The pintail or northern pintail is a duck with wide geographic distribution that breeds in the northern areas of Europe and North America. It is migratory and winters south of its range to the equator. Unusually for a bird with such a range, it has no geographical subspecies if the possibly conspecific duck Eatons pintail is considered to be a separate species. This is a duck, and the males long central tail feathers give rise to the species English. Both sexes have blue-grey bills and grey legs and feet, the drake is more striking, having a thin white stripe running from the back of its chocolate-coloured head down its neck to its mostly white undercarriage. The drake has attractive grey and black patterning on its back, the hens plumage is more subtle and subdued, with drab brown feathers similar to those of other female dabbling ducks. Hens make a coarse quack and the drakes a flute-like whistle, the northern pintail is a bird of open wetlands which nests on the ground, often some distance from water.
It feeds by dabbling for plant food and adds small invertebrates to its diet during the nesting season and it is highly gregarious when not breeding, forming large mixed flocks with other species of duck. This ducks population is affected by predators and avian diseases, human activities, such as agriculture and fishing, have had a significant impact on numbers. Nevertheless, owed to the range and large population of this species. This species was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema naturae in 1758 as Anas acuta, within the large dabbling duck genus Anas, the northern pintails closest relatives are other pintails, such as the yellow-billed pintail and Eatons pintail. The pintails are sometimes separated in the genus Dafila, an arrangement supported by morphological, the famous British ornithologist Sir Peter Scott gave this name to his daughter, the artist Dafila Scott. Eatons pintail has two subspecies, A. e. eatoni of Kerguelen Islands, and A. e. drygalskyi of Crozet Islands, sexual dimorphism is much less marked in the southern pintails, with the males breeding appearance being similar to the female plumage.
Unusually for a species such a large range, northern pintail has no geographical subspecies if Eatons pintail is treated as a separate species. A claimed extinct subspecies from Manra Island, Tristrams pintail, A. a. modesta, the northern pintail is a fairly large duck with a wing chord of 23. 6–28.2 cm and wingspan of 80–95 cm. The male is 59–76 cm in length and weighs 450–1,360 g, and therefore is larger than the female. The northern pintail broadly overlaps in size with the mallard, but is more slender and gracile, with a relatively longer neck. The unmistakable breeding plumaged male has a head and white breast with a white stripe extending up the side of the neck
National Park Service
It was created on August 25,1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. As of 2014, the NPS employs 21,651 employees who oversee 417 units, the National Park Service celebrated its centennial in 2016. National parks and national monuments in the United States were originally individually managed under the auspices of the Department of the Interior, the movement for an independent agency to oversee these federal lands was spearheaded by business magnate and conservationist Stephen Mather, as well as J. Horace McFarland. With the help of journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather ran a publicity campaign for the Department of the Interior and they wrote numerous articles that praised the scenic and historic qualities of the parks and their possibilities for educational and recreational benefits. This campaign resulted in the creation of a National Park Service, Mather became the first director of the newly formed NPS.
On March 3,1933, President Herbert Hoover signed the Reorganization Act of 1933, the act would allow the President to reorganize the executive branch of the United States government. It wasnt until that summer when the new President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President Roosevelt agreed and issued two Executive orders to make it happen. In 1951, Conrad Wirth became director of the National Park Service, the demand for parks after the end of the World War II had left the parks overburdened with demands that could not be met. In 1952, with the support of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he began Mission 66, New parks were added to preserve unique resources and existing park facilities were upgraded and expanded. In 1966, as the Park Service turned 50 years old, emphasis began to turn from just saving great and wonderful scenery, Director George Hartzog began the process with the creation of the National Lakeshores and National Recreation Areas. Since its inception in 1916, the National Park Service has managed each of the United States national parks, Yellowstone National Park was the first national park in the United States.
In 1872, there was no government to manage it. Yosemite National Park began as a park, the land for the park was donated by the federal government to the state of California in 1864 for perpetual conservation. Yosemite was returned to federal ownership, at first, each national park was managed independently, with varying degrees of success. In Yellowstone, the staff was replaced by the U. S. Army in 1886. Due to the irregularities in managing these national treasures, Stephen Mather petitioned the government to improve the situation. In response, Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane challenged him to lobby for creating a new agency, Mather was successful with the ratification of the National Park Service Organic Act in 1916. Later, the agency was given authority over other protected areas, the National Park System includes all properties managed by the National Park Service
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Greater white-fronted goose
The greater white-fronted goose is a species of goose related to the smaller lesser white-fronted goose. It is named for the patch of white bordering the base of its bill, in fact albifrons comes from the Latin albus white. In Europe it has known as simply white-fronted goose, in North America it is known as the greater white-fronted goose. Even more distinctive are the markings on the breast of adult birds. Greater white-fronted geese are 64–81 cm in length, have a 130–165 cm wingspan and they have bright orange legs and mouse-coloured upper wing-coverts. They are smaller than greylag geese, the male is typical larger in size, both sexes are similar in appearance—greyish brown birds with light grey breasts dappled with dark brown to black blotches and bars. Both males and females have a bill and orange legs. The appearance of European or Russian white-fronted geese, of the race albifrons and Greenland white-fronted geese, of the race flavirostris, the Greenland white-fronted goose, in all plumages, looks darker and more oily-looking than the European white-fronted goose, both at rest and in flight.
The greater white-fronted goose is divided into five subspecies, the nominate subspecies A. a. albifrons breeds in the far north of Europe and Asia, and winters further south and west in Europe. All these races are similar in plumage, differing only in size and it winters in Ireland and western Scotland. Another putative East Asian subspecies albicans has been described, ecological studies in 2002 suggest the Greenland birds should probably be considered a separate species from A. albifrons. Of particular interest is its long period of parental care and association. The Pacific birds migrate south down the Pacific coast, staging primarily in the Klamath Basin of southern Oregon and northern California and wintering, eventually, in Californias Central Valley. The tule goose is somewhat rare and has been since the latter half of the 19th century, in the British Isles, two races overwinter, Greenland birds in Scotland and Ireland, and Russian birds in England and Wales. They gather on farmland at favoured sites, with a famous flock gathering at WWT Slimbridge, Gloucestershire.
Greenland birds overwinter in Ireland and from late September and through the winter months, a. a. albifrons and A. a. flavirostis are among the taxa to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds applies. Weather conditions are a key factor in the breeding success of white-fronted geese. In the Arctic, the window of opportunity for nesting, incubating eggs, arriving in late May or early June, white-fronted geese begin departing for fall staging areas in early September
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its resources. The organization has four science disciplines, concerning biology, geology. The USGS is a research organization with no regulatory responsibility. The USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior, the USGS employs approximately 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia. The USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, the current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is science for a changing world. The agencys previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its anniversary, was Earth Science in the Public Service. Prompted by a report from the National Academy of Sciences, the USGS was created, by a last-minute amendment and it was charged with the classification of the public lands, and examination of the geological structure, mineral resources, and products of the national domain.
This task was driven by the need to inventory the vast lands added to the United States by the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the legislation provided that the Hayden and Wheeler surveys be discontinued as of June 30,1879. Clarence King, the first director of USGS, assembled the new organization from disparate regional survey agencies, after a short tenure, King was succeeded in the directors chair by John Wesley Powell. Administratively, it is divided into a Headquarters unit and six Regional Units, Other specific programs include, Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide. The National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location, the USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System. The USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, and it maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research.
It conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards, USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time, the USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online, since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. USGS operates a number of related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program. USGS Water data is available from their National Water Information System database
Wildlife photography is a genre of photography concerned with documenting various forms of wildlife in their natural habitat. It is one of the more challenging forms of photography, as well as requiring sound technical skills, such as being able to expose correctly, wildlife photographers generally need good field craft skills. For example, some animals are difficult to approach and thus a knowledge of the behavior is needed in order to be able to predict its actions. Photographing some species may require stalking skills or the use of a hide/blind for concealment, however, a great wildlife photograph can be the result of being in the right place at the right time. In the early days of photography, it was difficult to get a photograph of wildlife due to slow lenses, in fact, it was not until 1906 that National Geographic published its first wildlife photos. The photos were taken by George Shiras III, a U. S, some of his photos were taken with the first wire-tripped camera traps. It will provide organisers with a clear definition when they need to deal with the problem of ineligible images.
BeetleCam Digiscoping Escape distance of animals High-speed photography National Wildlife Magazine Nature photographers Nature photography Project Noah Wildlife observation
The canvasback is a species of diving duck, the largest found in North America. It ranges from 48–56 cm in length and weighs 862–1,600 g and it is the largest species in the Aythya genus, being similar in size to a mallard but with a heavier and more compact build than it. 191 males wintering in western New York averaged 1,252 g and 54 females there averaged 1,154 g, the canvasback has a distinctive wedge-shaped head and long graceful neck. The adult male has a bill, a chestnut red head and neck, a black breast, a grayish back, black rump. The drakes sides and belly are white with fine vermiculation resembling the weave of a canvas, the bill is blackish and the legs and feet are bluish-gray. The iris is red in the spring, but duller in the winter. The adult female has a bill, a light brown head and neck, grading into a darker brown chest. The sides and back are grayish brown, the bill is blackish and the legs and feet are bluish-gray. Its sloping profile distinguishes it from other ducks, the genus name is derived from Greek aithuia, an unidentified seabird mentioned by authors, including Hesychius and Aristotle.
The species name comes from the wild celery Vallisneria americana, whose winter buds. The celery genus is named for seventeenth century Italian botanist Antonio Vallisneri. The ducks common name is based on early European inhabitants of North Americas assertion that its back was a canvas-like color, in other languages it is just a white-backed duck, for example in French, morillon à dos blanc, or Spanish, pato lomo blanco. In Mexico it is called pato coacoxtle, the breeding habitat of the canvasback is in North America prairie potholes. The bulky nest is built from vegetation in a marsh and lined with down, loss of nesting habitat has caused populations to decline. The canvasback usually takes a new mate each year, pairing in late winter on ocean bays and it prefers to nest over water on permanent prairie marshes surrounded by emergent vegetation, such as cattails and bulrushes, which provide protective cover. Other important breeding areas are the river deltas in Saskatchewan. It has a size of approximately 5–11 eggs, which are greenish drab.
The chicks are covered in down at hatching and able to leave the nest soon after, the canvasback sometimes lays its eggs in other canvasback nests and redheads often parasitize canvasback nests
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. was an American statesman, explorer, soldier and reformer who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909. As a leader of the Republican Party during this time, he became a force for the Progressive Era in the United States in the early 20th century. Born a sickly child with debilitating asthma, Roosevelt successfully overcame his health problems by embracing a strenuous lifestyle and he integrated his exuberant personality, vast range of interests, and world-famous achievements into a cowboy persona defined by robust masculinity. Home-schooled, he began a lifelong naturalist avocation before attending Harvard College and his first of many books, The Naval War of 1812, established his reputation as both a learned historian and as a popular writer. Upon entering politics, he became the leader of the faction of Republicans in New Yorks state legislature. Returning a war hero, he was elected governor of New York in 1898, the state party leadership distrusted him, so they took the lead in moving him to the prestigious but powerless role of vice presidential candidate as McKinleys running mate in the election of 1900.
Roosevelt campaigned vigorously across the country, helping McKinleys re-election in a victory based on a platform of peace, prosperity. Following the assassination of President McKinley in September 1901, Roosevelt succeeded to the office at age 42, making conservation a top priority, he established a myriad of new national parks and monuments intended to preserve the nations natural resources. In foreign policy, he focused on Central America, where he began construction of the Panama Canal and he greatly expanded the United States Navy and sent the Great White Fleet on a world tour to project the United States naval power around the globe. His successful efforts to end the Russo-Japanese War won him the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize, elected in 1904 to a full term, Roosevelt continued to promote progressive policies, but many of his efforts and much of his legislative agenda were eventually blocked in Congress. Roosevelt successfully groomed his close friend, William Howard Taft, to succeed him in the presidency, after leaving office, Roosevelt went on safari in Africa and toured Europe.
Returning to the United States, he became frustrated with Tafts approach, failing to win the Republican presidential nomination in 1912, Roosevelt founded his own party, the Progressive, so-called Bull Moose Party, and called for wide-ranging progressive reforms. The split among Republicans enabled the Democrats to win both the White House and a majority in the Congress in 1912, Republicans aligned with Taft nationally would control the Republican Party for decades. Frustrated at home, Roosevelt led an expedition to the Amazon basin. During World War I, he opposed President Woodrow Wilson for keeping the country out of the war, and offered his military services, although planning to run again for president in 1920, Roosevelt suffered deteriorating health and died in early 1919. Roosevelt has consistently ranked by scholars as one of the greatest American presidents. Historians admire Roosevelt for rooting out corruption in his administration, but are critical of his 1909 libel lawsuits against the World and his face was carved into Mount Rushmore, alongside those of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Abraham Lincoln.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. was born on October 27,1858, at East 20th Street in New York City and he was the second of four children born to socialite Martha Stewart Mittie Bulloch and glass businessman and philanthropist Theodore Roosevelt Sr
The peregrine falcon, known as the peregrine, and historically as the duck hawk in North America, is a widespread bird of prey in the family Falconidae. A large, crow-sized falcon, it has a back, barred white underparts. As is typical of bird-eating raptors, peregrine falcons are sexually dimorphic, the peregrine is renowned for its speed, reaching over 320 km/h during its characteristic hunting stoop, making it the fastest member of the animal kingdom. According to a National Geographic TV programme, the highest measured speed of a falcon is 389 km/h. The peregrines breeding range includes land regions from the Arctic tundra to the tropics and this makes it the worlds most widespread raptor and one of the most widely found bird species. Both the English and scientific names of this species mean wandering falcon, the two species divergence is relatively recent, during the time of the last ice age, therefore the genetic differential between them is relatively small. It has been determined that they are only approximately 0. 6–0. 8% genetically differentiated, while its diet consists almost exclusively of medium-sized birds, the peregrine will occasionally hunt small mammals, small reptiles, or even insects.
Reaching sexual maturity at one year, it mates for life and nests in a scrape, normally on cliff edges or, in recent times, the peregrine falcon became an endangered species in many areas because of the widespread use of certain pesticides, especially DDT. Since the ban on DDT from the early 1970s, populations have recovered, supported by large-scale protection of nesting places and releases to the wild. The peregrine falcon is a well respected falconry bird due to its hunting ability, high trainability, versatility. It is effective on most game species from small to large. The peregrine falcon has a length of 34 to 58 cm. Males weigh 330 to 1,000 g and the larger females weigh 700 to 1,500 g. In most subspecies, males less than 700 g and females weigh more than 800 g. The standard linear measurements of peregrines are, the wing chord measures 26.5 to 39 cm, the tail measures 13 to 19 cm and the tarsus measures 4.5 to 5.6 cm. The back and the long pointed wings of the adult are usually black to slate grey with indistinct darker barring.
The white to rusty underparts are barred with thin bands of dark brown or black. The tail, coloured like the back but with thin clean bars, is long and rounded at the end with a black tip and a white band at the very end
The Klamath Basin is the region in the U. S. states of Oregon and California drained by the Klamath River. It contains most of Klamath County and parts of Lake and Jackson counties in Oregon, and parts of Del Norte, Modoc, the 15, 751-square-mile drainage basin is 35% in Oregon and 65% in California. In Oregon, the watershed typically lies east of the Cascade Range, in the Oregon-far northern California segment of the river, the watershed is semi-desert at lower elevations and dry alpine in the upper elevations. In the western part of the basin, in California, the climate is more of temperate rainforest, the Upper Klamath Watershed lies between the Cascade Range and the Basin and Range Province in southern Oregon and northern California. Bedrock stratigraphy in the area includes volcanic deposits, volcanic ejecta, little water is able to permeate through the upper volcanic deposit layers to the principle aquifers. Groundwater is able to move throughout the upper basin despite geologic structures that occur due to normal faulting which only confine groundwater on a local scale.
Artesian wells discharging into the Upper Klamath Lake are essential for recharge into the lake, snowmelt is currently a large contributor of groundwater recharge in the Upper Klamath Basin. The drainage basins of the Williamson and Sprague Rivers, in Oregon, are to the north, the two watersheds cover 3,069 square miles, or 19. 4% of the Klamath River watershed. The basin of the Lost River, the largest subwatershed by area, lies to the southeast of Upper Klamath Lake and this covers 3,009 square miles or 19. 1% of the Klamath River watershed - nearly as much as the Williamson and Sprague. Proceeding west, the adjoining Butte Creek, Shasta and Salmon River watersheds have 603 square miles,795 square miles,813 square miles and these account for 4. 3%, 5%,5. 2%. And 5% of the Klamath River watershed, respectively, or 19. 5% of the watershed if put together, further southwest, the watershed of the Trinity River, the second largest subwatershed of the Klamath, has 2,965 square miles or 19% of the watershed.
The watershed of the South Fork Trinity River is 980 square miles - 33% of the Trinity watershed or 6% of the Klamath watershed. Upper Klamath Lake is the largest present-day body of water in the Klamath River watershed, covering 96 square miles on average and it is the largest freshwater lake in the state of Oregon. This interconnected wetland still supports up to 3.7 million migrating birds per year, in wet years, the two lakes would connect to Upper Klamath Lake, forming one huge body of water. This lake existed up to 11,000 years ago at the end of the most recent ice age, Upper Klamath Lake encompasses just 0. 6% of the Klamath watershed. There are several entirely artificial bodies of water in the watershed - including Lake Ewauna, J. C. Boyle Reservoir, Copco Lake, Lake Ewauna, called Keno Reservoir, is 3.8 square miles in size, and is about 20 miles long. The J. C. Boyle Reservoir is much smaller, with an area of 0.65 square miles. Copco Reservoir is about 5.4 miles long and is 1 square mile in area, Iron Gate Reservoir covers 1.4 square miles and is about 6.8 miles long
National Historic Landmark
A National Historic Landmark is a building, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance. Of over 85,000 places listed on the countrys National Register of Historic Places, a National Historic Landmark District may include contributing properties that are buildings, sites or objects, and it may include non-contributing properties. Contributing properties may or may not be separately listed, prior to 1935, efforts to preserve cultural heritage of national importance were made by piecemeal efforts of the United States Congress. The first National Historic Site designation was made for the Salem Maritime National Historic Site on March 17,1938. In 1960, the National Park Service took on the administration of the data gathered under this legislation. Because listings often triggered local preservation laws, legislation in 1980 amended the procedures to require owner agreement to the designations. On October 9,1960,92 properties were announced as designated NHLs by Secretary of the Interior Fred A.
Seaton, more than 2,500 NHLs have been designated. Most, but not all, are in the United States, there are NHLs in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Three states account for nearly 25 percent of the nations NHLs, three cities within these states all separately have more NHLs than 40 of the 50 states. In fact, New York City alone has more NHLs than all but five states, California, Massachusetts, there are 74 NHLs in the District of Columbia. Some NHLs are in U. S. commonwealths and territories, associated states, and foreign states. There are 15 in Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and other U. S. commonwealths and territories,5 in U. S. -associated states such as Micronesia, over 100 ships or shipwrecks have been designated as NHLs. About half of the National Historic Landmarks are privately owned, the National Historic Landmarks Program relies on suggestions for new designations from the National Park Service, which assists in maintaining the landmarks. A friends group of owners and managers, the National Historic Landmark Stewards Association, works to preserve, protect, if not already listed on the National Register of Historic Places, an NHL is automatically added to the Register upon designation.
About three percent of Register listings are NHLs, american Water Landmark List of U. S
Siskiyou County, California
Siskiyou County /ˈsɪskjuː/ SISS-kew is a county in the northernmost part of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,900, Siskiyou County is in the Shasta Cascade region along the Oregon border. Because of its outdoor recreation opportunities and Gold Rush era history, Siskiyou County was created on March 22,1852, from parts of Shasta and Klamath Counties, and named after the Siskiyou mountain range. Parts of the territory were given to Modoc County in 1855. The county is the site of the section of the Siskiyou Trail. The Siskiyou Trail followed Native American footpaths, and was extended by Hudsons Bay Company trappers in the 1830s and its length was increased by Forty-Niners during the California Gold Rush. After the discovery of an important gold strike near today’s Yreka, California in 1851 and this was described in detail by Joaquin Miller in his semi-autobiographical novel Life Amongst the Modocs. In the mid 1880s, the construction of the Central Pacific Railroad along the Siskiyou Trail brought the a first wave of tourism, Visitors were drawn by the county’s many summer resorts, and to hunt or fish in the largely untouched region.
The Southern Pacific railroad, the successor to the Central Pacific, the movement has seen a revival in recent years. The origin of the word Siskiyou is not known, others claim the Six Cailloux name was appropriated by Stephen Meek, another Hudsons Bay Company trapper who discovered Scott Valley, for a crossing on the Klamath River near Hornbrook. The County is home to the Black Bear Ranch, a commune started in 1968 with the slogan Free Land for free people, on September 4,2013, the Siskiyou County Board of Supervisors voted 4 to 1 to secede from the State of California. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 6,347 square miles. It is the fifth-largest county by area in California, the county is dotted as well with lakes and reservoirs, such as Castle Lake and Lake Siskiyou. Mount Shasta itself has a sports center. Pastoral Scott Valley in the part of the county has many wide, tree-lined meadows. Butte Valley nurseries are the source of premium strawberry plants in North America.
The county’s water is viewed as pure and abundant that the county is a source of significant amounts of bottled water. A large Crystal Geyser plant is at the base of Mt. Shasta, substantial amounts of the county are forested within the Siskiyou and Cascade Ranges, including significant oak woodland and mixed conifer forests