The Cowsills are an American singing group from Newport, Rhode Island, six siblings noted for performing professionally and singing harmonies at an early age with their mother. The band was formed in the spring of 1965 by brothers Bill and Barry Cowsill. Bill and Bob played guitar and Barry played the drums; when John learned to play drums and joined the band, Barry began playing bass. After their initial success, the brothers were joined by their siblings Susan and Paul along with their mother, Barbara. A seventh sibling, Bob's twin brother Richard, was never part of the band during its heyday, although he appeared with them in years; the band's road manager for most of their career was Richard'Biggie' Korn. When the group expanded to its full family membership by 1967, the six siblings ranged in age from 8 to 19. Joined by their mother, Barbara Cowsill, the group inspired the 1970s television show The Partridge Family; the Cowsills' musical interest started while their father Bud Cowsill was stationed in Canton, Ohio in the late 1950s, as a US Navy recruiter.
Bill and Bob taught themselves. As the boys' musical and vocal abilities developed they began performing at church school dances in Stark County, Ohio. These, other performances, led to the boys' first television appearance on the Gene Carroll Show on WEWS in Cleveland. After Bud retired from the Navy, he and his wife managed their children's career until 1967. In late 1965, the Cowsills were hired as a regular act on Bannisters Wharf in Newport; the group performed many of the popular songs of the day including the music of the Beatles amongst others. A handful of singles were released on JODA Records and Philips Records in 1965 and 1966, to only modest success. After Leonard Stogel took over management of the band, they were signed to MGM Records in 1967 through his efforts on their behalf. Barbara, who would become known to their fans affectionately as "Mini-Mom" due to her diminutive stature, joined the group just in time to record the band's first album, including the hit single "The Rain, The Park & Other Things" with Bill on lead vocals.
It sold over one million copies and was awarded a gold record.. With the success of "The Rain...", the band became a popular act in the U. S. and achieved other parts of Europe. "The Rain, The Park and Other Things" reached No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100. Bob Cowsill is quoted as follows on the band's early days: Although Bill and I performed at a young age, Bill, I, Barry and John did a lot of frat parties at Brown University and clubs in Newport... the most memorable performance of what I would view as the precursor of what The Cowsills would be was at Kings Park in Newport at some carnival. The family angle just evolved... first Bill and me Bill me and Barry Bill, me, Barry and John Bill, me, Barry and Mom Bill, me, John and Paul later, me, John, Barry and Susan back to Bill, me, Barry and John and to me, Paul and Susan. Our first real break came when we were playing the MK Hotel in Newport and a guy from the "Today Show" saw us and asked if we wanted to be on the "Today" show. We weren't famous or anything but we were young and we were related and we were quite good.
So we went on "The Today Show" and someone from Mercury Records saw us, which led to our signing with that label and putting out "Most Of All", which led to Artie Kornfeld and Steve Duboff. Mercury dropped us, but Artie and Steve had written "The Rain, The Park and Other Things" and we went in and recorded that song at A&R studios in New York and took the whole package to MGM, who decided wouldn't it just be terrific if their mother performed with them and, the rest, as they say, is history. In 1968, the band scored another million-selling hit with the song "Indian Lake", produced by Wes Farrell, which reached No.10 on the US charts. "We Can Fly", the album it appeared on, was produced by Bill and Bob with the group now including siblings Paul and Susan. After the group's Summer tour, the family relocated to Santa Monica, CA. Shortly after the move, the family received a copy of the "Hair" soundtrack album in the mail from Carl Reiner, putting together a special for television called "Wonderful World of Pizzazz".
The subject of the special was to be a celebration of the hippie styling—fashion and music—of that time. Reiner wanted the group to appear on the show performing "Hair", the title track from the current hit musical, he made a request of the group to that extent as their performance would serve a comedic role in Reiner's mind. At that time the group had not heard of the musical and considered the request from Reiner as more of an assignment. In the arrangement for their version and Bill made sure that each member of the group got to contribute vocally to the recording, both in a lead and background sense, their experience told them there would be a need for individual shots of each of the group's members while singing. MGM, the group's label, had no interest in releasing the resulting recording. Bill had an acetate of the song cut at DCT Recorders which ended up being played for a dj at WLS in Chicago where it generated significant attention; the tv special was taped on January 1969 in San Francisco.
As the air date of March 18 approached, MGM released the single. At this same time Bill and Bob were working on a live album, "The Cowsills in Concert
Santa Barbara, California
Santa Barbara is the county seat of Santa Barbara County in the U. S. state of California. Situated on a south-facing section of coastline, the longest such section on the West Coast of the United States, the city lies between the steeply rising Santa Ynez Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Santa Barbara's climate is described as Mediterranean, the city has been promoted as the "American Riviera"; as of 2014, the city had an estimated population of 91,196, up from 88,410 in 2010, making it the second most populous city in the county after Santa Maria. The contiguous urban area, which includes the cities of Goleta and Carpinteria, along with the unincorporated regions of Isla Vista, Mission Canyon, Hope Ranch and others, has an approximate population of 220,000; the population of the entire county in 2010 was 423,895. In addition to being a popular tourist and resort destination, the city economy includes a large service sector, technology, health care, agriculture and local government. In 2004, the service sector accounted for 35% of local employment.
Education in particular is well represented, with four institutions of higher learning on the south coast. The Santa Barbara Airport serves the city, Santa Barbara Aviation provides jet charter aircraft and train service is provided by Amtrak the Pacific Surfliner which runs from San Diego to San Luis Obispo). U. S. Highway 101 connects the Santa Barbara area with Los Angeles to the southeast and San Francisco to the northwest. Behind the city, in and beyond the Santa Ynez Mountains, is the Los Padres National Forest, which contains several remote wilderness areas. Channel Islands National Park and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary are located 20 miles offshore. Evidence of human habitation of the area begins at least 13,000 years ago. Evidence for a Paleoindian presence includes a fluted Clovis-like point found in the 1980s along the western Santa Barbara County coast, as well as the remains of Arlington Springs Man, found on Santa Rosa Island in the 1960s. An estimated 8,000 to 10,000 Chumash lived on the south coast of Santa Barbara County at the time of the first European explorations.
Five Chumash villages flourished in the area. The present-day area of Santa Barbara City College was the village of Mispu. Portuguese explorer João Cabrilho, sailing for the Kingdom of Spain, sailed through what is now called the Santa Barbara Channel in 1542, anchoring in the area. In 1602, Spanish maritime explorer Sebastián Vizcaíno gave the name "Santa Barbara" to the channel and to one of the Channel Islands. A land expedition led by Gaspar de Portolà visited around 1769, Franciscan missionary Juan Crespi, who accompanied the expedition, named a large native town "Laguna de la Concepcion". Cabrillo's earlier name, however, is the one; the first permanent European residents were Spanish missionaries and soldiers under Felipe de Neve, who came in 1782 to build the Presidio. They were sent both to fortify the region against expansion by other powers such as England and Russia, to convert the natives to Christianity. Many of the Spaniards brought their families with them, those formed the nucleus of the small town – at first just a cluster of adobes – that surrounded the Presidio of Santa Barbara.
The Santa Barbara Mission was established on the Feast of Saint Barbara, December 4, 1786. It was the tenth of the California Missions to be founded by the Spanish Franciscans, it was dedicated by Padre Fermín Lasuén, who succeeded Padre Junipero Serra as the second president and founder of the California Franciscan Mission Chain. The Mission fathers began the slow work of converting the native Chumash to Christianity, building a village for them on the Mission grounds; the Chumash laborers built a connection between the canyon creek and the Santa Barbara Mission water system through the use of a dam and an aqueduct. During the following decades, many of the natives died of diseases such as smallpox, against which they had no natural immunity; the most dramatic event of the Spanish period was the powerful 1812 earthquake, tsunami, with an estimated magnitude of 7.1, which destroyed the Mission as well as the rest of the town. The Mission was rebuilt by 1820 after the earthquake. Following the earthquake, the Mission fathers chose to rebuild in a grander manner, it is this construction that survives to the present day, the best-preserved of the California Missions, still functioning as an active church by the Franciscans.
After the Mexican government secularized the missions in the 1830s, the baptismal and burial records of other missions were transferred to Santa Barbara, now found in the Santa Barbara Mission Archive-Library. C-SPAN has produced a program on the mission archive-library; the Spanish period ended in 1822 with the end of the Mexican War of Independence, which terminated 300 years of colonial rule. The flag of Mexico went up the flagpole at the Presidio, but only for 24 years. Santa Barbara street names reflect this time period as well; the names de le Guerra and Carrillo come from citizens of the town of this time. They were instrumental in building up the town, so they were honored by having streets after them. After the forced secularization of the Missions in 1833
George Edward Lopez is a Mexican-American comedian and actor. He is known for starring in his self-produced ABC sitcom, his stand-up comedy examines race and ethnic relations, including Mexican American culture. Lopez has received several honors for his work and contributions to the Latino community, including the 2003 Imagen Vision Award, the 2003 Latino Spirit Award for Excellence in Television and the National Hispanic Media Coalition Impact Award, he was named one of "The Top 25 Hispanics in America" by Time magazine in 2005. Lopez was born on April 23, 1961, in Mission Hills, Los Angeles, the son of Frieda and Anatasio Lopez, a migrant worker, he is of Mestizo Mexican descent. He was deserted by his father when he was two months old and by his mother when he was 10 years old, but was raised by his maternal grandmother, Benita Gutierrez, a factory worker, step-grandfather, Refugio Gutierrez, a construction worker. Lopez attended San Fernando High School, graduating in 1979. In 2000, after several years of performing stand-up comedy, Lopez was approached by actress Sandra Bullock for Lopez to produce and star in a comedy.
Bullock was concerned about the lack of Hispanic-oriented sitcoms on American television and pushed to get a sitcom on television that starred Hispanics without being about the Hispanic American community. Long criticized by Hispanic American groups for lack of Latinos on their television shows, ABC picked up the television series. In 2002, Lopez became one of the few Latinos to star in a television comedy series, following in the footsteps of Desi Arnaz, Freddie Prinze, John Leguizamo. George Lopez is an American situation comedy that aired on ABC from 2002 to 2007. Lopez is the co-creator, writer and star of the show. On March 8, 2007, it was announced, it first aired on Nick at Nite on September 10, 2007. On May 15, 2007, ABC announced; the show last aired on ABC September 7, 2007. The show entered syndication in the fall of 2007. Never a big Nielsen hit in prime-time, the show became a surprise success in syndication. After receiving the news that his show was canceled in 2007, Lopez criticized president of ABC Entertainment Steve McPherson for using racially motivated reasons for his decision.
The actor told the Los Angeles Times that "TV just became really white again," and lashed out against ABC by saying, "So a chicano can't be on TV, but a caveman can?" in reference to the short-lived sitcom Cavemen, replacing George Lopez on the schedule. Cavemen garnered a negative reception from critics and viewers, was canceled after 13 episodes. Lopez blamed ABC for causing over a hundred of his show's staff to become jobless. Lopez was a cast member and commentator for HBO’s hit sports show Inside the NFL for the 2003–04 football season. Lopez guest-starred as the mayor of Reno, Nevada in season five of Reno 911! in 2008. On March 28, 2009, it was announced that Lopez would be hosting his own late night talk show on TBS. Lopez hosted a late-night talk show entitled Lopez Tonight on TBS Monday through Thursday at midnight Eastern Time; the show debuted in November 2009. In November 2010, the show moved back to midnight ET to accommodate a new show with former Tonight Show host Conan O'Brien.
Lopez supported and advocated for the move, making it different from the 2010 Tonight Show conflict that saw O'Brien depart NBC after a proposal to push Tonight back 30 minutes for Jay Leno to return to the 11:35 p.m. slot. On August 10, 2011 Lopez received a cancellation notice from TBS; the network decided not to renew Lopez Tonight for a third season. On April 18, 2013, it was announced George Lopez would be starring in his own sitcom on FX called Saint George, which premiered on March 6, 2014. Saint George was produced under Debmar-Mercury and Lionsgate Television's syndication model, which states that if a show hits certain ratings thresholds in its first 10-episode run, it triggers an additional 90-episode order. Failing to do so, Saint George was canceled on June 2014, after one season. In August, 2015, TV Land announced a straight-to-series order for Lopez, a semi-autobiographical single-camera sitcom, which debuted on March 30, 2016. George was invited to be a guest judge on America's Got Talent in 2016.
He was allowed to use his golden buzzer once. He used his on the dance group Malevo. Lopez's HBO Films drama Real Women Have Curves premiered at the Sundance Film Festival, where it received the 2002 Audience Award. Lopez was featured in the 2000 drama Bread and Roses, he starred in the ABC Wonderful World of Disney Christmas film Naughty or Nice, he in the Robert Rodríguez-directed film The Adventures of Shark Boy & Lava Girl Brown is The New Green: George Lopez and the American Dream is a 2007 documentary directed and produced by Phillip Rodriguez. In 2010, Lopez appeared in The Spy Next Door with Jackie Chan. In 2011, Lopez reprised his role as Papi for Beverly Hills Chihuahua 2, was the voice of a toco toucan, Rafael, in the box-office animated hit Rio, alongside Jesse Eisenberg, Anne Hathaway, will.i.am, Jamie Foxx. Lopez's autobiography Why You Crying was published by the Touchstone/Fireside division of Simon & Schuster, placed in the New York Times Bestsellers top twenty; the book is co-written by Armen Keteyian.
In January 2009, Lopez appeared in We Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial. He is a two-time host of the Latin Grammy Awards, a co-host of the Emmy Awards. In 1993, Lopez married Ann Serrano; the couple has a daughter, born in 1996. On September 27, 2010, Lopez announced
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
James Douglas Muir "Jay" Leno is an American comedian, writer and television host. After doing stand-up comedy for years, he became the host of NBC's The Tonight Show with Jay Leno from 1992 to 2009. Beginning in September 2009, Leno started a primetime talk show, titled The Jay Leno Show, which aired weeknights at 10:00pm ET on NBC. After The Jay Leno Show was canceled in January 2010 amid a host controversy, Leno returned to host The Tonight Show with Jay Leno on March 1, 2010, he hosted his last episode of The Tonight Show on February 6, 2014. That year, he was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame. Since 2014, Leno has hosted Jay Leno's Garage. Leno was born April 1950 in New Rochelle, New York, his homemaker mother, was born in Greenock and came to the United States at age 11. His father, was an insurance salesman, born in New York, to immigrants from Flumeri, Italy. Leno grew up in Andover and graduated from Andover High School. Leno obtained a bachelor's degree in speech therapy from Emerson College, where he started a comedy club in 1973.
His older brother, was a Vietnam War veteran who worked as an attorney. Leno made his first appearance on The Tonight Show on March 1977, performing a comedy routine. During the 1970s, Leno appeared in minor roles in several television series and films, first in the 1976 episode "J. J. in Trouble" of Good Times and the same year in the pilot of Holmes & Yo-Yo. After an uncredited appearance in the 1977 film Fun with Dick and Jane, he played more prominent roles in 1978 in American Hot Wax and Silver Bears. Other films and television series from that period include Almost Heaven, "Going Nowhere" from One Day at a Time, Polyester, "The Wild One" from Alice, both "Feminine Mistake" and "Do the Carmine" from Laverne & Shirley. Leno's only starring film role was the 1989 direct-to-video Collision Course, opposite Pat Morita, he appeared numerous times on Late Night with David Letterman. Starting in 1986, Leno was a regular substitute host for Johnny Carson on The Tonight Show. In 1992, he replaced Carson as host amid controversy with David Letterman, hosting Late Night with David Letterman since 1982, whom many—including Carson himself—had expected to be Carson's successor.
The story of this turbulent transition was turned into a book and a movie. Leno continued to perform as a stand-up comedian throughout his tenure on The Tonight Show. In 2004, Leno signed a contract extension with NBC which would keep him as host of The Tonight Show until 2009. In 2004, Conan O'Brien signed a contract with NBC under which O'Brien would become the host of The Tonight Show in 2009, replacing Leno at that time. During the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike, Leno was accused of violating WGA guidelines by writing his own monologue for The Tonight Show. While NBC and Leno claim there were private meetings with the WGA where there was a secret agreement allowing this, the WGA denied such a meeting. Leno answered questions in front of the Writers Guild of America, West trial committee in February 2009 and June 2009, when the WGAW published its list of strike-breakers on August 11, 2009, Leno was not on the list. Leno said in 2008 that he was saving all of his income from The Tonight Show and living off his income from stand-up comedy.
On April 23, 2009, Leno checked himself into a hospital with an undisclosed illness. He was released the following day and returned to work on Monday, April 27; the two subsequently canceled Tonight Show episodes for April 23 and 24 were Leno's first in 17 years as host. The illness that caused the absence was not disclosed, but Leno told People magazine it was for exhaustion. During the 2005 trial of Michael Jackson over allegations of child molestation, Leno was one of a few celebrities who appeared as a defense witness. In his testimony regarding a call by the accuser, Leno testified that he never called the police, that no money was asked for, there was no coaching – but that the calls seemed unusual and scripted; as a result, Leno was not allowed to tell jokes about Jackson or the case, a fixture of The Tonight Show's opening monologue in particular. But he and his show's writers used a legal loophole by having Leno step aside while stand-in comedians took the stage and told jokes about the trial.
Stand-ins included Roseanne Barr, Drew Carey, Brad Garrett, Dennis Miller, among others. The gag order was challenged, the court ruled that Leno could continue telling jokes about the trial as long as he did not discuss his testimony. Leno celebrated by devoting an entire monologue to Michael Jackson jokes; because Leno's show continued to lead all late-night programming in the Nielsen ratings, the pending expiration of Leno's contract led to speculation about whether he would become a late-night host for another network after his commitment to NBC expired. Leno left The Tonight Show on Friday, May 29, 2009, Conan O'Brien took over on June 1, 2009. On December 8, 2008, it was reported that Leno would remain on NBC and move to a new hour-long show at 10 p.m. Eastern Time five nights a week; this show followed a similar format to The Tonight Show, was filmed in the same studio facility and retained many of Leno's most popular segments. Late Night host Conan O'Brien was his successor on The Tonight Show.
Jay Leno's new show, titled The Jay Leno Show, debuted on September 14, 2009. It was announced at the Television Critics Association summer press tour that it would feature one or two celebrities, the occasional musical guest, kee
Trial of Michael Jackson
People v. Jackson was a 2004–2005 criminal trial held in Santa Barbara County Superior Court in which American singer Michael Jackson was charged with molesting Gavin Arvizo, a 13-year-old boy. Jackson was indicted for four counts of molesting a minor, four counts of intoxicating a minor to molest him, one count of attempted child molestation, one count of conspiring to hold the boy and his family captive, conspiring to commit extortion and child abduction, he pleaded not guilty to all counts. The trial spanned 18 months, from Jackson's arraignment on January 16, 2004 to June 13, 2005; the jury delivered a verdict of not guilty on all charges, including four lesser misdemeanour counts. Jackson had been accused of child sexual abuse in 1993. Like the previous allegations, Jackson was accused of abusing Arvizo in his home, Neverland Ranch in Santa Barbara County, where he brought children and their families. A 2003 documentary, Living with Michael Jackson, showed Jackson holding hands with Arvizo and discussing sharing a bed with children, triggering a new investigation led by District Attorney Thomas W. Sneddon Jr.
With no physical evidence, the prosecution relied on testimonies from witnesses including the Arvizo family and Neverland employees, painting Jackson as a predator with a history of child sexual abuse. The defense, led by Thomas Mesereau, argued that the witnesses were unreliable, with histories of perjury and fraud. Celebrities including former child star Macaulay Culkin testified in Jackson's defense; the trial created a media circus. In years, more men alleged that Jackson had abused them, including Wade Robson, who had testified at the trial that Jackson had not molested him. In 1993, singer Michael Jackson was accused of child sexual abuse by a 13-year-old boy, Jordan Chandler, his father, Evan Chandler; the abuse took place at Jackson's Neverland Ranch home in Santa Barbara, California. The police investigation, led by District Attorney Thomas W. Sneddon Jr, was inconclusive and no charges were filed. In January 1994, Jackson settled out of court with the Chandlers for $22 million. In a statement, he said he was the victim of false allegations from people seeking to make money from him, that he had settled to avoid a media circus.
In August 2000, Gavin Arvizo, a boy with cancer in remission, visited Neverland Ranch with his family. Jackson said. In 2003, ITV broadcast a documentary, Living with Michael Jackson, for which journalist Martin Bashir interviewed Jackson over eight months; the Guardian described the documentary as "the fuse that ignited the case and the trial". In the documentary and Arvizo held hands and discussed sleepovers, Jackson said he had slept in bed with many children, he said: "It's not sexual, we're going to sleep. I tuck them in... It's charming, it's sweet." Jackson received criticism and some newspapers called for his children to be removed from his custody. In a press release in February 2003, Sneddon stated that under California law an adult sleeping in bed with a child was not a criminal offense unless "affirmative, offensive conduct" occurs. In June 2003, Sneddon reopened the investigation into Jackson; the investigation produced 1,900 pages of grand jury testimony. In August, authorities interviewed Gavin Arvizo, his mother Janet, younger brother Star.
In November, Gavin told police that Jackson had molested him several times in February and March 2003, according to Janet, Jackson had held the family captive at Neverland Ranch. On November 18, 2003, police searched Neverland Ranch. Nothing incriminating was found. On November 23, Jackson was arrested and led in handcuffs by the Santa Barbara Sheriff's Department before the media, he was released an hour after posting a $3 million bond. Shortly after the arrest, Jackson issued a statement saying the claims were "predicated on a big lie". Fans gathered in cities around the world to show their support. In an interview with 60 Minutes, Jackson claimed that the police had mistreated him and he complained of a dislocated shoulder, he reaffirmed his innocence and said that he was determined not to settle out of court as he had done in 1993. On December 18, 2003, Jackson was charged with seven counts of child molestation and two counts of administering an intoxicating agent for the purpose of a committing a felony.
On April 21, 2004, a grand jury indicted Jackson on several additional related charges, including conspiracy involving child abduction, false imprisonment, extortion. If convicted, he could have been jailed for 20 years; the trial began on February 28, 2005 in the courthouse of Santa Maria, Santa Barbara, in central California. It was presided over by Judge Rodney Melville. Melville dismissed 21 motions before the trial, banned cameras from the courtroom, put a gag order on both sides, oversaw a three-day jury selection process, he delayed the jury selection for a week. Santa Barbara District Attorney Tom Sneddon led the prosecution. Sneddon had a reputation as an effective prosecutor, for being "fiercely competitive", "pugnacious", "tenacious". Santa Barbara News-Press editor Gary Roberts characterized him as "a law-and-order guy who sees the world in black and white. There's bad guys and good guys, he sees himself as the good guy." Some, such as attorney Gary Dunlap, alleged that Sneddon saw the trial as an opportunity for payback after his 1993 investigation was inconclusive.
At a news conference shortly
Boys & Girls Clubs of America
Boys & Girls Clubs of America is a national organization of local chapters which provide after-school programs for young people. The organization, which holds a congressional charter under Title 36 of the United States Code, has its headquarters in Atlanta, with regional offices in Chicago, Atlanta, New York City and Los Angeles. BGCA is tax-exempt and funded by the federal government; the first Boys' Club was founded in 1860 in Hartford, Connecticut, by three women, Elizabeth Hamersley and sisters Mary and Alice Goodwin. In 1906, 53 independent Boys' Clubs came together in Boston to form a national organization, the Federated Boys' Clubs. In 1931, the organization renamed itself Boys' Clubs of America, in 1990, to Boys & Girls Clubs of America; as of 2010, there are over 4,000 autonomous local clubs, which are affiliates of the national organization. In total these clubs serve more than four million girls. Clubs can be found in all 50 states as well as locations in Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, US military bases.
In total, Boys & Girls Clubs of America employ about 50,000 staff members. The Chronicle of Philanthropy ranked Boys & Girls Clubs of America number one among youth organizations for the 13th consecutive year, number 12 among all nonprofit organizations; the Boys & Girls Clubs of America is the official charity of Major League Baseball. Denzel Washington, a former club member, has been the spokesperson for Boys & Girls Clubs of America since 1993; these people came together in 1956 to create the Boys Clubs of America: Herbert Hoover, 31st President of the United States William E. Hall, US Medal of Honor recipient Albert L. Cole, CEO of Reader's Digest James A. Farley, United States Postmaster General Albert C. Wedemeyer US Army Chief of Plans and Operations Matthew Woll, vice president of the AFL-CIO Jeremiah Milbank Jr. two time Republican Party Finance Committee chairman Stanley Resor, Secretary of the Army James B. Carey, president of AFL-CIO J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation Lewis L. Strauss, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission Robert E. Wood, quartermaster general of the army, vice-president of Sears Fred C.
Church Jr. insurance businessman H. Bruce Palmer, president of the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company Edgar A. Guest, TV and radio host Nicholas H. Noyes Indianapolis, Indiana; the donation will be allocated to help grow the group's national STEM curriculum. It will help in establishing new STEM centers of innovations in various communities that will include Atlanta, Chicago, New York City's Harlem, Memphis, New Orleans, Philadelphia, Watts in Los Angeles, Oakland. According to Mimi LeClair, President and CEO of Boys and Girls Clubs of Chicago, it is important for young people to have a solid background in STEM to compete in the global economy. Boys & Girls Clubs of Philadelphia Boys & Girls Clubs of Canada Boys & Girls Clubs of America Web site Official history