Air University at Maxwell Air Force Base Pennsylvania State University Princeton University in New Jersey United States Military Academy at West Point, New York University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Duke University in Durham, North CarolinaDuring his career, Dupree served as adviser to several governments, including those of West Germany, Denmark and Great Britain, he consulted with the United States Department of the United Nations. As an affiliate of the American Universities Field Staff, he was their expert on Afghanistan and Pakistan, he and his wife were seen driving in a four-wheel-drive Land Rover truck in Afghan cities. After the April 1978 Saur Revolution in Afghanistan, Dupree was arrested and deported from the country, he moved back to the United States but visited neighboring Pakistan to monitor the Soviet–Afghan War. He has worked with the mujahideen forces who were fighting the Soviet-backed government of Afghanistan.

He spent time in Peshawar, along with his wife, assisting Afghan refugees. He had stayed in Pakistan as a Fulbright Scholar and as an advisor on Afghan affairs to the US ambassador in Pakistan. Dupree died on March 21, 1989, in Durham, North Carolina, just a month after the last Soviet troops withdrew from Afghanistan. Afghanistan An Historical Guide to Afghanistan An Historical Guide to Kabul A Guide to the National Museum Professor Louis Duprée Museum Under Siege: Full Text by Nancy Hatch Duprée ABLE in Afghanistan Embassy of Afghanistan Hosts Benefit for Afghanistan Center A Chronicler of Afghan Culture, Now Its Loyal Guard Preserving Afghanistan's Cultural Heritage: An Interview with Nancy Hatch Duprée Nancy Dupree's love affair with Kabul Groundbreaking ceremony for new library at Kabul University: 25 July 2009 http://zeroanthropology.net/2012/07/31/the-goat-caught-in-bushkazi-personal-effects-of-ones-role-in-the-great-game/

This Is Us (Backstreet Boys album)

This Is Us is the seventh studio album from American pop group Backstreet Boys. It was their last album as a quartet, it was released on September 30, 2009 in Japan through Sony Music Japan, October 5, 2009 in the UK through RCA, October 6 in the U. S. as their final studio album through Jive Records. On the album, the group has reunited with previous collaborator and producer Max Martin to try and create their best record since their 1999 worldwide hit album Millennium, they worked with Ryan Tedder, Claude Kelly, Jim Jonsin, RedOne, Ne-Yo, Brian Kennedy, Alex James, Eddie Galan, Rami Yacoub, Kristian Lundin, T-Pain amongst others for the album as well. The album debuted at number 9 on the US Billboard 200 making it their seventh top ten album following Unbreakable in 2007. RedOne produced the album's lead single "Straight Through My Heart", released in August/September 2009 and reached number 1 in Taiwan, number 3 in Japan, number 5 in Spain, number 106 in Billboard Hot 100, 19 in Canada, 72 in the UK, 18 on the US Hot Dance Club Songs chart.

It was their final album under Jive and their last album as a quartet before original member Kevin Richardson rejoined the band on April 29, 2012. In an interview with Extra TV, the group confirmed the title of their seventh album to be This Is Us. In the official press release RCA/Jive Records describes the album as "a finely crafted R&B and pop album from four talented musicians who love what they do and who maintain the rare relevance in an industry that disposes of pop acts; the 11 songs that make up album are the sounds of four skilled singers with a similar vision, who have dealt with the trials and tribulations that accompany fame at an early age and who came out as one of the most successful groups of all time. It shows remarkable growth as songwriters and continues to give us songs that has made millions smile."On May 1, 2009, the Backstreet Boys management team expressed discontent at the fact that four recorded songs had been leaked on the internet. In an interview, A. J. McLean said that the group were "P.

O.ed that music had leaked since extra care had been taken to keep the record secret". In the end, the group used the feedback from the leaks to help guide the direction of the album and the song selection by comparing fan reviews to what producers thought about the songs, it was revealed in 2011, that songs recorded for This Is Us were targeted by the German hacker, Deniz A. known as DJ Stolen. In July 2010, the Rasch law firm logged a criminal complaint against DJ Stolen for "constantly placing hacked songs on the internet". Amongst those songs listed in the complaint was one called "Masquerade", described at the time as a new recording by the Backstreet Boys. Regarding their collaboration with RedOne, McLean remarked that it had been a last minute affair. Due to timing, the group was not able to make any recordings with the in-demand producer, it was revealed that there had been 5 or 6 songs in the running for the lead single, although a Kevin Borg production titled "PDA" was most to be released.

One Tedder song, "Shadows", co-written by McLean was written for this album, but failed to make it, so Simon Cowell bought the song for Leona Lewis's second album Echo but in the end felt it more suited for a boyband and it was featured on Westlife's 10th album Where We Are. The group released the standard and deluxe editions of the album; the deluxe edition featured a DVD with live performances of previous singles at The O2 Arena in London, along with the music video for the first single. The first single "Straight Through My Heart", was premiered on the group's website on August 17 and released to radio the following day, it peaked at number 3 on the Japan Hot 18 on the US Hot Dance Club Songs chart. It was certified platinum in Japan; the second single "Bigger" was released in the UK on December 14, 2009 and released in the US on February 1, 2010 in AC radios. This is Us received favorable reviews from critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 67, based on 5 reviews.

AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine found the album's hooks more attention-grabbing than Unbreakable and the production more modern than pandering compared to New Kids on the Block's The Block, concluding that "the group sounds great for their age, they sound like they're at their peak –, no guarantee of a hit, but it sure makes for a better album than they've produced in quite a while." Mikael Wood of Entertainment Weekly praised the album for bringing back the band's old teen-pop sound with new producers and delivering them with confident vocals. Jason Lipshutz of Billboard admired the band's "foray into throbbing electronica" mixed in with the typical pop fare, concluding that it "may be a stepping stone in ushering away from their days on pop radio and through the club door."August Brown of the Los Angeles Times gave credit to the band for continuing to deliver catchy tracks but called the album "a competent but late-adopted pop-trance slurry." John Terauds of the Toronto Star noted that the tracks have an'80s influence to them but said that "nothing sounds original."

He added that it will appeal only to diehard fans of the band. Jonathan Keefe of Slant Magazine criticized the album's producers for crafting songs that range from retreads of oth

Shantytown Heritage Park

Shantytown Heritage Park is a tourist attraction in the West Coast Region of the South Island of New Zealand. Located 10 km south of Greymouth, the town was constructed and opened on 23 January 1971 and consists of 30 re-created historic buildings making up a 19th-century gold-mining town; the town is surrounded by native forest, is one of the region's most popular attractions. Born out of the desire of the Greymouth community to preserve the West Coast gold-mining history, Shantytown was started by a group of local enthusiasts forming the West Coast Historical and Mechanical Society in 1968. Most of the effort that has gone into the creation of Shantytown has been by volunteers and donated labour. Over the years, a collection of thousands of artefacts, ranging from gold-mining equipment to early settlers furniture, everyday items and clothing, as well as photographs, has been donated and collected from local people and businesses; the collection and wider heritage park focuses on the Victorian era between the middle of the 19th century to before the Great War, but extends as far as the 1940s.

Many of the items are displayed in an authentic setting in the heritage park, while the more precious and fragile items of the collection are held in temperature- and humidity-controlled storage due to the damp weather on the West Coast and are viewable by appointment. Today, Shantytown Heritage Park remains under the stewardship of a local board and continues its tradition of extensive community involvement; the township comprises two main streets lined with 30 historic buildings, including a church, the two-storey coronation hall. The buildings are original and transferred or re-built on site and house recreations of shops from around the late 19th century such as a bank, butcher, shoe shop, carpenter, a blacksmith; some of the shops sell goods, such as traditional lollies. The town contains a hospital, train station, fire station, a Masonic Lodge, a church, a jail. A foundry showcases the craftsmanship and techniques of ironwork via interactive displays and preserved historic equipment. Adjacent to the main township, a "Chinatown" area depicts the life and living environment of Chinese immigrant gold miners who had migrated to the West Coast in the 1860s from other gold fields in New Zealand as they ran dry, as well as directly from China.

Shantytown contains a re-created narrow-gauge bush tram line that follows a 19th-century sawmill tram track from the Shantytown train station to a stop at the Infants Creek Sawmill and a terminus 1.5 km from Shantytown for photo opportunities. Trains are included in the admission; the train station is built as a 3/4 replica of original railway plans. Passengers can disembark at the Infants Creek Sawmill where a sluice gun is fired up to four times per day and tutored gold panning is available; the vintage passenger carriages are pulled by either "Gerty", an 1877 L-class steam engine from Avonside Engine Company in England, rebuilt by NZR Hillside in Petone and Newmarket in New Zealand, or by an 1896 improved F-class Kaitangata steam engine. Other attractions include having an "old time" photo in costume taken, a holographic theatre show, a playground. Short bush walks around the area lead to lookout; the town's inter-denominational church, built in 1866, can be booked for weddings, there is an education centre funded by the New Zealand Ministry of Education which caters for school groups wanting hands-on history education.

Shantytown offers a cafe and souvenir shop, is open all year round with the exception of Christmas Day. West Coast Historical and Mechanical Society Shantytown Heritage Park website

American Professional Soccer League

The American Professional Soccer League was a professional men's soccer league with teams from the United States and Canada. It was formed in 1990 by the merger of the third American Soccer League with the Western Soccer League, it was the first outdoor soccer league to feature teams from throughout the United States since the demise of the original North American Soccer League in 1984. Between 1990 and 1995 it was the de facto top professional soccer league in the United States. After 1993 it was the top league in the Canadian soccer pyramid; however it was never granted Level 1 / Division 1 status on the United States soccer pyramid because, at the time, FIFA would not give this status to leagues that crossed national borders. In 1993, it lost out to Major League Soccer. For its final two seasons, 1995 and 1996, the APSL changed its name to the "A-League", it was subsequently absorbed by the emerging United Soccer League organization. The USL retained the A-League name until 2004. In 1989, Fort Lauderdale Strikers, the winners of the American Soccer League defeated San Diego Nomads, the winners of the Western Soccer League in a play-off game and as a result were declared United States soccer champions.

In 1990, the two leagues merged as the American Professional Soccer League. However, during its inaugural season, in order to avoid high travel expenses, the APSL remained two separate leagues; the ASL became the American Soccer Conference and featured teams from the East Coast, while the WSL became the Western Soccer Conference and featured teams from the West Coast. Teams only played other teams from within the same conference and it was not until the title decider, between Maryland Bays and San Francisco Bay Blackhawks that teams from the two different conferences met in a competitive game. Throughout its existence, the league would struggle financially and its roster of teams dropped from 22 in 1990 to just 5 in 1992. However, in 1993 the league received a lifeline when following the demise of the Canadian Soccer League, three former CSL clubs – Vancouver 86ers, Montreal Impact and Toronto Blizzard – joined the APSL; as part of the conditions for been awarded the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the United States Soccer Federation had agreed to launch a new Level 1/Division 1 professional league.

In December 1993, together with League One America and Major League Soccer, the APSL was one of three proposals, put before the USSF national board of directors. At the time the APSL was the only candidate who were operating as a league, it featured several established clubs and its roster of players included several members of the United States men's national soccer team. Despite this they lost out to the MLS; this decision was the beginning of the end for the APSL and it subsequently went into decline. Despite rebranding itself as the A-League, it faced increasing competition on two fronts; the USISL to become the United Soccer Leagues, had confined itself to organising regional leagues. However, by 1995 it began organising on a national level. By 1996 the MLS was up and running and a number of top A-League players left to join it. In 1996 the A-League and the USISL Select League agreed to merge. Six of the seven remaining A-League teams – Montreal Impact, Colorado Foxes, Seattle Sounders, Rochester Raging Rhinos, Vancouver 86ers and Atlanta Ruckus – and two planned A-League expansion teams Toronto Lynx and Hershey Wildcats joined the USISL Select League.

However the new league retained the A-League name. Regular season/playoffs 1996: 4,946/4,781 1995: 3,347/5,280 1994: 3,478/6,082 1993: 2,271/2,903 1992: 2,104/1,502 1991: 1,827/3,106 1990: 1,082/2,039

What Is This Thing Called Love? (Alexander O'Neal song)

"What Is This Thing Called Love?" is a song written by Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis and recorded by American recording artist Alexander O'Neal. It is the second single from the singer's fourth solo album, All True Man; the song's distinctive backing vocals were performed by Lisa Keith. Following the successful chart performances of the All True Man single "All True Man", "What Is This Thing Called Love?" was released as the album's second single. Alexander O'Neal's 19th hit single and it reached #53 in the UK Singles Chart. In the United States, the single reached #21 on Billboard's Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks. 12" Maxi"What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 8:20 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 3:37 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 3:58 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 5:41 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 5:58 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 2:137" Single / Cassette Single"What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 4:08 "Crying Overtime" - 4:55CD Single"What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 6:04 "The Lovers" - 7:02 "If You Were Here Tonight" - 6:08CD Single"What Is This Thing Called Love?"

- 8:20 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 3:37 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 5:41 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 2:13Cassette Single"What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 3:37 "What Is This Thing Called Love?" - 5:58 Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes. "What Is This Thing Called Love?" had its bass-line sampled in the 2018 Kanye West and Lil Pump song, "I Love It". Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics What Is This Thing Called Love? at Discogs

Kristian Wåhlin

Kristian Wåhlin is a Swedish musician, graphic designer, album cover artist for many bands in the extreme metal scene worldwide. He is credited under his pseudonym, Necrolord. Wåhlin's interest in art began while attending Schillerska Grammar School, a secondary educational institution in central Gothenburg, he has referenced Romantic and Renaissance painters like Caspar David Friedrich, Albrecht Dürer and Hieronymus Bosch as early influences. This interest coincided with the time in which he studied music. At the age of 17, Wåhlin formed Grotesque with school friend Tomas Lindberg on vocals, Alf Svensson on guitar, Tomas Eriksson on drums; the 1990 break-up of Grotesque would lead to the formation of At the Gates, who would be credited as instigators of the "Gothenburg Melodic death metal sound". Wåhlin would collaborate with Lindberg and other At the Gates members a short time additionally in the death metal band Liers in Wait, would go on to design the "Russian icon" cover-art of At the Gates' cornerstone release, Slaughter of the Soul.

Dissection, who shared practice quarters with At the Gates, would display illustrations by Wåhlin on the cover of The Somberlain and Storm of the Light's Bane. In the Nightside Eclipse, the debut of seminal Norwegian black metal band Emperor, would be graced with his work on the cover. Wåhlin would continue as an album artist for several other bands in the European death, doom and gothic metal collective throughout the 2000s. Liers in Wait and Decollation would feature musical contribution by Wåhlin before both groups folded in the mid-1990s. In 1995 he started gothic metal band Diabolique, where he was joined by some musicians from bands in which he had participated. Diabolique's latest release was The Green Goddess in 2001, they are writing material for an upcoming 2010 album. Wåhlin collaborated with longtime friend Lindberg in the hardcore band The Great Deceiver, his art studio is located in Sweden. Official website: Kristian Wåhlin