Máramaros County was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in western Ukraine; the capital of the county was Máramarossziget. Máramaros county shared borders with the Austrian crownlands Galicia and Bukovina and the Hungarian counties Bereg, Szatmár, Szolnok-Doboka and Beszterce-Naszód, it was situated on both sides of the river Tisza, in the Carpathian mountains. Its area was 9720 km² around 1910; the first mention of the county in the written sources is from 1119. In the 13th century, it was uninhabited or scarcely inhabited; the growth of its population started. In 1920, after the Treaty of Trianon, the northern part of the county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia; the southern part became part of Romania. The northern part was returned to Hungary by the First Vienna Award in 1938 and by the annexation of the remainder of Carpthian Ruthenia after Czechoslovakia ceased to exist in 1939; the county Máramaros was recreated, with Huszt as capital. The southern part was from 1940 part of Hungary until the end of World War II.
Afterwards, the Czechoslovak part of Máramaros county became part of the Soviet Union, Ukrainian SSR, Zakarpattia Oblast. Since 1991, when the Soviet Union split up, the Zakarpattya region is part of Ukraine; the southern part of the county is now part of the Romanian county Maramureș. In 1900, the county had a population of 309,598 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:Total: Ruthenian: 143,621 Romanian: 74,978 German: 47,449 Hungarian: 42,403 Slovak: 545 Croatian: 79 Serbian: 4 Other or unknown: 519 According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:Total: Greek Catholic: 220,817 Jewish: 56,006 Roman Catholic: 23,430 Calvinist: 8,918 Lutheran: 310 Eastern Orthodox: 88 Unitarian: 24 Other or unknown: 5 In 1910, the county had a population of 357,705 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:Total: Ruthenian: 159,489 Romanian: 84,510 German: 59,552 Hungarian: 52,964 Slovak: 503 Croatian: 41 Serbian: 6 Other or unknown: 640 According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:Total: Greek Catholic: 254,215 Jewish: 65,694 Roman Catholic: 26,204 Calvinist: 9,646 Eastern Orthodox: 1,437 Lutheran: 464 Unitarian: 42 Other or unknown: 3 In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Máramaros county were: Rakhiv, Tiachiv, Khust and Mizhhir'ya are now in Ukraine.
Arthur Herbert Fonzarelli is a fictional character played by Henry Winkler in the American sitcom Happy Days. He was a secondary character, but was soon positioned as a lead character when he began surpassing the other characters in popularity. Happy Days producer and writer Bob Brunner created both Arthur Fonzarelli's "Fonzie" nickname, the invented put-down, "Sit on it." The character was a stereotypical greaser, seen on his motorcycle, wore a leather jacket and typified the essence of cool, in contrast to his circle of friends. In 1999 TV Guide ranked him number 4 on its 50 Greatest TV Characters of All Time list. Fonzie was one of only two characters to appear in all 255 episodes. Arthur Fonzarelli was born to an Italian-American family, he and his mother were abandoned by his father. When the senior Fonzarelli disappeared, he left a locked box for his son, but not a key; the only advice Fonzie remembered his father giving was "Don't go out in the rain in your socks." In the Season 6 episode "Christmas Time", a sailor delivers a Christmas present ostensibly from his father, who wishes to make amends.
Fonzie is resentful, but at the end of the episode he opens his father's letter explaining why he left and reads it. He learns that the sailor was his father, who admits in the letter that he doubted he would have the courage to reveal the truth to his son. In a episode, Fonzie unexpectedly meets a woman he believes is his mother in a diner, she convinces him she is not. In the final season, Fonzie meets his half-brother'Arte' Fonzarelli, who informs him that their father is by-then deceased. Fonzie has mixed emotions about, as this left so many questions about his past unanswered, but Fonzie bonded with Arte, who helped him cope. Grandma Nussbaum appears to have been a primary caregiver to Fonzie since the age of six; when he moves into the Cunninghams' garage apartment—a plot development that helped precipitate his domination of the program—he turns his old apartment over to his grandmother. She is referred to after that but she is featured in at least one episode. Grandma Nussbaum calls Fonzie "Skippy".
She is the grandmother of Fonzie's cousin Chachi. Fonzie's devotion to her foreshadows his ongoing devotion to mother figures throughout the show to Marion Cunningham, whom Fonzie affectionately calls "Mrs. C." For example, when Marion feels her family no longer needs her, she learned the ways of the world from Fonzie, Fonzie learned about the closeness of a tight-knit all-American family from the Cunninghams. Though at first looked down on and mistrusted, he became accepted by the Cunninghams when he rented an attic room over their garage. Richie's father, Howard, a pillar of the community, came to regard Fonzie with affection. Fonzie shares a close relationship with his younger cousin Chachi, they had plots in the episodes together after Richie left the show. Fonzie was able to be the older brother figure. In having Chachi come to live and work with him, Fonzie grows too, becoming an overall better, more responsible and caring person. Fonzie serves as Chachi's best man. In the long shot at the end of Chachi and Joanie's wedding, Fonzie is the first person who comes to congratulate his younger cousin.
He and Chachi embrace for several seconds. They share another hug at the end of Mr. C's toast; these are Chachi's relationship. The last couple seasons show how close Fonzie and Chachi grew to be. Fonzie regards Ralph Malph and Potsie Webber, as nerds; because Richie doesn't compromise his principles as and sticks to what he believes is right, Fonzie doesn't subject Richie to this kind of treatment, over time, grows fond of him. At the beginning of the series, Fonzie is a high school dropout, prompting establishment characters in the show to see him as a rebel and bad influence. Fonzie is shown once attempting to go back to school with Richie, but he decides it just isn't for him and drops out again. However, a few seasons Fonzie is secretly attending night school and earns his high school diploma. Through it all, Fonzie worked as an auto mechanic, he became an auto mechanic instructor at Jefferson High School and a full-fledged teacher. Fonzie has a high moral code, he always sticks up for those who can't defend themselves.
On the other hand, he expects others to follow his example. After Chachi accidentally burns down Arnold's, for example, Fonzie disciplines him for his carelessness in forgetting to shut off the kitchen grill and tossing his apron onto the grill though other characters understand it was just an accident. Fonzie was portrayed as being successful with women. Few women turned down his advances or made him nervous. While displaying somewhat of a womanizing behavior, Fonzie always treated whomever he happened to be dating with utmost respect, his success with women made him a frequent source of advice for Richie, Potsie and Chachi. In Season 10, Fonzie maintained a long-term
Garry Kent Marshall was an American film director, film producer and actor, best known for creating Happy Days and its various spin-offs, developing Neil Simon's 1965 play The Odd Couple for television, directing Pretty Woman, Runaway Bride, Valentine's Day, New Year's Eve, Mother's Day, The Princess Diaries, The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement. Garry Kent Marshall was born in The Bronx, New York on November 13, 1934, the son of Anthony Wallace Marshall, a director of industrial films and a producer, Marjorie Irene, a tap dance teacher who ran a tap dance school, he was the brother of actress/director Penny Marshall and Ronny Marshall Hallin, a television producer. His father was of Italian descent, his family having come from San Martino sulla Marrucina, Chieti and his mother was of German and Scottish ancestry, his father changed his last name from Masciarelli to Marshall. Garry Marshall was baptized Presbyterian and raised Lutheran for a time, he attended De Witt Clinton High School and Northwestern University, where he wrote a sports column for The Daily Northwestern, is a member of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity.
Marshall began his career as a joke writer for such comedians as Joey Bishop and Phil Foster and became a writer for The Tonight Show with Jack Paar. In 1961, he moved to Hollywood; the pair worked on The Dick Van Dyke Show, The Joey Bishop Show, The Danny Thomas Show, The Lucy Show. Their first television series as creator-producers was Hey, which lasted one season, they adapted Neil Simon's play The Odd Couple for television. On his own, Marshall created Happy Days and Shirley, Mork & Mindy, which were produced by his associates Thomas L. Miller, Robert L. Boyett, Edward K. Milkis, he was a co-creator of Makin' It, which the three men produced. In the early 1980s, he became great friends. Elizondo appeared in every film that Marshall directed, beginning with his first feature film Young Doctors in Love. Elizondo once noted that he is written into all of Marshall's contracts whether he wanted to do the film or not. In the opening credits of Exit to Eden, Elizondo is credited "As Usual... Hector Elizondo".
In 1984, Marshall had a film hit as the director of The Flamingo Kid. Marshall wore many hats during this period of his career: most of his hit television series were created and executive produced by him, his first producing assignment came with Hey, Landlord in 1966. He stepped up the next year, producing The Lucy Show. Came successes in producing The Odd Couple and Shirley, Blansky's Beauties, Mork & Mindy and Happy Days, he launched independent productions through his theater and in association with productions launched with talent he was grooming and working with for years. One such project titled Four Stars was directed by Lynda Goodfriend, was based on a play Goodfriend had read when she was studying at the Lee Strasberg Center, written by John Schulte and Kevin Mahoney, it starred Bert Kramer. Schulte co-wrote with TV veteran writer and producer, Fred Fox, Jr. who penned and produced a number of Marshall's television series, including Happy Days and Laverne and Shirley. Marshall went on to focus on directing feature films, with a series of hits, such as Beaches, Pretty Woman, The Princess Diaries, Valentine's Day, New Year's Eve.
Marshall was an actor, appearing in Murphy Brown and in such films as Soapdish, On the Lot, Lost in America, provided a guest-starring voice for The Simpsons episodes Eight Misbehavin' and Homer the Father. He appeared in two episodes of Happy Days as a drummer, his theater credits included Wrong Turn at Lungfish, which he wrote in collaboration with Lowell Ganz, The Roast with Jerry Belson and Happy Days: A New Musical with Paul Williams, which had its premiere at the Falcon Theater in Burbank, February 24, 2006. He portrayed the role of "director" on Burbank's "Lights... camera... action!" Float in the 2014 Rose Parade. In 2014, Marshall appeared in a guest star role in a February episode in season 11 of Two and a Half Men, his son Scott Marshall is a director and his daughter Kathleen Marshall is an producer. In 1997, he co-authored the memoir Wake Me. On the morning of July 19, 2016, Marshall died at a hospital in Burbank, California, at the age of 81 due to complications of pneumonia after suffering a stroke.
In 1996, Marshall was awarded the Women in Film Lucy Award in recognition of excellence and innovation in creative works that have enhanced the perception of women through the medium of television. He was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame for his contributions to the field of television in 1997. In 2012, he was inducted into the National Association of Broadcasters' Broadcasting Hall of Fame. Marshall received the Valentine Davies Award and Laurel Award for TV Writing Achievement from the Writers Guild of America. Garry Marshall at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Garry Marshall on IMDb Garry Marshall at the TCM Movie Database Garry Marshall at The Interviews: An Oral History of Television
Queens College, City University of New York
Queens College is one of the four-year colleges in the City University of New York system. Its 80-acre campus is located in the Kew Gardens Hills subsection of Flushing, with a student body that represents over 170 countries. Queens College is ranked among the leading institutions in the nation for the quality of its faculty and academic programs, the achievement of its students, its affordability. Before Queens College was established in 1937, the site of the campus was home to the Jamaica Academy, a one-room schoolhouse built in the early 19th century, where Walt Whitman once worked as teacher; the building was located on Flushing-Jamaica Road. Jamaica Academy became public in 1844. In 1909, the New York Parental School, a home for troubled boys, opened on the land surrounding the future site of Queens College and incorporated Jamaica Academy on its campus. Buildings such as Jefferson Hall were used as both classrooms. In 1934, the New York Parental School was investigated amid rumors of abuse.
The school was shut down and students were transferred to local public schools. A few months the grounds were turned over to the city; the city planned to house 500 mental patients from Randall's Island Hospital, who were temporarily displaced by the construction of the Triborough Bridge. Meanwhile, County Judge Charles S. Colden appointed and chaired a committee to assess the feasibility of opening a free college in Queens. In September 1935, the committee recommended the establishment of such a college. Mayor La Guardia pushed for the free college's creation. In March 1937, the Board of Education designated the site of the former Parental School to be the future location of Queens College. Paul Klapper, former dean of the School of Education at City College of New York, was appointed the new college's president; the college opened in October 1937—later than anticipated due to a painters' strike—with 21 members on its teaching staff and 400 students in its inaugural freshmen class. The school's colors of blue and silver were selected by a "Color Committee" drawn from the entering class of students, were announced at the first school dance, held on Wednesday, November 24, 1937.
The college campus grew as buildings were constructed and enrollment increased. But changes beyond growth were in store for Queens College: in 1970, CUNY adopted the controversial policy of Open Admissions, which guaranteed a place at CUNY for any high school graduate in New York, regardless of traditional criteria like grades or test scores; the program was intended to offer college education to more New York City residents, in particular those of color. But Open Admissions did not seem to affect Queens College as much as it did other schools — a year after its implementation, only 10% of its student body was black or Puerto Rican, according to the newly appointed college president, Dr. Joseph S. Murphy. In 1973 enrollment at Queens reached an all-time high of 31,413 students. By 1976 new concerns overtook the college. CUNY's policy of free tuition was revoked; some faculty members resigned in protest. The New York Times reported in December 1976 that "Queens College, considered the jewel in the university's crown, has been hard hit by the cuts, which have gone to the heart of the faculty."
All hiring and building on campus was halted. By 1984 student enrollment had declined to 15,000, but with a $175 million building program in place by 1986 for the college's 50th anniversary, enrollments were expected to rise and the college was beginning to recover from the financial crisis of the 1970s. In addition, the student body, in accordance with the mission of the short-lived Open Admissions program, had grown much more diverse, college faculty were trained to understand Latin American culture and how to teach American literature to non-American students. By that time, former Queens College president Dr. Joseph S. Murphy was CUNY Chancellor. In the 1990s, the college attracted high-profile researchers to its faculty, including the virologist Luc Montagnier. Under President Allen Lee Sessoms, the college underwent some growth but some missteps, including the publicized inability to fund the planned AIDS research center that Dr. Montagnier had been hired to lead; the college campus continued improving its facilities.
Under a $1 billion CUNY-wide improvement program, Queens College's Powdermaker Hall was given a $57 million renovation, begun in 2000. By 2014 enrollment was 20,000 students, half of whom come from minority backgrounds. Dr. Felix V. Matos Rodriguez was appointed president of Queens College by the CUNY Board of Trustees in 2014. Queens College students were active participants in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, including the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963; the most well-known student activist was Andrew Goodman, slain in Mississippi in 1964 with two other young men, James Chaney, Michael Schwerner. Schwerner and Chaney were on the organizing staff of CORE; the three activists were stopped and arrested for driving over the speed limit on a Mississippi road. After being brought into the sheriff's department and released, the three young men were stopped by two carloads of Ku Klux Klan members on a remote rural road; the men approached their car shot and killed all three young men.
The murders received national attention, six conspirators were brought to trial and convicted by f
Stuart Little 2
Stuart Little 2 is a 2002 American family comedy film directed by Rob Minkoff. It is the sequel to 1999's Stuart Little, itself loosely based on the original 1945 children's book by E. B. White, stars Geena Davis, Hugh Laurie, Jonathan Lipnicki, alongside the voices of Michael J. Fox, Nathan Lane, Melanie Griffith, James Woods, Steve Zahn. Set three years after the first film, the plot follows Stuart Little as he and family cat Snowbell must save a small bird named Margalo from the Falcon; the film was released to theaters on July 19, 2002 by Columbia Pictures, grossed $170 million against a $120 million budget. It was followed by a third film, a direct-to-video sequel entitled Stuart Little 3: Call of the Wild in 2005. However, unlike the previous two films, which were hybrids of live action and animation, the third one was animated. Three years after the first film, Stuart Little questions his abilities following a disastrous soccer match alongside his brother George, who accidentally kicked him with a soccer ball despite said kick scoring the winning goal for their team.
Stuart's relationship with George is strained further after he accidentally crashes a model airplane they were working on in the city park. Stuart's father, tries to encourage him, telling him that "every cloud has a silver lining." An injured canary named Margalo falls into Stuart's roadster on his way home from school. Stuart takes her home and introduces her to the Little family, where he invites Margalo to stay with them for a while, to which she accepts. However, Margalo is secretly assisting a peregrine falcon aptly named Falcon to steal valuables from households upon earning the homeowners' trust. Orphaned as a fledging, Margalo assists Falcon in exchange for a home, but Margalo grows reluctant to steal from the Littles. Unable to concentrate on her assignment for Falcon, Margalo becomes close friends with Stuart. Falcon loses patience and threatens to eat Stuart unless Margalo steals Eleanor's wedding ring. Concerned for Stuart's safety, she reluctantly complies; when the Littles discover that the ring is missing, they think it has fallen down their kitchen sink drain.
Stuart offers to be lowered down the drain on a string to get it, but the string breaks while he is down the drain. A guilt-stricken Margalo saves him leaves the Littles' house the following night to protect Stuart. Upon realizing Margalo's disappearance, Stuart assumes she has been kidnapped by Falcon and decides to rescue her with the Littles' cat Snowbell. Before he runs away from home, Stuart asks George to lie about his whereabouts to his parents while he is gone. With the help of Snowbell's alley cat friend Monty and Snowbell discover that Falcon lives at the top of the Pishkin Building. There, Falcon reveals to Stuart that Margalo works for him, stole his mother's ring, faked being injured. Though Stuart doesn't believe him at first, he reveals his mother's ring; when Margalo tries to reassure Stuart that she is his friend, Stuart begs her to come home with him. Falcon flippantly remarks. Infuriated by his blinkered claim, he attempts to kill Falcon by shooting an arrow from a Recurve Bow at him, but this turns out to be futile as the arrow bounces off of his beak, Provoking him to the point where he attempts to kill Stuart by dropping him from the top of the building, only for Stuart to land in a passing garbage truck before he gets knocked unconscious upon impact though Falcon remains unaware of Stuart's survival.
Falcon traps Margalo in a paint can as punishment for befriending Stuart, but Snowbell manages to reach the top of the building while Falcon is absent and releases her. Regaining consciousness on a garbage barge and losing hope, Stuart sadly considers giving up until he finds George's broken yet still-functioning model airplane on the barge, repairs it with various pieces of junk, uses it to return to Margalo. Meanwhile, the Littles discover that George has been lying about Stuart's whereabouts and demand to know where he is. George tries not to break his promise, but when Frederick tells him that Stuart's safety matters more, George tells them that he is at the Pishkin Building but is still in big trouble for lying. Falcon attacks Snowbell for getting involved in the first place, but Margalo declares her independence from him and attempts to flee with Eleanor's ring. Just as Falcon catches up, Stuart catches Margalo in his plane; the Littles follow them by the New York City Taxi as Stuart and Margalo fly through Central Park, with Falcon in hot pursuit.
Knowing they cannot outrun Falcon, Stuart decides to attack him directly. Using the glare of the Sun reflected in Eleanor's ring to temporarily blind Falcon, Stuart jumps out of the plane just before it crashes into Falcon. Margalo catches Stuart, they reunite with the Littles to return home. Falcon, crippled and no longer able to fly, falls out of the sky and lands in a trash can where Monty is searching for food. Sometime Margalo says goodbye to the Littles and leaves to migrate south for the winter. After this, Martha and Stuart's new sister, says her first words, "Bye-bye Birdie", much to the delight of the family, who celebrate before heading into the comfort of their home. Michael J. Fox as the voice of Stuart Little, an anthropomorphic teenage mouse adopted as the middle child of the Little family. Melanie Griffith as the voice of Margalo, a canary who befriends Stuart. Nathan Lane as the voice of Snowbell, the family cat, Stuart's best friend. James Woods as the voice of The Falcon. Geena Davis as Eleanor Little and George's m
Tony Randall was an American actor. He is best known for his role as Felix Unger in a television adaptation of the 1965 play The Odd Couple by Neil Simon. In a career spanning about six decades, Randall received six Golden Globe Award nominations and six Primetime Emmy Award nominations. On the May 9, 1990 episode of The Tonight Show, he added, "This is my 95th time on this show." Randall was born to a Jewish family, in Tulsa, the son of Julia and Mogscha Rosenberg, an art and antiques dealer. He attended Tulsa Central High School. Randall attended Northwestern University for a year before going to New York City to study at the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre, he studied under choreographer Martha Graham. Randall worked as an announcer at radio station WTAG in Massachusetts; as Anthony Randall, he starred with Jane Cowl in George Bernard Shaw's Candida and Ethel Barrymore in Emlyn Williams's The Corn Is Green. Randall served for four years with the United States Army Signal Corps in World War II, including work at the Signals Intelligence Service.
After the war, he worked at the Olney Theatre in Montgomery County, Maryland before heading back to New York City. In the 1940s, one of his first jobs was playing "Reggie" on the long-running radio series I Love a Mystery. In 1946, Randall was cast as one of the brothers in a touring production of Katharine Cornell's revival of The Barretts of Wimpole Street. Randall appeared on Broadway in Cornell's production of Antony and Cleopatra alongside Cornell and a young Charlton Heston and Maureen Stapleton, he was in Cleopatra with Cedric Hardwicke and Lili Palmer. Randall began appearing on television, notably episodes of One Man's Family. Tony Randall's first major television role was as a history teacher, Harvey Weskit, in Mister Peepers, he continued to guest star on other shows such as The Gulf Playhouse, The Pepsi-Cola Playhouse, Kraft Theatre, The Motorola Television Hour, Armstrong Circle Theatre, Studio One in Hollywood, Appointment with Adventure, The Philco-Goodyear Television Playhouse.
Randall replaced Gig Young in the Broadway hit Oh, Men! Oh, Women!. Randall's first major role in a Broadway hit was in Inherit the Wind portraying Newspaperman E. K. Hornbeck, alongside Ed Begley and Paul Muni. On television he was in Heaven Will Protect the Working Girl co-written by Neil Simon, he guest starred on The Alcoa Hour. Randall's success in Inherit the Wind led to film offers and his first significant big-screen role in Oh, Men! Oh, Women!. It was made at 20th Century Fox who promoted Randall to stardom with Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? Alongside Jayne Mansfield, he had one of the leads in No Down Payment. In 1958, Randall played the leading role in the Broadway musical comedy Oh, Captain!, taking on a role originated on film by Alec Guinness. Oh, Captain! was a financial failure, but Randall received a Tony Award nomination for his dance turn with prima ballerina Alexandra Danilova. Randall was in Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse, Goodyear Theatre, The United States Steel Hour, Sunday Showcase and Playhouse 90.
Randall co-starred with Debbie Reynolds in The Mating Game at MGM. He was in a huge hit with Pillow Talk supporting Doris Rock Hudson, he starred in an NBC-TV special The Secret of Freedom, filmed during the summer of 1959 in Mount Holly, New Jersey, broadcast on the network during the fall of 1959 and again in early 1960. On TV he was in The Man in the Moon co-written by Mel Brooks. Randall was top billed in MGM's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn had a Pillow Talk style support role in Let's Make Love with Marilyn Monroe and Yves Montand and Lover Come Back with Hudson and Day. Randall continued to guest on TV shows including Checkmate. In 1961 Randall played a dramatic role in "Hangover," an episode of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour in which he portrayed an alcoholic business executive who strangles his wife in a drunken rage, he starred in a TV adaptation of Arsenic & Old Lace, had big screen leading roles in Boys' Night Out, Island of Love. Randall starred as nearly all of the leading characters in the 1964 classic film 7 Faces of Dr. Lao, based on The Circus of Dr. Lao by Charles G. Finney.
In addition to portraying and voicing the eponymous 7 Faces, Randall appeared without makeup in a two-second cameo, as a solemn spectator in the crowd, for a total of 8 roles in the film. The film received an Oscar for William J. Tuttle's makeup artistry, he made one last film with Hudson and Day, Send Me No Flowers. Randall had the lead in a comedy about a lion. Randall returned to Broadway in UTBU, he was in the TV movie The Littlest Angel. Randall returned to television in 1970 as Felix Unger in The Odd Couple, opposite Jack Klugman, a role lasting for five years; the names of Felix's children on The Odd Couple were Edna and Leonard, named for Randall's sister and Randall himself. In 1974, Randall and Jack Klugman appeared in television spots endorsing a Yahtzee spinoff, Challenge Yahtzee, they appeared in character as Felix and Oscar, the TV spots were filmed on the same set as The Odd Couple. During the series ru
New York Mets
The New York Mets are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of Queens. The Mets compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League East division; the Mets are one of two Major League clubs based in New York City. One of baseball's first expansion teams, the Mets were founded in 1962 to replace New York's departed NL teams, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Giants; the Mets' colors are composed of the Dodgers' blue and the Giants' orange, which form the outer two bands of the New York City flag. During the 1962 and 1963 seasons, the Mets played their home games at the Polo Grounds. From 1964 to 2008, the Mets' home ballpark was Shea Stadium. In 2009, they moved into Citi Field. In their 1962 inaugural season, the Mets posted a record of 40–120, the worst regular season record since MLB went to a 162-game schedule; the team never finished better than second to last until the 1969 "Miracle Mets" beat the Baltimore Orioles in the 1969 World Series in what is considered one of the biggest upsets in World Series history.
Since they have played in four additional World Series, including a dramatic run in 1973 that ended in a seven-game loss to the Oakland Athletics, a second championship in 1986 over the Boston Red Sox, a Subway Series loss against their cross-town rivals the New York Yankees in 2000, a five-game loss to the Kansas City Royals in 2015. The Mets qualified to play in the Major League Baseball postseason in 1988 and 2006, coming within one game of the World Series both years. After near-misses in 2007 and 2008, the Mets made the playoffs in 2015 for the first time in nine years, won their first NL pennant in 15 years; the team again returned to the playoffs in this time with a wild card berth. This was the team's second back-to-back playoff appearance, the first occurring during the 1999 and 2000 seasons; as of the end of the 2018 MLB season, the Mets overall win-loss record is 4362–4732, good for a.480 win percentage. After the 1957 season, the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants relocated from New York to California to become the Los Angeles Dodgers and San Francisco Giants leaving the largest city in the United States with no National League franchise and only one major league team, the New York Yankees of the American League.
With the threat of a New York team joining a new third league, the National League expanded by adding the New York Mets following a proposal from William Shea. In a symbolic reference to New York's earlier National League teams, the new team took as its primary colors the blue of the Dodgers and the orange of the Giants, colors featured on the Flag of New York City; the nickname "Mets" was adopted: it was a natural shorthand to the club's corporate name, "The New York Metropolitan Baseball Club, Inc.", hearkened back to the "Metropolitans", its brevity was advantageous for newspaper headlines. For the first two years of its existence, the team played its home games at the historic Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan. In 1964, they moved into newly constructed Shea Stadium in Flushing, where the Mets played until the 2008 season. In 2009, the club moved into Citi Field, adjacent to the former Shea Stadium site. During their history, the Mets have won two World Series titles, five National League pennants and six National League East titles.
The Mets qualified for the postseason as the National League wild card team in 1999, 2000, 2016. The Mets have appeared in five World Series, more than any other expansion team in MLB history, their two championships are the most titles among expansion teams, equal to the tallies of the Toronto Blue Jays, Miami Marlins, Kansas City Royals. The Mets held the New York baseball single-season attendance record for 29 years, they broke the Yankees' 1948 record by drawing nearly 2.7 million spectators in 1970. The Mets broke their own record five times before the record was regained by the Yankees in 1999; the 1962 Mets posted a 40–120 record, a record for the most losses in a season since 1899. In 1966, the Mets famously bypassed future Hall of Famer Reggie Jackson in the amateur draft, instead selecting Steve Chilcott, who never played in the majors, but the following year, they acquired future Hall of Famer Tom Seaver in a lottery. Seaver helped the 1969 "Miracle Mets" win the new National League East division title defeat the Atlanta Braves to win the National League pennant and the favored Baltimore Orioles to win the 1969 World Series.
In 1973, the Mets rallied from 5th place to win the division, despite a record of only 82–79. They shocked the favored Cincinnati Reds "Big Red Machine" in the NLCS and pushed the defending World Series champion Oakland Athletics to a seventh game, but lost the series. Notably, 1973 was the only NL East title between 1970 and 1980 that wasn't won by either the Philadelphia Phillies or the Pittsburgh Pirates. Star pitcher Tom Seaver was traded in 1977, on a day remembered as "the Midnight Massacre", the Mets fell into last place for several years; the franchise turned around in the mid-1980s. During this time the Mets drafted slugger Darryl Strawberry and 1985 Cy Young Award winner Dwight Gooden. In addition, former National League MVP and perennial Gold Glove winner Keith Hernandez was obtained by the Mets in 1983. In 1985, they acquired Hall of Fame catcher Gary Carter from the Montreal Expos and won 98 games, but narrowly missed the playoffs. In 1986, they won the division with a record of 108–54, one of the best in National Le