The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite to link devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of private, academic and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic and optical networking technologies; the Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web, electronic mail and file sharing. Some publications no longer capitalize "internet"; the origins of the Internet date back to research commissioned by the federal government of the United States in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication with computer networks. The primary precursor network, the ARPANET served as a backbone for interconnection of regional academic and military networks in the 1980s; the funding of the National Science Foundation Network as a new backbone in the 1980s, as well as private funding for other commercial extensions, led to worldwide participation in the development of new networking technologies, the merger of many networks.
The linking of commercial networks and enterprises by the early 1990s marked the beginning of the transition to the modern Internet, generated a sustained exponential growth as generations of institutional and mobile computers were connected to the network. Although the Internet was used by academia since the 1980s, commercialization incorporated its services and technologies into every aspect of modern life. Most traditional communication media, including telephony, television, paper mail and newspapers are reshaped, redefined, or bypassed by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as email, Internet telephony, Internet television, online music, digital newspapers, video streaming websites. Newspaper and other print publishing are adapting to website technology, or are reshaped into blogging, web feeds and online news aggregators; the Internet has enabled and accelerated new forms of personal interactions through instant messaging, Internet forums, social networking. Online shopping has grown exponentially both for major retailers and small businesses and entrepreneurs, as it enables firms to extend their "brick and mortar" presence to serve a larger market or sell goods and services online.
Business-to-business and financial services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries. The Internet has no single centralized governance in either technological implementation or policies for access and usage; the overreaching definitions of the two principal name spaces in the Internet, the Internet Protocol address space and the Domain Name System, are directed by a maintainer organization, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. The technical underpinning and standardization of the core protocols is an activity of the Internet Engineering Task Force, a non-profit organization of loosely affiliated international participants that anyone may associate with by contributing technical expertise. In November 2006, the Internet was included on USA Today's list of New Seven Wonders; when the term Internet is used to refer to the specific global system of interconnected Internet Protocol networks, the word is a proper noun that should be written with an initial capital letter.
In common use and the media, it is erroneously not capitalized, viz. the internet. Some guides specify that the word should be capitalized when used as a noun, but not capitalized when used as an adjective; the Internet is often referred to as the Net, as a short form of network. As early as 1849, the word internetted was used uncapitalized as an adjective, meaning interconnected or interwoven; the designers of early computer networks used internet both as a noun and as a verb in shorthand form of internetwork or internetworking, meaning interconnecting computer networks. The terms Internet and World Wide Web are used interchangeably in everyday speech. However, the World Wide Web or the Web is only one of a large number of Internet services; the Web is a collection of interconnected documents and other web resources, linked by hyperlinks and URLs. As another point of comparison, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, or HTTP, is the language used on the Web for information transfer, yet it is just one of many languages or protocols that can be used for communication on the Internet.
The term Interweb is a portmanteau of Internet and World Wide Web used sarcastically to parody a technically unsavvy user. Research into packet switching, one of the fundamental Internet technologies, started in the early 1960s in the work of Paul Baran and Donald Davies. Packet-switched networks such as the NPL network, ARPANET, the Merit Network, CYCLADES, Telenet were developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s; the ARPANET project led to the development of protocols for internetworking, by which multiple separate networks could be joined into a network of networks. ARPANET development began with two network nodes which were interconnected between the Network Measurement Center at the University of California, Los Angeles Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science directed by Leonard Kleinrock, the NLS system at SRI International by Douglas Engelbart in Menlo Park, California, on 29 October 1969; the third site was the Culler-Fried Interactive Mathematics Center at the University of California, Santa Barbara, followed by the University of
Kim Ji-seok (actor)
Kim Ji-seok is a South Korean actor. Kim Bo-seok debuted in 2001 as a rapper in the five-member Eurodance boyband LEO, formed to capitalize on the success of then-popular boyband g.o.d, however, LEO never hit it big, the group disbanded after eight months. After failing the exam to get into the theater department, Kim majored in German at the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. Having attended middle school and high school in England, Kim is fluent in English and he received his secondary teaching certificate in German and English in 2006, he has a master's degree in Cultural Contents Planning from Kyung Hee University's Graduate School of Journalism and Communication. Kim was told by the head of his agency that his birth name could be confused with veteran actors Jung Bo-seok and Kim Bo-seong, he was given the stage name "Kim Ji-seok." Kim began his acting career by appearing in the 2004 music video of Kim Hyung-joong's "She's Laughing", followed by several minor roles. Though his daily drama Likeable or Not recorded high ratings of over 40% in 2007-2008, Kim still did not become a household name.
A year Kim played a member of the Korean national ski jumping team in Take Off, which became the second-highest grossing Korean film in 2009. His popularity increased more when he played an immature, womanizing slave hunter in period drama The Slave Hunters, the lover of a transgender man in comedy Lady Daddy, a competitive ex-boyfriend in Personal Taste. Kim's first post-army acting project was horror film Two Moons, released in July; this was followed by television romantic comedies I Need Romance 2012 in June, Cheongdam-dong Alice in December. Kim starred in Wonderful Mama, Angel Eyes, Unkind Ladies, Cheer Up, he appeared as one of the cast members of talk show Hot Brain: Problematic Men. Kim starred in the hit romantic comedy drama, Another Oh Hae-young, garnering praise from viewers for his comic acting; this was followed by acclaimed historical drama The Rebel', which gained him recognition by critics for his outstanding portrayal of King Lee Yong. Kim was cast as the lead male role in the romantic comedy drama Children of the 20th Century alongside Han Ye-seul, followed by another romantic comedy drama Top Star U-back as the titular character.
Kim enlisted for his mandatory military service on May 24, 2010, at the Nonsan training center in South Chungcheong Province for five weeks of basic training. After serving active duty with the Defense Media Agency of the Ministry of National Defense in Yongsan-dong, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, he was discharged in March 2012. Kim Ji-seok on Instagram Kim Ji-seok at HanCinema Kim Ji-seok on IMDb
A hidden camera or spy camera or security camera is a still or video camera used to record people without their knowledge. The term “hidden camera” is used in reality TV shows, sometimes when subjects are unaware that they are being recorded, sometimes with their knowledge and consent; the term “spy camera” is used when the subject would be expected to object to being recorded as an invasion of their privacy. The term “security camera” is used to provide a justification for a surreptitious recording, can be contrasted with CCTV, visible and which sometimes is accompanied with a warning notice of its presence; the camera may be "hidden" because it is not visible to the subject being filmed, or is disguised as another object. Such a camera may not be visible to the subject, for example, because it is fitted with a long-focus lens and located beyond the view of the subject, or located, behind a two-way mirror. Hidden cameras can be built into used objects such as television sets, smoke detectors, clock radios, motion detectors, ball caps and mobile phones.
Hidden cameras may be used for household surveillance and may be used commercially or industrially as security cameras. The proliferation and lower costs of video recording devices have led to an increase in the use of hidden cameras for legitimate surveillance need, as well as for entertainment and other purposes; the use of hidden cameras raises personal privacy issues and there may be legal aspects to consider, depending on the jurisdiction in which use takes place. A hidden camera can be wireless; the former will be connected by cable to a viewing or recording device, such as a TV, VCR, network video recorder, digital video recorder, memory card or other data storage medium. Hidden cameras may have an audio capability. A hidden camera may be connected to a motion detector. Wireless spy cameras are cameras that do not record to an internal memory but rather transmit video signal so that it can be recorded and viewed elsewhere. A wireless spy cam may transmit video online so that it can be viewed remotely or it may transmit video to a receiver that records to an internal memory card or DVR or may allow live viewing through a monitor.
It is a common misconception that "wireless" means the camera does not have wires or does not have to be plugged in for power. This is not the case. In regards to video recording cameras, the word wireless does not refer to the cameras power source but rather the cameras method of video transmission. Cowboy Streetlight Concealments LLC manufactures hidden cameras that can be concealed inside of street lights, which have been used by the Drug Enforcement Administration and U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Ultraminiature still cameras have long been used for surreptitious photography, using film as small as 8×11 mm. In particular, Minox cameras were used for clandestinely photographing documents close up for espionage. Today, spy cameras can be bought by anyone for as low as US$6, these modern cameras can be as small as a keychain and take high resolution video. Hidden cameras may be installed within common household objects to monitor and record the activities of caregivers; these are referred to as "nanny cams."
The legality of using hidden cameras is a subject of controversy. For example, a case involving a nanny, caught violently shaking a baby was thrown out as worthless evidence; some hidden camera television shows have led to lawsuits or being denied to air by the people who were trapped in set-ups that they found unpleasant. The use of hidden cameras is permitted under UK law, if used in a legal manner and towards legitimate ends. Individuals may use covert surveillance in their own home to spy on others, in the workplace to monitor employees, outside of a domestic or commercial property for security purposes, in most security situations where there is a just need to do so. There are a number of laws under the Data Protection Act and Human Rights Acts that may impact on the use of hidden cameras. In any type of covert surveillance, footage should only be used for the purpose for which it has been taken, which must be a legitimate security reason; the person in possession of the footage is responsible for its use, must only retain footage for as long as it is reasonably needed.
It is not permitted to release the footage to third parties except. It is illegal under UK law to deploy covert cameras in areas where individuals would have an expectation of privacy, such as bathrooms, changing rooms and locker rooms, or plant a hidden camera in someone else’s home, or an area someone else owns. In the United States, nanny cams are legal although most are sold without audio capabilities since it is prohibited to intercept audio communications surreptitiously. US Code Title 18, Chapter 119, Section 2512 prohibits the interception of oral communication by "surreptitious manner" such as a hidden camera, so most nanny cams are not available with audio recording. Though some on the market may be available with the ability to record audio, these cameras should not be used due to the illegality of the recordings they produce. Nanny cams are legal in all 50 states, but it is illegal in 13 states to record audio without express or written consent of the nanny being recorded; this falls under the federal government's'wire tapping' laws.
Hidden cameras are sometimes used in reality television to catch participants in unusual or absurd situations. Participants will eit
Performance is completion of a task with application of knowledge and abilities. In work place, performance or job performance means good ranking with the hypothesized conception of requirements of a role. There are two types of job performances: task. Task performance is related to cognitive ability while contextual performance is dependent upon personality. Task performance are behavioral roles that are recognized in job descriptions and by remuneration systems, they are directly related to organizational performance, contextual performance are value based and additional behavioral roles that are not recognized in job descriptions and covered by compensation. Citizenship performance like contextual performance means a set of individual activity/contribution that supports the organizational culture. In the performing arts, a performance comprises an event in which a performer or group of performers present one or more works of art to an audience. In instrumental music, performance is described as "play".
The performers participate in rehearsals beforehand. An effective performance is determined by achievement skills and competency of the performer - level of skill and knowledge. Spencer and McClelland in 1994 defined competency as "a combination of motives, self-concepts, cognitive behavior skills" that helps a performer to differentiate themselves superior from average performers. A performance may describe the way in which an actor performs. In a solo capacity, it may refer to a mime artist, conjurer, or other entertainer. Williams and Krane found the following characteristics define an ideal performance state: Absence of fear Not thinking about the performance Adaptive focus on the activity A sense of effortlessness and belief in confidence or self-efficacy A sense of personal control A distortion of time and space where time does not affect the activityOther related factors are motivation to achieve success or avoid failure, task relevant attention, positive self-talk and cognitive regulation to achieve automaticity.
Performance is dependent on adaptation of eight areas: Handling crisis, managing stress, creative problem solving, knowing necessary functional tools and skills, agile management of complex processes, interpersonal adaptability, cultural adaptability, physical fitness. Performance is not always a result of practice, it is about honing the skill over practice itself can result in failure due to ego depletion. Theatrical performances when the audience is limited to only a few observers, can lead to significant increases in the performer's heart rate above his or her baseline heart rate; this increase takes place in several stages relative to the performance itself, including anticipatory activation, confrontation activation and release period. The same physiological reactions can be experienced in other mediums, such as instrumental performance; when experiments were conducted to determine whether there was a correlation between audience size and heart rate of instrumental performers, the researcher's findings ran contrary to previous studies, showing a positive correlation rather than a negative one.
Heart rate shares a positive correlation with the self reported anxiety of performers. Other physiological responses to public performance include perspiration, secretion of the adrenal glands, increased blood pressure. Bell, B. S. & Kozlowski, S. W. J.. Active learning: Effects of core training design elements on self regulatory processes and adaptability. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 296-316. Fadde, P. J. & Klein, G. A.. Deliberate performance: Accelerating expertise in natural settings. Performance Improvement, 49, 5-15. Freeman, S. Eddy, S. McDounough, M. et al. Active learning increases student performance in science and mathematics. PNAS, 111, 8410-8414. Gagne, R. M.. Military training and principles of learning. American psychologist, 17, 83-91. Lohman, M.. Cultivating problem solving skills through problem based approaches to professional development. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 13, 243-256. Meyer, R.. Problem solving skills through problem based approaches to professional development.
Human Resource Development Quarterly, 13, 263-270. Noordzu, G. Hooft, E. Mierlo, H. et al. The effects of a learning-goal orientation training on self-regulation: A field experiment among unemployed job seekers. Personnel Psychology, 66, 723-755
Shim Hyung-tak is a South Korean actor. He starred in television dramas such as The Road Home, Three Sisters, Welcome Rain to My Life, ], Let's Eat and Miss Mamma Mia, he is famous for Doraemon Mania. Shim Hyung-tak at GnG Production Shim Hyung-tak at HanCinema Shim Hyung-tak at the Korean Movie Database Shim Hyung-tak on IMDb
Oh Yoon-ah is a South Korean actress and a former racing model. Oh Yoon-ah began her career as a racing model, in 2000 she won the first Cyber Race Queen Contest, she became an entertainment reporter for MBC's Section TV in 2003. Oh made her acting debut in 2004 TV series Into the Storm, but it was her supporting role as the heroine's friend in hit sitcom Old Miss Diary that made her into a household name, she continued acting on television, starring in That Woman, Mr. Goodbye, Surgeon Bong Dal-hee, Master of Study, Marry Me, notably Alone in Love, for which she won Best Supporting Actress at the 2006 SBS Drama Awards. Oh married advertising executive Song Hoon at Imperial Palace Hotel Seoul on January 5, 2007; the couple divorced in 2015. Oh Yoon-ah at Polaris Entertainment Oh Yoon-ah at HanCinema
Yeon Jung-hoon is a South Korean actor. He is best known for his roles in generational epic East of Eden, period medical drama Jejungwon, crime procedural Vampire Prosecutor. An avid car enthusiast, he hosted the first three seasons of Top Gear Korea, the South Korean version of the BBC show, his father is veteran actor Yeon Kyu-jin, he is married to actress Han Ga-in. On April 13, 2016 Han gave birth to a baby girl. Yeon Jung-hoon on Instagram Yeon Jung-hoon at DBM Entertainment Yeon Jung-hoon at HanCinema Yeon Jung-hoon on IMDb Yeon Jung-hoon at the Korean Movie Database