Purcellville is a town in Loudoun County, United States. The population was 9,232 according to the United States Census 2015 Population Estimate. Purcellville is the major population center for the Loudoun Valley. Today, many of the older structures remaining in Purcellville reflect the Victorian architecture popular during the early 20th century. Patrick Henry College is located in the town. Although the first land grant in the area was issued by Lord Fairfax in 1740, it was not until 1764 that Purcellville's first known settler, James Dillon from Bucks County, arrived; the early ox cart track which wound westward from Leesburg towards the Blue Ridge, known as the "Great Road," served as the town's nucleus, although farms existed in the area, Ketoctin Baptist Church had been founded nearby by 1752. The first recorded business, an ordinary, was established by Abraham Vickers in 1799; this was followed by a second ordinary, established by Stacey Taylor in 1804, by "Purcel's Store" and Post Office, established by Valentine Vernon Purcell.
A blacksmith's shop, established around 1848, was among Purcellville's earliest businesses. On July 9, 1853 the village adopted the name Purcellville The Great Road became an authorized turnpike in 1785 and extended the turnpike system westward from Alexandria to Snickers Gap, beyond to Berryville and Winchester. With the construction of this Turnpike in 1832, travel through Purcellville began to increase and the first stagecoach arrived in 1841. A railroad link on the Alexandria and Hampshire line connecting the town to Leesburg and points east was built prior to the Civil War, travel to points further west were continued by stagecoach through Purcellville. Although both Union and Confederate armies passed through Purcellville during the Civil War, the town witnessed limited fighting with the most notable action occurring at the skirmish of Heaton's Crossroads; the town and surrounding area were contained within the area known as Mosby's Confederacy, the main area of operations for Confederate partisan John S. Mosby, the town was pillaged as part of The Burning Raid of 1864 in retribution for the area's support of Mosby's command.
When the railroad was extended to Purcellville in 1874, the town took Leesburg's place as the beginning of the stage route until the railroad was extended to Round Hill in 1875. The Southern Railway constructed the still-existing Purcellville Train Station in 1891; the railroad ceased operation in 1968. Its right-of-way serves as the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park, which has its western terminus at the station; the first public school was built in 1883. On March 14, 1908 the town was incorporated by an act of Virginia's General Assembly. In the 20th century, a series of disastrous fires, the first in 1900 and two more in 1914 wiped out the business district, depriving the town of what remained of its earliest architectural heritage; the town's prominent location in the center of the Loudoun Valley and presence of the railroad helped the town to become the major agricultural center of Western Loudoun and led to redevelopment and expansion of the business district in the early and mid 20th century.
In the latter 20th century, widening of Virginia State Route 7 has led to increased suburban development in and around the town and Purcellville's traditional dependence upon agriculture as its primary source of income has since diminished as more and more residents are employed outside of the community. In addition to the Purcellville Train Station, Locust Grove, the Purcellville Historic District, Rich Bottom Farm, The Tabernacle-Fireman's Field are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Purcellville is located at 39°8′4″N 77°42′40″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.1 square miles, all of it land. Purcellville lies in western Loudoun County, Virginia, in the heart of the Loudoun Valley 9 miles west of the County Seat of Leesburg, Virginia. Just to the west are the Blue Ridge Mountains and the town Round Hill, 4 miles away. Philomont is 5 miles south, Middleburg, Virginia is 12 miles to the southeast. Lovettsville is 11 miles to the north.
Purcellville is governed by a town council with a mayor. Three of the seats, the mayor's seat, go before the voters every two years; as of 2018, the Purcellville Town Council is composed of Mayor Kwasi Fraser, Vice Mayor Ryan Cool, Council members Chris Bledsoe, Nedim Ogelman, Ted Greenly, Tip Stinnette, Joel Grewe. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,584 people, 1,253 households, 956 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,512.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,292 housing units at an average density of 545.1 per square mile The racial makeup of the town was 88.92% White, 7.45% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, 1.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.29% of the population. There were 1,253 households out of which 45.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.7% were non-families.
20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.28. In the town, the populat
Cascades is a census-designated place in Loudoun County, Virginia. The population as of the 2010 United States Census was 11,912. Along with nearby Countryside and Lowes Island, it is considered one of the three main components of the Potomac Falls community within Sterling, Virginia. Cascades is a planned community of 2,500 acres with 6,500 homes; the corresponding homeowners association was incorporated on 8 November 1990. Like nearby Sterling Park, prior to the establishment of the Cascades community in 1990 the area was made up of a few large farms; the homeowners association maintains five community centers, five swimming pools, 15 tennis courts, other amenities including extensive paved walking trails. The Lowes Island at Cascades community is an advertised portion of the legal subdivision of Cascades, but is not a legal subdivision itself; the Lowes Island community is centered on Trump National Golf Club Lowes Island Country Club. Cascades is bordered on the north by Algonkian Regional Park.
The commercial core of Cascades is Cascades Marketplace, a 318,000 square foot retail center adjacent to the Cascades Public Library and near the Loudoun campus of Northern Virginia Community College. Great Falls Plaza is a second, smaller retail center located just outside Lowes Island. Area public schools include Potomac Falls High School, River Bend Middle School, Potowmack Elementary School, Horizon Elementary School, Lowes Island Elementary School; the Cascades area encompasses the gated campus of the Falcons Landing retirement community for retired U. S. military officers. Cascades is served by Loudoun County Sheriff's Office, the Sterling Volunteer Fire Department, the Potomac Falls post office; as noted above, the northern border of Cascades is bounded by Potomack Lakes Sportsplex and Algonkian Regional Park. The neighboring communities are: To the east, Sugarland Run and Great Falls To the west, Countryside To the south, across Route 7, Dulles Town Center and the remainder of Sterling including Sterling Park
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States federal government's official list of districts, buildings and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property; the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually; the remainder are contributing resources within historic districts. For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service, an agency within the United States Department of the Interior, its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate and protect historic sites in the United States.
While National Register listings are symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places; the application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians. Historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States are listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, multiple property submissions; the Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties; some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service.
These include National Historic Landmarks, National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Military Parks, National Memorials, some National Monuments. On October 15, 1966, the Historic Preservation Act created the National Register of Historic Places and the corresponding State Historic Preservation Offices; the National Register consisted of the National Historic Landmarks designated before the Register's creation, as well as any other historic sites in the National Park system. Approval of the act, amended in 1980 and 1992, represented the first time the United States had a broad-based historic preservation policy; the 1966 act required those agencies to work in conjunction with the SHPO and an independent federal agency, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, to confront adverse effects of federal activities on historic preservation. To administer the newly created National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, with director George B.
Hartzog Jr. established an administrative division named the Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation. Hartzog charged OAHP with creating the National Register program mandated by the 1966 law. Ernest Connally was the Office's first director. Within OAHP new divisions were created to deal with the National Register; the division administered several existing programs, including the Historic Sites Survey and the Historic American Buildings Survey, as well as the new National Register and Historic Preservation Fund. The first official Keeper of the Register was an architectural historian. During the Register's earliest years in the late 1960s and early 1970s, organization was lax and SHPOs were small and underfunded. However, funds were still being supplied for the Historic Preservation Fund to provide matching grants-in-aid to listed property owners, first for house museums and institutional buildings, but for commercial structures as well. A few years in 1979, the NPS history programs affiliated with both the U.
S. National Parks system and the National Register were categorized formally into two "Assistant Directorates." Established were the Assistant Directorate for Archeology and Historic Preservation and the Assistant Directorate for Park Historic Preservation. From 1978 until 1981, the main agency for the National Register was the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service of the United States Department of the Interior. In February 1983, the two assistant directorates were merged to promote efficiency and recognize the interdependency of their programs. Jerry L. Rogers was selected to direct this newly merged associate directorate, he was described as a skilled administrator, sensitive to the need for the NPS to work with SHPOs, local governments. Although not described in detail in the 1966 act, SHPOs became integral to the process of listing properties on the National Register; the 1980 amendments of the 1966 law further defined the responsibilities of SHPOs concerning the National Register.
Several 1992 amendments of the NHPA added a category to the National Register, known as Traditional Cultural Properties: those properties associated with Native American or Hawaiian groups
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Brambleton is a census-designated place in Loudoun County, off the Dulles Greenway. The population as of the 2010 United States Census was 9,845. Construction started on the Brambleton community in 2001. Brambleton is located 9 miles south of Leesburg and 1.3 mi northwest of Washington Dulles International Airport. Brambleton is an award-winning master planned community located on 2,500 acres of land near Ashburn, Virginia in Loudoun County. Brambleton is zoned for a full range of commercial uses; the overall layout of Brambleton calls for over 9,000 residential units, including an active adult community, Birchwood at Brambleton. Future commercial parcels are planned within Brambleton. Brambleton was designed to incorporate traditional neighborhood features alongside pedestrian-oriented spaces and streetscapes; the community includes four pools, over 15 miles of public trails, sports courts, several Loudoun County Public Schools. One additional public school site remains for the future Independence High School.
Brambleton is home to two Winwood childcare centers and two Chesterbrook Academy Pre-schools. Brambleton is located at the site of the former community of Royville, VA, which existed as early as 1908 at the intersection of Belmont Ridge Road and Creighton Road. Developing the Brambleton master-planned community began in earnest in the spring of 1999 after Brambleton Group L. L. C. A division of Soave Real Estate, acquired the property. Road improvements were necessary along Route 607/772 to connect Brambleton to Exit 7, Loudoun County Parkway off the Dulles Greenway. Exit 7, the Loudoun County Parkway, is the gateway into the Brambleton community. Residents in the development are members of the Brambleton Community Association, a homeowners association; the Town Center of Brambleton contains over 50 retail stores, entertainment, public spaces and commercial offices. The Town Center serves as the location for the community's annual Sizzlin' Summer Concerts, Farmers' Market, Race Brambleton Series and other events and festivals.
Briar Woods High School Independence High School Rock Ridge High School Brambleton Middle School Eagle Ridge Middle School Stone Hill Middle School Creighton's Corner Elementary Legacy Elementary School Madison's Trust Elementary School Moorefield Station Elementary Rosa Lee Carter Elementary School Brambleton Community Website Brambleton HOA Briar Woods High School