San Juan, Texas
San Juan is a city in Hidalgo County, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 33,856, up from 26,229 in 2000, it is part of the McAllen -- Edinburg -- Reynosa -- McAllen metropolitan areas. The city is known for the Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of San Juan del Valle, one of the largest churches in South Texas; the community was organized in part, due to the efforts of John Closner. San Juan is located in southern Hidalgo County at 26°11′33″N 98°9′10″W, in the Rio Grande Valley region, it is bordered to the east by the city of Alamo. Unincorporated communities bordering San Juan include Lopezville to the northwest, Murillo to the north, North Alamo to the northeast. San Juan is 8 miles south of Edinburg, the county seat, it is 10 miles north of the Mexican border at the Pharr–Reynosa International Bridge over the Rio Grande. According to the United States Census Bureau, San Juan has a total area of 11.5 square miles, all of it land. The center of San Juan is south of Interstate 2/U.
S. Route 83 and east of U. S. Route 281; as of the census of 2000, there were 26,229 people, 6,606 households, 5,952 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,383.0 people per square mile. There were 7,719 housing units at an average density of 701.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 4.4% White, 0.34% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.93% from other races, 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 95.12% of the population. There were 6,606 households out of which 56.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.9% were non-families. 8.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.95 and the average family size was 4.19. In the city, the population was spread out with 37.4% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 15.6% from 45 to 64, 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $22,706, the median income for a family was $23,314. Males had a median income of $18,756 versus $16,910 for females; the per capita income for the city was $7,945. About 32.7% of families and 34.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.6% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over. The United States Postal Service operates the San Juan Post Office. All of San Juan is a part of the Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District. A small fringe portion is a part of the Hidalgo Independent School District. PSJA elementary schools in San Juan include Carman Elementary, Clover Elementary, Doedyns Elementary, Garza-Peña Elementary, North San Juan Elementary, Reed-Mock Elementary, Sorensen Elementary, Leonel Trevino Elementary. Austin Middle School, which opened in 1970, San Juan Middle School are inside the city.
Pharr-San Juan-Alamo High School is in San Juan. A small northeastern section is zoned to Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Memorial High School in Alamo. In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community. San Juan Memorial Library serves San Juan, it is located at 1010 S. Standard, San Juan, Texas 78589. KFRQ 94.5FM - Official Site KKPS 99.5FM - Official Site KNVO 101.1FM - Official Site KVLY 107.9FM - Official Site Official website "San Juan, TX" at Handbook of Texas Online Brief San Juan information
Harlingen is a city in Cameron County in the central region of the Rio Grande Valley of the southern part of the U. S. state of Texas, about 30 miles from the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The city covers more than 40 square miles and is the second-largest city in Cameron County, as well as the fourth-largest in the Rio Grande Valley; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 64,849, for a growth rate of 12.5% since the 2000 census. It is the city with the lowest cost of living in the United States. Harlingen is a principal city of the Brownsville–Harlingen metropolitan area, part of the larger Brownsville-Harlingen-Raymondville combined statistical area, included in the Matamoros–Brownsville metropolitan area. Harlingen's strategic location at the intersection of U. S. Route 77 and U. S. Route 83, co-designated as Interstate 69 East and Interstate 2 in northwestern Cameron County, fostered its development as a distribution and industrial center. In 1904, Lon C. Hill envisioned the Arroyo Colorado as a commercial waterway.
He named the town he founded on the north bank after the Frisian city of Harlingen, in the Netherlands. The town's post office was established that year; the first school opened with 15 pupils in 1905 near the Hill home, the first residence built in Harlingen. Harlingen incorporated on April 15, 1910, when the population totaled 1,126. In 1920, the census listed 1,748; the local economy at first was entirely agricultural. Major crops were vegetables and cotton. World War II military installations in Harlingen caused a jump in population from 23,000 in 1950 to 41,000 by 1960. Harlingen Army Air Field preceded Harlingen Air Force Base, which closed in 1962; the city's population fell to 33,603 by 1972 climbed to 40,824 by 1980. Local enterprise, focused on the purchase and use of the abandoned base and related housing, laid the groundwork for continuing progress through a diversified economy; the estimated population in July 1985 was 49,000. In the late 1980s, income from tourism ranked second only to citrus fruit production, with grain and cotton next in order.
The addition of wholesale and retail trade and medium manufacturing, an array of service industries has broadened the economic base. Large-scale construction for multifaceted retirement communities is a new phase of industrial development; the City of Harlingen operates a busy industrial airpark. At Valley International Airport, the Confederate Air Force occupied hangar and apron space until 1991; the first hospital in Harlingen opened in 1923, consisted of little more than two barracks as wings. The Valley Baptist Hospital was built nearby a few years and the older hospital closed; the Valley Baptist Hospital has grown into the Valley Baptist Medical Center. The city's outstanding network of health-care specialists and facilities parallels the growth of the still-expanding center. Serving regional health needs are the South Texas State Chest Hospital, the State Hospital for Children, the Rio Grande State Mental Health and Mental Retardation Center. Besides public and church-affiliated schools, Harlingen students attend the University Preparatory School, the Marine Military Academy, Texas State Technical College, or Rio Grande Vocational and Rehabilitation classes.
Civic and cultural development in Harlingen has kept pace with the growth of the community. Fraternal orders and civic organizations operating in the community include Rotary, Lions, Optimist, 20-30, VFW, American Legion, the Lower Valley Cotillion Club. Development and appreciation of the fine arts are encouraged by organizations such as the Rio Grande Valley Art League, the Art Forum, the Rio Grande Valley Civic Association, which stages its winter concert series at the 2,300-seat Harlingen Municipal Auditorium; each March, Harlingen is the site of the Rio Grande Valley International Music Festival. The city has two newspapers—the Harlingen Press, a weekly paper established in 1951, the Valley Morning Star, a daily established in 1911. In 1990, the population was 48,735. In 1992, the city was named an All-America City, cited for its volunteer spirit and self-help programs. In 2000, the community had 2,549 businesses; the famous Tejano music singer Selena performed here with her band Selena and the Dinos.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 40.3 square miles, of which 39.8 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles, or 1.22%, is covered by water. Soils in Harlingen range in texture from fine sandy loam to clay, they are neutral to moderately alkaline with pH of 7.2 to 8.5, are moderately well drained or well drained in most cases, with small areas of poorly drained, saline clays. As of the census of 2000, 57,564 people, 19,021 households, 14,360 families resided in the city; the population density was 1,689.6 people per square mile. The 23,008 housing units averaged 675.3/mi2. The racial makeup of the city was 78.68% White, 0.92% Black, 0.52% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 16.39% from other races, 2.58% from two or more races. About 72.76 % of the population was Latino of any race. As in other cities in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, a significant part of Harlingen's transient population and a significant contributor to its economy consists of "Winter Texans" retirees from the no
Brownsville is a city in Cameron County in the U. S. state of Texas. It located on the western Gulf Coast in South Texas, adjacent to the border with Mexico; the city covers 81.528 square miles and has a population of 183,299 as of 2017. It is 16th-largest in Texas, it is part of the Brownsville–Matamoros conurbation, with a population of 1,136,995 people. The city is known for deep-water seaport and Hispanic culture; the city was founded in 1848 by American entrepreneur Charles Stillman after he developed a successful river boat company nearby. It was named after Major Jacob Brown, who fought and died while serving as a U. S. Army soldier during the Mexican–American War; as the city is the seat of government for the county of Cameron, the city and county government are major employers. Other primary employers fall within the service and manufacturing industries, including a growing aerospace and space transportation sector, it operates international trading through the Port of Brownsville. The city experienced a population increase in the early 1900s.
Brownsville is cited as having one of the highest poverty rates in the United States. Due to significant historical events, the city has multiple houses and battle sites listed under the National Register of Historic Places, it was the scene of several key events of the American Civil War, such as the Battle of Brownsville and the Battle of Palmito Ranch. The city was involved in the Texas Revolution as well as the Mexican–American War. Brownsville's idiosyncratic geographic location has made it a wildlife refuge center. Several state parks and historical sites are protected by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. In 1781, Spanish government officials granted José Salvador de la Garza 59 leagues of land, he used the land to construct a ranch several miles northwest of the area. During the early 1800s, Brownsville was known to residents as los tejidos; the area was inhabited by a few settlers around 1836 when Texas declared its independence from Mexico. On February 4, 1846, President James K. Polk instructed American General Zachary Taylor and his troops to begin moving south towards Brownsville.
Once Taylor arrived, he built Fort Texas. It was renamed Fort Brown in honor of American General Jacob Brown, one of two deceased soldiers during the Siege of Fort Texas. Charles Stillman arrived in Matamoros in 1828 from Connecticut to help his father in the mercantile business. Brownsville became part of Texas after the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. During that year, Stillman formed a partnership with Samuel Belden and Simon Mussina to form the Brownsville Town Company, they sold lots valued at $1,500. The city of Brownsville was established in late 1848 by Stillman, was made the county seat of Cameron County on January 13, 1849; the state incorporated the city on January 24, 1850. This was repealed on April 1, 1852, because of a land-ownership dispute between Stillman and its former owners; the state reincorporated the city on February 7, 1853. The issue of ownership was not decided until 1879 when the United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of Stillman. On April 25, 1846, Captain Seth B.
Thornton received reports of Mexican troops crossing the Rio Grande river. Thornton and 63 U. S. Dragoons discovered several houses in the area. Mexican General Anastasio Torrejón crossed the Rio Grande the previous day, he commanded 1,600 cavalry and infantry troops to surround Thornton's troops in fractions. Due to heavy force from Torrejón's troops, Thornton's troops surrendered. 11 American casualties were reported. Reports of the incident were sent to President James K. Polk who announced that "American blood has been spilled upon the American territory". On May 13, the United States Congress declared war against Mexico. American General Zachary Taylor retreated from Fort Brown on May 1, 1846. On May 3, Arista and the Mexican Army began the Siege of Fort Texas, during the first active campaign in the Mexican–American War; this was counteracted by the United States 7th Infantry Regiment. Despite heavy strikes, Mexican General Pedro de Ampudia outlined a traditional siege to move forward. General Zachary Taylor began moving towards Fort Brown.
Mexican troops intercepted them near Palo Alto 5 miles north of present-day Brownsville, resulting in the first battle of the war. The following day, Mexican troops had retreated. Taylor's troops charged up to them resulting in the Battle of Resaca de la Palma, which took place within the present city limits; when Taylor arrived at the besieged Fort Texas, he found that two soldiers including the fort's commander Major Jacob Brown, had died. Brown, who suffered an injury when a cannonball hit his leg, died three days after his injury on May 9. In his honor, General Taylor renamed the facility as Fort Brown. An old cannon at the University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College marks the spot where Major Brown received his fatal wound. On July 13, 1859, Juan Cortina saw Brownsville city Marshal Robert Sheers arrest and beat an elderly man, a ranch hand at his mother's ranch. Cortina approached the marshal, questioning his motives, before shooting him twice after he refused to release the man.
The first shot missed Sheers, but the second struck his shoulder causing him to fall t
Willacy County, Texas
Willacy County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 22,134, its county seat is Raymondville. The county was created in 1911 and organized the next year. Willacy County comprises the Raymondville, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville, TX Combined Statistical Area, which itself is part of the larger Rio Grande Valley region. Willacy County was formed in 1911 from parts of Cameron and Hidalgo counties and included what is now Kenedy County. Kenedy was split from Willacy in 1921, when the long-settled ranchers of the northern part of the county sought to separate from the newly arrived farmers of the southern part; the Bermuda onion was introduced to Willacy County in 1912. It grew well and displaced ranchland in the southern part of the county, becoming the most important crop. For many years the town of Raymondville held an annual Onion Festival, using the tag line, "The Breath of a Nation." In 1940, the first oil wells were sunk in the county's Willamar Oil Field.
In the 1940s, sorghum was introduced to the county displacing cotton and other crops. Cattle ranching remains a substantial economic activity as well. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 784 square miles, of which 591 square miles is land and 194 square miles is water, it borders the Gulf of Mexico. Interstate 69E U. S. Highway 77 State Highway 186 Farm to Market Road 498 Kenedy County Cameron County Hidalgo County Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge Padre Island National Seashore As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,134 people residing in the county. 54.4% of residents were men. This population lived in 7,040 housing units; the population resides in 4,607 families. Of all households, 46.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 19.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder without a present wife, non-families comprised 20.1% of households. 32.9% of all households contained an individual, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.28 and the average family size was 3.73. Of the population, 85.8% of residents were White, 2.1% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 9.3% of some other race and 1.8% of two or more races. 87.2 % of residents were Latino. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years; the median income for a household in the county was $22,881, the median income for a family was $25,399. The per capita income for the county was $10,800. 39.4% of families and 43.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.5% of those under age 18 and 38.3% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it among the poorest counties in the United States. School districts that serve Willacy County include: Lasara Independent School District Lyford Consolidated Independent School District Raymondville Independent School District San Perlita Independent School DistrictIn addition, residents are allowed to apply for magnet schools operated by the South Texas Independent School District.
KFRQ 94.5FM - Official Site KKPS 99.5FM - Official Site KNVO 101.1FM - Official Site KVLY 107.9FM - Official Site Raymondville is the location of three private prisons, all adjacent to each other: the Willacy County Correctional Center the Willacy County Regional Detention Center and Willacy County State Jail The elected officials of the tiny county have been entangled in a series of political controversies. Amongst other things, the District Attorney has sought the removal of the local sheriff, county clerk, district clerk. Meanwhile, the Sheriff and the two clerks have petitioned the district court for the removal of the District Attorney. More the District Attorney has gained more attention for his actions concerning the dismissal of a Capital Murder charge against a confessed assailant because of, he claimed, an appropriate time to prepare. However, he found time to file, the next day, a petition for the removal of the County Judge. On November 18, 2008 a Willacy County grand jury indicted a number of political figures, including Vice President Dick Cheney and former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales.
Indictments have not yet been made public and a district judge still has to sign the indictments. Two state district judges were indicted along with State Senator Eddie Lucio, Jr. Lyford Raymondville San Perlita Lyford South National Register of Historic Places listings in Willacy County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Willacy County Willacy County from the Handbook of Texas Online. Historic Willacy County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History. Willacy County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Cameron County, Texas
Cameron County the County of Cameron, is the southernmost county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 406,220; the county was founded in 1848 and is named for Captain Ewen Cameron, a soldier during the Texas Revolution and in the ill-fated Mier Expedition. During the 19th century and through World War II, Fort Brown was a US Army outpost here, stimulating the development of the city of Brownsville. Cameron County is part of the Brownsville–Harlingen, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville, TX Combined Statistical Area, which itself is part of the larger Rio Grande Valley region. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,276 square miles, of which 891 square miles is land and 386 square miles is water. To the east, the county borders the Gulf of Mexico. Interstate 2 Interstate 69E/U. S. Highway 77 Interstate 169/State Highway 550 U. S. Highway 83 U. S. Highway 281 State Highway 4 State Highway 48 State Highway 100 State Highway 107 State Highway 345 Willacy County, Texas Hidalgo County, Texas Matamoros Municipality, Mexico Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park As of the census of 2010, there were 406,220 people, 119,631 households, 96,579 families residing in the county.
The population density was 370 people per square mile. There were 141,924 housing units at an average density of 132 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.0% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.8% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. 88.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 119,631 households out of which 50.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.3% were non-families. 16.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.80. In the county, the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.6 years.
For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,264, the median income for a family was $33,770. Males had a median income of $21,410 versus $15,597 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,695. About 30.0% of families and 34.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.8% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over. A 2000 Texas A&M study stated that of the residents of Cameron County, 43% do not have basic literacy skills. U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement operates the Port Isabel Service Processing Center, located in an unincorporated area adjacent to the Port Isabel-Cameron County Airport, itself owned and operated by the county; the airport offers fuel and other general aviation services. U. S. District Judge Andrew S. Hanen stated in 2013 that the corruption in the county judiciary and legal system was so pervasive that most people would not believe it "unless they heard it themselves."County Judge Carlos Cascos will step down after eight years in the position in January 2015 to become Secretary of State of Texas in the new administration of Governor Greg Abbott.
Cascos had just won a third term as county judge in the same November 4, 2014 general election in which Abbott defeated the Democrat Wendy R. Davis. In 2006, Cascos had unseated County Judge Gilberto Hinojosa, who in 2012 became the state chairman of the Texas Democratic Party; as of 2006, officeholders tend to be Democrats. As of 2006, about 20,000 to 30,000 people in Cameron County vote in primary elections, Presidential elections have higher turnouts. Politiqueras, women hired to help elderly people vote, are crucial in South Texas elections. Cecilia Ballí of Texas Monthly wrote that voters expect to get favors from politicians they vote for, if they do not get these favors they become resentful of politicians as a whole. Cameron County is served by several school districts, they include: Brownsville Independent School District Harlingen Consolidated Independent School District La Feria Independent School District Los Fresnos Consolidated Independent School District Lyford Consolidated Independent School District Point Isabel Independent School District Rio Hondo Independent School District San Benito Consolidated Independent School District Santa Maria Independent School District Santa Rosa Independent School DistrictIn addition, residents are eligible to apply to South Texas Independent School District's magnet schools.
SpaceX has been approved by the FAA to build a private spaceport east of Brownsville on the Gulf Coast. The SpaceX South Texas Launch Site is projected to employ 75–100 full-time workers in the early years with up to 150 full-time employees/contractors by 2019. In 2014, Space-X acquired additional land near Boca Chica which they consolidated into a subdivision labelled "Mars Crossing," named after the novel by science-fiction writer Geoffrey A. Landis. KFRQ 94.5FM KKPS 99.5FM KNVO 101.1FM KVLY 107.9FM KVMV 96.9FM The Brownsville Herald Valley Morning Star El Nuevo Heraldo (AIM Media Texa
McAllen is the largest city in Hidalgo County, United States, the 22nd-most populous city in Texas. It is located at the southern tip of the state in the Rio Grande Valley; the city limits extend south to the Rio Grande, across from the Mexican city of Reynosa, McAllen is about 70 mi west of the Gulf of Mexico. As of 2017, McAllen’s population was estimated to be 142,696, it is the fifth-most populous metropolitan area in the state of Texas, the binational Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan area counts a population of nearly 1.52 million. From its settlement in 1904, the area around McAllen was rural and agricultural in character, but the latter half of the 20th century had steady growth, which the metropolitan area still experiences today; the introduction of the maquiladora economy and the North American Free Trade Association led to an increase in cross-border trading with Mexico. In 1904, the Hidalgo and San Miguel Extension of the St. Louis and Mexico Railway reached the Santa Anita Ranch. John McAllen and his son James donated land to the railroad to guarantee.
On December 5, 1904, the McAllen Townsite Company was formed by Uriah Lott, Leonidas C. Hill Sr. John McAllen, James Ballí McAllen, John J. Young; the new community, named for John McAllen, had the depot nearest the county seat, Hidalgo, 8 mi to the south. By 1911, 5,000 acres were under cultivation in East McAllen, with produce consisting of cotton, broom corn, citrus fruits and figs. East McAllen had an estimated population of 1,000 that year, West McAllen had ceased to exist. In 1911, the town was issued a charter of incorporation under the name McAllen. In 1916, 20,000 New York state troops were stationed at McAllen to help quell border disturbances; the resulting economic boom increased the population from 1,200 in 1916 to 6,000 in 1920. McAllen adopted a home rule charter in 1927. Canning factories, a winery, tortilla plants, wood-working plants, some oil exploration increased the population to 9,074 by 1930. In 1936, Hiram Garner opened the Valley Distillery, which produced wines from citrus juices.
The town was a petroleum and farm chemurgic center with a population of 11,877 in 1940, by which time it had adopted the nickname "The City of Palms". In 1941, a suspension bridge replaced the old bridge from Hidalgo to Reynosa in Tamaulipas, its construction resulted in increased tourist trade, making McAllen a winter resort and port of entry to Mexico. The discovery of oil in the Reynosa area in 1947 resulted in a large migration of people from the Mexican interior, constituting a new tourist market and cheap labor supply for McAllen; the sister cities were linked as a result of the increased traffic between them. The population of McAllen was 20,005 in 1950 and 32,728 in 1960; the McAllen–Hidalgo–Reynosa International Bridge was the number-two port of entry into Mexico in 1954. McAllen was an agricultural and tourist center in 1970, when the population reached 37,636. By the start of the 1970s, McAllen had a 200-bed hospital and a new air-conditioned high school, the first school in the nation featuring on-site power generated by natural gas-powered turbines.
The tourism industry continued to expand as people traveled to the area from both Mexico and the northern United States. The population continued to grow through the 1970s, reached 66,281 by 1980. During the late 1980s, the McAllen Foreign Trade Zone was an important general-purpose foreign trade zone. At the time, McAllen's main industries were retail and farming, each was in trouble; the devaluation of the Mexican peso in the 1980s put a damper on cross-border shopping. In 1983, a freeze took out much of the valley's citrus crop. In the mid-1980s, fueled by trade and the growth of the maquiladora, the economy began to improve in Hidalgo County. McAllen sits across the border from a large manufacturing center. After the peso devalued, coaxing companies to put their plants in Mexico with support operations in Texas became easier. President Trump held a briefing with the border agents at the patrol station here in January 2019 during the United States federal government shutdown of 2018–2019 over the Mexico–United States barrier.
The city has become a focal point for concerns about the border as border crossing is a daily event for many and is a key component in the local economy. Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen visited the Border Patrol station here in March 2019, she mentioned. The Marine Corps Commandant General Robert Neller had expressed concerns about the impact of border support on combat readiness for the troops. In order to deal with over crowded facilities in 2019 for asylum seekers, immigration authorities were releasing a few hundred people daily to private groups that assist them with basic needs and travel arrangements. After the U. S military troops placed razor wire coils at the border, the mayor emphasized how safe and secure the city is. Portions were removed by the city. U. S. military troops are prohibited from carrying out law enforcement duties. During border support activities, they are not allowed to seize drugs, they have assisted the Border Patrol by using military helicopters to carrying border patrol agents to and from locations along the Mexico–United States border and maintaining vehicles.
McAllen is located in southern Hidalgo County at 26°12′59″N 98
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western