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Low sodium diet

A low sodium diet is a diet that includes no more than 1,500 to 2,400 mg of sodium per day. The human minimum requirement for sodium in the diet is about 500 mg per day, less than one-sixth as much as many diets "seasoned to taste". For certain people with salt-sensitive blood pressure or diseases such as Ménière's disease, this extra intake may cause a negative effect on health. A low sodium diet has a useful effect to reduce blood pressure, both in people with hypertension and in people with normal blood pressure. Taken together, a low salt diet in hypertensive people resulted in a decrease in systolic blood pressure by 4.2 mmHg, in diastolic blood pressure by 2.1 mmHg. Advising people to eat a low salt diet, however, is of unclear effect in either hypertensive or normal tensive people. In 2012, the British Journal Heart published an article claiming that a low salt diet appears to increase the risk of death in those with congestive heart failure, but the article was retracted in 2013; the article was retracted by the journal when it was found the two of the studies cited contained duplicate data that could not be verified.

A doctor might prescribe a low sodium diet for patients with Diabetes insipidus. Sodium occurs in most foods; the most common form of sodium is sodium chloride, table salt. Milk and celery naturally contain sodium, as does drinking water, although the amount varies depending on the source. Sodium is added to various food products; some of these added forms are monosodium glutamate, sodium nitrite, sodium saccharin, baking soda, sodium benzoate. Because large amounts of salts are given out by regenerative water softeners, over 60 cities in Southern California have banned them because of elevated salt levels in ground water reclamation projects. Water labeled as "drinking water" in supermarkets contains natural sodium since it is only filtered with a carbon filter and will contain any sodium present in the source water. Condiments and seasonings such as Worcestershire sauce, soy sauce, onion salt, garlic salt, bouillon cubes contain sodium. Processed meats, such as bacon and ham, canned soups and vegetables are all examples of foods that contain added sodium.

Fast foods are very high in sodium. Processed foods such as potato chips, frozen dinners and cured meats have high sodium content. Unprocessed, fresh foods, such as fresh fruits, most vegetables, poultry and unprocessed grains are low in sodium; the availability of low sodium foods is increasing. Low sodium products and low or no sodium labeled. Many low sodium products are available online. Other foods that are low in sodium include: Seasonings: Black, cayenne, or lemon pepper, some chili or hot sauces Herbs: Dried or fresh garlic, garlic/onion powder, parsley, basil, cloves, oregano, vinegar, nutmeg Most fresh fruits and vegetables, exceptions include celery, carrots and spinach Dried beans, rice, lentils Macaroni, noodles, barley Honey, sugar Unsalted butter Unsalted dry curd cottage cheese Fresh beef, lamb, shrimp, egg Milk, yogurt Hot cereals Club soda, seltzer water, soy milk, tea Health Canada Sodium Working Group Diabetes insipidus List of diets

Iron Mountain Central Historic District

The Iron Mountain Central Historic District is a historic district, broadly located between Fleshiem and C Streets and between Iron Mountain and Stockbridge Avenues in Iron Mountain, Michigan. The district covers adjacent areas, it is commercial, but contains the historic county courthouse complex, school and church buildings. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013. A major iron ore deposit was discovered near what is now Iron Mountain in 1878/79. Iron Mouintain was first platted in December 1879 by Samuel M. and Isaac Stephenson and Joseph Flesheim. Numerous other mines opened in the area, workers began flooding in. Buildings appeared in Iron Mountain overnight, in 1881 the Stephensons and Joseph Flesheim executed a second plat, extending the original one to the west. In 1882 they made a second addition, other businessmen added plats so that by late 1883, the entirety of what is now the Central Historic District hade been platted. During the decade that followed, the population of Iron Mountain soared, to over 5000 in 1888 and over 8500 in 1890.

Following the population boom, wooden commercial buildings sprang up along Stephenson Street, beginning at Fleishem and continuing south to C Street. Following a string of fires, in 1889 an ordinance was enacted to mandate masonry commercial buildings. A number of buildings were constructed in the late 1880s and early 1890s, including four large masonry structures in 1891; as the 20th century turned, the population boom of the late 19th century had plateaued. The Panic of 1893 precipitated an industrial slowdown and a surge of unemployment in the local mines. Although the local economy recovered, the 1900 population was just over 9000, only a few hundred more than in 1890; the subsequent gradual decline of mining in the early twentieth century, with few new industries in the area to take its place, heralded a slow decline in population. Mirroring the general economic health of the city, only a few new buildings were constructed from 1900-1920. With the onset of the 1920s, the local economy again boomed.

Ford Motor Company constructed a sawmill and body plant in 1921-22, which employed 2200 people in 1923 and over 7000 in 1925. In addition, the surge in national automotive traffic and improvements in roads boosted the local tourism economy. By 1924, an additional 5000 people had moved into Iron Mountain; the boom in population again heralded a boom in construction in the downtown commercial district. With the onset of the Great Depression, the economic fortunes of the area plummeted. In 1933, it was estimated. While the economy improved from this nadir few building projects were undertaken in the 1930s. After World War II, the economy again improved, despite the closing of the Ford plant in 1951 and the continuous decline in population of the city. A number of construction and renovation projects were undertaken in the two decades following the war; as the district entered the latter years of the 20th century, it encountered a number of challenges, including new commercial development that occurred outside of the downtown area and several fires that destroyed buildings within the district.

Nonetheless, the city has supported the downtown area, including support for preservation and rehabilitation of the district's historic building stock. The Iron Mountain Central Historic District encompasses Iron Mountain's downtown and adjacent to Stephenson Avenue, the main commercial street through the city; the district is irregularly shaped, covering the city's central business district and extending to adjacent areas containing the historic county courthouse complex, school and church buildings. The district contains a total of 144 buildings dating from the early 1880s to the mid-1960s, but including twelve newer structures. Most of the buildings within the district have contained commercial establishments; as the district was the main business section of Iron Mountain for over a century, the business in it have varied across a wide spectrum. In the late 19th century, as the city was first built, the business district's buildings contained general stores and dry-goods stores and shoe stores, millineries and confectionery stores, drug stores and lumber stores, furniture stores, butchers and blacksmiths.

Businesses included undertakers, livery stables, barber shops, hotels, restaurants and billiard parlors. In the early 20th century, different types of stores emerged, including department stores and stationery stores, sporting goods stores and decorating stores, carpet stores, appliance stores and heating businesses, auto garages and dealerships, gas stations, auto parts stores, movie houses, bowling alleys, dance halls. Many of the buildings in the area housed fraternal and service organizations on the upper floors, including the Masonic Temple, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Ancient Order of United Workmen, Sons of St. George, Improved Order of Red Men, Scandinavian Aid and Fellowship Society, Knights of the Modern Maccabees, the Grand Army of the Republic, Ste. Jean Baptiste Society, Catholic Order of Foresters, Society Fraterlante, the National Protective League, the Benevolent Protective Order of Elk. In addition to commercial establishments, the district housed government buildings, including the county courtho

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1548

Under United Nations Security Council resolution 1548, adopted unanimously on 11 June 2004, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation in Cyprus Resolution 1251, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus for an additional six months until 15 December 2004. The Security Council noted the call within the Secretary-General Kofi Annan's report for the authorities in Cyprus and Northern Cyprus to urgently address the humanitarian situation concerning missing persons, it welcomed efforts to sensitize United Nations peacekeeping personnel towards the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and other diseases, the Secretary-General's intention to review the operation following the Annan Plan referendum on 24 April 2004. Extending UNFICYP's mandate, the resolution requested the Secretary-General to report to the Council on the implementation of the current resolution and would review the recommendations of the Secretary-General with regard to the force.

It expressed concern at violations by the Turkish Cypriot side at Strovilia and called for an end to restrictions imposed on 30 June 2000 on UNFICYP operations and to restore the military status quo which had existed prior to that date. Annan Plan for Cyprus Cyprus dispute List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1501 to 1600 United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus Turkish invasion of Cyprus Works related to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1548 at Wikisource Text of the Resolution at undocs.org