Lennie Wayne Pond was an American NASCAR driver. He won NASCAR Winston Cup Rookie of the Year honors in 1973, won his only race at Talladega Superspeedway in 1978 for Ronnie Elder and Harry Ranier. Pond set a world record speed of 174.700 miles per hour in winning the caution free 500-mile race. Lennie W. Pond grew up in the Village of Ettrick, Virginia racing on his parents' farm, which Ettrick was home to Pond all his life. In the mid-1950s. Pond started racing modifieds on dirt tracks went to asphalt tracks to late-model tracks. In 1973, Pond started to run Winston Cup races. Pond got to run all three tracks here—dirt and the new track, his career totals include 234 career starts, one win, 39 top fives, 88 top tens, five poles, a best championship finish of 5th in 1976. He beat out Darrell Waltrip for rookie of the year honors in 1973. Five years Pond won his first career race at Talladega Superspeedway. Before retiring Pond raced his last race on September 10, 1989 at Richmond International Raceway in the Miller High Life 400 where he finished in 11th place.
Pond became a car salesman at Heritage Chevrolet in Chester, Virginia. Pond died February 2016 from complications of cancer. Pond Interview with John Sealy Heritage Chevrolet, Virginia Lennie Pond driver statistics at Racing-Reference
Lucas Oil Products, Inc. is an American manufacturer and distributor of automotive oil and lubricants. It was founded by trucker Forrest Lucas and his wife Charlotte in 1989; the company is a medium size manufacturer of lubricants, including engine oils, gear lubes, as well as problem-solving additives and car-care products. It produces and markets 270 formulations in 40 countries. In the U. S. Lucas Oil is sold in more than 30,000 auto parts stores, displaying the most variety of shelf products of any oil company and at truck stops nationwide. Lucas Oil has two major plants in the United States; the original plant is located in Corona, which houses Lucas Oil Corporate Headquarters, Lucas Oil Production Studios, Team Lucas, LucasOilRacingTV and the Lucas owned motorsports network, MAVTV. In 2003 it opened a new production plant in Corydon and expanded with an additional, multimillion dollar, 350,000-square-foot facility in 2014; the company’s focus is to create and produce better working oils than those available on the commercial marketplace.
The company’s first product was Heavy Duty Oil Stabilizer, followed by aftermarket products, including: Heavy Duty Oil Stabilizer, a ultra high viscosity petroleum multi-use oil supplement for controlling noise and wear in manual transmissions and differentials Upper Cylinder Fuel Lubricant, marketed as delivering an extra half mile to the gallon savings for both gasoline and diesel Power Steering Stop-Leak, developed to address maintenance issues in rack and pinion steering mechanisms Lucas Transmission FixAccording to David Portalatin, an NPD industry analyst, Lucas Oil accounts for nearly all of the segment’s recent growth and is one of leading brands in the oil additives segment. The company continues to expand internationally. Current markets include Canada, Latin America, Asia and most the Middle East. Lucas Oil owns or sponsors motorsports race teams and series at all levels, including NASCAR, INDYCAR, NHRA, IHRA, POWRi, ASCS, WAR and MLRA. Lucas Oil owns and operates many high profile racing series, including Lucas Oil Off Road Racing Series, Lucas Oil Drag Boat Series, Lucas Oil Pro Pulling League, Lucas Oil Late Model Dirt Series, Lucas Oil Modified Series and the Lucas Oil Speedway in Wheatland, Missouri.
MAVTV is a motorsports television network with a programming lineup that includes the Lucas Oil Chili Bowl, Lucas Oil Pro Motocross, the FIA World Rally Championship, NHRA Drag Racing, Lucas Oil Drag Boat Racing, Lucas Oil Off Road Racing, Lucas Oil Late Model Dirt, Lucas Oil Modified, Lucas Oil Sprint Cars and custom build shows. MAVTV is available on Charter, DirecTV, Google Fiber, Time Warner Cable, Verizon Fios, hundreds of regional distributors. Launched on January 1, 2016, Lucas Oil Racing TV is a motorsports-dedicated subscription video on demand service. Programming includes both live races and a large library of both United States and international motorsports content. Many shows include expanded pre- and post-race footage, additional interviews, background content; the service is available through the LucasOilRacing. TV website for smartphones and tablets, as well as Roku, Amazon Fire TV, Android TV, Xbox One and Xbox 360. Lucas Oil Production Studios produces more than 300 hours of television annually for CBS, CBS Sports, NBC Sports as well as MAVTV.
Lucas Oil Production Studios under the direction of Dawn Patison focus on grass roots motorsports production including the Lucas Oil Modified Series, Lucas Oil Off Road Racing Series, the Dave Despain Show, the Lucas Oil Chili Bowl Nationals, the Lucas Oil Pro Pulling League and the Lucas Oil Late Model Series. Team Lucas is a marketing platform for Lucas-owned motorsports properties. Partners include Carlyle Tools, GEICO, General Tire, OPTIMA Batteries, Rockstar Energy Drink, K&N Filters and Indianapolis Colts Lucas Oil Stadium. Team Lucas' fan and media exposure includes the many Lucas Oil sponsored series televised by MAVTV and its broadcasting partners; the company is a sponsor of several H1 Unlimited, NHRA and IndyCar events. In 2005, Lucas Oil founded the Lucas Oil Late Model Dirt Series. Since 2011, it owns the cable network MAVTV, which under its purview went from a male-focused network with a lowbrow point of view to a leading motorsports network. On February 28, 2006, it was announced that Lucas Oil had purchased the naming rights to the Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis, for $120 million over 20 years.
The facility is the home field for the NFL's Indianapolis Colts. Other events that have or will be held at the stadium include the 2010 NCAA Men's Basketball Final Four, the 2009 NCAA Men's Basketball Regional Finals, Super Bowl XLVI, the 2015 NCAA Men's Basketball Final Four, the 2016 NCAA Women's Basketball Final Four, every Drum Corps International World Championship since 2009. In 2009, Lucas Oil founded the short course off-road racing series Lucas Oil Off Road Racing Series. In March 2012, Lucas Oil extended their title sponsorship of the AMA Motocross series. Since 2011, Lucas Oil has been a main sponsor of the Professional Bull Riders association. At the time he purchased the mansion of Conseco co-founder Stephen Hilbert, Forrest Lucas stated, "I can justify it by having this as a corporate retreat for my employees and for my customers."The Lucas Oil Crusader monster jam truck was debuted in Houston, Texas in 2011. It was driven by Canadian Driver, Linsey Weenk, who drove the Built Ford Tough Blue Thunder monster truck before.
Lucas Oil Rail Line known as the Louisville New Albany & Corydon Railroad, was added to the Corydon, Indiana's plant’s capabilities in 2006, servicing the main manufacturing facility and several other major businesses
James "Jimmy" Horton III is a racecar driver racing a dirt modified for the HALMAR racing team weekly at the Orange County Fair Speedway. He raced in 48 NASCAR Winston Cup races in eight seasons, he was a regular on the ARCA circuit in the 1990s. Horton has won many of the most noted races for dirt track modifieds in the Northeastern United States. Horton first became known as a modified racecar driver in the Northeastern United States, he began racing in a small block powered his father's racecar, in the early 1970s. He won the sportsman championship at Orange County Speedway in 1974, he won modified track championships at numerous tracks. He was the 1976 Modified champion at Orange County driving his dad's #43 and won it again in 2017 driving the Halmar Racing #43; that season, he was involved in one of the rare dead heat modified feature wins along with fellow future NASCAR racer Tighe Scott. It was the first race of a twin 50 feature and it was too close to call. Scott and Horton's cars collided after the race.
After 1976 he started racing in the #3 Statewide dirt modified. He won track championships at Bridgeport Speedway in 1975, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1997, 1998, 2003 and, 2014, he is a 2-time winner of the premier race in dirt modified racing, the Super DIRT Week 200. He won the Eastern States 200 in his career, he won modified track championships at New Egypt Speedway in 2004 and 2006. Horton made his first NASCAR start in the Busch Grand National series in 1985, he raced in seven Busch races in his career. Most of his career Winston Cup starts were at tracks in the Northeastern United States for underfunded teams, but Horton made two starts at Hendrick Motorsports in 1990 when Darrell Waltrip was injured during final practice for the Firecracker 400. Horton's two starts for Hendrick were in the two July restrictor plate races—Daytona and Talladega, participated as a relief driver at the second Pocono race. Horton started 41st in the Firecracker at Daytona race, finished 17th, he finished a career best 13th in the summer race at Talladega, the second of the two races in Hendrick's Tide #17 Chevrolet.
Horton was involved in a major crash during the 69th lap of the 1993 DieHard 500. Horton's car was clipped by Stanley Smith's car. Horton's car hit three other cars before it flew over the wall and landed on an access road outside of the track. Smith suffered near-fatal head injuries in the incident, while Horton walked out of the wreck unscathed. Horton won numerous ARCA races, including the series premiere event, the Daytona ARCA 200, in 1990 and 1992; the 1992 victory was his seventh superspeedway victory, which at the time was the second most in series history. He used a NASCAR Chevrolet Lumina purchased from Darrell Waltrip for the victory. Horton escaped serious injury after a frightening crash at Atlanta in 1995. Horton's #52 AC Delco Chevrolet rolled over during a multi-car accident, his car was struck from the bottom while rolling by teammate Ed Dixon. Neither driver was injured, his son Jimmy Horton IV raced Modifieds for his Grandfather at New Egypt Speedway and Bridgeport Speedway. Jimmy Horton driver statistics at Racing-Reference
Benjamin Stewart "Benny" Parsons was an American NASCAR driver, an announcer/analyst/pit reporter on SETN, TBS, ABC, ESPN, NBC, TNT. He became famous as the 1973 NASCAR Winston Cup champion, was a 2017 NASCAR Hall of Fame inductee, he was the older brother of former NASCAR driver car owner and broadcaster Phil Parsons of Phil Parsons Racing. He was nicknamed "BP" and The Professor, the latter in part because of his popular remarks and relaxed demeanor, he was the founder of Rendezvous Ridge, a winery in North Carolina, which opened shortly after his death. Parsons was born in North Carolina, he spent his childhood years in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina and played football at Millers Creek High School. Following high school, he moved to Michigan where his father operated a taxicab company. Parsons drove cabs in Detroit before beginning his racing career. While working at the gas station one day, a couple of customers towing a race car invited him to a local race track; the driver of the car never showed up for that evening's race, Parsons drove the car in a race for the first time that night.
Parsons began his NASCAR career by running a single race in 1964 for Holman-Moody with a young Cale Yarborough. Parsons won the 1968 and 1969 ARCA championships, moved to Ellerbe, North Carolina. Parsons had three top-10 finishes in four NASCAR races in 1969. Benny joined the NASCAR circuit full-time in 1970 with John Hill, he had 23 top-10 finishes in 45 races, a pole at Langley Field Speedway, finished eighth in the final point standings. He raced in the No. 72 L. G. DeWitt/DeWitt Racing car. Parsons had 18 top-10 finishes in 35 starts in 1971, including his first win at South Boston Speedway, he finished eleventh in the points. In 1972 he had 19 top-10 finishes in 31 races, he finished fifth in the final points standings. In 1973 he won the NASCAR Championship with only one win though David Pearson won eleven races. Parsons' consistency won him the championship: he had 21 top-10 and 15 top-5 finishes in the 28 events, his improbable return to the track after an early crash cemented his championship at Rockingham, North Carolina.
He saw his championship hopes start to fade as he was involved in a lap 13 crash and his car was damaged. He took to the pits to muster whatever he could out of the car and hope for a top five finish in the final standings; the rest of the garage was hoping to see the underdog unseat the mighty Richard Petty and joined in to help Parsons' crew put the car back together. Parsons miraculously got back on the track 136 laps and completed enough laps to finish 25th and take the 1973 championship. Richard Petty, with the championship in his sights after winning the pole and seeing Parsons' accident, had engine trouble and was relegated to a 35th-place finish; the poor performance dropped Petty all the way to fifth in the final standings, as Cale Yarborough took the runner up spot on the season with his third-place effort. He finished 67 points behind the champion. Parsons became the only person to win both ARCA and NASCAR championships. Parsons finished between third and fifth in the final points standings from 1974 to 1980 and won the 1975 Daytona 500.
He switched to the No. 27 car for M. C. Anderson starting in 1979. In 1979 at North Wilkesboro Speedway Bobby Allison led most of the race but in the final 150 laps, Darrell Waltrip caught Allison; the two hit together hard and Darrell nailed the front stretch wall. Waltrip got black flagged for the crowding. Benny Parsons would win the race, but it would be his only win at the North Wilkesboro Speedway, a track which his wife Terri would become an investor two years after his death, he finished 3rd in points. In 1981 he starting racing in the No. 15 Bud Moore car. He had a win at Nashville Speedway USA and he won the final race at Texas World Speedway, he received his final top-ten points place finish. Parsons qualified for the 1982 Winston 500 at Talladega Superspeedway at 200.175 miles per hour, the first NASCAR qualification run over 200 mph. Parsons raced in about half of the races between 1986 for owner Johnny Hayes. Parsons final career victory came in 1984 at the Coca-Cola 500 at Atlanta, he appeared in the 1983 Burt Reynolds movie Stroker Ace. Parsons returned to Hendrick Motorsports in 1987 as a substitute driver for Tim Richmond, stricken with AIDS and would succumb in 1989.
During the first lap of a race at Darlington Raceway, Parsons hit the wall and badly damaged his race car. He had to make several pit stops for repairs. At one point, his crew chief, Harry Hyde refused to allow Parsons to pit because he and the crew were on an ice cream break; this incident was alluded to in the film, Days of Thunder. Another scene in the film was inspired by a real-life incident at Martinsville Speedway involving Parsons and the notoriously cantankerous Hyde: Hyde sarcastically told Parsons to hit the pace car on a restart because it was the only thing on the track Parsons had not hit. Parsons raced in the No. 90 Bulls Eye Ford for Junie Donlavey in his final NASCAR season in 1988 and moved to the broadcast booth, a position that he would hold until his death. Parsons did decide to race a few other times, the first during the 2003 Old Dominion 500 as part of Wally's World segment and he drove a ceremonial victory lap at the last fall race at Rockingham in 2003 in a car similar to the one he won the champi
Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company is an American multinational automaker that has its main headquarter in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903; the company sells automobiles and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand and most luxury cars under the Lincoln brand. Ford owns Brazilian SUV manufacturer Troller, an 8% stake in Aston Martin of the United Kingdom and a 32% stake in Jiangling Motors, it has joint-ventures in China, Thailand and Russia. The company is controlled by the Ford family. Ford introduced methods for large-scale manufacturing of cars and large-scale management of an industrial workforce using elaborately engineered manufacturing sequences typified by moving assembly lines. Ford's former UK subsidiaries Jaguar and Land Rover, acquired in 1989 and 2000 were sold to Tata Motors in March 2008. Ford owned the Swedish automaker Volvo from 1999 to 2010. In 2011, Ford discontinued the Mercury brand, under which it had marketed entry-level luxury cars in the United States, Canada and the Middle East since 1938.
Ford is the second-largest U. S.-based automaker and the fifth-largest in the world based on 2015 vehicle production. At the end of 2010, Ford was the fifth largest automaker in Europe; the company went public in 1956 but the Ford family, through special Class B shares, still retain 40 percent voting rights. During the financial crisis at the beginning of the 21st century, it was close to bankruptcy, but it has since returned to profitability. Ford was the eleventh-ranked overall American-based company in the 2018 Fortune 500 list, based on global revenues in 2017 of $156.7 billion. In 2008, Ford produced 5.532 million automobiles and employed about 213,000 employees at around 90 plants and facilities worldwide. Henry Ford's first attempt at a car company under his own name was the Henry Ford Company on November 3, 1901, which became the Cadillac Motor Company on August 22, 1902, after Ford left with the rights to his name; the Ford Motor Company was launched in a converted factory in 1903 with $28,000 in cash from twelve investors, most notably John and Horace Dodge.
The first president was not Ford, but local banker John S. Gray, chosen to assuage investors' fears that Ford would leave the new company the way he had left its predecessor. During its early years, the company produced just a few cars a day at its factory on Mack Avenue and its factory on Piquette Avenue in Detroit, Michigan. Groups of two or three men worked on each car, assembling it from parts made by supplier companies contracting for Ford. Within a decade, the company would lead the world in the expansion and refinement of the assembly line concept, Ford soon brought much of the part production in-house in a vertical integration that seemed a better path for the era. Henry Ford was 39 years old when he founded the Ford Motor Company, which would go on to become one of the world's largest and most profitable companies, it has been in continuous family control for over 100 years and is one of the largest family-controlled companies in the world. The first gasoline powered automobile had been created in 1885 by the German inventor Carl Benz.
More efficient production methods were needed to make automobiles affordable for the middle class, to which Ford contributed by, for instance, introducing the first moving assembly line in 1913 at the Ford factory in Highland Park. Between 1903 and 1908, Ford produced the Models A, B, C, F, K, N, R, S. Hundreds or a few thousand of most of these were sold per year. In 1908, Ford introduced the mass-produced Model T, which totalled millions sold over nearly 20 years. In 1927, Ford replaced the T with the first car with safety glass in the windshield. Ford launched the first low-priced car with a V8 engine in 1932. In an attempt to compete with General Motors' mid-priced Pontiac and Buick, Ford created the Mercury in 1939 as a higher-priced companion car to Ford. Henry Ford purchased the Lincoln Motor Company in 1922, in order to compete with such brands as Cadillac and Packard for the luxury segment of the automobile market. In 1929, Ford was contracted by the government of the Soviet Union to set up the Gorky Automobile Plant in Russia producing Ford Model A and AAs thereby playing an important role in the industrialisation of that country.
The creation of a scientific laboratory in Dearborn, Michigan in 1951, doing unfettered basic research, led to Ford's unlikely involvement in superconductivity research. In 1964, Ford Research Labs made a key breakthrough with the invention of a superconducting quantum interference device or SQUID. Ford offered the Lifeguard safety package from 1956, which included such innovations as a standard deep-dish steering wheel, optional front, for the first time in a car, rear seatbelts, an optional padded dash. Ford introduced child-proof door locks into its products in 1957, and, in the same year, offered the first retractable hardtop on a mass-produced six-seater car. In late 1955, Ford established the Continental division as a separate luxury car division; this division was responsible for the manufacture and sale of the famous Continental Mark II. At the same time, the Edsel division was created to design and market that car starting with the 1958 model year. Due to limited sales of the Continental and the Edsel disaster, Ford merged Lincoln and Edsel into "M
Kyle Eugene Petty is an American former stock car racing driver, current racing commentator. He is the son of racer Richard Petty, grandson of racer Lee Petty, father of racer Adam Petty, killed in a crash during a practice in May 2000. Petty last drove the No. 45 Dodge Charger for Petty Enterprises, where he served as CEO. Petty was born in Randleman, North Carolina, he began racing at a young age and made his major-league stock car debut at the age of 18. He won the first race he entered: the 1979 Daytona ARCA 200, in one of his father's mothballed 1978 Dodge Magnum race cars. In the season, he made his Winston Cup Series debut, he ran five races and had a ninth-place finish in his first series race at Talladega. In 1980, he made a total of fifteen starts in the No. 42 and had six top-ten finishes, garnering a twenty-eighth-place points finish. He began the 1981 season driving his father's No. 43 for one race, before running a full schedule in his regular No. 42, finishing in the top-ten ten times and finishing twelfth in points.
He began the 1982 season with two top-ten finishes, but began splitting time between his No. 42 and the No. 1 UNO/STP car owned by Hoss Ellington, ended the season fifteenth in points. In 1983, he picked up funding from 7-Eleven and switched his number to No. 7 accordingly. He had only two top-ten finishes but improved to thirteenth in the standings, he followed that season up with six top-tens the following year, but fell three spots in points. Petty took his number and sponsorship to Wood Brothers Racing in 1985, where he had a career-high seven top-fives and his first top-ten points finish; the next season, he won his first career race at Richmond and finished tenth in the final standings. In 1987, he switched to the #21 and received new sponsorship from Citgo, as well as picking up a win at Charlotte, he failed to pick up a win in 1988, fell to thirteenth in points, causing him to be released from the ride. He signed on to a part-time schedule in 1989 for the new SABCO Racing team. Beginning the season unsponsored, he and SABCO picked up sponsorship from Peak Antifreeze after he drove their car to a top-ten finish at the Daytona 500, filling in for Eddie Bierschwale, as well as Ames Department Stores.
Petty and the #42 Pontiac team competed in nineteen races that season, his best finish being a 4th at Atlanta. Peak became the team's full-time sponsor in 1990, Petty finished eleventh in points after winning the spring race at North Carolina Speedway with a 26-second margin of victory. Mello Yello would replace Peak as sponsor of the #42 in 1991, Petty was running eleventh in points when he suffered a broken leg at a crash at Talladega, causing him to miss the next eleven races, his abbreviated schedule combined with only one top-ten in the second half of the season caused him to finish the season 30th in points. In 1992, Petty rebounded to a career-best fifth-place finish in points, as well winning two separate races that season; the 1992 season would be the only year that he would win multiple races in a season. Kyle came close to winning the championship in 1992, he had a flat tire at Phoenix and broke an engine in the last race otherwise he would have been neck and neck with Elliott and Kulwicki for the title.
He duplicated his points finish in 1993 as well as picking up a win at Pocono Raceway. He dropped ten spots in points in 1994 after he failed to finish higher than fourth, lost the Mello Yello sponsorship at the end of the season. Coors Light became his new sponsor beginning in 1995, he won his most recent race at Dover, he fell further down to 30th in points after only finishing in the top-ten five times and failing to qualify for the fall race at Bristol Motor Speedway. He improved to a 27th-place points finish the next season despite missing two races due to injury and failing to qualify for the season-ending race at Atlanta, he parted way with SABCO at the end of the season. In 1996, the popular rock group Soundgarden recorded a tune called "Kyle Petty, Son of Richard." For the 1997 season, Petty formed his own team, PE2 Motorsports, fielded the No. 44 Hot Wheels Pontiac Grand Prix for himself. He had two top-five finishes and finished 15th in points, the highest points placement of all the new teams to run during the 1997 season.
He only had two top-tens in 1998, fell back to 30th in points, causing him to return to Petty Enterprises and run his team from their shop, became Petty Enterprises' new CEO. He began the 1999 season with two early DNQs, finished 26th in points despite finishing in the top-ten nine times. Petty made guest appearances on ESPN to provide commentary during Busch Series races, he had one top-ten early in 2000, the same year in which his son Adam died while practicing for a Busch Series race at New Hampshire International Speedway. He missed the next two races and returned to drive the No. 44 for the rest of the summer, before moving to the Busch Series full-time to finish out the season in Adam's No. 45 Sprint Chevrolet. He had four top-tens in the car over a span of fourteen races, attempted two Cup races with the No. 45 Sprint PCS Chevrolet in 2000, finishing 31st at Martinsville. He filled in at the Brickyard 400 for Penske Racing after their regular driver, Jeremy Mayfield had to miss the race due to a concussion.
Steve Grissom drove the No. 44 H
Plymouth was a brand of automobiles based in the United States, produced by the Chrysler Corporation and its successor DaimlerChrysler. The brand first appeared in 1928 in the United States to compete in what was described as the "low-priced" market segment dominated by Chevrolet and Ford. Plymouth was the high-volume seller for the automaker until the late 1990s; the brand was withdrawn from the marketplace in 2001. The Plymouth models that were produced up to were either discontinued or rebranded as Chrysler or Dodge; the Plymouth automobile was introduced at Madison Square Garden on July 7, 1928. It was Chrysler Corporation's first entry in the low-priced field dominated by Chevrolet and Ford. Plymouths were priced higher than the competition, but offered standard features such as internal expanding hydraulic brakes that Ford and Chevrolet did not provide. Plymouths were sold through Chrysler dealerships, offering a low-cost alternative to the upscale Chrysler-brand cars; the logo featured a rear view of the ship Mayflower which landed at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
However, the inspiration for the Plymouth brand name came from Plymouth binder twine, produced by the Plymouth Cordage Company of Plymouth. The name was chosen by Joe Frazer due to the popularity of the twine among farmers; the origins of Plymouth can be traced back to the Maxwell automobile. When Walter P. Chrysler took over control of the troubled Maxwell-Chalmers car company in the early 1920s, he inherited the Maxwell as part of the package. After he used the company's facilities to help create and launch the six-cylinder Chrysler automobile in 1924, he decided to create a lower-priced companion car. So for 1926, the Maxwell was rebadged as the low-end four-cylinder Chrysler "52" model. In 1928, the "52" was once again redesigned to create the Chrysler-Plymouth Model Q; the "Chrysler" portion of the nameplate was dropped with the introduction of the Plymouth Model U in 1929. While the original purpose of the Plymouth was to serve the lower end of a booming automobile market, during the Great Depression of the 1930s, the division helped in ensuring the survival of the Chrysler Corporation when many other car companies failed.
Beginning in 1930, Plymouths were sold by all three Chrysler divisions. Plymouth sales were a bright spot during this dismal automotive period, by 1931 Plymouth rose to number three in sales among all cars. In 1931 with the Model PA, the company introduced floating power and boasted, "The smoothness of an eight - the economy of a four."In 1933, Chrysler decided to catch up with Ford and Chevrolet in engine cylinder count. The 190 cu in version of Chrysler's flathead-six engine was equipped with a downdraft carburetor and installed in the new 1933 Plymouth PC, introduced on November 17, 1932. However, Chrysler had reduced the PC's wheelbase from 112 to 107 in, the car sold poorly. By April 1933, the Dodge division's Model DP chassis, with a 112-inch wheelbase, was put under the PC body with DP front fenders and radiator shell; the model designation was advanced to'PD'. The PC became the'Standard Six', it had been the'Plymouth Six' at introduction, was sold through to the end of 1933, but in much lower numbers.
In 1937, Plymouth added safety features such as flat dash boards with recessed controls and the back of the front seat padded for the rear seat occupantsThe PC was shipped overseas to Sweden and the UK, as well as Australia. In the UK, it was sold as a'Chrysler Kew',the town of Kew being the location of the Chrysler factory outside London; the flathead six which started with the 1933 Model PC stayed in the Plymouth until the 1959 models. In 1939, Plymouth produced 417,528 vehicles, of which 5,967 were two-door convertible coupes with rumble seats; the 1939 convertible coupe was prominently featured at Chrysler's exhibit at the 1939 New York World's Fair, advertised as the first mass-production convertible with a power folding top. It featured a 201 cu in, 82 hp version of the flathead six engine. For much of its life, Plymouth was one of the top-selling American automobile brands. Plymouth surpassed Ford in 1940 and 1941 as the second-most popular make of automobiles in the U. S. In 1957, Virgil Exner's new Forward Look design theme, advertised by Plymouth with the tagline "Suddenly, it's 1960", produced cars with advanced styling compared to Chevrolet or Ford.
The 1957 total production soared to 726,009, about 200,000 more than 1956, the largest output yet for Plymouth. However, the 1957–1958 Forward Look models suffered from poor materials, spotty build quality, inadequate corrosion protection. In 1954, Chrysler started its decade-long unsuccessful attempt to develop and market a viable car powered by a turbine engine when it installed an experimental turbine developed for road vehicles in a Plymouth. Although Plymouth sales suffered as a result of the quality control problems and excesses of the Exner-styled models in the early 1960s, people bought enough of the cars to keep the division profitable. Starting in 1961, the Valiant compact became a Plymouth. Under the impression that Chevrolet was about to "downsize" its 1962 models, Chrysler introduced a smaller standard Plymouth for 1962; as is known, Chevrolet's big cars were not downsized, catching Plymouth in a sales slump in a market where "bigger was better". The 1963 Fury and Savoy were larger, featuring a totall