Marvel Preview is a black-and-white comics magazine published by Magazine Management for 14 issues and the affiliated Marvel Comics Group for 10 issues. The final issue additionally carried the imprint Marvel Magazines Group. An umbrella title that showcased a different heroic-adventure, science-fiction, or sword-and-sorcery character in every issue; the title introduced the Marvel Comics characters Dominic Fortune in issue #2, Star-Lord in #4, Rocket Raccoon in #7. The vigilante character the Punisher, introduced as an antagonist in the comic book The Amazing Spider-Man, had his first solo story in issue #2; the magazine had scheduling difficulties, with various "Next Issue" announcements proving unreliable. Issue #2 promised an adventure of the Marvel superhero Thor in #3, but a Blade story appeared, with the Thor story unseen until #10; as well, two different issues, #20 and #24, are dated "Winter 1980." Issue #20 was to have included photographs from a Japanese Spider-Man television program but instead featured Howard Chaykin's Dominic Fortune.
In addition, Robert A. Heinlein's lawyers threatened legal action over the cover of Marvel Preview #11, which featured a blurb that described the Star-Lord content as "a novel-length science fiction spectacular in the tradition of Robert A. Heinlein," leading to the issue being pulled and reprinted. With #25, the title was changed to Bizarre Adventures, which published an additional ten issues before ending publication. To offset the dark tone of most of the stories, editor Denny O'Neil had writer Steve Skeates produce a humor feature called Bucky Bizarre to close out each issue. A story prepared for Marvel's Logan's Run series was published in Bizarre Adventures #28; the final issue, #34, was a standard-sized color comic book, cover-blurbed "Special Hate the Holidays Issue", with anthological Christmas-related stories including one starring Howard the Duck. Essential Punisher Vol. 1 includes Punisher story from Marvel Preview #2, 568 pages, March 2004, ISBN 978-0785123750 Dominic Fortune: It Can Happen Here and Now includes Dominic Fortune story from Marvel Preview #2, 184 pages, February 2010, ISBN 978-0785140429 Blade: Black & White includes Blade stories from Marvel Preview #3 and 6, 144 pages, December 2004, ISBN 978-0785114697 Star-Lord: Guardian of the Galaxy includes Star-Lord stories from Marvel Preview #4, 11, 14-15, 18, 424 pages, July 2014, ISBN 978-0785154495 Essential Marvel Horror Vol. 1 includes Satana story from Marvel Preview #7, 648 pages, October 2006, ISBN 978-0785121961 Rocket Raccoon: Guardian of the Keystone Quadrant includes Rocket Raccoon story from Marvel Preview #7, 120 pages, August 2011, ISBN 978-0785155270 Essential Moon Knight Vol. 1 includes Moon Knight story from Marvel Preview #21, 560 pages, February 2006, ISBN 978-0785120926 Black Widow: Web of Intrigue includes Black Widow story from Bizarre Adventures #25, 176 pages, April 2010, ISBN 978-0785144748 Deadly Hands of Kung Fu Omnibus Vol. 2 includes Daughters of the Dragon story from Bizarre Adventures #25, 1,000 pages, June 2017, ISBN 978-1302901349 The Savage Sword of Kull Vol. 1 includes King Kull story from Bizarre Adventures #26, 448 pages, November 2010, ISBN 978-1595825933 X-Men: Iceman includes Iceman story from Bizarre Adventures #27, 120 pages, August 2012, ISBN 978-0785162759 X-Men: The Dark Phoenix Saga includes Phoenix story from Bizarre Adventures #27, 200 pages, April 2012, ISBN 978-0785164210 Elektra by Frank Miller Omnibus includes Elektra story from Bizarre Adventures #28, 384 pages, November 2008, ISBN 978-0785127772 Marvel Preview at the Comic Book DB Bizarre Adventures at the Comic Book DB Marvel Preview at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
A supervillain is a variant of the villainous stock character, found in American comic books possessing superhuman abilities. A supervillain is the antithesis of a superhero. Supervillains are invesiles used as foils to present a daunting challenge to a superhero. In instances where the supervillain does not have superhuman, mystical, or alien powers, the supervillain may possess a genius intellect or a skill set that allows them to draft complex schemes or commit crimes in a way normal humans cannot. Other traits may include possession of considerable resources to further their aims. Many supervillains share some typical characteristics of real world dictators and terrorists, with aspirations of world domination or universal leadership; the Joker, Lex Luthor, The Horde, Mr. Glass, Doctor Doom, Venom, Ra's al Ghul and Thanos are some notable male comic book supervillains and have been adapted to film and television; some notable examples of female supervillains are the Catwoman, Harley Quinn, Talia al Ghul, Poison Ivy and Dark Phoenix.
Just like superheroes, supervillains are sometimes members of supervillain groups, such as the Sinister Six, the Suicide Squad, the Brotherhood of Mutants, the Injustice League, the Legion of Doom, the Masters of Evil. Stephen Moffat and Mark Gatiss have claimed to regard James Moriarty as a super villain because he too possesses genius level intelligence and powers of observation and deduction setting him above ordinary people to the point where only he can pose a credible threat to Sherlock Holmes, and because Moriarty is a successful, sociopathic antagonist. The dictionary definition of supervillain at Wiktionary Media related to Supervillains at Wikimedia Commons
Michael G. Ploog is an American storyboard and comic book artist, a visual designer for films. In comics, Ploog is best known for his work on Marvel Comics' 1970s Man-Thing and The Monster of Frankenstein series, as the initial artist on the features Ghost Rider and Werewolf by Night, his style at the time was influenced by the art of Will Eisner, under whom he apprenticed. Born in Mankato, Mike Ploog was one of a family of three brothers and a sister raised on a Minnesota farm, he began drawing while a young child whose imagination was fired by such old-time radio dramas as Sergeant Preston of the Yukon and Gunsmoke, such thriller anthologies as Inner Sanctum Mysteries and Tales of Horror. After his parents divorced and sold the farm when Ploog was about 10 or 11 years old, his mother took the children to live with her in Burbank, California. Ploog entered the U. S. Marine Corps, leaving in 1968, after 10 years. Toward the end of his hitch, he began working on the Corps' Leatherneck Magazine, doing bits of writing and art.
Around 1969 he began working on Batman and Superman animated TV-series at the Los Angeles studio Filmation, doing what he called "cleanup work for other artists." The following season he was promoted to layout work on those' characters' series. "Layout," Ploog recalled in a 1998 interview, "is what happens between storyboarding and actual animation. You're more or less designing the background, putting the characters into it so they'll look like they're walking on the surface". Moving to the Hanna-Barbera studio the following season, he worked on layouts for the animated series Motormouse and Autocat and Wacky Races, as well as "the first Scooby-Doo pilot, it was okay. I had few aspirations, because I didn't know where anything I was doing was going to take me". A Hanna-Barbera colleague passed along a flyer he had gotten from writer-artist Will Eisner seeking an assistant on the military instructional publication PS, The Preventive Maintenance Monthly. Ploog was familiar with it from his Marine Corps days, knew well the art, though not the artist's name.
"I'd been copying his work for years", Ploog said, "because I was doing visual aids and training aids for the military for a long time". Eisner in 1978 recalled that, "Mike came in working for me in 1967. I was looking for someone who could work on the PS magazine... and Mike sent me his material, or somebody sent it to me, I don't remember which, I found myself in California, talking Mike into coming to work for us.... We had a happy relationship for maybe two or three years, four years."Ploog moved to New York City and remained with Eisner for just over two years. As Ploog recalled: Will had worked PS Magazine since about 1952, decided,'We've got to put it out to somebody else.' You know, it's. So they said,'Well, you've got to do something. You've got to either back out of it altogether or find some way of doing this.' So Will came up with the idea: I picked up the contract, Will became the shadow partner, I moved across the street from Will's office into another office that he had. I don't know whether he had been leasing it, but we subleased it from Will, we took over the book.
It just got to be too much, because it's not that profitable without a partner, but if you've got a partner it becomes non-profitable. At the suggestion of Eisner letterer Ben Oda, Ploog broke into comics at Warren Publishing, doing stories for the company's black-and-white horror-comics magazines. A Western sample he showed Marvel got him a callback to draw Werewolf by Night, which premiered in Marvel Spotlight #2; as Ploog recalled, Somebody told me I should go to Marvel, so I got up a Western strip, oddly enough, called Tin Star.... I went over there and they said the work was too cartoony and it wasn't Marvel-style. So I kind of gave up on it, went back home, less than a week they gave me a call. Wanted me to come back in again. That's when I went in and talked to them about doing "Werewolf by Night." After three stories in Marvel Spotlight, the feature spun off onto its own book. Ploog helped launched the initial, Johnny Blaze version of the supernatural motorcyclist Ghost Rider, in Marvel Spotlight #5, drew the next three adventures.
The specifics of the character's creation are disputed. Roy Thomas, a Marvel writer and the editor-in-chief at the time, recalls, I had made up a character as a villain in Daredevil — a lackluster character — called Stunt-Master... a motorcyclist. Anyway, when Gary Friedrich started writing Daredevil, he said,'Instead of Stunt-Master, I'd like to make the villain a weird motorcycle-riding character called Ghost Rider', he didn't describe him. I said,'Yeah, there's only one thing wrong with it', he kind of looked at me weird, because we were old friends from Missouri, I said,'That's too good an idea to be just a villain in Daredevil, he should start out right away in his own book'. When Gary wasn't there the day we were going to design it, Mike Ploog, going to be the artist, I designed the character. I had this idea for the skull-head, something like Elvis' 1968 Special jumpsuit, so forth, Ploog put the fire on the head, just because he thought it looked nice. Gary liked it, so they went off and did it.
Friedrich has responded that, there's some disagreement between Roy, Mike and I over that. I threatened on more than one occasion that if Marvel gets in a position where they are gonna make a movie or make a lot of money off of it, I'm gonna sue them
In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the supreme being, creator deity, principal object of faith. The conceptions of God, as described by theologians include the attributes of omniscience, omnipresence, as having an eternal and necessary existence. Depending on one's kind of theism, these attributes are used either in way of analogy, or in a literal sense as distinct properties. God is most held to be incorporeal. Incorporeality and corporeality of God are related to conceptions of transcendence and immanence of God, with positions of synthesis such as the "immanent transcendence". Psychoanalyst Carl Jung equated religious ideas of God with transcendental aspects of consciousness in his interpretation; some religions describe God without reference to gender, while others or their translations use sex-specific terminology. Judaism attributes only a grammatical gender to God, using terms such as "Him" or "Father" for convenience. God has been conceived as either impersonal. In theism, God is the creator and sustainer of the universe, while in deism, God is the creator, but not the sustainer, of the universe.
In pantheism, God is the universe itself. In atheism, there is an absence of belief in God. In agnosticism, the existence of God is deemed unknowable. God has been conceived as the source of all moral obligation, the "greatest conceivable existent". Many notable philosophers have developed arguments against the existence of God. Monotheists refer to their gods using names prescribed by their respective religions, with some of these names referring to certain cultural ideas about their god's identity and attributes. In the ancient Egyptian era of Atenism the earliest recorded monotheistic religion, this deity was called Aten, premised on being the one "true" Supreme Being and creator of the universe. In the Hebrew Bible and Judaism, Adonai, YHWH and other names are used as the names of God. Yahweh and Jehovah, possible vocalizations of YHWH, are used in Christianity. In the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, coexisting in three "persons", is called the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit. In Islam, the name Allah is used, while Muslims have a multitude of titular names for God.
In Hinduism, Brahman is considered a monistic concept of God. In Chinese religion, Shangdi is conceived as the progenitor of the universe, intrinsic to it and bringing order to it. Other religions have names for the concept, for instance, Baha in the Bahá'í Faith, Waheguru in Sikhism, Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in Balinese Hinduism, Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrianism; the many different conceptions of God, competing claims as to God's characteristics and actions, have led to the development of ideas of omnitheism, pandeism, or a perennial philosophy, which postulates that there is one underlying theological truth, of which all religions express a partial understanding, as to which "the devout in the various great world religions are in fact worshipping that one God, but through different, overlapping concepts". The earliest written form of the Germanic word God comes from the 6th-century Christian Codex Argenteus; the English word itself is derived from the Proto-Germanic * ǥuđan. The reconstructed Proto-Indo-European form * ǵhu-tó-m was based on the root * ǵhau-, which meant either "to call" or "to invoke".
The Germanic words for God were neuter—applying to both genders—but during the process of the Christianization of the Germanic peoples from their indigenous Germanic paganism, the words became a masculine syntactic form. In the English language, capitalization is used for names by which a god is known, including'God'; the capitalized form of god is not used for multiple gods or when used to refer to the generic idea of a deity. The English word God and its counterparts in other languages are used for any and all conceptions and, in spite of significant differences between religions, the term remains an English translation common to all; the same holds for Hebrew El, but in Judaism, God is given a proper name, the tetragrammaton YHWH, in origin the name of an Edomite or Midianite deity, Yahweh. In many translations of the Bible, when the word LORD is in all capitals, it signifies that the word represents the tetragrammaton. Allāh is the Arabic term with no plural used by Muslims and Arabic speaking Christians and Jews meaning "The God", while "ʾilāh" is the term used for a deity or a god in general.
God may be given a proper name in monotheistic currents of Hinduism which emphasize the personal nature of God, with early references to his name as Krishna-Vasudeva in Bhagavata or Vishnu and Hari. Ahura Mazda is the name for God used in Zoroastrianism. "Mazda", or rather the Avestan stem-form Mazdā-, nominative Mazdå, reflects Proto-Iranian *Mazdāh. It is taken to be the proper name of the spirit, like its Sanskrit cognate medhā, means "intelligence" or "wisdom". Both the Avestan and Sanskrit words reflect Proto-Indo-Iranian *mazdhā-, from Proto-Indo-European mn̩sdʰeh1 meaning "placing one's mind", hence "wise". Waheguru is a term most used in Sikhism to refer to God, it means "Wonderful Teacher" in the Punjabi language. Vāhi means "wonderful" and guru is a term denoting "teacher". Waheguru is described by some as an experience of ecstasy, beyond all descriptions; the most common usage of the word "Waheguru" is in the greeting Sikhs use with each other: Baha, the "greates
Extraterrestrial life called alien life, is life that occurs outside of Earth and that did not originate from Earth. These hypothetical life forms may range from simple prokaryotes to beings with civilizations far more advanced than humanity; the Drake equation speculates about the existence of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe. The science of extraterrestrial life in all its forms is known as exobiology. Since the mid-20th century, there has been an ongoing search for signs of extraterrestrial life; this encompasses a search for current and historic extraterrestrial life, a narrower search for extraterrestrial intelligent life. Depending on the category of search, methods range from the analysis of telescope and specimen data to radios used to detect and send communication signals; the concept of extraterrestrial life, extraterrestrial intelligence, has had a major cultural impact, chiefly in works of science fiction. Over the years, science fiction communicated scientific ideas, imagined a wide range of possibilities, influenced public interest in and perspectives of extraterrestrial life.
One shared space is the debate over the wisdom of attempting communication with extraterrestrial intelligence. Some encourage aggressive methods to try for contact with intelligent extraterrestrial life. Others—citing the tendency of technologically advanced human societies to enslave or wipe out less advanced societies—argue that it may be dangerous to call attention to Earth. Alien life, such as microorganisms, has been hypothesized to exist in the Solar System and throughout the universe; this hypothesis relies on consistent physical laws of the observable universe. According to this argument, made by scientists such as Carl Sagan and Stephen Hawking, as well as well-regarded thinkers such as Winston Churchill, it would be improbable for life not to exist somewhere other than Earth; this argument is embodied in the Copernican principle, which states that Earth does not occupy a unique position in the Universe, the mediocrity principle, which states that there is nothing special about life on Earth.
The chemistry of life may have begun shortly after the Big Bang, 13.8 billion years ago, during a habitable epoch when the universe was only 10–17 million years old. Life may have emerged independently at many places throughout the universe. Alternatively, life may have formed less then spread—by meteoroids, for example—between habitable planets in a process called panspermia. In any case, complex organic molecules may have formed in the protoplanetary disk of dust grains surrounding the Sun before the formation of Earth. According to these studies, this process may occur outside Earth on several planets and moons of the Solar System and on planets of other stars. Since the 1950s, scientists have proposed that "habitable zones" around stars are the most places to find life. Numerous discoveries in such zones since 2007 have generated numerical estimates of Earth-like planets —in terms of composition—of many billions; as of 2013, only a few planets have been discovered in these zones. Nonetheless, on 4 November 2013, astronomers reported, based on Kepler space mission data, that there could be as many as 40 billion Earth-sized planets orbiting in the habitable zones of Sun-like stars and red dwarfs in the Milky Way, 11 billion of which may be orbiting Sun-like stars.
The nearest such planet may be 12 light-years away, according to the scientists. Astrobiologists have considered a "follow the energy" view of potential habitats. A study published in 2017 suggests that due to how complexity evolved in species on Earth, the level of predictability for alien evolution elsewhere would make them look similar to life on our planet. One of the study authors, Sam Levin, notes "Like humans, we predict that they are made-up of a hierarchy of entities, which all cooperate to produce an alien. At each level of the organism there will be mechanisms in place to eliminate conflict, maintain cooperation, keep the organism functioning. We can offer some examples of what these mechanisms will be." There is research in assessing the capacity of life for developing intelligence. It has been suggested that this capacity arises with the number of potential niches a planet contains, that the complexity of life itself is reflected in the information density of planetary environments, which in turn can be computed from its niches.
Biologist David Zeigler has argued that, based on evolutionary convergence from many different ancestral groups on Earth, a worm form is a life form on other life-bearing planets. Life on Earth requires water as a solvent in place. Sufficient quantities of carbon and other elements, along with water, might enable the formation of living organisms on terrestrial planets with a chemical make-up and temperature range similar to that of Earth. More life based on ammonia has been suggested, though this solvent appears less suitable than water, it is conceivable that there are forms of life whose solvent is a liquid hydrocarbon, such as methane, ethane or propane. About 29 chemical elements play an active positive role in living organisms on Earth. About 95% of living matter is built upon only six elements: carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur; these six elements form the basic building blocks of all life on Earth, whereas most of the remaining elements are found only in trace amounts. The unique characteristics of carbon make it unlikely that it could be replaced on another planet, to generate the biochemistry necessary for life.
The carbon atom has the unique ability to make four strong chemical
Moon Knight is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Doug Moench and Don Perlin, the character first appeared in Werewolf by Night #32; the character debuted in Werewolf by Night #32, written by Doug Moench with art by Don Perlin, as a villain hired by the Committee to capture the title character for them in a two-part story continuing in #33. He finds out that the Committee wanted to use him as a weapon and helps the Werewolf escape fighting alongside him. Moon Knight returned in the form of a demonic apparition taking on his appearance in #37 to battle the Werewolf once again. Editors Marv Wolfman and Len Wein liked the character, prompting them to grant him a solo spot in Marvel Spotlight #28–29, again written by Doug Moench with art by Don Perlin; the story, along with the Bill Mantlo-penned Spectacular Spider-Man #22 and #23, recast Moon Knight as a hero and his villainous first appearance as a cover to infiltrate the Committee. Subsequent appearances came in Marvel Two-in-One #52, written by Steven Grant with art by Jim Craig and The Defenders #47–51, which had him join the Defenders during their war against the Zodiac Cartel.
Moon Knight gained a backup strip in Hulk! Magazine #11–15, #17–18, #20, which saw the character first drawn with artist Bill Sienkiewicz on issues #13-15, 17-18, #20 as well as a black and white story in the magazine publication Marvel Preview #21. Sienkiewicz's Neal Adams-influenced art style helped cement the early perception of Moon Knight as a mere Batman clone; the Hulk backups and Marvel Preview issue, which were all written by Doug Moench, provided Moon Knight with a partial origin story and introduced one of his most notable recurring villains: Randall Spector, who would become Shadow Knight. Moon Knight received his first ongoing series in 1980, with Doug Moench and Bill Sienkiewicz as its main creative team; the character received a complete origin story, most of his notable recurring villains were introduced. Early sales were good for the book, leading to Marvel, as of issue #15, moving the title from newsstand distribution and making it one of its flagship titles for a group of books only available in comic shops.
A companion mini-series was released, Moon Knight: Special Edition, which reprinted the Hulk and Marvel Preview Moon Knight stories in color and in comic format, as opposed to their original magazine format. Sienkiewicz left the series after issue #30, though continued to contribute covers until the final issue. In 1985, Marvel followed up the series with Moon Knight – Fist Of Khonshu by Alan Zelenetz and Chris Warner, a six issue mini-series that established Moon Knight as suffering from schizophrenia due to the stress of his various aliases. Moon Knight appeared in Marvel Fanfare for two issues and in the pages of West Coast Avengers, with the character written by Steven Englehart. With the arrival of John Byrne onto the title, Moon Knight was written out of the West Coast Avengers and after a guest spot in Punisher Annual #2, the character was given a new ongoing title in 1989, Marc Spector: Moon Knight; the series was written by Chuck Dixon, who left the title after issue #24. Dixon left the book with several storylines unresolved and the plotline with the sidekick was resolved in the pages of The Amazing Spider-Man #353–358, written by Al Milgrom.
The series was canceled with #60, with four of the last six issues drawn by Stephen Platt, hired by Image Comics based on the strength of his work on the series. Two one-shots, Marc Spector: Moon Knight Special Edition #1 and Moon Knight: Divided We Fall, were published during the run of the title. In 1998, writer Doug Moench, artist Tommy Edwards, inker Robert Campanella brought the deceased hero back in a four-part mini-series called the Resurrection Wars. In 1999, Moench and artist Mark Texeira worked together on another four-part mini-series called "High Strangeness", nominated for the Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Award for Favorite Limited Series; the title of the story was mistakenly given as "High Strangers" on the covers of the mini-series. The correct title of the story, "High Strangeness", appeared on the title page of each issue. A Moon Knight ongoing series was launched in April 2006, written by Charlie Huston with art by David Finch; as of #14 of this series, Mike Benson took over writing duties with Huston acting as story-outline adviser according to Benson in an interview with Marvel published as a one-page excerpt in various Marvel comic books throughout late 2007 and early 2008.
Peter Milligan wrote a 2008 seasonal one-shot titled "Moon Knight: Silent Knight" with artist Laurence Campbell. The 2006 series ended with #30, only one Annual in the series was printed in 2008; that series was followed by a ten-issue maxi-series titled Vengeance of the Moon Knight, beginning in September 2009, written by Gregg Hurwitz and drawn by Jerome Opena. After Vengeance of the Moon Knight was canceled, Moon Knight was placed in the team book Secret Avengers, in the Shadowland three issue storyline and in a 2010 relaunch of Heroes for Hire, it was announced at the New York Comic Con that 2011 would see the launch of a new Moon Knight series by Brian Michael Bendis and Alex Maleev. The series, which saw Moon Knight replace his multiple personalities with heroes such as Spider-Man, Captain America, Wolverine, was canceled after 12 issues due to poor sales. In March 2014, Marve
Phantom Rider is the name of several fictional characters, Old West heroic gunfighters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was called Ghost Rider, was renamed following the introduction of Marvel's motorcycle-riding character called Ghost Rider. Marvel's first Ghost Rider look was based on the Magazine Enterprises character Ghost Rider, created by writer Ray Krank and artist Dick Ayers for editor Vincent Sullivan in Tim Holt #11; the character appeared in horror-themed Western stories through the run of Tim Holt, Red Mask, A-1 Comics up until the institution of the Comics Code. After the trademark to the character's name and motif lapsed, Marvel Comics debuted its own near-identical, horror-free version of the character in Ghost Rider #1, by writers Roy Thomas and Gary Friedrich and original Ghost Rider artist Ayers; the song " Riders in the Sky: A Cowboy Legend", being popular at the time, inspired the comics. The song was the inspiration for the Magazine Enterprises' horror-Western comic-book character the Ghost Rider.
With the introduction of Marvel's supernatural Ghost Rider in the 1970s, Marvel renamed its Western Ghost Rider — first, to the unfortunate Night Rider in a 1974–1975 reprint series, to Phantom Rider. At least five men have been the Phantom Rider; the Magazine Enterprises library of characters, including its version of Ghost Rider, was reprinted by AC Comics in the 1980s. While the copyrights have lapsed due to non-renewal, AC renamed the Ghost Rider as the Haunted Horseman, due to Marvel having maintained the Ghost Rider trademark. Carter Slade, the first to wear the mask, debuted in Ghost Rider #1, he battled evil while dressed in a phosphorescent white costume, complete with a full-face mask and the requisite white hat. Slade received his outfit and his white horse from a Native American medicine man, he was never called the Phantom Rider in these original appearances. In Marvel continuity, it was not until after Slade's death that the name Phantom Rider was given to the character, reprints now retroactively use that name for Slade.
The modern era Ghost Rider Johnny Blaze found himself transported into the 19th century where he met and teamed up with Carter Slade. Carter was badly wounded and Blaze took him to Flaming Star to be healed and dealt with Carter's enemies. Carter recovered and Johnny returned to the present. Carter Slade's spirit however returned and possessed his descendant Hamilton Slade to make him a new Phantom Rider and rode out to rescue Johnny Blaze from certain doom. After Slade's death in Western Gunfighters #7, his sidekick Jamie Jacobs became the second Phantom Rider, he was soon killed in action. Lincoln Slade is Carter Slade's brother and a U. S. Marshal, as well as the third Phantom Rider. Lincoln was driven insane by his powers; when the West Coast Avengers are traveling through time on one of their adventures, Lincoln becomes infatuated with one of their members, Mockingbird. Lincoln fled to a secret location, he drugs Mockingbird, removing her ability to give or deny consent, rapes her. Once the effects of the drugs wear off, an enraged Mockingbird defeats him.
In the course of the battle he is knocked over a cliff. As he clings to the cliffside, he first pleads with Mockingbird to help him attempts to reassert his hypnotic authority and orders her to help him. Hating him for his violation of her, Mockingbird allows him to fall to his death. Years Lincoln's restless spirit possesses his descendant, Hamilton Slade, to seek "vengeance" against Mockingbird, his spirit returns a second time. Comic Book Resources placed him. In the miniseries Blaze of Glory, the African American gunslinger Reno Jones used the Ghost Rider identity in a battle with the Klan-affiliated mercenaries called the Nightriders. Jones was one-half of the team called the Gunhawks, along with his former friend, Kid Cassidy, whom Jones had believed dead. Cassidy was revealed to be alive and the leader of the Nightriders. In present-day continuity, Lincoln Slade's distant descendant Hamilton Slade was an archaeologist who found the burial site of his legendary ancestor, in issue #56 of the supernatural-motorcyclist series Ghost Rider.
As he explored the site, he found a large burial urn and from it appeared the ghostly garb of his ancestors Carter and Lincoln Slade. Possessed by the spirits of his ancestors, he became the new version of the Phantom Rider, rode off to rescue Johnny Blaze, the current Ghost Rider, from one of his foes. However, he would have no memory of his adventures as the Rider and Lincoln's ghost would takeover more and haunt Mockingbird for his death. An exorcism released the spirits of Carter and Lincoln from Hamilton and Lincoln was defeated and banished while Hamilton agreed to have Carter possess him, only now Hamilton was in control and retained memory of his adventures as the Rider. Hamilton attempted a similar exorcism to save his daughter Jaime from the returning spirit of Lincoln Slade, he was killed by Crossfire. Nick Fury recruits Carter Slade's grandson, James Taylor James, introduced in The Mighty Avengers #13, to be part of Fury's team against the "Secret Invasion" of the shape-shifting alien Skrulls.
He has superhuman reflexes and the ability to cause a chain to ignite in flame and cause massive damage. The character roll call at the beginn